Therapists in Loudoun County, VA

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Photo of Elizabeth (Lisa) Bennett, Psychologist in Loudoun County, VA
Elizabeth (Lisa) Bennett
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Sterling, VA 20165
I work as a clinical and forensic psychologist in Virginia. As founding director of Child Custody Clinic, PLLC, I provide services to families facing custody litigation. It is my privilege to manage a team of clinicians who provide individual and family therapy, parent coordination, and trauma-informed interventions. As a mid-career psychologist, I also welcome the chance to provide psychotherapy to human service professionals struggling with compassion fatigue.
I work as a clinical and forensic psychologist in Virginia. As founding director of Child Custody Clinic, PLLC, I provide services to families facing custody litigation. It is my privilege to manage a team of clinicians who provide individual and family therapy, parent coordination, and trauma-informed interventions. As a mid-career psychologist, I also welcome the chance to provide psychotherapy to human service professionals struggling with compassion fatigue.
(571) 616-9848 View (571) 616-9848
Photo of Embark Behavioral Health , Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Loudoun County, VA
Embark Behavioral Health
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Ashburn, VA 20147
Embark Behavioral Health is a leading network of exceptional treatment and therapy programs across the United States. We specialize in preteens, teens, and young adults, struggling with anxiety, depression, and other mental health and substance abuse issues. Our programs include in-home treatment, virtual coaching and counseling, outpatient clinics, that offer intensive outpatient programs (IOPs), and therapeutic day treatment programs, also known as a partial hospitalization program (PHPs), wilderness therapy, short-term residential treatment programs, long-term residential treatment, therapeutic boarding schools, and young adult transitional living options.
Embark Behavioral Health is a leading network of exceptional treatment and therapy programs across the United States. We specialize in preteens, teens, and young adults, struggling with anxiety, depression, and other mental health and substance abuse issues. Our programs include in-home treatment, virtual coaching and counseling, outpatient clinics, that offer intensive outpatient programs (IOPs), and therapeutic day treatment programs, also known as a partial hospitalization program (PHPs), wilderness therapy, short-term residential treatment programs, long-term residential treatment, therapeutic boarding schools, and young adult transitional living options.
(703) 665-5323 View (703) 665-5323
Photo of Staci M Bostic, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Loudoun County, VA
Staci M Bostic
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Ashburn, VA 20147
I am an Approved Supervisor in the State of Virginia. I supervise interns and also MSW's seeking licensure. In my practice my goal is to assist Adults with building Mental Fortitude. I have a wealth of experience with working with those who are experiencing difficulties within their life. My expertise is working with people who are experiencing a mental health crisis or simply need a neutral ear. My goal with each person is assist them with doing the work to improve their lives by improving their self care.
I am an Approved Supervisor in the State of Virginia. I supervise interns and also MSW's seeking licensure. In my practice my goal is to assist Adults with building Mental Fortitude. I have a wealth of experience with working with those who are experiencing difficulties within their life. My expertise is working with people who are experiencing a mental health crisis or simply need a neutral ear. My goal with each person is assist them with doing the work to improve their lives by improving their self care.
(703) 810-3807 View (703) 810-3807
Photo of Timeless River Healing in Loudoun County, VA
Timeless River Healing
CCH, CMS, FIBH
Verified Verified
Ashburn, VA 20147
Did you know your subconscious mind has a power, which works mysterious ways? And this power is the most natural, most organic and most enjoyable way to get happy, healthy and wealthy. Have you ever wondered if you could use this power to deliberately program yourself for success? .... for healing? ...for changing a bad habit or unwanted behavior? The answer is: Yes, you can! Join me on the "Wonderful You" journey to your subconscious mind your source of health, happiness, and success!
Did you know your subconscious mind has a power, which works mysterious ways? And this power is the most natural, most organic and most enjoyable way to get happy, healthy and wealthy. Have you ever wondered if you could use this power to deliberately program yourself for success? .... for healing? ...for changing a bad habit or unwanted behavior? The answer is: Yes, you can! Join me on the "Wonderful You" journey to your subconscious mind your source of health, happiness, and success!
(571) 458-1770 View (571) 458-1770
Photo of Brooke Croft, Marriage & Family Therapist in Loudoun County, VA
Brooke Croft
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CST
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Leesburg, VA 20176
As an Aasect Certified Sex Therapist, I offer a safe, non-judgmental space using light humor to talk about all things sex. Physical and emotional intimacy can be difficult topics to broach, whether with yourself or with one or more partners. For most of us, sex was not discussed at any length growing up, often shrouded in shame or guilt. If something has been bothering you for awhile or it just popped up, let's explore it! I work with your comfort level and at your pace. I work with low sexual desire, avoidance of intimacy, sexual identity or orientation, gender identity, Sexual anxiety, and sexual dysfunctions.
As an Aasect Certified Sex Therapist, I offer a safe, non-judgmental space using light humor to talk about all things sex. Physical and emotional intimacy can be difficult topics to broach, whether with yourself or with one or more partners. For most of us, sex was not discussed at any length growing up, often shrouded in shame or guilt. If something has been bothering you for awhile or it just popped up, let's explore it! I work with your comfort level and at your pace. I work with low sexual desire, avoidance of intimacy, sexual identity or orientation, gender identity, Sexual anxiety, and sexual dysfunctions.
(571) 554-6366 View (571) 554-6366
Photo of Anisha Zaman, Supervisee in Clinical Social Work in Loudoun County, VA
Anisha Zaman
Supervisee in Clinical Social Work, MSW
Verified Verified
Lansdowne, VA 20176
Anisha Zaman, MSW, is a Clinical Social Work Supervisee with over three years of diverse experience, spanning from elementary schools to international high schools, and partial hospitalization programs. She has had the privilege of working with adolescents and young adults from varied cultural backgrounds. Anisha offers specialized expertise in areas including Anxiety, Depression, Eating Disorders, Body Image, Self-esteem, Suicidal Ideations, Self-Injurious Behavior, and gender/sexuality identity exploration. She provides unwavering support to survivors of gender-based violence.
Anisha Zaman, MSW, is a Clinical Social Work Supervisee with over three years of diverse experience, spanning from elementary schools to international high schools, and partial hospitalization programs. She has had the privilege of working with adolescents and young adults from varied cultural backgrounds. Anisha offers specialized expertise in areas including Anxiety, Depression, Eating Disorders, Body Image, Self-esteem, Suicidal Ideations, Self-Injurious Behavior, and gender/sexuality identity exploration. She provides unwavering support to survivors of gender-based violence.
(540) 572-7193 View (540) 572-7193
Photo of Ana Paula Goncalves, Licensed Professional Counselor in Loudoun County, VA
Ana Paula Goncalves
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, MA, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ashburn, VA 20147
I believe we all want to live a good and meaningful live. Sometimes, difficult life experiences, relationship issues, stressful jobs, traumatic situations, etc can make us feel unhappy, overwhelmed, and overall dissatisfied with our lives. This can affect our ability to think clearly and make choices that helps us to move towards what is important to us in life and being the kind of person we want to be. Therapy can help us in increasing acceptance and learn new strategies to better manage stressors and make choices that can help us move towards the life we want.
I believe we all want to live a good and meaningful live. Sometimes, difficult life experiences, relationship issues, stressful jobs, traumatic situations, etc can make us feel unhappy, overwhelmed, and overall dissatisfied with our lives. This can affect our ability to think clearly and make choices that helps us to move towards what is important to us in life and being the kind of person we want to be. Therapy can help us in increasing acceptance and learn new strategies to better manage stressors and make choices that can help us move towards the life we want.
(571) 621-7013 View (571) 621-7013
Photo of Shaundra Branova, Pre-Licensed Professional in Loudoun County, VA
Shaundra Branova
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stone Ridge, VA 20105  (Online Only)
With a deep-rooted passion for guiding individuals and couples on their transformative journey towards healing and self-discovery, I bring a wealth of experience to my role as a resident therapist. Specializing in working with adults and couples, my focus is on empowering individuals to enhance their coping mechanisms, navigate emotional challenges, develop deeper connections, learn and enhance communication and relational skills, and triumph over life's adversities.
With a deep-rooted passion for guiding individuals and couples on their transformative journey towards healing and self-discovery, I bring a wealth of experience to my role as a resident therapist. Specializing in working with adults and couples, my focus is on empowering individuals to enhance their coping mechanisms, navigate emotional challenges, develop deeper connections, learn and enhance communication and relational skills, and triumph over life's adversities.
(571) 554-5580 View (571) 554-5580
Photo of Katie Doppelheuer, Pre-Licensed Professional in Loudoun County, VA
Katie Doppelheuer
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Leesburg, VA 20175
Hello and congratulations on taking your first step in creating meaningful change for you, your child, or your family. It is not an easy decision, and I am grateful to be part of your journey. I specialize in supporting clients experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship conflict, maladaptive family dynamics, mood disorders, PTSD, and stress. My approach is integrative, using a variety of evidence based techniques to provide effective care. I believe that a positive, collaborative relationship is the key to your success.
Hello and congratulations on taking your first step in creating meaningful change for you, your child, or your family. It is not an easy decision, and I am grateful to be part of your journey. I specialize in supporting clients experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship conflict, maladaptive family dynamics, mood disorders, PTSD, and stress. My approach is integrative, using a variety of evidence based techniques to provide effective care. I believe that a positive, collaborative relationship is the key to your success.
(571) 568-7473 View (571) 568-7473
Photo of Bronwyn Duffy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Loudoun County, VA
Bronwyn Duffy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Leesburg, VA 20175  (Online Only)
I work with adolescents, adults, and families. My style is straightforward and collaborative. I am always willing to do short-term, results-oriented work, but I relish as well the opportunity to do longer-term work, which allows for the working-through of old hurts and for the gradual discovery of new ways to relate to ourselves, others, and our lives. At its best, therapy is a creative and richly rewarding endeavor. Clients over the years have reported that they find in me warmth, pragmatism, a keen mind, and a willingness to laugh and to be human.
I work with adolescents, adults, and families. My style is straightforward and collaborative. I am always willing to do short-term, results-oriented work, but I relish as well the opportunity to do longer-term work, which allows for the working-through of old hurts and for the gradual discovery of new ways to relate to ourselves, others, and our lives. At its best, therapy is a creative and richly rewarding endeavor. Clients over the years have reported that they find in me warmth, pragmatism, a keen mind, and a willingness to laugh and to be human.
(703) 994-4990 View (703) 994-4990
Photo of Jacqueline Bitanga, Licensed Professional Counselor in Loudoun County, VA
Jacqueline Bitanga
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Leesburg, VA 20176
We all need support, validation, and empathy in the midst of conflict and everyday struggles. Jacque has over 15 years of experience working as a psychotherapist and a diagnostic assessment specialist licensed at the master's level. She has completed half of her coursework in the doctoral program in educational psychology from the American School of Psychology at Argosy University. She has helped adults, families, children, and adolescents of diverse backgrounds and concerns. Jacque's approach to counseling is warm and empathetic. She prides herself on treating everyone with kindness, respect, and sensitivity.
We all need support, validation, and empathy in the midst of conflict and everyday struggles. Jacque has over 15 years of experience working as a psychotherapist and a diagnostic assessment specialist licensed at the master's level. She has completed half of her coursework in the doctoral program in educational psychology from the American School of Psychology at Argosy University. She has helped adults, families, children, and adolescents of diverse backgrounds and concerns. Jacque's approach to counseling is warm and empathetic. She prides herself on treating everyone with kindness, respect, and sensitivity.
(540) 712-8465 View (540) 712-8465
Photo of Judith Hawley, Resident in Counseling in Loudoun County, VA
Judith Hawley
Resident in Counseling, MA
Verified Verified
Middleburg, VA 20117
Hello and thank you for looking over my profile. I am excited to take on new clients virtually or in-person. I believe one of the bravest things a person can do is to take that first step and reach out and ask for help. I offer hope and a safe, collaborative place to explore change and moving forward.
Hello and thank you for looking over my profile. I am excited to take on new clients virtually or in-person. I believe one of the bravest things a person can do is to take that first step and reach out and ask for help. I offer hope and a safe, collaborative place to explore change and moving forward.
(540) 701-2268 View (540) 701-2268
Photo of Coral Collins, Resident in Counseling in Loudoun County, VA
Coral Collins
Resident in Counseling, LPC-R
Verified Verified
Lansdowne, VA 20176
My journey with mental health has shaped who I am. While everyone's experience is personal, mine fuels my dedication to support others through their challenges. In a society that often misunderstands mental health, I strive to create a haven for self-discovery, reminding you that you're never alone. I hold a Bachelor's from Mary Baldwin University and an MA in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Eastern Mennonite University.
My journey with mental health has shaped who I am. While everyone's experience is personal, mine fuels my dedication to support others through their challenges. In a society that often misunderstands mental health, I strive to create a haven for self-discovery, reminding you that you're never alone. I hold a Bachelor's from Mary Baldwin University and an MA in Clinical Mental Health Counseling from Eastern Mennonite University.
(540) 307-2943 View (540) 307-2943
Photo of Dulles Psychological Services, Psychologist in Loudoun County, VA
Dulles Psychological Services
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Sterling, VA 20166  (Online Only)
Psychotherapy provides a healing relationship and a safe environment to process experiences and develop insights into- and coping strategies for- current challenges. We will provide you or your family this therapeutic relationship, guidance through your path to growth, & the opportunity to learn new skills & enhance your life.
Psychotherapy provides a healing relationship and a safe environment to process experiences and develop insights into- and coping strategies for- current challenges. We will provide you or your family this therapeutic relationship, guidance through your path to growth, & the opportunity to learn new skills & enhance your life.
(703) 782-8286 View (703) 782-8286
Photo of Patti McCarthy Broderick, Licensed Professional Counselor in Loudoun County, VA
Patti McCarthy Broderick
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, BCCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ashburn, VA 20147
Patti has had the privilege of counseling since the early 90s. She views the study of psychology as another venue for the general revelation of God. However, she considers His special revelation, the Word of God written in the Bible, to be divinely inspired truth through which all general revelation must be filtered. Therefore, in her approach to counseling, she attempts to use Scripture as the primary lens and psychology as a secondary lens for her theoretical formulation. Since man does not address his trials in isolation, she tends to be holistic in her approach to counseling by integrating all factors, which impact functioning.
Patti has had the privilege of counseling since the early 90s. She views the study of psychology as another venue for the general revelation of God. However, she considers His special revelation, the Word of God written in the Bible, to be divinely inspired truth through which all general revelation must be filtered. Therefore, in her approach to counseling, she attempts to use Scripture as the primary lens and psychology as a secondary lens for her theoretical formulation. Since man does not address his trials in isolation, she tends to be holistic in her approach to counseling by integrating all factors, which impact functioning.
(703) 832-8019 View (703) 832-8019
Photo of Amy Wu, Pre-Licensed Professional in Loudoun County, VA
Amy Wu
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, LMFT-R
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Stone Ridge, VA 20105
Sometimes our fears and stressors can affect the way we interact with the world and can take a toll on the mind, body, and impact relationships. I believe healing from within, starts with compassion and feeling seen. Whether you want to prioritize your mental health or work on relational issues - having a nonjudgmental and supportive safe space can open the door to potential change and growth. When clients are willing to learn and explore beneath the surface of their day-to-day living, they open up new ways to better connect with themselves and with others. I use a collaborative, warm, and mindfulness approach to therapy.
Sometimes our fears and stressors can affect the way we interact with the world and can take a toll on the mind, body, and impact relationships. I believe healing from within, starts with compassion and feeling seen. Whether you want to prioritize your mental health or work on relational issues - having a nonjudgmental and supportive safe space can open the door to potential change and growth. When clients are willing to learn and explore beneath the surface of their day-to-day living, they open up new ways to better connect with themselves and with others. I use a collaborative, warm, and mindfulness approach to therapy.
(703) 454-5583 View (703) 454-5583
Photo of Karishma Snider, Licensed Professional Counselor in Loudoun County, VA
Karishma Snider
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Leesburg, VA 20175
Karishma Snider is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) from London, England. She completed her MS in Mental Health Counseling in Mississippi and is licensed in both the State of Mississippi and the State of Virginia, as well as a National Board Certified Counselor (NCC). She has 10 years of experience working in various treatment settings including inpatient, outpatient, long-term residential facilities and schools. She has worked with clients ranging from 7-55 years of age.
Karishma Snider is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) from London, England. She completed her MS in Mental Health Counseling in Mississippi and is licensed in both the State of Mississippi and the State of Virginia, as well as a National Board Certified Counselor (NCC). She has 10 years of experience working in various treatment settings including inpatient, outpatient, long-term residential facilities and schools. She has worked with clients ranging from 7-55 years of age.
(540) 296-2518 View (540) 296-2518
Photo of Michelle Nelms, Licensed Professional Counselor in Loudoun County, VA
Michelle Nelms
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC , LCPC
Verified Verified
Ashburn, VA 20147
It is my pleasure to be able to offer in-person or Zoom video counseling for convenience and access to Christian Counseling. I am interested in working with those who have broken hearts, anyone affected by divorce, infidelity, narcissist victim, anxiety, perfectionism, codependency, childhood abuse and neglect, mother/father wounding, family dysfunction and those seeking spiritual growth. I enjoy identifying underlying causes of what keeps us stuck. I practice from a non-denominational Biblical worldview and utilize God’s Word in our sessions. It is my personal view that we look at the roots, not the symptoms to make a difference.
It is my pleasure to be able to offer in-person or Zoom video counseling for convenience and access to Christian Counseling. I am interested in working with those who have broken hearts, anyone affected by divorce, infidelity, narcissist victim, anxiety, perfectionism, codependency, childhood abuse and neglect, mother/father wounding, family dysfunction and those seeking spiritual growth. I enjoy identifying underlying causes of what keeps us stuck. I practice from a non-denominational Biblical worldview and utilize God’s Word in our sessions. It is my personal view that we look at the roots, not the symptoms to make a difference.
(571) 200-7234 View (571) 200-7234
Photo of Siria Minaya, Resident in Counseling in Loudoun County, VA
Siria Minaya
Resident in Counseling, MA, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ashburn, VA 20147
Everyone has the strength and capacity to change. As humans, we occasionally get stuck in unhelpful ways of thinking or behavioral patterns. As a counselor, my goal is to create a safe space for reflection and help you develop skills so that you can be better equipped when confronted with life’s difficulties.
Everyone has the strength and capacity to change. As humans, we occasionally get stuck in unhelpful ways of thinking or behavioral patterns. As a counselor, my goal is to create a safe space for reflection and help you develop skills so that you can be better equipped when confronted with life’s difficulties.
(540) 306-4007 x67 View (540) 306-4007 x67
Photo of Stephen Deddens, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Loudoun County, VA
Stephen Deddens
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Sterling, VA 20165
Stephen Deddens is an LCSW, who has been practicing since 1997. He graduated from Virginia Commonwealth University with an MSW in child and family studies. He also holds other advanced degrees. Stephen utilizes a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approach with openness to an array of other helpful modalities (e. g. mindfulness). His main focus includes supporting a productive and fulfilling balance of thought with emotion. In his spare time Stephen enjoys biking, hiking, and reading along with small construction projects.
Stephen Deddens is an LCSW, who has been practicing since 1997. He graduated from Virginia Commonwealth University with an MSW in child and family studies. He also holds other advanced degrees. Stephen utilizes a Cognitive Behavioral Therapy approach with openness to an array of other helpful modalities (e. g. mindfulness). His main focus includes supporting a productive and fulfilling balance of thought with emotion. In his spare time Stephen enjoys biking, hiking, and reading along with small construction projects.
(540) 452-9589 View (540) 452-9589

See more therapy options for Loudoun County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Loudoun County, VA

900+

Average cost per session

$160

Therapists in Loudoun County, VA who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
87% Depression
74% Self Esteem
73% Relationship Issues
71% Coping Skills
64% Trauma and PTSD
63% Stress

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

70% BlueCross and BlueShield
63% Anthem | Elevance
60% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Loudoun County, VA see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

85% Female
14% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Loudoun County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.