Therapists in Greenwood, VA

Photo of Amy Hereford, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Amy Hereford
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Greenwood, VA 22943  (Online Only)
I work with people who want something more from their lives and have not yet found a pathway to that something. It is powerful to work together to understand how our past relationships affect our current view of the world, and how this view can change and brighten and expand to increase our capacity for joy and fulfillment. Sharing pain and sorrow, understanding how emotions affect our thinking and welcoming our very humanness is healing. I work with families, couples and individuals to realize a more reflective life and to build and strengthen relationships.
I work with people who want something more from their lives and have not yet found a pathway to that something. It is powerful to work together to understand how our past relationships affect our current view of the world, and how this view can change and brighten and expand to increase our capacity for joy and fulfillment. Sharing pain and sorrow, understanding how emotions affect our thinking and welcoming our very humanness is healing. I work with families, couples and individuals to realize a more reflective life and to build and strengthen relationships.
(434) 483-5649 View (434) 483-5649
Photo of Robert C Rannigan, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Robert C Rannigan
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Greenwood, VA 22943  (Online Only)
Choosing a more satisfying life depends upon self understanding. Mindfulness teaches life is four fold: physical, emotional, mental and spiritual. Each life's meaning is learned automatically through each of these four levels. We all flow into outer as well as hidden inner-actions and combinations of both. We all grow continually each moment, as we choose to accept, avoid, or wait. Mindfulness offers us unfolding loving kindness to guide us. My counseling sessions point away from negative habits while encouraging and choosing new healthy ones, practiced during mindfulness meetings, and as chosen by you for your daily life.
Choosing a more satisfying life depends upon self understanding. Mindfulness teaches life is four fold: physical, emotional, mental and spiritual. Each life's meaning is learned automatically through each of these four levels. We all flow into outer as well as hidden inner-actions and combinations of both. We all grow continually each moment, as we choose to accept, avoid, or wait. Mindfulness offers us unfolding loving kindness to guide us. My counseling sessions point away from negative habits while encouraging and choosing new healthy ones, practiced during mindfulness meetings, and as chosen by you for your daily life.
(434) 607-4781 View (434) 607-4781
Photo of Jenna L Cohen, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jenna L Cohen
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Greenwood, VA 22943  (Online Only)
Do you spend too much time distressed about the past or future? Do you want to be more focused on the things that are important to you? I am glad you're here and seeking change & self-exploration! Therapy is a unique place to seek healing & growth, and it can only occur in a place where you feel safe, believed, & supported. I believe that the development of self-awareness, deepening meaningful and substantial connections with others, & improving emotional resilience creates a space for change, growth, and healing to take place. You aren't alone in this walk and you can be sure we're on the same team as you navigate therapy.
Do you spend too much time distressed about the past or future? Do you want to be more focused on the things that are important to you? I am glad you're here and seeking change & self-exploration! Therapy is a unique place to seek healing & growth, and it can only occur in a place where you feel safe, believed, & supported. I believe that the development of self-awareness, deepening meaningful and substantial connections with others, & improving emotional resilience creates a space for change, growth, and healing to take place. You aren't alone in this walk and you can be sure we're on the same team as you navigate therapy.
(540) 889-3285 View (540) 889-3285
Photo of Joel McNair, LPC, LMHC, LMFT, BC-TMH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Joel McNair
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LMHC, LMFT, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Greenwood, VA 22943  (Online Only)
I offer experience, perspective and professionalism from decades of work with people experiencing a wide variety of life challenges, problems, mood and emotional disorders. I view these issues from a cognitive behavioral and solution-focused therapy model, helping good people find solutions, make changes and experience improvement in the areas of their life and relationships where they are seeking change. I've worked for decades in trauma, addiction and recovery, including couples therapy where one or both of the partners are in recovery and/or struggling with addiction issues both substance and process (eg gambling, pornagraphy).
I offer experience, perspective and professionalism from decades of work with people experiencing a wide variety of life challenges, problems, mood and emotional disorders. I view these issues from a cognitive behavioral and solution-focused therapy model, helping good people find solutions, make changes and experience improvement in the areas of their life and relationships where they are seeking change. I've worked for decades in trauma, addiction and recovery, including couples therapy where one or both of the partners are in recovery and/or struggling with addiction issues both substance and process (eg gambling, pornagraphy).
(757) 505-8054 View (757) 505-8054

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Robin Blackwell, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Robin Blackwell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Yancey Mills, VA 22932
Robin Blackwell is an LCSW. Robin has 15 years of experience working with adults and children seeking help with depression, anxiety, anger management, inability to focus, and life transitions. She completed both her Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) and her Master of Social Work (MSW) at Radford University.
Robin Blackwell is an LCSW. Robin has 15 years of experience working with adults and children seeking help with depression, anxiety, anger management, inability to focus, and life transitions. She completed both her Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) and her Master of Social Work (MSW) at Radford University.
(434) 577-6725 View (434) 577-6725
Photo of Jasmine Ricks, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jasmine Ricks
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Afton, VA 22920
My name is Jasmine Ricks, and I am a licensed Marriage & Family Therapist working with individuals in Virginia and Texas via telehealth. I work with adults specializing in relationships, self-worth, anxiety, stress, and transitions utlizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Acceptance Commitment Therapy, Solution Focused Brief Therapy and Family Systems to support clients. Some of the areas I help with include managing stress, coping with life transitions, communication, boundaries, acceptance, self worth, self love, self care, people pleasing, codependency, impostor syndrome, trauma, relationships challenges, work life stress, anxiety.
My name is Jasmine Ricks, and I am a licensed Marriage & Family Therapist working with individuals in Virginia and Texas via telehealth. I work with adults specializing in relationships, self-worth, anxiety, stress, and transitions utlizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Acceptance Commitment Therapy, Solution Focused Brief Therapy and Family Systems to support clients. Some of the areas I help with include managing stress, coping with life transitions, communication, boundaries, acceptance, self worth, self love, self care, people pleasing, codependency, impostor syndrome, trauma, relationships challenges, work life stress, anxiety.
(757) 586-4754 View (757) 586-4754
Photo of undefined - Blue Ridge Counseling Connection, LPC, ASDCS, CCTP, Licensed Professional Counselor
Blue Ridge Counseling Connection
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, ASDCS, CCTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Crozet, VA 22932
Afton has experience working with individuals in the areas of anxiety, depression, interpersonal conflict, trauma, grief/loss and life transitions. Afton believes that every person is fully capable of change, growth and healing. Her work focuses on empowering clients to recognize their inner strengths and cultivate healthy mindsets. Afton integrates elements of cognitive behavior therapy and solution focused therapy to aid clients in challenging negative thought processes, setting goals and envisioning their future selves. She also uses mindfulness as a way to help clients explore their present situation and find joy and peace.
Afton has experience working with individuals in the areas of anxiety, depression, interpersonal conflict, trauma, grief/loss and life transitions. Afton believes that every person is fully capable of change, growth and healing. Her work focuses on empowering clients to recognize their inner strengths and cultivate healthy mindsets. Afton integrates elements of cognitive behavior therapy and solution focused therapy to aid clients in challenging negative thought processes, setting goals and envisioning their future selves. She also uses mindfulness as a way to help clients explore their present situation and find joy and peace.
(540) 709-8984 View (540) 709-8984
Photo of Kamilla Schenck, MSW
Kamilla Schenck
Supervisee in Clinical Social Work, MSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Crozet, VA 22932
I am passionate about helping individuals on their healing journey, and believe we all have the capacity to heal. My role is to be your guide, build on your strengths, and help you expand your self-compassion. I have experience working with individuals who are struggling with issues such as life transitions, anxiety, depression, grief/loss, disconnection, stress, trauma, and relationship issues.
I am passionate about helping individuals on their healing journey, and believe we all have the capacity to heal. My role is to be your guide, build on your strengths, and help you expand your self-compassion. I have experience working with individuals who are struggling with issues such as life transitions, anxiety, depression, grief/loss, disconnection, stress, trauma, and relationship issues.
(434) 608-9395 View (434) 608-9395
Photo of Christine E. Buckingham, PhD, LCPC, LPC, NCC
Christine E. Buckingham
Licensed Clinical Professional Counselor, PhD, LCPC, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Crozet, VA 22932
If your life is not working as well as you believe it should and you are willing to investigate why, you are my ideal client. You may be angry, depressed, anxious, or using food to deal with emotional pain. You may be reeling from the effects of childhood issues, abuse, or PTSD, or in such turmoil that you don't know what is real anymore. You may just need a sounding board. You may be struggling with aspects of your identity, or looking for a way to heal from infidelity, trauma, grief, or loss. We will explore that together.
If your life is not working as well as you believe it should and you are willing to investigate why, you are my ideal client. You may be angry, depressed, anxious, or using food to deal with emotional pain. You may be reeling from the effects of childhood issues, abuse, or PTSD, or in such turmoil that you don't know what is real anymore. You may just need a sounding board. You may be struggling with aspects of your identity, or looking for a way to heal from infidelity, trauma, grief, or loss. We will explore that together.
(240) 392-1292 View (240) 392-1292
Photo of Jessica Moutenot-Small, MA, MFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Jessica Moutenot-Small
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Waynesboro, VA 22980
Through a holistic and integrative approach I support individuals and families to navigate the unique challenges that life has unfolded for them. Whether our work takes place in my office or out in nature, I help my clients identify, cultivate and nourish their strengths and resources. Through our work my clients deepen their connection to themselves, others and the natural world. As these connections grow I support my clients to uncover limiting patterns that inhibit their relationships, creativity and happiness so they can nourish new ways of moving and relating in the world that support authenticity, ease, and joy.
Through a holistic and integrative approach I support individuals and families to navigate the unique challenges that life has unfolded for them. Whether our work takes place in my office or out in nature, I help my clients identify, cultivate and nourish their strengths and resources. Through our work my clients deepen their connection to themselves, others and the natural world. As these connections grow I support my clients to uncover limiting patterns that inhibit their relationships, creativity and happiness so they can nourish new ways of moving and relating in the world that support authenticity, ease, and joy.
(434) 373-0878 View (434) 373-0878
Photo of Dr. Tammy Villines, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Tammy Villines
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Crozet, VA 22932
Dr. Villines is a licensed clinical psychologist with extensive experience working with child, adolescent, and adult populations. She provides individual, family, and couples therapy, as well as comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations. Dr. Villines further specializes in working with individuals and families who are legally involved. She specializes in working with complex family systems issues, often including divorce, child custody, domestic violence, and child abuse. She is experienced in working within the legal system and frequently provides expert testimony.
Dr. Villines is a licensed clinical psychologist with extensive experience working with child, adolescent, and adult populations. She provides individual, family, and couples therapy, as well as comprehensive neuropsychological evaluations. Dr. Villines further specializes in working with individuals and families who are legally involved. She specializes in working with complex family systems issues, often including divorce, child custody, domestic violence, and child abuse. She is experienced in working within the legal system and frequently provides expert testimony.
(540) 456-9612 View (540) 456-9612
Photo of Lori Calico, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Lori Calico
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Crozet, VA 22932  (Online Only)
I am licensed in California, Virginia, Idaho and Arizona. Do you long for connection, yet find relationships frustrating, challenging or even painful? Are you wondering why you feel numb when others seem alive? I assist clients in identifying patterns of relationship, trauma wounds, and thought processes that drive symptoms such as depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and destructive choices. If you are seeking to understand your suffering or dissatisfaction with life and relationships, I can provide help.
I am licensed in California, Virginia, Idaho and Arizona. Do you long for connection, yet find relationships frustrating, challenging or even painful? Are you wondering why you feel numb when others seem alive? I assist clients in identifying patterns of relationship, trauma wounds, and thought processes that drive symptoms such as depression, anxiety, low self-esteem and destructive choices. If you are seeking to understand your suffering or dissatisfaction with life and relationships, I can provide help.
(434) 533-1636 View (434) 533-1636
Photo of Christina Frank, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Christina Frank
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Crozet, VA 22932
Teletherapy/In-Person Available. I own and run a private practice in Fairfax, VA- Fairfax Integrative Therapy. Using a strengths-based approach, I help individuals and couples achieve their internal and relational goals. I incorporate attachment based models to help clients build self-awareness as they address issues related to marital conflict, infidelity, difficult life transitions, personal insecurities, anxiety, depression, and trauma. I create a safe space through empathy, patience, and curiosity, while providing each individual and couple concrete strategies and clear feedback that becomes the foundation for lasting change.
Teletherapy/In-Person Available. I own and run a private practice in Fairfax, VA- Fairfax Integrative Therapy. Using a strengths-based approach, I help individuals and couples achieve their internal and relational goals. I incorporate attachment based models to help clients build self-awareness as they address issues related to marital conflict, infidelity, difficult life transitions, personal insecurities, anxiety, depression, and trauma. I create a safe space through empathy, patience, and curiosity, while providing each individual and couple concrete strategies and clear feedback that becomes the foundation for lasting change.
(571) 339-0446 View (571) 339-0446
Photo of undefined - Hilker Marriage & Family Therapy, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Hilker Marriage & Family Therapy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Waynesboro, VA 22980
You've waited so long to take this step. It's time. You’re ready. Take that next step toward transforming yourself and/or your relationship.
You've waited so long to take this step. It's time. You’re ready. Take that next step toward transforming yourself and/or your relationship.
(540) 277-9381 View (540) 277-9381
Photo of undefined - Allied Transformations LLC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Allied Transformations LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Waynesboro, VA 22980
This is a safe, judgment free, environment. We offer counseling to those ready to take the next step in self discovery and fulfillment. We look at therapy as guidance to those that are or have struggled with life’s journey. This could be due to a difficult childhood, abuse, assault, grief, extreme disappointment, or just too many responsibilities. We are ready to meet you where you are on life’s journey, as you are. That includes in person or telehealth therapy. If you are ready to walk with us, schedule an appointment today!
This is a safe, judgment free, environment. We offer counseling to those ready to take the next step in self discovery and fulfillment. We look at therapy as guidance to those that are or have struggled with life’s journey. This could be due to a difficult childhood, abuse, assault, grief, extreme disappointment, or just too many responsibilities. We are ready to meet you where you are on life’s journey, as you are. That includes in person or telehealth therapy. If you are ready to walk with us, schedule an appointment today!
(540) 609-2570 View (540) 609-2570
Photo of Allison Splaun, PhD, Psychologist
Allison Splaun
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Crozet, VA 22932
Finding a therapist who you feel comfortable with and supported by is key to any successful therapy. I work to develop a strong, trusting relationship with every client and design a treatment that is tailored to your needs. I enjoy working with a wide range of people struggling with many different issues, including relationship problems, anxiety, depression, grief, reactions to trauma, and child and adolescent problems, among other difficulties.
Finding a therapist who you feel comfortable with and supported by is key to any successful therapy. I work to develop a strong, trusting relationship with every client and design a treatment that is tailored to your needs. I enjoy working with a wide range of people struggling with many different issues, including relationship problems, anxiety, depression, grief, reactions to trauma, and child and adolescent problems, among other difficulties.
(434) 270-8235 View (434) 270-8235
Photo of Barbara Groves, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Barbara Groves
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Crozet, VA 22932
As your therapist, I will guide you to recognize learned patterns of thinking, acting and feeling that may be creating suffering in your life. Together we will explore where and why you learned those patterns. Once fully understood, you will find the courage to transform those learned patterns into healthier ones. I will then guide you to practice these new and healthier patterns in the therapy room as well as in your life outside the therapy room. Once you transform old patterns of relating into healthier ones, you will feel lighter, more confident and happier.
As your therapist, I will guide you to recognize learned patterns of thinking, acting and feeling that may be creating suffering in your life. Together we will explore where and why you learned those patterns. Once fully understood, you will find the courage to transform those learned patterns into healthier ones. I will then guide you to practice these new and healthier patterns in the therapy room as well as in your life outside the therapy room. Once you transform old patterns of relating into healthier ones, you will feel lighter, more confident and happier.
(434) 602-2150 View (434) 602-2150
Photo of Rebecca Ginsberg, PhD, Psychologist
Rebecca Ginsberg
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Crozet, VA 22932  (Online Only)
Rebecca Ginsberg, Ph.D., is a Licensed Clinical Psychologist. She received her Ph.D. from the American University and completed her internship and post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Virginia's Counseling and Psychological Services. Dr. Ginsberg worked as a staff psychologist at the University of Virginia's Counseling Center following the completion of her post-doctoral fellowship. Dr. Ginsberg has worked in private practice since 2012.
Rebecca Ginsberg, Ph.D., is a Licensed Clinical Psychologist. She received her Ph.D. from the American University and completed her internship and post-doctoral fellowship at the University of Virginia's Counseling and Psychological Services. Dr. Ginsberg worked as a staff psychologist at the University of Virginia's Counseling Center following the completion of her post-doctoral fellowship. Dr. Ginsberg has worked in private practice since 2012.
(434) 231-2034 View (434) 231-2034
Photo of Cara Marinucci, LPC, FAMI, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cara Marinucci
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, FAMI
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Crozet, VA 22932
Waitlist for new clients
As a Licensed Professional Counselor for many years, I am continually inspired by the transformative moment that happens in the counseling process. There is a sacredness in being present to another as a guide on this journey we call life. Whether it is exploring inner resources for healing and growth or the possibilities for deep and lasting change, it is an honor to work with people that are desiring a better way to be themselves in the world. My own journey has taught me that being truly present and engaged allows space for the unknown to be revealed, acknowledged, and eventually integrated into the service of the whole self.
As a Licensed Professional Counselor for many years, I am continually inspired by the transformative moment that happens in the counseling process. There is a sacredness in being present to another as a guide on this journey we call life. Whether it is exploring inner resources for healing and growth or the possibilities for deep and lasting change, it is an honor to work with people that are desiring a better way to be themselves in the world. My own journey has taught me that being truly present and engaged allows space for the unknown to be revealed, acknowledged, and eventually integrated into the service of the whole self.
(434) 248-3114 View (434) 248-3114
Photo of Brittany Sullivan, MA, Pre-Licensed Professional
Brittany Sullivan
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Charlottesville, VA 22903
Hello! I am a Resident in Counseling under the supervision of Kathleen Van Allen, LPC dedicated to providing compassionate and effective therapy to individuals, couples, and families seeking support for a wide range of mental health concerns. I am dedicated to providing a client-centered approach to therapy that honors your unique experiences and empowers you on your journey towards healing and growth. My approach is grounded in the principles of client-centered therapy, which means that your needs, preferences, and goals are at the forefront of our work together.
Hello! I am a Resident in Counseling under the supervision of Kathleen Van Allen, LPC dedicated to providing compassionate and effective therapy to individuals, couples, and families seeking support for a wide range of mental health concerns. I am dedicated to providing a client-centered approach to therapy that honors your unique experiences and empowers you on your journey towards healing and growth. My approach is grounded in the principles of client-centered therapy, which means that your needs, preferences, and goals are at the forefront of our work together.
(540) 592-4782 View (540) 592-4782

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Greenwood, VA

< 10

Therapists in Greenwood, VA who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
75% Anxiety
75% Grief
75% Parenting
75% Other
75% Divorce

Average years in practice

40 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Greenwood, VA see their clients

100% Online Only

Gender breakdown

50% Female
50% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Greenwood?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.