Therapists in Carroll County, VA

Photo of Melissa Strickland-Hanks, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Melissa Strickland-Hanks
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LCMHC, CSAC
Verified Verified
Hillsville, VA 24343  (Online Only)
Do you struggle with learning how to cope with depression, anxiety, & panic attacks using Christian values and beliefs? Do you find it hard to balance all of your responsibilities as a wife/husband, mother/father, business owner/worker, & maintain your Christian morals? Are you searching for a Licensed Professional Counselor who specializes in Christian Counseling, Substance Abuse, and Women's Issues? Do you ever wonder if you set goals that are unrealistic or place too many demands on yourself? Do you want to regain a sense of control over your life & develop better coping skills? Could your self-care routine be improved?
Do you struggle with learning how to cope with depression, anxiety, & panic attacks using Christian values and beliefs? Do you find it hard to balance all of your responsibilities as a wife/husband, mother/father, business owner/worker, & maintain your Christian morals? Are you searching for a Licensed Professional Counselor who specializes in Christian Counseling, Substance Abuse, and Women's Issues? Do you ever wonder if you set goals that are unrealistic or place too many demands on yourself? Do you want to regain a sense of control over your life & develop better coping skills? Could your self-care routine be improved?
(276) 218-2278 View (276) 218-2278
Photo of LeAnn Pyles, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
LeAnn Pyles
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Hillsville, VA 24343  (Online Only)
Hello! I am LeAnn, and I am glad that you are taking the first steps in seeking support. My professional background includes working with clients struggling to manage depression, anxiety and the challenges life might provide. I will work alongside you to identify solutions to the issues at hand, along with developing coping skills to recognize periods of intense emotion, and to manage those emotions. I can also assist with developing an awareness of the effects trauma and previous experiences can have on current situations. I currently provide telehealth services. Feel free to call or email to set up a free consultation.
Hello! I am LeAnn, and I am glad that you are taking the first steps in seeking support. My professional background includes working with clients struggling to manage depression, anxiety and the challenges life might provide. I will work alongside you to identify solutions to the issues at hand, along with developing coping skills to recognize periods of intense emotion, and to manage those emotions. I can also assist with developing an awareness of the effects trauma and previous experiences can have on current situations. I currently provide telehealth services. Feel free to call or email to set up a free consultation.
(276) 618-3442 View (276) 618-3442

Online Therapists

Photo of Sierra Klotz, Pre-Licensed Professional in Carroll County, VA
Sierra Klotz
Pre-Licensed Professional, LPC
Verified Verified
Lynchburg, VA 24504
Sierra Klotz is a Licensed Professional Counselor with 5 years of experience working with children, adolescents, adults, and families in the community and office setting. Sierra has worked with clients through life transitions, anxiety, depression, and managing stress. She provides an accepting environment for clients to feel safe within the therapeutic relationship and utilizes an eclectic approach to therapy, understanding that each client is different in their needs and goals.
Sierra Klotz is a Licensed Professional Counselor with 5 years of experience working with children, adolescents, adults, and families in the community and office setting. Sierra has worked with clients through life transitions, anxiety, depression, and managing stress. She provides an accepting environment for clients to feel safe within the therapeutic relationship and utilizes an eclectic approach to therapy, understanding that each client is different in their needs and goals.
(434) 602-6239 View (434) 602-6239
Photo of Maureen Meagher, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Maureen Meagher
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Salem, VA 24153  (Online Only)
I am currently accepting new clients. I work with individual adults whose goals are to enhance the quality of their lives through counseling. I provide only telehealth counseling, which consists of both audio and visual communication in real time via either a client's computer or smart phone. Telehealth counseling provides access for people who are limited on time or do not want to travel to obtain counseling.
I am currently accepting new clients. I work with individual adults whose goals are to enhance the quality of their lives through counseling. I provide only telehealth counseling, which consists of both audio and visual communication in real time via either a client's computer or smart phone. Telehealth counseling provides access for people who are limited on time or do not want to travel to obtain counseling.
(540) 507-2517 View (540) 507-2517
Photo of Courtney S Brooks, Pre-Licensed Professional in Carroll County, VA
Courtney S Brooks
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Blacksburg, VA 24060
I view therapy from a holistic lens, encouraging clients to explore their holistic self (mental, spiritual, sexual, physical, etc.) and how those various pieces impact our view of self, the world, and our lived experiences. Finding meaning in experiences, as well as curating curiosity and compassion towards the self are inherent to my therapeutic process. To summarize my approach to treatment from Carl Rogers: "A person is a fluid process, not a fixed & static entity; a flowing river of change, not a block of solid material; a continually changing constellation of potentialities, not a fixed quantity of traits."
I view therapy from a holistic lens, encouraging clients to explore their holistic self (mental, spiritual, sexual, physical, etc.) and how those various pieces impact our view of self, the world, and our lived experiences. Finding meaning in experiences, as well as curating curiosity and compassion towards the self are inherent to my therapeutic process. To summarize my approach to treatment from Carl Rogers: "A person is a fluid process, not a fixed & static entity; a flowing river of change, not a block of solid material; a continually changing constellation of potentialities, not a fixed quantity of traits."
(540) 584-1219 View (540) 584-1219
Photo of Jennifer Estep, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Jennifer Estep
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MEd, QMHP-A
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Galax, VA 24333
Do you feel misunderstood, unheard, or unappreciated by others? Have difficulty forming relationships and seeing your own unique value as a human? If you are ready to go on the journey to personal growth to re-write these negative stories in your mind; I will provide you a safe and judgement free space to work through these challenges. My therapeutic approach is integrative; I do not believe that humans are intended to fit into a therapeutic mold, therapy should instead be tailored to meet the individual need.
Do you feel misunderstood, unheard, or unappreciated by others? Have difficulty forming relationships and seeing your own unique value as a human? If you are ready to go on the journey to personal growth to re-write these negative stories in your mind; I will provide you a safe and judgement free space to work through these challenges. My therapeutic approach is integrative; I do not believe that humans are intended to fit into a therapeutic mold, therapy should instead be tailored to meet the individual need.
(276) 859-4499 View (276) 859-4499
Photo of Three Valley Wellness LLC, Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Three Valley Wellness LLC
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Roanoke, VA 24015
Immediate openings for neurofeedback! A short wait for psychotherapy. I am a trauma-focused therapist who is ready to do the deeper work to clean out what gets in your way of having an easier life. My philosophy is to find the root cause of the problem and work on that instead of staying on the surface. I am ready to go deep. Are you feeling like something is wrong or holding you back, but you don’t know what it is? Are you aware of your past traumas and are ready to work on them? You might be surprised how much trauma is responsible for how we feel about ourselves and how we live our lives.
Immediate openings for neurofeedback! A short wait for psychotherapy. I am a trauma-focused therapist who is ready to do the deeper work to clean out what gets in your way of having an easier life. My philosophy is to find the root cause of the problem and work on that instead of staying on the surface. I am ready to go deep. Are you feeling like something is wrong or holding you back, but you don’t know what it is? Are you aware of your past traumas and are ready to work on them? You might be surprised how much trauma is responsible for how we feel about ourselves and how we live our lives.
(540) 202-1436 View (540) 202-1436
Photo of Jesse Byers, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Jesse Byers
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Lynchburg, VA 24504
Jesse Byers is an LPC in the state of Virginia. The client-centered and cognitive approach that Jesse uses has shown to be helpful for clients who are facing issues such as, anxiety, depression, stress, grief, addiction, relationship conflicts, infidelity, men's issues, impulse control, life changes, and premarital counseling. Jesse maintains that people are multifaceted and that spiritual, physical, physiological, emotional, and historical factors can play a role in whether we are living healthy, fulfilling lives.
Jesse Byers is an LPC in the state of Virginia. The client-centered and cognitive approach that Jesse uses has shown to be helpful for clients who are facing issues such as, anxiety, depression, stress, grief, addiction, relationship conflicts, infidelity, men's issues, impulse control, life changes, and premarital counseling. Jesse maintains that people are multifaceted and that spiritual, physical, physiological, emotional, and historical factors can play a role in whether we are living healthy, fulfilling lives.
(434) 623-5784 View (434) 623-5784
Photo of Irene Hyemin Park, Pre-Licensed Professional in Carroll County, VA
Irene Hyemin Park
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Lynchburg, VA 24502
Irene respects and values each individual’s uniqueness and believes you are the experts in your own life. She wants to help you identify personal values and strengths so that you can live those values and reach your full potential in confronting problems. She understands it can be difficult to be vulnerable and share yourselves, but she is ready to walk with you through your vulnerable moments with support and clinical guidance. She looks forward to helping you grow by taking risks of change.
Irene respects and values each individual’s uniqueness and believes you are the experts in your own life. She wants to help you identify personal values and strengths so that you can live those values and reach your full potential in confronting problems. She understands it can be difficult to be vulnerable and share yourselves, but she is ready to walk with you through your vulnerable moments with support and clinical guidance. She looks forward to helping you grow by taking risks of change.
(434) 830-5853 View (434) 830-5853
Photo of Avis Augustine-Miller, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Avis Augustine-Miller
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LMHC, NCC, CCMHC
Verified Verified
Lynchburg, VA 24502  (Online Only)
The goal of every client who comes to treatment is to resolve the existing crisis or trauma, manage anxiety, reduce depressive and other symptoms, and return to a state of being that better reflects their optimal functioning. Clients who come to therapy are arguably the best suited to tell us what their needs are and where the gap exists between their needs and goals for their best life. Living with grief, loss, anxiety, PTSD, psych ache, relationship distress, trauma (including racial trauma), rejection, and mood disorders takes a toll, not only on everyday functioning but also on self-esteem, self-efficacy and self-care.
The goal of every client who comes to treatment is to resolve the existing crisis or trauma, manage anxiety, reduce depressive and other symptoms, and return to a state of being that better reflects their optimal functioning. Clients who come to therapy are arguably the best suited to tell us what their needs are and where the gap exists between their needs and goals for their best life. Living with grief, loss, anxiety, PTSD, psych ache, relationship distress, trauma (including racial trauma), rejection, and mood disorders takes a toll, not only on everyday functioning but also on self-esteem, self-efficacy and self-care.
(434) 226-5480 View (434) 226-5480
Photo of Maham Nasir, Pre-Licensed Professional in Carroll County, VA
Maham Nasir
Pre-Licensed Professional, MFT
Verified Verified
Cave Spring, VA 24018  (Online Only)
My work is centered around helping families, couples, and individuals nurture their relationships, break unhealthy behavioral cycles, and work through their struggles. I focus on trauma, family and relationship history, and I help my clients uncover new levels of self awareness. I have experience working with individuals who carry a variety of hardships ranging from depression, to anxiety, anger management, bipolar disorder, low self-esteem, minorities/immigrants struggling with identity confusion, individuals suffering with eating disorders, and more.
My work is centered around helping families, couples, and individuals nurture their relationships, break unhealthy behavioral cycles, and work through their struggles. I focus on trauma, family and relationship history, and I help my clients uncover new levels of self awareness. I have experience working with individuals who carry a variety of hardships ranging from depression, to anxiety, anger management, bipolar disorder, low self-esteem, minorities/immigrants struggling with identity confusion, individuals suffering with eating disorders, and more.
(678) 981-9990 View (678) 981-9990
Photo of Ivan Resto, Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Ivan Resto
Counselor, MA , LPC, CMHC
Verified Verified
Lynchburg, VA 24502  (Online Only)
We strive to provide individuals with the highest quality of care. Through compassion, knowledge, and respect, we work to encourage personal growth and development. Whether struggling with anxiety, low self-esteem, trauma, or any number of other difficulties, it is our goal to help you and your family in achieving your goals and improving your quality of life. At some point in our lives, we all will need assistance and someone with whom to talk. We are here to assist you on your journey toward a happier and healthier future.
We strive to provide individuals with the highest quality of care. Through compassion, knowledge, and respect, we work to encourage personal growth and development. Whether struggling with anxiety, low self-esteem, trauma, or any number of other difficulties, it is our goal to help you and your family in achieving your goals and improving your quality of life. At some point in our lives, we all will need assistance and someone with whom to talk. We are here to assist you on your journey toward a happier and healthier future.
(434) 595-3136 View (434) 595-3136
Photo of Kelley Ott, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Kelley Ott
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Roanoke, VA 24015
What would life be like if you could spend more time doing what really matters instead of just making it through the day and surviving? Have you experienced hard things in your past that still affect you today, and you wish that would change? Do you feel that sharp twinge in your chest when you think about just how far away you are from the relationships you want? If you have ever struggled with motivation, meaning, a difficult childhood, or a relationship that has lost its fire and hope, you understand how painful and gray the world can be when life isn't working.
What would life be like if you could spend more time doing what really matters instead of just making it through the day and surviving? Have you experienced hard things in your past that still affect you today, and you wish that would change? Do you feel that sharp twinge in your chest when you think about just how far away you are from the relationships you want? If you have ever struggled with motivation, meaning, a difficult childhood, or a relationship that has lost its fire and hope, you understand how painful and gray the world can be when life isn't working.
(540) 210-1529 View (540) 210-1529
Photo of Catherine (Catie) Cotter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carroll County, VA
Catherine (Catie) Cotter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Abingdon, VA 24210
Catie Cotter holds a license in clinical social work in the state of Virginia. She received her Master of Social Work from Radford University, and Bachelor of Social Work from King University. Catie enjoys working with children, adolescents, and adults. Catie has experience working with clients experiencing depression, anxiety, ADHD, trauma, and grief, as well as substance abuse issues (both individually and in group setting). Catie has a special interest in working with trauma related issues and often utilizes EMDR (eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) to assist with this. Catie uses an integrative therapeutic approach
Catie Cotter holds a license in clinical social work in the state of Virginia. She received her Master of Social Work from Radford University, and Bachelor of Social Work from King University. Catie enjoys working with children, adolescents, and adults. Catie has experience working with clients experiencing depression, anxiety, ADHD, trauma, and grief, as well as substance abuse issues (both individually and in group setting). Catie has a special interest in working with trauma related issues and often utilizes EMDR (eye movement desensitization and reprocessing) to assist with this. Catie uses an integrative therapeutic approach
(855) 296-4378 View (855) 296-4378
Photo of LaPetra Whigham, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Carroll County, VA
LaPetra Whigham
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lynchburg, VA 24501
LaPetra Whigham is a liscened clinical social worker with 18 yrs of experience in mental health and integrative healthcare. She is a highly skilled and compassionate therapist who works with individuals with issues ranging from trauma, depression, anxiety, adjustment issues, emotional eating, psuedoseizures and women issues.
LaPetra Whigham is a liscened clinical social worker with 18 yrs of experience in mental health and integrative healthcare. She is a highly skilled and compassionate therapist who works with individuals with issues ranging from trauma, depression, anxiety, adjustment issues, emotional eating, psuedoseizures and women issues.
(434) 433-8089 View (434) 433-8089
Photo of Emily Wingfield, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Emily Wingfield
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Forest, VA 24551
Imagine a space where you feel heard, seen, and safe. A place to unload all of your anxiety, stress, and fears. Therapy is meant to be a place to be wholly yourself and to explore the most difficult aspects of your life. My goal is to help you find solutions and to empower you to live life to the fullest. I seek to empower clients to take charge of their own stories in an environment that is confidential and comfortable.
Imagine a space where you feel heard, seen, and safe. A place to unload all of your anxiety, stress, and fears. Therapy is meant to be a place to be wholly yourself and to explore the most difficult aspects of your life. My goal is to help you find solutions and to empower you to live life to the fullest. I seek to empower clients to take charge of their own stories in an environment that is confidential and comfortable.
(434) 252-3617 x120 View (434) 252-3617 x120
Photo of Ashly Bradley, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Ashly Bradley
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Lynchburg, VA 24504
Ashly Bradley is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in the state of Virginia who has over 10 years of experience working with children, adolescents, and families in a variety of settings. Ashly has primarily provided services in school-based therapeutic programs to include therapeutic day treatment, school-based outpatient, group therapy, and individual therapy to provide support for ADHD, depression, anxiety, trauma, grief/loss, and life stressors.
Ashly Bradley is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) in the state of Virginia who has over 10 years of experience working with children, adolescents, and families in a variety of settings. Ashly has primarily provided services in school-based therapeutic programs to include therapeutic day treatment, school-based outpatient, group therapy, and individual therapy to provide support for ADHD, depression, anxiety, trauma, grief/loss, and life stressors.
(434) 577-8236 View (434) 577-8236
Photo of Laura Wilcoxen, Resident in Counseling in Carroll County, VA
Laura Wilcoxen
Resident in Counseling
Verified Verified
Lynchburg, VA 24502
Deciding to embark on therapy requires both bravery and vulnerability, and as a counselor, I consider it a privilege to witness and support individuals through their pain while nurturing hope for their recovery and personal development. My counseling methodology emphasizes fostering a secure and non-judgmental environment where clients can freely explore their emotions and thoughts. I employ a collaborative approach rooted in identifying and harnessing personal strengths to empower clients in navigating life's challenges.
Deciding to embark on therapy requires both bravery and vulnerability, and as a counselor, I consider it a privilege to witness and support individuals through their pain while nurturing hope for their recovery and personal development. My counseling methodology emphasizes fostering a secure and non-judgmental environment where clients can freely explore their emotions and thoughts. I employ a collaborative approach rooted in identifying and harnessing personal strengths to empower clients in navigating life's challenges.
(434) 608-8665 View (434) 608-8665
Photo of Sarah Kate E Valatka, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Sarah Kate E Valatka
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, CEDS
Verified Verified
Blacksburg, VA 24060
I'm glad you are here. Life is hard enough with out beating yourself up and telling yourself you suck as a person, friend, partner, parent, child, employee, and on, and on. It's important to find space to give your mind a break from the negative chatter you use to push yourself forward but only holds you back. You have worth. All those to do lists can wait. Start finding moments of peace and connection to others. Take some time to be in the moment and enjoy the right now.
I'm glad you are here. Life is hard enough with out beating yourself up and telling yourself you suck as a person, friend, partner, parent, child, employee, and on, and on. It's important to find space to give your mind a break from the negative chatter you use to push yourself forward but only holds you back. You have worth. All those to do lists can wait. Start finding moments of peace and connection to others. Take some time to be in the moment and enjoy the right now.
(540) 253-1670 View (540) 253-1670
Photo of Mainstream Mental Health Services, Licensed Professional Counselor in Carroll County, VA
Mainstream Mental Health Services
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
Roanoke, VA 24016
Do worries impact your ability to focus on what matters most? Has life got you down and you’re not sure why? Maybe you do know why, but you don’t feel comfortable sharing with family and friends? Are you facing relationship challenges or maybe you're struggling with loving yourself? Mainstream Mental Health Services believes in providing goal-directed, person-centered counseling to individuals seeking support with life’s challenges. It is our mission to support our clients to develop the skills, understanding and overall ability to manage their mind and enhance their quality of life.
Do worries impact your ability to focus on what matters most? Has life got you down and you’re not sure why? Maybe you do know why, but you don’t feel comfortable sharing with family and friends? Are you facing relationship challenges or maybe you're struggling with loving yourself? Mainstream Mental Health Services believes in providing goal-directed, person-centered counseling to individuals seeking support with life’s challenges. It is our mission to support our clients to develop the skills, understanding and overall ability to manage their mind and enhance their quality of life.
(540) 966-5808 View (540) 966-5808

See more therapy options for Carroll County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Carroll County, VA

< 10

Therapists in Carroll County, VA who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Coping Skills
100% Self Esteem
100% Stress
50% Addiction
50% Infertility

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Cigna and Evernorth
100% Magellan

How Therapists in Carroll County, VA see their clients

100% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Carroll County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.