Therapists in Arlington County, VA

Photo of Silver Lake Psychology--Virginia, Psychologist in Arlington County, VA
Silver Lake Psychology--Virginia
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22201
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience. We are a collective of therapists with a wide range of specialties. Our intake professionals will help connect you with the right therapist for your needs. We make appointments easy, offering evenings and weekends and flexibility for creative professionals who can't make the same time each week.
Learn how to feel more connected to yourself, others and the world around you. Therapy provides all the elements of intimacy: honest communication, vulnerability and trust. Good therapy is challenging yet warm, providing both structure and empathy for your unique experience. We are a collective of therapists with a wide range of specialties. Our intake professionals will help connect you with the right therapist for your needs. We make appointments easy, offering evenings and weekends and flexibility for creative professionals who can't make the same time each week.
(703) 782-4403 View (703) 782-4403
Photo of Dr. Mirian A Campos, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arlington County, VA
Dr. Mirian A Campos
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdD, LPC, NCC, CN-BA
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22201  (Online Only)
I work from a wellness model and believe anyone can benefit from counseling. I work to provide a safe environment where my clients feel supported and heard. Counseling has not, and still isn't always accepted in many communities, so making the decision to come to counseling with the fear of "el que diran" (what will they say) can be difficult. I will do my best to guide you in your journey to understand how therapy can help you. I also have over 9 years of experience working with individuals who have been affected by cancer, and know it can be difficult to find someone to talk to who is knowledgeable on the topic.
I work from a wellness model and believe anyone can benefit from counseling. I work to provide a safe environment where my clients feel supported and heard. Counseling has not, and still isn't always accepted in many communities, so making the decision to come to counseling with the fear of "el que diran" (what will they say) can be difficult. I will do my best to guide you in your journey to understand how therapy can help you. I also have over 9 years of experience working with individuals who have been affected by cancer, and know it can be difficult to find someone to talk to who is knowledgeable on the topic.
(571) 470-6360 View (571) 470-6360
Derwin Harris
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, EdD, LCSW, CSAC
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22203
Derwin D. Harris, Ed.D, LCSW, CSAC is a License Clinical Social Worker who specializes in mental health and substance abuse intervention that assist client experiencing co-occurring issues. My philosophy is to meet the client where he/she is and allow the individual to explore the direction he/she wants to go. Over the years, I have found that the client centered approach has proven to be effective by allowing the client to take ownership of his/her issue and to determine how it should be resolved. Solution Focused Therapy supports this model and identify the strengths that a person already possess.
Derwin D. Harris, Ed.D, LCSW, CSAC is a License Clinical Social Worker who specializes in mental health and substance abuse intervention that assist client experiencing co-occurring issues. My philosophy is to meet the client where he/she is and allow the individual to explore the direction he/she wants to go. Over the years, I have found that the client centered approach has proven to be effective by allowing the client to take ownership of his/her issue and to determine how it should be resolved. Solution Focused Therapy supports this model and identify the strengths that a person already possess.
(703) 783-4040 View (703) 783-4040
Photo of Candace Ford, Pre-Licensed Professional in Arlington County, VA
Candace Ford
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, CMH, LPC-R
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 20301  (Online Only)
I provide counseling services to adolescents, adults, and couples. I see people for individual, family, and couples counseling. I also provide grief and substance abuse group counseling. My services for individuals address anxiety, depression; bipolar disorder; trauma, grief; and substance abuse.
I provide counseling services to adolescents, adults, and couples. I see people for individual, family, and couples counseling. I also provide grief and substance abuse group counseling. My services for individuals address anxiety, depression; bipolar disorder; trauma, grief; and substance abuse.
View
Photo of Mark F. Yapelli, Psychologist in Arlington County, VA
Mark F. Yapelli
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Arlington, VA 22209
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who provides therapy for adults and adolescents. I help many different types of people with many different types of problems. But, for most people, my overarching goal is to help them learn to live life as authentically as possible. We all learned strategies for coping with pain when we were younger, and even classic psychological "problems" are typically rooted in doing the best we can to cope with struggles. But these strategies (eg worrying, perfectionism, avoidance, numbness, 'toughness,') can also keep us from getting what we want as we get older, and don't allow our true self to flourish.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist who provides therapy for adults and adolescents. I help many different types of people with many different types of problems. But, for most people, my overarching goal is to help them learn to live life as authentically as possible. We all learned strategies for coping with pain when we were younger, and even classic psychological "problems" are typically rooted in doing the best we can to cope with struggles. But these strategies (eg worrying, perfectionism, avoidance, numbness, 'toughness,') can also keep us from getting what we want as we get older, and don't allow our true self to flourish.
(703) 596-1924 View (703) 596-1924
Photo of Sam Lashley, Psychologist in Arlington County, VA
Sam Lashley
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, VA 22209
My practice is designed to help people who are dissatisfied with the circumstances of their lives and believe that things can be different. Working with individuals, couples, and families, I guide my clients through an exploration of their unique life context as well as the current behavior patterns that are impediments to a healthy productive life. I encourage my clients to accept themselves and others, while offering strategies for altering behavior and challenging old assumptions that are no longer adaptive. By embracing acceptance and change, clients can find more meaningful and satisfying ways to experience themselves and their interpersonal relationships.
My practice is designed to help people who are dissatisfied with the circumstances of their lives and believe that things can be different. Working with individuals, couples, and families, I guide my clients through an exploration of their unique life context as well as the current behavior patterns that are impediments to a healthy productive life. I encourage my clients to accept themselves and others, while offering strategies for altering behavior and challenging old assumptions that are no longer adaptive. By embracing acceptance and change, clients can find more meaningful and satisfying ways to experience themselves and their interpersonal relationships.
(703) 662-1972 View (703) 662-1972
Photo of Nancy W Nollen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington County, VA
Nancy W Nollen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22207
Working with individual adults and couples in an integrative, supportive and collaborative way, I help clients gain appreciation for their strengths and an enhanced sense of self. Using a warm, interactive style based on mutual respect, the client and I identify and modify patterns that may be blocks to achieving the cllient's greatest potential. We consider early life experiences that may be contributing to the current concerns. With 25 years experience in a variety of treatment settings including hospital, EAP and private practice, I offer a safe environment for exploring and working toward goals that will lead to a fuller and more satisfying life.
Working with individual adults and couples in an integrative, supportive and collaborative way, I help clients gain appreciation for their strengths and an enhanced sense of self. Using a warm, interactive style based on mutual respect, the client and I identify and modify patterns that may be blocks to achieving the cllient's greatest potential. We consider early life experiences that may be contributing to the current concerns. With 25 years experience in a variety of treatment settings including hospital, EAP and private practice, I offer a safe environment for exploring and working toward goals that will lead to a fuller and more satisfying life.
(202) 759-8048 View (202) 759-8048
Photo of Dr. Renée Gallo, Psychologist in Arlington County, VA
Dr. Renée Gallo
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22209
Not accepting new clients
Managing the tumultuous times of late childhood and adolescence is not easy. Your child or teen may be trying to figure out who they are, who they want to be, or even just how to get through each day. All of this is even more challenging if they are struggling with anxiety, OCD, or trauma. I am here to help build important skills to manage difficult feelings and experiences and be a partner in having hard but important conversations. I see therapy as a way of having a better understanding of oneself, learning strategies for new ways of thinking and acting, and developing and working toward meaningful goals.
Managing the tumultuous times of late childhood and adolescence is not easy. Your child or teen may be trying to figure out who they are, who they want to be, or even just how to get through each day. All of this is even more challenging if they are struggling with anxiety, OCD, or trauma. I am here to help build important skills to manage difficult feelings and experiences and be a partner in having hard but important conversations. I see therapy as a way of having a better understanding of oneself, learning strategies for new ways of thinking and acting, and developing and working toward meaningful goals.
(571) 470-5560 View (571) 470-5560
Photo of Cathy Bottrell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington County, VA
Cathy Bottrell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22201  (Online Only)
There are so many changes in your life - both big and small - that can bring about feelings of anxiety, depression and loss. Navigating these changes can feel so overwhelming at times, sometimes beyond what you might feel capable of holding on your own. You may be in uncharted territory and wonder about the uncertainty of the road ahead. You are looking for ways to process past experiences, cope with the present, and manage future challenges. I offer a space to express the thoughts and feelings you might not feel comfortable sharing with friends and family. I work from a compassion-focused, strengths-based approach.
There are so many changes in your life - both big and small - that can bring about feelings of anxiety, depression and loss. Navigating these changes can feel so overwhelming at times, sometimes beyond what you might feel capable of holding on your own. You may be in uncharted territory and wonder about the uncertainty of the road ahead. You are looking for ways to process past experiences, cope with the present, and manage future challenges. I offer a space to express the thoughts and feelings you might not feel comfortable sharing with friends and family. I work from a compassion-focused, strengths-based approach.
(571) 771-1442 View (571) 771-1442
Photo of Regina Rivera, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arlington County, VA
Regina Rivera
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22201  (Online Only)
You deserve a safe, supportive, and encouraging environment to share, explore and make progress. As your counselor, I will work diligently to meet you exactly where you are, help you feel comfortable and have a non-judgmental counseling space. You should feel validated, supported and empowered during your journey in counseling.
You deserve a safe, supportive, and encouraging environment to share, explore and make progress. As your counselor, I will work diligently to meet you exactly where you are, help you feel comfortable and have a non-judgmental counseling space. You should feel validated, supported and empowered during your journey in counseling.
(703) 293-5410 View (703) 293-5410
Photo of Elizabeth (Puma) Cornick, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington County, VA
Elizabeth (Puma) Cornick
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22209
I have been a practicing psychotherapist in the metropolitan area for the past 25 years. I received my B.A. from the University of Virginia and MSW from Catholic University. Emotional distress, as uncomfortable as it is, represents not only an opportunity to heal, but a chance to grow. It can be a chance to discover how to be effective at reaching one's objectives and achieving fulfillment, whether it be emotional, relational, or professional. My aim is to assist in this process.
I have been a practicing psychotherapist in the metropolitan area for the past 25 years. I received my B.A. from the University of Virginia and MSW from Catholic University. Emotional distress, as uncomfortable as it is, represents not only an opportunity to heal, but a chance to grow. It can be a chance to discover how to be effective at reaching one's objectives and achieving fulfillment, whether it be emotional, relational, or professional. My aim is to assist in this process.
(703) 662-1961 View (703) 662-1961
Photo of Shabria Mayne, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arlington County, VA
Shabria Mayne
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Arlington, VA 22209
I am accepting new patients. Are you seeking support through a difficult season or need help gaining clarity in an area of your life? Do you have a teen who struggles with self-acceptance or the burdens of adolescence? My goal is to provide a safe and supportive space to allow for honest discussion about your concerns, struggles, and personal conflicts, hopes for your future, goals, and all other considerations pertaining to life.
I am accepting new patients. Are you seeking support through a difficult season or need help gaining clarity in an area of your life? Do you have a teen who struggles with self-acceptance or the burdens of adolescence? My goal is to provide a safe and supportive space to allow for honest discussion about your concerns, struggles, and personal conflicts, hopes for your future, goals, and all other considerations pertaining to life.
(571) 989-6784 View (571) 989-6784
Photo of Jacqueline Corcoran, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arlington County, VA
Jacqueline Corcoran
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22201
I have 25 years of clinical practice and have written 18 books in my field. I am also a professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy and Practice. I am an experienced cognitive-behavioral therapist for depression, anxiety, trauma, and insomnia.
I have 25 years of clinical practice and have written 18 books in my field. I am also a professor at the University of Pennsylvania School of Social Policy and Practice. I am an experienced cognitive-behavioral therapist for depression, anxiety, trauma, and insomnia.
(571) 297-1822 View (571) 297-1822
Photo of Dr. Angela Cano Sampson, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arlington County, VA
Dr. Angela Cano Sampson
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, , LPC, NCC, CSC
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22209  (Online Only)
At Evolución, we believe that our journeys in life can leave us all feeling challenged and alone and from time to time it can feel unmanageable. Our hopes at Evolución are to provide support and encouragement for individuals, couples, and families along the path. Our goal at Evolución is your space to discover and EVOLVE without judgment. It is your space in this world to be inspired, supported, and motivated to help you heal, restore and recharge in whatever way you desire. I work with clients as they work their way through social, emotional, identity, and relationship issues that they are faced with in their life journey.
At Evolución, we believe that our journeys in life can leave us all feeling challenged and alone and from time to time it can feel unmanageable. Our hopes at Evolución are to provide support and encouragement for individuals, couples, and families along the path. Our goal at Evolución is your space to discover and EVOLVE without judgment. It is your space in this world to be inspired, supported, and motivated to help you heal, restore and recharge in whatever way you desire. I work with clients as they work their way through social, emotional, identity, and relationship issues that they are faced with in their life journey.
(571) 520-4376 View (571) 520-4376
Photo of The Counseling Center of Virginia , Licensed Professional Counselor in Arlington County, VA
The Counseling Center of Virginia
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCSW
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22209
The Counseling Center of Virginia is a team of therapists who are dedicated to helping people live fulfilling lives. Our focus is on providing relatively short-term therapy treatments that use structured, evidence-based methods to achieve positive, long-lasting results. We believe in helping individuals, couples, and families make life-enhancing changes and transitions, and are committed to doing so in a way that embraces diversity, equity, and inclusion.
The Counseling Center of Virginia is a team of therapists who are dedicated to helping people live fulfilling lives. Our focus is on providing relatively short-term therapy treatments that use structured, evidence-based methods to achieve positive, long-lasting results. We believe in helping individuals, couples, and families make life-enhancing changes and transitions, and are committed to doing so in a way that embraces diversity, equity, and inclusion.
(571) 556-8143 View (571) 556-8143
Photo of Deborah Richardson, Marriage & Family Therapist in Arlington County, VA
Deborah Richardson
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22201  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over 30 years of experience working with Families and Individuals using what I learned in the beginning while continuing to grow by adding new and exciting theories and techniques along the way. I believe that, at some point, in all of our lives we need someone to listen without judgment and ask the right questions to help us make the changes we want to see in our lives. These can include coping with depression, anxiety, and traumas and the effect they continue to have in your present-day life along with new struggles that develop. I use a person-centered approach along with fun.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist with over 30 years of experience working with Families and Individuals using what I learned in the beginning while continuing to grow by adding new and exciting theories and techniques along the way. I believe that, at some point, in all of our lives we need someone to listen without judgment and ask the right questions to help us make the changes we want to see in our lives. These can include coping with depression, anxiety, and traumas and the effect they continue to have in your present-day life along with new struggles that develop. I use a person-centered approach along with fun.
(703) 546-9176 View (703) 546-9176
Photo of Damon J. Murphy Psy.d., Psychologist in Arlington County, VA
Damon J. Murphy Psy.d.
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22209  (Online Only)
I am a licensed clinical psychologist providing care for individuals seeking change in a growth-enhancing direction. Whether you are struggling with depression, anxiety, identity issues, or just the stress of everyday life, my practice is designed to work with you. Therapy can be a difficult experience for some individuals and therefore its important that I provide a safe, empathic, and collaborative relationship to facilitate the therapeutic work we do together. My major goal is to increase insight and action in clients using various modalities to deepen self-understanding and a shift in thinking, feeling, and behavior.
I am a licensed clinical psychologist providing care for individuals seeking change in a growth-enhancing direction. Whether you are struggling with depression, anxiety, identity issues, or just the stress of everyday life, my practice is designed to work with you. Therapy can be a difficult experience for some individuals and therefore its important that I provide a safe, empathic, and collaborative relationship to facilitate the therapeutic work we do together. My major goal is to increase insight and action in clients using various modalities to deepen self-understanding and a shift in thinking, feeling, and behavior.
(703) 854-9223 View (703) 854-9223
Photo of Barbara Folcini, Pre-Licensed Professional in Arlington County, VA
Barbara Folcini
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Arlington, VA 22209  (Online Only)
Life is a journey where we are not alone. Family, friends, and acquaintances play a key role at different moments. Communication is key to identifying our challenges and opportunities and I speak your language. I am committed to understanding what you are going through and jointly designing a plan that is suited to your needs. As we go through life we face changes and there are phases that may prove challenging for us. Going to college, having a child, moving, marriage, divorce, career changes, etc. Are you feeling overwhelmed? Talking will help.
Life is a journey where we are not alone. Family, friends, and acquaintances play a key role at different moments. Communication is key to identifying our challenges and opportunities and I speak your language. I am committed to understanding what you are going through and jointly designing a plan that is suited to your needs. As we go through life we face changes and there are phases that may prove challenging for us. Going to college, having a child, moving, marriage, divorce, career changes, etc. Are you feeling overwhelmed? Talking will help.
(954) 696-4012 View (954) 696-4012
Photo of Kate E Salmon, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arlington County, VA
Kate E Salmon
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22201  (Online Only)
Welcome! If you are looking for a new way of living because your way no longer serves you, you have come to the right place. I have a passion for working with those struggling with a substance abuse addiction. In addition, I work with clients (ages 16+) who are lacking the coping skills necessary to battle their anxiety and depression. If you choose to seek my services, we will work together to create more sustainable ways of coping, and thus, a happier life.
Welcome! If you are looking for a new way of living because your way no longer serves you, you have come to the right place. I have a passion for working with those struggling with a substance abuse addiction. In addition, I work with clients (ages 16+) who are lacking the coping skills necessary to battle their anxiety and depression. If you choose to seek my services, we will work together to create more sustainable ways of coping, and thus, a happier life.
(571) 380-7390 View (571) 380-7390
Photo of Jeffrey Ly | Porn Addiction Relationship in Arlington County, VA
Jeffrey Ly | Porn Addiction Relationship
MA, LPHA, AMFT
Verified Verified
Arlington, VA 22201  (Online Only)
Pornography addiction can significantly impact your life and relationships but there is hope for recovery. I’m not just a mental health professional, I’ve been “you” for many years. I understand firsthand the personal struggles in your life and committed relationships that come with uncontrollable pornography use. The endless stream of attractive women a few clicks away on Pornhub, Onlyfan or Social Media is hard to quit even with all your willpower and promise to quit for the sake of your relationship.
Pornography addiction can significantly impact your life and relationships but there is hope for recovery. I’m not just a mental health professional, I’ve been “you” for many years. I understand firsthand the personal struggles in your life and committed relationships that come with uncontrollable pornography use. The endless stream of attractive women a few clicks away on Pornhub, Onlyfan or Social Media is hard to quit even with all your willpower and promise to quit for the sake of your relationship.
(703) 420-4961 View (703) 420-4961

See more therapy options for Arlington County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Arlington County, VA

1,000+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Arlington County, VA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
91% Depression
77% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills
65% Stress

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

68% BlueCross and BlueShield
60% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
59% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Arlington County, VA see their clients

54% In Person and Online
46% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Arlington County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.