Therapists in The Woodlands, TX

Photo of Lindsay Dornier Live Oak Counseling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in The Woodlands, TX
Lindsay Dornier Live Oak Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
The Woodlands, TX 77380
Do you feel overwhelmed and have difficulty managing your emotions? Is it affecting your relationships, ability to parent, your work? Do you feel paralyzed with anxiety, unable to make decisions to move forward in a productive way? Are you lacking the motivation to do the work and need accountability? You may be experiencing a life transition that is challenging existing habits and relationship dynamics. When these emotions aren't properly identified and processed, it can lead to anxiety, anger and depression. The courage to heal will lead you to the other side of life's challenges and will bring emotional growth and resiliency!
Do you feel overwhelmed and have difficulty managing your emotions? Is it affecting your relationships, ability to parent, your work? Do you feel paralyzed with anxiety, unable to make decisions to move forward in a productive way? Are you lacking the motivation to do the work and need accountability? You may be experiencing a life transition that is challenging existing habits and relationship dynamics. When these emotions aren't properly identified and processed, it can lead to anxiety, anger and depression. The courage to heal will lead you to the other side of life's challenges and will bring emotional growth and resiliency!
(936) 939-6462 View (936) 939-6462
Photo of Shelley L Muller, Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
Shelley L Muller
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77381
Within themselves, each person has the power and strength to tackle the challenges and difficulties they face. It’s my job, as a clinician, to help them access that power and strength, and I do this by first providing a non-judgmental and positive environment. This allows us to identify the thoughts and perceptions that are influencing their actions, both positive and negative. Real, affirming change can happen when we openly examine the thinking that is holding us back and work to change those thoughts that are no longer servicing our goals. I’m excited to help clients with that self-examination and re-building process.
Within themselves, each person has the power and strength to tackle the challenges and difficulties they face. It’s my job, as a clinician, to help them access that power and strength, and I do this by first providing a non-judgmental and positive environment. This allows us to identify the thoughts and perceptions that are influencing their actions, both positive and negative. Real, affirming change can happen when we openly examine the thinking that is holding us back and work to change those thoughts that are no longer servicing our goals. I’m excited to help clients with that self-examination and re-building process.
(346) 239-8305 View (346) 239-8305
Photo of Justin Wayne Stevens, Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
Justin Wayne Stevens
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77380
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, healing from previous trauma? Taking the first step of talking to someone can be an overwhelming process. I offer a free phone consultation for us to spend a few minutes getting acquainted and help you to feel more comfortable before our first session. I can help guide you through what to expect in beginning counseling with me.
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, healing from previous trauma? Taking the first step of talking to someone can be an overwhelming process. I offer a free phone consultation for us to spend a few minutes getting acquainted and help you to feel more comfortable before our first session. I can help guide you through what to expect in beginning counseling with me.
(936) 213-6477 View (936) 213-6477
Photo of Claire R Berry, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in The Woodlands, TX
Claire R Berry
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MEd, LPCA
Verified Verified
The Woodlands, TX 77380
Reaching out and asking for help is one of the hardest yet most vital parts of growth and self improvement in our lives. We all need help at some point - yes, even me! Therapy can not only help in dealing with the chaos life throws at us, but also help us learn how and when to ask for that help. I firmly believe that everyone deserves a safe environment to explore oneself and improve overall mental health. I'm also incredibly passionate about advocating for the expansion of mental health awareness through psychoeducation and increasing access to quality care.
Reaching out and asking for help is one of the hardest yet most vital parts of growth and self improvement in our lives. We all need help at some point - yes, even me! Therapy can not only help in dealing with the chaos life throws at us, but also help us learn how and when to ask for that help. I firmly believe that everyone deserves a safe environment to explore oneself and improve overall mental health. I'm also incredibly passionate about advocating for the expansion of mental health awareness through psychoeducation and increasing access to quality care.
(832) 390-0109 View (832) 390-0109
Photo of Dana Futrell, Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
Dana Futrell
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
The Woodlands, TX 77380
I see life as a journey and always changing. I believe that we all have tools to make positive change. I assist others in identifying tools to overcome obstacles that are presented in life that may inhibit positive change. I believe there is great power in the therapist/client relationship. People often find their best version of themselves when they feel truly heard and seen. We can start where you are now and change to find freedom and joy.
I see life as a journey and always changing. I believe that we all have tools to make positive change. I assist others in identifying tools to overcome obstacles that are presented in life that may inhibit positive change. I believe there is great power in the therapist/client relationship. People often find their best version of themselves when they feel truly heard and seen. We can start where you are now and change to find freedom and joy.
(844) 840-2259 View (844) 840-2259
Photo of Danielle Spaulding, Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
Danielle Spaulding
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, LMHP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77380  (Online Only)
I would be honored to be part of the journey of your life, and believe all people need unconditional support to live as contently as possible. My specialties are depressed/mood disorders age 16+, surviving chronic illness, alone and as a family unit, and ADHD/ASD (I'm neurodiverse). I pride myself in working amazingly with teens and helping those with low self esteem, dark thoughts, mood swings, self harm/SI. I am trans and LGBTQIA+ supporting and value any person's identity above all else. This is a judgement free zone. I excel at helping adults who are late diagnosed or undiagnosed ADHD/ASD, so if you need support I'm here!
I would be honored to be part of the journey of your life, and believe all people need unconditional support to live as contently as possible. My specialties are depressed/mood disorders age 16+, surviving chronic illness, alone and as a family unit, and ADHD/ASD (I'm neurodiverse). I pride myself in working amazingly with teens and helping those with low self esteem, dark thoughts, mood swings, self harm/SI. I am trans and LGBTQIA+ supporting and value any person's identity above all else. This is a judgement free zone. I excel at helping adults who are late diagnosed or undiagnosed ADHD/ASD, so if you need support I'm here!
(281) 426-0950 View (281) 426-0950
Photo of Lloyd Whieldon, Psychological Associate in The Woodlands, TX
Lloyd Whieldon
Psychological Associate, MS, LPA, CCTP-II
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77380
If you are struggling with depression, infidelity, trauma or relationship difficulties, then I would like to help you with this. Perhaps you have started to lose hope in your future, feel disconnected from people or get no enjoyment out of life. Or maybe you are experiencing mood-swings, self-criticism or even a sense that your emotions have been turned off. You might feel that difficult experiences in childhood or those within an adult relationship have left you feeling traumatized and stuck. Or maybe you feel betrayed by a partner – through what they did or what they are not doing. It is possible to heal from these things.
If you are struggling with depression, infidelity, trauma or relationship difficulties, then I would like to help you with this. Perhaps you have started to lose hope in your future, feel disconnected from people or get no enjoyment out of life. Or maybe you are experiencing mood-swings, self-criticism or even a sense that your emotions have been turned off. You might feel that difficult experiences in childhood or those within an adult relationship have left you feeling traumatized and stuck. Or maybe you feel betrayed by a partner – through what they did or what they are not doing. It is possible to heal from these things.
(936) 298-7239 View (936) 298-7239
Photo of L & A Professional Services LLC., Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
L & A Professional Services LLC.
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC-S
Verified Verified
The Woodlands, TX 77380
Here at our center, the goal is to provide holistic mental-health therapy services. We practice empirically-based methods for our patients with a focus on affect, behavioral, and cognitive processes. As a team, we design your treatment plan with the patient's goals in mind. Our optimal goal is for patients to establish the areas they wish to change, experience the therapeutic process in diversified ways, and be afforded the support needed to accomplish their goals in therapy. In general, we look for evidence of change through obtaining both informal and formal feedback.
Here at our center, the goal is to provide holistic mental-health therapy services. We practice empirically-based methods for our patients with a focus on affect, behavioral, and cognitive processes. As a team, we design your treatment plan with the patient's goals in mind. Our optimal goal is for patients to establish the areas they wish to change, experience the therapeutic process in diversified ways, and be afforded the support needed to accomplish their goals in therapy. In general, we look for evidence of change through obtaining both informal and formal feedback.
(936) 237-7020 View (936) 237-7020
Photo of Positive Recovery Centers - The Woodlands, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
Positive Recovery Centers - The Woodlands
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, LCDC
Verified Verified
The Woodlands, TX 77380
Positive Recovery Centers - The Woodlands IOP and PHP are designed to help clients achieve a sustainable sober lifestyle by reinforcing the life skills and strategies that will prevent relapse. If you’re ready to return to work or school, IOP helps you prioritize your recovery and establish a healthy balance in your new sober routine. IOP also provides well-rounded care for co-occurring disorders, medical and psycho-social needs, as well as the development of personalized treatment goals to help instill positive changes in everyday life.
Positive Recovery Centers - The Woodlands IOP and PHP are designed to help clients achieve a sustainable sober lifestyle by reinforcing the life skills and strategies that will prevent relapse. If you’re ready to return to work or school, IOP helps you prioritize your recovery and establish a healthy balance in your new sober routine. IOP also provides well-rounded care for co-occurring disorders, medical and psycho-social needs, as well as the development of personalized treatment goals to help instill positive changes in everyday life.
(832) 299-1963 View (832) 299-1963
Photo of Jessica C. Sneed- Licensed Psychologist, Psychologist in The Woodlands, TX
Jessica C. Sneed- Licensed Psychologist
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77380
Only accepting Aetna Insurance. Jessica Sneed, Ph.D. is a licensed clinical psychologist in the state of Texas and Arizona. She is committed to improving the well-being of her clients from a strength-based, culturally sensitive, and multi-theoretical perspective. Dr. Sneed specializes in identifying and treating perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. She has earned certification from Postpartum Support International in this area of treatment. Dr. Sneed also specializes in race-related stress, work-life balance issues of professional women, and Christian counseling.
Only accepting Aetna Insurance. Jessica Sneed, Ph.D. is a licensed clinical psychologist in the state of Texas and Arizona. She is committed to improving the well-being of her clients from a strength-based, culturally sensitive, and multi-theoretical perspective. Dr. Sneed specializes in identifying and treating perinatal mood and anxiety disorders. She has earned certification from Postpartum Support International in this area of treatment. Dr. Sneed also specializes in race-related stress, work-life balance issues of professional women, and Christian counseling.
(281) 801-6820 View (281) 801-6820
Photo of Kristin Kenny, Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
Kristin Kenny
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77381  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in Texas with 7 years of professional work experience. I have worked with clients to help them heal and cope with a wide range of mental health issues including depression, trauma, anxiety and mood disorders. I have experience treating adult and adolescent clients with diverse cultural backgrounds who deal with grief, conflict in relationships, and work/school stressors, among other challenges. I believe the most effective growth of an individual happens during self-exploration, and my job is to be the guide.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in Texas with 7 years of professional work experience. I have worked with clients to help them heal and cope with a wide range of mental health issues including depression, trauma, anxiety and mood disorders. I have experience treating adult and adolescent clients with diverse cultural backgrounds who deal with grief, conflict in relationships, and work/school stressors, among other challenges. I believe the most effective growth of an individual happens during self-exploration, and my job is to be the guide.
(281) 377-0665 View (281) 377-0665
Photo of Priscila Leal, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in The Woodlands, TX
Priscila Leal
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77382  (Online Only)
Life can be hard sometimes, but you don’t have to do it all alone. I am here to help you cope with challenges life may throw your way. My goal is to make you feel empowered and in control of your life by teaching you skills and giving you tools to help you become a better version of yourself. You deserve and need to be listened to, and I will be there to do it in an understanding, non-judgmental way.
Life can be hard sometimes, but you don’t have to do it all alone. I am here to help you cope with challenges life may throw your way. My goal is to make you feel empowered and in control of your life by teaching you skills and giving you tools to help you become a better version of yourself. You deserve and need to be listened to, and I will be there to do it in an understanding, non-judgmental way.
(281) 916-3772 View (281) 916-3772
Photo of L & A Professional Services, LLC., Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
L & A Professional Services, LLC.
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC-S, CSC, CEO
Verified Verified
The Woodlands, TX 77380
Dr. Wines fundamentally believes people have the capacity to resolve their own problems with awareness and a willingness to change. Her assistance may unlock these abilities, while monitoring and evaluating the process. In relationships, the answers to questions are found by looking at trends and outcomes, along with self-acceptance and a commitment to authentic living. Having a well-balanced life means nurturing oneself and recognizing our existence is made more meaningful when we serve others! Ultimately, true evaluation of the past and present experiences can affect our interpretation of such, which affects how we feel and behave!
Dr. Wines fundamentally believes people have the capacity to resolve their own problems with awareness and a willingness to change. Her assistance may unlock these abilities, while monitoring and evaluating the process. In relationships, the answers to questions are found by looking at trends and outcomes, along with self-acceptance and a commitment to authentic living. Having a well-balanced life means nurturing oneself and recognizing our existence is made more meaningful when we serve others! Ultimately, true evaluation of the past and present experiences can affect our interpretation of such, which affects how we feel and behave!
(832) 981-4298 View (832) 981-4298
Photo of Ashley Ann Abraham, Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
Ashley Ann Abraham
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77380  (Online Only)
My goal is to cultivate a warm and inviting atmosphere, judgement free, and focused completely on your needs. Primarily, I work with adults who are going through life transitions, adult ADHD, and identify as a Highly Sensitive Person (HSP). Through our work together, I'd like to help you navigate the difficulties of life by discovering that you are capable.
My goal is to cultivate a warm and inviting atmosphere, judgement free, and focused completely on your needs. Primarily, I work with adults who are going through life transitions, adult ADHD, and identify as a Highly Sensitive Person (HSP). Through our work together, I'd like to help you navigate the difficulties of life by discovering that you are capable.
(713) 766-5774 View (713) 766-5774
Photo of Jenn Strauss, Marriage & Family Therapist in The Woodlands, TX
Jenn Strauss
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LPC-S, LMFT-S, CART
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77380
It has been said, "You can laugh or you can cry. It's up to you." That is easier said than done; let me help you find your emotional balance! Sometimes the hardest thing to do is to ask for help. Whether you think you are too scared, too busy, or you are the "rock" your family/friends always turn to, please let me help guide you through this journey. I work with individuals, couples, and families to find their personal goals, strengths, life's meanings, passions, and smile! Let’s get started today!
It has been said, "You can laugh or you can cry. It's up to you." That is easier said than done; let me help you find your emotional balance! Sometimes the hardest thing to do is to ask for help. Whether you think you are too scared, too busy, or you are the "rock" your family/friends always turn to, please let me help guide you through this journey. I work with individuals, couples, and families to find their personal goals, strengths, life's meanings, passions, and smile! Let’s get started today!
(281) 940-2396 View (281) 940-2396
Photo of Brittany Dawson Lpc-Associate Supervised By Shawna Munson Ma Lpc-S Lmft-S, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in The Woodlands, TX
Brittany Dawson Lpc-Associate Supervised By Shawna Munson Ma Lpc-S Lmft-S
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MA, LPCA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77380
I am dedicated to guiding individuals toward emotional well-being. I embrace the uniqueness of each person, offering personalized support for issues like depression, anxiety, and trauma across all ages. Drawing from my counseling expertise and background as an RBT, I provide a holistic approach to empower lasting positive change.
I am dedicated to guiding individuals toward emotional well-being. I embrace the uniqueness of each person, offering personalized support for issues like depression, anxiety, and trauma across all ages. Drawing from my counseling expertise and background as an RBT, I provide a holistic approach to empower lasting positive change.
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Photo of Summit Counseling, PLLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
Summit Counseling, PLLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
The Woodlands, TX 77380
I started Summit Counseling in 2015 with the goal to help more individuals, families and couples face life's struggles. With experience in both Child Protective Services and Education, I blend a unique approach to people seeking services. Over the last several years, I have helped many families in crisis, adolescents struggling with their own development and couples facing the challenges of raising children and maintaining a loving family.
I started Summit Counseling in 2015 with the goal to help more individuals, families and couples face life's struggles. With experience in both Child Protective Services and Education, I blend a unique approach to people seeking services. Over the last several years, I have helped many families in crisis, adolescents struggling with their own development and couples facing the challenges of raising children and maintaining a loving family.
(440) 647-8341 View (440) 647-8341
Photo of Marilyn J Ladin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in The Woodlands, TX
Marilyn J Ladin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-S, DCSW, CART, EofLC
Verified Verified
The Woodlands, TX 77382
Loss/Grief, Transitions and Coaching to recapture our Goals and reignite our joy, are my areas of Specialization. "We cannot change the Wind; we can only Adjust our Sails." Join me.
Loss/Grief, Transitions and Coaching to recapture our Goals and reignite our joy, are my areas of Specialization. "We cannot change the Wind; we can only Adjust our Sails." Join me.
(713) 766-4565 View (713) 766-4565
Photo of Brittany N. Allison, Marriage & Family Therapist in The Woodlands, TX
Brittany N. Allison
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
The Woodlands, TX 77381
We all make mistakes, have struggles, and even regret things from our past. But you are not your mistakes, you are not your struggles, and you are here now with the power to shape your day and your future. I believe that everyone is capable of change. In working with people, I feel that it is important to honor an individual's past, listen to their personal experiences, and respect their beliefs to better understand how they make meaning of their world. I am committed to providing a safe and non-judgmental environment that fosters self-exploration and personal growth.
We all make mistakes, have struggles, and even regret things from our past. But you are not your mistakes, you are not your struggles, and you are here now with the power to shape your day and your future. I believe that everyone is capable of change. In working with people, I feel that it is important to honor an individual's past, listen to their personal experiences, and respect their beliefs to better understand how they make meaning of their world. I am committed to providing a safe and non-judgmental environment that fosters self-exploration and personal growth.
(346) 220-3259 View (346) 220-3259
Photo of Jennifer J. Cain, Licensed Professional Counselor in The Woodlands, TX
Jennifer J. Cain
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, RPT-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
The Woodlands, TX 77380
I specialize in play therapy for children ages 3-8 and supervision for LPC Associates and RPT Interns (post graduate only). I do not accept insurance, but you can submit your claims for out-of-network reimbursement. Please contact me today to determine if we are a good match for this process, or if you have any questions.
I specialize in play therapy for children ages 3-8 and supervision for LPC Associates and RPT Interns (post graduate only). I do not accept insurance, but you can submit your claims for out-of-network reimbursement. Please contact me today to determine if we are a good match for this process, or if you have any questions.
(832) 734-6717 View (832) 734-6717

See more therapy options for The Woodlands

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in The Woodlands, TX

500+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in The Woodlands, TX who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
88% Depression
75% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
72% Coping Skills
71% Stress
69% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

86% Aetna
78% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
72% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in The Woodlands, TX see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in The Woodlands?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.