Therapists in Randolph Air Force Base, TX

Photo of Valerie L. Hannor, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Valerie L. Hannor
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Randolph Air Force Base, TX 78150
Not accepting new clients
I believe that there are times when we all may need someone to talk to and that is not a bad thing. It warms my heart to encounter those who are motivated for change as that is the very catalyst to change. I will put my best foot forward to ensure a positive experience to aid in that change. "Wisdom is with those who receive counsel."
I believe that there are times when we all may need someone to talk to and that is not a bad thing. It warms my heart to encounter those who are motivated for change as that is the very catalyst to change. I will put my best foot forward to ensure a positive experience to aid in that change. "Wisdom is with those who receive counsel."
(210) 988-6564 View (210) 988-6564
Photo of Cass Carrizales, MA, LPC-A
Cass Carrizales
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MA, LPC-A
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Randolph Air Force Base, TX 78150
Waitlist for new clients
I sought to be a counselor to help others become the best version of themselves in order to live their best lives. I am a retired Major in the United States Army with 23 years of military service. My military assignments have ranged from Topographic Non-Commissioned Officer, Horizontal Engineer Company Commander, Brigade Engineer Battalion Executive Officer, and Combat Engineer. I have dedicated my career to taking care of soldiers and their families. My husband, Daniel Carrizales, is a retired Gunnery Sergeant in the Marine Corps. I have four girls (ages 27, 25, 22, & 17), two boys (ages 20 & 13), and five lovely grandchildren.
I sought to be a counselor to help others become the best version of themselves in order to live their best lives. I am a retired Major in the United States Army with 23 years of military service. My military assignments have ranged from Topographic Non-Commissioned Officer, Horizontal Engineer Company Commander, Brigade Engineer Battalion Executive Officer, and Combat Engineer. I have dedicated my career to taking care of soldiers and their families. My husband, Daniel Carrizales, is a retired Gunnery Sergeant in the Marine Corps. I have four girls (ages 27, 25, 22, & 17), two boys (ages 20 & 13), and five lovely grandchildren.
(210) 940-1460 View (210) 940-1460
Photo of Jared Calaway, MA, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jared Calaway
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Randolph Air Force Base, TX 78150
Life can be uncertain. A counselor is there to join you in the uncertain moments and remind you that you are not alone. Whether it is depression, anxiety, family issues, or feeling restless where you are, counseling can offer an escape from the busyness of life. Learn how to face challenges with a new perspective and begin moving towards your goals.
Life can be uncertain. A counselor is there to join you in the uncertain moments and remind you that you are not alone. Whether it is depression, anxiety, family issues, or feeling restless where you are, counseling can offer an escape from the busyness of life. Learn how to face challenges with a new perspective and begin moving towards your goals.
(210) 985-9845 View (210) 985-9845

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Fatima D Keys, MA, LCDC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Fatima D Keys
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LCDC, LPC
Verified Verified
Universal City, TX 78148  (Online Only)
I have a personal understanding of life’s challenges, such as how it feels to desire isolation because of depression, how it feels how to be burnt out because of work or life how to want to avoid life because of anxiety, .I know how it feels to not be accepted.,and even how it feels to have breakdowns in relationships and it struggle to identify as the authentic self . I have overcome obstacles and have done the with work !
I have a personal understanding of life’s challenges, such as how it feels to desire isolation because of depression, how it feels how to be burnt out because of work or life how to want to avoid life because of anxiety, .I know how it feels to not be accepted.,and even how it feels to have breakdowns in relationships and it struggle to identify as the authentic self . I have overcome obstacles and have done the with work !
(210) 672-1647 View (210) 672-1647
Photo of Leah Brown, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Leah Brown
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Universal City, TX 78148  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Leah, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with a deep commitment to supporting women navigating the complex emotions associated with anxiety, depression, and trauma. If you find yourself wrestling with feelings of anxiety, depression, or loss of hope that seems to cloud every aspect of your life—be it your relationships, focus, or work life, or parenting—you're not alone. The weight of these experiences can make even the simplest day-to-day activities feel unachievable, leaving you feeling exhausted, overwhelmed, and questioning the purpose of it all.
Hello, my name is Leah, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with a deep commitment to supporting women navigating the complex emotions associated with anxiety, depression, and trauma. If you find yourself wrestling with feelings of anxiety, depression, or loss of hope that seems to cloud every aspect of your life—be it your relationships, focus, or work life, or parenting—you're not alone. The weight of these experiences can make even the simplest day-to-day activities feel unachievable, leaving you feeling exhausted, overwhelmed, and questioning the purpose of it all.
(830) 243-6154 View (830) 243-6154
Photo of Lisa Pinkstaff, MA, LPC, BCN, BCB, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lisa Pinkstaff
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, BCN, BCB
Verified Verified
Universal City, TX 78148
You are not a diagnosis. You are an individual that just wants to have your brain be sharper; be calmer; or having your child have a better experience in school. My clients are tired of medications and want to see more permanent improvements in their daily lives. ADD, ADHD, anxiety, depression....almost everything that stems from the brain benefits from neurofeedback. Adults who feel "foggy", unmotivated and chaotic, use this therapy to optimize their brain. My clients are generally between 7 and 75 years of age. They have sleep issues, chronic stress or may not engage with others well. I can help you.
You are not a diagnosis. You are an individual that just wants to have your brain be sharper; be calmer; or having your child have a better experience in school. My clients are tired of medications and want to see more permanent improvements in their daily lives. ADD, ADHD, anxiety, depression....almost everything that stems from the brain benefits from neurofeedback. Adults who feel "foggy", unmotivated and chaotic, use this therapy to optimize their brain. My clients are generally between 7 and 75 years of age. They have sleep issues, chronic stress or may not engage with others well. I can help you.
(210) 775-6337 View (210) 775-6337
Photo of Charity Crawford, LMSW
Charity Crawford
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Schertz, TX 78154
I am passionate about serving new moms, military spouses, and military families. As a mom and military spouse of 12 years, I understand the unique challenges that come along with PCSing, deployments, and TDYs. Although this lifestyle affords us amazing opportunities, it also keeps us in a state of constant change. I have helped families in crisis by providing support related to stress management and conflict resolution.
I am passionate about serving new moms, military spouses, and military families. As a mom and military spouse of 12 years, I understand the unique challenges that come along with PCSing, deployments, and TDYs. Although this lifestyle affords us amazing opportunities, it also keeps us in a state of constant change. I have helped families in crisis by providing support related to stress management and conflict resolution.
(210) 529-8023 View (210) 529-8023
Photo of Dr. Gunnar Greg Newman, PhD, PLP, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dr. Gunnar Greg Newman
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, PLP, LPC
Verified Verified
Converse, TX 78109  (Online Only)
I value each client's uniqueness and believe therapy is a collaborative process. Each client is a person working through an issue that is impeding a goal. That goal may be managing depression, reducing anxiety, relieving stress, or some area within your life you feel is negatively affecting your wellness. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over ten years in mental health, counseling and therapy. I am also a Provisionally Licensed Clinical Psychologist (PLP).
I value each client's uniqueness and believe therapy is a collaborative process. Each client is a person working through an issue that is impeding a goal. That goal may be managing depression, reducing anxiety, relieving stress, or some area within your life you feel is negatively affecting your wellness. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over ten years in mental health, counseling and therapy. I am also a Provisionally Licensed Clinical Psychologist (PLP).
(210) 801-9263 View (210) 801-9263
Photo of Jeffrey M Locke - Jeffrey M Locke, LCSW, PLLC, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jeffrey M Locke, LCSW, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Schertz, TX 78154
Waitlist for new clients
Emotional health difficulties are like a cold, everyone gets them from time to time. However, if the cold goes on for weeks or keeps on getting worse, you should probably see a healthcare professional. This is true for our emotional health as well. If we want to be healthy, we have to take care of ourselves: body, mind and soul. Psychotherapy is medical treatment and care intended to relieve or heal the soul. It is a journey of self-discovery, personal growth, healing and wholeness. I have 20 years of experience supporting and guiding clients in a variety of areas including mental health, health care, disability and family services.
Emotional health difficulties are like a cold, everyone gets them from time to time. However, if the cold goes on for weeks or keeps on getting worse, you should probably see a healthcare professional. This is true for our emotional health as well. If we want to be healthy, we have to take care of ourselves: body, mind and soul. Psychotherapy is medical treatment and care intended to relieve or heal the soul. It is a journey of self-discovery, personal growth, healing and wholeness. I have 20 years of experience supporting and guiding clients in a variety of areas including mental health, health care, disability and family services.
(317) 676-6716 x78154 View (317) 676-6716 x78154
Photo of Karen Dayle Lee - Karen D. Lee, MA, LPC, Ed.D., MA, LPC, EdD, Licensed Professional Counselor
Karen D. Lee, MA, LPC, Ed.D.
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, EdD
Verified Verified
Schertz, TX 78154
We all have an innate goodness, natural spontaneity and potential. We tend to disconnect from it in response to painful experiences. It is a natural, even genetic program, to want happiness and joy in life. The frantic attempt to numb or avoid pain,results in denial of joy and natural spontaneity. My commitment as a therapist is facilitation of healing and transformation towards joy and connection. I use a Holistic approach, seek authenticity, and believe that each person's uniqueness can bring inner peace, extend to family, and enhance relationships. The happiness we generate extends to others and then returns.
We all have an innate goodness, natural spontaneity and potential. We tend to disconnect from it in response to painful experiences. It is a natural, even genetic program, to want happiness and joy in life. The frantic attempt to numb or avoid pain,results in denial of joy and natural spontaneity. My commitment as a therapist is facilitation of healing and transformation towards joy and connection. I use a Holistic approach, seek authenticity, and believe that each person's uniqueness can bring inner peace, extend to family, and enhance relationships. The happiness we generate extends to others and then returns.
(210) 870-7799 View (210) 870-7799
Photo of Acacia Jaimez, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Acacia Jaimez
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Converse, TX 78109  (Online Only)
Trauma, major life events, or even stressors often leave us feeling off balanced and discouraged. Discussing those difficult times with a professional is a step in the restoration process. I provide a safe, comfortable, and non-judgmental space where you can come and begin the healing process. During our sessions, goals will be set in order to help you get back to feeling balanced.
Trauma, major life events, or even stressors often leave us feeling off balanced and discouraged. Discussing those difficult times with a professional is a step in the restoration process. I provide a safe, comfortable, and non-judgmental space where you can come and begin the healing process. During our sessions, goals will be set in order to help you get back to feeling balanced.
(210) 750-6583 View (210) 750-6583
Photo of Maureen Sullivan King, PhD, Psychologist
Maureen Sullivan King
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Schertz, TX 78154
Therapy is about being SEEN and UNDERSTOOD, perhaps for the first time--but certainly not the last.
Therapy is about being SEEN and UNDERSTOOD, perhaps for the first time--but certainly not the last.
(510) 878-4283 View (510) 878-4283
Photo of Fatima D Keys, MA, LPC, LCDC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Fatima D Keys
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LCDC
Verified Verified
Universal City, TX 78148
I am a person who has struggled with mental health including anxiety , depression , and anger for several years. I have a first hand understanding of challenges, such as how it feels to desire isolation because of depression ,how to avoid life because of anxiety , and how to lose relationships because of uncontrollable anger . I also know how it feels to not live as the authentic self . Has life gotten in the way of you achieving your goals and live and live as your true self ? Are you looking for better coping skills? Do you struggle in your relationship or marriage ? Is your household out of control ? I want to help you!!!
I am a person who has struggled with mental health including anxiety , depression , and anger for several years. I have a first hand understanding of challenges, such as how it feels to desire isolation because of depression ,how to avoid life because of anxiety , and how to lose relationships because of uncontrollable anger . I also know how it feels to not live as the authentic self . Has life gotten in the way of you achieving your goals and live and live as your true self ? Are you looking for better coping skills? Do you struggle in your relationship or marriage ? Is your household out of control ? I want to help you!!!
(210) 796-7425 View (210) 796-7425
Photo of Linda Kappus, PhD, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Linda Kappus
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC
Verified Verified
Converse, TX 78109
Waitlist for new clients
Everyone experiences normal ups and downs throughout their lives. Sometimes, however, these episodes become more than we can handle alone. It is often not easy to ask for help but it can be the first step toward healthier functioning, improved relationships, and personal growth. Over the past 20 years I have helped many people navigate through life's challenges to lead more productive and fulfilling lives. Together, in a safe and supportive environment, we can uncover destructive patterns, identify strengths, and develop healthier ways of coping.
Everyone experiences normal ups and downs throughout their lives. Sometimes, however, these episodes become more than we can handle alone. It is often not easy to ask for help but it can be the first step toward healthier functioning, improved relationships, and personal growth. Over the past 20 years I have helped many people navigate through life's challenges to lead more productive and fulfilling lives. Together, in a safe and supportive environment, we can uncover destructive patterns, identify strengths, and develop healthier ways of coping.
(210) 460-2872 View (210) 460-2872
Photo of Rona Lambert, MA, LPC, Counselor
Rona Lambert
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Selma, TX 78154
I am a licensed professional counselor in Texas with over 10 years of experience working as a counselor. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, career challenges, trauma, and grief and loss. My counseling style is warm and interactive. I believe in treating anyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion, and I don't believe in stigmatizing labels. My approach combines client-centered.
I am a licensed professional counselor in Texas with over 10 years of experience working as a counselor. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including depression, anxiety, relationship issues, career challenges, trauma, and grief and loss. My counseling style is warm and interactive. I believe in treating anyone with respect, sensitivity, and compassion, and I don't believe in stigmatizing labels. My approach combines client-centered.
(830) 498-0595 View (830) 498-0595
Photo of Sabrena Montgomery, MSW, LCSW, LCSW-C, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sabrena Montgomery
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, LCSW-C
Verified Verified
Converse, TX 78109  (Online Only)
YOUR HEALING BEGINS NOW! YOU DON'T HAVE TO SUFFER ALONE! We are here to support you. We believe in the ideals of building mental & emotional well-belling through self-empowerment of the mind, body, & spirit providing a relatable approach with realistic insight. We utilize a compassionate & innovative care approach in a non-judgmental environment. We are dedicated and enjoy providing mental health treatment to those that come for support and resolve in dealing with life issues. We are focused on providing services with the highest levels of customer satisfaction & we will do all we can to meet your expectations.
YOUR HEALING BEGINS NOW! YOU DON'T HAVE TO SUFFER ALONE! We are here to support you. We believe in the ideals of building mental & emotional well-belling through self-empowerment of the mind, body, & spirit providing a relatable approach with realistic insight. We utilize a compassionate & innovative care approach in a non-judgmental environment. We are dedicated and enjoy providing mental health treatment to those that come for support and resolve in dealing with life issues. We are focused on providing services with the highest levels of customer satisfaction & we will do all we can to meet your expectations.
(210) 405-3793 View (210) 405-3793
Photo of Charmaine Pigue - Esperanza Care Services, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Esperanza Care Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Schertz, TX 78154
My practice is for those who are experiencing anxiety, stress, and mental health disturbances or spiritual disturbances. This world/universe is changing quite rapidly, causing us to feel out of our mind! My goal is to help those who don't fit into the conventional therapy approaches. I help with building self-esteem, confidence, and empower clients to be their best! If any of this resonateswith you, give me a call. It is my highest calling to assist with your personal growth.
My practice is for those who are experiencing anxiety, stress, and mental health disturbances or spiritual disturbances. This world/universe is changing quite rapidly, causing us to feel out of our mind! My goal is to help those who don't fit into the conventional therapy approaches. I help with building self-esteem, confidence, and empower clients to be their best! If any of this resonateswith you, give me a call. It is my highest calling to assist with your personal growth.
(210) 942-9646 View (210) 942-9646
Photo of Ludivina Acevedo, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ludivina Acevedo
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Schertz, TX 78154
Through life’s experiences, I have learned that our pain is never wasted and identify as a wounded healer whose purpose is to live out Isaiah 61:1-3. I seek to connect with my clients in a compassionate way to work collaboratively in the counseling process. I work with women, young adults, families, children, and adolescents. I am passionate about helping children and teenagers express their emotions and understand their own mental health. I understand that it is important to work with the family system as well and incorporate parents and caregivers in the process as needed.
Through life’s experiences, I have learned that our pain is never wasted and identify as a wounded healer whose purpose is to live out Isaiah 61:1-3. I seek to connect with my clients in a compassionate way to work collaboratively in the counseling process. I work with women, young adults, families, children, and adolescents. I am passionate about helping children and teenagers express their emotions and understand their own mental health. I understand that it is important to work with the family system as well and incorporate parents and caregivers in the process as needed.
(210) 361-0230 View (210) 361-0230
Photo of Michael Moyer, PhD, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Michael Moyer
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Universal City, TX 78148
I am a licensed professional counselor and board approved supervisor and have been in practice since 2004. I earned my Masters degree in Counseling in 2002 and doctoral degree in Counselor Education and Supervision in 2005, both from Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. My areas of expertise include anxiety, depression, grief, shame, relationships, career, life/work balance, and stress management. Additionally, I specialize in working with non-suicidal self-injury. I typically use an integrative perspective; utilizing cognitive behavioral, solution-focused, reality, and client-centered theories to best serve clients.
I am a licensed professional counselor and board approved supervisor and have been in practice since 2004. I earned my Masters degree in Counseling in 2002 and doctoral degree in Counselor Education and Supervision in 2005, both from Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi. My areas of expertise include anxiety, depression, grief, shame, relationships, career, life/work balance, and stress management. Additionally, I specialize in working with non-suicidal self-injury. I typically use an integrative perspective; utilizing cognitive behavioral, solution-focused, reality, and client-centered theories to best serve clients.
(210) 899-5872 View (210) 899-5872
Photo of Erin Graham, MA, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Erin Graham
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Schertz, TX 78154
I'm a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) and National Certified Counselor (NCC). I often tell people that this field chose me. I have always had a strong interest in the human mind & human behavior. Always had the question of “why” when it came to our perceptions throughout this human experience. I still search for the universal law behind everything I see. I have a strong passion for working with individuals struggling with anxiety, depression & everyday life stressors. I also enjoy working with pre-school (2-4) and school-aged (5-17) youth who are facing issues with their social-emotional skill development & behavior mngt.
I'm a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) and National Certified Counselor (NCC). I often tell people that this field chose me. I have always had a strong interest in the human mind & human behavior. Always had the question of “why” when it came to our perceptions throughout this human experience. I still search for the universal law behind everything I see. I have a strong passion for working with individuals struggling with anxiety, depression & everyday life stressors. I also enjoy working with pre-school (2-4) and school-aged (5-17) youth who are facing issues with their social-emotional skill development & behavior mngt.
(830) 730-6090 View (830) 730-6090

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Randolph Air Force Base, TX

< 10

Therapists in Randolph Air Force Base, TX who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
67% Relationship Issues
67% Child
67% Grief
67% Spirituality
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Randolph Air Force Base, TX see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Randolph Air Force Base?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.