Therapists in Irving, TX

Photo of Gloria Dove, LPC, LCDC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Gloria Dove
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LCDC, NCC
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75039  (Online Only)
Thank you for reaching out to me today through Psychology Today. It is my pleasure to consult, coach, and/or assist you, as my client, using empirically proven therapeutic methods. I provide empathetic understanding and unconditional positive regard throughout treatment. I strongly believe that every individual is the expert on their life and holds within them the answers to their life’s problems. It is my hope, that through our therapeutic relationship you will gain insight and discover the answers you are seeking. If you allow me, we will employ an integrative approach to therapy.
Thank you for reaching out to me today through Psychology Today. It is my pleasure to consult, coach, and/or assist you, as my client, using empirically proven therapeutic methods. I provide empathetic understanding and unconditional positive regard throughout treatment. I strongly believe that every individual is the expert on their life and holds within them the answers to their life’s problems. It is my hope, that through our therapeutic relationship you will gain insight and discover the answers you are seeking. If you allow me, we will employ an integrative approach to therapy.
(469) 587-7442 View (469) 587-7442
Photo of Aisha Holman, LPC-S, MA, MAT, Licensed Professional Counselor
Aisha Holman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, MA, MAT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Irving, TX 75062
If you are struggling with an issue that is robbing you of life enjoyment I'm here to help. I am waiting to journey with you through this difficult season of your life- let's move toward health and healing together- life is too short to struggle one more day. You can schedule appointments with Holman Family Services directly online at our website holmanfamilyservices.com then click the schedule an appointment link.
If you are struggling with an issue that is robbing you of life enjoyment I'm here to help. I am waiting to journey with you through this difficult season of your life- let's move toward health and healing together- life is too short to struggle one more day. You can schedule appointments with Holman Family Services directly online at our website holmanfamilyservices.com then click the schedule an appointment link.
(972) 375-1200 View (972) 375-1200
Photo of Devin W Clark, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Devin W Clark
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Irving, TX 75039
If you are searching for help today, I want to give you some encouragement and remind you that there is hope. You are loved and you are meant to live for so much more than to feel the way you do right now. I focus on helping people with relationship issues, depression, anxiety, feelings of loneliness, hopelessness, and spiritual issues by utilizing an eclectic philosophy with focus on person centered, cognitive behavioral, systems theory, existential and integrative approaches to counseling. I am glad you are here because that means you have not given up on your hopes.
If you are searching for help today, I want to give you some encouragement and remind you that there is hope. You are loved and you are meant to live for so much more than to feel the way you do right now. I focus on helping people with relationship issues, depression, anxiety, feelings of loneliness, hopelessness, and spiritual issues by utilizing an eclectic philosophy with focus on person centered, cognitive behavioral, systems theory, existential and integrative approaches to counseling. I am glad you are here because that means you have not given up on your hopes.
(325) 208-4591 View (325) 208-4591
Photo of Shaunte Collins, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Shaunte Collins
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75039
Shaunté Collins is a Licensed Professional Counselor Supervisor (LPC-S) with 13 years of experience. Shaunté is passionate about working with individuals struggling to overcome life's obstacles.
Shaunté Collins is a Licensed Professional Counselor Supervisor (LPC-S) with 13 years of experience. Shaunté is passionate about working with individuals struggling to overcome life's obstacles.
(469) 620-7046 View (469) 620-7046
Photo of Nicole L Davis, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Nicole L Davis
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Irving, TX 75062
Are you ready to unpack the past in order to live a fuller life? Are you feeling unfulfilled and unsure of what's next, but you know that what's happening right now isn't it? Are you feeling unsettled and needing a safe place to sort out your thoughts? Are you struggling to find a good work-life balance? If you're dealing with issues like microaggressions and racial trauma in the workplace, you've reached the right place! My name is Nicole Davis and I'm here to help you find reclaim your joy and get your power back! Life can be full of frustrations and set backs and now is the time to prioritize your happiness.
Are you ready to unpack the past in order to live a fuller life? Are you feeling unfulfilled and unsure of what's next, but you know that what's happening right now isn't it? Are you feeling unsettled and needing a safe place to sort out your thoughts? Are you struggling to find a good work-life balance? If you're dealing with issues like microaggressions and racial trauma in the workplace, you've reached the right place! My name is Nicole Davis and I'm here to help you find reclaim your joy and get your power back! Life can be full of frustrations and set backs and now is the time to prioritize your happiness.
(972) 703-5492 View (972) 703-5492
Photo of Elizabeth Gaitan, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Elizabeth Gaitan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75038
Are you a worrier? Need help organizing yourself? Need to get out of an unhealthy relationship? Parenting help? Dealing with ADHD symptoms? Depression? Past trauma? I would love to help you. These are the issues I find myself excelling in. I have been through all these myself and can relate to how you feel. I can help you identify your goals, work with you to make sure you meet them, and educate you on how to do this on your own going forward. I believe in therapy and that people can change; and I encourage my clients to take what they have learned in therapy and continue to grow and find themselves.
Are you a worrier? Need help organizing yourself? Need to get out of an unhealthy relationship? Parenting help? Dealing with ADHD symptoms? Depression? Past trauma? I would love to help you. These are the issues I find myself excelling in. I have been through all these myself and can relate to how you feel. I can help you identify your goals, work with you to make sure you meet them, and educate you on how to do this on your own going forward. I believe in therapy and that people can change; and I encourage my clients to take what they have learned in therapy and continue to grow and find themselves.
(682) 683-9751 View (682) 683-9751
Photo of Genelle Parra, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Genelle Parra
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75062
I believe that all of us have the power to help ourselves on our path to healing, but we sometimes forget that we have that power. Our angers, fears, sorrows, and doubts often materialize as seemingly unbreakable chains. It is in these times that we forget that we are both the captive and the keyholder. So much of our life exists in how we see ourselves and how we see ourselves in relationships with others
I believe that all of us have the power to help ourselves on our path to healing, but we sometimes forget that we have that power. Our angers, fears, sorrows, and doubts often materialize as seemingly unbreakable chains. It is in these times that we forget that we are both the captive and the keyholder. So much of our life exists in how we see ourselves and how we see ourselves in relationships with others
(512) 960-3239 View (512) 960-3239
Photo of Sep Eisapour, MS, LMFT-A, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Sep Eisapour
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MS, LMFT-A
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Irving, TX 75039
As a first-generation immigrant with a rich multicultural background, I offer a unique, empathetic approach to therapy, respecting your personal story and cultural nuances. Specializing in experiential and Emotionally Focused Therapy, I collaborate closely with clients to reshape narratives and address trauma, grief, and relationship challenges. My past work as an ABA therapist deepens my understanding of developmental issues, enhancing support for families and children. My focus is on fostering resilience and well-being in individuals and couples.
As a first-generation immigrant with a rich multicultural background, I offer a unique, empathetic approach to therapy, respecting your personal story and cultural nuances. Specializing in experiential and Emotionally Focused Therapy, I collaborate closely with clients to reshape narratives and address trauma, grief, and relationship challenges. My past work as an ABA therapist deepens my understanding of developmental issues, enhancing support for families and children. My focus is on fostering resilience and well-being in individuals and couples.
(469) 942-0229 View (469) 942-0229
Photo of Samantha Bender, LCSW, LCSW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Samantha Bender
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LCSW-S
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75039  (Online Only)
Even though all humans have similar needs - nutrition, sleep, connections, meaning - we can't all achieve these needs in the same way. The same is true for our mental health. That's why it's so important to find a therapist who is a good fit for you and work with them to figure out what's best for your needs. I work with clients experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, borderline personality disorder, and ADHD to improve thought patterns, revamp behaviors and habits, and build healthier relationships with others and themselves.
Even though all humans have similar needs - nutrition, sleep, connections, meaning - we can't all achieve these needs in the same way. The same is true for our mental health. That's why it's so important to find a therapist who is a good fit for you and work with them to figure out what's best for your needs. I work with clients experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, borderline personality disorder, and ADHD to improve thought patterns, revamp behaviors and habits, and build healthier relationships with others and themselves.
(469) 901-7826 View (469) 901-7826
Photo of Novlet M Wallace, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Novlet M Wallace
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75038
Novlet M. Wallace is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Texas who has been practicing since 2020. Novlet currently works with adults (18 and above) with a variety of presenting issues, including anxiety, relationship issues, depression, self-esteem, and self-confidence. Her approach to therapy consists of a deep sense of respect for multicultural factors, as much of her client experience includes working with a multicultural base of clients. Novlet's therapy style approach includes Christian-based counseling, client centered therapy, solution focused, CBT, MI, and strength-based approach.
Novlet M. Wallace is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Texas who has been practicing since 2020. Novlet currently works with adults (18 and above) with a variety of presenting issues, including anxiety, relationship issues, depression, self-esteem, and self-confidence. Her approach to therapy consists of a deep sense of respect for multicultural factors, as much of her client experience includes working with a multicultural base of clients. Novlet's therapy style approach includes Christian-based counseling, client centered therapy, solution focused, CBT, MI, and strength-based approach.
(214) 251-4248 View (214) 251-4248
Photo of Michelle Salzman, MA, MEd, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Michelle Salzman
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, MEd, LPC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Irving, TX 75039  (Online Only)
Acting like everything is okay but secretly falling apart? Need change? I can help. I work with women and men ages 18 & up. My specialties include anxiety, depression, gaslighting, spiritual abuse, divorce recovery, chronic illness/pain, & hormonal imbalance. I use EMDR, DBT and PRT interventions. Our sessions would be online only. I can see you wherever you are in Texas. Contact me today! I am available for supervision of motivated LPC-A's looking for a quality supervisor in the state of Texas. I offer Christian counseling/ supervision when requested. Paneled with BCBS- PPO, Cigna, UHC, and Aetna.
Acting like everything is okay but secretly falling apart? Need change? I can help. I work with women and men ages 18 & up. My specialties include anxiety, depression, gaslighting, spiritual abuse, divorce recovery, chronic illness/pain, & hormonal imbalance. I use EMDR, DBT and PRT interventions. Our sessions would be online only. I can see you wherever you are in Texas. Contact me today! I am available for supervision of motivated LPC-A's looking for a quality supervisor in the state of Texas. I offer Christian counseling/ supervision when requested. Paneled with BCBS- PPO, Cigna, UHC, and Aetna.
(682) 334-8621 View (682) 334-8621
Photo of Srividhya Subramanian, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Srividhya Subramanian
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75039
Srividhya "Srivi" Subramanian is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 5 years of experience in the mental health field and 8 years of experience in the engineering field with her own life experiences with mental health that brought her into the human sector. The skills she developed during her engineering career, such as being a strong team- player, effective problem-solving, combined with empathic communication enabled her to seamlessly venture into the human service sector. Srividhya specializes in anxiety, depression, relationship and self-esteem issues.
Srividhya "Srivi" Subramanian is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 5 years of experience in the mental health field and 8 years of experience in the engineering field with her own life experiences with mental health that brought her into the human sector. The skills she developed during her engineering career, such as being a strong team- player, effective problem-solving, combined with empathic communication enabled her to seamlessly venture into the human service sector. Srividhya specializes in anxiety, depression, relationship and self-esteem issues.
(469) 945-6569 View (469) 945-6569
Photo of Garrett Austin King, LPC-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Garrett Austin King
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75063  (Online Only)
Only offering Telehealth appts at this time - no in office sessions available. Are you struggling to discover your purpose in life or having a hard time adjusting to a recent stressor? Let me help guide you through your current obstacles to become empowered in your life to handle any changes that come your way. Change is an inevitable part of our existence and, at times, those changes can become more than we can handle. I'll help you to learn new techniques, examine your concerns from multiple perspectives, and increase your ability to manage what life may throw in your path.
Only offering Telehealth appts at this time - no in office sessions available. Are you struggling to discover your purpose in life or having a hard time adjusting to a recent stressor? Let me help guide you through your current obstacles to become empowered in your life to handle any changes that come your way. Change is an inevitable part of our existence and, at times, those changes can become more than we can handle. I'll help you to learn new techniques, examine your concerns from multiple perspectives, and increase your ability to manage what life may throw in your path.
(281) 789-6254 View (281) 789-6254
Photo of Andrew Gill, LPC-S, LCDC, BCN, Licensed Professional Counselor
Andrew Gill
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, LCDC, BCN
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75038
Waitlist for new clients
Tau Healing Services is available for the needs of those suffering from situational, family, or personal issues that are causing distress in life. Tau means true. Healing is viewed as a process of becoming well. The aim of Tau Healing Services is to provide professional and quality services that assist in the healing process by natural means and with the assistance of grace.
Tau Healing Services is available for the needs of those suffering from situational, family, or personal issues that are causing distress in life. Tau means true. Healing is viewed as a process of becoming well. The aim of Tau Healing Services is to provide professional and quality services that assist in the healing process by natural means and with the assistance of grace.
(817) 339-6701 View (817) 339-6701
Photo of Anaiya Baukman, MS, Psychological Associate
Anaiya Baukman
Psychological Associate, MS
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75063
My clients would describe me as genuine, relaxed, and caring. I strive to cultivate meaningful and collaborative therapeutic relationships, by approaching each session with warmth, empathy, and authenticity. I aim to foster a safe and exploratory environment for my clients with each interaction. I have a culturally humble approach that privileges your multicultural/diverse experience and leads to the development of a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to your needs. I embrace an integrative approach to therapy drawing from a variety of evidence-supported practices.
My clients would describe me as genuine, relaxed, and caring. I strive to cultivate meaningful and collaborative therapeutic relationships, by approaching each session with warmth, empathy, and authenticity. I aim to foster a safe and exploratory environment for my clients with each interaction. I have a culturally humble approach that privileges your multicultural/diverse experience and leads to the development of a comprehensive treatment plan tailored to your needs. I embrace an integrative approach to therapy drawing from a variety of evidence-supported practices.
(972) 544-4515 View (972) 544-4515
Gordon C Sauer
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75062
Dr. Sauer has been a licensed psychologist since 1985. In his offices in Irving and Plano he sees children, adolescents and adults. A cognitive behavioral approach is taken in therapy with an emphasis on how thinking relates to feelings and problem-solving around daily changes that will lead to greater satisfaction and stronger self-esteem. Children and adolescent work includes working with the family, and adult work often involves couples working on communication and relationship facilitation.
Dr. Sauer has been a licensed psychologist since 1985. In his offices in Irving and Plano he sees children, adolescents and adults. A cognitive behavioral approach is taken in therapy with an emphasis on how thinking relates to feelings and problem-solving around daily changes that will lead to greater satisfaction and stronger self-esteem. Children and adolescent work includes working with the family, and adult work often involves couples working on communication and relationship facilitation.
(972) 992-7466 View (972) 992-7466
Photo of Karicia Corum, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Karicia Corum
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Irving, TX 75039
Hi, Are you the ‘good’ daughter, the ‘good’ wife, or the ‘good’ mother? Does your life look amazing from the outside but feels less than okay on the inside? It’s important that you have the support of someone who sees and understands you and who can respond to what you are going through. I want to help you discover why you are feeling the way you are, and more importantly, teach you the tools to help move you away from suffering, and towards inner peace. As your therapist I will be beside you every step of the way. Together we will navigate towards the joy, happiness, and self-acceptance you deserve.
Hi, Are you the ‘good’ daughter, the ‘good’ wife, or the ‘good’ mother? Does your life look amazing from the outside but feels less than okay on the inside? It’s important that you have the support of someone who sees and understands you and who can respond to what you are going through. I want to help you discover why you are feeling the way you are, and more importantly, teach you the tools to help move you away from suffering, and towards inner peace. As your therapist I will be beside you every step of the way. Together we will navigate towards the joy, happiness, and self-acceptance you deserve.
(469) 457-3028 View (469) 457-3028
Photo of Shameka Grant Thomas, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Shameka Grant Thomas
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75062
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a wealth of experience in working with clients who suffer from anxiety, depression, and self-esteem issues, as well as health-related depression. I have 7+ years of experience in working in a psychiatric environment ranging from alcohol abuse and suicidal ideations. I have a true compassion for counseling and for the clients I service. I find great joy in assisting adolescent females and middle-aged adults. My future endeavor consists of beginning an anxiety group to further assist individuals to cope in the community and to learn coping skills to deal with everyday living.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a wealth of experience in working with clients who suffer from anxiety, depression, and self-esteem issues, as well as health-related depression. I have 7+ years of experience in working in a psychiatric environment ranging from alcohol abuse and suicidal ideations. I have a true compassion for counseling and for the clients I service. I find great joy in assisting adolescent females and middle-aged adults. My future endeavor consists of beginning an anxiety group to further assist individuals to cope in the community and to learn coping skills to deal with everyday living.
(469) 773-4177 View (469) 773-4177
Photo of Jacque Timberlake, MA, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jacque Timberlake
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
Irving, TX 75061
My name is JacQue’ Timberlake (I prefer to be called Jay. I received my bachelor’s degree at Pittsburg State University in 2015. I received my master’s degree in Counseling Psychology at Webster University in 2019. I am also currently achieving a doctorate in Forensic Psychology at Walden University.
My name is JacQue’ Timberlake (I prefer to be called Jay. I received my bachelor’s degree at Pittsburg State University in 2015. I received my master’s degree in Counseling Psychology at Webster University in 2019. I am also currently achieving a doctorate in Forensic Psychology at Walden University.
(469) 290-3723 View (469) 290-3723
Photo of Jennifer Carreon, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jennifer Carreon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Irving, TX 75038
I believe every person has value and every person is seeking to become their best version. We all come from different perspectives and we only know what we experience in our families, communities, and the spaces we live. I want to sit in the spaces with my clients, listen to their concerns and struggles and understand their current barriers and work on identifying steps to change how we approach managing our emotions and current symptoms. I want to give them tools for helping improve and elevate how they approach these concerns and their day to day living so they can handle whatever comes their way.
I believe every person has value and every person is seeking to become their best version. We all come from different perspectives and we only know what we experience in our families, communities, and the spaces we live. I want to sit in the spaces with my clients, listen to their concerns and struggles and understand their current barriers and work on identifying steps to change how we approach managing our emotions and current symptoms. I want to give them tools for helping improve and elevate how they approach these concerns and their day to day living so they can handle whatever comes their way.
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Irving, TX

100+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Irving, TX who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
90% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
70% Grief
68% Trauma and PTSD
68% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Aetna
77% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
75% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Irving, TX see their clients

68% In Person and Online
32% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Irving?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.