Chronic Pain Therapists in Dallas, TX

Photo of Ralph Casazza Phd, Psychologist in Dallas, TX
Ralph Casazza Phd
Psychologist, LCP
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75231
I am Dr. Ralph Casazza, a licensed psychologist; with clinical training & experience focusing on the treatment of issues related to depression, anxiety, work stress/career counseling, communication skills development, chronic medical conditions, pain management, PTSD, substance abuse, & other addictive behaviors. I have worked in various settings and with different client populations, including adults, senior citizens, medical populations (hospitals, nursing homes, and rehab facilities), LGBTQ+, substance abuse clinics, etc.
I am Dr. Ralph Casazza, a licensed psychologist; with clinical training & experience focusing on the treatment of issues related to depression, anxiety, work stress/career counseling, communication skills development, chronic medical conditions, pain management, PTSD, substance abuse, & other addictive behaviors. I have worked in various settings and with different client populations, including adults, senior citizens, medical populations (hospitals, nursing homes, and rehab facilities), LGBTQ+, substance abuse clinics, etc.
(469) 966-7960 View (469) 966-7960
Photo of Brain Integration Therapies - Janet L. Wisinger, Licensed Professional Counselor in Dallas, TX
Brain Integration Therapies - Janet L. Wisinger
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LMHC, BCB, NCC, CCTP
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75201
Calm relationships and controlled responses should not be luxuries reserved for those with unlimited time and money. Learn to return yourself to a life of reason, without the internal voices of judgment, distraction, and indecision propelling you through sleepless nights and physical and emotional pain. It's time to quiet the chaos - in your mind, in your life, and in your world. Integrate your brain - Eliminate the chaos.
Calm relationships and controlled responses should not be luxuries reserved for those with unlimited time and money. Learn to return yourself to a life of reason, without the internal voices of judgment, distraction, and indecision propelling you through sleepless nights and physical and emotional pain. It's time to quiet the chaos - in your mind, in your life, and in your world. Integrate your brain - Eliminate the chaos.
(214) 466-2521 View (214) 466-2521
Photo of Behavioral Health Providers, Licensed Professional Counselor in Dallas, TX
Behavioral Health Providers
Licensed Professional Counselor, PsyD, LPC
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75243
I am available to help individuals address concerns such as anxiety, depression, career stress, chronic pain, and insomnia utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy .
My ideal client is willing to put forth effort to make changes, address their issues, and have a more fulfilled life. I like to help patients maintain their motivation to make specific changes in their life so that they can reach their full potential. I am a Licensed Counselor and Licensed Psychological Associate with Behavioral Health Providers. I have 18 years of experience. I graduated with a Master’s degree in Community Counseling from St. Mary’s University in San Antonio, TX and a Doctorate degree (PsyD) in Clinical Psychology from Argosy University in Dallas, TX.
I am available to help individuals address concerns such as anxiety, depression, career stress, chronic pain, and insomnia utilizing Cognitive Behavioral Therapy .
My ideal client is willing to put forth effort to make changes, address their issues, and have a more fulfilled life. I like to help patients maintain their motivation to make specific changes in their life so that they can reach their full potential. I am a Licensed Counselor and Licensed Psychological Associate with Behavioral Health Providers. I have 18 years of experience. I graduated with a Master’s degree in Community Counseling from St. Mary’s University in San Antonio, TX and a Doctorate degree (PsyD) in Clinical Psychology from Argosy University in Dallas, TX.
(469) 300-5999 View (469) 300-5999
Photo of Molly Cook, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Dallas, TX
Molly Cook
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-S, LCDC, RYT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Dallas, TX 75243
Waitlist for new clients
You just want to feel happy, healthy, and confident. Instead you often feel overwhelmed, unsure, or disconnected. Fully connecting with our authentic self and others seems impossible. Sometimes our stress levels are too high or our traumatic life experiences get in the way of finding peace & fulfillment. I'm a firm believer that every person has the capacity for transformational healing. If you're ready to navigate the complexities of life including things like trauma, addiction, chronic pain, or dysfunctional family dynamics with a compassionate guide, you're in the right place.
You just want to feel happy, healthy, and confident. Instead you often feel overwhelmed, unsure, or disconnected. Fully connecting with our authentic self and others seems impossible. Sometimes our stress levels are too high or our traumatic life experiences get in the way of finding peace & fulfillment. I'm a firm believer that every person has the capacity for transformational healing. If you're ready to navigate the complexities of life including things like trauma, addiction, chronic pain, or dysfunctional family dynamics with a compassionate guide, you're in the right place.
(469) 382-4407 View (469) 382-4407
Photo of Anna W. Stowell, PhD, PLLC, Psychologist in Dallas, TX
Anna W. Stowell, PhD, PLLC
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75230
I also have a special interest in helping clients develop strategies for coping with chronic pain and medical illness, whether for themselves or for those caretaking for family members and friends with chronic pain.
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed out, stuck or unsure of who you can talk to? These days, many people who have never struggled, or who have had ups and downs, are finding themselves to be in greater need of having a supportive sounding board. Primarily utilizing a cognitive behavioral approach, I focus on finding solutions for goals identified together in therapy, within a supportive, non-judgmental space. I work exclusively with individual adults, ages 18 and up.
I also have a special interest in helping clients develop strategies for coping with chronic pain and medical illness, whether for themselves or for those caretaking for family members and friends with chronic pain.
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed out, stuck or unsure of who you can talk to? These days, many people who have never struggled, or who have had ups and downs, are finding themselves to be in greater need of having a supportive sounding board. Primarily utilizing a cognitive behavioral approach, I focus on finding solutions for goals identified together in therapy, within a supportive, non-judgmental space. I work exclusively with individual adults, ages 18 and up.
(214) 736-1910 View (214) 736-1910
Photo of Life Navigation Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in Dallas, TX
Life Navigation Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, LCDC
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75248
Trauma and stress have an emotional, psychological and physical impact. We see clients who are experiencing PTSD and other common co-occurring disorders including Functional Neurological Disorders (FND), Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures (PNES), chronic pain, illness, and addiction. All of these issues can be addressed using empirically proven techniques that address the whole person - body, mind and spirit. You and your therapist will work together to select from a number of specialties and treatment approaches.
Trauma and stress have an emotional, psychological and physical impact. We see clients who are experiencing PTSD and other common co-occurring disorders including Functional Neurological Disorders (FND), Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures (PNES), chronic pain, illness, and addiction. All of these issues can be addressed using empirically proven techniques that address the whole person - body, mind and spirit. You and your therapist will work together to select from a number of specialties and treatment approaches.
(972) 236-7744 View (972) 236-7744
Photo of Jo Anne Sheehan Spears, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Dallas, TX
Jo Anne Sheehan Spears
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75204
Life is too short to live in pain, fear or without joy. I love to help clients resolve issues, improve relationships and find the joy in their life. If you are ready to work to discover why you keep repeating the same problems or situations or you struggle with feeling down or anxious, then I am ready to help you find solutions.
Life is too short to live in pain, fear or without joy. I love to help clients resolve issues, improve relationships and find the joy in their life. If you are ready to work to discover why you keep repeating the same problems or situations or you struggle with feeling down or anxious, then I am ready to help you find solutions.
(214) 296-0101 View (214) 296-0101
Photo of Nancy A. Didriksen, Psychologist in Dallas, TX
Nancy A. Didriksen
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75231
I have specialized in the evaluation and treatment of patients with chemical / environmental sensitivity and/or who have been exposed to neurotoxic substances for more than 30 years. I conduct neuropsychological evaluations for litigation and/or disability issues (private or Social Security disability). I also evaluate patients with ME/CFS, fibromyalgia, Lyme disease, MS and chronic pain. The goal of therapy is to reduce stress, anxiety, and depression associated with chronic physical illness and improve coping ability.                                                                
I have specialized in the evaluation and treatment of patients with chemical / environmental sensitivity and/or who have been exposed to neurotoxic substances for more than 30 years. I conduct neuropsychological evaluations for litigation and/or disability issues (private or Social Security disability). I also evaluate patients with ME/CFS, fibromyalgia, Lyme disease, MS and chronic pain. The goal of therapy is to reduce stress, anxiety, and depression associated with chronic physical illness and improve coping ability.                                                                
(972) 528-9081 View (972) 528-9081
Photo of Marian Zimmerman, Psychologist in Dallas, TX
Marian Zimmerman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, TX 75240
I provide cognitive behavioral therapy, motivation enhancement, stress management, behavioral sleep medicine, chronic pain management, relaxation training, mindfulness practice, and psychological testing, as well as individual psychotherapy.
I take a whole body approach to health and illness with a focus on how the mind influences the body just as the body influences the mind. Anxiety, depression, and stress can impact health and exacerbate chronic pain, heart disease, insomnia, and other medical problems. However, addressing the emotional aspects of medical conditions can improve quality of life and physical health. Also, psychological principles can help enhance wellness and lead to lasting behavioral changes. As a health psychologist, I can help you emotionally cope with medical conditions, make healthy lifestyle choices, and learn skills to move forward with your life.
I provide cognitive behavioral therapy, motivation enhancement, stress management, behavioral sleep medicine, chronic pain management, relaxation training, mindfulness practice, and psychological testing, as well as individual psychotherapy.
I take a whole body approach to health and illness with a focus on how the mind influences the body just as the body influences the mind. Anxiety, depression, and stress can impact health and exacerbate chronic pain, heart disease, insomnia, and other medical problems. However, addressing the emotional aspects of medical conditions can improve quality of life and physical health. Also, psychological principles can help enhance wellness and lead to lasting behavioral changes. As a health psychologist, I can help you emotionally cope with medical conditions, make healthy lifestyle choices, and learn skills to move forward with your life.
(214) 935-3975 View (214) 935-3975
Photo of Cherie Spellman, Marriage & Family Therapist in Dallas, TX
Cherie Spellman
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Dallas, TX 75201
Get unstuck, heal from trauma, and find relief from physical pain and tension. I provide individualized therapy to every unique person, helping you to find new ways to grow, change, and connect to yourself and others. I help clients with physical and emotional trauma, anxiety, depression, sport injury and sport performance, PTSD, stuck patterns of behavior, unwanted emotional reactions, and performance and creativity enhancement. Client's response to the body/brain approach is awe in noticing things they never have and making new connections that are felt in a way that they can actually take action on.
Get unstuck, heal from trauma, and find relief from physical pain and tension. I provide individualized therapy to every unique person, helping you to find new ways to grow, change, and connect to yourself and others. I help clients with physical and emotional trauma, anxiety, depression, sport injury and sport performance, PTSD, stuck patterns of behavior, unwanted emotional reactions, and performance and creativity enhancement. Client's response to the body/brain approach is awe in noticing things they never have and making new connections that are felt in a way that they can actually take action on.
(682) 228-3790 View (682) 228-3790
Photo of Kelly Knight, Licensed Professional Counselor in Dallas, TX
Kelly Knight
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75218  (Online Only)
Chronic pain and illness can impact all aspects of a person’s life. They can be physically and mentally debilitating and directly affect relationships, work, finances, confidence, and ability to complete even simple daily tasks. If you are having trouble managing symptoms of pain, illness, side effects from treatment, or feeling stressed, worried, or isolated, you are not alone. Millions of people are struggling with health issues, and those around them don’t always understand, don’t know how to help, or both. It can be overwhelming and difficult to handle on your own.
Chronic pain and illness can impact all aspects of a person’s life. They can be physically and mentally debilitating and directly affect relationships, work, finances, confidence, and ability to complete even simple daily tasks. If you are having trouble managing symptoms of pain, illness, side effects from treatment, or feeling stressed, worried, or isolated, you are not alone. Millions of people are struggling with health issues, and those around them don’t always understand, don’t know how to help, or both. It can be overwhelming and difficult to handle on your own.
(469) 608-2346 View (469) 608-2346
Photo of Patricia Callahan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Dallas, TX
Patricia Callahan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, TX 75228  (Online Only)
Find relief from anxiety and depression related to a cancer diagnosis or other serious or chronic illness through the proven techniques of Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART). Whether you or a loved one are facing significant health issues, you can experience freedom from the overwhelming daily istress of it all: unending medical appoinmtments, treatment side effects, uncertainty about the future, money worries, and a lack of understanding from people close to you who don't get what you're going through.
Find relief from anxiety and depression related to a cancer diagnosis or other serious or chronic illness through the proven techniques of Accelerated Resolution Therapy (ART). Whether you or a loved one are facing significant health issues, you can experience freedom from the overwhelming daily istress of it all: unending medical appoinmtments, treatment side effects, uncertainty about the future, money worries, and a lack of understanding from people close to you who don't get what you're going through.
(469) 589-4793 View (469) 589-4793
Photo of Rose Dunn, Psychologist in Dallas, TX
Rose Dunn
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, TX 75231
Welcome! I’m glad you are here. My specialties include helping clients navigate life transitions, improve their relationships, and cope with chronic illness or injuries. During our work together, you can count on me to be present and supportive in your journey. I will be available to listen without judgment. We will work together to cultivate acceptance and compassion for your emotions, while also working to create meaningful change in patterns or behaviors that are no longer serving you.
Welcome! I’m glad you are here. My specialties include helping clients navigate life transitions, improve their relationships, and cope with chronic illness or injuries. During our work together, you can count on me to be present and supportive in your journey. I will be available to listen without judgment. We will work together to cultivate acceptance and compassion for your emotions, while also working to create meaningful change in patterns or behaviors that are no longer serving you.
(469) 414-5462 View (469) 414-5462
Photo of Gloria Ester Gonzalez, Licensed Professional Counselor in Dallas, TX
Gloria Ester Gonzalez
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75209
I have worked with children, teens, and adults with a variety of problems like families involved with CPS, parenting skills, mental illness, addiction treatment for individuals & their families, unemployed individuals (career counseling), depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, anger issues, bullying, marital problems, self-injury, abuse, grief, & many more.
There is not a specific type of therapeutic style or approach that works for everyone: age, ethnicity, all of this may play a part into stressors and how we cope with them. Therefore, the services are built around the individuals or family needs, focusing on strengths and values. I believe there is nothing we can’t overcome and the first step is seeking the help. Therapy is about acquiring the tools we need when faced with adversity. If you’re reading this, then you’re already on your way to change. Life is full of challenges, struggles, and stressful situations. WE have all been there before.
I have worked with children, teens, and adults with a variety of problems like families involved with CPS, parenting skills, mental illness, addiction treatment for individuals & their families, unemployed individuals (career counseling), depression, anxiety, suicidal ideation, anger issues, bullying, marital problems, self-injury, abuse, grief, & many more.
There is not a specific type of therapeutic style or approach that works for everyone: age, ethnicity, all of this may play a part into stressors and how we cope with them. Therefore, the services are built around the individuals or family needs, focusing on strengths and values. I believe there is nothing we can’t overcome and the first step is seeking the help. Therapy is about acquiring the tools we need when faced with adversity. If you’re reading this, then you’re already on your way to change. Life is full of challenges, struggles, and stressful situations. WE have all been there before.
(325) 221-2847 View (325) 221-2847
Photo of Dorothy Knoll, Licensed Professional Counselor in Dallas, TX
Dorothy Knoll
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC, NCC, CCTP
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75204
My work with clients who live with chronic pain is also a speciality.
The client and I are partners in developing the skills necessary for managing the stresses of life while determining what a meaningful life looks like for them. Although we look at the past to learn from it, the client and I generally focus on the present and future and the unique strengths of the client. This collaborative model of therapy aids the client in taking more control of their life.
My work with clients who live with chronic pain is also a speciality.
The client and I are partners in developing the skills necessary for managing the stresses of life while determining what a meaningful life looks like for them. Although we look at the past to learn from it, the client and I generally focus on the present and future and the unique strengths of the client. This collaborative model of therapy aids the client in taking more control of their life.
(913) 828-4670 View (913) 828-4670
Photo of Dennis Burchette, Psychologist in Dallas, TX
Dennis Burchette
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, TX 75206
Burchette has extensive experience treating clients with various concerns including depression, anxiety, other mood disorders, OCD, trauma, pain management, and relationship and behavioral difficulties.
Dr. Burchette is a Licensed Psychologist with specialized training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). He brings a wealth of experience through his background of working with a diverse population of children, adolescents, and adults in both clinical and medical settings. Dr. Burchette received his doctoral degree from the APA-accredited Clinical Psychology program at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. During his graduate training, he worked with a range of patients presenting with comorbid physical and mental health concerns in a variety of settings.
Burchette has extensive experience treating clients with various concerns including depression, anxiety, other mood disorders, OCD, trauma, pain management, and relationship and behavioral difficulties.
Dr. Burchette is a Licensed Psychologist with specialized training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). He brings a wealth of experience through his background of working with a diverse population of children, adolescents, and adults in both clinical and medical settings. Dr. Burchette received his doctoral degree from the APA-accredited Clinical Psychology program at UT Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. During his graduate training, he worked with a range of patients presenting with comorbid physical and mental health concerns in a variety of settings.
(214) 247-7919 View (214) 247-7919
Photo of Zahara Williams, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Dallas, TX
Zahara Williams
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, TX 75219  (Online Only)
I approach therapy with the ideology that life is a culmination of interconnected parts. Feelings stem from experiences, experiences influence perceptions, and subsequently guide many of the decisions one makes in life. When individuals experience stagnation or challenges, it may be connected to an array of life experiences. This may lead to a challenge with seeing beyond that which is. The subsequent result may serve as a breeding ground for emotional and physical pain, challenges in interpersonal relationships and unresolved grief.
I approach therapy with the ideology that life is a culmination of interconnected parts. Feelings stem from experiences, experiences influence perceptions, and subsequently guide many of the decisions one makes in life. When individuals experience stagnation or challenges, it may be connected to an array of life experiences. This may lead to a challenge with seeing beyond that which is. The subsequent result may serve as a breeding ground for emotional and physical pain, challenges in interpersonal relationships and unresolved grief.
(214) 225-8560 View (214) 225-8560
Photo of Michael Guziejka, Marriage & Family Therapist in Dallas, TX
Michael Guziejka
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Dallas, TX 75214
While I will be with you in your pain, I will also challenge you when the time is right.
How often are you able to sit with someone who is willing to explore absolutely anything going on in your life without judgment? The therapy relationship is unlike any other relationship. I believe that when we feel safe enough to talk about what may normally be embarrassing or shameful, and our vulnerability is met with understanding, real change and healing can happen.
While I will be with you in your pain, I will also challenge you when the time is right.
How often are you able to sit with someone who is willing to explore absolutely anything going on in your life without judgment? The therapy relationship is unlike any other relationship. I believe that when we feel safe enough to talk about what may normally be embarrassing or shameful, and our vulnerability is met with understanding, real change and healing can happen.
(469) 283-5567 View (469) 283-5567
Photo of Christelle Garza, Pre-Licensed Professional in Dallas, TX
Christelle Garza
Pre-Licensed Professional, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, TX 75231  (Online Only)
My focus is on treating depression, anxiety, relationship issues, infertility/fertility difficulties, trauma/PTSD, adjustment disorders, manage chronic pain, sleep, and or stress.
My goal is to provide an inclusive and supportive therapy environment that allows a safe space to my clients to experience their emotions, share their struggles and challenges and grow and develop new skills that will help improve their life. If you are depressed, feeling anxious, have chronic stress, experiencing loss and grief, I can work with you in identifying your therapy needs. I believe that therapy should be individualized and tailored to each person.
My focus is on treating depression, anxiety, relationship issues, infertility/fertility difficulties, trauma/PTSD, adjustment disorders, manage chronic pain, sleep, and or stress.
My goal is to provide an inclusive and supportive therapy environment that allows a safe space to my clients to experience their emotions, share their struggles and challenges and grow and develop new skills that will help improve their life. If you are depressed, feeling anxious, have chronic stress, experiencing loss and grief, I can work with you in identifying your therapy needs. I believe that therapy should be individualized and tailored to each person.
(469) 824-9630 View (469) 824-9630
Photo of Sara Black, Licensed Professional Counselor in Dallas, TX
Sara Black
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC-S, LCDC, CCTP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, TX 75248
Typically, clients come to see me when their previous experiences with traditional "talk" therapy haven't helped to resolve their symptoms. Trauma and stress have an emotional, psychological and physical impact, but we often need to start treatment at the most basic level: calming the nervous system. I see clients who are experiencing chronic pain, illness, addiction, PTSD and other common co-occurring disorders including Functional Neurological Disorders (FND) or Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures (PNES). All of these issues can be treated using empirically proven techniques that address the whole person - body, mind and spirit.
Typically, clients come to see me when their previous experiences with traditional "talk" therapy haven't helped to resolve their symptoms. Trauma and stress have an emotional, psychological and physical impact, but we often need to start treatment at the most basic level: calming the nervous system. I see clients who are experiencing chronic pain, illness, addiction, PTSD and other common co-occurring disorders including Functional Neurological Disorders (FND) or Psychogenic Non-Epileptic Seizures (PNES). All of these issues can be treated using empirically proven techniques that address the whole person - body, mind and spirit.
(972) 863-7133 View (972) 863-7133
Chronic Pain Therapists

How does chronic pain therapy work?

Engaging with a psychotherapist to help treat chronic pain does not mean that one’s pain is all in their head. Therapy for chronic-pain patients has been shown to benefit both the mind and the body, targeting physical symptoms and increasing daily functioning. In other words, for many, addressing their emotional health through therapy affects their physical health. A therapist can help a client challenge unhelpful thoughts about pain and develop new ways to respond to it, such as distraction or calming breathing techniques. Studies have found that therapy can be as effective as surgery for certain cases of chronic pain and many doctors recommend trying psychotherapy in advance of considering invasive surgery.

What are the most effective treatment options for chronic pain?

Stress, anxiety, depression, catastrophizing, ruminating, lack of activity, and social withdrawal all make chronic pain worse. Addressing these issues, research shows, can help people gain control over their pain symptoms. Therapeutic approaches such as cognitive behavioral therapy, biofeedback, and mindfulness-based stress reduction, along with greater pain-management education, have been found to help people reduce fear and disability.

Are there new treatments for chronic pain?

Many cases of chronic pain, particularly those involving back pain, remain medically unexplained. But there is evidence that changes in the brain or nervous system are caused by previous physical ailments such as tissue damage; in such cases, the brain may continue to send out pain signals despite the physical cause having healed. To aid patients under these circumstances, a recently developed treatment known as pain reprocessing therapy (PRT) is designed to help the brain “unlearn” this response. A PRT practitioner helps individuals to reduce the “threat value” of their ongoing pain signals until they can reappraise them as less threatening and fear-inducing. They also help an individual to develop new emotional regulation skills.

How long does therapy for chronic pain take?

There is no set timeline for recovery from chronic pain, especially as there may be a range of physical and psychological causes for any individual’s discomfort, but most patients should expect to see a therapist for a number of weeks or months, typically spanning at least 12 sessions. Studies of pain reprocessing therapy found that many individuals’ experience of pain lessened in eight sessions over four weeks.