Therapists in Coppell, TX

Photo of Kathy Sexton Scalise, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Kathy Sexton Scalise
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019  (Online Only)
After twenty six years in practice I still look forward to helping people piece together their lives. I strive to help them heal from their past while empowering them to be active participants in their present and future health and happiness. Individuals, couples and families can grow through adversities and heal. I incorporate very practical techniques for change which include but are not limited to: CBT (Cognitive Behavioral), Solution Focused, and Mind-Body. I integrate into the counseling relationship compassion, education, and coaching to help bring about growth and change. Specialize in Cancer/Medical Disorders and LBGTQ.
After twenty six years in practice I still look forward to helping people piece together their lives. I strive to help them heal from their past while empowering them to be active participants in their present and future health and happiness. Individuals, couples and families can grow through adversities and heal. I incorporate very practical techniques for change which include but are not limited to: CBT (Cognitive Behavioral), Solution Focused, and Mind-Body. I integrate into the counseling relationship compassion, education, and coaching to help bring about growth and change. Specialize in Cancer/Medical Disorders and LBGTQ.
(214) 206-4256 View (214) 206-4256
Photo of Spandana Maitra, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Spandana Maitra
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019
I welcome any individual into the space of counseling and working on personal goals. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, or need some support through a life transition - my hope is that you find safety and comfort within the space we create together. The hardest part about therapy is making that first call, and for you to have done that is a brave thing. The main hope I have for you is the courage to be vulnerable in this nonjudgmental space - we can get there together and start pursuing the life you want for yourself!
I welcome any individual into the space of counseling and working on personal goals. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression, ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, or need some support through a life transition - my hope is that you find safety and comfort within the space we create together. The hardest part about therapy is making that first call, and for you to have done that is a brave thing. The main hope I have for you is the courage to be vulnerable in this nonjudgmental space - we can get there together and start pursuing the life you want for yourself!
(469) 489-3913 View (469) 489-3913
Photo of Kendra Apple, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Kendra Apple
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, MS
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019
Are you feeling sad or disappointed? Stuck with the way life is going? Often this brings confusion and the struggle to move forward. Everyone can experience feelings of irritability, depression and anxiety at various times in their life. It may be unresolved trauma or a difficult life situation. Connecting the dots can happen through sharing your unique story in a safe authentic setting. For three decades, I have helped people in various contexts work to make sense of hurtful experiences to move towards a lasting healthy perspective. I have witnessed many clients enjoy a renewed sense of hope, self-worth and improved relationships.
Are you feeling sad or disappointed? Stuck with the way life is going? Often this brings confusion and the struggle to move forward. Everyone can experience feelings of irritability, depression and anxiety at various times in their life. It may be unresolved trauma or a difficult life situation. Connecting the dots can happen through sharing your unique story in a safe authentic setting. For three decades, I have helped people in various contexts work to make sense of hurtful experiences to move towards a lasting healthy perspective. I have witnessed many clients enjoy a renewed sense of hope, self-worth and improved relationships.
(817) 383-0638 View (817) 383-0638
Photo of Lavene Counseling PLLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Lavene Counseling PLLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Coppell, TX 75019  (Online Only)
Lauren’s clients appreciate her expertise in anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, trauma, grief, stress management, and promoting healthy and strong interpersonal relationships. She can assist in healing from divorce and working through issues related to perinatal or postpartum depression/anxiety and parenting. Lauren also offers experience and a passion for working with the unique and complex stressors of military service members, first responders, aviation professionals and their families. She enjoys working with children (10 and up), adolescents, and adults, and will create a treatment plan specifically tailored for you.
Lauren’s clients appreciate her expertise in anxiety, depression, bipolar disorder, trauma, grief, stress management, and promoting healthy and strong interpersonal relationships. She can assist in healing from divorce and working through issues related to perinatal or postpartum depression/anxiety and parenting. Lauren also offers experience and a passion for working with the unique and complex stressors of military service members, first responders, aviation professionals and their families. She enjoys working with children (10 and up), adolescents, and adults, and will create a treatment plan specifically tailored for you.
(214) 833-8454 View (214) 833-8454
Photo of Marcela C Montes, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Marcela C Montes
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019  (Online Only)
At times life presents itself with challenges that make us feel powerless. I believe in people’s ability to control their thoughts and emotions, and to overcome difficult situations. I believe in people’s capacity to change and strive for growth as a continuum. People can learn from their experiences but not be defined by them. My goal is to guide you through choosing a new path to wellness and health.
At times life presents itself with challenges that make us feel powerless. I believe in people’s ability to control their thoughts and emotions, and to overcome difficult situations. I believe in people’s capacity to change and strive for growth as a continuum. People can learn from their experiences but not be defined by them. My goal is to guide you through choosing a new path to wellness and health.
(972) 793-3905 View (972) 793-3905
Photo of Laura Austin, Psychologist in Coppell, TX
Laura Austin
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019
I am a pediatric psychologist with over 2 decades of experience helping kids and their families develop and thrive. I specialize in pediatric feeding disorder and in PC-CARE informed parenting. I work both in person and over telehealth, and I can provide telehealth services in most states across the country. Feeding and parenting services can be provided individually or in a group setting. I have worked for children's hospitals in the DFW area since 2001, and I look forward to bringing my experiences to support you and your child. To learn more visit www.austinpetriepsychology.com.
I am a pediatric psychologist with over 2 decades of experience helping kids and their families develop and thrive. I specialize in pediatric feeding disorder and in PC-CARE informed parenting. I work both in person and over telehealth, and I can provide telehealth services in most states across the country. Feeding and parenting services can be provided individually or in a group setting. I have worked for children's hospitals in the DFW area since 2001, and I look forward to bringing my experiences to support you and your child. To learn more visit www.austinpetriepsychology.com.
(972) 521-4207 View (972) 521-4207
Photo of Floyd Russell Crites Jr., Counselor in Coppell, TX
Floyd Russell Crites Jr.
Counselor, LPC, LMFT, LSSP, NBCCH, CPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Coppell, TX 75019
If you're looking for extra support and guidance through a challenging situation, need testing to help determine how to help you or your child handle life, school or work more effectively, or if you want to improve your life situation or relationship I look forward to working with you. I am a solution focused therapist who enjoys working with clients as they journey through hard times. This is especially true in regards to marriage or relationship issues. Helping save or better a relationship is one of the greatest benefits I get from doing therapy
If you're looking for extra support and guidance through a challenging situation, need testing to help determine how to help you or your child handle life, school or work more effectively, or if you want to improve your life situation or relationship I look forward to working with you. I am a solution focused therapist who enjoys working with clients as they journey through hard times. This is especially true in regards to marriage or relationship issues. Helping save or better a relationship is one of the greatest benefits I get from doing therapy
(972) 295-9866 View (972) 295-9866
Photo of Mark Van Zant, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Mark Van Zant
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Coppell, TX 75019
I focus on providing quality, results oriented counseling services to teens, adults, as well as families. I assist with anxiety, depression, faith, marriage, parenting, work stress, and more. I use well-researched approaches including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). Working alongside you, we can identify the repetitive stresses that are clouding your way. Then exploring and plotting a new route that will allow you to move forward to being the person, the parent, the child, the friend, the leader you are capable of becoming and called to be. I can reach ALL areas of Texas via video counseling making scheduling even easier..
I focus on providing quality, results oriented counseling services to teens, adults, as well as families. I assist with anxiety, depression, faith, marriage, parenting, work stress, and more. I use well-researched approaches including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). Working alongside you, we can identify the repetitive stresses that are clouding your way. Then exploring and plotting a new route that will allow you to move forward to being the person, the parent, the child, the friend, the leader you are capable of becoming and called to be. I can reach ALL areas of Texas via video counseling making scheduling even easier..
(469) 410-3467 View (469) 410-3467
Photo of Devon Estes, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Devon Estes
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019  (Online Only)
“I thought I would be married by now.” “Why do I keep picking the same kind of partner?” “It’s like my parents don’t respect me as an adult!” “No one respects my ‘no’.” “I feel like I’m drowning.” “Maybe I should get another degree.” “Why does it seem like everyone around me is a narcissist?” "I don't know if I'm making the right decision." "I feel stuck." “I can’t trust anyone. People always disappoint me.” “I don’t want to burden anyone else with my stuff, they have their own problems.” “I’m there for everyone else but no one is there for me.”
“I thought I would be married by now.” “Why do I keep picking the same kind of partner?” “It’s like my parents don’t respect me as an adult!” “No one respects my ‘no’.” “I feel like I’m drowning.” “Maybe I should get another degree.” “Why does it seem like everyone around me is a narcissist?” "I don't know if I'm making the right decision." "I feel stuck." “I can’t trust anyone. People always disappoint me.” “I don’t want to burden anyone else with my stuff, they have their own problems.” “I’m there for everyone else but no one is there for me.”
(214) 225-2385 View (214) 225-2385
Photo of Teri Ann Sartor, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Teri Ann Sartor
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC-S, NCC, CHST
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019
Your kid is not who they used to be and is not the happy kid you know and love. I want to help your child or adolescent thrive, not struggle. They may be struggling with depression, anxiety, or anger. They are not engaging, isolated, grades are dropping, and you don't know why. You want what is best for your child and need additional support to help them.
Your kid is not who they used to be and is not the happy kid you know and love. I want to help your child or adolescent thrive, not struggle. They may be struggling with depression, anxiety, or anger. They are not engaging, isolated, grades are dropping, and you don't know why. You want what is best for your child and need additional support to help them.
(214) 833-8165 View (214) 833-8165
Photo of Kimberly Hatley, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Kimberly Hatley
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC-S, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Coppell, TX 75019
Thank you for the opportunity to introduce myself! Life is stressful and may feel overwhelming at times. I'm devoted to helping you with your life's puzzles, which might be a barrier to your happiness. I enjoy working with adult individuals, couples, and families who need compassionate support, while facing a variety of challenging issues. I also provide services to individuals and businesses, who need support after dramatic events, such as lay-offs or workplace disruptions, which affect many folks these days. I've worked and trained with many first responders -fire fighters, police and EMTs. Let me support your healing journey.
Thank you for the opportunity to introduce myself! Life is stressful and may feel overwhelming at times. I'm devoted to helping you with your life's puzzles, which might be a barrier to your happiness. I enjoy working with adult individuals, couples, and families who need compassionate support, while facing a variety of challenging issues. I also provide services to individuals and businesses, who need support after dramatic events, such as lay-offs or workplace disruptions, which affect many folks these days. I've worked and trained with many first responders -fire fighters, police and EMTs. Let me support your healing journey.
(972) 528-8210 View (972) 528-8210
Photo of Reynolds Counseling Services, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Reynolds Counseling Services
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019
When we need a little extra help in life and want someone to talk to, that's when we seek help from professionals in the field of counseling. At Reynolds Counseling Services, we are here to help you work through your most pressing issues.
When we need a little extra help in life and want someone to talk to, that's when we seek help from professionals in the field of counseling. At Reynolds Counseling Services, we are here to help you work through your most pressing issues.
(469) 264-8238 View (469) 264-8238
Photo of Dr. Audrey Kteily, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Dr. Audrey Kteily
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, LPC-S
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019
Dr Audrey has been delivering next level therapy to individuals, couples, and families for over 20 years. With a PhD in Family Studies / Family Therapy and a license as a Professional Counselor/Supervisor, her expertise brings clarity to complex situations quickly. Dr Audrey's passion for healing and strengthening today's families is present in all of her work. This includes empowering parents to become more effective and confident, building healthy boundaries and teaching positive conflict strategies with all family members.
Dr Audrey has been delivering next level therapy to individuals, couples, and families for over 20 years. With a PhD in Family Studies / Family Therapy and a license as a Professional Counselor/Supervisor, her expertise brings clarity to complex situations quickly. Dr Audrey's passion for healing and strengthening today's families is present in all of her work. This includes empowering parents to become more effective and confident, building healthy boundaries and teaching positive conflict strategies with all family members.
(469) 606-3525 View (469) 606-3525
Photo of Nicole Catlett, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Nicole Catlett
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, Intern
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019  (Online Only)
My name is Nicole Catlett and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor Intern underneath the supervision of Sascha L. Webb at the Well Counseling Center in Coppell, Texas. My passion for serving others lies in the belief that everyone has the capacity to choose change no matter the circumstances that life may bring. I have experience working with marital issues associated with affairs, post traumatic stress disorder, changes in job status, financial set backs, communication and trust issues.
My name is Nicole Catlett and I am a Licensed Professional Counselor Intern underneath the supervision of Sascha L. Webb at the Well Counseling Center in Coppell, Texas. My passion for serving others lies in the belief that everyone has the capacity to choose change no matter the circumstances that life may bring. I have experience working with marital issues associated with affairs, post traumatic stress disorder, changes in job status, financial set backs, communication and trust issues.
(214) 427-8249 View (214) 427-8249
Photo of Katherine Glassey, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Katherine Glassey
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019
As a licensed counselor, my hope for my clients is for them to know their value and purpose. I believe counseling is a beautiful resource for those who desire to know and care for themselves better. I strive in every counseling session to honor every client’s uniqueness and strengths, as I believe it takes a great amount of courage and vulnerability to show up to counseling. My hope is to be able to come alongside my clients in their journey and work with them to set and achieve any personal goals they have for themselves.
As a licensed counselor, my hope for my clients is for them to know their value and purpose. I believe counseling is a beautiful resource for those who desire to know and care for themselves better. I strive in every counseling session to honor every client’s uniqueness and strengths, as I believe it takes a great amount of courage and vulnerability to show up to counseling. My hope is to be able to come alongside my clients in their journey and work with them to set and achieve any personal goals they have for themselves.
(972) 782-4429 View (972) 782-4429
Photo of Magela Robinson, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Magela Robinson
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, RPT-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Coppell, TX 75019  (Online Only)
From time to time, we may all find ourselves with needing additional emotional support and someone to be able to process our feelings with. At my practice, you will find exceptional therapy services that are provided in a safe, accepting and non judgmental setting. Whether you are looking for individual therapy, parenting support, or EMDR to process presenting concerns such as trauma, anxiety, depression, relationships, women’s issues, and grief I am here to provide support.
From time to time, we may all find ourselves with needing additional emotional support and someone to be able to process our feelings with. At my practice, you will find exceptional therapy services that are provided in a safe, accepting and non judgmental setting. Whether you are looking for individual therapy, parenting support, or EMDR to process presenting concerns such as trauma, anxiety, depression, relationships, women’s issues, and grief I am here to provide support.
(817) 646-8139 View (817) 646-8139
Photo of Jean Gray, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Coppell, TX
Jean Gray
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019
I am a versatile therapist skilled in assessments, intakes, crisis management, substance use, domestic violence, trauma, women's issues, anxiety and depression. I have been trained in EMDR, solutions-focused therapy, structural family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and dialectical behavioral therapy, among other treatment modalities.
I am a versatile therapist skilled in assessments, intakes, crisis management, substance use, domestic violence, trauma, women's issues, anxiety and depression. I have been trained in EMDR, solutions-focused therapy, structural family therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and dialectical behavioral therapy, among other treatment modalities.
(214) 214-4303 View (214) 214-4303
Photo of Nina Belfrom, Psychologist in Coppell, TX
Nina Belfrom
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Coppell, TX 75019
Not accepting new clients
Are you struggling with a sense of direction in your life? Perhaps you have found it difficult to make sense of past or present experiences causing you pain or worry? I view therapy as a powerful opportunity to share your story. In doing so my clients come to new insights and feel empowered to make healthier choices for their lives. As your therapist you can rely on the strength of our relationship as a vehicle for change. My approach is grounded in warmth, genuineness, and a true appreciation for the inherent strength and resilience that exists in all of my clients
Are you struggling with a sense of direction in your life? Perhaps you have found it difficult to make sense of past or present experiences causing you pain or worry? I view therapy as a powerful opportunity to share your story. In doing so my clients come to new insights and feel empowered to make healthier choices for their lives. As your therapist you can rely on the strength of our relationship as a vehicle for change. My approach is grounded in warmth, genuineness, and a true appreciation for the inherent strength and resilience that exists in all of my clients
(214) 614-6611 View (214) 614-6611
Photo of Creative Counseling for Kids, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Creative Counseling for Kids
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Coppell, TX 75019
Child-Centered Play Therapy Gets Results for Every Child and Every Situation! CCPT may include art, sandtray, play, and talk/CBT. Finding a therapist that will meet you and your child's needs may be stressful. I have the education, experience, and skills to lead you and your child through their journey. If your child is overwhelmed by big emotions, trauma, feeling anxious, depressed, sexual assault, acting out, trouble sleeping, difficulty communicating wants and needs, ADHD, school & peer issues, etc..I can help. I provide your child opportunities to learn, heal & thrive in a safe, secure, fun and nurturing environment.
Child-Centered Play Therapy Gets Results for Every Child and Every Situation! CCPT may include art, sandtray, play, and talk/CBT. Finding a therapist that will meet you and your child's needs may be stressful. I have the education, experience, and skills to lead you and your child through their journey. If your child is overwhelmed by big emotions, trauma, feeling anxious, depressed, sexual assault, acting out, trouble sleeping, difficulty communicating wants and needs, ADHD, school & peer issues, etc..I can help. I provide your child opportunities to learn, heal & thrive in a safe, secure, fun and nurturing environment.
(940) 461-8043 View (940) 461-8043
Photo of Leslie Crabtree, Licensed Professional Counselor in Coppell, TX
Leslie Crabtree
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Coppell, TX 75019  (Online Only)
I offer concierge therapy for individual adults struggling with all forms of anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, social anxiety, phobias, OCD, intrusive thoughts and all the physical, mental and emotional symptoms that come with it. I am an experienced specialist in this area as well as trauma recovery. Concierge therapy is the epitome of individualized, custom-fit services. We meet via Telehealth allowing you the convenience to have therapy wherever you are! You will have direct access if needed between sessions via secure text. This is individualized therapy and personalized service as I guide you through to recovery!
I offer concierge therapy for individual adults struggling with all forms of anxiety disorders such as panic disorder, social anxiety, phobias, OCD, intrusive thoughts and all the physical, mental and emotional symptoms that come with it. I am an experienced specialist in this area as well as trauma recovery. Concierge therapy is the epitome of individualized, custom-fit services. We meet via Telehealth allowing you the convenience to have therapy wherever you are! You will have direct access if needed between sessions via secure text. This is individualized therapy and personalized service as I guide you through to recovery!
(469) 361-5941 View (469) 361-5941

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Coppell, TX

100+

Average cost per session

$140

Therapists in Coppell, TX who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
91% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
76% Coping Skills
76% Self Esteem
71% Stress
65% Grief

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

81% Aetna
78% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
74% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Coppell, TX see their clients

75% In Person and Online
25% Online Only

Gender breakdown

86% Female
14% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Coppell?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.