Therapists in Westmoreland, TN

Photo of Emily Webster Johnson, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Emily Webster Johnson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, EdS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Westmoreland, TN 37186
As a masters level clinician, I work alongside you to help you increase! I help individuals discover their authenticity, couples rekindle their intimacy and relationships establish unity. Whether you’re stuck, going through a transition in life or simply burnt out, I help you cultivate the roots of your wounds, plant healthy habits and water empowered beliefs so you grow into the best version of yourself and step into your life’s purpose. Are you ready to live a life of peace and freedom? Let’s Plant + Water together!
As a masters level clinician, I work alongside you to help you increase! I help individuals discover their authenticity, couples rekindle their intimacy and relationships establish unity. Whether you’re stuck, going through a transition in life or simply burnt out, I help you cultivate the roots of your wounds, plant healthy habits and water empowered beliefs so you grow into the best version of yourself and step into your life’s purpose. Are you ready to live a life of peace and freedom? Let’s Plant + Water together!
(615) 265-0897 View (615) 265-0897

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Shaine Talia Malekgoodar, Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Shaine Talia Malekgoodar
Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Bethpage, TN 37022
I work with a wide range of emotional and behavioral issues that include depression and grief counseling to parenting support, couples counseling and beyond. I specialize in helping individuals overcome the challenges that occur on a daily basis. I have found that everyday stress can become overwhelming and can result in self-destructive behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. I offer support and assistance in searching for ways to achieve growth in your personal life and relationships. In a comfortable and supportive atmosphere, I offer a highly personalized approach tailored to each of my clients individual needs to help attain the personal growth they're striving for.
I work with a wide range of emotional and behavioral issues that include depression and grief counseling to parenting support, couples counseling and beyond. I specialize in helping individuals overcome the challenges that occur on a daily basis. I have found that everyday stress can become overwhelming and can result in self-destructive behaviors, thoughts, and emotions. I offer support and assistance in searching for ways to achieve growth in your personal life and relationships. In a comfortable and supportive atmosphere, I offer a highly personalized approach tailored to each of my clients individual needs to help attain the personal growth they're striving for.
(615) 697-4584 View (615) 697-4584
Photo of Faith Danette Hurley, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Faith Danette Hurley
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Bethpage, TN 37022
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor that believes people can be empowered to reach their full potential. Therapy assists clients with discovering and developing the tools needed to live their best lives. I strive to help clients grow spiritually, physically, emotionally, intellectually, and socially.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor that believes people can be empowered to reach their full potential. Therapy assists clients with discovering and developing the tools needed to live their best lives. I strive to help clients grow spiritually, physically, emotionally, intellectually, and socially.
(615) 930-3543 View (615) 930-3543

Online Therapists

Photo of Gloria Dudley, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Gloria Dudley
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Clarksville, TN 37040
Life can be complicated, but together we can find ways to navigate it. Every client is unique, and my aim is to support clients through unconditional positive regard. I have a passion for analyzing concerns and creating ways to help clients combat concerns and living healthier lives.
Life can be complicated, but together we can find ways to navigate it. Every client is unique, and my aim is to support clients through unconditional positive regard. I have a passion for analyzing concerns and creating ways to help clients combat concerns and living healthier lives.
(931) 494-6803 View (931) 494-6803
Photo of Lucy Kozak Cesnik, Pre-Licensed Professional in Westmoreland, TN
Lucy Kozak Cesnik
Pre-Licensed Professional, MMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37212
Feeling overwhelmed by leadership or job stress? Balancing work and life a challenge? Yearning for connections, battling self-doubt? I'm Lucy, a former music industry exec turned therapist, and my journey is a bit more rock 'n' roll than your average counselor's. I left my executive job in 2022 after completing graduate studies and clinical training in psychology, relationships, authentic leadership, and behavior change. Now, I'm passionate about guiding my clients through career breakthroughs, relationship improvement, and LASTING change through my work in my private practice on Music Row and throughout Tennessee via Zoom.
Feeling overwhelmed by leadership or job stress? Balancing work and life a challenge? Yearning for connections, battling self-doubt? I'm Lucy, a former music industry exec turned therapist, and my journey is a bit more rock 'n' roll than your average counselor's. I left my executive job in 2022 after completing graduate studies and clinical training in psychology, relationships, authentic leadership, and behavior change. Now, I'm passionate about guiding my clients through career breakthroughs, relationship improvement, and LASTING change through my work in my private practice on Music Row and throughout Tennessee via Zoom.
(615) 282-5317 View (615) 282-5317
Photo of Maghan Eversmith, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Maghan Eversmith
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP, MA, NCC
Verified Verified
Hendersonville, TN 37075
Waitlist for new clients
My name is Maghan and I am glad you are here. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a Mental Health Service Provider designation LPC-MHSP. I have been working in the field of mental health for the past 6 years. I have experience in working with ages ranging from 3-90, helping client's with issues such as attention and impulse control, anxiety, panic attacks, depression, self-harm, suicidal ideation, relationship issues, managing expectations, developing discipline in daily life, setting life goals, self-esteem and self-image.
My name is Maghan and I am glad you are here. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor with a Mental Health Service Provider designation LPC-MHSP. I have been working in the field of mental health for the past 6 years. I have experience in working with ages ranging from 3-90, helping client's with issues such as attention and impulse control, anxiety, panic attacks, depression, self-harm, suicidal ideation, relationship issues, managing expectations, developing discipline in daily life, setting life goals, self-esteem and self-image.
(629) 217-0059 View (629) 217-0059
Photo of Joanna Dixon & Matters of the Heart Counseling,LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist in Westmoreland, TN
Joanna Dixon & Matters of the Heart Counseling,LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
19 Endorsed
Goodlettsville, TN 37072
WHICH COUNSELOR IS FOR ME? Well, Let us HELP YOU! We have more than 20 counselors with different gifts and specializations! And, our goal, is to work ourselves out of a job. Plain and simple. We don't want to keep you forever in therapy, we want to help you get through the CRISIS or the troubles that started you looking for help, equip you with the tools to handle challenges on your own, and send you out to live your life in a healthier direction. A healthy person is hands down, the best referral source for a counselor!
WHICH COUNSELOR IS FOR ME? Well, Let us HELP YOU! We have more than 20 counselors with different gifts and specializations! And, our goal, is to work ourselves out of a job. Plain and simple. We don't want to keep you forever in therapy, we want to help you get through the CRISIS or the troubles that started you looking for help, equip you with the tools to handle challenges on your own, and send you out to live your life in a healthier direction. A healthy person is hands down, the best referral source for a counselor!
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Photo of Halle Sullivan, Pre-Licensed Professional in Westmoreland, TN
Halle Sullivan
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brentwood, TN 37027
Are you a teen feeling anxious, depressed, or lonely? Are you a young adult feeling overwhelmed, uncertain, or disconnected? Are you a parent who feels disconnected from your child or exhausted trying to manage difficult behaviors? My mission is to help you and your family navigate challenging seasons of life with more joy and confidence. For teens and young adults, I know how important it is to feel seen, heard, and be equipped with tools and skills to navigate difficult feelings, relationships, and adjustment periods. For parents walking through adoption, divorce, or other challenges, you are not alone.
Are you a teen feeling anxious, depressed, or lonely? Are you a young adult feeling overwhelmed, uncertain, or disconnected? Are you a parent who feels disconnected from your child or exhausted trying to manage difficult behaviors? My mission is to help you and your family navigate challenging seasons of life with more joy and confidence. For teens and young adults, I know how important it is to feel seen, heard, and be equipped with tools and skills to navigate difficult feelings, relationships, and adjustment periods. For parents walking through adoption, divorce, or other challenges, you are not alone.
(615) 821-2115 View (615) 821-2115
Photo of Jessica Hurst-Leggett, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Jessica Hurst-Leggett
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPCMHSP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Lebanon, TN 37087
Do you struggle with ADHD, trauma, and an overwhelming life? Like you have too many plates spinning in the air, and you're just waiting for them to all come crashing down on you? Do you sometimes wonder if the symptoms you feel in your body are all in your head? Trauma is anything that overwhelms your brain's ability to cope. In addition to being a Trauma and EMDR therapist, I am completing the training and certification process to become a Trauma Yoga and Somatic Experiences and Healing practitioner. I work with young adult and adult clients of all ages to process the negative effects of trauma from both the mind and the body.
Do you struggle with ADHD, trauma, and an overwhelming life? Like you have too many plates spinning in the air, and you're just waiting for them to all come crashing down on you? Do you sometimes wonder if the symptoms you feel in your body are all in your head? Trauma is anything that overwhelms your brain's ability to cope. In addition to being a Trauma and EMDR therapist, I am completing the training and certification process to become a Trauma Yoga and Somatic Experiences and Healing practitioner. I work with young adult and adult clients of all ages to process the negative effects of trauma from both the mind and the body.
(615) 703-4389 View (615) 703-4389
Photo of Chuck Hearn, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Westmoreland, TN
Chuck Hearn
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37205
If you are looking for an experienced therapist, I have over 35 years working professionally in the Mental Health field. This includes working in hospital/treatment settings for family and personal addiction recovery, working at a community mental health center and 6 years working in a family counseling agency doing individual, family and group therapy. For the last 25 years, I have been in private practice seeing individual adults, currently through telehealth.
If you are looking for an experienced therapist, I have over 35 years working professionally in the Mental Health field. This includes working in hospital/treatment settings for family and personal addiction recovery, working at a community mental health center and 6 years working in a family counseling agency doing individual, family and group therapy. For the last 25 years, I have been in private practice seeing individual adults, currently through telehealth.
(615) 544-6620 View (615) 544-6620
Photo of Theraplaybook, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Westmoreland, TN
Theraplaybook
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Clarksville, TN 37040
We all have a superpower and it is to see the future; well at least we think we can see the future. Sometimes we get overwhelmed with "what if" and it prevents us from moving forward. What about sometimes losing memory of certain events or loss of ability to engage in the event. My goal is to assist those struggling with performance anxiety, mental blocks due to emotional distress and returning back to sports/life after injury. Through brain spotting, talk therapy, M.E.A.L. P.R.E.P framework and other therapeutic tools you will be able to implement and shift in order to move to the next play in your mental wellness.
We all have a superpower and it is to see the future; well at least we think we can see the future. Sometimes we get overwhelmed with "what if" and it prevents us from moving forward. What about sometimes losing memory of certain events or loss of ability to engage in the event. My goal is to assist those struggling with performance anxiety, mental blocks due to emotional distress and returning back to sports/life after injury. Through brain spotting, talk therapy, M.E.A.L. P.R.E.P framework and other therapeutic tools you will be able to implement and shift in order to move to the next play in your mental wellness.
(931) 213-7336 View (931) 213-7336
Photo of Cherri L McCord, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Cherri L McCord
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC-MHS, NCC
Verified Verified
White House, TN 37188  (Online Only)
Reaching out for help can be difficult but is very courageous. The truth is that we are all human and there comes a time in everyone's life where we need help. Maybe we just need a non-judgmental, open minded, trustworthy person that we can sit down and talk to. Someone that can really listen and help to sort out our feelings and our situation. Someone who can help to make better sense of what is going on and maybe even help to come up with a plan for changing it.
Reaching out for help can be difficult but is very courageous. The truth is that we are all human and there comes a time in everyone's life where we need help. Maybe we just need a non-judgmental, open minded, trustworthy person that we can sit down and talk to. Someone that can really listen and help to sort out our feelings and our situation. Someone who can help to make better sense of what is going on and maybe even help to come up with a plan for changing it.
(615) 675-9274 View (615) 675-9274
Photo of Chloe Lee, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Chloe Lee
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027
Chloe provides a safe and empowering environment that allows for positive change and personal growth by meeting her clients where they are. Her passion is helping others become confident in who they are and how they function in the world. She uses a fun and creative approach using art therapy alongside traditional counseling, which allows clients to express themselves beyond words. Some children and adolescents do not know how to explain what they are feeling or struggling with; Chloe helps them work through those feelings so they can better themselves and how they relate to others in their lives.
Chloe provides a safe and empowering environment that allows for positive change and personal growth by meeting her clients where they are. Her passion is helping others become confident in who they are and how they function in the world. She uses a fun and creative approach using art therapy alongside traditional counseling, which allows clients to express themselves beyond words. Some children and adolescents do not know how to explain what they are feeling or struggling with; Chloe helps them work through those feelings so they can better themselves and how they relate to others in their lives.
(615) 703-3371 View (615) 703-3371
Photo of Patricia McGuire, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Patricia McGuire
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37207
Are you curious about who are and how you show up in the world? Do you feel stuck in unhelpful patterns? You are not alone. Life can throw unexpected challenges our way and it can feel overwhelming and hopeless. Taking the deep dive into understanding yourself is incredibly brave (and can feel daunting, too!). We each have a unique story that impacts how we relate to ourselves and others. I would be honored to journey with you in your story. Let's dig in and explore your emotions, thoughts, and experiences. Together, we can discover your narratives, strengths, and find insight to help you move through life with more ease.
Are you curious about who are and how you show up in the world? Do you feel stuck in unhelpful patterns? You are not alone. Life can throw unexpected challenges our way and it can feel overwhelming and hopeless. Taking the deep dive into understanding yourself is incredibly brave (and can feel daunting, too!). We each have a unique story that impacts how we relate to ourselves and others. I would be honored to journey with you in your story. Let's dig in and explore your emotions, thoughts, and experiences. Together, we can discover your narratives, strengths, and find insight to help you move through life with more ease.
(629) 209-8538 View (629) 209-8538
Photo of Samantha Webb, LPC Intern in Westmoreland, TN
Samantha Webb
LPC Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37205
Within all of us is a story- when we are unable to express or recognize our own narratives we suffer. Each person needs space, a place where they can just be human and express how their stories have come to pass and all they wish to explore. By providing this space clients can work through their emotive disconnections and hone in on the steps that feel right to them when they feel ready for them.
Within all of us is a story- when we are unable to express or recognize our own narratives we suffer. Each person needs space, a place where they can just be human and express how their stories have come to pass and all they wish to explore. By providing this space clients can work through their emotive disconnections and hone in on the steps that feel right to them when they feel ready for them.
(615) 455-2722 View (615) 455-2722
Photo of Stacey Haslam, Marriage & Family Therapist in Westmoreland, TN
Stacey Haslam
Marriage & Family Therapist, TLMFT
Verified Verified
Franklin, TN 37064  (Online Only)
In a world where career demands overshadow personal fulfillment, you may find yourself at a crossroad. For the dedicated spouse of a high-powered executive, it’s about rediscovering identity beyond family life or rekindling a relationship overshadowed by a demanding career. For the high-achieving professional, it's the struggle to maintain a sense of well-being amid work pressures. It's about finding peace and fulfillment where they seem most elusive. You need a therapeutic perspective that not only comprehends the unique dynamics of your professional and personal life but also speaks the language of your daily experiences.
In a world where career demands overshadow personal fulfillment, you may find yourself at a crossroad. For the dedicated spouse of a high-powered executive, it’s about rediscovering identity beyond family life or rekindling a relationship overshadowed by a demanding career. For the high-achieving professional, it's the struggle to maintain a sense of well-being amid work pressures. It's about finding peace and fulfillment where they seem most elusive. You need a therapeutic perspective that not only comprehends the unique dynamics of your professional and personal life but also speaks the language of your daily experiences.
(615) 560-6752 x4809 View (615) 560-6752 x4809
Photo of Brenda Romero-Herrera, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Brenda Romero-Herrera
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-, MHSP, RPT
Verified Verified
Brentwood, TN 37027
Do you feel like life has lately become a roller coaster? You find asking yourself, "when will this stop?" Life is like a journey and sometimes the path gets a little bumpy, but it does not mean that we cannot reach our destination. We might have to slow down at times and reassess our route and possibly take a side road, however, other times we just have to slow down and be there. Trusting can be difficult and at times scary, but it can also be rewarding. As a therapist, I have learned that relationships can be very powerful and can truly help a person heal.
Do you feel like life has lately become a roller coaster? You find asking yourself, "when will this stop?" Life is like a journey and sometimes the path gets a little bumpy, but it does not mean that we cannot reach our destination. We might have to slow down at times and reassess our route and possibly take a side road, however, other times we just have to slow down and be there. Trusting can be difficult and at times scary, but it can also be rewarding. As a therapist, I have learned that relationships can be very powerful and can truly help a person heal.
(615) 510-4832 View (615) 510-4832
Photo of Raquel Waters, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Westmoreland, TN
Raquel Waters
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, MSSW
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Brentwood, TN 37027
So glad you're here! Together, in a space full of grace and love, mixed with a little bit (or a lot) of laughter, you can begin the journey to healing and wholeness. My style is collaborative - together we can create positive change in a warm, safe space where you are seen and understood with empathy and positive regard.
So glad you're here! Together, in a space full of grace and love, mixed with a little bit (or a lot) of laughter, you can begin the journey to healing and wholeness. My style is collaborative - together we can create positive change in a warm, safe space where you are seen and understood with empathy and positive regard.
(629) 238-0181 View (629) 238-0181
Photo of Gilda Linder, Licensed Professional Counselor in Westmoreland, TN
Gilda Linder
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP, (temp)
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37204
Everyone faces hardships and needs someone to walk alongside them through life’s challenges. I believe in holding space for my clients to feel seen, accepted, and safe within the therapeutic relationship. I view each individual as having unique and priceless value and feel collaborating with clients is an honor. I believe that strength, resilience, and growth are the rewards of those who dare to face and persevere through painful experiences toward healing.
Everyone faces hardships and needs someone to walk alongside them through life’s challenges. I believe in holding space for my clients to feel seen, accepted, and safe within the therapeutic relationship. I view each individual as having unique and priceless value and feel collaborating with clients is an honor. I believe that strength, resilience, and growth are the rewards of those who dare to face and persevere through painful experiences toward healing.
(615) 709-5741 View (615) 709-5741
Photo of Dr. Scott Reeder, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Westmoreland, TN
Dr. Scott Reeder
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MA, MMFT, CAMSII, DEdMin
Verified Verified
Murfreesboro, TN 37129
Meet Dr. Reeder: He is a Certified Anger Management specialist (CAMSII) with the National Anger Management Association (NAMA). He holds a Masters Degree in Counseling (MMFT), A Doctoral Degree in Counseling Education (D.Ed.Min). For over a decade Dr. Reeder has provided court approved anger classes to thousands of individuals. He has extensive training in helping individuals, couples, and family members to positively identify their triggers, learn coping and other strategies, reframe responses to anger. He teaches individuals what is good about anger, how to process it, and respond to it in a healthy manner. www.scottreeder.org
Meet Dr. Reeder: He is a Certified Anger Management specialist (CAMSII) with the National Anger Management Association (NAMA). He holds a Masters Degree in Counseling (MMFT), A Doctoral Degree in Counseling Education (D.Ed.Min). For over a decade Dr. Reeder has provided court approved anger classes to thousands of individuals. He has extensive training in helping individuals, couples, and family members to positively identify their triggers, learn coping and other strategies, reframe responses to anger. He teaches individuals what is good about anger, how to process it, and respond to it in a healthy manner. www.scottreeder.org
(615) 239-1889 View (615) 239-1889

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Westmoreland, TN

< 10

Therapists in Westmoreland, TN who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Child
100% Infertility
100% Life Coaching
100% Grief

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Therapists in Westmoreland, TN see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Westmoreland?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.