Therapists in Sewanee, TN

Photo of Emily Ezell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sewanee, TN
Emily Ezell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sewanee, TN 37375
I am passionate about providing a safe and welcoming space for people to receive support and heal. I care deeply about meeting clients where they are and tailoring sessions to their specific needs. In my work with clients, I strive to create a space in which we can become curious about patterns that are no longer working, and how they might have developed in the first place. I help people develop more effective ways of coping, and I support them in changing the ways they relate to themselves and others.
I am passionate about providing a safe and welcoming space for people to receive support and heal. I care deeply about meeting clients where they are and tailoring sessions to their specific needs. In my work with clients, I strive to create a space in which we can become curious about patterns that are no longer working, and how they might have developed in the first place. I help people develop more effective ways of coping, and I support them in changing the ways they relate to themselves and others.
(931) 345-3719 View (931) 345-3719
Photo of Matt Mlynarczyk, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sewanee, TN
Matt Mlynarczyk
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Sewanee, TN 37375
Life is hard. Sometimes we lose focus, get stuck, or feel detached from our partner. We worry about direction in our own life and our children's lives. Maybe you're in a place like this. Making a choice to enter into therapy and finding the right therapist can be difficult. I think a good match is incredibly important. I'm interested in the things you have to say. I'm curious about why you think what you think. I encourage clarification for the goals you set. I emphasize exploring reasonable strategies for action. Let's talk.
Life is hard. Sometimes we lose focus, get stuck, or feel detached from our partner. We worry about direction in our own life and our children's lives. Maybe you're in a place like this. Making a choice to enter into therapy and finding the right therapist can be difficult. I think a good match is incredibly important. I'm interested in the things you have to say. I'm curious about why you think what you think. I encourage clarification for the goals you set. I emphasize exploring reasonable strategies for action. Let's talk.
(931) 281-2945 View (931) 281-2945
Photo of Nicole Noffsinger-Frazier, Psychologist in Sewanee, TN
Nicole Noffsinger-Frazier
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sewanee, TN 37375
I am a licensed psychologist providing both psychotherapy and testing services for children, adolescents, and adults. I provide comprehensive psychological and psychoeducational evaluations for ADHD, Autism, Learning Differences, and associated psychological concerns. Testing appointments are provided on weekends so you don't have to miss school or work, and I provide results from a strengths-based and therapeutic assessment framework, with the goal of empowering you to thrive and succeed after receiving diagnostic clarity. My goal is to make the testing process as engaging, illuminating, and empowering as possible!
I am a licensed psychologist providing both psychotherapy and testing services for children, adolescents, and adults. I provide comprehensive psychological and psychoeducational evaluations for ADHD, Autism, Learning Differences, and associated psychological concerns. Testing appointments are provided on weekends so you don't have to miss school or work, and I provide results from a strengths-based and therapeutic assessment framework, with the goal of empowering you to thrive and succeed after receiving diagnostic clarity. My goal is to make the testing process as engaging, illuminating, and empowering as possible!
(931) 229-7102 View (931) 229-7102
Photo of Jonathan Buffington, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sewanee, TN
Jonathan Buffington
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LADACII
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sewanee, TN 37375
My primary work today is with those individuals struggling to achieve the best version of themselves. A variety of factors are at play here from past trauma, difficulty connecting, tragic life events, self sabotaging or self destructive coping skills, among others that get in our own way. I offer a place for the individual to explore past patterns and create a new narrative for a new future.​
My primary work today is with those individuals struggling to achieve the best version of themselves. A variety of factors are at play here from past trauma, difficulty connecting, tragic life events, self sabotaging or self destructive coping skills, among others that get in our own way. I offer a place for the individual to explore past patterns and create a new narrative for a new future.​
(931) 202-9079 View (931) 202-9079
Photo of Polly Douse, Pre-Licensed Professional in Sewanee, TN
Polly Douse
Pre-Licensed Professional, MMFTC
Verified Verified
Sewanee, TN 37375
Are you tired of feeling stuck? Maybe you find anxiety and stress following you around too much. Perhaps you long for a sincere relationship but continue to stumble in and out of difficult relationships. What would it take for you to try therapy and see what happens? You may be surprised at what it could hold for you.
Are you tired of feeling stuck? Maybe you find anxiety and stress following you around too much. Perhaps you long for a sincere relationship but continue to stumble in and out of difficult relationships. What would it take for you to try therapy and see what happens? You may be surprised at what it could hold for you.
(615) 288-5688 View (615) 288-5688
Photo of Ashley Liston-Avnaim in Sewanee, TN
Ashley Liston-Avnaim
LPC, MHSP, MA
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Sewanee, TN 37375  (Online Only)
It is my hope to partner with you in learning how to first be with and then move through life's painful experiences in such a way that feels authentic to you. If you have unresolved grief, trauma or other barriers to your ability to thrive, I would love to join you in opening new doors to embodied and conscious living. I enjoy working with folks from most walks of life, those with body-based concerns such as chronic illness, chronic pain or difficult to diagnose physical symptoms that may be having an impact on mental health.
It is my hope to partner with you in learning how to first be with and then move through life's painful experiences in such a way that feels authentic to you. If you have unresolved grief, trauma or other barriers to your ability to thrive, I would love to join you in opening new doors to embodied and conscious living. I enjoy working with folks from most walks of life, those with body-based concerns such as chronic illness, chronic pain or difficult to diagnose physical symptoms that may be having an impact on mental health.
(931) 271-5936 View (931) 271-5936
Photo of Cindy Janke, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sewanee, TN
Cindy Janke
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Sewanee, TN 37375
Therapy is hard. I want to create a space that is safe where you feel seen and heard to talk about the hard stuff. I use framework that supports individuals in all stages of life facing issues with relationship distress, grief and loss, depression or moodiness, trauma, anxiety, anger issues, self-defeating behaviors, or other life stressors.
Therapy is hard. I want to create a space that is safe where you feel seen and heard to talk about the hard stuff. I use framework that supports individuals in all stages of life facing issues with relationship distress, grief and loss, depression or moodiness, trauma, anxiety, anger issues, self-defeating behaviors, or other life stressors.
(615) 502-4380 View (615) 502-4380
Photo of Tom G Camp, Marriage & Family Therapist in Sewanee, TN
Tom G Camp
Marriage & Family Therapist, MDiv, MS
Verified Verified
Sewanee, TN 37375
We all seek safety, health and happiness in our lives, sometimes supported by, and other times challenged by, our life experiences, relationships and larger environment. Life often provides many resources for safety, health and happiness. When our connection with these resources is somehow block or reduced, we can use a supportive, caring relationship to find our way through worries, depression, dependencies, grief, low self-esteem, relationship disturbances, and spiritual struggles.
We all seek safety, health and happiness in our lives, sometimes supported by, and other times challenged by, our life experiences, relationships and larger environment. Life often provides many resources for safety, health and happiness. When our connection with these resources is somehow block or reduced, we can use a supportive, caring relationship to find our way through worries, depression, dependencies, grief, low self-esteem, relationship disturbances, and spiritual struggles.
(762) 225-9180 View (762) 225-9180
Photo of Come As You Are Art Therapy, Art Therapist in Sewanee, TN
Come As You Are Art Therapy
Art Therapist, MA, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
Sewanee, TN 37375
You find yourself in a reoccurring pattern that you don't know how to break- You do SO much for others, understanding the importance of caring for yourself too, yet you find that it's difficult to trust them with the "too-much-ness"/ "intense emotion" that you've been accused of possessing. You're left to carry it on your own, not wanting to burden others with your struggles. You wish you could shut off that nagging, critical voice in your head & all the self-doubt that comes with it. Maybe, at times, you feel as if the tug-of-war of thoughts & emotions is too messy & overwhelming to touch. You think, "Maybe 'they' were right."...
You find yourself in a reoccurring pattern that you don't know how to break- You do SO much for others, understanding the importance of caring for yourself too, yet you find that it's difficult to trust them with the "too-much-ness"/ "intense emotion" that you've been accused of possessing. You're left to carry it on your own, not wanting to burden others with your struggles. You wish you could shut off that nagging, critical voice in your head & all the self-doubt that comes with it. Maybe, at times, you feel as if the tug-of-war of thoughts & emotions is too messy & overwhelming to touch. You think, "Maybe 'they' were right."...
(423) 205-5769 View (423) 205-5769
Photo of Wendy Long, Pastoral Counselor in Sewanee, TN
Wendy Long
Pastoral Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Sewanee, TN 37375  (Online Only)
None of us are immune to hardships and trials in this life, but we don't have to walk through them alone. It's helpful to find a safe space and someone to walk alongside for support and guidance as we navigate the way through the present and the past. In my own journey I've been so blessed by others who have been that for me, and I am grateful for every opportunity I'm allowed to comfort others in the ways I've been comforted. How do we learn and grow through the pain, discover more of who God has made us to be, and trust Him as He works it all together for good?
None of us are immune to hardships and trials in this life, but we don't have to walk through them alone. It's helpful to find a safe space and someone to walk alongside for support and guidance as we navigate the way through the present and the past. In my own journey I've been so blessed by others who have been that for me, and I am grateful for every opportunity I'm allowed to comfort others in the ways I've been comforted. How do we learn and grow through the pain, discover more of who God has made us to be, and trust Him as He works it all together for good?
(931) 345-3879 View (931) 345-3879
Photo of Janet Gail Castle, Licensed Professional Counselor in Sewanee, TN
Janet Gail Castle
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Sewanee, TN 37383
As an LPC, I will help you discover ways to heal, recover, and thrive. Are you feeling overwhelmed or stressed out? Maybe you are experiencing anxiety and need to learn ways to decrease anxiety? Have you survived a traumatic event or are surviving abuse (emotional, physical, sexual, or religious) and feel frozen or stuck or are getting triggered easily. If you are grieving the loss of a loved one, a pet, or something significant to you, we will work together to find ways for you to process your grief. This counseling space is a confidential and safe space for you to receive help for you to feel better. Please reach out.
As an LPC, I will help you discover ways to heal, recover, and thrive. Are you feeling overwhelmed or stressed out? Maybe you are experiencing anxiety and need to learn ways to decrease anxiety? Have you survived a traumatic event or are surviving abuse (emotional, physical, sexual, or religious) and feel frozen or stuck or are getting triggered easily. If you are grieving the loss of a loved one, a pet, or something significant to you, we will work together to find ways for you to process your grief. This counseling space is a confidential and safe space for you to receive help for you to feel better. Please reach out.
(931) 288-5205 View (931) 288-5205

Online Therapists

Photo of Sarah Francis, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sewanee, TN
Sarah Francis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Chattanooga, TN 37419
One of the most difficult challenges we face as parents is watching your child struggle and not knowing how to help. Parents look for a therapist to help their child overcome trauma, aggression, impulsive behaviors, anxiety, and low self esteem. Developing a strong therapeutic relationship provides the safety and connection that is key for therapy to be helpful. It is the foundation from which to explore and understand your feelings and experiences. I am active and collaborative in listening, inquiring, and guiding your child and family. I want to help you and your family overcome the challenges and struggles that life brings.
One of the most difficult challenges we face as parents is watching your child struggle and not knowing how to help. Parents look for a therapist to help their child overcome trauma, aggression, impulsive behaviors, anxiety, and low self esteem. Developing a strong therapeutic relationship provides the safety and connection that is key for therapy to be helpful. It is the foundation from which to explore and understand your feelings and experiences. I am active and collaborative in listening, inquiring, and guiding your child and family. I want to help you and your family overcome the challenges and struggles that life brings.
(423) 205-5961 View (423) 205-5961
Photo of Amanda Grace, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Sewanee, TN
Amanda Grace
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Nashville, TN 37216  (Online Only)
Accepting New Clients. Do you feel like you're treading water, barely keeping your head above? Are you having a difficult time being present? "Listen, are you breathing just a little, and calling it a life?" -Mary Oliver
Accepting New Clients. Do you feel like you're treading water, barely keeping your head above? Are you having a difficult time being present? "Listen, are you breathing just a little, and calling it a life?" -Mary Oliver
(615) 645-2525 View (615) 645-2525
Photo of Sarah Otis, Psychologist in Sewanee, TN
Sarah Otis
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Chattanooga, TN 37411
Dr. Sarah Otis provides psychological and psychoeducational evaluations for a wide range of psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders including ADHD, learning disability, intellectual disability, autism, giftedness, and emotional/behavioral difficulties. She is passionate about helping others navigate cognitive and/or emotional difficulties by taking a strengths based approach and supporting growth through empirically supported recommendations and treatment. Sarah also provides psychotherapy and utilizes an integrative approach that is scientifically informed and psychodynamically influenced.
Dr. Sarah Otis provides psychological and psychoeducational evaluations for a wide range of psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders including ADHD, learning disability, intellectual disability, autism, giftedness, and emotional/behavioral difficulties. She is passionate about helping others navigate cognitive and/or emotional difficulties by taking a strengths based approach and supporting growth through empirically supported recommendations and treatment. Sarah also provides psychotherapy and utilizes an integrative approach that is scientifically informed and psychodynamically influenced.
(423) 919-9126 View (423) 919-9126
Photo of Mary Cullen Servodidio, Licensed Professional Counselor in Sewanee, TN
Mary Cullen Servodidio
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Nashville, TN 37203
I am so pumped that you're here! I know what it feels like to seek out a new therapist, and I don’t take for granted the courage and vulnerability it takes for you to share these parts of yourself. My goal is to create a pathway to help you reveal your authentic self. We do this by examining what’s been conditioned and impressed upon you while also identifying what feels true and authentic to who you are. I approach this work first and foremost with compassion, curiosity, open-mindedness, and authenticity. I believe there is room for pain and humor in therapy. I promise to keep it real with you and to share some laughs, too!
I am so pumped that you're here! I know what it feels like to seek out a new therapist, and I don’t take for granted the courage and vulnerability it takes for you to share these parts of yourself. My goal is to create a pathway to help you reveal your authentic self. We do this by examining what’s been conditioned and impressed upon you while also identifying what feels true and authentic to who you are. I approach this work first and foremost with compassion, curiosity, open-mindedness, and authenticity. I believe there is room for pain and humor in therapy. I promise to keep it real with you and to share some laughs, too!
(615) 257-3156 View (615) 257-3156
Photo of Amelia P Smith-Brown, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Sewanee, TN
Amelia P Smith-Brown
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MMFT
Verified Verified
Hendersonville, TN 37075
Amelia earned her Master’s Degree in Marriage and Family Therapy from Trevecca Nazarene University and is currently working toward licensure under the supervision of Joni Batts. The ideal client is a client looking to generate change with small guidance in order to build new and more healthy ideals of themselves in all areas of life be it relationships, inner turmoil, and or problematic cycles that are causing strain within daily life.
Amelia earned her Master’s Degree in Marriage and Family Therapy from Trevecca Nazarene University and is currently working toward licensure under the supervision of Joni Batts. The ideal client is a client looking to generate change with small guidance in order to build new and more healthy ideals of themselves in all areas of life be it relationships, inner turmoil, and or problematic cycles that are causing strain within daily life.
(615) 265-6470 View (615) 265-6470
Photo of Elizabeth Nelson, Licensed Professional Counselor in Sewanee, TN
Elizabeth Nelson
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Antioch, TN 37013
Hello! My name is Liz, and I'm not your average therapist. I am multi state licensed as a Mental Health Counselor with a Masters degree from Stetson University. I work with adults struggling with anxiety, depression, stress, grief and trauma. When I'm not being a therapist, you can usually find me somewhere outdoors, in a tattoo parlor, binge watching a true crime series or getting coffee. I believe that it's important to take care of yourself both inside and outside of therapy, and I'm here to help you do that.
Hello! My name is Liz, and I'm not your average therapist. I am multi state licensed as a Mental Health Counselor with a Masters degree from Stetson University. I work with adults struggling with anxiety, depression, stress, grief and trauma. When I'm not being a therapist, you can usually find me somewhere outdoors, in a tattoo parlor, binge watching a true crime series or getting coffee. I believe that it's important to take care of yourself both inside and outside of therapy, and I'm here to help you do that.
(629) 265-1788 View (629) 265-1788
Photo of Audrey Shinar, Pre-Licensed Professional in Sewanee, TN
Audrey Shinar
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mount Juliet, TN 37122
I steadfastly believe that anyone can heal when sufficiently supported in a counseling relationship. I am passionate about cultivating an accepting and confidential therapeutic environment with space for tears, laughter, and authentic connection. I have 5 years of experience in the mental health field working with children, adolescents, and adults. A few of the areas in which I have experience include anxiety, trauma, self-esteem issues, codependency, perfectionism, and highly sensitive people. I work at Lantern Lane Farm Counseling Center, which means that can use our horses and have outside sessions if desired.
I steadfastly believe that anyone can heal when sufficiently supported in a counseling relationship. I am passionate about cultivating an accepting and confidential therapeutic environment with space for tears, laughter, and authentic connection. I have 5 years of experience in the mental health field working with children, adolescents, and adults. A few of the areas in which I have experience include anxiety, trauma, self-esteem issues, codependency, perfectionism, and highly sensitive people. I work at Lantern Lane Farm Counseling Center, which means that can use our horses and have outside sessions if desired.
(615) 285-6617 View (615) 285-6617
Photo of Hannah Manning, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Sewanee, TN
Hannah Manning
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MFT-I
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Cleveland, TN 37311
Waitlist for new clients
There are times in our lives that we can feel stuck, uncertain, scared, and immobilized. Coming to terms with your own story and the image of yourself can be daunting. We can feel this way maybe because of a break up, onset of depression, sexual issues, problems with connecting with others, or simply a life transition. You’re uncertain if you can experience healing, but I can tell you that there is hope! Therapy is an opportunity meant to be safe, secure, and a process to learn how to thrive again. I’m here to walk you through the process of finding meaning in your own story, working through shame and doubt, and finding connection.
There are times in our lives that we can feel stuck, uncertain, scared, and immobilized. Coming to terms with your own story and the image of yourself can be daunting. We can feel this way maybe because of a break up, onset of depression, sexual issues, problems with connecting with others, or simply a life transition. You’re uncertain if you can experience healing, but I can tell you that there is hope! Therapy is an opportunity meant to be safe, secure, and a process to learn how to thrive again. I’m here to walk you through the process of finding meaning in your own story, working through shame and doubt, and finding connection.
(423) 564-3485 View (423) 564-3485
Photo of Kristen McGeehon, Licensed Professional Counselor in Sewanee, TN
Kristen McGeehon
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Chattanooga, TN 37411
As humans, we innately desire to be connected to and understood by others. For some, connection feels terrifying, confusing, and unsafe. I can help you build and foster a life with fulfilling relationships, with others & with yourself. My goal is to help you access bravery & empowerment so that your whole, authentic self drives your actions instead of fear. Stop obsessing, people pleasing, & stewing in resentment. Heal the root of feeling misunderstood, unloveable, and out of place. Learn to engage in honest conversations rather than only speaking your truth when you're alone. Create powerful community and deep meaning in your life.
As humans, we innately desire to be connected to and understood by others. For some, connection feels terrifying, confusing, and unsafe. I can help you build and foster a life with fulfilling relationships, with others & with yourself. My goal is to help you access bravery & empowerment so that your whole, authentic self drives your actions instead of fear. Stop obsessing, people pleasing, & stewing in resentment. Heal the root of feeling misunderstood, unloveable, and out of place. Learn to engage in honest conversations rather than only speaking your truth when you're alone. Create powerful community and deep meaning in your life.
(423) 589-1816 View (423) 589-1816

See more therapy options for Sewanee

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Sewanee, TN

10+

Average cost per session

$120

Therapists in Sewanee, TN who prioritize treating:

91% Depression
91% Trauma and PTSD
82% Relationship Issues
82% Anxiety
82% Self Esteem
73% Women's Issues
73% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Cigna and Evernorth
67% Aetna
67% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Sewanee, TN see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

73% Female
27% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Sewanee?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.