Therapists in Ripley, TN

Photo of Sarah Newman, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sarah Newman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Ripley, TN 38063
Not accepting new clients
Ever felt like you were trying to face the world and all the obstacles alone? Ever feel like you don't have all the tools to help you manage your emotions, thoughts or actions? I love to help you on journey of gaining new coping skills, working through life's many stressors and gaining control over your thoughts, feelings, behaviors. I have experience in treating issues such as Anxiety, Depression, Stress, ADHD, Self-Esteem, Suicidal ideations, Behavioral Issues, Trauma, and a wide variety of other concerns.
Ever felt like you were trying to face the world and all the obstacles alone? Ever feel like you don't have all the tools to help you manage your emotions, thoughts or actions? I love to help you on journey of gaining new coping skills, working through life's many stressors and gaining control over your thoughts, feelings, behaviors. I have experience in treating issues such as Anxiety, Depression, Stress, ADHD, Self-Esteem, Suicidal ideations, Behavioral Issues, Trauma, and a wide variety of other concerns.
(731) 200-1413 View (731) 200-1413
Photo of James R Coffman, ThM, DMin, LMFT, LPC, (MHSP), Licensed Professional Counselor
James R Coffman
Licensed Professional Counselor, ThM, DMin, LMFT, LPC, (MHSP)
Verified Verified
Ripley, TN 38063
I am a Licensed Clinical Pastoral Therapist who is also licensed as a Professional Counselor (Mental Health Service Provider) and as a Marital and Family Therapist. I have worked with diverse populations of individuals, couples and families for 30 years--as an executive director and therapist in medical settings, in two pastoral counseling centers, and now in an independent practice. With families I am committed to helping them address the challenges of staying connected and in communication.. With individuals I seek to understand barriers to healthy intentions, the failures one feels, and I become an active ally to change one's unhappy direction..
I am a Licensed Clinical Pastoral Therapist who is also licensed as a Professional Counselor (Mental Health Service Provider) and as a Marital and Family Therapist. I have worked with diverse populations of individuals, couples and families for 30 years--as an executive director and therapist in medical settings, in two pastoral counseling centers, and now in an independent practice. With families I am committed to helping them address the challenges of staying connected and in communication.. With individuals I seek to understand barriers to healthy intentions, the failures one feels, and I become an active ally to change one's unhappy direction..
(731) 612-8544 View (731) 612-8544
Photo of undefined - Leigh Ann Lehmann, LCSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Leigh Ann Lehmann, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Ripley, TN 38063
There are moments in our lives that can be tiring and overwhelming. However, you do not have to face these challenges all by yourself. I am committed to working with individuals who are going through tough times; I am here to guide you through this period. My aim is to help you grow by tapping into your inner strengths and abilities while also helping you acquire new skills to cope with the difficulties that life may throw your way.
There are moments in our lives that can be tiring and overwhelming. However, you do not have to face these challenges all by yourself. I am committed to working with individuals who are going through tough times; I am here to guide you through this period. My aim is to help you grow by tapping into your inner strengths and abilities while also helping you acquire new skills to cope with the difficulties that life may throw your way.
(731) 207-8886 View (731) 207-8886
Photo of Patricia Heath, LPC-MHS, NCC, Counselor
Patricia Heath
Counselor, LPC-MHS, NCC
Verified Verified
Ripley, TN 38063
It is never too late to change your life. Life can be hard and we all need help sometimes. Now is the time to change your life and invest in a healthier, happier you. I would be honored to help you change your life for a more positive tomorrow. I think everyone deserves to live their best life. I have over 25 years experience working with various issues such as depression, anxiety, abuse, ect. or just life issues, marital/family, spiritual or substance abuse issues. I work to get to the root cause of the issue so you can have more permanent and deeper healing. I am no longer taking insurance, I only have self pay options.
It is never too late to change your life. Life can be hard and we all need help sometimes. Now is the time to change your life and invest in a healthier, happier you. I would be honored to help you change your life for a more positive tomorrow. I think everyone deserves to live their best life. I have over 25 years experience working with various issues such as depression, anxiety, abuse, ect. or just life issues, marital/family, spiritual or substance abuse issues. I work to get to the root cause of the issue so you can have more permanent and deeper healing. I am no longer taking insurance, I only have self pay options.
(731) 206-2646 View (731) 206-2646

Online Therapists

Photo of undefined - Honeybee Wellness and Consulting, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Honeybee Wellness and Consulting
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
Are you ready for your healing to take flight? At HoneyBee Wellness and Consulting, we will help you take the first steps towards making peace with your past, breaking down the negative beliefs that keep you trapped and unhappy, and stepping into the powerful and healed person you were always meant to be. Depression, anxiety, trauma, burnout, and stress can cast dark shadows over our lives, sometimes without us realizing it. The ripple effects can damage the way we see ourselves and the way we treat our closest loved ones. But with the right understanding and support, you can emerge stronger and more aligned with yourself.
Are you ready for your healing to take flight? At HoneyBee Wellness and Consulting, we will help you take the first steps towards making peace with your past, breaking down the negative beliefs that keep you trapped and unhappy, and stepping into the powerful and healed person you were always meant to be. Depression, anxiety, trauma, burnout, and stress can cast dark shadows over our lives, sometimes without us realizing it. The ripple effects can damage the way we see ourselves and the way we treat our closest loved ones. But with the right understanding and support, you can emerge stronger and more aligned with yourself.
(901) 673-8169 View (901) 673-8169
Photo of George Tsirgiotis, MSEd, MAR, LMFT, LPCMHSP, EMDR, Licensed Professional Counselor
George Tsirgiotis
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, MAR, LMFT, LPCMHSP, EMDR
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38111
Many of the people that I meet in my practice are feeling "stuck" in some area of life - they can't seem to get traction in making change happen. Addictions, co-dependence, anxiety, depression, anger, poor self-image, lack of assertiveness, lack of closeness in relationships, and struggles with getting past major life traumas are many of the issues we focus on in sessions.
Many of the people that I meet in my practice are feeling "stuck" in some area of life - they can't seem to get traction in making change happen. Addictions, co-dependence, anxiety, depression, anger, poor self-image, lack of assertiveness, lack of closeness in relationships, and struggles with getting past major life traumas are many of the issues we focus on in sessions.
(901) 458-6291 View (901) 458-6291
Photo of undefined - Owens Family Counseling, LCSW, RPT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Owens Family Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RPT
Verified Verified
Jackson, TN 38305  (Online Only)
My goal is to assist you in therapy to help discover your true self, and lead you to a life worth celebrating. While no one can change difficult situations or experiences of the past, you and I can work together to better understand and resolve the challenges in your life. By applying complementary therapeutic approaches and techniques, I will help you change long-standing behavior patterns or negative perceptions that may be holding you back from experiencing a more fulfilling and meaningful life.
My goal is to assist you in therapy to help discover your true self, and lead you to a life worth celebrating. While no one can change difficult situations or experiences of the past, you and I can work together to better understand and resolve the challenges in your life. By applying complementary therapeutic approaches and techniques, I will help you change long-standing behavior patterns or negative perceptions that may be holding you back from experiencing a more fulfilling and meaningful life.
(731) 257-2420 View (731) 257-2420
Photo of undefined - The Resiliency Center of Memphis, LPC, MHSP, Licensed Professional Counselor
The Resiliency Center of Memphis
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38120  (Online Only)
Do you feel like you are hanging on by a thread? Is it becoming increasingly difficult to cope with the curve balls that life is throwing at you? Do you need a safe place to figure out this journey called “life”? At The Resiliency Center of Memphis, we are here to provide you with a safe space to promote your voice and choice and walk beside you as you embark your journey of overcoming obstacles. If your car was broken, you would see a mechanic. If you wanted to travel, you would see an agent. You are making the right move by seeking out a professional to improve your mental health.
Do you feel like you are hanging on by a thread? Is it becoming increasingly difficult to cope with the curve balls that life is throwing at you? Do you need a safe place to figure out this journey called “life”? At The Resiliency Center of Memphis, we are here to provide you with a safe space to promote your voice and choice and walk beside you as you embark your journey of overcoming obstacles. If your car was broken, you would see a mechanic. If you wanted to travel, you would see an agent. You are making the right move by seeking out a professional to improve your mental health.
(901) 446-0628 View (901) 446-0628
Photo of undefined - Zen-Inspired Counseling and Wellness Center, LCSW, CCM, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Zen-Inspired Counseling and Wellness Center
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCM
Verified Verified
Cordova, TN 38018  (Online Only)
​We are so glad you’re here. You might be feeling dissatisfied with your current life and direction, experiencing big life changes, destructive behavior patterns, struggling to achieve your weight-loss or financial goals or simply wanting to find a safe space to deepen your relationship with yourself and the most important people in your life. Whatever is your reason for being here, you don’t have to walk this journey alone. Our hope is to provide you with a safe space to do the inner work to experience yourself whole, grounded, and connected in your life.
​We are so glad you’re here. You might be feeling dissatisfied with your current life and direction, experiencing big life changes, destructive behavior patterns, struggling to achieve your weight-loss or financial goals or simply wanting to find a safe space to deepen your relationship with yourself and the most important people in your life. Whatever is your reason for being here, you don’t have to walk this journey alone. Our hope is to provide you with a safe space to do the inner work to experience yourself whole, grounded, and connected in your life.
(901) 329-8331 View (901) 329-8331
Photo of Maya M Johnson, ICST, LPC, MHSP, temp, Licensed Professional Counselor
Maya M Johnson
Licensed Professional Counselor, ICST, LPC, MHSP, temp
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38117
Waitlist for new clients
Welcome! I am a National Board Certified Mental Health Counselor under supervision. I have been practicing as a therapist for about 5 years. I hold a master's in Clinical Mental Health Counseling and a certification in International Sandtray therapy. I assist individuals who are looking to improve self-esteem, manage depression and anxiety, utilize coping strategies, and guide adolescents and adults through healing the mind and body.
Welcome! I am a National Board Certified Mental Health Counselor under supervision. I have been practicing as a therapist for about 5 years. I hold a master's in Clinical Mental Health Counseling and a certification in International Sandtray therapy. I assist individuals who are looking to improve self-esteem, manage depression and anxiety, utilize coping strategies, and guide adolescents and adults through healing the mind and body.
(901) 519-2814 View (901) 519-2814
Photo of undefined - Forward Counseling, LCSW, LPC, PMHNP, LMFT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Forward Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LPC, PMHNP, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38117
Are you looking for personal growth and the possibility of change? Do you like setting goals and reaching them? Forward Counseling is a group of independent professionals that utilize evidenced based interventions to move our clients towards their goals. We offer individual, family, group, and couples counseling virtually or in office. To get started, call or complete a contact form on our site at forwardcounseling.com/contact or bit.ly/newclientcontactform
Are you looking for personal growth and the possibility of change? Do you like setting goals and reaching them? Forward Counseling is a group of independent professionals that utilize evidenced based interventions to move our clients towards their goals. We offer individual, family, group, and couples counseling virtually or in office. To get started, call or complete a contact form on our site at forwardcounseling.com/contact or bit.ly/newclientcontactform
(901) 310-3911 View (901) 310-3911
Photo of Kim Scheidegger, LPC, MHSP-S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kim Scheidegger
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP-S
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
Kim  is a licensed professional counselor and a mental health service provider with her supervisor’s license. She earned a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology at Baylor University in Waco, TX. After a year spent working full time at a Christian camp in East Texas,  Kim  then earned her master’s degree in Biblical Counseling from Dallas Theological Seminary.
Kim  is a licensed professional counselor and a mental health service provider with her supervisor’s license. She earned a Bachelor of Arts in Psychology at Baylor University in Waco, TX. After a year spent working full time at a Christian camp in East Texas,  Kim  then earned her master’s degree in Biblical Counseling from Dallas Theological Seminary.
(901) 621-3584 View (901) 621-3584
Photo of Nesha McMullen, LMSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Nesha McMullen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Greenfield, TN 38230  (Online Only)
Hi! I'm Nesha McMullen, a clinician dedicated to supporting individuals on their journeys towards improved well-being. I have experience working with individuals facing a variety of challenges such as depression, anxiety, life transitions, and trauma. I truly believe in each individual's inherent capacity for resilience and healing. I am dedicated to creating a safe and nurturing space where individuals feel empowered to explore their emotions and experiences. I look forward to offering you my support, guidance, and compassion as you embark on a path towards healing and growth.
Hi! I'm Nesha McMullen, a clinician dedicated to supporting individuals on their journeys towards improved well-being. I have experience working with individuals facing a variety of challenges such as depression, anxiety, life transitions, and trauma. I truly believe in each individual's inherent capacity for resilience and healing. I am dedicated to creating a safe and nurturing space where individuals feel empowered to explore their emotions and experiences. I look forward to offering you my support, guidance, and compassion as you embark on a path towards healing and growth.
(731) 251-4850 View (731) 251-4850
Photo of Teresa M Maxwell, MPH, LCSW, SAP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Teresa M Maxwell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MPH, LCSW, SAP
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
Licensed in Florida , Mississippi and Tennessee. Services available via Telehealth. Therapy is a partnership. I believe it is important to build a relationship with my client. It is my intent to provide a safe space to work together. I believe it is helpful to assist clients with acknowledging feelings and noticing thoughts with a commitment to actions that align with what is important to the client. I believe in the client's own healing capacity with work on core beliefs about oneself with kindness and self care. Compassion, empathy, and respect for all my clients is what I try to express in the very first session.
Licensed in Florida , Mississippi and Tennessee. Services available via Telehealth. Therapy is a partnership. I believe it is important to build a relationship with my client. It is my intent to provide a safe space to work together. I believe it is helpful to assist clients with acknowledging feelings and noticing thoughts with a commitment to actions that align with what is important to the client. I believe in the client's own healing capacity with work on core beliefs about oneself with kindness and self care. Compassion, empathy, and respect for all my clients is what I try to express in the very first session.
(850) 338-7273 View (850) 338-7273
Photo of Brittany Bass Jones, LMSW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Brittany Bass Jones
Pre-Licensed Professional, LMSW
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38117  (Online Only)
Before you can show up hard as a partner, parent, son, or daughter, you have to show up for yourself first. Ultimately the changes you wish to see in your life, starts with a commitment to embrace all of you. Together we will then do the inner work to help you reap the outward benefits.
Before you can show up hard as a partner, parent, son, or daughter, you have to show up for yourself first. Ultimately the changes you wish to see in your life, starts with a commitment to embrace all of you. Together we will then do the inner work to help you reap the outward benefits.
(931) 329-5392 View (931) 329-5392
Photo of undefined - Lunar Counseling and Wellness, PLLC, MS, LPCMHSP, LADACII, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lunar Counseling and Wellness, PLLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPCMHSP, LADACII
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
To the ones who struggle to love themselves because the voice in their head keeps telling them not to. To the adults who carry the scars of a rough childhood and the shame that comes with it. To the ones who seem like they have it all together, but are hiding their struggles with anxiety and depression behind a joke and smile. To the ones who were never taught how to deal with grief, anger, sadness, or fear and are coping the best way they know how. To the ones who were disowned or rejected by families or friends for who you love, who you are, or what you believe. I see your strength, I see your pain, and I see your courage.
To the ones who struggle to love themselves because the voice in their head keeps telling them not to. To the adults who carry the scars of a rough childhood and the shame that comes with it. To the ones who seem like they have it all together, but are hiding their struggles with anxiety and depression behind a joke and smile. To the ones who were never taught how to deal with grief, anger, sadness, or fear and are coping the best way they know how. To the ones who were disowned or rejected by families or friends for who you love, who you are, or what you believe. I see your strength, I see your pain, and I see your courage.
View
Photo of Paige Bledsoe, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Paige Bledsoe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Jackson, TN 38305
Waitlist for new clients
Over the course of life, we can all experience ups and downs, joy, pain, times of stress. In times of distress and discomfort, one can struggle with feeling life is spiraling out of control. We cannot control all things, and we can choose to ask for support. My passion is joining people in their journey in a safe, ethical therapeutic relationship to heal, change, and grow into the best authentic versions of themselves; to live not just survive.
Over the course of life, we can all experience ups and downs, joy, pain, times of stress. In times of distress and discomfort, one can struggle with feeling life is spiraling out of control. We cannot control all things, and we can choose to ask for support. My passion is joining people in their journey in a safe, ethical therapeutic relationship to heal, change, and grow into the best authentic versions of themselves; to live not just survive.
(731) 207-8420 View (731) 207-8420
Photo of Adrianne Sehar, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Adrianne Sehar
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bartlett, TN 38134
Welcome! I am genuinely delighted you are taking this crucial step toward a more empowering and fulfilling life. Seeking help for mental health concerns can be an incredibly overwhelming process. Therefore, I strive to foster an empathic, safe environment conducive to personal growth, development, and healing. Furthermore, I offer the option of integrating Christian-based practices into therapy sessions for clients who value their spirituality and faith.
Welcome! I am genuinely delighted you are taking this crucial step toward a more empowering and fulfilling life. Seeking help for mental health concerns can be an incredibly overwhelming process. Therefore, I strive to foster an empathic, safe environment conducive to personal growth, development, and healing. Furthermore, I offer the option of integrating Christian-based practices into therapy sessions for clients who value their spirituality and faith.
(901) 621-8927 View (901) 621-8927
Photo of undefined - Brandy J. Flynn Counseling & Consulting Services, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Brandy J. Flynn Counseling & Consulting Services
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38119
Are you ready to take that step but don't know where that step will lead you? Are you tired of trying to solve your own problems that are never getting solved? Are you tired of the cliche' of what people tell you what you SHOULD be doing instead of helping you with what you COULD be doing? If yes, then let's start the process of making you a better you.
Are you ready to take that step but don't know where that step will lead you? Are you tired of trying to solve your own problems that are never getting solved? Are you tired of the cliche' of what people tell you what you SHOULD be doing instead of helping you with what you COULD be doing? If yes, then let's start the process of making you a better you.
(901) 881-5203 View (901) 881-5203
Photo of Palm Leaf Wellness, LPC, MHSP, (TN), Licensed Professional Counselor
Palm Leaf Wellness
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP, (TN)
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119
Is your trauma impacting your relationships and ability to trust others? Are you struggling to cope with stress, anxiety, grief, or depression? Do you feel trapped in negative cycles and unhealthy patterns? If unresolved emotional wounds are hindering your daily life, it may be time to seek help from a therapist. Together, we can work towards understanding, connection, and positive change to cultivate healthier habits, a stronger sense of self, more secure relationships, and a fresh perspective on life. I am here to support you on this challenging yet transformative journey towards a more fulfilling life. Read on to find out more.
Is your trauma impacting your relationships and ability to trust others? Are you struggling to cope with stress, anxiety, grief, or depression? Do you feel trapped in negative cycles and unhealthy patterns? If unresolved emotional wounds are hindering your daily life, it may be time to seek help from a therapist. Together, we can work towards understanding, connection, and positive change to cultivate healthier habits, a stronger sense of self, more secure relationships, and a fresh perspective on life. I am here to support you on this challenging yet transformative journey towards a more fulfilling life. Read on to find out more.
(901) 245-5794 View (901) 245-5794

See more therapy options for Ripley

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Ripley, TN

< 10

Therapists in Ripley, TN who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Child
100% ADHD
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Coping Skills
100% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
67% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Ripley, TN see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Ripley?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.