Therapists in Oak Ridge, TN

Photo of Sandra Little, Licensed Professional Counselor in Oak Ridge, TN
Sandra Little
Licensed Professional Counselor, MHSP, MS, NCC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Life throws curve balls that often knock us down, but painful and difficult experiences do not have to define you. Instead, these experiences can be a starting point to creating a more authentic, connected version of yourself. Whether you’re struggling personally, professionally or relationally, my Person-Centered and Integrative approach will provide you the tools you need to rebuild balance and regain control over your life.
Life throws curve balls that often knock us down, but painful and difficult experiences do not have to define you. Instead, these experiences can be a starting point to creating a more authentic, connected version of yourself. Whether you’re struggling personally, professionally or relationally, my Person-Centered and Integrative approach will provide you the tools you need to rebuild balance and regain control over your life.
(865) 401-9960 View (865) 401-9960
Photo of Sherrie Crawford, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Sherrie Crawford
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
I can help you and your child learn how to regulate emotions, develop and maintain meaningful relationships and manage the regular and acute stresses of life.
I can help you and your child learn how to regulate emotions, develop and maintain meaningful relationships and manage the regular and acute stresses of life.
(865) 302-3251 View (865) 302-3251
Photo of Samantha Ann Hutton-Metheney, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Samantha Ann Hutton-Metheney
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT, CHT
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Waitlist for new clients
I believe that clients have the innate ability to heal through accessing their innermost selves. Each client is traveling their own personal, interpersonal, and spiritual path and I act as a guide to help facilitate and co- create healing and wholeness. Through healing old wounds, past traumas, and solving relationship conflicts, I aspire to help individuals, couples, and families reach their highest potentials to aid in having richer and more fulfilling lives. My approach is Transpersonal, which means that I look beyond the ego into the spiritual to encourage wholeness in each client.
I believe that clients have the innate ability to heal through accessing their innermost selves. Each client is traveling their own personal, interpersonal, and spiritual path and I act as a guide to help facilitate and co- create healing and wholeness. Through healing old wounds, past traumas, and solving relationship conflicts, I aspire to help individuals, couples, and families reach their highest potentials to aid in having richer and more fulfilling lives. My approach is Transpersonal, which means that I look beyond the ego into the spiritual to encourage wholeness in each client.
(865) 730-4209 View (865) 730-4209
Photo of William A. Macgillivray, Psychologist in Oak Ridge, TN
William A. Macgillivray
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Many people seek therapy because they want answers to their problems, for example, a diagnosis, a treatment plan, etc. It can be enormously helpful to have an understanding of one's problems and coping patterns. The initial phase of any treatment is to develop a clear understanding of the problem and possible interventions, including behavioral and lifestyle changes, etc. At the same time, change is rarely the product of finding a specific intervention, but is often the process of finding better questions. People grow and change through relationships; and psychotherapy is a special kind of relationship that facilitates this process.
Many people seek therapy because they want answers to their problems, for example, a diagnosis, a treatment plan, etc. It can be enormously helpful to have an understanding of one's problems and coping patterns. The initial phase of any treatment is to develop a clear understanding of the problem and possible interventions, including behavioral and lifestyle changes, etc. At the same time, change is rarely the product of finding a specific intervention, but is often the process of finding better questions. People grow and change through relationships; and psychotherapy is a special kind of relationship that facilitates this process.
(865) 316-6858 View (865) 316-6858
Photo of Katie Morse, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Katie Morse
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Reaching out for help is a courageous act. Life can be difficult, painful, and isolating. Oftentimes we find ourselves in "survival mode", acting in ways we don't understand or finding it challenging to identify and vocalize what it is we actually do need. You may be experiencing difficulties in relationships, facing life challenges/changes or generally feeling unsatisfied with your life. Therapy is a safe space to explore what drives painful behaviors, identify what kind of life you do want, and implement positive changes with care and support.
Reaching out for help is a courageous act. Life can be difficult, painful, and isolating. Oftentimes we find ourselves in "survival mode", acting in ways we don't understand or finding it challenging to identify and vocalize what it is we actually do need. You may be experiencing difficulties in relationships, facing life challenges/changes or generally feeling unsatisfied with your life. Therapy is a safe space to explore what drives painful behaviors, identify what kind of life you do want, and implement positive changes with care and support.
(865) 355-9824 View (865) 355-9824
Photo of Jake Morrill, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Jake Morrill
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MDiv, MFA
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830  (Online Only)
Has exhaustion and overload become normal? Do you spend your days chasing after the expectations and approval of others? Do you find yourself avoiding the hard conversations—or the hard decisions that you know would improve your life ten-fold? Maybe it’s time to rediscover your compass. Maybe it’s time to live the life you’ve been wanting. I work with leaders in families and organizations who want to develop greater emotional maturity (clarity + courage + skill) in challenging situations, and to realize more meaningful connection in the relationships that matter most.
Has exhaustion and overload become normal? Do you spend your days chasing after the expectations and approval of others? Do you find yourself avoiding the hard conversations—or the hard decisions that you know would improve your life ten-fold? Maybe it’s time to rediscover your compass. Maybe it’s time to live the life you’ve been wanting. I work with leaders in families and organizations who want to develop greater emotional maturity (clarity + courage + skill) in challenging situations, and to realize more meaningful connection in the relationships that matter most.
(865) 800-4210 View (865) 800-4210
Photo of Prevail Counselling & Consulting, PLLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Prevail Counselling & Consulting, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, LCSW, DSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830  (Online Only)
Prevail provides comprehensive mental health care services for adults, kids, couples, and families from all walks of life. And our consultation services can help your business thrive. As a Small Practice, we strive to use our years of expertise in order to create a comfortable and safe environment for you. We hold the strong belief that people are perfectly imperfect. They are beautiful and spectacular but can also become stuck, unhappy, and unable to live fulfilling lives. That’s where we come in. We Meet You Where You Are!
Prevail provides comprehensive mental health care services for adults, kids, couples, and families from all walks of life. And our consultation services can help your business thrive. As a Small Practice, we strive to use our years of expertise in order to create a comfortable and safe environment for you. We hold the strong belief that people are perfectly imperfect. They are beautiful and spectacular but can also become stuck, unhappy, and unable to live fulfilling lives. That’s where we come in. We Meet You Where You Are!
(865) 419-9278 View (865) 419-9278
Photo of Fred L Stephens, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Fred L Stephens
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Are you looking for help with personal changes? Relationship changes? I am interested in the profoundly personal stories and images that reflect our relationships. How we imagine our lives impacts our lives. Sharing our story in a deeply confidential and personal environment creates change. The process is collaborative and healing. Possibly the best therapists are those who themselves have risked and managed change well. I treat individuals, couples and families. Talk and guidance reduce anxiety and depression.
Are you looking for help with personal changes? Relationship changes? I am interested in the profoundly personal stories and images that reflect our relationships. How we imagine our lives impacts our lives. Sharing our story in a deeply confidential and personal environment creates change. The process is collaborative and healing. Possibly the best therapists are those who themselves have risked and managed change well. I treat individuals, couples and families. Talk and guidance reduce anxiety and depression.
(865) 383-0062 View (865) 383-0062
Photo of Amy Hylton, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Amy Hylton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Trusting others can be difficult when you have been betrayed, neglected or abused. If you or your child is struggling with emotions or relationships, please allow me to help. By tailoring my interventions to your specific strengths and needs, we can work together to discover your potential and allow you to gain the peace and confidence that you need. This therapeutic relationship is non-judgmental and supportive of the unique person that you are.
Trusting others can be difficult when you have been betrayed, neglected or abused. If you or your child is struggling with emotions or relationships, please allow me to help. By tailoring my interventions to your specific strengths and needs, we can work together to discover your potential and allow you to gain the peace and confidence that you need. This therapeutic relationship is non-judgmental and supportive of the unique person that you are.
(865) 276-7889 View (865) 276-7889
Photo of Sara Elizabeth Pennington, Marriage & Family Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Sara Elizabeth Pennington
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
"What do I do?" you ask. You're feeling uncertain, scared, alone, worried. Maybe you're a parent, and your child has faced something you never imagined would ever happen to your child. Perhaps it seems your family is falling apart: your marriage, your relationship with your children...You may wonder if there is any hope, any chance for your child to come back from this, your family to heal.
"What do I do?" you ask. You're feeling uncertain, scared, alone, worried. Maybe you're a parent, and your child has faced something you never imagined would ever happen to your child. Perhaps it seems your family is falling apart: your marriage, your relationship with your children...You may wonder if there is any hope, any chance for your child to come back from this, your family to heal.
(865) 217-2014 View (865) 217-2014
Photo of Shawn Bissell Roach, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Shawn Bissell Roach
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
I have been in the field of social work for twenty-two years providing psychotherapy for adolescents, adults, couples, and families. Counseling can be a difficult process in which vulnerabilities and pain are often exposed. I provide a safe, nurturing, non-judgmental environment making the client as comfortable as possible to explore this process and address concerns. My goal is to provide safe and healthy coping mechanisms as well as a clearer understanding of the issues presented.
I have been in the field of social work for twenty-two years providing psychotherapy for adolescents, adults, couples, and families. Counseling can be a difficult process in which vulnerabilities and pain are often exposed. I provide a safe, nurturing, non-judgmental environment making the client as comfortable as possible to explore this process and address concerns. My goal is to provide safe and healthy coping mechanisms as well as a clearer understanding of the issues presented.
(865) 312-6884 x4 View (865) 312-6884 x4
Photo of Cinda S Sagnes, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Cinda S Sagnes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Waitlist for new clients
Therapy works best when client and therapist take a team approach. I provide people with a safe and secure way to obtain support for life's challenges and stressors. Together we find solutions to those stressors. I assist others to develop life skills that lead to new confidence in their ability to cope. I see people of all ages and severity of issues. I support individuals, families, couples and groups to achieve their goals.
Therapy works best when client and therapist take a team approach. I provide people with a safe and secure way to obtain support for life's challenges and stressors. Together we find solutions to those stressors. I assist others to develop life skills that lead to new confidence in their ability to cope. I see people of all ages and severity of issues. I support individuals, families, couples and groups to achieve their goals.
(865) 394-2630 View (865) 394-2630
Photo of Affinity Counseling - Stacy M Hernandez AAIT Cert., Licensed Professional Counselor in Oak Ridge, TN
Affinity Counseling - Stacy M Hernandez AAIT Cert.
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP, AAIT-
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Hello! Welcome to my page! I have been in the counseling field for 21 years and I am passionate about working with female adults and adolescents struggling with depression and anxiety. To achieve relieve from anxiety and depression, I utilize a therapeutic approach called Acceptance and Integration Therapy. Being a certified AAIT (Acceptance and Integration) therapist has allowed me to help clients heal, identify goals and quickly relieve psychological suffering. Let's get together and start helping you live a better authentic life!
Hello! Welcome to my page! I have been in the counseling field for 21 years and I am passionate about working with female adults and adolescents struggling with depression and anxiety. To achieve relieve from anxiety and depression, I utilize a therapeutic approach called Acceptance and Integration Therapy. Being a certified AAIT (Acceptance and Integration) therapist has allowed me to help clients heal, identify goals and quickly relieve psychological suffering. Let's get together and start helping you live a better authentic life!
(865) 407-2290 View (865) 407-2290
Photo of Sarah R. Hamblen, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Sarah R. Hamblen, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
My name is Sarah R. Hamblen. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have been providing clinical services for over 17 years. I have worked with a variety of individuals of all ages, couples, and families on many different issues and concerns. The heart of my practice is finding the strengths within each individual and family. I strive to empower them to reach their goals both independently and as a family group. I use a variety of therapeutic techniques to help individuals gain insight, understanding, and implement effective change.
My name is Sarah R. Hamblen. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and have been providing clinical services for over 17 years. I have worked with a variety of individuals of all ages, couples, and families on many different issues and concerns. The heart of my practice is finding the strengths within each individual and family. I strive to empower them to reach their goals both independently and as a family group. I use a variety of therapeutic techniques to help individuals gain insight, understanding, and implement effective change.
(865) 248-6816 View (865) 248-6816
Photo of Dawn Fortich, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Dawn Fortich, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
The process of initiating therapy can be scary. Trusting someone you don't know isn't always easy. The truth is that life is difficult. We have all experienced sadness, loss, fear, and loneliness. Therapy can help find clarity and strength. My experience is as diverse as those I serve such as anxiety, depression, ADHD, marital counseling, and PTSD. I enjoy my work and feel blessed to be a tool for God to help those who are hurting or in need of understanding. My greatest reward comes from empowering people with the confidence and tools to make a positive change.
The process of initiating therapy can be scary. Trusting someone you don't know isn't always easy. The truth is that life is difficult. We have all experienced sadness, loss, fear, and loneliness. Therapy can help find clarity and strength. My experience is as diverse as those I serve such as anxiety, depression, ADHD, marital counseling, and PTSD. I enjoy my work and feel blessed to be a tool for God to help those who are hurting or in need of understanding. My greatest reward comes from empowering people with the confidence and tools to make a positive change.
(865) 498-5001 View (865) 498-5001
Photo of Charles E Martin, Psychologist in Oak Ridge, TN
Charles E Martin
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
Dr. Charles E. Martin is a licensed clinical psychologist in private practice in Knoxville, TN. He is currently accepting new patients, and both day and evening hours are available, as well as Telehealth sessions. Dr. Martin has been in practice over 40 years working with adults with a wide range of problems. Dr. Martin's treatment approach is solution-oriented. Often described as gentle and easy-going with a good sense of humor, Dr. Martin's counseling style is amiable and courteous. He understands that many people are quite anxious when they begin counseling and he makes the initial sessions comfortable.
Dr. Charles E. Martin is a licensed clinical psychologist in private practice in Knoxville, TN. He is currently accepting new patients, and both day and evening hours are available, as well as Telehealth sessions. Dr. Martin has been in practice over 40 years working with adults with a wide range of problems. Dr. Martin's treatment approach is solution-oriented. Often described as gentle and easy-going with a good sense of humor, Dr. Martin's counseling style is amiable and courteous. He understands that many people are quite anxious when they begin counseling and he makes the initial sessions comfortable.
(865) 320-9901 View (865) 320-9901
Photo of Built to Bond, Inc. Attachment Institute, Licensed Professional Counselor in Oak Ridge, TN
Built to Bond, Inc. Attachment Institute
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP, BCPC, CTS, CDVC, NCCE
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
If you are broken and in need of healing from abuse and trauma and/or are trying to parent a "child forgotten" you have come to the right place. Suffering through the aftermath of sexual abuse, domestic violence, emotional abuse, foster care and extreme neglect often makes it nearly impossible to trust others, which is a necessary starting point for healthy relationship formation. Built to Bond, Inc. is designed to enable you to make sense of your trauma and begin the healing process from a Christian perspective through the "Treat PTSD with PTSD to get PTSD" treatment modality.
If you are broken and in need of healing from abuse and trauma and/or are trying to parent a "child forgotten" you have come to the right place. Suffering through the aftermath of sexual abuse, domestic violence, emotional abuse, foster care and extreme neglect often makes it nearly impossible to trust others, which is a necessary starting point for healthy relationship formation. Built to Bond, Inc. is designed to enable you to make sense of your trauma and begin the healing process from a Christian perspective through the "Treat PTSD with PTSD to get PTSD" treatment modality.
(865) 685-5895 View (865) 685-5895
Photo of Carrie S Booher, Psychologist in Oak Ridge, TN
Carrie S Booher
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
I understand that seeking help is not always easy. So the first thing I want to tell you is that I believe that therapy clients are some of the bravest people I have ever had the privilege of knowing. Coming to discuss personal things with someone you've never before met is brave. I realize that you might not feel brave or strong when you seek my help, but I hope to have the chance to help you feel those things. There are several reasons why people seek counseling including relationship issues, depression, anxiety, and fear. Unprocessed trauma is often at the root and can feel like it invades every aspect of life.
I understand that seeking help is not always easy. So the first thing I want to tell you is that I believe that therapy clients are some of the bravest people I have ever had the privilege of knowing. Coming to discuss personal things with someone you've never before met is brave. I realize that you might not feel brave or strong when you seek my help, but I hope to have the chance to help you feel those things. There are several reasons why people seek counseling including relationship issues, depression, anxiety, and fear. Unprocessed trauma is often at the root and can feel like it invades every aspect of life.
(865) 351-2067 View (865) 351-2067
Photo of Lynn Milora Smith, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Oak Ridge, TN
Lynn Milora Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Oak Ridge, TN 37830  (Online Only)
Life can be stressful, and even oftentimes overwhelming. Stressors and trauma can impact our lives in many ways, negatively contributing to our physical and emotional health. I believe the mind has the innate capacity to heal. Therapy can provide the key to unlocking our own power to make positive changes, improving how we respond to life's challenges. The process of change and emotional growth is one that starts with the initial step of reaching out. Therapy can provide a safe, confidential, judgement free environment to explore how to manage stress and live life fully.
Life can be stressful, and even oftentimes overwhelming. Stressors and trauma can impact our lives in many ways, negatively contributing to our physical and emotional health. I believe the mind has the innate capacity to heal. Therapy can provide the key to unlocking our own power to make positive changes, improving how we respond to life's challenges. The process of change and emotional growth is one that starts with the initial step of reaching out. Therapy can provide a safe, confidential, judgement free environment to explore how to manage stress and live life fully.
(865) 745-0782 View (865) 745-0782
Photo of Nicole A Perez, Psychologist in Oak Ridge, TN
Nicole A Perez
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Oak Ridge, TN 37830
My ideal client is one who is curious about his/her emotional life. My treatment philosophy is to engage a person in an exploration of their problems in ways that can lead to better relationships, feelings about themselves, and overall day-to-day functioning. My patients should find relief from their symptoms - whatever they may be - while making changes that will help them stay emotionally healthy and symptom-free in the long-term. It is my belief that therapy is a growth process that can only happen by collaboration and genuine trust between patient and therapist.
My ideal client is one who is curious about his/her emotional life. My treatment philosophy is to engage a person in an exploration of their problems in ways that can lead to better relationships, feelings about themselves, and overall day-to-day functioning. My patients should find relief from their symptoms - whatever they may be - while making changes that will help them stay emotionally healthy and symptom-free in the long-term. It is my belief that therapy is a growth process that can only happen by collaboration and genuine trust between patient and therapist.
(865) 325-9986 View (865) 325-9986

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Oak Ridge, TN

60+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Oak Ridge, TN who prioritize treating:

97% Anxiety
86% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
81% Self Esteem
76% Coping Skills
73% Grief
71% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

68% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
63% Aetna
61% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Oak Ridge, TN see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
28% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Oak Ridge?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.