Therapists in Memphis, TN

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Photo of Brenita Seay, Licensed Professional Counselor in Memphis, TN
Brenita Seay
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38137
Client's struggling with life transitions (i.e. divorce, going to college, move to a new city, etc.), depression, anxiety, issues with self-esteem/self-worth, grief and loss, life skill building are areas that we can work together on in therapy. See you soon!
Client's struggling with life transitions (i.e. divorce, going to college, move to a new city, etc.), depression, anxiety, issues with self-esteem/self-worth, grief and loss, life skill building are areas that we can work together on in therapy. See you soon!
(901) 657-4174 View (901) 657-4174
Photo of Cliff Heegel, Psychologist in Memphis, TN
Cliff Heegel
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38111  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
My office is a safe place to heal from deep pain and dark secrets and resolve emotionally complex situations. I can help you move on and chart a new course. I am very relaxed and informal. I am not conventional, stuffy, or judgmental. Not churchy. I work quietly and deeply. I work well with sensitive people troubled by their minds, feelings, and personal or societal unrest. I can help you set healthier boundaries with family, work, friends, and lovers. Although I will likely retire in 2025, I will see current and previous clients and a short-term new client or two. Only telehealth appointments are open for the foreseeable future.
My office is a safe place to heal from deep pain and dark secrets and resolve emotionally complex situations. I can help you move on and chart a new course. I am very relaxed and informal. I am not conventional, stuffy, or judgmental. Not churchy. I work quietly and deeply. I work well with sensitive people troubled by their minds, feelings, and personal or societal unrest. I can help you set healthier boundaries with family, work, friends, and lovers. Although I will likely retire in 2025, I will see current and previous clients and a short-term new client or two. Only telehealth appointments are open for the foreseeable future.
(901) 390-5728 View (901) 390-5728
Photo of Carissa Bacon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Memphis, TN
Carissa Bacon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38103
Hello there! I'm thrilled that you're here, considering taking a meaningful step towards your journey of self-discovery and growth. If you find yourself yearning for more in life but haven't quite committed to investing in your well-being, you're in the right place. Do you ever sense untapped potential within you, yet grapple with challenges like anxiety, wavering motivation, or self-doubt? Imagine a life filled with renewed passion, not just for your relationships with others but also for your relationship with yourself and your spiritual connection. That's the transformative journey I'm eager to embark on with you.
Hello there! I'm thrilled that you're here, considering taking a meaningful step towards your journey of self-discovery and growth. If you find yourself yearning for more in life but haven't quite committed to investing in your well-being, you're in the right place. Do you ever sense untapped potential within you, yet grapple with challenges like anxiety, wavering motivation, or self-doubt? Imagine a life filled with renewed passion, not just for your relationships with others but also for your relationship with yourself and your spiritual connection. That's the transformative journey I'm eager to embark on with you.
(901) 350-6728 View (901) 350-6728
Photo of Holly Wade, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Memphis, TN
Holly Wade
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CDWF
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38104  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Would you like to find a way to recognize the positive things in your life and enjoy them without self doubt and anxiety? Are you in recovery from abuse or another traumatic event? Many people lose hope without realizing there are effective treatments to reduce reactivity and learn to walk through difficult times with grace. All of the Brené Brown, LMSW, PhD treatment models (The Daring Way, Rising Strong and Gifts of Imperfection) help you recognize your authenticity and gain skills to move through life with purpose and grace. EMDR can also help ease past trauma's and allow you to thrive despite difficult past experiences.
Would you like to find a way to recognize the positive things in your life and enjoy them without self doubt and anxiety? Are you in recovery from abuse or another traumatic event? Many people lose hope without realizing there are effective treatments to reduce reactivity and learn to walk through difficult times with grace. All of the Brené Brown, LMSW, PhD treatment models (The Daring Way, Rising Strong and Gifts of Imperfection) help you recognize your authenticity and gain skills to move through life with purpose and grace. EMDR can also help ease past trauma's and allow you to thrive despite difficult past experiences.
(901) 401-9415 View (901) 401-9415
Photo of La'Kamaree M. Pride, Pre-Licensed Professional in Memphis, TN
La'Kamaree M. Pride
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38157  (Online Only)
You inwardly possess the necessary tools needed to persevere through life's journey while maintaining a state of contentment. You have what it takes to make it each day, even the most difficult ones. Refuse to believe otherwise. With awareness and perspective, you can unlock those tools to work through and conquer the stumbling blocks of life.
You inwardly possess the necessary tools needed to persevere through life's journey while maintaining a state of contentment. You have what it takes to make it each day, even the most difficult ones. Refuse to believe otherwise. With awareness and perspective, you can unlock those tools to work through and conquer the stumbling blocks of life.
(901) 499-2363 View (901) 499-2363
Photo of Allison Rieman, Marriage & Family Therapist in Memphis, TN
Allison Rieman
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38120
Therapy is a place to seek out growth, understanding, and compassion toward yourself and others. And since everyone has a unique story, impacted by people and experiences both past and present, it is crucial that therapy is personalized. Whether you're working toward self-exploration, acceptance, change, or all of the above, we can find a path together. I will collaborate with you in assessing concerns and working toward growth, while providing support throughout your journey.
Therapy is a place to seek out growth, understanding, and compassion toward yourself and others. And since everyone has a unique story, impacted by people and experiences both past and present, it is crucial that therapy is personalized. Whether you're working toward self-exploration, acceptance, change, or all of the above, we can find a path together. I will collaborate with you in assessing concerns and working toward growth, while providing support throughout your journey.
(901) 699-4015 View (901) 699-4015
Photo of Morgan Elyse Crenshaw, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Memphis, TN
Morgan Elyse Crenshaw
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Tennessee. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including anxiety, life changes, relationship issues, grief and loss, domestic violence, eating disorders, and those who have experienced physical or emotional abuse or trauma. I have also worked in the field of hospice and terminal illness.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Tennessee. I have worked with clients with a wide range of concerns including anxiety, life changes, relationship issues, grief and loss, domestic violence, eating disorders, and those who have experienced physical or emotional abuse or trauma. I have also worked in the field of hospice and terminal illness.
(901) 350-5263 View (901) 350-5263
Photo of Kristen M Cofield, Licensed Professional Counselor in Memphis, TN
Kristen M Cofield
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP, NCC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38117
Not accepting new clients
My goal is to empower my clients to lead full, integrated, self-led lives. Together we will focus not only on behavior change and symptom reduction, but also on compassionately addressing and resolving the underlying factors and beliefs that drive coping responses into extremity. Through an integrated approach rooted in the Internal Family Systems model, I help clients to heal their attachment wounds and take ownership of their identity formation. Clients leave my office with better coping skills, a deeper understanding and connection to Self, and a renewed sense of purpose and empowerment.
My goal is to empower my clients to lead full, integrated, self-led lives. Together we will focus not only on behavior change and symptom reduction, but also on compassionately addressing and resolving the underlying factors and beliefs that drive coping responses into extremity. Through an integrated approach rooted in the Internal Family Systems model, I help clients to heal their attachment wounds and take ownership of their identity formation. Clients leave my office with better coping skills, a deeper understanding and connection to Self, and a renewed sense of purpose and empowerment.
(901) 979-9854 View (901) 979-9854
Photo of Brittany Wood, Pre-Licensed Professional in Memphis, TN
Brittany Wood
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSEd, P-LPC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119  (Online Only)
I am dedicated to supporting individuals in their journey towards healing and well-being. l strive to provide a compassionate and safe space for individuals to explore their experiences and work towards healing. Drawing upon evidence-based therapeutic approaches, I tailor my counseling sessions to meet the unique needs of each client. I believe in the power of a collaborative therapeutic relationship, where individuals feel empowered and supported as they navigate their healing process. I am trained in a variety of therapeutic approaches, including TF-CBT, CBT, DBT, IFS, Motivational Interviewing, and Person-Centered Therapy.
I am dedicated to supporting individuals in their journey towards healing and well-being. l strive to provide a compassionate and safe space for individuals to explore their experiences and work towards healing. Drawing upon evidence-based therapeutic approaches, I tailor my counseling sessions to meet the unique needs of each client. I believe in the power of a collaborative therapeutic relationship, where individuals feel empowered and supported as they navigate their healing process. I am trained in a variety of therapeutic approaches, including TF-CBT, CBT, DBT, IFS, Motivational Interviewing, and Person-Centered Therapy.
(731) 237-0889 View (731) 237-0889
Photo of Lisa Alex, Psychologist in Memphis, TN
Lisa Alex
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38117
Not accepting new clients
As a licensed psychologist for more than 35 years, I have experience in community mental health, hospital-based treatment, employee assistance programs, and as a private practitioner. My treatment approach is gentle, but straight-forward. I utilize a variety of treatment-approaches custom-tailored to what works best for you. My experience has made me comfortable with individuals from a broad spectrum of backgrounds and different cultural orientations. I enjoy working with people and have been successful in dealing with many challenging situations.
As a licensed psychologist for more than 35 years, I have experience in community mental health, hospital-based treatment, employee assistance programs, and as a private practitioner. My treatment approach is gentle, but straight-forward. I utilize a variety of treatment-approaches custom-tailored to what works best for you. My experience has made me comfortable with individuals from a broad spectrum of backgrounds and different cultural orientations. I enjoy working with people and have been successful in dealing with many challenging situations.
(901) 290-4813 View (901) 290-4813
Photo of Hugh D. Moore, Psychologist in Memphis, TN
Hugh D. Moore
Psychologist, PhD, MBA
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38119  (Online Only)
We offer individual therapy for adults and couples therapy. Our specialties are relationship counseling, whether new, enduring, or ending, psychological testing, individual psychotherapy, and forensic services.
We offer individual therapy for adults and couples therapy. Our specialties are relationship counseling, whether new, enduring, or ending, psychological testing, individual psychotherapy, and forensic services.
(901) 235-2889 View (901) 235-2889
Photo of Esteem Counseling and Wellness Center, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Memphis, TN
Esteem Counseling and Wellness Center, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38125
Do you consider yourself a high achiever or go-getter, but recently find yourself feeling stuck in a rut or unable to keep up with life’s pace lately? Are there times when you know you should stand up for yourself, but worry more often how it will affect other people? Well, you are not alone. Adjustments can be hard, and they can draw attention to underlying anxiety, depression and even trauma.
Do you consider yourself a high achiever or go-getter, but recently find yourself feeling stuck in a rut or unable to keep up with life’s pace lately? Are there times when you know you should stand up for yourself, but worry more often how it will affect other people? Well, you are not alone. Adjustments can be hard, and they can draw attention to underlying anxiety, depression and even trauma.
(901) 519-2436 View (901) 519-2436
Photo of Shara Danziger, Pre-Licensed Professional in Memphis, TN
Shara Danziger
Pre-Licensed Professional, LPC (T), PLPC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38120
I work with couples, families and adolescents. What they all have in common is a feeling of why is this happening to me? What do I do now? Is everyone doing better than I am? Is everyone managing so much easier than we are? Why is my marriage so difficult? Is parenting this hard for everyone? I know that life can be complicated, and it does not come with a manual. My goal is to work with clients to face and navigate their life so that they can gain perspective and grow. My love is working with clients so they can move through this world in such a way that they can be strong mentally and in healthy families and relationships.
I work with couples, families and adolescents. What they all have in common is a feeling of why is this happening to me? What do I do now? Is everyone doing better than I am? Is everyone managing so much easier than we are? Why is my marriage so difficult? Is parenting this hard for everyone? I know that life can be complicated, and it does not come with a manual. My goal is to work with clients to face and navigate their life so that they can gain perspective and grow. My love is working with clients so they can move through this world in such a way that they can be strong mentally and in healthy families and relationships.
(901) 582-6324 View (901) 582-6324
Photo of Kathy Miller, Counselor in Memphis, TN
Kathy Miller
Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38117
Not accepting new clients
My approach with my clients is one of being relaxed and personable. I am methodical in pacing therapy with the client's own needs and coping skills. Clients are taught usable ways to deal with stress, intense emotions and disturbing thoughts. My goal is to help each client focus on living life to the fullest instead of going through the motions of living life. As a Christian counselor, I respect each individual's beliefs in God and salvation. I actively seek God's healing graces to guide me in my work to help my clients.
My approach with my clients is one of being relaxed and personable. I am methodical in pacing therapy with the client's own needs and coping skills. Clients are taught usable ways to deal with stress, intense emotions and disturbing thoughts. My goal is to help each client focus on living life to the fullest instead of going through the motions of living life. As a Christian counselor, I respect each individual's beliefs in God and salvation. I actively seek God's healing graces to guide me in my work to help my clients.
(901) 654-0235 View (901) 654-0235
Photo of Jennifer Lake, Licensed Professional Counselor in Memphis, TN
Jennifer Lake
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38134  (Online Only)
As your therapist, my primary focus is to provide you with a safe and non-judgmental space where you can freely express yourself and feel heard. I am dedicated to understanding the core of who you are beyond the pain and confusion, and my aim is to support you in gaining that understanding as well. Therapy serves as an opportunity to unravel limiting beliefs and cultivate new perspectives. I value utilizing various therapeutic approaches that are tailored to your specific needs, particularly exploring mind-body connections to address underlying issues.
As your therapist, my primary focus is to provide you with a safe and non-judgmental space where you can freely express yourself and feel heard. I am dedicated to understanding the core of who you are beyond the pain and confusion, and my aim is to support you in gaining that understanding as well. Therapy serves as an opportunity to unravel limiting beliefs and cultivate new perspectives. I value utilizing various therapeutic approaches that are tailored to your specific needs, particularly exploring mind-body connections to address underlying issues.
(901) 459-5328 View (901) 459-5328
Photo of Ted Mattis, Marriage & Family Therapist in Memphis, TN
Ted Mattis
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MDiv
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38120
Being human is struggle enough, isn't it? I have found in my life that the most natural thing we do is mess it up! We are a messy bunch. I am trained in Family Systems and work with individuals, couples and families. People dealing with relational struggles, infidelity, communication, parenting concerns, Family of Origin work, addiction and recovery, depression, anxiety, grief and loss, life transition and adjustment, emotional and spiritual conflict/confusion and other life struggles will find help, tools and care with me.
Being human is struggle enough, isn't it? I have found in my life that the most natural thing we do is mess it up! We are a messy bunch. I am trained in Family Systems and work with individuals, couples and families. People dealing with relational struggles, infidelity, communication, parenting concerns, Family of Origin work, addiction and recovery, depression, anxiety, grief and loss, life transition and adjustment, emotional and spiritual conflict/confusion and other life struggles will find help, tools and care with me.
(901) 617-3714 View (901) 617-3714
Photo of Rachel Veteto, Licensed Professional Counselor in Memphis, TN
Rachel Veteto
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38117
I understand reaching out for help takes courage and bravery. I believe that we all need support in our lives to navigate the inevitable difficulties that arise. I hope to create a safe and empathetic space for you as you go through life’s challenges. I have experience working with children and adults who have experienced sexual abuse, partner abuse, grief and loss, and other forms of trauma. My goal as your therapist is to help you to gain confidence as you work through difficult situations. No issue is too big or too small.
I understand reaching out for help takes courage and bravery. I believe that we all need support in our lives to navigate the inevitable difficulties that arise. I hope to create a safe and empathetic space for you as you go through life’s challenges. I have experience working with children and adults who have experienced sexual abuse, partner abuse, grief and loss, and other forms of trauma. My goal as your therapist is to help you to gain confidence as you work through difficult situations. No issue is too big or too small.
(901) 673-3531 x402 View (901) 673-3531 x402
Photo of Jay Allen Stone, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Memphis, TN
Jay Allen Stone
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, BS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38120
As a therapist I strive to provide a safe and nurturing space where you feel free to explore what it means to be you and navigate life’s struggles without judgement. Therapy brings us to some of our most vulnerable moments, and I make it my mission that you feel heard, validated, and free to discover, maybe for the first time or perhaps again, who you are and/or who you’d like to become. I help clients navigate ways to improve their lives while also treating trauma-related issues, grief, relational and interpersonal challenges, family of origin issues, depression, and anxiety.
As a therapist I strive to provide a safe and nurturing space where you feel free to explore what it means to be you and navigate life’s struggles without judgement. Therapy brings us to some of our most vulnerable moments, and I make it my mission that you feel heard, validated, and free to discover, maybe for the first time or perhaps again, who you are and/or who you’d like to become. I help clients navigate ways to improve their lives while also treating trauma-related issues, grief, relational and interpersonal challenges, family of origin issues, depression, and anxiety.
(901) 403-6807 View (901) 403-6807
Photo of Taylor LaPorte, Pre-Licensed Professional in Memphis, TN
Taylor LaPorte
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, NCC
Verified Verified
Memphis, TN 38117
Over the past 3 years, I have dedicated myself to those dealing with eating disorders, depression, anxiety, and trauma. With almost 2 decades of personal recovery, I understand how the eating disorder can affect your ability to move forward in life, especially when there are coinciding disorders. The realization that you may need help takes a certain amount of courage and I’m here to walk along side you on that journey to recovery so you can fulfill your dreams. It will be hard, uncomfortable, and sometimes won’t seem worth it, but I assure you, there is more to life and you have the capability to heal.
Over the past 3 years, I have dedicated myself to those dealing with eating disorders, depression, anxiety, and trauma. With almost 2 decades of personal recovery, I understand how the eating disorder can affect your ability to move forward in life, especially when there are coinciding disorders. The realization that you may need help takes a certain amount of courage and I’m here to walk along side you on that journey to recovery so you can fulfill your dreams. It will be hard, uncomfortable, and sometimes won’t seem worth it, but I assure you, there is more to life and you have the capability to heal.
(901) 563-3243 View (901) 563-3243
Photo of Rachael Henderson- Amaris Counseling Llc in Memphis, TN
Rachael Henderson- Amaris Counseling Llc
LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Memphis, TN 38134  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Congratulations! You are taking the first step in reaching your goals and taking back control of your life. I provide a safe environment for individuals and families to address their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors without the fear of judgment or rejection. We all experience pain whether it be physical, mental, or emotional. This pain can often manifest itself in our relationships and influence our thoughts and behaviors. As your therapist, I will partner with you to provide support in reaching your personal goals. I specialize in anxiety, depression, pre-marital and marital counseling.
Congratulations! You are taking the first step in reaching your goals and taking back control of your life. I provide a safe environment for individuals and families to address their thoughts, feelings, and behaviors without the fear of judgment or rejection. We all experience pain whether it be physical, mental, or emotional. This pain can often manifest itself in our relationships and influence our thoughts and behaviors. As your therapist, I will partner with you to provide support in reaching your personal goals. I specialize in anxiety, depression, pre-marital and marital counseling.
(773) 207-3254 View (773) 207-3254

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Memphis, TN

500+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Memphis, TN who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
85% Depression
76% Self Esteem
73% Relationship Issues
70% Coping Skills
69% Trauma and PTSD
68% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Cigna and Evernorth
69% Aetna
66% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Memphis, TN see their clients

65% In Person and Online
35% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
18% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Memphis?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.