Therapists in Knoxville, TN

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Photo of Vicki Miller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Knoxville, TN
Vicki Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37919
After retiring from the military with over 21 years in service, I completed my undergraduate and graduate degrees in Social Work at the University of Tennessee Knoxville. I wanted to help others discover their own potential in living a fulfilling, joyful life. I believe in empowering the whole person through Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT) and the connection of mind, body, and spirit.
After retiring from the military with over 21 years in service, I completed my undergraduate and graduate degrees in Social Work at the University of Tennessee Knoxville. I wanted to help others discover their own potential in living a fulfilling, joyful life. I believe in empowering the whole person through Acceptance Commitment Therapy (ACT) and the connection of mind, body, and spirit.
(865) 407-2323 View (865) 407-2323
Photo of Kelsey Rochelle, Pre-Licensed Professional in Knoxville, TN
Kelsey Rochelle
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, NCC
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37923
The most genuine way I can think to start this personal statement is by disclosing how difficult I have found it to write what you are now reading (or skimming). I'd like to show you that I know your pain, but I don't know all the ins and outs of your many experiences leading up to this point in your life. What I do know is that there is often loneliness in feeling unseen, unknown, or misunderstood. I find meaning in working with individuals who feel detached or disconnected from others, their surroundings, or even themselves.
The most genuine way I can think to start this personal statement is by disclosing how difficult I have found it to write what you are now reading (or skimming). I'd like to show you that I know your pain, but I don't know all the ins and outs of your many experiences leading up to this point in your life. What I do know is that there is often loneliness in feeling unseen, unknown, or misunderstood. I find meaning in working with individuals who feel detached or disconnected from others, their surroundings, or even themselves.
(865) 830-3044 View (865) 830-3044
Photo of Tony D. Weaver, Licensed Professional Counselor in Knoxville, TN
Tony D. Weaver
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MHSP, NCC, CCMHC
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37923
Tony is a Licensed Professional Counselor who has extensive experience treating both first responders and military personnel and their dependents for trauma-related issues as well as a host of other concerns. Tony and his family reside in West Knoxville and he is well versed in the Tennessee culture having been raised in East Tennessee. In addition to an M.A. in Clinical Mental Health Counseling, Tony earned a Master of Divinity and served for over 15 years in the pastoral setting. From his broad academic and experiential background he brings to the clinical setting a wealth of wisdom and skill with a unique perspective.
Tony is a Licensed Professional Counselor who has extensive experience treating both first responders and military personnel and their dependents for trauma-related issues as well as a host of other concerns. Tony and his family reside in West Knoxville and he is well versed in the Tennessee culture having been raised in East Tennessee. In addition to an M.A. in Clinical Mental Health Counseling, Tony earned a Master of Divinity and served for over 15 years in the pastoral setting. From his broad academic and experiential background he brings to the clinical setting a wealth of wisdom and skill with a unique perspective.
(865) 234-3426 View (865) 234-3426
Photo of Jibby L Redfield, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Knoxville, TN
Jibby L Redfield
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37922
Experienced with depression, OCD, anxiety, internal conflicts, phobias, relationships, etc. I work with individuals and groups ages 16 and older. My clients have described me as objective, warm, nonjudgmental, and solution focused. Together we can bring you to a better place! I am able to see new clients within the week!
Experienced with depression, OCD, anxiety, internal conflicts, phobias, relationships, etc. I work with individuals and groups ages 16 and older. My clients have described me as objective, warm, nonjudgmental, and solution focused. Together we can bring you to a better place! I am able to see new clients within the week!
(865) 205-8030 View (865) 205-8030
Photo of Kathleen J Reilly, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Knoxville, TN
Kathleen J Reilly
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37912
I believe that with enough stress anyone could become overwhelmed and need help re-grouping. My goal is to help clients identify and access strengths as well as learn new coping skills to have happier relationships; increased self-esteem; and a more fulfilling life. I have experience with all types of clients and issues ranging from adjustment problems (primarily relationships and work) to more complex issues including depression, anxiety, grief, and unresolved childhood abuse.
I believe that with enough stress anyone could become overwhelmed and need help re-grouping. My goal is to help clients identify and access strengths as well as learn new coping skills to have happier relationships; increased self-esteem; and a more fulfilling life. I have experience with all types of clients and issues ranging from adjustment problems (primarily relationships and work) to more complex issues including depression, anxiety, grief, and unresolved childhood abuse.
(865) 935-9966 View (865) 935-9966
Photo of Angelique Zimcosky, Licensed Professional Counselor in Knoxville, TN
Angelique Zimcosky
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC/, MHSP, NCC
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37938
I enjoy working with adolescents, adults, and couples. I see clients dealing with anxiety, depression, relational-stress, trauma and other mental health issues. I have extensive experience working with clients affected by emotional trauma. I am trained in Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) and Internal family systems (IFS), which I use to help clients process both PTSD and C-PTSD. In addition, I am certified in Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and also have advanced training in The Gottman Method for couples. I blend all of these interventions with a person-centered approach to provide a warm and collaborative style
I enjoy working with adolescents, adults, and couples. I see clients dealing with anxiety, depression, relational-stress, trauma and other mental health issues. I have extensive experience working with clients affected by emotional trauma. I am trained in Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) and Internal family systems (IFS), which I use to help clients process both PTSD and C-PTSD. In addition, I am certified in Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) and also have advanced training in The Gottman Method for couples. I blend all of these interventions with a person-centered approach to provide a warm and collaborative style
(865) 685-5293 View (865) 685-5293
Photo of Pamela Carpenter, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Knoxville, TN
Pamela Carpenter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37909
Life is filled with change. Oftentimes, we have to confront things we never expected. Sometimes, we are faced with overwhelming situations, such as loss or trauma, and we need someone to walk alongside us. But for all of us, there are times we know we want our lives to be different, but we may be unsure how to make changes. Perhaps, our moods or feelings seem to command our choices, or perhaps we just don't know what steps to take first. Therapy is an opportunity for us to pursue desired changes with the assistance that can help us achieve our goals.
Life is filled with change. Oftentimes, we have to confront things we never expected. Sometimes, we are faced with overwhelming situations, such as loss or trauma, and we need someone to walk alongside us. But for all of us, there are times we know we want our lives to be different, but we may be unsure how to make changes. Perhaps, our moods or feelings seem to command our choices, or perhaps we just don't know what steps to take first. Therapy is an opportunity for us to pursue desired changes with the assistance that can help us achieve our goals.
(865) 551-6113 View (865) 551-6113
Photo of Katie Wheeler, Licensed Professional Counselor in Knoxville, TN
Katie Wheeler
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37909
Have you experienced a trauma in your life which you are finding to be difficult to cope with? Are you noticing your past wounds are impacting who you are today? Moving forward after a traumatic event can be difficult. I aim to provide my clients with a secure and accepting environment. My ideal client would come to session ready to process difficult things while they curl up on my couch and feel at home in my office space. Although I have seen clients of all ages and diagnoses, I feel the most comfortable with teen and adult aged clients who are currently experiencing PTSD, anxiety, and/or depression.
Have you experienced a trauma in your life which you are finding to be difficult to cope with? Are you noticing your past wounds are impacting who you are today? Moving forward after a traumatic event can be difficult. I aim to provide my clients with a secure and accepting environment. My ideal client would come to session ready to process difficult things while they curl up on my couch and feel at home in my office space. Although I have seen clients of all ages and diagnoses, I feel the most comfortable with teen and adult aged clients who are currently experiencing PTSD, anxiety, and/or depression.
(865) 217-0931 View (865) 217-0931
Photo of Rachel Lucero, Counselor in Knoxville, TN
Rachel Lucero
Counselor, tLPC
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37923
I am Licensed Professional Clinical Mental Health Counselor in the states of New Mexico (LPCC), Pennsylvania (LPC), Colorado (LPC) and Tennessee (LPC-MHSP temp). Since 2016, I have worked with children, adolescents, adults, and families struggling with mental health issues including trauma and PTSD, depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and more. I specialize in the treatment of eating disorders in adults and teens and work with individuals and families to foster feeling from disordered eating.
I am Licensed Professional Clinical Mental Health Counselor in the states of New Mexico (LPCC), Pennsylvania (LPC), Colorado (LPC) and Tennessee (LPC-MHSP temp). Since 2016, I have worked with children, adolescents, adults, and families struggling with mental health issues including trauma and PTSD, depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and more. I specialize in the treatment of eating disorders in adults and teens and work with individuals and families to foster feeling from disordered eating.
(865) 800-3841 View (865) 800-3841
Photo of Shannon D Warden, Marriage & Family Therapist in Knoxville, TN
Shannon D Warden
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37934
It is my honor and privilege to get to work in a profession that I love, where I am able to partner with hard-working people to find solutions to their struggles. I have seen the positive results of people being able to open up in a non-threatening environment. Together, we look at your whole self, taking into account relationships and their influence on who you are. I'm passionate about my work and I'm blessed to have the opportunity to witness someone making a significant change and being there when they experience the moment or series of moments where it all clicks.
It is my honor and privilege to get to work in a profession that I love, where I am able to partner with hard-working people to find solutions to their struggles. I have seen the positive results of people being able to open up in a non-threatening environment. Together, we look at your whole self, taking into account relationships and their influence on who you are. I'm passionate about my work and I'm blessed to have the opportunity to witness someone making a significant change and being there when they experience the moment or series of moments where it all clicks.
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Photo of Michele Aguilar, Pre-Licensed Professional in Knoxville, TN
Michele Aguilar
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37920  (Online Only)
Are you feeling burnt out or having issues struggling with all of life’s obstacles? I get that. Let’s work through it together. I hope to help assist and support you in gaining the skills needed to successfully overcome the obstacles that you are facing as we are on this healing journey together. I currently only offer virtual sessions. I understand that virtual sessions are not everyone's cup of tea, therefore starting Spring 2024 I will be offering walk and talk therapy at three different parks in Knoxville.
Are you feeling burnt out or having issues struggling with all of life’s obstacles? I get that. Let’s work through it together. I hope to help assist and support you in gaining the skills needed to successfully overcome the obstacles that you are facing as we are on this healing journey together. I currently only offer virtual sessions. I understand that virtual sessions are not everyone's cup of tea, therefore starting Spring 2024 I will be offering walk and talk therapy at three different parks in Knoxville.
(865) 346-3857 View (865) 346-3857
Photo of Michael Donald Charnley, Pre-Licensed Professional in Knoxville, TN
Michael Donald Charnley
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37912
I work primarily with men, women, and couples (18 or older) to improve their lives in the midst of depression, anxiety, problems related to anger, trauma, grief, behavioral issues, marital distress, and more. I became a counselor because I (like most people) have experienced seasons of hardship and darkness. I remember wanting those seasons to end as quickly as possible, but they felt endless when I felt alone. Safe relationships with others who sat with me in the darkness were key to my growth and to moving on to new seasons of life. I became a counselor because I feel called to do that for others, no matter the season or hardship.
I work primarily with men, women, and couples (18 or older) to improve their lives in the midst of depression, anxiety, problems related to anger, trauma, grief, behavioral issues, marital distress, and more. I became a counselor because I (like most people) have experienced seasons of hardship and darkness. I remember wanting those seasons to end as quickly as possible, but they felt endless when I felt alone. Safe relationships with others who sat with me in the darkness were key to my growth and to moving on to new seasons of life. I became a counselor because I feel called to do that for others, no matter the season or hardship.
(865) 535-7128 View (865) 535-7128
Photo of Sascha Smith, Licensed Professional Counselor in Knoxville, TN
Sascha Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCMHSP, C-DBT
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37909
Sascha Smith is a licensed professional counselor that has been working in the mental health field for over 6 years with adolescents, children, and families. Sascha has worked in-patient severe trauma treatment centers for youth in foster care, community mental health centers, community based in-home family therapy centers, and adolescent alcohol and drug abuse treatment facilities, Sascha treats children and teenagers with a variety of behavioral health concerns using multiple evidence-based models of treatment.
Sascha Smith is a licensed professional counselor that has been working in the mental health field for over 6 years with adolescents, children, and families. Sascha has worked in-patient severe trauma treatment centers for youth in foster care, community mental health centers, community based in-home family therapy centers, and adolescent alcohol and drug abuse treatment facilities, Sascha treats children and teenagers with a variety of behavioral health concerns using multiple evidence-based models of treatment.
(865) 424-7460 View (865) 424-7460
Photo of Alex Thompson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Knoxville, TN
Alex Thompson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW, ADS, CSTS
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37931  (Online Only)
Serving Tennessee and Colorado virtually. Do you feel like you are drowning in emotions and can’t catch your breath? Do you struggle feeling heard? Do you feel unsupported from other people? Are you overwhelmed with daily activities or lack motivation? Do you struggle with shame? Have you been diagnosed or suspect you have anxiety, depression, PTSD, trauma, grief, or relationship issues? These challenges are more common than ever. Most individuals put off help, and like cancer the situation can worsen. To improve, it can seem overwhelming. You are not alone.
Serving Tennessee and Colorado virtually. Do you feel like you are drowning in emotions and can’t catch your breath? Do you struggle feeling heard? Do you feel unsupported from other people? Are you overwhelmed with daily activities or lack motivation? Do you struggle with shame? Have you been diagnosed or suspect you have anxiety, depression, PTSD, trauma, grief, or relationship issues? These challenges are more common than ever. Most individuals put off help, and like cancer the situation can worsen. To improve, it can seem overwhelming. You are not alone.
(865) 375-8991 View (865) 375-8991
Photo of Linda L Behel, Counselor in Knoxville, TN
Linda L Behel
Counselor, MS, LMFT, LPC, MHSP
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37923
My goal is to help people identify problem areas and the personal strengths that are available to begin to address those problems. I also focus on helping people improve communication and relationship skills as a part of problem-solving. I treat individuals and couples dealing with depression, anxiety, grief/loss issues, substance abuse, communication and relationship problems, women's issues, adjustment problems, parenting, spiritual issues. I participate in many employee assistance plans and I am in most insurance networks. Please call for detailed information about plans.
My goal is to help people identify problem areas and the personal strengths that are available to begin to address those problems. I also focus on helping people improve communication and relationship skills as a part of problem-solving. I treat individuals and couples dealing with depression, anxiety, grief/loss issues, substance abuse, communication and relationship problems, women's issues, adjustment problems, parenting, spiritual issues. I participate in many employee assistance plans and I am in most insurance networks. Please call for detailed information about plans.
(865) 375-5136 View (865) 375-5136
Photo of Patrisha Tatum, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Knoxville, TN
Patrisha Tatum
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37922  (Online Only)
Patricia "Trisha" Tatum is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 8 years of experience. She quickly learned that she was interested in helping people overcome anxiety and depression and started her work as a therapist working mostly with adolescents and adults. Trisha has a passion for helping her clients through life transitions and overcoming barriers to obtaining their goals. Trisha specializes in anxiety, depression, trauma, and major life transitions.
Patricia "Trisha" Tatum is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) with over 8 years of experience. She quickly learned that she was interested in helping people overcome anxiety and depression and started her work as a therapist working mostly with adolescents and adults. Trisha has a passion for helping her clients through life transitions and overcoming barriers to obtaining their goals. Trisha specializes in anxiety, depression, trauma, and major life transitions.
(865) 568-6083 View (865) 568-6083
Photo of Amy Black in Knoxville, TN
Amy Black
PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37919
With a focus on children, teens, and young adults, Amy's approach is grounded in the belief that every child deserves the opportunity to lead a healthy, fulfilling life. Her mission is to provide compassionate and comprehensive care that empowers children, teens, and families to thrive in every aspect of life. Amy is committed to nurturing the well-being of her clients, and strive to be a beacon of hope, support, and healing for Tennessee's children, teens, and their families, fostering a brighter future for our community.
With a focus on children, teens, and young adults, Amy's approach is grounded in the belief that every child deserves the opportunity to lead a healthy, fulfilling life. Her mission is to provide compassionate and comprehensive care that empowers children, teens, and families to thrive in every aspect of life. Amy is committed to nurturing the well-being of her clients, and strive to be a beacon of hope, support, and healing for Tennessee's children, teens, and their families, fostering a brighter future for our community.
(865) 269-9452 View (865) 269-9452
Photo of Brett Gleason, Licensed Professional Counselor in Knoxville, TN
Brett Gleason
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37922
I am a licensed professional counselor that specializes in working with children with emotional and behavioral issues including those who come from hard places and have experienced various types of trauma. I operate from an attachment perspective to help children, parents and families strengthen their relationships to get their deepest needs met. Being an adoptive father I have a particular heart for adoption and foster care.
I am a licensed professional counselor that specializes in working with children with emotional and behavioral issues including those who come from hard places and have experienced various types of trauma. I operate from an attachment perspective to help children, parents and families strengthen their relationships to get their deepest needs met. Being an adoptive father I have a particular heart for adoption and foster care.
(865) 240-2253 View (865) 240-2253
Photo of Emily Chadwick, Pre-Licensed Professional in Knoxville, TN
Emily Chadwick
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Knoxville, TN 37918
Whatever situation you’re in or having a hard time letting go of, there is a way to get through it. While I do specialize in helping children and parents, I am passionate about all people. I use a wide variety of approaches to treat anxiety, depression, OCD, trauma (complex and single-event), behavioral issues in children and teens, parenting, and couples. I offer individual, couple, and family sessions. Send me an email if you have questions, I always respond as soon as possible! I am currently accepting new clients!
Whatever situation you’re in or having a hard time letting go of, there is a way to get through it. While I do specialize in helping children and parents, I am passionate about all people. I use a wide variety of approaches to treat anxiety, depression, OCD, trauma (complex and single-event), behavioral issues in children and teens, parenting, and couples. I offer individual, couple, and family sessions. Send me an email if you have questions, I always respond as soon as possible! I am currently accepting new clients!
(865) 345-5146 View (865) 345-5146
Photo of Caroline Burkholder, Pre-Licensed Professional in Knoxville, TN
Caroline Burkholder
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, RD, LD, CEDS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Knoxville, TN 37919
The therapeutic relationship is unlike any other relationship. It is characterized by attuned and non-judgmental listening aimed at identifying and understanding repetitive patterns that contribute to relational and behavioral difficulties. If you find yourself continuously engaging in unhelpful behaviors and can't figure out why, therapy can be a profoundly useful resource to identify the aspects of your personality that may be perpetuating these cycles.
The therapeutic relationship is unlike any other relationship. It is characterized by attuned and non-judgmental listening aimed at identifying and understanding repetitive patterns that contribute to relational and behavioral difficulties. If you find yourself continuously engaging in unhelpful behaviors and can't figure out why, therapy can be a profoundly useful resource to identify the aspects of your personality that may be perpetuating these cycles.
(865) 328-1928 View (865) 328-1928

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Knoxville, TN

700+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Knoxville, TN who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
88% Depression
73% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
72% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills
65% Grief

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

69% Aetna
69% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
68% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Knoxville, TN see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Knoxville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.