Therapists in Spartanburg, SC

Photo of Audrey Williams, Licensed Professional Counselor in Spartanburg, SC
Audrey Williams
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29302  (Online Only)
My ideal client does not fit one mold, but instead is someone who seeks a sincere, professional counselor who is dedicated to helping them reach their goals! I am passionate about helping people, and want you to know that your needs and goals are important to me. I specialize in finding relief from worry, anxiety, negative thoughts, depression, postpartum and more. I know that with these emotions one can feel helpless and exhausted in seeking relief or answers to lessen pain. My life work is built around walking alongside those in need, partnering with them to work towards their goals for a better life balance and hope.
My ideal client does not fit one mold, but instead is someone who seeks a sincere, professional counselor who is dedicated to helping them reach their goals! I am passionate about helping people, and want you to know that your needs and goals are important to me. I specialize in finding relief from worry, anxiety, negative thoughts, depression, postpartum and more. I know that with these emotions one can feel helpless and exhausted in seeking relief or answers to lessen pain. My life work is built around walking alongside those in need, partnering with them to work towards their goals for a better life balance and hope.
(864) 619-4318 View (864) 619-4318
Photo of James William Pruett, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
James William Pruett
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, DMin, LMFT/S, LCMHC/S, LCPT/PC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29307
Since 1970 I have walked with many persons, couples and families who need supportive, fresh ears and eyes, a compassionate heart, wise experience and holistic perspective regarding life's challenges, transitions, burdens, growth points and life choices. I learn each one's story is unique and may offer the opportunity for new meaning and purpose. I seek to know and connect with each one I am honored and often blessed to serve at the core of who she or he is and not lose sight of that one's uniqueness midst the presenting depression, anxiety, grief, infidelity, identity clarification, trauma, worry, miscommunication and addiction.
Since 1970 I have walked with many persons, couples and families who need supportive, fresh ears and eyes, a compassionate heart, wise experience and holistic perspective regarding life's challenges, transitions, burdens, growth points and life choices. I learn each one's story is unique and may offer the opportunity for new meaning and purpose. I seek to know and connect with each one I am honored and often blessed to serve at the core of who she or he is and not lose sight of that one's uniqueness midst the presenting depression, anxiety, grief, infidelity, identity clarification, trauma, worry, miscommunication and addiction.
(980) 399-5118 View (980) 399-5118
Photo of Clare C Johnson, Licensed Professional Counselor in Spartanburg, SC
Clare C Johnson
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29307
I am passionate about supporting individuals and families on their journey to greater connection, peace, and joy. My professional experience includes trauma informed counseling for individuals, couples, and families. I have deep respect for my clients, and I look forward to walking alongside you as you do this courageous work.
I am passionate about supporting individuals and families on their journey to greater connection, peace, and joy. My professional experience includes trauma informed counseling for individuals, couples, and families. I have deep respect for my clients, and I look forward to walking alongside you as you do this courageous work.
(864) 405-4224 View (864) 405-4224
Photo of Jeffrey D Edwards, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Jeffrey D Edwards
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LISW-CP
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29302
We all face challenges and crises in our lives and sometimes they can be too much to handle alone. Whether it is a specific event or a chronic illness, I think by facilitating emotional resilience I can help you overcome those challenges and life stressors. From marriage/intimacy, addiction and substance abuse, adolescent behavioral and mental health issues, trauma and other adverse childhood experiences - there are not many issues I have not encountered. I believe we all possess the ability to make positive, sustainable change and I take pride in working together, along side you to find a harmonious balance in your life.
We all face challenges and crises in our lives and sometimes they can be too much to handle alone. Whether it is a specific event or a chronic illness, I think by facilitating emotional resilience I can help you overcome those challenges and life stressors. From marriage/intimacy, addiction and substance abuse, adolescent behavioral and mental health issues, trauma and other adverse childhood experiences - there are not many issues I have not encountered. I believe we all possess the ability to make positive, sustainable change and I take pride in working together, along side you to find a harmonious balance in your life.
(864) 428-9523 View (864) 428-9523
Photo of Candace D Cathcart, LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Candace D Cathcart, LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, MMFT, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29302
Life has become exhausting. It's been a struggle just to make it through the day and pushing yourself a minute longer almost feels impossible. Your prayers even seem to have fallen on deaf ears. You are tired from conflicts in your marriage/relationship or with your child(ren). You've lost yourself. Anxiety, anger, depression, grief, disappointment, and hurt have become the norm and you are overwhelmed with sadness. You want a better life but have no idea where to start? If this sounds familiar you are in the right place at the right time. I am here to help. There is hope for you.
Life has become exhausting. It's been a struggle just to make it through the day and pushing yourself a minute longer almost feels impossible. Your prayers even seem to have fallen on deaf ears. You are tired from conflicts in your marriage/relationship or with your child(ren). You've lost yourself. Anxiety, anger, depression, grief, disappointment, and hurt have become the norm and you are overwhelmed with sadness. You want a better life but have no idea where to start? If this sounds familiar you are in the right place at the right time. I am here to help. There is hope for you.
(864) 571-2575 View (864) 571-2575
Photo of Marjorie Warren, LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Marjorie Warren, LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, MMFT, LMFT
Verified
2 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29302
Many days, pressure from others’ expectations can be mentally, physically & emotionally draining. It seems you are never good enough, always pushing toward perfection. Working hard, putting time in day and night, struggling to perform at work, school, home, with sports, family and peers. This can lead to overwhelming amounts of stress, fear, sadness, conflict, and irritability, impacting choices made. You want to feel valued and accepted, and are told to be mentally tough and stay strong. On the inside you are nervous, and fear failure. Outside pressure can be overwhelming, bringing feelings of self doubt, and fear.
Many days, pressure from others’ expectations can be mentally, physically & emotionally draining. It seems you are never good enough, always pushing toward perfection. Working hard, putting time in day and night, struggling to perform at work, school, home, with sports, family and peers. This can lead to overwhelming amounts of stress, fear, sadness, conflict, and irritability, impacting choices made. You want to feel valued and accepted, and are told to be mentally tough and stay strong. On the inside you are nervous, and fear failure. Outside pressure can be overwhelming, bringing feelings of self doubt, and fear.
(864) 548-9923 View (864) 548-9923
Photo of Erin Tapp, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Erin Tapp
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29302
I have a passion for helping people get through the difficult times in their life, whether that is from losing a loved one to just the day-to-day stress that life sometimes brings. Sometimes life's path is a difficult one to navigate alone and I want to be that person that walks beside those who are needing assistance in navigating that path.
I have a passion for helping people get through the difficult times in their life, whether that is from losing a loved one to just the day-to-day stress that life sometimes brings. Sometimes life's path is a difficult one to navigate alone and I want to be that person that walks beside those who are needing assistance in navigating that path.
(864) 301-6117 View (864) 301-6117
Photo of Susan Lea, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Susan Lea
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CAMS II
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29306
Are you exhausted at the end of your work day, burned out, or physically sick more often than in the past? As a caregiver, compassion and empathy drive your work, requiring an emotional investment in other people that leaves you drained. It can be difficult to set aside time for your own emotional needs. After all, we have been trained to fully focus on the mental health and well-being of other people. You want to provide the best client care, focusing fully on their mental health, and still have energy left for yourself at the end of the day.
Are you exhausted at the end of your work day, burned out, or physically sick more often than in the past? As a caregiver, compassion and empathy drive your work, requiring an emotional investment in other people that leaves you drained. It can be difficult to set aside time for your own emotional needs. After all, we have been trained to fully focus on the mental health and well-being of other people. You want to provide the best client care, focusing fully on their mental health, and still have energy left for yourself at the end of the day.
(864) 373-0175 View (864) 373-0175
Photo of Hitha Srivatsan, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Hitha Srivatsan
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, CCH, MMFT
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29307
Ready for things to change? Tired of feeling stuck in cycles in your relationship, your moods, your behaviours? Have there been events in your past you'd rather not have replay in your head over and over again? A sense of security, meaning and control is probably what you're looking for. In therapy you (and your partner and/or family members) will learn how to use many methods (including self-hypnosis) to speed up the process of gaining new insights and to reinforce your resolve to enact change in your life, as you choose. You remain entirely in control of your experiences.
Ready for things to change? Tired of feeling stuck in cycles in your relationship, your moods, your behaviours? Have there been events in your past you'd rather not have replay in your head over and over again? A sense of security, meaning and control is probably what you're looking for. In therapy you (and your partner and/or family members) will learn how to use many methods (including self-hypnosis) to speed up the process of gaining new insights and to reinforce your resolve to enact change in your life, as you choose. You remain entirely in control of your experiences.
(864) 319-0916 View (864) 319-0916
Photo of Eleanor (El) Lee, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Spartanburg, SC
Eleanor (El) Lee
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, LMFT-A
Verified
2 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29307
So, here's the thing. I know if you're looking for a therapist, you've probably read a million of these profiles, which is exhausting and stressful, so I'll try to be concise. I consider myself a kind of offbeat therapist. I relish in embracing the weird and alternative, I swear in session (if you're cool with it), and I have a habit of using esoteric metaphors.
So, here's the thing. I know if you're looking for a therapist, you've probably read a million of these profiles, which is exhausting and stressful, so I'll try to be concise. I consider myself a kind of offbeat therapist. I relish in embracing the weird and alternative, I swear in session (if you're cool with it), and I have a habit of using esoteric metaphors.
(864) 661-5744 View (864) 661-5744
Photo of In Step Counseling Services, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
In Step Counseling Services
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISWCP
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29306
I understand that making lasting changes can be difficult for adolescents and young adults. With 20 years experience I have learned that everyone's therapy needs are unique. My goal is to provide a safe and comfortable environment where we can work together in order to help you get back In-Step with the world around you. I enjoy and specialize in working with adolescents and young adults struggling with trauma, depression, anxiety, LGBTQ+ issues and other issues associated with this challenging transitional time in life.
I understand that making lasting changes can be difficult for adolescents and young adults. With 20 years experience I have learned that everyone's therapy needs are unique. My goal is to provide a safe and comfortable environment where we can work together in order to help you get back In-Step with the world around you. I enjoy and specialize in working with adolescents and young adults struggling with trauma, depression, anxiety, LGBTQ+ issues and other issues associated with this challenging transitional time in life.
(864) 641-6284 View (864) 641-6284
Photo of Jacklyn Murphy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Jacklyn Murphy
Marriage & Family Therapist, MMFT, LMFT
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29302
Life is a journey that can be full of uncertainty. At times we need the assistance of a trusted guide that can help keep us on track, be a sounding board to offer support, and help coach us through the most difficult moments. My calling as a therapist is to provide assistance throughout this journey while helping you move beyond your past, develop new skills, and hone in on your strengths. My motto for therapy is: "I am not what happened to me, I am what I choose to become." -Carl Jung
Life is a journey that can be full of uncertainty. At times we need the assistance of a trusted guide that can help keep us on track, be a sounding board to offer support, and help coach us through the most difficult moments. My calling as a therapist is to provide assistance throughout this journey while helping you move beyond your past, develop new skills, and hone in on your strengths. My motto for therapy is: "I am not what happened to me, I am what I choose to become." -Carl Jung
(864) 633-2345 View (864) 633-2345
Photo of Ascend Therapy Group, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Ascend Therapy Group
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MMFT, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29302
Our lives may bring stress that can be difficult to manage alone. Do you have difficulty setting healthy boundaries and/or finding balance in your life? Is there a history of trauma or family of origin concerns that make it even more challenging to manage from day to day? I am committed to helping you develop self-awareness and learning healthy ways of coping. My passion is providing couples, individuals and family counseling for those who are challenged with relationship concerns and unhealthy communication patterns, and are genuinely wanting change.
Our lives may bring stress that can be difficult to manage alone. Do you have difficulty setting healthy boundaries and/or finding balance in your life? Is there a history of trauma or family of origin concerns that make it even more challenging to manage from day to day? I am committed to helping you develop self-awareness and learning healthy ways of coping. My passion is providing couples, individuals and family counseling for those who are challenged with relationship concerns and unhealthy communication patterns, and are genuinely wanting change.
(864) 362-9352 View (864) 362-9352
Photo of E A Pratt, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
E A Pratt
Marriage & Family Therapist, MDiv, EdS, LMFT, LMFTS, VSP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29302
After 20 years in practice, I have seen the number of individuals, couples, and families seeking Transgender-supportive therapy grow so immensely that I determined to make this area of need my priority. With clients dealing with Trans* issues, I address concerns such as internalized and cultural Transphobia, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and relational challenges. I provide narrative-based gender therapy for clients struggling with gender dysphoria. Clients seeking referrals for cross-sex hormone treatment and gender-confirming surgery are connected to medical colleagues of mine. I also assist with supportive networking and with navigation through the legal process of transition.
After 20 years in practice, I have seen the number of individuals, couples, and families seeking Transgender-supportive therapy grow so immensely that I determined to make this area of need my priority. With clients dealing with Trans* issues, I address concerns such as internalized and cultural Transphobia, anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and relational challenges. I provide narrative-based gender therapy for clients struggling with gender dysphoria. Clients seeking referrals for cross-sex hormone treatment and gender-confirming surgery are connected to medical colleagues of mine. I also assist with supportive networking and with navigation through the legal process of transition.
(864) 649-6272 View (864) 649-6272
Photo of Skylyn Counseling, LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Skylyn Counseling, LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, EdS, LMFT
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29302
I understand that many times the human family is in crisis, and that all individuals are capable of and deserve compassion. It is my mission to reach out to families in order to help create and maintain greater love and health in relationships. It is my goal to make my services accessible to the broadest reach of people across race, religion, class, culture, sexual orientation, and ethnicity.
I understand that many times the human family is in crisis, and that all individuals are capable of and deserve compassion. It is my mission to reach out to families in order to help create and maintain greater love and health in relationships. It is my goal to make my services accessible to the broadest reach of people across race, religion, class, culture, sexual orientation, and ethnicity.
(864) 803-0611 View (864) 803-0611
Photo of Genevieve Strickland, Marriage & Family Therapist in Spartanburg, SC
Genevieve Strickland
Marriage & Family Therapist, Ed, S, LMFT
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29302
Taking steps for better self-care can be a struggle to begin let alone balance with the demands of our busy world. It takes courage to make an appointment for therapy and I want people to find a warm and accepting atmosphere in their very first visit with me. Don't let your self esteem, your relationship, or your happiness wait any longer. I work with children, adults, and couples.
Taking steps for better self-care can be a struggle to begin let alone balance with the demands of our busy world. It takes courage to make an appointment for therapy and I want people to find a warm and accepting atmosphere in their very first visit with me. Don't let your self esteem, your relationship, or your happiness wait any longer. I work with children, adults, and couples.
(864) 551-4511 View (864) 551-4511
Photo of Rhonda M Gambrell, Licensed Professional Counselor Associate in Spartanburg, SC
Rhonda M Gambrell
Licensed Professional Counselor Associate, MEd, LPC-A
Verified
1 Endorsed
Spartanburg, SC 29302  (Online Only)
Taking that first step towards healing and self-improvement can be difficult but you don’t have to take that step alone. As a licensed counselor with over 30 years of experience in mental health, I have the knowledge, experience and insight to walk alongside you. My approach is based on a collaborative relationship as we work together toward healing and meaningful change. I meet clients where they are in life and support them with compassion and empathy. My goal is to provide a safe space, where we can explore root causes of problems and develop a plan for self-awareness that will promote personal growth and positive change.
Taking that first step towards healing and self-improvement can be difficult but you don’t have to take that step alone. As a licensed counselor with over 30 years of experience in mental health, I have the knowledge, experience and insight to walk alongside you. My approach is based on a collaborative relationship as we work together toward healing and meaningful change. I meet clients where they are in life and support them with compassion and empathy. My goal is to provide a safe space, where we can explore root causes of problems and develop a plan for self-awareness that will promote personal growth and positive change.
(864) 754-6590 View (864) 754-6590
Photo of Cindy Cartee, Licensed Professional Counselor in Spartanburg, SC
Cindy Cartee
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LAC, NBCC, CIRT, CBSPT
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29307  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
You may wonder how can Cindy Cartee help me? Help us? (VIDEOS AVAILABLE) www.ccarteecounseling.com. I will help you prepare (pre-marital), repair (affair recovery or reconnection due to other issues), enrich/enhance (re-romanticize) your relationships. I will help you understand why you fell in love with your partner, how to work through frustrations in your relationship, and how to reconnect and love more deeply. I work with individuals and couples dealing with a range of issues. I especially enjoy working with relationship issues. I love helping people feel more loved, whether that it is loving yourself or your partner.
You may wonder how can Cindy Cartee help me? Help us? (VIDEOS AVAILABLE) www.ccarteecounseling.com. I will help you prepare (pre-marital), repair (affair recovery or reconnection due to other issues), enrich/enhance (re-romanticize) your relationships. I will help you understand why you fell in love with your partner, how to work through frustrations in your relationship, and how to reconnect and love more deeply. I work with individuals and couples dealing with a range of issues. I especially enjoy working with relationship issues. I love helping people feel more loved, whether that it is loving yourself or your partner.
(864) 613-5126 View (864) 613-5126
Photo of Marie Lepage, Psychologist in Spartanburg, SC
Marie Lepage
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29302
Starting in mid-August I will be adding patients to my Wednesday Schedule. My professional experience has focused mostly on treating individuals suffering from eating disorders as well as individuals struggling with issues associated with obesity. However, I also have considerable experience working with people struggling with anxiety and depression. I enjoy helping people to gain a better understanding of their behaviors and how behaviors impact their emotional and physical health. I treat patients mostly with a cognitive behavioral approach.
Starting in mid-August I will be adding patients to my Wednesday Schedule. My professional experience has focused mostly on treating individuals suffering from eating disorders as well as individuals struggling with issues associated with obesity. However, I also have considerable experience working with people struggling with anxiety and depression. I enjoy helping people to gain a better understanding of their behaviors and how behaviors impact their emotional and physical health. I treat patients mostly with a cognitive behavioral approach.
(864) 938-7947 View (864) 938-7947
Photo of GoodLife Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in Spartanburg, SC
GoodLife Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC/S, LAC
Verified
Spartanburg, SC 29306
At GoodLife Counseling, we believe the joy is in the journey. Life is not about reaching a destination, it's about the in-between. We want to meet you right where you are - fully accepted and welcomed. But we care too much to let you stay in this spot. This is your time to explore, grow, become. Let's do it together! You are invited to explore our therapists and book directly by going to portal.owlpractice.com/goodlife or you can call or email us for more information about our therapists and services.
At GoodLife Counseling, we believe the joy is in the journey. Life is not about reaching a destination, it's about the in-between. We want to meet you right where you are - fully accepted and welcomed. But we care too much to let you stay in this spot. This is your time to explore, grow, become. Let's do it together! You are invited to explore our therapists and book directly by going to portal.owlpractice.com/goodlife or you can call or email us for more information about our therapists and services.
(864) 671-4835 View (864) 671-4835

See more therapy options for Spartanburg

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Spartanburg, SC

100+

Average cost per session

$120

Therapists in Spartanburg, SC who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
86% Depression
80% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues
69% Coping Skills
68% Trauma and PTSD
68% Stress

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

77% BlueCross and BlueShield
58% Aetna
52% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Spartanburg, SC see their clients

84% In Person and Online
16% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
19% Male
2% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Spartanburg?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.