Therapists in Trafford, PA

Photo of Dawn L Elder, MA, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dawn L Elder
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Trafford, PA 15085
Not accepting new clients
I am a Nationally Certified Licensed Professional Counselor specializing in the treatment of adults/teens seeking mental health therapy. I have worked with a myriad of different mental health conditions including, but not limited to, Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, OCD, Eating Disorders, Addictions, etc.Voted Top Psychotherapist in the area by The Worldwide Leaders in Healthcare, I go above and beyond for each of my patients. I give 150% to teach patients healthy productive coping skills to cope with difficult current life circumstances, long standing deep rooted personal issues and traumatic events. I help patients transform negative personal experiences into their own personal strength and growth!
I am a Nationally Certified Licensed Professional Counselor specializing in the treatment of adults/teens seeking mental health therapy. I have worked with a myriad of different mental health conditions including, but not limited to, Depression, Anxiety, PTSD, OCD, Eating Disorders, Addictions, etc.Voted Top Psychotherapist in the area by The Worldwide Leaders in Healthcare, I go above and beyond for each of my patients. I give 150% to teach patients healthy productive coping skills to cope with difficult current life circumstances, long standing deep rooted personal issues and traumatic events. I help patients transform negative personal experiences into their own personal strength and growth!
(724) 580-1727 View (724) 580-1727
Photo of Richard Hoffman - Christian Counseling Associates of Western PA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Christian Counseling Associates of Western PA
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
Trafford, PA 15085
Christian Counseling Associates (CCA) provides individual, marriage, and family counseling. We serve Christians who want their faith integrated into the counseling process and those holding any beliefs or attitudes toward spirituality. Our counselors will help you identify the core issues that have caused your emotional and personal problems, and immediately develop strategies to resolve these issues. CCA is able to provide a full range of clinical services. Please visit our website at www.ccawpa.com for a complete description of our faith based counseling services, locations, and counseling staff.
Christian Counseling Associates (CCA) provides individual, marriage, and family counseling. We serve Christians who want their faith integrated into the counseling process and those holding any beliefs or attitudes toward spirituality. Our counselors will help you identify the core issues that have caused your emotional and personal problems, and immediately develop strategies to resolve these issues. CCA is able to provide a full range of clinical services. Please visit our website at www.ccawpa.com for a complete description of our faith based counseling services, locations, and counseling staff.
(724) 888-5058 View (724) 888-5058
Photo of Jackie Straub - Jackie Straub-Owner Irwin Counseling, MS, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jackie Straub-Owner Irwin Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
7 Endorsed
Trafford, PA 15085
Not accepting new clients
Individuals who seek my help are looking for peace and contentment. As a Psychodynamic Psychotherapist, I listen to your story so that I can assist you gain insight into how your struggles with relationships, life transitions, feelings of inadequacy, or bothersome patterns of behavior are influenced by underlying emotional pain, trauma, grief, and unconscious conflicts. You may be suffering from anxiety, depression, or episodes of panic. We will work together to help you develop new pathways for coping. The insights and transformations made with Psychodynamic Therapy are long lasting and life changing.
Individuals who seek my help are looking for peace and contentment. As a Psychodynamic Psychotherapist, I listen to your story so that I can assist you gain insight into how your struggles with relationships, life transitions, feelings of inadequacy, or bothersome patterns of behavior are influenced by underlying emotional pain, trauma, grief, and unconscious conflicts. You may be suffering from anxiety, depression, or episodes of panic. We will work together to help you develop new pathways for coping. The insights and transformations made with Psychodynamic Therapy are long lasting and life changing.
(724) 863-0760 View (724) 863-0760
Photo of Kelly Roberts - Roberts Psychological Services, LLC, PsyD, Psychologist
Roberts Psychological Services, LLC
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trafford, PA 15085  (Online Only)
Living with emotional pain and stress can disrupt your relationships with others, interfere with productivity, and worsen your overall health. Through therapy, you can achieve insight into your problems, reach your goals, and obtain greater life satisfaction. We are especially interested in helping others navigate relational difficulties, life transitions, depression, anxiety, sexuality, and concerns with work or college. Our approach incorporates building positive coping strategies, strengthening relationships, increasing support, and providing accountability. We will encourage you to be an active participant in your treatment.
Living with emotional pain and stress can disrupt your relationships with others, interfere with productivity, and worsen your overall health. Through therapy, you can achieve insight into your problems, reach your goals, and obtain greater life satisfaction. We are especially interested in helping others navigate relational difficulties, life transitions, depression, anxiety, sexuality, and concerns with work or college. Our approach incorporates building positive coping strategies, strengthening relationships, increasing support, and providing accountability. We will encourage you to be an active participant in your treatment.
(412) 455-7225 View (412) 455-7225
Photo of Claire Campero - Norwin Counseling & Wellness LLC, LPC, LCSW, Licensed Professional Counselor
Norwin Counseling & Wellness LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LCSW
Verified Verified
Trafford, PA 15085
Now accepting new clients with most major insurance plans. We have day and evening availability as well as in person or telehealth. We treat a number of mental health concerns, and provide a neutral ground to individuals, families, and couples. We will create a tailored treatment plan to best meet your needs and goals. Our goal is to help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain, and move forward to where you want to be in your life.
Now accepting new clients with most major insurance plans. We have day and evening availability as well as in person or telehealth. We treat a number of mental health concerns, and provide a neutral ground to individuals, families, and couples. We will create a tailored treatment plan to best meet your needs and goals. Our goal is to help you grow from your struggles, heal from your pain, and move forward to where you want to be in your life.
(724) 420-7143 View (724) 420-7143
Photo of Kimberly Broaddus, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kimberly Broaddus
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Trafford, PA 15085
We all experience difficulties, and at times it can be tough to sort through our thoughts and feelings alone. I believe that we all have patterns of reactions that arise in our thoughts and behaviors. Some of these patterns may be healthy and some unhealthy. I like to think of the therapeutic environment as a safe place to sort through what makes us, “us”. Within this environment we hope to become more aware of our patterns and decision making. With increased awareness we can make the decisions on what continues to work for us and what no longer serves us well.
We all experience difficulties, and at times it can be tough to sort through our thoughts and feelings alone. I believe that we all have patterns of reactions that arise in our thoughts and behaviors. Some of these patterns may be healthy and some unhealthy. I like to think of the therapeutic environment as a safe place to sort through what makes us, “us”. Within this environment we hope to become more aware of our patterns and decision making. With increased awareness we can make the decisions on what continues to work for us and what no longer serves us well.
(878) 203-0867 View (878) 203-0867
Photo of Ryan B O'Donnell, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ryan B O'Donnell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Trafford, PA 15085
My ideal client is deeply committed to their healing journey, eager to explore their emotions and experiences in a safe, supportive space. I prioritize creating an environment where clients feel empowered to share their stories, confront fears, and develop skills to manage trauma-related symptoms. I am particularly drawn to those actively seeking help, showing courage to confront their past and move towards healing.
My ideal client is deeply committed to their healing journey, eager to explore their emotions and experiences in a safe, supportive space. I prioritize creating an environment where clients feel empowered to share their stories, confront fears, and develop skills to manage trauma-related symptoms. I am particularly drawn to those actively seeking help, showing courage to confront their past and move towards healing.
(412) 207-3650 View (412) 207-3650
Photo of Maureen Bourke, Licensed Professional Counselor
Maureen Bourke
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Trafford, PA 15085
When the burdens of life leave us feeling like it is a struggle to breathe as we are slowly sinking in quicksand, it can feel impossible to recognize any other way to live, think, and/or function. As a therapist, I believe that listening is paramount to learning and better understanding an individual so that trust and genuine care remain cornerstones of the therapeutic process. Whether it is intrusive thoughts, external stressors, or anything that causes you to feel unsettled, I want us to collaborate so that you will be empowered to discover your own innate strengths.
When the burdens of life leave us feeling like it is a struggle to breathe as we are slowly sinking in quicksand, it can feel impossible to recognize any other way to live, think, and/or function. As a therapist, I believe that listening is paramount to learning and better understanding an individual so that trust and genuine care remain cornerstones of the therapeutic process. Whether it is intrusive thoughts, external stressors, or anything that causes you to feel unsettled, I want us to collaborate so that you will be empowered to discover your own innate strengths.
(724) 892-4966 View (724) 892-4966

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Andrea Unglaub, MS Ed, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Andrea Unglaub
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS Ed, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
North Versailles, PA 15137
Currently accepting new clients for openings Monday, Wednesday and Friday between 10am and 2:30pm. NO evening appointments open. Utilizing techniques from cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness training, strength based and person centered approaches, my approach to therapy is tailored to each of my client's needs. My goal is to make sure you feel safe and comfortable to share in the therapeutic process.
Currently accepting new clients for openings Monday, Wednesday and Friday between 10am and 2:30pm. NO evening appointments open. Utilizing techniques from cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness training, strength based and person centered approaches, my approach to therapy is tailored to each of my client's needs. My goal is to make sure you feel safe and comfortable to share in the therapeutic process.
(724) 552-8892 View (724) 552-8892
Photo of Diana Charlton, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Diana Charlton
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Monroeville, PA 15146
Do you find yourself struggling with feelings of sadness, nervousness, worry or anger? Are you having trouble in your relationships, feeling powerless or frustrated. I can help. Are you someone in early recovery who has stopped using substances, but feels their life isn't improving? I can help.
Do you find yourself struggling with feelings of sadness, nervousness, worry or anger? Are you having trouble in your relationships, feeling powerless or frustrated. I can help. Are you someone in early recovery who has stopped using substances, but feels their life isn't improving? I can help.
(724) 726-4080 View (724) 726-4080
Photo of Hayley Peterson, MA, LPC, BC-TMH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Hayley Peterson
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Monroeville, PA 15140
I believe that for counseling to be effective, you and I must collaborate on creating and achieving your counseling goals and assessing your progress. It is hoped that through counseling you will be able to gain insight into your issues, develop coping skills and resources, and a more positive outlook on life and its daily activities. Every individual is different. Therefore, the approach that I take with your concerns is based on the information you provide along with my assessment during our first session.
I believe that for counseling to be effective, you and I must collaborate on creating and achieving your counseling goals and assessing your progress. It is hoped that through counseling you will be able to gain insight into your issues, develop coping skills and resources, and a more positive outlook on life and its daily activities. Every individual is different. Therefore, the approach that I take with your concerns is based on the information you provide along with my assessment during our first session.
(724) 200-8590 View (724) 200-8590
Photo of Margaret Christopher, PhD, LCSW, ACSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Margaret Christopher
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Monroeville, PA 15146
As a licensed clinical social worker with more than 40 years experience of working with families and individuals of all ages, I find that the most effective approach is one that is strengths-based with a strong emphasis on helping clients solve the problems that bring them to me for therapy and also on helping them develop powerful resiliency characteristics that allow for future problem-solving, conflict resolution, goal-attainment, wellness, and life satisfaction. My ideal client is one who likes to learn. Trauma survivors, in particular, do well with this approach.
As a licensed clinical social worker with more than 40 years experience of working with families and individuals of all ages, I find that the most effective approach is one that is strengths-based with a strong emphasis on helping clients solve the problems that bring them to me for therapy and also on helping them develop powerful resiliency characteristics that allow for future problem-solving, conflict resolution, goal-attainment, wellness, and life satisfaction. My ideal client is one who likes to learn. Trauma survivors, in particular, do well with this approach.
(724) 227-0660 View (724) 227-0660
Photo of Noel S Maurizi, PsyD, Pre-Licensed Professional
Noel S Maurizi
Pre-Licensed Professional, PsyD
Verified Verified
Monroeville, PA 15140
I operate from a psychodynamic-interpersonal perspective and utilize relational-cultural and feminist frameworks to explore how our identities and experiences have been influenced by the environments and systems we exist in. My areas of interest include working with concerns related to identity development, late adolescence and emergent/early adulthood, interpersonal and relational concerns, women’s concerns, and family of origin trauma.
I operate from a psychodynamic-interpersonal perspective and utilize relational-cultural and feminist frameworks to explore how our identities and experiences have been influenced by the environments and systems we exist in. My areas of interest include working with concerns related to identity development, late adolescence and emergent/early adulthood, interpersonal and relational concerns, women’s concerns, and family of origin trauma.
(412) 293-0402 View (412) 293-0402
Photo of Janelle Mathe, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Janelle Mathe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Monroeville, PA 15146
We all face challenges in life and sometimes we just need a little extra support. My goal as a counselor is to provide that support and collaborate with you to develop the necessary skills to manage those challenges. I primarily work with children, adolescents, and young adults struggling with social, emotional, and behavioral issues. I aim to create a safe, comfortable, and accepting atmosphere for all of my clients.
We all face challenges in life and sometimes we just need a little extra support. My goal as a counselor is to provide that support and collaborate with you to develop the necessary skills to manage those challenges. I primarily work with children, adolescents, and young adults struggling with social, emotional, and behavioral issues. I aim to create a safe, comfortable, and accepting atmosphere for all of my clients.
(724) 912-7291 View (724) 912-7291
Photo of Melanie Murdock, MS, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Melanie Murdock
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Monroeville, PA 15146
I offer services to those looking to explore personal growth, change and support. I understand that certain stressors can become attached to our daily life responsibilities or interests and I want to help you find ways to overcome the obstacles you feel are present in your life. It takes great courage to be open to the process of therapy and I am willing to listen to your needs and create a plan with you. My therapeutic approach is one that allows you to organize your thoughts and develop insightful ways to cope with life adjustments.
I offer services to those looking to explore personal growth, change and support. I understand that certain stressors can become attached to our daily life responsibilities or interests and I want to help you find ways to overcome the obstacles you feel are present in your life. It takes great courage to be open to the process of therapy and I am willing to listen to your needs and create a plan with you. My therapeutic approach is one that allows you to organize your thoughts and develop insightful ways to cope with life adjustments.
(878) 203-1752 View (878) 203-1752
Photo of Vania Brister, MSW, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Vania Brister
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Monroeville, PA 15146
I have recently begun to tell myself that this field found me, and without it I don't know where I'd be. Since I was a child, I've always been quiet and would get teased for it. I was ashamed but knew that I couldn't be anyone but myself. Growing up, I learned two things: that great listening requires one to be quiet, and knowing to do both was a superpower. I realized that I could help family, coworkers, friends, and even strangers because I knew what they needed most- someone to listen to them. This may be what you're looking for- for someone to listen and validate you, without judgment; A place to feel heard and accepted.
I have recently begun to tell myself that this field found me, and without it I don't know where I'd be. Since I was a child, I've always been quiet and would get teased for it. I was ashamed but knew that I couldn't be anyone but myself. Growing up, I learned two things: that great listening requires one to be quiet, and knowing to do both was a superpower. I realized that I could help family, coworkers, friends, and even strangers because I knew what they needed most- someone to listen to them. This may be what you're looking for- for someone to listen and validate you, without judgment; A place to feel heard and accepted.
(724) 278-8257 View (724) 278-8257
Photo of Hillary Smith, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Hillary Smith
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Monroeville, PA 15146
Have you experienced a life shattering event that changed the way you looked at yourself? Trauma impacts us in many ways & makes us feel disconnected from who we truly are and what we really want out of our lives. The World Health Organization recommends EMDR therapy as an effective treatment for trauma. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy that uses bilateral stimulation to process traumatic events in a more adaptive manner & can alleviate symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety, etc.
Have you experienced a life shattering event that changed the way you looked at yourself? Trauma impacts us in many ways & makes us feel disconnected from who we truly are and what we really want out of our lives. The World Health Organization recommends EMDR therapy as an effective treatment for trauma. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a psychotherapy that uses bilateral stimulation to process traumatic events in a more adaptive manner & can alleviate symptoms of post-traumatic stress, anxiety, etc.
(724) 382-8266 View (724) 382-8266
Photo of William Tyler Johnson, MA, NCC, Pre-Licensed Professional
William Tyler Johnson
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Monroeville, PA 15140
Hello! I enjoy working with those who struggle with attention / focus (ADHD), anxieties and panic, identity and experiences related to Sports, grief and loss, disordered mood patterns, depression, and major life transitions/stress. My ideal client demographic is Adults and Teenagers. With my clients, I enjoy working collaboratively to support them in the changes they are pursuing — by helping them identify the triggers to their struggles, help build change towards handling their struggles, and to identify a reframe for their thinking patterns around those triggers.
Hello! I enjoy working with those who struggle with attention / focus (ADHD), anxieties and panic, identity and experiences related to Sports, grief and loss, disordered mood patterns, depression, and major life transitions/stress. My ideal client demographic is Adults and Teenagers. With my clients, I enjoy working collaboratively to support them in the changes they are pursuing — by helping them identify the triggers to their struggles, help build change towards handling their struggles, and to identify a reframe for their thinking patterns around those triggers.
(724) 558-8570 View (724) 558-8570
Photo of Jennifer Ann Barker, MA, LPC, ATR-BC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jennifer Ann Barker
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
Monroeville, PA 15146
Although we cannot change our past, we can acknowledge its impact and change how we view it and ourselves. While working with clients, I encourage expression to gain self-awareness and to reshape narratives. Expression is essential in everyday life, especially when working through difficult times, such as grief and trauma. I practice therapy with a person-centered, trauma-informed, strength based approach to meet clients where they are and to help them make changes to start the healing process. As an Art Therapist, I have the ability to bring artmaking into the therapy session and to help facilitate the healing process.
Although we cannot change our past, we can acknowledge its impact and change how we view it and ourselves. While working with clients, I encourage expression to gain self-awareness and to reshape narratives. Expression is essential in everyday life, especially when working through difficult times, such as grief and trauma. I practice therapy with a person-centered, trauma-informed, strength based approach to meet clients where they are and to help them make changes to start the healing process. As an Art Therapist, I have the ability to bring artmaking into the therapy session and to help facilitate the healing process.
(878) 216-0445 View (878) 216-0445
Photo of Christian Counseling Associates - Christian Counseling Associates of Western PA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Christian Counseling Associates of Western PA
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
Monroeville, PA 15146
Christian Counseling Associates (CCA) provides individual, marriage, and family counseling. We serve Christians who want their faith integrated into the counseling process and those holding any beliefs or attitudes toward spirituality. Our counselors will help you identify the core issues that have caused your emotional and personal problems, and immediately develop strategies to resolve these issues. CCA is able to provide a full range of clinical services. Please visit our website at www.ccawpa.com for a complete description of our faith based counseling services, locations, and counseling staff.
Christian Counseling Associates (CCA) provides individual, marriage, and family counseling. We serve Christians who want their faith integrated into the counseling process and those holding any beliefs or attitudes toward spirituality. Our counselors will help you identify the core issues that have caused your emotional and personal problems, and immediately develop strategies to resolve these issues. CCA is able to provide a full range of clinical services. Please visit our website at www.ccawpa.com for a complete description of our faith based counseling services, locations, and counseling staff.
(724) 384-6054 View (724) 384-6054

See more therapy options for Trafford

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Trafford, PA

< 10

Therapists in Trafford, PA who prioritize treating:

88% Relationship Issues
88% Depression
88% Anxiety
88% Family Conflict
75% Peer Relationships
75% Coping Skills
75% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
88% Aetna
88% Highmark

How Therapists in Trafford, PA see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

86% Female
14% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Trafford?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.