Therapists in South of South, Philadelphia, PA

Photo of Jennifer Blaine in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Jennifer Blaine
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
I have been a transformational coach since 1997. I give you the tools to truly be comfortable with yourself, spark your aliveness and creativity and lead a dazzling life. If you're looking for an intuitive approach, and someone that zones in on the key pieces you need, I'd love for us to talk. I illuminate what is most needed, create bursts of aliveness, and guide you to confidently create what you most want in your life.
I have been a transformational coach since 1997. I give you the tools to truly be comfortable with yourself, spark your aliveness and creativity and lead a dazzling life. If you're looking for an intuitive approach, and someone that zones in on the key pieces you need, I'd love for us to talk. I illuminate what is most needed, create bursts of aliveness, and guide you to confidently create what you most want in your life.
(215) 688-5725 View (215) 688-5725
Photo of Julie S. Krug, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Julie S. Krug
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
The desire to be known, and to know oneself, is so very human. Working together, we can make sense of your internal experience as it relates to - and makes contact with - the external world. The therapeutic relationship is unique and collaborative. The deeper answers we seek are in the unconscious, hard to access in everyday, waking life. A safe and reliable space provides the conditions to understand your deepest motivations in starting the work known as therapy. Humor, when appropriate, can expand our perspective.
The desire to be known, and to know oneself, is so very human. Working together, we can make sense of your internal experience as it relates to - and makes contact with - the external world. The therapeutic relationship is unique and collaborative. The deeper answers we seek are in the unconscious, hard to access in everyday, waking life. A safe and reliable space provides the conditions to understand your deepest motivations in starting the work known as therapy. Humor, when appropriate, can expand our perspective.
(215) 703-8980 View (215) 703-8980
Photo of Amy E Gedrich, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Amy E Gedrich
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
Welcome! I am a practicing clinician with 34 + years of experience subscribing to a psychodynamic, solution-focused short-term therapy approach with my clients. I subscribe to working with cognitive behavioral techniques ( CBT ) , mindfulness and motivational interviewing skills to help my patients become the most and happiest that they can be. My specializations are : Depression, Anxiety, Bi-Polar Disorder, work stress, women's issues, cancer survivorship issues. Veteran's re-adjustment issues, LGBT issues. I am happy to see individuals, couples and families at my Graduate Hospital office location, just off Rittenhouse Square.
Welcome! I am a practicing clinician with 34 + years of experience subscribing to a psychodynamic, solution-focused short-term therapy approach with my clients. I subscribe to working with cognitive behavioral techniques ( CBT ) , mindfulness and motivational interviewing skills to help my patients become the most and happiest that they can be. My specializations are : Depression, Anxiety, Bi-Polar Disorder, work stress, women's issues, cancer survivorship issues. Veteran's re-adjustment issues, LGBT issues. I am happy to see individuals, couples and families at my Graduate Hospital office location, just off Rittenhouse Square.
(267) 433-4253 View (267) 433-4253
Photo of Lauri A Haines, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Lauri A Haines
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
At times our life-circumstances can create such overwhelm, isolation, confusion and pain that we struggle to make sense of or to overcome them on our own. Having the support and understanding of a warm, collaborative therapist can help you face and work through difficult issues as you move into resilience, balance and a strengthened identity. As a psychotherapist in practice for over ten years, I am guided by the belief that, at our core, we each want to be known, understood and respected by others. I strive to help clients build new insights and perspectives about their lives and to restore their connections to their true selves.
At times our life-circumstances can create such overwhelm, isolation, confusion and pain that we struggle to make sense of or to overcome them on our own. Having the support and understanding of a warm, collaborative therapist can help you face and work through difficult issues as you move into resilience, balance and a strengthened identity. As a psychotherapist in practice for over ten years, I am guided by the belief that, at our core, we each want to be known, understood and respected by others. I strive to help clients build new insights and perspectives about their lives and to restore their connections to their true selves.
(267) 651-0344 View (267) 651-0344
Photo of Ariana Zeno Individual And Couples Counseling, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Ariana Zeno Individual And Couples Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW, MCP
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
You may find yourself feeling stuck, struggling with unsatisfying relationships, or wanting to feel more connected to yourself and others. Together we will work on co-creating an environment most conducive to what you need to feel safe and heard to heal and grow. My approach is compassionate, humorous and committed to helping you to live your life more fully. I enjoy working with adults and couples. I specialize in working with people experiencing anxiety, depression, ADHD, and queer folks exploring questions of gender identity and sexuality. Expertise working with parents/families of transgender folks.
You may find yourself feeling stuck, struggling with unsatisfying relationships, or wanting to feel more connected to yourself and others. Together we will work on co-creating an environment most conducive to what you need to feel safe and heard to heal and grow. My approach is compassionate, humorous and committed to helping you to live your life more fully. I enjoy working with adults and couples. I specialize in working with people experiencing anxiety, depression, ADHD, and queer folks exploring questions of gender identity and sexuality. Expertise working with parents/families of transgender folks.
(215) 660-3937 View (215) 660-3937
Photo of Erin Fox, Licensed Professional Counselor in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Erin Fox
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA , LPC
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
Are you facing challenges like anxiety, depression, life transitions, or identity issues? Are you seeking a safe, nonjudgmental space, craving validation, understanding, and guidance? You may be open to self-exploration, aiming for personal growth, seeking insights, coping strategies, and resilience. My ideal client values seeking support and actively participates in therapy. Motivated to improve their lives and relationships, they seek empowerment and self-discovery in therapy.
Are you facing challenges like anxiety, depression, life transitions, or identity issues? Are you seeking a safe, nonjudgmental space, craving validation, understanding, and guidance? You may be open to self-exploration, aiming for personal growth, seeking insights, coping strategies, and resilience. My ideal client values seeking support and actively participates in therapy. Motivated to improve their lives and relationships, they seek empowerment and self-discovery in therapy.
(267) 729-9283 View (267) 729-9283
Photo of Gerlinde Harb, Psychologist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Gerlinde Harb
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
I believe therapy is most helpful in an atmosphere of acceptance and respect. In a safe and collaborative environment, we can work together toward your personal goals. I am passionate about helping my clients cope with life stressors, to get relief from painful emotional symptoms, and to feel understood. Beginning therapy is not easy. My approach to therapy begins with helping clients to define their goals and to empower them to move toward the most fulfilling life possible.
I believe therapy is most helpful in an atmosphere of acceptance and respect. In a safe and collaborative environment, we can work together toward your personal goals. I am passionate about helping my clients cope with life stressors, to get relief from painful emotional symptoms, and to feel understood. Beginning therapy is not easy. My approach to therapy begins with helping clients to define their goals and to empower them to move toward the most fulfilling life possible.
(215) 584-4076 View (215) 584-4076
Photo of Eric B Levin, Psychologist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Eric B Levin
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
I believe it is the relationship in therapy that is truly healing. Honesty, compassion and sometimes a sense of humor can be powerful medicine. I enjoy working with people who are truly ready to make some changes in their life, even if they're terrified to do so.
I believe it is the relationship in therapy that is truly healing. Honesty, compassion and sometimes a sense of humor can be powerful medicine. I enjoy working with people who are truly ready to make some changes in their life, even if they're terrified to do so.
(267) 656-7535 View (267) 656-7535
Photo of Jill Scott, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Jill Scott
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, CCTP-II
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
While I consider myself to be a versatile therapist, much of my work is focused on the needs of adolescents and young adults experiencing symptoms of depression and anxiety as well as individuals experiencing or considering life transitions. I have received post-graduate training in treating children, adults and families experiencing bereavement and individuals diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. My approach is best described as client-centered, but I utilize the theories and strategies of cognitive behavioral therapy, family systems therapy and narrative therapy in my work.
While I consider myself to be a versatile therapist, much of my work is focused on the needs of adolescents and young adults experiencing symptoms of depression and anxiety as well as individuals experiencing or considering life transitions. I have received post-graduate training in treating children, adults and families experiencing bereavement and individuals diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder. My approach is best described as client-centered, but I utilize the theories and strategies of cognitive behavioral therapy, family systems therapy and narrative therapy in my work.
(215) 486-0382 View (215) 486-0382
Photo of Mattea LeWitt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Mattea LeWitt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
Are you overwhelmed, anxious, and burned out? Would you like to manage your stress more effectively? Maybe you're struggling to keep up with work and family responsibilities, maybe your emotions feel out of control, or maybe you want to have better relationships. Many people have great ideas about how to solve their own problems, but then become frustrated when these strategies aren't working consistently.
Are you overwhelmed, anxious, and burned out? Would you like to manage your stress more effectively? Maybe you're struggling to keep up with work and family responsibilities, maybe your emotions feel out of control, or maybe you want to have better relationships. Many people have great ideas about how to solve their own problems, but then become frustrated when these strategies aren't working consistently.
(267) 574-9552 View (267) 574-9552
Photo of Christine Hall, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Christine Hall
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
Sometimes the stress of our relationships, jobs and other responsibilities deter us from being our best selves. Using therapy to examine the areas you are struggling in and finding insights into your behavior can help unburden you from the routines you are stuck in.
Sometimes the stress of our relationships, jobs and other responsibilities deter us from being our best selves. Using therapy to examine the areas you are struggling in and finding insights into your behavior can help unburden you from the routines you are stuck in.
(267) 651-7788 View (267) 651-7788
Photo of Dana Ginsburg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Dana Ginsburg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
I believe that acceptance and surrender are the first steps towards making a change in ones life. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who focuses on encouraging and empowering individuals on their road to recovery. I work with adults with addiction issues, as well as depression, anxiety, and mood disorders. I also treat couples dealing with troubles in their relationships. My approach is psycho-dynamic with emphasis on empowering my clients by using a short-term problem-solving approach.
I believe that acceptance and surrender are the first steps towards making a change in ones life. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker who focuses on encouraging and empowering individuals on their road to recovery. I work with adults with addiction issues, as well as depression, anxiety, and mood disorders. I also treat couples dealing with troubles in their relationships. My approach is psycho-dynamic with emphasis on empowering my clients by using a short-term problem-solving approach.
(856) 872-2890 View (856) 872-2890
Photo of Jennifer Walters, Licensed Professional Counselor in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Jennifer Walters
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
Are you feeling sad, anxious, or stressed? Do you find it difficult to motivate yourself? Do you find less joy in things you used to like? Are you and your loved ones having trouble getting along? These are problems I often see and am trained and experienced in helping. In addition to providing a kind ear, I can assist you in learning relaxation techniques, improving your communication skills, and reducing negative automatic reactions. I understand how difficult it can be to reach out to a stranger and will fully support you throughout the process.
Are you feeling sad, anxious, or stressed? Do you find it difficult to motivate yourself? Do you find less joy in things you used to like? Are you and your loved ones having trouble getting along? These are problems I often see and am trained and experienced in helping. In addition to providing a kind ear, I can assist you in learning relaxation techniques, improving your communication skills, and reducing negative automatic reactions. I understand how difficult it can be to reach out to a stranger and will fully support you throughout the process.
(215) 995-0101 View (215) 995-0101
Photo of Amelia Lamb Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Amelia Lamb Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
*** Update: this practice is expanding to provide tele-therapy for NY, PA, and NJ*** My work specializes in individuals and couples that are looking for additional support and an empathetic ear. Together, we will create a plan to better your relationships, work dynamics, and overall life satisfaction. Whether you are struggling with a difficult life transition or are looking for more support for an ongoing issue, my practice involves utilizing your strengths and exploring the environmental and interpersonal issues that are not aligning with your goals and values. For more information, please visit AmeliaLambTherapy.com
*** Update: this practice is expanding to provide tele-therapy for NY, PA, and NJ*** My work specializes in individuals and couples that are looking for additional support and an empathetic ear. Together, we will create a plan to better your relationships, work dynamics, and overall life satisfaction. Whether you are struggling with a difficult life transition or are looking for more support for an ongoing issue, my practice involves utilizing your strengths and exploring the environmental and interpersonal issues that are not aligning with your goals and values. For more information, please visit AmeliaLambTherapy.com
(267) 489-2173 View (267) 489-2173
Photo of Becca Goldstein, Licensed Professional Counselor in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Becca Goldstein
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
Sometimes life can be an overwhelming and stressful experience. As a dedicated Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC), it is my duty to support my clients through this journey. I am confident in my ability to create a collaborative environment to facilitate change as I strive to help my clients succeed. I value the therapeutic alliance and believe that rapport building is the foundation of successful treatment.
Sometimes life can be an overwhelming and stressful experience. As a dedicated Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC), it is my duty to support my clients through this journey. I am confident in my ability to create a collaborative environment to facilitate change as I strive to help my clients succeed. I value the therapeutic alliance and believe that rapport building is the foundation of successful treatment.
(484) 469-9655 View (484) 469-9655
Photo of Maria Munoz-Grandes, Registered Psychotherapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Maria Munoz-Grandes
Registered Psychotherapist, MPsych, MSc, MPhi, MEd, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
Clients who will benefit more from working with me are complex, sensitive persons and couples going through some kind of life transition, or some relational or existential crisis, who want to understand themselves better, integrate the many sides of their identity, "own" their experiences, and reflect about their life course and ways of being and relating. Also persons willing to heal from trauma, to build resiliency and unleash post-traumatic growth. I have lived in Europe, Africa and USA, and have developed an expertise in immigration, acculturation, and international and transnational identities and experiences.
Clients who will benefit more from working with me are complex, sensitive persons and couples going through some kind of life transition, or some relational or existential crisis, who want to understand themselves better, integrate the many sides of their identity, "own" their experiences, and reflect about their life course and ways of being and relating. Also persons willing to heal from trauma, to build resiliency and unleash post-traumatic growth. I have lived in Europe, Africa and USA, and have developed an expertise in immigration, acculturation, and international and transnational identities and experiences.
(267) 497-3047 View (267) 497-3047
Photo of Noel Shipp - Psychphilly, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Noel Shipp - Psychphilly
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
The practice of therapy can mean different things to different people. Whether you are navigating a life change, hoping to address acute symptoms, or looking for more support, therapy can help you better understanding yourself. Through examining relationships and reflecting on past experiences, therapy can foster deeper insight into how to pursue a more fulfilled future.
The practice of therapy can mean different things to different people. Whether you are navigating a life change, hoping to address acute symptoms, or looking for more support, therapy can help you better understanding yourself. Through examining relationships and reflecting on past experiences, therapy can foster deeper insight into how to pursue a more fulfilled future.
(215) 330-2320 View (215) 330-2320
Photo of Aviva Rosenberg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Aviva Rosenberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
It is my honor to collaborate with clients as they access their strengths and resilience to make and maintain meaningful change. I work to create a warm, non-judgment, and trauma-informed therapy space, so we can develop an individualized treatment plan tailored to your personal values and needs. We then partner together as we explore the many facets and layers of you, your family, and your environment in order to help you learn more about yourself, understand your struggles, and make concrete changes in your life. I believe in a person’s ongoing ability to grow and change and it is my pleasure to partner with you on that journey.
It is my honor to collaborate with clients as they access their strengths and resilience to make and maintain meaningful change. I work to create a warm, non-judgment, and trauma-informed therapy space, so we can develop an individualized treatment plan tailored to your personal values and needs. We then partner together as we explore the many facets and layers of you, your family, and your environment in order to help you learn more about yourself, understand your struggles, and make concrete changes in your life. I believe in a person’s ongoing ability to grow and change and it is my pleasure to partner with you on that journey.
(610) 510-4494 View (610) 510-4494
Photo of Katrina Rose Serrano, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Katrina Rose Serrano
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146  (Online Only)
Currently taking new clients! Do you ever feel like you take care of everyone around you and can't find the time or energy to care for yourself? Do you experience imposter syndrome or anxiety and sometimes don't even know where it is coming from? Is there a part of you that tends to be self-critical and you don't know how to manage it? When we experience distressing events in our lives, they can create negative beliefs about ourselves that can impact the way we navigate our world. Your pain is real, you are not alone, and you are capable of healing. Let's get you started on that path.
Currently taking new clients! Do you ever feel like you take care of everyone around you and can't find the time or energy to care for yourself? Do you experience imposter syndrome or anxiety and sometimes don't even know where it is coming from? Is there a part of you that tends to be self-critical and you don't know how to manage it? When we experience distressing events in our lives, they can create negative beliefs about ourselves that can impact the way we navigate our world. Your pain is real, you are not alone, and you are capable of healing. Let's get you started on that path.
(267) 376-9379 View (267) 376-9379
Photo of Dr. Cécile Gouffrant in South of South, Philadelphia, PA
Dr. Cécile Gouffrant
Verified Verified
South of South, Philadelphia, PA 19146
Do you feel anxious, lonely, like your life is upside down, like the world does not make sense, or cornered? Do you doubt your choices? Do you wish to find new ways and new answers? Your new path can start here and now! Psychoanalytic therapy means that you are not alone anymore in facing challenges, mending relationships, building strength, and creating the future you deserve. Whether you need help with your career, your romantic partner, your relationships, parenting, or aging parents, Please do not hesitate to call, text or email.
Do you feel anxious, lonely, like your life is upside down, like the world does not make sense, or cornered? Do you doubt your choices? Do you wish to find new ways and new answers? Your new path can start here and now! Psychoanalytic therapy means that you are not alone anymore in facing challenges, mending relationships, building strength, and creating the future you deserve. Whether you need help with your career, your romantic partner, your relationships, parenting, or aging parents, Please do not hesitate to call, text or email.
(267) 463-4730 View (267) 463-4730

See more therapy options for South of South, Philadelphia

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in South of South, Philadelphia, PA

200+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in South of South, Philadelphia, PA who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
89% Depression
79% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
71% Stress
70% Trauma and PTSD
68% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

88% Aetna
69% BlueCross and BlueShield
68% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in South of South, Philadelphia, PA see their clients

74% In Person and Online
26% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
15% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in South of South, Philadelphia?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.