Psychodynamic Therapists in Penn Hills, PA

Photo of Betsy A DeChant, LCSW, LISW-S, BCD, FAGPA, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Betsy A DeChant
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LISW-S, BCD, FAGPA
Verified Verified
Penn Hills, PA 15235
I have been in full-time practice as a clinical social worker/psychotherapist since 1969, and practiced in both hospital and agency psychiatric settings for over 15 years, in addition to maintaining a private practice. Throughout my career, I have provided numerous national and regional training seminars and workshops for MH professionals on women's issues; the chronically mentally ill; dual-diagnosed populations; and group psychotherapy modalities, and have also published in these areas. I have an eclectic style that encourages a flexible and collaborative working partnership which reflects the needs, goals, and personal context of the individual person.
I have been in full-time practice as a clinical social worker/psychotherapist since 1969, and practiced in both hospital and agency psychiatric settings for over 15 years, in addition to maintaining a private practice. Throughout my career, I have provided numerous national and regional training seminars and workshops for MH professionals on women's issues; the chronically mentally ill; dual-diagnosed populations; and group psychotherapy modalities, and have also published in these areas. I have an eclectic style that encourages a flexible and collaborative working partnership which reflects the needs, goals, and personal context of the individual person.
(724) 907-1668 View (724) 907-1668
Photo of Dante Mancini, PhD, Psychologist
Dante Mancini
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Penn Hills, PA 15235
I am a Pennsylvania and New York licensed clinical psychologist. I believe that every person is different, bringing with him or her a unique set of difficulties, backgrounds, and strengths to my office. Therefore, I like to take an eclectic approach, meaning that I tailor the treatment specifically to the individual patient's needs. There is no "one size fits all" therapy. Of course this is done collaboratively; anything that is done in therapy is at first discussed, and I never proceed unless the patient agrees with the treatment plan.
I am a Pennsylvania and New York licensed clinical psychologist. I believe that every person is different, bringing with him or her a unique set of difficulties, backgrounds, and strengths to my office. Therefore, I like to take an eclectic approach, meaning that I tailor the treatment specifically to the individual patient's needs. There is no "one size fits all" therapy. Of course this is done collaboratively; anything that is done in therapy is at first discussed, and I never proceed unless the patient agrees with the treatment plan.
(412) 265-1314 View (412) 265-1314
Photo of undefined - Sanant Counseling & Wellness, LLC, LCSW, LPC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sanant Counseling & Wellness, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Penn Hills, PA 15235
Sanant Counseling & Wellness, LLC is a Black owned, women-led private mental health practice. The owners have 36 years combined community mental health and support services experience. Sanant Counseling & Wellness LLC is a premier culturally humble, client-focused, evidenced-informed, and data-driven private practice that provides affordable counseling, holistic care and supportive services to remove barriers to accessing health and wellness care.
Sanant Counseling & Wellness, LLC is a Black owned, women-led private mental health practice. The owners have 36 years combined community mental health and support services experience. Sanant Counseling & Wellness LLC is a premier culturally humble, client-focused, evidenced-informed, and data-driven private practice that provides affordable counseling, holistic care and supportive services to remove barriers to accessing health and wellness care.
(412) 214-7120 View (412) 214-7120
Photo of Tiffany Leonard, PsyD, Psychologist
Tiffany Leonard
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Penn Hills, PA 15235  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Life is constantly changing. Transitions are often rewarding, yet change can create distress, upsetting your closest relationships, turn daily functioning into a struggle, or have you feeling physically ill. I specialize in working with adults & young adults managing life transitions & interpersonal conflicts (partner, coworker, peer). I would like to join with you on your journey to regaining a sense of control over your life. Other special interests include issues related to: young adulthood, college, career change or conflict, family of origin conflict/(how growing up impacted your choices today), & codependency.
Life is constantly changing. Transitions are often rewarding, yet change can create distress, upsetting your closest relationships, turn daily functioning into a struggle, or have you feeling physically ill. I specialize in working with adults & young adults managing life transitions & interpersonal conflicts (partner, coworker, peer). I would like to join with you on your journey to regaining a sense of control over your life. Other special interests include issues related to: young adulthood, college, career change or conflict, family of origin conflict/(how growing up impacted your choices today), & codependency.
(412) 407-4182 View (412) 407-4182
Photo of Linda A Martin, LCSW, RN, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Linda A Martin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RN
Verified Verified
Penn Hills, PA 15235
Not accepting new clients
At the core of my work as a licensed clinical social worker psychotherapist is awareness of human suffering in ourselves and in the world and dignity and respect of each individual. I understand that personal growth and individuation are continuous throughout life regardless of past circumstances, current struggles or future aspirations. Some problems are readily resolved by meeting once a week. When comprehensive change is desired I use an analytic method (free association, dream work, relational analysis) meeting 2 or more times a week which can free up energy, bring new perspectives, and change unproductive personality patterns.
At the core of my work as a licensed clinical social worker psychotherapist is awareness of human suffering in ourselves and in the world and dignity and respect of each individual. I understand that personal growth and individuation are continuous throughout life regardless of past circumstances, current struggles or future aspirations. Some problems are readily resolved by meeting once a week. When comprehensive change is desired I use an analytic method (free association, dream work, relational analysis) meeting 2 or more times a week which can free up energy, bring new perspectives, and change unproductive personality patterns.
(412) 219-3705 View (412) 219-3705

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Tara Pannell, MS, MDiv, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Tara Pannell
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, MDiv, LPC
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15235
I integrate several modalities including Psychodynamic Therapy, Body Oriented Psychotherapy, Mindfulness/Meditation, Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR), and Spiritual Counseling (no matter your religious/spiritual orientation).
I’m interested in working with clients who are in search of deep emotional, mental, and spiritual healing. You can expect our sessions together to consider your past, and to process the impact of those experiences on your present day life. Almost everyone is impacted by distressing or traumatic events that inevitably occur throughout a lifetime, so those experiences will be explored and processed, as well. Our work together will be a blended effort of focusing on what is important to you, and my curiosity and guidance throughout your process.
I integrate several modalities including Psychodynamic Therapy, Body Oriented Psychotherapy, Mindfulness/Meditation, Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR), and Spiritual Counseling (no matter your religious/spiritual orientation).
I’m interested in working with clients who are in search of deep emotional, mental, and spiritual healing. You can expect our sessions together to consider your past, and to process the impact of those experiences on your present day life. Almost everyone is impacted by distressing or traumatic events that inevitably occur throughout a lifetime, so those experiences will be explored and processed, as well. Our work together will be a blended effort of focusing on what is important to you, and my curiosity and guidance throughout your process.
(412) 927-4992 View (412) 927-4992
Photo of Linda J Nordquist, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Linda J Nordquist
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15235
The most courageous thing you can do is to begin the journey of understanding your own story. Our past experiences touch nearly every relationship in our lives. Often, despite our best efforts, old unhelpful patterns re-emerge. Our ways of coping with stress and uncertainty become painful and limiting with time. Psychotherapy can be a space to unlearn these harmful patterns and heal past hurtful experiences. I use an eclectic framework for therapy that depends on what my client feels is most helpful, though my roots are in attachment, psychodynamic and EMDR therapies.
The most courageous thing you can do is to begin the journey of understanding your own story. Our past experiences touch nearly every relationship in our lives. Often, despite our best efforts, old unhelpful patterns re-emerge. Our ways of coping with stress and uncertainty become painful and limiting with time. Psychotherapy can be a space to unlearn these harmful patterns and heal past hurtful experiences. I use an eclectic framework for therapy that depends on what my client feels is most helpful, though my roots are in attachment, psychodynamic and EMDR therapies.
(412) 275-4683 View (412) 275-4683
Photo of Wayne J. Woznikaitis, MA, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Wayne J. Woznikaitis
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15235  (Online Only)
Providing Telehealth in PA & Telehealth in Florida. There is a vast range of experiences, life-events, and challenges that can overwhelm our abilities to effectively cope. Counseling provides a path to address these issues, make positive changes and improve our overall quality of life. I have helped clients navigate a diverse range of issues, from managing daily stressor to more complex struggles, such as personality disorders, trauma, & serious mental illness. It is my aim to help clients through this process by providing a supportive and validating environment where positive transformation & healing and can occur.
Providing Telehealth in PA & Telehealth in Florida. There is a vast range of experiences, life-events, and challenges that can overwhelm our abilities to effectively cope. Counseling provides a path to address these issues, make positive changes and improve our overall quality of life. I have helped clients navigate a diverse range of issues, from managing daily stressor to more complex struggles, such as personality disorders, trauma, & serious mental illness. It is my aim to help clients through this process by providing a supportive and validating environment where positive transformation & healing and can occur.
(272) 225-6925 View (272) 225-6925
Photo of Kayla Mento, MA, ATR-BC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kayla Mento
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, ATR-BC, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15221  (Online Only)
One of the bravest things you can do is to take a deep dive into understanding your story. Your story may be filled with emotional turmoil, trauma, and overwhelming anxiety on how you’ll be able to pull through to the other side. Take a deep breath, relax, and let’s rewrite your story together. I invite you to talk about the taboo things (no topic is off limits), become comfortable in your own skin, and take the journey with me through self-exploration to finally arrive at your authentic self.
One of the bravest things you can do is to take a deep dive into understanding your story. Your story may be filled with emotional turmoil, trauma, and overwhelming anxiety on how you’ll be able to pull through to the other side. Take a deep breath, relax, and let’s rewrite your story together. I invite you to talk about the taboo things (no topic is off limits), become comfortable in your own skin, and take the journey with me through self-exploration to finally arrive at your authentic self.
(412) 910-2083 View (412) 910-2083
Photo of undefined - Lifebulb Counseling & Therapy, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lifebulb Counseling & Therapy
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15235
Working with us you'll get results. Because we believe you're best served by a clinician who's passionate about not only their work, but who they work with as well. That's why we started Lifebulb - We're committed to building an organization that truly allows therapists to get back to enjoying their work, so you, our client, can receive the highest quality therapy services, whether in person at one of our locations or online through telehealth. We hire only highly trained and educated, licensed clinicians dedicated to the therapy process. We're confident we can help you achieve your therapy goals.
Working with us you'll get results. Because we believe you're best served by a clinician who's passionate about not only their work, but who they work with as well. That's why we started Lifebulb - We're committed to building an organization that truly allows therapists to get back to enjoying their work, so you, our client, can receive the highest quality therapy services, whether in person at one of our locations or online through telehealth. We hire only highly trained and educated, licensed clinicians dedicated to the therapy process. We're confident we can help you achieve your therapy goals.
(412) 424-6740 View (412) 424-6740
Photo of Ryan J. King, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ryan J. King
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15238
Ryan King is a state licensed Social Worker with a Bachelor's degree in Psychology from Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and a Master's degree in Social Work from University of Pittsburgh, with a focus on Mental Health. Ryan works with individuals with severe and persistent mental illness including Schizophrenia, Mood Disorders (Depression, Bi-Polar), Anxiety, Personality Disorders, Substance Abuse and Crisis Intervention. In addition, Ryan works with anger, social skills, and stress management as well as crisis management. Ryan is trained in EMDR therapy used for addressing past trauma
Ryan King is a state licensed Social Worker with a Bachelor's degree in Psychology from Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and a Master's degree in Social Work from University of Pittsburgh, with a focus on Mental Health. Ryan works with individuals with severe and persistent mental illness including Schizophrenia, Mood Disorders (Depression, Bi-Polar), Anxiety, Personality Disorders, Substance Abuse and Crisis Intervention. In addition, Ryan works with anger, social skills, and stress management as well as crisis management. Ryan is trained in EMDR therapy used for addressing past trauma
(878) 645-3546 View (878) 645-3546
Photo of Debrah Anne Cohen, MHL, MFT, Pre-Licensed Professional
Debrah Anne Cohen
Pre-Licensed Professional, MHL, MFT
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15221  (Online Only)
Does this describe you? You're a people pleaser, wanting to make everyone happy but yourself. You feel the pain of break-ups and grief very intensely. You are fiercely independent and hate taking help from others. Being placed for adoption can reverberate through all aspects of your life. I help clients grieving the losses associated with adoption; transracial adoptees dealing with identity issues; and adoptees working through all of the complex emotions related to search and reunion. As an adoptee myself, I "get it". I also work with the other sides of the adoption triad: birthparents and adoptive parents.
Does this describe you? You're a people pleaser, wanting to make everyone happy but yourself. You feel the pain of break-ups and grief very intensely. You are fiercely independent and hate taking help from others. Being placed for adoption can reverberate through all aspects of your life. I help clients grieving the losses associated with adoption; transracial adoptees dealing with identity issues; and adoptees working through all of the complex emotions related to search and reunion. As an adoptee myself, I "get it". I also work with the other sides of the adoption triad: birthparents and adoptive parents.
(215) 544-2012 View (215) 544-2012
Photo of Marcus Flournoy, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Marcus Flournoy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15221
I was brought up in the helping tradition of the community where I was taught to give back to others. I have twenty years of experience in the mental health and drug and alcohol field. I have worked with individuals from all walks of life: socially, culturally, racially, economically, gender wise, and different sexual orientations and religions. I have conducted assessments, evaluations, individual therapy, family therapy and couple's therapy. I have treated individuals with a variety of conditions such as trauma, stress, depression including bipolar, anxiety, anger management problems, psychosis and addiction.
I was brought up in the helping tradition of the community where I was taught to give back to others. I have twenty years of experience in the mental health and drug and alcohol field. I have worked with individuals from all walks of life: socially, culturally, racially, economically, gender wise, and different sexual orientations and religions. I have conducted assessments, evaluations, individual therapy, family therapy and couple's therapy. I have treated individuals with a variety of conditions such as trauma, stress, depression including bipolar, anxiety, anger management problems, psychosis and addiction.
(878) 220-3027 View (878) 220-3027
Photo of Brian Joseph Nuckols, LPC Intern
Brian Joseph Nuckols
LPC Intern
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15221
Welcome! If you're seeking a fresh approach to addiction recovery, you're in the right place. I believe in addressing the root causes of addiction, not just the behavior. I enjoy working with all addictions including gambling, porn, and gaming, I use body-based and relational methods for deeper healing. My ideal clients are motivated individuals ready to explore and resolve the underlying issues driving their addiction. Together, we'll develop vibrant, healthy coping mechanisms for sustainable recovery and a fulfilling life. I will never ask you to get rid of a coping mechanism before we figure out something to replace it.
Welcome! If you're seeking a fresh approach to addiction recovery, you're in the right place. I believe in addressing the root causes of addiction, not just the behavior. I enjoy working with all addictions including gambling, porn, and gaming, I use body-based and relational methods for deeper healing. My ideal clients are motivated individuals ready to explore and resolve the underlying issues driving their addiction. Together, we'll develop vibrant, healthy coping mechanisms for sustainable recovery and a fulfilling life. I will never ask you to get rid of a coping mechanism before we figure out something to replace it.
(412) 903-3606 View (412) 903-3606
Photo of Bonnie Lou Ricard, MEd, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Bonnie Lou Ricard
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15238
Bonnie Ricard is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Pennsylvania and certified by the National Board of Counseling. Her undergraduate work was completed at Kent State University and she received her Masters in Counseling from the University of Pittsburgh. She has more than two decades of experience in the counseling profession with a focus on relational issues, life transitions, emotional distress, grief, crises and trauma. She has also done significant work in the field of substance use and its far reaching implications on individuals and families.
Bonnie Ricard is a Licensed Professional Counselor in Pennsylvania and certified by the National Board of Counseling. Her undergraduate work was completed at Kent State University and she received her Masters in Counseling from the University of Pittsburgh. She has more than two decades of experience in the counseling profession with a focus on relational issues, life transitions, emotional distress, grief, crises and trauma. She has also done significant work in the field of substance use and its far reaching implications on individuals and families.
(412) 564-4138 View (412) 564-4138
Photo of undefined - Lifebulb Counseling & Therapy, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lifebulb Counseling & Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Verona, PA 15147
Working with us you'll get results. Because we believe you're best served by a clinician who's passionate about not only their work, but who they work with as well. That's why we started Lifebulb - We're committed to building an organization that truly allows therapists to get back to enjoying their work, so you, our client, can receive the highest quality therapy services, whether in person at one of our locations or online through telehealth. We hire only highly trained and educated, licensed clinicians dedicated to the therapy process. We're confident we can help you achieve your therapy goals.
Working with us you'll get results. Because we believe you're best served by a clinician who's passionate about not only their work, but who they work with as well. That's why we started Lifebulb - We're committed to building an organization that truly allows therapists to get back to enjoying their work, so you, our client, can receive the highest quality therapy services, whether in person at one of our locations or online through telehealth. We hire only highly trained and educated, licensed clinicians dedicated to the therapy process. We're confident we can help you achieve your therapy goals.
(412) 838-4560 View (412) 838-4560
Photo of Renee J Jennings, MA, MSW, LCSW, CHT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Renee J Jennings
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, MSW, LCSW, CHT
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15221
As a transpersonal, body and gestalt psychotherapist, EMDR and Comprehensive Energy Psychology practitioner, meditation teacher and hypnotherapist, I offer an embodied and integrated approach to therapy, coaching, consultation, and teaching. Our problems and difficulties are opportunities for growth and wisdom, our innate intelligence always knows exactly what we need to transform or heal. Often, we need to undergo a process of compassionately encountering what it is that we find unacceptable, terrifying, or seemingly impossible for us to bear or let go. Paradoxically, these are the things that can lead us into deeper relationship with our true self.
As a transpersonal, body and gestalt psychotherapist, EMDR and Comprehensive Energy Psychology practitioner, meditation teacher and hypnotherapist, I offer an embodied and integrated approach to therapy, coaching, consultation, and teaching. Our problems and difficulties are opportunities for growth and wisdom, our innate intelligence always knows exactly what we need to transform or heal. Often, we need to undergo a process of compassionately encountering what it is that we find unacceptable, terrifying, or seemingly impossible for us to bear or let go. Paradoxically, these are the things that can lead us into deeper relationship with our true self.
(412) 545-6036 View (412) 545-6036
Photo of Cathiep. Wellness: Jada L. Pannell, MSEd, LPC, NCC, ACS, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cathiep. Wellness: Jada L. Pannell
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, LPC, NCC, ACS
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15235  (Online Only)
With 8 years of experience in the mental health field, I firmly believe in the parity of mental and physical health. Life often leads us into dark tunnels, and my role in therapy is to guide individuals toward the light at the end of those tunnels. I provide a safe and empathetic space for people to explore their thoughts and feelings, recognizing the uniqueness of each individual's journey. If you have any questions or specific concerns, feel free to ask; I'm here to assist you.
With 8 years of experience in the mental health field, I firmly believe in the parity of mental and physical health. Life often leads us into dark tunnels, and my role in therapy is to guide individuals toward the light at the end of those tunnels. I provide a safe and empathetic space for people to explore their thoughts and feelings, recognizing the uniqueness of each individual's journey. If you have any questions or specific concerns, feel free to ask; I'm here to assist you.
(757) 379-8593 View (757) 379-8593
Photo of Shannon Berncic, MS, CRC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Shannon Berncic
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, CRC, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15238
Congratulations on taking the first step! It can be overwhelming to start something new, but remember that you have already made progress by acknowledging that you want to take action. My focus is to help individuals heal, energize, and become aware of their inner strengths. As a therapist, it's essential to have a wide range of therapeutic tools and techniques to help clients navigate their challenges. Whether it's helping adolescents and teens manage stress and anxiety, assisting adults with depression or trauma, or supporting couples in strengthening their relationships, each client requires a customized approach.
Congratulations on taking the first step! It can be overwhelming to start something new, but remember that you have already made progress by acknowledging that you want to take action. My focus is to help individuals heal, energize, and become aware of their inner strengths. As a therapist, it's essential to have a wide range of therapeutic tools and techniques to help clients navigate their challenges. Whether it's helping adolescents and teens manage stress and anxiety, assisting adults with depression or trauma, or supporting couples in strengthening their relationships, each client requires a customized approach.
(412) 775-2901 View (412) 775-2901
Photo of Dr. Lauren Manning, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Lauren Manning
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15235  (Online Only)
Has your life become so overwhelming that your mind no longer feels like a comfortable, safe place? Maybe you recognize yourself struggling to work through painful memories or feel trapped by past hurt? Imagine what it would feel like to be able to more fully engage with those you love. As a licensed psychologist, I help people overcome difficult barriers in a warm, supportive, and non-judgmental way. I listen closely to understand your unique context so that we can collaboratively identify a plan to help you feel better as quickly as possible.
Has your life become so overwhelming that your mind no longer feels like a comfortable, safe place? Maybe you recognize yourself struggling to work through painful memories or feel trapped by past hurt? Imagine what it would feel like to be able to more fully engage with those you love. As a licensed psychologist, I help people overcome difficult barriers in a warm, supportive, and non-judgmental way. I listen closely to understand your unique context so that we can collaboratively identify a plan to help you feel better as quickly as possible.
(412) 376-4865 View (412) 376-4865

See more therapy options for Penn Hills

Psychodynamic Therapists

Is psychodynamic therapy evidence-based?

Studies have found psychodynamic therapy to be effective in treating conditions like social anxiety, eating disorders, chronic pain, some personality disorders, and depression; indeed, some studies have found it to be just as effective as CBT or medication. What’s more, several studies have found that the benefits of psychodynamic therapy tend to endure—even grow—long after treatment has ended.

How long does psychodynamic therapy last?

Unlike CBT and other more structured forms of therapy, psychodynamic therapy tends to be open-ended and may not be limited to a set number of sessions. It is common for clients to be in therapy for a year or longer and to see their therapist one to three times a week, though the exact schedule and timeline may vary depending on a client’s challenges and progress. However, brief psychodynamic therapy is available, which tends to be more goal-oriented and typically unfolds over 16 to 30 sessions.

Does psychodynamic therapy work?

Research finds that psychodynamic therapy can help someone manage or reduce symptoms of diagnosable mental health conditions like depression or anxiety. The modality may also offer a range of benefits that are harder to measure but just as valuable—such as increased self-worth or healthier relationships. While no therapy type will work for everyone, research and anecdotal evidence suggest that psychodynamic therapy can be highly effective.

What are the limitations of psychodynamic therapy?

Some meta-analyses have concluded that there is little evidence to suggest that psychodynamic therapy can effectively treat certain mental health conditions such as PTSD, OCD, or psychosis, though it is sometimes used to do so. More broadly, the open-ended, free-association structure of psychodynamic therapy may be frustrating for clients who prefer a more structured, time-limited, or goal-oriented approach.