Trauma and PTSD Therapists in Drexel Hill, PA

Photo of Donna J. Harris, MSW, MA, LCSW, CGP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Donna J. Harris
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, MA, LCSW, CGP
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
I use relational, anti-oppression & trauma-informed approaches in group and individual modalities to help people improve their lives.
Sometimes it's difficult to identify why you're feeling out of sorts. This can be an individual or interpersonal experience. For over 30 years, I've helped adults regain a sense of purpose in their work and personal relationships through individual and group psychotherapy. This is especially true for folks who feel silenced or unheard. I can help you find your voice! But the most helpful thing to do is to talk to a few therapists about their approaches and see if you connect with them. I'm happy to discuss how group or individual therapy can help you achieve more satisfaction in life.
I use relational, anti-oppression & trauma-informed approaches in group and individual modalities to help people improve their lives.
Sometimes it's difficult to identify why you're feeling out of sorts. This can be an individual or interpersonal experience. For over 30 years, I've helped adults regain a sense of purpose in their work and personal relationships through individual and group psychotherapy. This is especially true for folks who feel silenced or unheard. I can help you find your voice! But the most helpful thing to do is to talk to a few therapists about their approaches and see if you connect with them. I'm happy to discuss how group or individual therapy can help you achieve more satisfaction in life.
(484) 895-1180 View (484) 895-1180
Photo of Fritz Haas, MA, IATP, NCC, AAPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Fritz Haas
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, IATP, NCC, AAPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026
As a counselor, I have developed a specialty in working with clients who have experienced trauma in their lives. I am a certified Trauma Therapist and I use a variety of techniques including EMDR, CBT and various Mindfulness skills and practices. Professionally, I work hard to continue to develop my skills as a counselor through my work with clients, regularly attending professional development classes and through interactions with colleagues.
As a counselor, I have developed a specialty in working with clients who have experienced trauma in their lives. I am a certified Trauma Therapist and I use a variety of techniques including EMDR, CBT and various Mindfulness skills and practices. Professionally, I work hard to continue to develop my skills as a counselor through my work with clients, regularly attending professional development classes and through interactions with colleagues.
(610) 490-8139 View (610) 490-8139
Photo of Jenna Scampton, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Jenna Scampton
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
I specialize in trauma treatment. I believe that we are all destined to do great things if we have the appropriate support behind us. I am here to provide that support! I have about 4 years of experience so far in trauma, addictions and family/relationship systems. I also offer Prolonged Exposure therapy which is clinically proven to process traumatic memories in as little as 8-14 weeks!
I specialize in trauma treatment. I believe that we are all destined to do great things if we have the appropriate support behind us. I am here to provide that support! I have about 4 years of experience so far in trauma, addictions and family/relationship systems. I also offer Prolonged Exposure therapy which is clinically proven to process traumatic memories in as little as 8-14 weeks!
(484) 218-4940 View (484) 218-4940
Photo of Irene Feigin, MA, Psychologist
Irene Feigin
Psychologist, MA
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026
I provide psychotherapy for a wide range of psychological problems: Anxiety and Panic, depression, grief and Loss, emotional trauma stress reduction, women's issues,uprooting and migration, transition, children and adolescents behavior and emotional difficulties.
I am a licensed psychologist with over 20 years of clinical experience and I have been treating clients in private practice for the past 10 years in Philadelphia. I work with adults, children and families. I support my clients and help them learn how to cope with and overcome personal challenges, build inner strength and develop self-confidence. I create therapeutic atmosphere of respect, safety, and trust. I help my clients to recognize, discover and develop their own resources. I listen and take interest in each client. My approach is tailored to the unique needs of each individual.
I provide psychotherapy for a wide range of psychological problems: Anxiety and Panic, depression, grief and Loss, emotional trauma stress reduction, women's issues,uprooting and migration, transition, children and adolescents behavior and emotional difficulties.
I am a licensed psychologist with over 20 years of clinical experience and I have been treating clients in private practice for the past 10 years in Philadelphia. I work with adults, children and families. I support my clients and help them learn how to cope with and overcome personal challenges, build inner strength and develop self-confidence. I create therapeutic atmosphere of respect, safety, and trust. I help my clients to recognize, discover and develop their own resources. I listen and take interest in each client. My approach is tailored to the unique needs of each individual.
(215) 874-7287 View (215) 874-7287
Photo of Onaje Muid, DSW, MSW, LMHC, CASAC, Counselor
Onaje Muid
Counselor, DSW, MSW, LMHC, CASAC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026
my (our) specialty is trauma, substance use, and cultural alienation from ones' self and family counselor.
all my relations. as a social innovator, transformative social worker, therapist, cultural-centric healer for over 35 years, i work with families, couples and male persons- in that order- whose hearts are ready to resolve psychological issues related to oppression, racism, colorism, and historical trauma. Using cultural enrichment, through a therapy method called psychodrama, wholistic-somatic transformation is intended. In the picture is also my wife, Fatima Hafiz, Ph.D. who is may be available for sessions according to availability. On site service requires an additional fee.
my (our) specialty is trauma, substance use, and cultural alienation from ones' self and family counselor.
all my relations. as a social innovator, transformative social worker, therapist, cultural-centric healer for over 35 years, i work with families, couples and male persons- in that order- whose hearts are ready to resolve psychological issues related to oppression, racism, colorism, and historical trauma. Using cultural enrichment, through a therapy method called psychodrama, wholistic-somatic transformation is intended. In the picture is also my wife, Fatima Hafiz, Ph.D. who is may be available for sessions according to availability. On site service requires an additional fee.
(215) 458-2055 View (215) 458-2055
Photo of Jennifer Toof - Trauma Informed Counseling & Consulting, Licensed Professional Counselor
Trauma Informed Counseling & Consulting
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026
I provide trauma-informed mental health counseling services for children, teens, and adults in Pennsylvania either online or in-person.
Hi! I'm Jennifer Toof, LPC, NCC. I'm a certified trauma therapist working with clients of all ages for a wide variety of issues. My experience and warm, supportive, and trauma-informed approach will help you, your child, or your teen return to a place of peace and hopefulness. Sessions can be had in person or over Zoom. My sweet office bunny, Panda, can join in-person sessions if you/your child would like. Contact me TODAY!
I provide trauma-informed mental health counseling services for children, teens, and adults in Pennsylvania either online or in-person.
Hi! I'm Jennifer Toof, LPC, NCC. I'm a certified trauma therapist working with clients of all ages for a wide variety of issues. My experience and warm, supportive, and trauma-informed approach will help you, your child, or your teen return to a place of peace and hopefulness. Sessions can be had in person or over Zoom. My sweet office bunny, Panda, can join in-person sessions if you/your child would like. Contact me TODAY!
(610) 624-2280 View (610) 624-2280
Photo of Julianna Pierre, MA, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Julianna Pierre
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
My specialities include perinatal/postpartum mood disorders, infertility, depression, anxiety, trauma, women's health concerns, and BIPOC and LGBTQ+ concerns.
Willow Therapy Collective provides comprehensive online therapy, counseling, and consulting services. We, at Willow Therapy Collective assist individuals, couples and families to receive the tools, support, and services needed in effort to establish and maintain healthier lives. As a person of color I recognize how important it is to be able to feel safe and receive quality care. My approach is collaborative in assisting with reducing symptoms, managing stress, and working toward client's goals. My priority is to empower and support clients while providing a safe environment for processing.
My specialities include perinatal/postpartum mood disorders, infertility, depression, anxiety, trauma, women's health concerns, and BIPOC and LGBTQ+ concerns.
Willow Therapy Collective provides comprehensive online therapy, counseling, and consulting services. We, at Willow Therapy Collective assist individuals, couples and families to receive the tools, support, and services needed in effort to establish and maintain healthier lives. As a person of color I recognize how important it is to be able to feel safe and receive quality care. My approach is collaborative in assisting with reducing symptoms, managing stress, and working toward client's goals. My priority is to empower and support clients while providing a safe environment for processing.
(610) 890-5113 View (610) 890-5113
Photo of Allyson Sproul, LCSW, CAADC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Allyson Sproul
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CAADC
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026
I have postgraduate certification in trauma informed care, as well as extensive experience treating anxiety and depression.
I work with people needing support for substance use disorder, anxiety, and depression. Not sure if you fall into those categories, but still feel like counseling could help? No problem! Call or email for a free consultation and get one step closer to creating the healthier life you deserve. Together we can develop your treatment plan and help you get on track to feeling better and accomplishing your goals. Treatment plans are created together, include evidence based interventions and mindfulness skills. You can create change in your life and I am honored for the opportunity to join you on your journey.
I have postgraduate certification in trauma informed care, as well as extensive experience treating anxiety and depression.
I work with people needing support for substance use disorder, anxiety, and depression. Not sure if you fall into those categories, but still feel like counseling could help? No problem! Call or email for a free consultation and get one step closer to creating the healthier life you deserve. Together we can develop your treatment plan and help you get on track to feeling better and accomplishing your goals. Treatment plans are created together, include evidence based interventions and mindfulness skills. You can create change in your life and I am honored for the opportunity to join you on your journey.
(610) 632-5036 View (610) 632-5036
Photo of Autumn Miller, Licensed Professional Counselor
Autumn Miller
Licensed Professional Counselor
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
I have over ten years of clinical experience and education, specializing in anxiety, depression, trauma, women's health (infertility/postpartum), and transitions of life.
Willow Therapy Collective provides comprehensive therapy, counseling, and consulting services. We want to help eliminate barriers that people face when seeking help. We strive to provide a safe space for individuals, couples and families to receive the tools, education, and services needed in effort to establish and maintain healthier lives.
I have over ten years of clinical experience and education, specializing in anxiety, depression, trauma, women's health (infertility/postpartum), and transitions of life.
Willow Therapy Collective provides comprehensive therapy, counseling, and consulting services. We want to help eliminate barriers that people face when seeking help. We strive to provide a safe space for individuals, couples and families to receive the tools, education, and services needed in effort to establish and maintain healthier lives.
(610) 890-3758 View (610) 890-3758
Photo of Anna C Giacoponello, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Anna C Giacoponello
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
I typically work with those who have been struggling with any kind of grief or who have suffered a trauma, significant loss, or life change. I pride myself in being able to calmly enter a chaotic situation and diligently work to restore a sense of peace and balance. I know that we all grieve and process emotions in our own unique way no matter what the catalyst, so I am always mindful to take things one step at a time and go at a pace that feels best for you. I am open to adjusting my craft to best fit your needs, in the moment.
I typically work with those who have been struggling with any kind of grief or who have suffered a trauma, significant loss, or life change. I pride myself in being able to calmly enter a chaotic situation and diligently work to restore a sense of peace and balance. I know that we all grieve and process emotions in our own unique way no matter what the catalyst, so I am always mindful to take things one step at a time and go at a pace that feels best for you. I am open to adjusting my craft to best fit your needs, in the moment.
(484) 725-6730 View (484) 725-6730
Photo of Chelsea S Andrews, LPCMH, MS, Counselor
Chelsea S Andrews
Counselor, LPCMH, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
With a trauma-informed approach to therapy, I offer a safe space for emotional healing to begin where individuals can learn how to thrive.
Does managing and working through life’s challenges feel impossible at times? Is it a challenge believing you're worthy? Maybe you are feeling stuck or stagnant and sense that you need a change, however are unsure just what that is. Past and current life experiences can shape thoughts and feeling about the self, impacts relationships with others, and influences future events in sometimes unhelpful, or even harmful ways. It is my commitment to ‘meet you where you are’ when you come into my office, and build a trusting therapeutic relationship together.
With a trauma-informed approach to therapy, I offer a safe space for emotional healing to begin where individuals can learn how to thrive.
Does managing and working through life’s challenges feel impossible at times? Is it a challenge believing you're worthy? Maybe you are feeling stuck or stagnant and sense that you need a change, however are unsure just what that is. Past and current life experiences can shape thoughts and feeling about the self, impacts relationships with others, and influences future events in sometimes unhelpful, or even harmful ways. It is my commitment to ‘meet you where you are’ when you come into my office, and build a trusting therapeutic relationship together.
(302) 316-3346 View (302) 316-3346
Photo of Kat Nicholson, MS, NBCC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Kat Nicholson
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, NBCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
I often work with people who are dealing with issues of identity related to gender, sexual orientation, interpersonal conflict and inherited trauma.
My therapeutic approach focuses on addressing the ways external factors, namely the client’s environment, experiences, relationships and prior traumas have contributed to their current state. Given the world we live in I bring considerable attention to the ways that systems of oppression play a role in the client’s wellbeing. I believe that having an understanding of how these factors are impacting our mental health is integral to healing. As we work on building this awareness we can start making intentional choices more in line with the lives we would like to be living.
I often work with people who are dealing with issues of identity related to gender, sexual orientation, interpersonal conflict and inherited trauma.
My therapeutic approach focuses on addressing the ways external factors, namely the client’s environment, experiences, relationships and prior traumas have contributed to their current state. Given the world we live in I bring considerable attention to the ways that systems of oppression play a role in the client’s wellbeing. I believe that having an understanding of how these factors are impacting our mental health is integral to healing. As we work on building this awareness we can start making intentional choices more in line with the lives we would like to be living.
(412) 534-6037 View (412) 534-6037
Photo of Vincent Lamont, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Vincent Lamont
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
I have experience working with depression and anxiety disorders addiction disorders, PTSD, Borderline Personality Disorder, co-occurring disorders (mental illness and addiction), career changes, dysfunctional family of origin issues, LGBT issues and concerns and adjustment disorders.
My name is Vincent Lamont and I'm a Licensed Professional Counselor (Pennsylvania). Entering therapy can be a difficult decision for most people. I am committed to gently guiding my clients toward a place of relief from emotional distress and an enhanced sense of well-being. I am here to provide a safe space, and to help you work through whatever issue or conflict is troubling you.
I have experience working with depression and anxiety disorders addiction disorders, PTSD, Borderline Personality Disorder, co-occurring disorders (mental illness and addiction), career changes, dysfunctional family of origin issues, LGBT issues and concerns and adjustment disorders.
My name is Vincent Lamont and I'm a Licensed Professional Counselor (Pennsylvania). Entering therapy can be a difficult decision for most people. I am committed to gently guiding my clients toward a place of relief from emotional distress and an enhanced sense of well-being. I am here to provide a safe space, and to help you work through whatever issue or conflict is troubling you.
(267) 433-2706 View (267) 433-2706
Photo of Elizabeth Weinstock, PhD, Psychologist
Elizabeth Weinstock
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
New therapies have introduced powerful new tools for resolving trauma.
I have been a clinical psychologist for over 30 years. I help people with a wide range of human difficulties: depression, anxiety, fear, eating disorders, trauma and the ordinary changes in life's journey. As a seasoned therapist I use an integrated approach, blending several theoretical frameworkds and techniques. Some people come to therapy to know themselves better; others because they are deeply troubled by life's circumstances or inner demons. My job is to help people create the changes they want, and, in the process, undo the shame they often carry into their struggles.
New therapies have introduced powerful new tools for resolving trauma.
I have been a clinical psychologist for over 30 years. I help people with a wide range of human difficulties: depression, anxiety, fear, eating disorders, trauma and the ordinary changes in life's journey. As a seasoned therapist I use an integrated approach, blending several theoretical frameworkds and techniques. Some people come to therapy to know themselves better; others because they are deeply troubled by life's circumstances or inner demons. My job is to help people create the changes they want, and, in the process, undo the shame they often carry into their struggles.
(610) 915-8639 View (610) 915-8639
Photo of Courtney Anne Comly, PsyD, Psychologist
Courtney Anne Comly
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026
Not accepting new clients
I am a Licensed Psychologist specializing in CBT and evidence-based treatments for symptoms of depression, anxiety and trauma. I completed my Doctor of Psychology at Immaculata University in 2016, as well as a Master of Arts in Clinical Counseling Psychology from Chestnut Hill College in 2010. My training as a CBT provider was completed through the Beck Community Initiative at The University of Pennsylvania.
I am a Licensed Psychologist specializing in CBT and evidence-based treatments for symptoms of depression, anxiety and trauma. I completed my Doctor of Psychology at Immaculata University in 2016, as well as a Master of Arts in Clinical Counseling Psychology from Chestnut Hill College in 2010. My training as a CBT provider was completed through the Beck Community Initiative at The University of Pennsylvania.
(484) 559-7722 View (484) 559-7722
Photo of Sarah Shaffer, MSW, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sarah Shaffer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026
If you are feeling stuck, conflicted or just wanting to bounce ideas for change, then an honest conversation is the place to start! Specialties include: Gen X Women, Caregivers of Aging Parents or Special Needs Children, Depression/Anxiety, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Career Transitions. I work in an honest and accountable environment, offering the space to embrace chaos and keep moving forward.
If you are feeling stuck, conflicted or just wanting to bounce ideas for change, then an honest conversation is the place to start! Specialties include: Gen X Women, Caregivers of Aging Parents or Special Needs Children, Depression/Anxiety, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Career Transitions. I work in an honest and accountable environment, offering the space to embrace chaos and keep moving forward.
(610) 222-5875 View (610) 222-5875
Photo of Alaina O'Neill, BS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Alaina O'Neill
Pre-Licensed Professional, BS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
I specialize in providing services for teen and young adult populations who experience symptoms of anxiety, depression and trauma that may arise during difficult life transitions.
Hello! I am Alaina. I am a counseling student pursuing a Masters at Thomas Jefferson University. I have a passion for working with individuals to pull on their strengths and support them through the many different transitions that emerge during early adolescence and young adulthood. During our work together, I strive to cultivate a safe environment for us to work through any thoughts, feelings or emotions.
I specialize in providing services for teen and young adult populations who experience symptoms of anxiety, depression and trauma that may arise during difficult life transitions.
Hello! I am Alaina. I am a counseling student pursuing a Masters at Thomas Jefferson University. I have a passion for working with individuals to pull on their strengths and support them through the many different transitions that emerge during early adolescence and young adulthood. During our work together, I strive to cultivate a safe environment for us to work through any thoughts, feelings or emotions.
(267) 848-9808 View (267) 848-9808
Photo of Dr. DeAnna McCaskill, DSW, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dr. DeAnna McCaskill
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Drexel Hill, PA 19026  (Online Only)
I specialize in treating depression, anxiety, anger, trauma, school-related challenges, parenting struggles, and family communication issues.
Are you feeling overwhelmed by anger, anxiety, or depression and ready to make a positive change? With a compassionate and empathetic approach, I'm here to support you. I work closely with adolescents, adults, and families to understand the root of their issues and help them achieve a healthier, more balanced life. Let's navigate these challenges together and create a brighter future.
I specialize in treating depression, anxiety, anger, trauma, school-related challenges, parenting struggles, and family communication issues.
Are you feeling overwhelmed by anger, anxiety, or depression and ready to make a positive change? With a compassionate and empathetic approach, I'm here to support you. I work closely with adolescents, adults, and families to understand the root of their issues and help them achieve a healthier, more balanced life. Let's navigate these challenges together and create a brighter future.
(717) 844-9092 View (717) 844-9092
Photo of Tasha Petropoulos Knob, LCSW, QCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tasha Petropoulos Knob
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, QCSW
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026
I work primarily from a Relational perspective, seeing the relationship between client and therapist as the most significant vehicle for change. If you come willing to work on whatever is troubling you, we will be successful. I include other theoretical perspectives, including Sytems, Psychodynamic, Cognitive Behavioral, Insight-Oriented to name a few. As we get to know each other we will develop a process that will best fit you and your needs. I understand that feeling comfortable with your therapist is essential, so I'll do my best to help you find someone if our fit doesn't feel right.
I work primarily from a Relational perspective, seeing the relationship between client and therapist as the most significant vehicle for change. If you come willing to work on whatever is troubling you, we will be successful. I include other theoretical perspectives, including Sytems, Psychodynamic, Cognitive Behavioral, Insight-Oriented to name a few. As we get to know each other we will develop a process that will best fit you and your needs. I understand that feeling comfortable with your therapist is essential, so I'll do my best to help you find someone if our fit doesn't feel right.
(484) 812-3063 View (484) 812-3063
Photo of Diane C Stowe, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Diane C Stowe
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Drexel Hill, PA 19026
Are you willing to get to know yourself better? Are you willing to learn more about why you do the things you do, to be thoughtful about yourself? Are you willing to change? Are you willing to accept that some changes come easier than others? If so, I will listen and assist you with this. Sometimes it is a matter of learning simple techniques and other times it is a matter of getting to know yourself better, gaining a new perspective, and making new choices by experimenting with new or other ideas and behaviors to see what works for you now.
Are you willing to get to know yourself better? Are you willing to learn more about why you do the things you do, to be thoughtful about yourself? Are you willing to change? Are you willing to accept that some changes come easier than others? If so, I will listen and assist you with this. Sometimes it is a matter of learning simple techniques and other times it is a matter of getting to know yourself better, gaining a new perspective, and making new choices by experimenting with new or other ideas and behaviors to see what works for you now.
(267) 719-3201 View (267) 719-3201
1

Trauma and PTSD Therapists

When should I seek treatment for trauma?

Not everyone who undergoes trauma needs therapy to heal, but many do. If, after experiencing a traumatic event, you find yourself struggling with symptoms such as nightmares, dissociation, irritability, or emotional numbness—especially if these symptoms last more than a month and are severe enough to interfere with your daily functioning—you may benefit from seeking out therapy with a trauma-informed provider.

How long does trauma therapy take?

Different types of therapy for trauma unfold on different timelines. Prolonged exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy, for example, each take about three months, while trauma-informed CBT may last anywhere from 8 to 25 sessions. Other approaches, especially those that are less structured or that incorporate elements from multiple modalities, may be more open-ended, though many patients report feeling better within the first few months of treatment.

What happens if trauma is left untreated?

Unaddressed trauma can have serious—even devastating—effects on relationships, career, and day-to-day functioning. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can lead people to distrust or lash out at others, making it difficult to maintain intimate relationships; it can also trigger symptoms such as flashbacks or hyperreactivity that can interfere with a person’s ability to function effectively, personally and/or professionally. Some sufferers turn to drugs to find relief. Symptoms may lessen on their own with time, but there is no guarantee that PTSD will resolve on its own.

Can PTSD come back after treatment?

It is possible for PTSD symptoms to recur months or years after successful treatment. This is because, like most mental health disorders, it is not possible to “cure” PTSD, and stressful life events may cause symptoms to recur in even the most resilient individuals. There is no shame in re-experiencing PTSD symptoms nor in returning to therapy when such relapses occur; indeed, many forms of trauma therapy explicitly encourage periodic “maintenance sessions” to reinforce coping skills and ensure that symptoms stay manageable.