Trauma and PTSD Therapists in Cheltenham, PA

Photo of Marilyn Luber, PhD, Psychologist
Marilyn Luber
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012
I help individuals and couples work on trauma, psychological and relational issues and behaviors so that they can resolve them and enrich their lives. I have been a clinical psychologist since the mid-eighties and I view our work together as a collaborative process. I will begin by learning about and understanding you and your problem and we will figure out together what has contributed to your difficulties. The next step is to create a treatment plan tailored to you and your goal/s. Treatment consists of resolving these difficulties and re-accessing joy and interest in life.
I help individuals and couples work on trauma, psychological and relational issues and behaviors so that they can resolve them and enrich their lives. I have been a clinical psychologist since the mid-eighties and I view our work together as a collaborative process. I will begin by learning about and understanding you and your problem and we will figure out together what has contributed to your difficulties. The next step is to create a treatment plan tailored to you and your goal/s. Treatment consists of resolving these difficulties and re-accessing joy and interest in life.
(215) 995-5018 View (215) 995-5018
Photo of Danna Bodenheimer, LCSW, DSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Danna Bodenheimer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, DSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cheltenham, PA 19012
I also have experience working with anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and trauma.
I believe in the healing power of psychotherapy. I understand that the process might be a long one. If I take on a client, I am in it for the entire journey. Whether you facing questions about your relationship or your life path, psychotherapy can lead you towards authentic answers. I am able to use myself, along with the therapeutic relationship to allow you to find ways to live more fully. I am comfortable working to help you access the parts of yourself that feel both scary and powerful. I find that I am particularly skilled at working at the intersection of neurodivergence and queerness.
I also have experience working with anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and trauma.
I believe in the healing power of psychotherapy. I understand that the process might be a long one. If I take on a client, I am in it for the entire journey. Whether you facing questions about your relationship or your life path, psychotherapy can lead you towards authentic answers. I am able to use myself, along with the therapeutic relationship to allow you to find ways to live more fully. I am comfortable working to help you access the parts of yourself that feel both scary and powerful. I find that I am particularly skilled at working at the intersection of neurodivergence and queerness.
(215) 839-1137 View (215) 839-1137
Photo of Gabriella Serruya-Green, PsyD, Psychologist
Gabriella Serruya-Green
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cheltenham, PA 19012
For all the conveniences and genuine marvels of the modern world, rates of stress, disease and mental illness continue to escalate, particularly in the wake of the collective trauma of Covid-19. Children, teens, and young adults have been especially hard hit. I work with individuals of all ages in diminishing feelings of alienation, fear, and hyper-reactivity and cultivating a sense of inner ease and well-being. Using play, talk and family therapy, we work together to understand the unmet needs underlying symptoms and figure out ways to address these needs via channeling the natural human instincts for growth and discovery.
For all the conveniences and genuine marvels of the modern world, rates of stress, disease and mental illness continue to escalate, particularly in the wake of the collective trauma of Covid-19. Children, teens, and young adults have been especially hard hit. I work with individuals of all ages in diminishing feelings of alienation, fear, and hyper-reactivity and cultivating a sense of inner ease and well-being. Using play, talk and family therapy, we work together to understand the unmet needs underlying symptoms and figure out ways to address these needs via channeling the natural human instincts for growth and discovery.
(267) 613-7057 View (267) 613-7057
Photo of Eleonora Bartoli, PhD, Psychologist
Eleonora Bartoli
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cheltenham, PA 19012
I also work with individuals who have experienced traumatic events as well as social justice activists, mental/health professionals, educators, spiritual leaders, first responders, and caregivers experiencing compassion fatigue or vicarious trauma.
I specialize in working with young adults and adults who experience anxiety or depression and who want to find balance through the challenges that come with life transitions (e.g., surrounding relationships, work, parenthood, school). Given my own international upbringing and my experience in multicultural counseling, I also enjoy working with clients of diverse or international backgrounds, and people who seek to better integrate or explore different aspects of their socio-cultural identities.
I also work with individuals who have experienced traumatic events as well as social justice activists, mental/health professionals, educators, spiritual leaders, first responders, and caregivers experiencing compassion fatigue or vicarious trauma.
I specialize in working with young adults and adults who experience anxiety or depression and who want to find balance through the challenges that come with life transitions (e.g., surrounding relationships, work, parenthood, school). Given my own international upbringing and my experience in multicultural counseling, I also enjoy working with clients of diverse or international backgrounds, and people who seek to better integrate or explore different aspects of their socio-cultural identities.
(215) 917-2289 View (215) 917-2289
Photo of undefined - Life Matters, Counseling Service, MSW, CDVRS, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Life Matters, Counseling Service
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, CDVRS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012
I utilize elements of trauma focused CBT, mindfulness, cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, solution focused, psycho-education and the most important working closely with my client to develop the right treatment plan throughout a collaborative process.
My style is a relaxed conversation, my experience, is as follows; working within mother baby shelters over 25 years, Adolescents, Level of care (acute med surg) inpatient, First Responders, Law enforcement. Populations that I have worked with include areas of trauma, grief, depression, suicide, bullying, substance abuse, self esteem and includes Life Changes.
I utilize elements of trauma focused CBT, mindfulness, cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, solution focused, psycho-education and the most important working closely with my client to develop the right treatment plan throughout a collaborative process.
My style is a relaxed conversation, my experience, is as follows; working within mother baby shelters over 25 years, Adolescents, Level of care (acute med surg) inpatient, First Responders, Law enforcement. Populations that I have worked with include areas of trauma, grief, depression, suicide, bullying, substance abuse, self esteem and includes Life Changes.
(215) 631-3602 View (215) 631-3602
Photo of Gregory McFarland, LPC, CAADC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Gregory McFarland
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CAADC
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012  (Online Only)
My ideal client seeks meaningful change and growth, whether individually or in a relationship. They may be dealing with trauma, anxiety, relationship conflicts, or feeling stuck. They need a supportive and empathetic environment to feel heard and understood. Their goals include healing past wounds, developing healthier thought patterns, and building stronger, fulfilling relationships. They aim to overcome life’s hurdles and achieve lasting positive change, driven by a desire to improve their mental and emotional well-being. My diverse therapeutic approaches and specialized trauma therapy are designed to meet these needs.
My ideal client seeks meaningful change and growth, whether individually or in a relationship. They may be dealing with trauma, anxiety, relationship conflicts, or feeling stuck. They need a supportive and empathetic environment to feel heard and understood. Their goals include healing past wounds, developing healthier thought patterns, and building stronger, fulfilling relationships. They aim to overcome life’s hurdles and achieve lasting positive change, driven by a desire to improve their mental and emotional well-being. My diverse therapeutic approaches and specialized trauma therapy are designed to meet these needs.
(267) 551-8755 View (267) 551-8755
Photo of Noel Diorio, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Noel Diorio
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012  (Online Only)
Chrysalis Psychotherapy for Women specializes in treating professional women interested in understanding themselves better to improve their relationships, change unhealthy patterns and ultimately discover their highest potential. I specialize in working with individuals who struggle with self-injury (cutting, burning and picking of skin) self-esteem issues, anger, trauma, anxiety, depression, and couples counseling. I help clients to develop cognitive behavioral tools in combination with relaxation techniques to help manage symptoms, expand functioning and develop new strategies for moving forward in their lives. I am also an AAMFT approved supervisor offering case consultation and supervision to therapists working towards licensure.
Chrysalis Psychotherapy for Women specializes in treating professional women interested in understanding themselves better to improve their relationships, change unhealthy patterns and ultimately discover their highest potential. I specialize in working with individuals who struggle with self-injury (cutting, burning and picking of skin) self-esteem issues, anger, trauma, anxiety, depression, and couples counseling. I help clients to develop cognitive behavioral tools in combination with relaxation techniques to help manage symptoms, expand functioning and develop new strategies for moving forward in their lives. I am also an AAMFT approved supervisor offering case consultation and supervision to therapists working towards licensure.
(215) 839-1145 View (215) 839-1145
Photo of Joanne Perilstein, PhD, Psychologist
Joanne Perilstein
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012  (Online Only)
Do you lay awake worrying about your relationship, your family, money, your job, or your life in general? Feel stressed out, unable to relax? Are you easily distractible, have trouble accomplishing things, and wonder if you have ADHD? Wish you could "stop the world and get off" for while? Therapy is a good place to do just that. To help you figure out what's not working, and new ways to approach old problems. Like how to avoid having the same fight over and over with a loved one. Or maybe you just need someone to talk to, who won't judge you.
Do you lay awake worrying about your relationship, your family, money, your job, or your life in general? Feel stressed out, unable to relax? Are you easily distractible, have trouble accomplishing things, and wonder if you have ADHD? Wish you could "stop the world and get off" for while? Therapy is a good place to do just that. To help you figure out what's not working, and new ways to approach old problems. Like how to avoid having the same fight over and over with a loved one. Or maybe you just need someone to talk to, who won't judge you.
(215) 564-4669 View (215) 564-4669
Photo of Hannah Lee, MSS, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Hannah Lee
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012
Imagine a space where you can express yourself in many different forms as you feel most comfortable; where you can try out new ways of being in your life and in your relationships. I strive to provide a space like this; where your thoughts, feelings and most tender parts can be revealed, nurtured, heard and seen. I enjoy the limitless diversity of brain chemistries, ethnicities, sexualities and gender expressions that exist among us. I also appreciate the diversity of life experience that each of us holds, and believe that there is wisdom and expertise within each of us to enable healing, but we don't always know how to access it.
Imagine a space where you can express yourself in many different forms as you feel most comfortable; where you can try out new ways of being in your life and in your relationships. I strive to provide a space like this; where your thoughts, feelings and most tender parts can be revealed, nurtured, heard and seen. I enjoy the limitless diversity of brain chemistries, ethnicities, sexualities and gender expressions that exist among us. I also appreciate the diversity of life experience that each of us holds, and believe that there is wisdom and expertise within each of us to enable healing, but we don't always know how to access it.
(267) 754-8020 View (267) 754-8020
Photo of undefined - Ujima Life Services, LLC, MEd, MA, LPC, NCC, Counselor
Ujima Life Services, LLC
Counselor, MEd, MA, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Cheltenham, PA 19012  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, National Board Certified Counselor and a Certified Integrative Mental Health Professional. I have been a therapist for over 10 years and I have worked with clients who are experiencing anxiety, depression, and difficulties with handling life’s stressors. As a Certified Integrative Mental Health Professional, I will include discussions about using food as medicine, the use of herbal supplements, and the mental health benefits of exercise.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor, National Board Certified Counselor and a Certified Integrative Mental Health Professional. I have been a therapist for over 10 years and I have worked with clients who are experiencing anxiety, depression, and difficulties with handling life’s stressors. As a Certified Integrative Mental Health Professional, I will include discussions about using food as medicine, the use of herbal supplements, and the mental health benefits of exercise.
(267) 433-2608 View (267) 433-2608
Photo of Mushiyrah Sharif, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mushiyrah Sharif
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012  (Online Only)
Hello! My name is Mushiyrah. I have experience working with clients struggling with anxiety, depression, and self-esteem challenges, as well as other issues. Teaching coping skills and helping clients utilize their strengths is important to me. It allows individuals to feel empowered and competent. The goal is not to rely on me but to learn to trust themselves and utilize new skills to manage their symptoms. It is also very important to me to give space for people of color to feel comfortable exploring issues of race.
Hello! My name is Mushiyrah. I have experience working with clients struggling with anxiety, depression, and self-esteem challenges, as well as other issues. Teaching coping skills and helping clients utilize their strengths is important to me. It allows individuals to feel empowered and competent. The goal is not to rely on me but to learn to trust themselves and utilize new skills to manage their symptoms. It is also very important to me to give space for people of color to feel comfortable exploring issues of race.
(267) 214-9328 View (267) 214-9328
Photo of Stewart Hockenberry, PhD, Psychologist
Stewart Hockenberry
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cheltenham, PA 19012
Each of us comes to psychotherapy for different reasons, and while no two psychotherapy journeys will be alike, we all require the same essential conditions of empathy, acceptance, and supportive encouragement to examine our lives with an attitude of curiosity and a creative vision for change. As a licensed psychologist with a wide-range of training and clinical experience, I am committed to establishing a therapeutic relationship that is dedicated toward understanding the circumstances that have brought you to this point in your life and in drawing upon your strengths and resources for taking your life in a new direction.
Each of us comes to psychotherapy for different reasons, and while no two psychotherapy journeys will be alike, we all require the same essential conditions of empathy, acceptance, and supportive encouragement to examine our lives with an attitude of curiosity and a creative vision for change. As a licensed psychologist with a wide-range of training and clinical experience, I am committed to establishing a therapeutic relationship that is dedicated toward understanding the circumstances that have brought you to this point in your life and in drawing upon your strengths and resources for taking your life in a new direction.
(215) 995-0098 View (215) 995-0098
Photo of Craig Cohen, PhD, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Craig Cohen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, a life transition, or problems in your relationships? Are you feeling sad, angry, or in need of help right now with complicated issues? I work to create a safe, enriching environment as we collaborate together to develop a clearer understanding of these concerns. We explore your goals in life and what gets in the way of experiencing a sense of fulfillment and purpose. I strive to listen and support the needs of my clients and explore with them meaningful changes they can make in their lives and in their personal and professional relationships.
Are you struggling with depression, anxiety, a life transition, or problems in your relationships? Are you feeling sad, angry, or in need of help right now with complicated issues? I work to create a safe, enriching environment as we collaborate together to develop a clearer understanding of these concerns. We explore your goals in life and what gets in the way of experiencing a sense of fulfillment and purpose. I strive to listen and support the needs of my clients and explore with them meaningful changes they can make in their lives and in their personal and professional relationships.
(215) 559-9558 View (215) 559-9558
Photo of Jacqueline Falkenheim, PhD, MSS, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jacqueline Falkenheim
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, MSS, LCSW
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012
Why seek psychotherapy? Are you feeling uncomfortable in your relationships, misunderstood, overwhelmed, helpless, depressed, or anxious, and unable to fulfill your needs and desires? I have spent many years assisting people grow and make emotional changes that help them feel more buoyant, successful and expansive in all aspects of their lives. I aim to create an environment that is nurturing, tender, safe and conducive to the exploration of your wishes, resources, disappointments and fears. My goal is to attend to the complexity of a person's experience, offering you the time and space to become known contentedly to yourself and others.
Why seek psychotherapy? Are you feeling uncomfortable in your relationships, misunderstood, overwhelmed, helpless, depressed, or anxious, and unable to fulfill your needs and desires? I have spent many years assisting people grow and make emotional changes that help them feel more buoyant, successful and expansive in all aspects of their lives. I aim to create an environment that is nurturing, tender, safe and conducive to the exploration of your wishes, resources, disappointments and fears. My goal is to attend to the complexity of a person's experience, offering you the time and space to become known contentedly to yourself and others.
(610) 915-8252 View (610) 915-8252
Photo of Craig M Aaron, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Craig M Aaron
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cheltenham, PA 19012
I strongly believe in the transformative power of psychotherapy. As a Gestalt therapist, I'm committed to helping my clients reconnect with their true nature, live authentically and experience deep connection to self and others. I'm receptive to working on a sliding scale based on financial need.
I strongly believe in the transformative power of psychotherapy. As a Gestalt therapist, I'm committed to helping my clients reconnect with their true nature, live authentically and experience deep connection to self and others. I'm receptive to working on a sliding scale based on financial need.
(610) 898-3192 View (610) 898-3192
Photo of Rhoda Fuchs-Morton, MA, CAC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Rhoda Fuchs-Morton
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, CAC, LPC
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012
I have been providing mental health care since 1989 in both inpatient and outpatient settings, treating individuals, couples and families for a variety of mental health problems. My professional training and background is as a Marriage and Family Therapist, a Certified Addictions Counselor and Licensed Professional Counselor. I also have a strong background in Alternative Holistic Healing Therapies from mind/body practices,energy psychology, body-based therapies, holistic health and spiritual practices. As a therapist I use a variety of therapeutic approaches and am able to integrate psychotherapy with alternative healing modalities to support psychological growth in the best way possible for each individual's particular needs (see fuchsmortonholistic.com). I believe it's important to find the "right/best" fit between client and therapist. The following are some of my specializations: individual therapy integrating holistic therapies, eating disorders, depression, anxiety, addictions recovery, couples counseling, adolescence and families, compulsive eating and obesity, spiritual development, children of narcissistic parents, menopausal change, chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia.
I have been providing mental health care since 1989 in both inpatient and outpatient settings, treating individuals, couples and families for a variety of mental health problems. My professional training and background is as a Marriage and Family Therapist, a Certified Addictions Counselor and Licensed Professional Counselor. I also have a strong background in Alternative Holistic Healing Therapies from mind/body practices,energy psychology, body-based therapies, holistic health and spiritual practices. As a therapist I use a variety of therapeutic approaches and am able to integrate psychotherapy with alternative healing modalities to support psychological growth in the best way possible for each individual's particular needs (see fuchsmortonholistic.com). I believe it's important to find the "right/best" fit between client and therapist. The following are some of my specializations: individual therapy integrating holistic therapies, eating disorders, depression, anxiety, addictions recovery, couples counseling, adolescence and families, compulsive eating and obesity, spiritual development, children of narcissistic parents, menopausal change, chronic fatigue and fibromyalgia.
(609) 849-3184 View (609) 849-3184
Photo of Elliot Rotman, PhD, Psychologist
Elliot Rotman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cheltenham, PA 19012
I believe people seek help from when they get "stuck" in some aspect of their lives. Through my 25 plus years of practice I work to help others make changes, choices, solve problems, and to grow in order to get "unstuck" and progress. I take an active, interactive, and supportive approach to therapy and use a variety of approaches as needed, sometimes working with the past and always with applications to the present.
I believe people seek help from when they get "stuck" in some aspect of their lives. Through my 25 plus years of practice I work to help others make changes, choices, solve problems, and to grow in order to get "unstuck" and progress. I take an active, interactive, and supportive approach to therapy and use a variety of approaches as needed, sometimes working with the past and always with applications to the present.
(215) 874-7312 View (215) 874-7312
Photo of undefined - The Center for Family Empowerment, MA, LMFT
The Center for Family Empowerment
MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012
Do you have a child or teen struggling with big emotions or fitting in with peers? Anxiety, depression, or self-harm? Self-esteem, confidence, or body image? Maybe something at home feels off, communication is lacking, frustrations are running high, and you're feeling lost as to the next best steps. As a team of highly specialized and skilled clinicians with extensive experience working with tweens, teens, and families in a variety of settings, we are equipped to support you as an individual, or your child, your teen, and your family.
Do you have a child or teen struggling with big emotions or fitting in with peers? Anxiety, depression, or self-harm? Self-esteem, confidence, or body image? Maybe something at home feels off, communication is lacking, frustrations are running high, and you're feeling lost as to the next best steps. As a team of highly specialized and skilled clinicians with extensive experience working with tweens, teens, and families in a variety of settings, we are equipped to support you as an individual, or your child, your teen, and your family.
(215) 613-4758 View (215) 613-4758
Photo of Frank A Edwards, PsyD, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Frank A Edwards
Licensed Professional Counselor, PsyD, LPC
Verified Verified
Cheltenham, PA 19012
Enspire Consulting Group, LLC is a premier private practice that offers individual and group sessions to children, adults and families. Our well trained and skilled clinicians counsel on a range of emotional and personal issues. We offer a comfortable, supportive atmosphere that provides a personalized approach to supporting a growth mindset. We feel passionate about the work we do, and are committed to helping our client's feel better about themselves and their lives. We understand that sadness, anger, fear and anxiety are universal experiences to which we are here to help clients move through those cycles of negative thoughts.
Enspire Consulting Group, LLC is a premier private practice that offers individual and group sessions to children, adults and families. Our well trained and skilled clinicians counsel on a range of emotional and personal issues. We offer a comfortable, supportive atmosphere that provides a personalized approach to supporting a growth mindset. We feel passionate about the work we do, and are committed to helping our client's feel better about themselves and their lives. We understand that sadness, anger, fear and anxiety are universal experiences to which we are here to help clients move through those cycles of negative thoughts.
(267) 459-9564 View (267) 459-9564
Photo of undefined - Beyond Limits Mental Health & Wellness, LLC, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Beyond Limits Mental Health & Wellness, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Cheltenham, PA 19012
Most people in your life would be surprised to know that you have internal struggles because you hide it well, but deep down inside you feel unfulfilled and unhappy. While some areas of your life are good, other areas never seem to improve no matter how hard you work on them. There seems to be this pattern of behavior that constantly gets in your way. It appears as if something is always holding you back, you feel stuck and unsure of how to move forward. You want to learn how to love and accept yourself and improve the quality of your relationships, starting with the relationship with yourself.
Most people in your life would be surprised to know that you have internal struggles because you hide it well, but deep down inside you feel unfulfilled and unhappy. While some areas of your life are good, other areas never seem to improve no matter how hard you work on them. There seems to be this pattern of behavior that constantly gets in your way. It appears as if something is always holding you back, you feel stuck and unsure of how to move forward. You want to learn how to love and accept yourself and improve the quality of your relationships, starting with the relationship with yourself.
(215) 297-4536 View (215) 297-4536
Trauma and PTSD Therapists

When should I seek treatment for trauma?

Not everyone who undergoes trauma needs therapy to heal, but many do. If, after experiencing a traumatic event, you find yourself struggling with symptoms such as nightmares, dissociation, irritability, or emotional numbness—especially if these symptoms last more than a month and are severe enough to interfere with your daily functioning—you may benefit from seeking out therapy with a trauma-informed provider.

How long does trauma therapy take?

Different types of therapy for trauma unfold on different timelines. Prolonged exposure therapy and cognitive processing therapy, for example, each take about three months, while trauma-informed CBT may last anywhere from 8 to 25 sessions. Other approaches, especially those that are less structured or that incorporate elements from multiple modalities, may be more open-ended, though many patients report feeling better within the first few months of treatment.

What happens if trauma is left untreated?

Unaddressed trauma can have serious—even devastating—effects on relationships, career, and day-to-day functioning. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) can lead people to distrust or lash out at others, making it difficult to maintain intimate relationships; it can also trigger symptoms such as flashbacks or hyperreactivity that can interfere with a person’s ability to function effectively, personally and/or professionally. Some sufferers turn to drugs to find relief. Symptoms may lessen on their own with time, but there is no guarantee that PTSD will resolve on its own.

Can PTSD come back after treatment?

It is possible for PTSD symptoms to recur months or years after successful treatment. This is because, like most mental health disorders, it is not possible to “cure” PTSD, and stressful life events may cause symptoms to recur in even the most resilient individuals. There is no shame in re-experiencing PTSD symptoms nor in returning to therapy when such relapses occur; indeed, many forms of trauma therapy explicitly encourage periodic “maintenance sessions” to reinforce coping skills and ensure that symptoms stay manageable.