Depression Therapists in Bellevue, PA

Photo of Heather Parrilla, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Heather Parrilla
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Bellevue, PA 15202  (Online Only)
You want to be successful and self-assured, but your anxiety or depression has left you struggling with confidence and unsure of who you are. You may even feel confused as to what emotions you are experiencing or why you are feeling this way. This could be affecting your relationships, your work, or other areas of your life, and you're tired of pretending everything is fine when it's not. One thing is for certain: you're ready for relief. You're ready to feel good about yourself, to learn how to navigate these thoughts and feelings. You're ready to feel peace.
You want to be successful and self-assured, but your anxiety or depression has left you struggling with confidence and unsure of who you are. You may even feel confused as to what emotions you are experiencing or why you are feeling this way. This could be affecting your relationships, your work, or other areas of your life, and you're tired of pretending everything is fine when it's not. One thing is for certain: you're ready for relief. You're ready to feel good about yourself, to learn how to navigate these thoughts and feelings. You're ready to feel peace.
(412) 207-3849 View (412) 207-3849
Photo of Chris Burd, MA, NCC, Pre-Licensed Professional
Chris Burd
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellevue, PA 15202
I specialize in working with adults - as individuals and as couples, particularly those who may be dealing with trauma, anxiety, depression, or life transitions. Clients dealing with grief, relationships, identity issues, body image challenges, or career uncertainty will also find a safe space with me to explore, heal, and grow. If you are a client seeking to better understand yourself or to better understand your partner, we can explore and learn together.
I specialize in working with adults - as individuals and as couples, particularly those who may be dealing with trauma, anxiety, depression, or life transitions. Clients dealing with grief, relationships, identity issues, body image challenges, or career uncertainty will also find a safe space with me to explore, heal, and grow. If you are a client seeking to better understand yourself or to better understand your partner, we can explore and learn together.
(412) 534-5106 View (412) 534-5106
Taylor Naylor
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Bellevue, PA 15202
I work with individuals and couples to address a number of concerns including but not limited to infidelity, trauma, addictions, communication issues, anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem.
The process of empowerment through self-discovery was one of the greatest gifts I gave myself and is one of my primary goals as a therapist. I assist clients with discovering strength by working through the emotions and negative experiences that have left them feeling lost, unworthy, and/or defeated. I want clients to know they are not alone and that past or present circumstances do not have to define who they are or who they want to be. Change is not easy, yet within conscious effort, introspection, and clarity, exists the power for clients to direct their lives.
I work with individuals and couples to address a number of concerns including but not limited to infidelity, trauma, addictions, communication issues, anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem.
The process of empowerment through self-discovery was one of the greatest gifts I gave myself and is one of my primary goals as a therapist. I assist clients with discovering strength by working through the emotions and negative experiences that have left them feeling lost, unworthy, and/or defeated. I want clients to know they are not alone and that past or present circumstances do not have to define who they are or who they want to be. Change is not easy, yet within conscious effort, introspection, and clarity, exists the power for clients to direct their lives.
(412) 844-4835 View (412) 844-4835
Photo of Ry Keenan, MSEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ry Keenan
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Bellevue, PA 15202
My ideal client is one who is looking to better connect with themselves and those around them. They may struggle with effective communication, or successfully navigating the complexity of a deep and meaningful relationship. Most of all my ideal client is one who is willing to be open and honest about their experiences and what they want out of life.
My ideal client is one who is looking to better connect with themselves and those around them. They may struggle with effective communication, or successfully navigating the complexity of a deep and meaningful relationship. Most of all my ideal client is one who is willing to be open and honest about their experiences and what they want out of life.
(412) 274-7425 View (412) 274-7425
Photo of Ariane Saladino, MSCP, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ariane Saladino
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSCP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Bellevue, PA 15202
My approach is rooted in creating a compassionate space where individuals can explore their inner selves, fostering self-awareness and illuminating the path towards light, happiness, and therapeutic change. DBT, CBT, IPSRT, MI, CFT, CPT; tailed to you!.. You know that saying, “Time flies when you’re having fun.” Well, I challenge that! Let’s live a life where we are mindful of both the good and not-so-good times, solution-focused instead of problem-focused, and where we can be content and satisfied, as a minimum! A life where even if there are storm clouds, we know how to make a few rainbows of our own until the sun comes out again.
My approach is rooted in creating a compassionate space where individuals can explore their inner selves, fostering self-awareness and illuminating the path towards light, happiness, and therapeutic change. DBT, CBT, IPSRT, MI, CFT, CPT; tailed to you!.. You know that saying, “Time flies when you’re having fun.” Well, I challenge that! Let’s live a life where we are mindful of both the good and not-so-good times, solution-focused instead of problem-focused, and where we can be content and satisfied, as a minimum! A life where even if there are storm clouds, we know how to make a few rainbows of our own until the sun comes out again.
(412) 899-2448 View (412) 899-2448
Photo of Cecilia Wishneski, MS, Pre-Licensed Professional
Cecilia Wishneski
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Bellevue, PA 15202
I believe that the counselor relationship serves to validate and to empower the client to live the life of their choosing. I approach counseling from a phenomenological perspective, recognizing that the client is the expert of their own experiences. I will work to understand, to collaborate, to guide the client by utilizing the tools in my toolbox and by highlighting the tools the client has in theirs.
I believe that the counselor relationship serves to validate and to empower the client to live the life of their choosing. I approach counseling from a phenomenological perspective, recognizing that the client is the expert of their own experiences. I will work to understand, to collaborate, to guide the client by utilizing the tools in my toolbox and by highlighting the tools the client has in theirs.
(412) 903-3985 View (412) 903-3985

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of undefined - Compass Counseling and Psychotherapy, LLC
Compass Counseling and Psychotherapy, LLC
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15202  (Online Only)
Depression, anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder and eating disorder are several specialties implemented.
At Compass Counseling and Psychotherapy, LLC our ideal clients are those who are receptive to working together as a team. The clients do not have to love or like therapy but should in some small way be focused on wanting to get some relief for the issue. The ideal clients also is one who can be honest during the sessions and try to understand that therapy can be successful if time and work is put into it. Compass, Clinicians also love providing family therapy and have done so for many years. We are a diverse group of mental health clinicians from various backgrounds, with several years experience providing therapy.
Depression, anxiety, post traumatic stress disorder and eating disorder are several specialties implemented.
At Compass Counseling and Psychotherapy, LLC our ideal clients are those who are receptive to working together as a team. The clients do not have to love or like therapy but should in some small way be focused on wanting to get some relief for the issue. The ideal clients also is one who can be honest during the sessions and try to understand that therapy can be successful if time and work is put into it. Compass, Clinicians also love providing family therapy and have done so for many years. We are a diverse group of mental health clinicians from various backgrounds, with several years experience providing therapy.
(201) 957-7392 View (201) 957-7392
Photo of Molly Maureen Alvord, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Molly Maureen Alvord
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15212  (Online Only)
Molly Alvord is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in Pennsylvania and Maryland with over 17 years of experience. Working in a variety of settings, Molly has had the pleasure of helping people of all ages and backgrounds by providing individual, couples, family, and group therapy. Her specialties include anxiety, stress, depression, and relationship issues. She earned her Masters of Social Work at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, School of Social Work.
Molly Alvord is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in Pennsylvania and Maryland with over 17 years of experience. Working in a variety of settings, Molly has had the pleasure of helping people of all ages and backgrounds by providing individual, couples, family, and group therapy. Her specialties include anxiety, stress, depression, and relationship issues. She earned her Masters of Social Work at the University of Maryland, Baltimore, School of Social Work.
(412) 207-3627 View (412) 207-3627
Photo of Cari Herschman, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cari Herschman
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15229
I work by partnering with teenagers, young adults, and adults who are seeking help with depression, anxiety, life transitions, mood disorders, grief, loss and relationship issues. I believe everyone can benefit from therapy, learning new coping skills, and changing unhealthy thought patterns. I am here to help you set goals and work to achieve them in a no-pressure, non-judgmental, and safe environment.
I work by partnering with teenagers, young adults, and adults who are seeking help with depression, anxiety, life transitions, mood disorders, grief, loss and relationship issues. I believe everyone can benefit from therapy, learning new coping skills, and changing unhealthy thought patterns. I am here to help you set goals and work to achieve them in a no-pressure, non-judgmental, and safe environment.
(717) 827-9938 View (717) 827-9938
Photo of Joseph H Altman, Psychologist
Joseph H Altman
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Avalon, PA 15202
I provide a positive, supportive, environment where clients have an opportunity to be heard, and to be healed of their emotional pain and fears. My approach is to meet people where they are and to encourage a shift in thinking from negative and fearful, to positive and hopeful. I specialize in the treatment of PTSD associated with childhood trauma, sexual abuse, losses and addictions. The goal is to help neutralize the anxiety, depression, guilt, shame and fears that are the symptoms of the trauma or addiction. The goal is to: "Learn to love, accept and forgive yourself because you are doing the best you can."
I provide a positive, supportive, environment where clients have an opportunity to be heard, and to be healed of their emotional pain and fears. My approach is to meet people where they are and to encourage a shift in thinking from negative and fearful, to positive and hopeful. I specialize in the treatment of PTSD associated with childhood trauma, sexual abuse, losses and addictions. The goal is to help neutralize the anxiety, depression, guilt, shame and fears that are the symptoms of the trauma or addiction. The goal is to: "Learn to love, accept and forgive yourself because you are doing the best you can."
(724) 505-4016 View (724) 505-4016
Photo of Cynthia B. Kinney, MSCP, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cynthia B. Kinney
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSCP, LPC
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15202  (Online Only)
Life during these times can be overwhelming. Multiple issues build up inside of us and can become compounded. We hold all of these stresses in our body and it is easy to feel anxious, depressed, sick and unhappy. I have extensive training and experience working with stress related issues, particularly work and family overload, chronic pain and illness, aging, dealing with the effects of Alzheimer's disease, and grief. I will help you to develop your inner strength and spirituality. We will explore your thoughts and feelings to solve your life problems and to use these skills so that you heal and thrive.
Life during these times can be overwhelming. Multiple issues build up inside of us and can become compounded. We hold all of these stresses in our body and it is easy to feel anxious, depressed, sick and unhappy. I have extensive training and experience working with stress related issues, particularly work and family overload, chronic pain and illness, aging, dealing with the effects of Alzheimer's disease, and grief. I will help you to develop your inner strength and spirituality. We will explore your thoughts and feelings to solve your life problems and to use these skills so that you heal and thrive.
(412) 455-7257 View (412) 455-7257
Photo of Delilah Miller
Delilah Miller
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15202  (Online Only)
I specialize in treating trauma, depression, anxiety, PTSD, relationships, career counseling, chronic pain, emotional disturbance and self-esteem.
Welcome to my practice! Here you will find a unique approach and perspective to healing trauma, finding direction, and experiencing a shift in your life. This approach and perspective embodies love, light, creativity, and perfection as YOU! My approach and work is born from years of deep emotional trauma and a process of intricate healing involving body, soul and spirit.
I specialize in treating trauma, depression, anxiety, PTSD, relationships, career counseling, chronic pain, emotional disturbance and self-esteem.
Welcome to my practice! Here you will find a unique approach and perspective to healing trauma, finding direction, and experiencing a shift in your life. This approach and perspective embodies love, light, creativity, and perfection as YOU! My approach and work is born from years of deep emotional trauma and a process of intricate healing involving body, soul and spirit.
(412) 790-2852 View (412) 790-2852
Photo of Ashlee Groover, MS, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ashlee Groover
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15229
I have experience working with adults, college-aged adults, adolescents struggling with severe mental illness (depression, anxiety, trauma) and substance use.
I currently have early morning openings for telehealth on Mon & Thurs! Understanding the unsettling feelings, emotions, and thoughts that you may be experiencing can be an incredibly complex task to grapple with on your own. It can feel even more daunting when you think of how to try and explain what is going on to someone else. I strive to provide a supportive and collaborative environment to assist you in taking the time to explore the things you seek to understand. My goal is to help you build your “mental tool box” with effective coping skills, confidence, and self-awareness to tackle any obstacle that is thrown your way.
I have experience working with adults, college-aged adults, adolescents struggling with severe mental illness (depression, anxiety, trauma) and substance use.
I currently have early morning openings for telehealth on Mon & Thurs! Understanding the unsettling feelings, emotions, and thoughts that you may be experiencing can be an incredibly complex task to grapple with on your own. It can feel even more daunting when you think of how to try and explain what is going on to someone else. I strive to provide a supportive and collaborative environment to assist you in taking the time to explore the things you seek to understand. My goal is to help you build your “mental tool box” with effective coping skills, confidence, and self-awareness to tackle any obstacle that is thrown your way.
(412) 520-7741 View (412) 520-7741
Photo of Sarah Maffei, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Sarah Maffei
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15233
I am passionate about working with anxiety, depression, pregnancy/postpartum, the childbearing years, infertility, self-worth, perfection, relationships, and shame.
Welcome! Change can be an exciting, yet overwhelming experience, so fortunately you don't have to go through the process alone. I believe in creating a safe, comfortable, and trusting environment - one in which you can be open to exploring those parts of yourself, your relationships, and your life that you no longer find satisfying. I feel strongly about developing a collaborative relationship with you, and about helping you see the choices you have to move toward an experience that is rewarding and gratifying. If you are unsure of where to begin, I am happy to assist you in that process.
I am passionate about working with anxiety, depression, pregnancy/postpartum, the childbearing years, infertility, self-worth, perfection, relationships, and shame.
Welcome! Change can be an exciting, yet overwhelming experience, so fortunately you don't have to go through the process alone. I believe in creating a safe, comfortable, and trusting environment - one in which you can be open to exploring those parts of yourself, your relationships, and your life that you no longer find satisfying. I feel strongly about developing a collaborative relationship with you, and about helping you see the choices you have to move toward an experience that is rewarding and gratifying. If you are unsure of where to begin, I am happy to assist you in that process.
(412) 489-0176 View (412) 489-0176
Photo of Richard States, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Richard States
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15204  (Online Only)
Since the early 1990s, I have worked with individuals, couple, and families across outpatient and inpatient settings, in homes and schools, and through telehealth. I have assisted people with a variety of challenges, including depression, stress and anxiety, trauma, behavioral dyscontrol, poor self-esteem, substance use, life transition, and other concerns. I really like helping people increase self-awareness, which fosters self-regulation of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. I want my clients to fully embrace life, chart their life course, and realize their dreams!
Since the early 1990s, I have worked with individuals, couple, and families across outpatient and inpatient settings, in homes and schools, and through telehealth. I have assisted people with a variety of challenges, including depression, stress and anxiety, trauma, behavioral dyscontrol, poor self-esteem, substance use, life transition, and other concerns. I really like helping people increase self-awareness, which fosters self-regulation of thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. I want my clients to fully embrace life, chart their life course, and realize their dreams!
(724) 200-8481 View (724) 200-8481
Photo of Jennifer Costa Hutchinson, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jennifer Costa Hutchinson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15229
Not accepting new clients. I believe therapy is a rewarding and challenging journey. Therapy can support you with overall health and wellness. Are you seeking more balance in your life? Would you like to be able to learn and utilize healthier coping skills to manage stress/anxiety/depression? The therapeutic process can meet you with where YOU are at in your life at this time. As you may be seeking a way to resolve a conflict within family or marriage or maybe you have never resolved issues from your past that are still causing you negative emotions in the present.
Not accepting new clients. I believe therapy is a rewarding and challenging journey. Therapy can support you with overall health and wellness. Are you seeking more balance in your life? Would you like to be able to learn and utilize healthier coping skills to manage stress/anxiety/depression? The therapeutic process can meet you with where YOU are at in your life at this time. As you may be seeking a way to resolve a conflict within family or marriage or maybe you have never resolved issues from your past that are still causing you negative emotions in the present.
(412) 818-8537 View (412) 818-8537
Photo of B Lindsay Corbett, MS, LPC, NCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
B Lindsay Corbett
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
McKees Rocks, PA 15136
If you are feeling emotionally unwell and struggling to cope with life’s difficulties, attending therapy can offer you support and guidance during these challenging times. Mental health challenges of depression, anxiety, grief, ADHD, high levels of stress, or self-esteem issues can impact your overall wellness and lead to not taking care of yourself. It is my mission to create a safe and supportive environment to assist you in self-discovery and healing. I will structure each session to your needs and we can create an action plan to help you feel equipped to cope with life’s adversities.
If you are feeling emotionally unwell and struggling to cope with life’s difficulties, attending therapy can offer you support and guidance during these challenging times. Mental health challenges of depression, anxiety, grief, ADHD, high levels of stress, or self-esteem issues can impact your overall wellness and lead to not taking care of yourself. It is my mission to create a safe and supportive environment to assist you in self-discovery and healing. I will structure each session to your needs and we can create an action plan to help you feel equipped to cope with life’s adversities.
(412) 547-9665 View (412) 547-9665
Photo of Kathy Rubright @the Mindful Oasis, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kathy Rubright @the Mindful Oasis
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15236  (Online Only)
My interests include relationship issues, communication, depression, anxiety, child loss, trauma, anger, grief, divorce, and personal fulfillment.
Are you feeling overwhelmed, scared or alone? Confused? Anxious? Terrified of what others may or not think of you? Are the walls closing in on you? You are not alone. We have all been there. Change is possible and attainable with the proper support, guidance, hope and most of all, healing. I am a board certified clinical licensed social worker. I earned my bachelor's degree in social work from Stonybrook University in New York State as well as a Master's in Social Work with a clinical emphasis from Adelphi University in New York State. I have been licensed in PA since 2009.
My interests include relationship issues, communication, depression, anxiety, child loss, trauma, anger, grief, divorce, and personal fulfillment.
Are you feeling overwhelmed, scared or alone? Confused? Anxious? Terrified of what others may or not think of you? Are the walls closing in on you? You are not alone. We have all been there. Change is possible and attainable with the proper support, guidance, hope and most of all, healing. I am a board certified clinical licensed social worker. I earned my bachelor's degree in social work from Stonybrook University in New York State as well as a Master's in Social Work with a clinical emphasis from Adelphi University in New York State. I have been licensed in PA since 2009.
(717) 942-9797 View (717) 942-9797
Photo of Hayley Rosen, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Hayley Rosen
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15202
My clients come to session ready to show up for themselves. They are open to learn and grow into their authentic selves. The majority of my clients have experienced traumatic events and come to me with feelings of anxiety/depression. Many are ready to learn to navigate stress, life transitions, and struggles within their relationships with others and themselves. I work within the LGBTQIA+ community and provide an open and inclusive space to help ensure feelings of acceptance, safety, and affirmation. As a member of the community I know the importance of this safe space.
My clients come to session ready to show up for themselves. They are open to learn and grow into their authentic selves. The majority of my clients have experienced traumatic events and come to me with feelings of anxiety/depression. Many are ready to learn to navigate stress, life transitions, and struggles within their relationships with others and themselves. I work within the LGBTQIA+ community and provide an open and inclusive space to help ensure feelings of acceptance, safety, and affirmation. As a member of the community I know the importance of this safe space.
(412) 534-5562 View (412) 534-5562
Photo of Clara H Gautier, PhD, Psychologist
Clara H Gautier
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15214
I am a clinical psychologist experienced in addressing anxiety, stress, depression, self esteem, relationship issues, adjustment to life changes, social isolation, trauma and PTSD, coping with pain and illnesses, and other challenges.
My aim is to form a supportive, accepting, and respectful relationship as the foundation for change. Through the development of new outlooks and skills, therapy can help us to get out of ruts, suffer less, enjoy more, and find life more satisfying.
I am a clinical psychologist experienced in addressing anxiety, stress, depression, self esteem, relationship issues, adjustment to life changes, social isolation, trauma and PTSD, coping with pain and illnesses, and other challenges.
My aim is to form a supportive, accepting, and respectful relationship as the foundation for change. Through the development of new outlooks and skills, therapy can help us to get out of ruts, suffer less, enjoy more, and find life more satisfying.
(412) 228-0706 View (412) 228-0706

See more therapy options for Bellevue

Depression Therapists

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognize and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioral activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.