Therapists in Arsenal, PA

Photo of Alecia V. Denillo, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Alecia V. Denillo
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSCP, LPC
Verified
Arsenal, PA 15201
Are you feeling the weight of the world on your shoulders? Are you overwhelmed by stress, anxiety, depression, substance use, and/or weight? Is this your first time considering counseling? You have already made a courageous step towards healing and change. I provide a calm and compassionate space where you can know yourself on a deeper level. With this new awareness, you will be empowered to look at different ways to manage life's challenges. I will join you on the journey towards a more fulfilling life of choice and empowerment. I utilize techniques from a variety of clinical perspectives and tailor my approach to each individual
Are you feeling the weight of the world on your shoulders? Are you overwhelmed by stress, anxiety, depression, substance use, and/or weight? Is this your first time considering counseling? You have already made a courageous step towards healing and change. I provide a calm and compassionate space where you can know yourself on a deeper level. With this new awareness, you will be empowered to look at different ways to manage life's challenges. I will join you on the journey towards a more fulfilling life of choice and empowerment. I utilize techniques from a variety of clinical perspectives and tailor my approach to each individual
(724) 717-2449 View (724) 717-2449
Photo of Arti Maharaj, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Arti Maharaj
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Arsenal, PA 15201
Arti Maharaj is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 10 years of experience in the mental health field. She is dedicated to her work in the field and is passionate in providing quality treatment for each of her clients struggles. She specializes in depression, anxiety, trauma, family and relationship issues. She offers individual, family, or couples therapy. Arti is also a certified yoga teacher and enjoys integrating the yogic practice into treatment with clients who are interested in an energetic and spiritual-based mental health treatment.
Arti Maharaj is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 10 years of experience in the mental health field. She is dedicated to her work in the field and is passionate in providing quality treatment for each of her clients struggles. She specializes in depression, anxiety, trauma, family and relationship issues. She offers individual, family, or couples therapy. Arti is also a certified yoga teacher and enjoys integrating the yogic practice into treatment with clients who are interested in an energetic and spiritual-based mental health treatment.
(412) 900-8445 View (412) 900-8445
Photo of Dominique Flint, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Dominique Flint
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Arsenal, PA 15201  (Online Only)
Dominique Flint is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 10 years of experience in the behavioral health field. She is excited to work with adults, parents, friends, and couples who are faced to manage unique challenges. Dominique specializes in treating anxiety, trauma, relationship issues, parenting issues, stress management, women's issues, racial/ethnic challenges, boundary setting and assertiveness skills, and emotional intelligence.
Dominique Flint is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) with over 10 years of experience in the behavioral health field. She is excited to work with adults, parents, friends, and couples who are faced to manage unique challenges. Dominique specializes in treating anxiety, trauma, relationship issues, parenting issues, stress management, women's issues, racial/ethnic challenges, boundary setting and assertiveness skills, and emotional intelligence.
(412) 387-6576 View (412) 387-6576
Photo of Rachel Anne Kramer, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Rachel Anne Kramer
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NBCC
Verified
Arsenal, PA 15201
If you are stuck feeling paralyzing anxiety, if you are unable to communicate the way you want to, if you are depressed and unsure how to get out of it, or unable to identify why something triggers you the way it does, therapy can be a useful tool for you. If you have trauma in your past and are unsure how it is impacting you or how to heal it, I can help. We all have difficulties in our lives and reaching out for help is not always the easiest thing to do. Therapy is a collaborative and private relationship where we can work together to help you identify what your needs and goals are and how to get there.
If you are stuck feeling paralyzing anxiety, if you are unable to communicate the way you want to, if you are depressed and unsure how to get out of it, or unable to identify why something triggers you the way it does, therapy can be a useful tool for you. If you have trauma in your past and are unsure how it is impacting you or how to heal it, I can help. We all have difficulties in our lives and reaching out for help is not always the easiest thing to do. Therapy is a collaborative and private relationship where we can work together to help you identify what your needs and goals are and how to get there.
(412) 324-7640 View (412) 324-7640
Photo of Quiet Retreat Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arsenal, PA
Quiet Retreat Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW
Verified
Arsenal, PA 15201
My goal in providing therapy is to promote a judgement free, non-anxious presence so that you can explore and grow in ways that feel right to you. By using a mix of traditional and trauma-informed therapy styles, we will work together towards healing and authenticity. Whether you struggle with abuse, discrimination, anxiety, depression, need to hone your coping skills or discover your future path, we are here for you. Discover a safe, confidential, and friendly place to explore issues that are close to your heart. You are cared for and loved.
My goal in providing therapy is to promote a judgement free, non-anxious presence so that you can explore and grow in ways that feel right to you. By using a mix of traditional and trauma-informed therapy styles, we will work together towards healing and authenticity. Whether you struggle with abuse, discrimination, anxiety, depression, need to hone your coping skills or discover your future path, we are here for you. Discover a safe, confidential, and friendly place to explore issues that are close to your heart. You are cared for and loved.
(724) 573-8992 View (724) 573-8992
Photo of Michelle Crawford, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arsenal, PA
Michelle Crawford
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Arsenal, PA 15201
Michelle is a Licensed Clinical Certified Social Worker (LCCSW) in Maryland and Pennsylvania. She is passionate about educating people about domestic violence, sexual assault, and human trafficking. Michelle works with adults with anxiety, depression, along with those with trauma.
Michelle is a Licensed Clinical Certified Social Worker (LCCSW) in Maryland and Pennsylvania. She is passionate about educating people about domestic violence, sexual assault, and human trafficking. Michelle works with adults with anxiety, depression, along with those with trauma.
(412) 684-6728 View (412) 684-6728
Photo of Jessica Gurley, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arsenal, PA
Jessica Gurley
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Arsenal, PA 15201  (Online Only)
Accepting NEW private pay Life Coaching clients ONLY (Daytime and night hours available 5pm to 9pm) I specialize in Trauma coaching, Anxiety, Divorce, career coaching & self-esteem issues. Nobody wants to live a life below their own values and expectations. I have an authentic therapeutic style & a system & person in environment approach. I believe when you help the parent you help the child or children, which helps that family & extended family, then community. I am very humanistic, holistic, & non-judgmental. Humans are complex & still need love, understanding, & valued even in the worse circumstances.
Accepting NEW private pay Life Coaching clients ONLY (Daytime and night hours available 5pm to 9pm) I specialize in Trauma coaching, Anxiety, Divorce, career coaching & self-esteem issues. Nobody wants to live a life below their own values and expectations. I have an authentic therapeutic style & a system & person in environment approach. I believe when you help the parent you help the child or children, which helps that family & extended family, then community. I am very humanistic, holistic, & non-judgmental. Humans are complex & still need love, understanding, & valued even in the worse circumstances.
(412) 838-3522 View (412) 838-3522

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Jenn Hudak, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Jenn Hudak
Licensed Professional Counselor, MSEd, LPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15201  (Online Only)
Hi! I’m so glad our paths have crossed. I’m guessing you’ve landed here because something in your life isn’t quite where you want it to be. Maybe you struggle with your relationships. Perhaps you feel misunderstood or invisible. Perhaps you have been hurt by someone, maybe even by a lot of people, and maybe repeatedly. Maybe you feel like life is just passing you by or wondering why life must be hard. Whatever the reason that brought you to therapy, I’m glad you’re here. I’m Jenn & it’s great to meet you. Therapy can be a scary prospect, and guess what? You’ve already taken a step toward confronting that fear. Go you!
Hi! I’m so glad our paths have crossed. I’m guessing you’ve landed here because something in your life isn’t quite where you want it to be. Maybe you struggle with your relationships. Perhaps you feel misunderstood or invisible. Perhaps you have been hurt by someone, maybe even by a lot of people, and maybe repeatedly. Maybe you feel like life is just passing you by or wondering why life must be hard. Whatever the reason that brought you to therapy, I’m glad you’re here. I’m Jenn & it’s great to meet you. Therapy can be a scary prospect, and guess what? You’ve already taken a step toward confronting that fear. Go you!
(724) 573-3864 View (724) 573-3864
Photo of Kyla Feliz-Williams, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Kyla Feliz-Williams
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, NCC, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15206  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Welcome! My goal as a clinician is to provide holistic support to clients as they navigate challenges, life transitions or improve areas of life. My approach centers around facilitating positive changes in emotions, thoughts, and behaviors, fostering a sense of comfort and security for folks to navigate their own healing journey alongside me. In our sessions, you can anticipate an engaging, relaxed, and collaborative telehealth atmosphere. I emphasize the importance of building a strong therapeutic relationship, as I believe it is crucial for achieving effective and lasting results.
Welcome! My goal as a clinician is to provide holistic support to clients as they navigate challenges, life transitions or improve areas of life. My approach centers around facilitating positive changes in emotions, thoughts, and behaviors, fostering a sense of comfort and security for folks to navigate their own healing journey alongside me. In our sessions, you can anticipate an engaging, relaxed, and collaborative telehealth atmosphere. I emphasize the importance of building a strong therapeutic relationship, as I believe it is crucial for achieving effective and lasting results.
(412) 453-8853 View (412) 453-8853
Photo of Cassandra Brenner, Psychologist in Arsenal, PA
Cassandra Brenner
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
I strive to provide a comfortable environment to make my clients feel at home. Whether you are coming to therapy for the first time or have tried therapy multiple times, you want to be comfortable and understood as well as to feel that you are going to be able to get out of therapy what you are looking for. That is the goal that I have for all of my clients. Please call/email for an appointment.
I strive to provide a comfortable environment to make my clients feel at home. Whether you are coming to therapy for the first time or have tried therapy multiple times, you want to be comfortable and understood as well as to feel that you are going to be able to get out of therapy what you are looking for. That is the goal that I have for all of my clients. Please call/email for an appointment.
(412) 545-5510 View (412) 545-5510
Photo of Amanda Ludwig -Becoming Whole Counseling Consulting, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Amanda Ludwig -Becoming Whole Counseling Consulting
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
Welcome to my page! I'm passionate first about listening well, and then secondly, guiding you through the change and transformation process. Maybe you have been struggling to feel hopeful. Or maybe you're confused about who you really are underneath the masks you wear. Perhaps you're noticing patterns in your life and you're not sure how to change. Or maybe you have experienced one too many losses and are struggling to grieve. I believe you are here because you're working up the courage to do something different. I believe you are here because you want to experience hope and healing.
Welcome to my page! I'm passionate first about listening well, and then secondly, guiding you through the change and transformation process. Maybe you have been struggling to feel hopeful. Or maybe you're confused about who you really are underneath the masks you wear. Perhaps you're noticing patterns in your life and you're not sure how to change. Or maybe you have experienced one too many losses and are struggling to grieve. I believe you are here because you're working up the courage to do something different. I believe you are here because you want to experience hope and healing.
(412) 534-5316 View (412) 534-5316
Photo of Amber Moskowitz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arsenal, PA
Amber Moskowitz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CCTP
Verified
2 Endorsed
East Liberty, PA 15206
Waitlist for new clients
I opened a mental health practice because after a decade working in traditional counseling settings, I am most drawn to supporting individuals interested in empathically instilling acceptance for themselves and the way they have learned to survive within their environment. I work best with teens and young adults who tend to over-think and want to lean to befriend their feelings. If you find yourself struggling with transitions, managing emotions or trusting yourself and others, I would be honored to support you in discovering ways to reduce tension and increase understanding around what your “symptoms” are trying to tell you.
I opened a mental health practice because after a decade working in traditional counseling settings, I am most drawn to supporting individuals interested in empathically instilling acceptance for themselves and the way they have learned to survive within their environment. I work best with teens and young adults who tend to over-think and want to lean to befriend their feelings. If you find yourself struggling with transitions, managing emotions or trusting yourself and others, I would be honored to support you in discovering ways to reduce tension and increase understanding around what your “symptoms” are trying to tell you.
(412) 435-1225 View (412) 435-1225
Photo of Dr. Shamima Akhter, Psychologist in Arsenal, PA
Dr. Shamima Akhter
Psychologist, PsyD, HSP
Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15213  (Online Only)
You're slamming the alarm clock; it was another night of broken sleep. Feeling drained and wishing for a moment of peace and happiness. You are giving to others when you're running low and rarely have time for yourself. Pressures and stress are piling up and weighing on your shoulders. You want to reach out for help but are scared of being vulnerable. At night when you lay down to sleep, the thoughts are racing and the worries return. All that you want is understanding, support, and acceptance.
You're slamming the alarm clock; it was another night of broken sleep. Feeling drained and wishing for a moment of peace and happiness. You are giving to others when you're running low and rarely have time for yourself. Pressures and stress are piling up and weighing on your shoulders. You want to reach out for help but are scared of being vulnerable. At night when you lay down to sleep, the thoughts are racing and the worries return. All that you want is understanding, support, and acceptance.
(814) 822-5285 View (814) 822-5285
Photo of Victoria Motter, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Victoria Motter
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15219  (Online Only)
Victoria Cruse Motter is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) who has over 25 years of experience assisting children, adolescents, and adults with a variety of issues, including family conflict issues, anxiety, depression, ADHD, low self-esteem, sexual abuse, substance use, chronic stress, trauma and PTSD, and women’s issues. She's provided counseling services in a variety of settings, including schools, autism centers, pre-schools, juvenile justice programs, and residential group homes for youth in CYS custody. Victoria earned her Master's Degree in Counseling from Pennsylvania State University.
Victoria Cruse Motter is a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) who has over 25 years of experience assisting children, adolescents, and adults with a variety of issues, including family conflict issues, anxiety, depression, ADHD, low self-esteem, sexual abuse, substance use, chronic stress, trauma and PTSD, and women’s issues. She's provided counseling services in a variety of settings, including schools, autism centers, pre-schools, juvenile justice programs, and residential group homes for youth in CYS custody. Victoria earned her Master's Degree in Counseling from Pennsylvania State University.
(412) 981-1612 View (412) 981-1612
Photo of Michelle Parmelee, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Michelle Parmelee
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15217
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor located in the Pittsburgh area. I offer an individualized and person-centered approach to therapy with the understanding that each individual or couple has a unique history that has shaped them into who they are in the present. By utilizing person-centered therapy and evidence-based approaches such as CBT and solution-focused therapies, I hope to provide my clients with the opportunity to identify areas where they need help, so we can then begin to work together and create positive change.
I am a Licensed Professional Counselor located in the Pittsburgh area. I offer an individualized and person-centered approach to therapy with the understanding that each individual or couple has a unique history that has shaped them into who they are in the present. By utilizing person-centered therapy and evidence-based approaches such as CBT and solution-focused therapies, I hope to provide my clients with the opportunity to identify areas where they need help, so we can then begin to work together and create positive change.
(412) 207-3652 View (412) 207-3652
Photo of Constance L Parker, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arsenal, PA
Constance L Parker
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MBA, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15219  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and DONA-trained Birth Doula, who has worked in maternal mental health, veteran health, and healthcare for unhoused individuals. I have experience working with those who are struggling with anxiety, depression, and the effects of sexual and race-based traumas.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) and DONA-trained Birth Doula, who has worked in maternal mental health, veteran health, and healthcare for unhoused individuals. I have experience working with those who are struggling with anxiety, depression, and the effects of sexual and race-based traumas.
(804) 567-8658 View (804) 567-8658
Photo of Howard Buckwold, Pre-Licensed Professional in Arsenal, PA
Howard Buckwold
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15232
Howard Buckwold is a Licensed Social Worker (LSW) who specializes in treating depression, anxiety, relationship issues, divorce, co-parenting, self-esteem, anger, grief in adults, adolescents, children, and families. Howard will create a personalized treatment plan that meets your specific needs, utilizing a person-centered/humanistic approach combined with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), psychodynamic, Gestalt, existential, and solution-focused therapeutic techniques.
Howard Buckwold is a Licensed Social Worker (LSW) who specializes in treating depression, anxiety, relationship issues, divorce, co-parenting, self-esteem, anger, grief in adults, adolescents, children, and families. Howard will create a personalized treatment plan that meets your specific needs, utilizing a person-centered/humanistic approach combined with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), psychodynamic, Gestalt, existential, and solution-focused therapeutic techniques.
(412) 990-1892 View (412) 990-1892
Photo of Alexa Stern, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Arsenal, PA
Alexa Stern
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
3 Endorsed
Pittsburgh, PA 15206
Waitlist for new clients
I utilize an embodied and integrated approach to support clients to heal from past wounds and improve current functioning. As a body-oriented therapist, I believe attending to posture, gesture, breath, tensions, voice, and movement can yield powerful insights and changes in how we experience ourselves and the world and facilitate the integration of body, mind and spirit toward fuller authentic living. Often, we need to encounter what we find within us to be deeply unacceptable, painful, and terrifying to be set free and transform. As a compassionate, supportive guide, I am humbled and honored to accompany my clients on this journey.
I utilize an embodied and integrated approach to support clients to heal from past wounds and improve current functioning. As a body-oriented therapist, I believe attending to posture, gesture, breath, tensions, voice, and movement can yield powerful insights and changes in how we experience ourselves and the world and facilitate the integration of body, mind and spirit toward fuller authentic living. Often, we need to encounter what we find within us to be deeply unacceptable, painful, and terrifying to be set free and transform. As a compassionate, supportive guide, I am humbled and honored to accompany my clients on this journey.
(724) 987-6963 View (724) 987-6963
Photo of Camden Bianco, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Camden Bianco
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
I know it can feel scary going to see a therapist. I realize that each client I see is coming to see me because something has been hard. I believe and have seen that out of great struggle there can be deep healing. It is a joy and honor for me to go with my clients down this road of healing. I hope to be a safe place for you to explore your story with support and compassion.
I know it can feel scary going to see a therapist. I realize that each client I see is coming to see me because something has been hard. I believe and have seen that out of great struggle there can be deep healing. It is a joy and honor for me to go with my clients down this road of healing. I hope to be a safe place for you to explore your story with support and compassion.
(412) 413-9117 View (412) 413-9117
Photo of Cassandra Good, Licensed Professional Counselor in Arsenal, PA
Cassandra Good
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS , LPC
Verified
Pittsburgh, PA 15203
My ideal client is someone who is coming to therapy wanting to connect the dots, find answers and understanding, and improve their current life experience. Their issues may focus on anxious feelings, depression, relationship issues, or difficulties with motivation. Their goals may reflect improving their quality of life, finding peace, and utilizing new, healthy coping skills.
My ideal client is someone who is coming to therapy wanting to connect the dots, find answers and understanding, and improve their current life experience. Their issues may focus on anxious feelings, depression, relationship issues, or difficulties with motivation. Their goals may reflect improving their quality of life, finding peace, and utilizing new, healthy coping skills.
(412) 328-2135 View (412) 328-2135

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Arsenal, PA

< 10

Therapists in Arsenal, PA who prioritize treating:

86% Relationship Issues
86% Anxiety
57% Trauma and PTSD
57% Coping Skills
57% Women's Issues
57% Life Transitions
43% Depression

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Highmark
86% BlueCross and BlueShield
57% Aetna

How Therapists in Arsenal, PA see their clients

72% In Person and Online
28% Online Only

Gender breakdown

86% Female
14% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Arsenal?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.