Therapists in Lake Oswego, OR

Photo of Gina L Mcwhorter, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lake Oswego, OR
Gina L Mcwhorter
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97035  (Online Only)
Gina is a skilled and compassionate provider specializing in traumatic stress, narcissistic abuse recovery, and highly sensitive persons. Through a psychodynamic, mindbody lens, she compassionately guides clients beyond defenses to connect with wholeness and peace.
Gina is a skilled and compassionate provider specializing in traumatic stress, narcissistic abuse recovery, and highly sensitive persons. Through a psychodynamic, mindbody lens, she compassionately guides clients beyond defenses to connect with wholeness and peace.
(458) 209-2309 View (458) 209-2309
Photo of Suzan Anson, Psychologist in Lake Oswego, OR
Suzan Anson
Psychologist, PhD, ATR
Verified
1 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97034  (Online Only)
My focus is to help empower you by helping you enhance your capacities and create meaningful change in your life. Clients want symptom relief, but also want to focus on problems preventing them from achieving their goals. You may want to resolve long-standing relationship or family issues and seek clarity and insight so as not to repeat negative patterns in the future. Many of my clients are suffering from occupational burnout, stress, and work/life imbalance. I work with clients in transition, due to unexpected life changes who are seeking relief and renewal.
My focus is to help empower you by helping you enhance your capacities and create meaningful change in your life. Clients want symptom relief, but also want to focus on problems preventing them from achieving their goals. You may want to resolve long-standing relationship or family issues and seek clarity and insight so as not to repeat negative patterns in the future. Many of my clients are suffering from occupational burnout, stress, and work/life imbalance. I work with clients in transition, due to unexpected life changes who are seeking relief and renewal.
(503) 386-0217 View (503) 386-0217
Photo of Dr. Joslyn C Armstrong, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern in Lake Oswego, OR
Dr. Joslyn C Armstrong
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, PhD
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97035  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I am looking for couple clients such as monogamous, heterosexual, queer and sexually fluid, trans, cohabitating, and married couples. Also, I specialize in racially diverse couples such as Black/African American, Latinx, Asian, and interracial/interethnic couples. The prominent presenting issues I work with couples on range from communication issues, conflict resolution, blended family stress to infidelity, and infertility. Then, for individual clients, I am looking for women and men clients, specially focusing on male, men of color, and women of color clients.
I am looking for couple clients such as monogamous, heterosexual, queer and sexually fluid, trans, cohabitating, and married couples. Also, I specialize in racially diverse couples such as Black/African American, Latinx, Asian, and interracial/interethnic couples. The prominent presenting issues I work with couples on range from communication issues, conflict resolution, blended family stress to infidelity, and infertility. Then, for individual clients, I am looking for women and men clients, specially focusing on male, men of color, and women of color clients.
(503) 744-6981 View (503) 744-6981
Photo of Gregory W Dy, Marriage & Family Therapist in Lake Oswego, OR
Gregory W Dy
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
3 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97034  (Online Only)
In my practice, I’ve dedicated significant focus to anxiety, depression, and relationship challenges. Whether you’re grappling with the enduring impact of childhood trauma on your adult relationships, functioning, and well-being, or navigating relationships with someone harmful, controlling, or narcissistic, I’m here to support you. If you’re seeking to restore connections within your family or with a partner, or are deeply concerned about your child, I offer guidance. Wrestling with guilt and shame? Let’s work together to navigate these struggles and alleviate the stress they bring. Your journey toward healing starts now!
In my practice, I’ve dedicated significant focus to anxiety, depression, and relationship challenges. Whether you’re grappling with the enduring impact of childhood trauma on your adult relationships, functioning, and well-being, or navigating relationships with someone harmful, controlling, or narcissistic, I’m here to support you. If you’re seeking to restore connections within your family or with a partner, or are deeply concerned about your child, I offer guidance. Wrestling with guilt and shame? Let’s work together to navigate these struggles and alleviate the stress they bring. Your journey toward healing starts now!
(510) 824-8472 View (510) 824-8472
Photo of Kokua Counseling PDX, LLC., Licensed Professional Counselor in Lake Oswego, OR
Kokua Counseling PDX, LLC.
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MS, MEd
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
My current appointment schedule is Monday through Friday, 9am to 1pm. I current do NOT offer afternoon (after 2pm), evening or weekend appointments. I welcome all unique challenges. I enjoy seeking a collaborative partnership with each client to discover a path to navigate everyday life events and challenges.
My current appointment schedule is Monday through Friday, 9am to 1pm. I current do NOT offer afternoon (after 2pm), evening or weekend appointments. I welcome all unique challenges. I enjoy seeking a collaborative partnership with each client to discover a path to navigate everyday life events and challenges.
(971) 252-7465 View (971) 252-7465
Photo of Meghan Pence, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Lake Oswego, OR
Meghan Pence
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
I am currently welcoming new clients! Looking for support takes courage, especially when life is challenging. If you’re feeling anxious, depressed or overwhelmed, you are not alone. If you are aching for connection, and longing to improve your relationships, you're in the right place! I help individuals and couples examine relational patterns and strengthen bonds. My goal is to provide a safe space for you to process your pain and heal your heart.
I am currently welcoming new clients! Looking for support takes courage, especially when life is challenging. If you’re feeling anxious, depressed or overwhelmed, you are not alone. If you are aching for connection, and longing to improve your relationships, you're in the right place! I help individuals and couples examine relational patterns and strengthen bonds. My goal is to provide a safe space for you to process your pain and heal your heart.
(503) 743-0611 View (503) 743-0611
Photo of Kushanthi Samaratunge, Psychologist in Lake Oswego, OR
Kushanthi Samaratunge
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
2 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
Do you feel that you and your family have been struggling lately? are you, or your family members struggling with anything that you are not certain how to deal with? No matter how much you have tried things seem to be the same or seem to be getting worse for you and your family? Do you feel accepted and understood?
Do you feel that you and your family have been struggling lately? are you, or your family members struggling with anything that you are not certain how to deal with? No matter how much you have tried things seem to be the same or seem to be getting worse for you and your family? Do you feel accepted and understood?
(503) 755-5511 View (503) 755-5511
Photo of Oregon Autism Evaluations LLC, Psychologist in Lake Oswego, OR
Oregon Autism Evaluations LLC
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
Am I on the autism spectrum? Does my teen have autism? These are questions Oregon Autism Evaluations LLC can help you answer. Matt Lundeberg, Psy.D. at Oregon Autism Evaluations LLC specializes in the psychological evaluation and treatment of autism spectrum disorder in adolescents and adults. Dr. Lundeberg considers gender differences in ASD presentations as part of the evaluation process. Additionally, while little consideration was made for masking and camouflaging in the past, Dr. Lundeberg is well trained and studied in the presentation of autism spectrum disorder in all gender expressions and identities.
Am I on the autism spectrum? Does my teen have autism? These are questions Oregon Autism Evaluations LLC can help you answer. Matt Lundeberg, Psy.D. at Oregon Autism Evaluations LLC specializes in the psychological evaluation and treatment of autism spectrum disorder in adolescents and adults. Dr. Lundeberg considers gender differences in ASD presentations as part of the evaluation process. Additionally, while little consideration was made for masking and camouflaging in the past, Dr. Lundeberg is well trained and studied in the presentation of autism spectrum disorder in all gender expressions and identities.
(971) 213-7421 View (971) 213-7421
Photo of Gregory C Czar, Psychologist in Lake Oswego, OR
Gregory C Czar
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
I approach therapy as a collaborative process with my clients identifying areas they want to improve then working with them toward achieving those goals. Whether in relation to managing general life stressors, family or relationship problems, addiction, mood or anxiety disturbance, sexually-related challenges, or employment issues, I conceptualize my role as supporting clients to identify, then enact the choices most likely to produce the changes they desire.
I approach therapy as a collaborative process with my clients identifying areas they want to improve then working with them toward achieving those goals. Whether in relation to managing general life stressors, family or relationship problems, addiction, mood or anxiety disturbance, sexually-related challenges, or employment issues, I conceptualize my role as supporting clients to identify, then enact the choices most likely to produce the changes they desire.
(503) 868-2650 View (503) 868-2650
Photo of Carolyn S Hughes, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Lake Oswego, OR
Carolyn S Hughes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97034  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I enjoy working with individuals who are seeking a real change in their life. Sometimes you are "tired of the rut I am in" or feeling that "something needs to change..I do not want to feel like this anymore." Sometimes you are struggling with "old issues" and sometimes it is more current stresses like anxiety, relationships, or just do not know what to do next; I believe when you are ready to make a change, having a supportive push can really work!
I enjoy working with individuals who are seeking a real change in their life. Sometimes you are "tired of the rut I am in" or feeling that "something needs to change..I do not want to feel like this anymore." Sometimes you are struggling with "old issues" and sometimes it is more current stresses like anxiety, relationships, or just do not know what to do next; I believe when you are ready to make a change, having a supportive push can really work!
(719) 387-0439 View (719) 387-0439
Photo of Holly Shumway MA, NCC, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lake Oswego, OR
Holly Shumway MA, NCC, LPC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC
Verified
3 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97035  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I help individuals, couples, and families achieve a sense of integrative wholeness by creating healthy connections for mind, body, and the emotional self to work effectively together rather than in opposition to one another. Often, the overlooked, the unspoken, and the unaccepted pieces of our inner selves prohibit our ability to experience a sense of wholeness. Personal challenges often become more manageable and approachable when the unknown is met with compassionate understanding.
I help individuals, couples, and families achieve a sense of integrative wholeness by creating healthy connections for mind, body, and the emotional self to work effectively together rather than in opposition to one another. Often, the overlooked, the unspoken, and the unaccepted pieces of our inner selves prohibit our ability to experience a sense of wholeness. Personal challenges often become more manageable and approachable when the unknown is met with compassionate understanding.
(503) 766-5491 View (503) 766-5491
Photo of Larry Conner, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lake Oswego, OR
Larry Conner
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LLC
Verified
3 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97035  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Over the last 36 years I have been grateful to be able to help many people with the anxieties of life. I have also helped to resolve couples' conflict, to heal guilt and shame, to manage loss, to heal relationships with living or deceased parents, and to lighten spiritual burdens. A good portion of my practice has been focused on long term recovery from addictions to alcohol, drugs, or sex. I have worked extensively with anxiety, depression, grief, ADD, OCD, trauma, and divorce, and I provide counseling for family-owned businesses. Please read more about my approach to counseling at www.larryconnercounseling.com.
Over the last 36 years I have been grateful to be able to help many people with the anxieties of life. I have also helped to resolve couples' conflict, to heal guilt and shame, to manage loss, to heal relationships with living or deceased parents, and to lighten spiritual burdens. A good portion of my practice has been focused on long term recovery from addictions to alcohol, drugs, or sex. I have worked extensively with anxiety, depression, grief, ADD, OCD, trauma, and divorce, and I provide counseling for family-owned businesses. Please read more about my approach to counseling at www.larryconnercounseling.com.
(503) 446-1184 View (503) 446-1184
Photo of Johanna Courtleigh, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lake Oswego, OR
Johanna Courtleigh
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97035  (Online Only)
Most of us grew up learning who we were somehow wasn't quite okay. To cope and survive, we adopted a false self to gain the approval of others and minimize the pain we were in. Healing is the process of recovering the true self, so we can begin to live authentically and thrive. As you become aware of and reclaim the parts of yourself that you have repressed, numbed or disowned, you are able to move toward a deeper sense of self-love, awareness, personal empowerment, ease and integrity--internally, and in your relationships with others.
Most of us grew up learning who we were somehow wasn't quite okay. To cope and survive, we adopted a false self to gain the approval of others and minimize the pain we were in. Healing is the process of recovering the true self, so we can begin to live authentically and thrive. As you become aware of and reclaim the parts of yourself that you have repressed, numbed or disowned, you are able to move toward a deeper sense of self-love, awareness, personal empowerment, ease and integrity--internally, and in your relationships with others.
(503) 567-4617 View (503) 567-4617
Photo of Deborah A Johanson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Lake Oswego, OR
Deborah A Johanson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
Limited Openings: My passion has always been to work with people; and I love what I do! By the time a person/couple comes to me, she/he is usually experiencing discomfort, has run out of ideas, and needs help. My favorite client is the one who recognizes this need and has the desire to make change happen. It takes courage to risk involving an unknown person in such an intimate process; and it takes courage to change. I have 25 years experience helping clients with concerns including sex and intimacy, relationship needs, transitional change, personal growth, behavioral difficulties, mood disorders, grief, and others.
Limited Openings: My passion has always been to work with people; and I love what I do! By the time a person/couple comes to me, she/he is usually experiencing discomfort, has run out of ideas, and needs help. My favorite client is the one who recognizes this need and has the desire to make change happen. It takes courage to risk involving an unknown person in such an intimate process; and it takes courage to change. I have 25 years experience helping clients with concerns including sex and intimacy, relationship needs, transitional change, personal growth, behavioral difficulties, mood disorders, grief, and others.
(503) 966-3912 View (503) 966-3912
Photo of Erika Doty, Psychologist in Lake Oswego, OR
Erika Doty
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97034
Seeking to empower children, teens & their families, Dr. Erika Doty works in conjunction with patients' pediatricians, educators, & parents to maximize treatment gains while encouraging collaborative care. Dr. Doty is a licensed clinical child psychologist in the state of Oregon who specializes in providing evidence-based psychoeducational and neurodevelopmental assessments to evaluate for ADHD, Learning Disorders (i.e., Dyslexia), social/emotional concerns (i.e., anxiety) & other concerns in youth ages 6-22 years old. Dr. Doty also provides short-term, evidence-based treatment, with a specialty in CBIT for tics and Tourettes.
Seeking to empower children, teens & their families, Dr. Erika Doty works in conjunction with patients' pediatricians, educators, & parents to maximize treatment gains while encouraging collaborative care. Dr. Doty is a licensed clinical child psychologist in the state of Oregon who specializes in providing evidence-based psychoeducational and neurodevelopmental assessments to evaluate for ADHD, Learning Disorders (i.e., Dyslexia), social/emotional concerns (i.e., anxiety) & other concerns in youth ages 6-22 years old. Dr. Doty also provides short-term, evidence-based treatment, with a specialty in CBIT for tics and Tourettes.
(503) 862-2026 View (503) 862-2026
Photo of Dr. Nicole La Verne, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lake Oswego, OR
Dr. Nicole La Verne
Licensed Professional Counselor, PsyD, LPC, MAC, CADCIII, ACS
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
Is life becoming challenging, overwhelming, confusing, unfair, and more? I understand! I have over 28 years of experience supporting people struggling with a variety of issues - depression, anxiety, addiction, trauma & PTSD, grief & loss, life changes, abuse, and more. I personally and professionally understand the dynamics that accompany many of these life challenges.
Is life becoming challenging, overwhelming, confusing, unfair, and more? I understand! I have over 28 years of experience supporting people struggling with a variety of issues - depression, anxiety, addiction, trauma & PTSD, grief & loss, life changes, abuse, and more. I personally and professionally understand the dynamics that accompany many of these life challenges.
(503) 342-7764 View (503) 342-7764
Photo of Libby Schwartz, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lake Oswego, OR
Libby Schwartz
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97035  (Online Only)
Sometimes life can feel overwhelming. An unexpected event can suddenly throw everything off balance, or many smaller stresses can build up until it seems impossible to cope with them. These places can feel especially demoralizing if they challenge your self-efficacy--your ability to cope with problems on your own. You are not alone. At times, everyone needs help navigating through life's passages. I believe we all have the capacity to find a deeper, more meaningful life. I can work with you to help you regain your footing to continue your journey stronger than you were before.
Sometimes life can feel overwhelming. An unexpected event can suddenly throw everything off balance, or many smaller stresses can build up until it seems impossible to cope with them. These places can feel especially demoralizing if they challenge your self-efficacy--your ability to cope with problems on your own. You are not alone. At times, everyone needs help navigating through life's passages. I believe we all have the capacity to find a deeper, more meaningful life. I can work with you to help you regain your footing to continue your journey stronger than you were before.
(503) 272-6204 View (503) 272-6204
Photo of Jesse Johnson, Clinical Social Work Associate in Lake Oswego, OR
Jesse Johnson
Clinical Social Work Associate, CSWA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
You are here. So, you are motivated to make change! I currently have openings available for new clients. I know life is challenging! It brings many hardships and sometimes, we might need a little support navigating them. My goal is to create a safe space where we can be open, honest, and authentic in our communication, and work collaboratively together to navigate the obstacles preventing you from reaching your full potential. I have experience working with teens and adults. I offer support in a wide range of issues including anxiety, coping skills, family relationship concerns, men issues, racial identity, and trauma.
You are here. So, you are motivated to make change! I currently have openings available for new clients. I know life is challenging! It brings many hardships and sometimes, we might need a little support navigating them. My goal is to create a safe space where we can be open, honest, and authentic in our communication, and work collaboratively together to navigate the obstacles preventing you from reaching your full potential. I have experience working with teens and adults. I offer support in a wide range of issues including anxiety, coping skills, family relationship concerns, men issues, racial identity, and trauma.
(503) 461-1261 View (503) 461-1261
Photo of Robert Field, Psychologist in Lake Oswego, OR
Robert Field
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
As a psychologist specializing in children and adolescents I am best suited to provide a clear idea of problems, developing an effective treatment plan, working with families, schools and other support services to create effective positive change. Only by focusing on parents' concerns, supporting their parenting style can satisfactory treatment occur.
As a psychologist specializing in children and adolescents I am best suited to provide a clear idea of problems, developing an effective treatment plan, working with families, schools and other support services to create effective positive change. Only by focusing on parents' concerns, supporting their parenting style can satisfactory treatment occur.
(925) 326-4845 View (925) 326-4845
Photo of Greg Douglas, Licensed Professional Counselor in Lake Oswego, OR
Greg Douglas
Licensed Professional Counselor, LMHC, LPC, MEd
Verified
1 Endorsed
Lake Oswego, OR 97035
Are you looking for relationship help? Do you find yourself having the same basic argument over and over again with no resolution? You aren't alone! Couples from all walks of life struggle to rebuild trust, resolve conflict, gain understanding, and meet each other's needs. You want to do everything you can to save your relationship, but aren't sure how to get started. At Douglas Counseling we have helped hundreds of couples repair their bond and create a healthier and more successful relationship. If you've been struggling to make things better in your relationship and are ready to get real results, Douglas Counseling can help.
Are you looking for relationship help? Do you find yourself having the same basic argument over and over again with no resolution? You aren't alone! Couples from all walks of life struggle to rebuild trust, resolve conflict, gain understanding, and meet each other's needs. You want to do everything you can to save your relationship, but aren't sure how to get started. At Douglas Counseling we have helped hundreds of couples repair their bond and create a healthier and more successful relationship. If you've been struggling to make things better in your relationship and are ready to get real results, Douglas Counseling can help.
(503) 388-6611 View (503) 388-6611

See more therapy options for Lake Oswego

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Lake Oswego, OR

400+

Average cost per session

$160

Therapists in Lake Oswego, OR who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
86% Depression
83% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
70% Trauma and PTSD
70% Stress
69% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

57% PacificSource
47% Aetna
43% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Lake Oswego, OR see their clients

64% In Person and Online
36% Online Only

Gender breakdown

77% Female
22% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Lake Oswego?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.