Therapists in Jackson County, OR

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Photo of Alexander Counseling Center, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Alexander Counseling Center
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC, QMHP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eagle Point, OR 97524  (Online Only)
Emotional and psychological suffering often prevents a person from achieving happiness and experiencing a more rewarding outlook on life. Our therapists are highly skilled in addressing a wide variety of mental wellness concerns to help remove blocks to your happiness. Current therapists on staff are: Gina Messina Peitz, Shelby Hale, Melinda Lanning, Miranda Wheeler, and RuthAnne Alexander.
Emotional and psychological suffering often prevents a person from achieving happiness and experiencing a more rewarding outlook on life. Our therapists are highly skilled in addressing a wide variety of mental wellness concerns to help remove blocks to your happiness. Current therapists on staff are: Gina Messina Peitz, Shelby Hale, Melinda Lanning, Miranda Wheeler, and RuthAnne Alexander.
(541) 526-5431 View (541) 526-5431
Photo of Kevin Christopher Carr, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Kevin Christopher Carr
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA
Verified Verified
Medford, OR 97504  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I enjoy people, and get great satisfaction out of helping folks work through the knots and tangles of this life. My ideal client is someone who is trying to move through a period of pain or confusion, and has lost a sense of direction or confidence in the ability to move forward. I am drawn to help with difficulties in family relationships - between couples of all genders, parents and children, adults and their parents, and those coping with substance abuse, or family members in the grip of substance abuse.
I enjoy people, and get great satisfaction out of helping folks work through the knots and tangles of this life. My ideal client is someone who is trying to move through a period of pain or confusion, and has lost a sense of direction or confidence in the ability to move forward. I am drawn to help with difficulties in family relationships - between couples of all genders, parents and children, adults and their parents, and those coping with substance abuse, or family members in the grip of substance abuse.
(541) 210-8091 View (541) 210-8091
Photo of Akiva DeJack, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Akiva DeJack
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Ashland, OR 97520
I have been a psychotherapist for over 30 years, so my practice has both depth and breadth. I have much experience working with depression and anxiety, addictions and recovery, all types of trauma, and relationship issues of all kinds. I welcome LGBTQ+ individuals, folx from non-dominant cultural backgrounds, and I enjoy working with individuals, couples, "pods," and families. My goal is the empowerment of everyone I serve.
I have been a psychotherapist for over 30 years, so my practice has both depth and breadth. I have much experience working with depression and anxiety, addictions and recovery, all types of trauma, and relationship issues of all kinds. I welcome LGBTQ+ individuals, folx from non-dominant cultural backgrounds, and I enjoy working with individuals, couples, "pods," and families. My goal is the empowerment of everyone I serve.
(541) 204-2992 View (541) 204-2992
Photo of Ania Zurek, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jackson County, OR
Ania Zurek
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Medford, OR 97501
Not accepting new clients
My hope is to support clients in developing a stronger and healthier sense of self while increasing access and understanding to their feelings. Sometimes life becomes too difficult to manage and we need a little support to get us back to where we feel good again. By reframing our experience and learning new ways of thinking about it, we are able to gain insight and meaning. Using a humanistic approach and positive psychology, the focus is on helping clients reach their goals, highlight their strengths, and honor their experience.
My hope is to support clients in developing a stronger and healthier sense of self while increasing access and understanding to their feelings. Sometimes life becomes too difficult to manage and we need a little support to get us back to where we feel good again. By reframing our experience and learning new ways of thinking about it, we are able to gain insight and meaning. Using a humanistic approach and positive psychology, the focus is on helping clients reach their goals, highlight their strengths, and honor their experience.
(541) 526-9576 View (541) 526-9576
Photo of Rogue Therapy, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Rogue Therapy
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Medford, OR 97504
My work centers around helping people heal from trauma, grief, and other life circumstances that have caused difficulty in one's life. I help my clients explore behavior, thoughts and feelings, relationships, values, and strengths. I am trained in CBT, DBT and have experience in various other modalities.
My work centers around helping people heal from trauma, grief, and other life circumstances that have caused difficulty in one's life. I help my clients explore behavior, thoughts and feelings, relationships, values, and strengths. I am trained in CBT, DBT and have experience in various other modalities.
(458) 220-5933 View (458) 220-5933
Photo of Nicole Pilgrim, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jackson County, OR
Nicole Pilgrim
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Ashland, OR 97520
Humans are capable of accomplishing amazing feats. We all struggle with challenges, many of which present an awesome opportunity for adaptation, introspection, and growth. It is natural to seek support and counsel to navigate these challenges. I am honored to partner with clients in achieving their goals for unearthing new clarity, learning new coping tools, healing past hurts, and generally feeling better. Much of my experience comes from working with grief, chronic illness, chronic pain, dementia, depression, anxiety and life transitions such as death, birth, and divorce.
Humans are capable of accomplishing amazing feats. We all struggle with challenges, many of which present an awesome opportunity for adaptation, introspection, and growth. It is natural to seek support and counsel to navigate these challenges. I am honored to partner with clients in achieving their goals for unearthing new clarity, learning new coping tools, healing past hurts, and generally feeling better. Much of my experience comes from working with grief, chronic illness, chronic pain, dementia, depression, anxiety and life transitions such as death, birth, and divorce.
(541) 625-1403 View (541) 625-1403
Photo of Jentry Holthus, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Jentry Holthus
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Medford, OR 97504  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
My clients present with a variety of concerns including mood concerns, needs for healthy coping tools, substance use issues, goals for improving relationships, and processing through trauma history. I offer individual, couples, and family counseling and use a variety of research-based methods including DBT, CBT, Person-Centered Therapy, Addictions Counseling, Trauma-Informed Counseling, and others in order to support those who wish to explore their strengths and weaknesses, explore potential for change, and put change plans into action. I also have a history of work with individuals dealing with psychosis and other disabilities.
My clients present with a variety of concerns including mood concerns, needs for healthy coping tools, substance use issues, goals for improving relationships, and processing through trauma history. I offer individual, couples, and family counseling and use a variety of research-based methods including DBT, CBT, Person-Centered Therapy, Addictions Counseling, Trauma-Informed Counseling, and others in order to support those who wish to explore their strengths and weaknesses, explore potential for change, and put change plans into action. I also have a history of work with individuals dealing with psychosis and other disabilities.
(458) 209-3082 View (458) 209-3082
Photo of Maggie McCarron, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Maggie McCarron
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, MS
Verified Verified
Medford, OR 97501  (Online Only)
I currently am only offering Telehealth. I am passionate about helping individuals thrive in life and overcome barriers that have been keeping them stuck preventing vitality and abundance. Every person is unique, which means I work personally with you to understand who you are, what goals you have and what you are looking for in therapy to help your life get back on track. My hope is to offer a safe space for you to accomplish this by gaining a deeper understanding and awareness of yourself. These understandings come from evidenced based depth models including psychodynamic, attachment based, and behavioral therapies.
I currently am only offering Telehealth. I am passionate about helping individuals thrive in life and overcome barriers that have been keeping them stuck preventing vitality and abundance. Every person is unique, which means I work personally with you to understand who you are, what goals you have and what you are looking for in therapy to help your life get back on track. My hope is to offer a safe space for you to accomplish this by gaining a deeper understanding and awareness of yourself. These understandings come from evidenced based depth models including psychodynamic, attachment based, and behavioral therapies.
(541) 243-5964 View (541) 243-5964
Photo of Michael J. Mesmer, Marriage & Family Therapist in Jackson County, OR
Michael J. Mesmer
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, MFT
Verified Verified
Ashland, OR 97520
Alternatives increase our choices in life. Alternative psychotherapy considers all aspects of living, including work, lifestyle and spiritual practice, as well as thoughts and feelings, in healing our mind, body and spirit.
Alternatives increase our choices in life. Alternative psychotherapy considers all aspects of living, including work, lifestyle and spiritual practice, as well as thoughts and feelings, in healing our mind, body and spirit.
(458) 231-8560 View (458) 231-8560
Photo of Lorie Tensen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jackson County, OR
Lorie Tensen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Medford, OR 97501  (Online Only)
Accepting new clients! Crone: wisdom & inner knowing. My evolution as a therapist began at 50: entering grad school after divorce & an empty nest. Today, I call this "Midlife Mastery". My service in life is educating folks about menopause. midlife, mental health and mastering midlife! Aging is a privilege and we have a choice: stay stuck in the past or navigate the future with vibrancy, goals for obtaining personal joy and inner peace. I enjoy working with adults - providing solution focused, goal oriented support as you navigate the midlife and aging journey.
Accepting new clients! Crone: wisdom & inner knowing. My evolution as a therapist began at 50: entering grad school after divorce & an empty nest. Today, I call this "Midlife Mastery". My service in life is educating folks about menopause. midlife, mental health and mastering midlife! Aging is a privilege and we have a choice: stay stuck in the past or navigate the future with vibrancy, goals for obtaining personal joy and inner peace. I enjoy working with adults - providing solution focused, goal oriented support as you navigate the midlife and aging journey.
(541) 204-2989 View (541) 204-2989
Photo of Elizabeth Ann Van Driel, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Elizabeth Ann Van Driel
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Medford, OR 97504
Maybe you are on the verge of something…big, scary, exhilarating, distressing. Are you looking for some support to take a leap of faith? Has life brought you to a crossroads you are unsure how to navigate? My passion is helping adults facing challenges during life transitions such as employment change, relocation, divorce, empty nest, health. I can work with you to transform challenges into exciting discoveries of self. I like to refer to this as resilience. Resilience is not a trait that people either have or do not have. Anyone can develop and nurture resilience. Resilience is not magic; it is a state of being.
Maybe you are on the verge of something…big, scary, exhilarating, distressing. Are you looking for some support to take a leap of faith? Has life brought you to a crossroads you are unsure how to navigate? My passion is helping adults facing challenges during life transitions such as employment change, relocation, divorce, empty nest, health. I can work with you to transform challenges into exciting discoveries of self. I like to refer to this as resilience. Resilience is not a trait that people either have or do not have. Anyone can develop and nurture resilience. Resilience is not magic; it is a state of being.
(458) 218-8201 View (458) 218-8201
Photo of Boyd Sherbourne, Psychologist in Jackson County, OR
Boyd Sherbourne
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Medford, OR 97504
Let me help you live your life with purpose and fulfillment. I provide a compassionate and nonjudgmental approach to the therapeutic process. I have over twenty years of experience in the field of psychology. I have experience treating a number of emotional and behavioral issues. My ideal client is one who is motivated in regard to the psychotherapy process. An individual who is open and willing to commit an agreed amount of time to participate in some intense psychotherapy to reduce symptoms or gain insight.
Let me help you live your life with purpose and fulfillment. I provide a compassionate and nonjudgmental approach to the therapeutic process. I have over twenty years of experience in the field of psychology. I have experience treating a number of emotional and behavioral issues. My ideal client is one who is motivated in regard to the psychotherapy process. An individual who is open and willing to commit an agreed amount of time to participate in some intense psychotherapy to reduce symptoms or gain insight.
(541) 516-1643 View (541) 516-1643
Photo of Wende Wolfe, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Wende Wolfe
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Central Point, OR 97502  (Online Only)
As a therapist who solely works with women, I am keenly aware of the unique needs that evolve during each phase of our lives. I realize that as we encounter our own personal ups and downs that our emotions, family, work/finances, relationships, activities, and goals often feel the effects as well. Truly being listened to by another person is precious and often uncommon. When it happens, we feel its power through understanding and respect. Once this takes place, amazing things happen...authentic communication, freedom from negative thoughts, healing, contentment, courage, and strategies for growth.
As a therapist who solely works with women, I am keenly aware of the unique needs that evolve during each phase of our lives. I realize that as we encounter our own personal ups and downs that our emotions, family, work/finances, relationships, activities, and goals often feel the effects as well. Truly being listened to by another person is precious and often uncommon. When it happens, we feel its power through understanding and respect. Once this takes place, amazing things happen...authentic communication, freedom from negative thoughts, healing, contentment, courage, and strategies for growth.
(504) 372-0939 View (504) 372-0939
Photo of Rising Phoenix Counseling Services, LLC, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Rising Phoenix Counseling Services, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, CETP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Medford, OR 97504  (Online Only)
With every situation comes the choice for self-growth and rising above the ashes by igniting a need for change. These times may seem intense and unmanageable, but with the proper support many of these unmanageable situations can become the beacon of change to a new stage of life. By creating a strong therapeutic alliance, the development of your new chosen self can begin. Our goal is to empower you to make the choice of how you want to see your life while creating an individualized environment to help you reach your goals for you are the expert of you.
With every situation comes the choice for self-growth and rising above the ashes by igniting a need for change. These times may seem intense and unmanageable, but with the proper support many of these unmanageable situations can become the beacon of change to a new stage of life. By creating a strong therapeutic alliance, the development of your new chosen self can begin. Our goal is to empower you to make the choice of how you want to see your life while creating an individualized environment to help you reach your goals for you are the expert of you.
(541) 226-3654 View (541) 226-3654
Photo of Lisa Allred, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jackson County, OR
Lisa Allred
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Medford, OR 97501  (Online Only)
If the ups and downs are overwhelming, you are in the right place. This is down to earth, modern therapy where you will explore who you are, where you have been, and more importantly, where you want to go. Mood related issues do not have to keep you from living life in a way that is meaningful to you. As we find your patterns and best ways to navigate daily living, you will using the strengths you already have to build a life you want, according to you. When we live in according to what is important to us, the world feels different and there is room for experiences and perspectives that we are looking for.
If the ups and downs are overwhelming, you are in the right place. This is down to earth, modern therapy where you will explore who you are, where you have been, and more importantly, where you want to go. Mood related issues do not have to keep you from living life in a way that is meaningful to you. As we find your patterns and best ways to navigate daily living, you will using the strengths you already have to build a life you want, according to you. When we live in according to what is important to us, the world feels different and there is room for experiences and perspectives that we are looking for.
(541) 588-3842 View (541) 588-3842
Photo of Kimberly Azure Samuels, Pre-Licensed Professional in Jackson County, OR
Kimberly Azure Samuels
Pre-Licensed Professional, LPCA
Verified Verified
Jacksonville, OR 97530  (Online Only)
My mission is to create a welcoming, nonjudgmental space where clients feel safe to express their most authentic self. My therapeutic focus lies in exploring how relational wounds reverberate through our lives, shaping our interactions with others, our self-perception, and our belief systems. Through the exploration of interpersonal and behavioral patterns, clients come to understand how their historical experiences have programmed their nervous system in trapped patterns of fight, flight, or freeze; a reactionary loop that impedes personal growth. A dysregulated nervous system can cause anxiety, panic attacks, depression, and more.
My mission is to create a welcoming, nonjudgmental space where clients feel safe to express their most authentic self. My therapeutic focus lies in exploring how relational wounds reverberate through our lives, shaping our interactions with others, our self-perception, and our belief systems. Through the exploration of interpersonal and behavioral patterns, clients come to understand how their historical experiences have programmed their nervous system in trapped patterns of fight, flight, or freeze; a reactionary loop that impedes personal growth. A dysregulated nervous system can cause anxiety, panic attacks, depression, and more.
(541) 919-5213 View (541) 919-5213
Photo of Victoria M Bones, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Jackson County, OR
Victoria M Bones
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, QMHP
Verified Verified
Medford, OR 97501
Accepting New Clients. Victoria M Bones, LCSW, ACHP-SW is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 30 years of experience and training. She received her Master's Degree in Social Work from the University of Nebraska at Omaha in 1978. Victoria has extensive knowledge and understanding of those who have survived life altering events such as emotional, physical and sexual abuse as well as other traumatic situations. She has been a long time advocate for children, adolescents and adults. She is in private practice in Medford & Ashland Oregon.
Accepting New Clients. Victoria M Bones, LCSW, ACHP-SW is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 30 years of experience and training. She received her Master's Degree in Social Work from the University of Nebraska at Omaha in 1978. Victoria has extensive knowledge and understanding of those who have survived life altering events such as emotional, physical and sexual abuse as well as other traumatic situations. She has been a long time advocate for children, adolescents and adults. She is in private practice in Medford & Ashland Oregon.
(541) 204-2855 View (541) 204-2855
Photo of Olivia Parrish in Jackson County, OR
Olivia Parrish
RN, BS
Verified Verified
Ashland, OR 97520
My psychological counseling approach is an in depth, psychodynamic, very engaged therapeutic relationship that addresses the body/mind connection both verbally and somatically. It is known in medical research that we hold our feelings in our body and as stress and tension build up, we have problems and symptoms that respond to therapeutic intervention. When our emotions go unheard, unexpressed, or even unfelt, our symptoms can worsen over time, developing our personal and interpersonal problems and often actual disease and disorders - such as pain, insomnia, muscle tensions, and indigestion.
My psychological counseling approach is an in depth, psychodynamic, very engaged therapeutic relationship that addresses the body/mind connection both verbally and somatically. It is known in medical research that we hold our feelings in our body and as stress and tension build up, we have problems and symptoms that respond to therapeutic intervention. When our emotions go unheard, unexpressed, or even unfelt, our symptoms can worsen over time, developing our personal and interpersonal problems and often actual disease and disorders - such as pain, insomnia, muscle tensions, and indigestion.
(415) 985-1196 View (415) 985-1196
Photo of Michael J. Rhoades, Drug & Alcohol Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Michael J. Rhoades
Drug & Alcohol Counselor, MS, LPF, CADCIII, BHCC, NCC
Verified Verified
Ashland, OR 97520
I now offer Psilocybin Experiencing and Micro Dosing. Research has shown and I have seen treatment resistant addiction conditions respond rapidly to psilocybin treatment, often in one session! I also provide assistance in dealing with what triggers your cravings, repair of relationships, and healing of traumas that resulted from using or may have contributed to beginning using in the first place. I also work with complicated grief from the loss of a loved one to overdose, suicide, or other traumatic losses. I have over 50 years of personal recovery.
I now offer Psilocybin Experiencing and Micro Dosing. Research has shown and I have seen treatment resistant addiction conditions respond rapidly to psilocybin treatment, often in one session! I also provide assistance in dealing with what triggers your cravings, repair of relationships, and healing of traumas that resulted from using or may have contributed to beginning using in the first place. I also work with complicated grief from the loss of a loved one to overdose, suicide, or other traumatic losses. I have over 50 years of personal recovery.
(541) 625-1159 View (541) 625-1159
Photo of Celeste Hettman, Licensed Professional Counselor in Jackson County, OR
Celeste Hettman
Licensed Professional Counselor, QMHP-R, MS, NCC
Verified Verified
Central Point, OR 97502  (Online Only)
Imagine a day where you trust yourself. You trust your body. You eat and move your body intuitively. You effectively cope with the stresses of life, unimpeded by past trauma or experiences of anxiety or depression. You enjoy supportive relationships and are actively achieving your life goals. You are living a life in alignment with your values instead of doubts. This is the future I envision for you and what I would like to help you work towards.
Imagine a day where you trust yourself. You trust your body. You eat and move your body intuitively. You effectively cope with the stresses of life, unimpeded by past trauma or experiences of anxiety or depression. You enjoy supportive relationships and are actively achieving your life goals. You are living a life in alignment with your values instead of doubts. This is the future I envision for you and what I would like to help you work towards.
(541) 209-3672 View (541) 209-3672

See more therapy options for Jackson County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Jackson County, OR

300+

Average cost per session

$160

Therapists in Jackson County, OR who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
87% Depression
80% Relationship Issues
80% Self Esteem
78% Trauma and PTSD
72% Stress
71% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

66% Oregon Health Plan (OHP)
57% Other
48% PacificSource

How Therapists in Jackson County, OR see their clients

64% In Person and Online
36% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
22% Male
3% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Jackson County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.