Therapists in Falls City, OR

Photo of Dr. Jeremy A. Springer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Falls City, OR
Dr. Jeremy A. Springer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DSW, LCSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Falls City, OR 97344  (Online Only)
People sometimes endure significant pain in silence for a long time before reaching out for help. When that day arrives, reach out to a helping professional with the skills and experience needed to guide people of all ages, from all walks of life, through all kinds of difficult life transitions. I am a dynamic and flexible helper who understands that we live in complicated times and that much-needed change and healing can only be achieved through a strong alliance between myself and my clients. YOU are the ultimate expert and author in your own life; my role is to guide you towards finding your own truth.
People sometimes endure significant pain in silence for a long time before reaching out for help. When that day arrives, reach out to a helping professional with the skills and experience needed to guide people of all ages, from all walks of life, through all kinds of difficult life transitions. I am a dynamic and flexible helper who understands that we live in complicated times and that much-needed change and healing can only be achieved through a strong alliance between myself and my clients. YOU are the ultimate expert and author in your own life; my role is to guide you towards finding your own truth.
(503) 506-7952 View (503) 506-7952

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Jean Vanlue, Marriage & Family Therapist in Falls City, OR
Jean Vanlue
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LPC, LMFT
Verified Verified
Dallas, OR 97338
Waitlist for new clients
Life is all about relationships! I seek to help others find the hope, healing, strength and grace needed to face the many challenges of life. My passion is assisting adults and couples to increase in resilience, coping and stress management skills and in the ability to encourage and appreciate themselves and others.
Life is all about relationships! I seek to help others find the hope, healing, strength and grace needed to face the many challenges of life. My passion is assisting adults and couples to increase in resilience, coping and stress management skills and in the ability to encourage and appreciate themselves and others.
(971) 205-7812 View (971) 205-7812
Photo of Mechelle M Millmaker, Licensed Professional Counselor in Falls City, OR
Mechelle M Millmaker
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LMHC
Verified Verified
Dallas, OR 97338
I am currently offering both virtual and in person care. My office is located in downtown Salem, OR. My goal is to make care accessible to those who need it. Providing virtual care cuts down on your time spent driving to appointments, waiting in waiting rooms, and provides an opportunity for those that are unable to come to a physical location the ability to access services. I also understand that there is value in providing face to face appointments and virtual care is not always a good option for all, therefore I now offer in person appointments on Fridays and Saturdays.
I am currently offering both virtual and in person care. My office is located in downtown Salem, OR. My goal is to make care accessible to those who need it. Providing virtual care cuts down on your time spent driving to appointments, waiting in waiting rooms, and provides an opportunity for those that are unable to come to a physical location the ability to access services. I also understand that there is value in providing face to face appointments and virtual care is not always a good option for all, therefore I now offer in person appointments on Fridays and Saturdays.
(503) 506-4776 View (503) 506-4776
Photo of Susan Crabill, Professional Counselor Associate in Falls City, OR
Susan Crabill
Professional Counselor Associate, MA
Verified Verified
Dallas, OR 97338
**Currently taking new clients** I believe that everyone has the ability and strength to make the changes they desire in their life. Some people need a place to explore how to do this, and this is where I can help. I see my role in the therapeutic process as providing a non-judgmental space to help clients clarify what changes they want to pursue, and guide them as they find their own strength and self-determination to make those changes. I use a client-centered approach with some CBT techniques. I have a degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling, and am a member of the ACA, following their Code of Ethics.
**Currently taking new clients** I believe that everyone has the ability and strength to make the changes they desire in their life. Some people need a place to explore how to do this, and this is where I can help. I see my role in the therapeutic process as providing a non-judgmental space to help clients clarify what changes they want to pursue, and guide them as they find their own strength and self-determination to make those changes. I use a client-centered approach with some CBT techniques. I have a degree in Clinical Mental Health Counseling, and am a member of the ACA, following their Code of Ethics.
(503) 782-5730 View (503) 782-5730
Photo of Hope Whisperer Christian Counseling, LLC, Pre-Licensed Professional in Falls City, OR
Hope Whisperer Christian Counseling, LLC
Pre-Licensed Professional, MA
Verified Verified
Dallas, OR 97338
I am Marcie Walker, the Hope Whisperer, who is accepting new clients! In a safe, warm, and supportive environment, I will honor the words you share with me, and travel your journey with you. I have personal experience in therapeutic work with adults and families, as well as working with students at these grade levels: Middle, high, and college ages. I have 23 years experience working with the special needs population. Preventing bullying is my passion, so it is no wonder that, for the past twenty years as staff and student, I have advocated for many who were bullied and treated unfairly.
I am Marcie Walker, the Hope Whisperer, who is accepting new clients! In a safe, warm, and supportive environment, I will honor the words you share with me, and travel your journey with you. I have personal experience in therapeutic work with adults and families, as well as working with students at these grade levels: Middle, high, and college ages. I have 23 years experience working with the special needs population. Preventing bullying is my passion, so it is no wonder that, for the past twenty years as staff and student, I have advocated for many who were bullied and treated unfairly.
(503) 438-4354 View (503) 438-4354
Photo of Jennifer Heine, Licensed Professional Counselor in Falls City, OR
Jennifer Heine
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338
Life can be heavy, overwhelming, and confusing at times - it can be hard to find connection, feel understood, and valued. Sometimes we all struggle to bring our emotions back into balance, handle difficult feelings, or be effective in relationships. I am here to walk alongside of you through these times. As a therapist who focuses on attachment and connection, we work together in a secure and judgement-free environment where you can learn more about yourself, make goals and create a more meaningful life.
Life can be heavy, overwhelming, and confusing at times - it can be hard to find connection, feel understood, and valued. Sometimes we all struggle to bring our emotions back into balance, handle difficult feelings, or be effective in relationships. I am here to walk alongside of you through these times. As a therapist who focuses on attachment and connection, we work together in a secure and judgement-free environment where you can learn more about yourself, make goals and create a more meaningful life.
(971) 273-5731 View (971) 273-5731
Align Counseling LLC
Verified Verified
Dallas, OR 97338
Align Counseling’s philosophy and approach to services is one of inclusivity of all individuals regardless of their age, race, gender, religion, disabilities, or economic status. Everyone has the right to quality care and Align Counseling wants to ensure this is possible. All individuals will be treated with dignity and respect and offered services to align with their individual and family needs.
Align Counseling’s philosophy and approach to services is one of inclusivity of all individuals regardless of their age, race, gender, religion, disabilities, or economic status. Everyone has the right to quality care and Align Counseling wants to ensure this is possible. All individuals will be treated with dignity and respect and offered services to align with their individual and family needs.
(503) 782-9964 View (503) 782-9964
Photo of Genevieve Strange, Psychologist in Falls City, OR
Genevieve Strange
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338
Not accepting new clients
The damn is ready to break - the tears are right behind your eyes! What happens if it breaks? You don’t know that you can put it back together let alone rebuild it completely. Nobody understands how hard it is to keep going. Life has just been so hard since it happened. The bad dreams only make it worse, you can’t remember the last time you got a good night's sleep. The constant anxiety and feeling on edge is just a cruel bonus. You’re afraid, embarrassed and stressed. Somehow, you pull yourself together...again. But every time you do you feel even more crushed and drained. As if you, the real you, is eroding.
The damn is ready to break - the tears are right behind your eyes! What happens if it breaks? You don’t know that you can put it back together let alone rebuild it completely. Nobody understands how hard it is to keep going. Life has just been so hard since it happened. The bad dreams only make it worse, you can’t remember the last time you got a good night's sleep. The constant anxiety and feeling on edge is just a cruel bonus. You’re afraid, embarrassed and stressed. Somehow, you pull yourself together...again. But every time you do you feel even more crushed and drained. As if you, the real you, is eroding.
(503) 461-7155 View (503) 461-7155
Photo of Stephani Robles, Pre-Licensed Professional in Falls City, OR
Stephani Robles
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, LPCA
Verified Verified
Dallas, OR 97338  (Online Only)
As a counselor, I work collaboratively with clients to identify strengths and challenges, provide new perspectives, and help identify tools and skills to work towards goals. My clinical approach draws upon various therapeutic models, including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Person-Centered Therapy, Solution-Focused Therapy, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Overall, I honor each client’s individuality and tailor my approach to meet their unique needs in a compassionate collaborative therapeutic setting.
As a counselor, I work collaboratively with clients to identify strengths and challenges, provide new perspectives, and help identify tools and skills to work towards goals. My clinical approach draws upon various therapeutic models, including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Person-Centered Therapy, Solution-Focused Therapy, and Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Overall, I honor each client’s individuality and tailor my approach to meet their unique needs in a compassionate collaborative therapeutic setting.
(503) 461-8285 View (503) 461-8285
Photo of Becky Edmonds, Marriage & Family Therapist in Falls City, OR
Becky Edmonds
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338
Life has challenges for everyone. Whether you are an individual trying to find direction for your life, relationships, career, or a couple who has found themselves on opposite ends of the couch or compromise, or are a family who is trying to adjust to changes in the family or ongoing challenges. It takes strength and bravery to ask for help; to sit in vulnerability and worry about judgement, acknowledge the shame and guilt, and fear it could only get worse.
Life has challenges for everyone. Whether you are an individual trying to find direction for your life, relationships, career, or a couple who has found themselves on opposite ends of the couch or compromise, or are a family who is trying to adjust to changes in the family or ongoing challenges. It takes strength and bravery to ask for help; to sit in vulnerability and worry about judgement, acknowledge the shame and guilt, and fear it could only get worse.
(406) 359-6581 View (406) 359-6581
Photo of Slade Thackeray, Registered Counseling Associate in Falls City, OR
Slade Thackeray
Registered Counseling Associate, MA
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338  (Online Only)
My job is to help you move from dreaming to doing. Are you dreaming of being less anxious or depressed? Let's uncover what you need to address it. Are you dreaming of a life without suicidal thoughts? It's possible, and you are closer than you think. Have some education or career dreams that are keeping you up at night? That's my specialty. Life is super hard. Like, so hard. Don't do it alone. I'm here to help.
My job is to help you move from dreaming to doing. Are you dreaming of being less anxious or depressed? Let's uncover what you need to address it. Are you dreaming of a life without suicidal thoughts? It's possible, and you are closer than you think. Have some education or career dreams that are keeping you up at night? That's my specialty. Life is super hard. Like, so hard. Don't do it alone. I'm here to help.
(503) 300-5348 View (503) 300-5348
Photo of Sarah Finch Page in Falls City, OR
Sarah Finch Page
MDiv, SD
Verified Verified
Dallas, OR 97338
Life experiences have a way of influencing how we see ourselves and others. As a Spiritual Director, I invite people to take a journey towards healing the soul by discovering the presence of the Divine in all life's moments. If you are looking for a safe and open space for that journey, I am happy to companion you. The soul thrives when we discover our true selves. I invite those from various faith backgrounds as well as those who are feeling the 'tug' to know more about this soul work.
Life experiences have a way of influencing how we see ourselves and others. As a Spiritual Director, I invite people to take a journey towards healing the soul by discovering the presence of the Divine in all life's moments. If you are looking for a safe and open space for that journey, I am happy to companion you. The soul thrives when we discover our true selves. I invite those from various faith backgrounds as well as those who are feeling the 'tug' to know more about this soul work.
(971) 308-5272 View (971) 308-5272
Photo of Capacity Solutions LLC, Psychologist in Falls City, OR
Capacity Solutions LLC
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338
We provide assessment, diagnosis and treatment for today's growing geriatric population and offer evidence based and individualized solutions for dealing with the challenges that come with normal aging, health considerations, mood changes, trauma, stroke and dementia. We establish a diagnosis, identify cognitive & functional strengths & weaknesses, provide support and education, cognitive rehabilitation training, identify resources to remain at home, help determine if higher level of care is needed, assess the need for assistance with finances, medical decisions, & driving, and offer recommendations for managing difficult behaviors.
We provide assessment, diagnosis and treatment for today's growing geriatric population and offer evidence based and individualized solutions for dealing with the challenges that come with normal aging, health considerations, mood changes, trauma, stroke and dementia. We establish a diagnosis, identify cognitive & functional strengths & weaknesses, provide support and education, cognitive rehabilitation training, identify resources to remain at home, help determine if higher level of care is needed, assess the need for assistance with finances, medical decisions, & driving, and offer recommendations for managing difficult behaviors.
(503) 376-8685 View (503) 376-8685
Photo of Amy Ruth Crevola, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Falls City, OR
Amy Ruth Crevola
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Dallas, OR 97338
Perhaps you are going through a rough patch and could use support and guidance, or perhaps you’ve struggled for many years and would like to see things differently, live things differently and are ready to “do therapy.” You are not broken. We each of us are inherently whole and in response to internalized messages and expected roles, or difficult situations and difficult histories, ill health, extreme stressors or trauma, our lives can feel broken. My passion is to help you feel more connected to yourself and the people you love and the world around you.
Perhaps you are going through a rough patch and could use support and guidance, or perhaps you’ve struggled for many years and would like to see things differently, live things differently and are ready to “do therapy.” You are not broken. We each of us are inherently whole and in response to internalized messages and expected roles, or difficult situations and difficult histories, ill health, extreme stressors or trauma, our lives can feel broken. My passion is to help you feel more connected to yourself and the people you love and the world around you.
(541) 406-3343 View (541) 406-3343
Photo of Amy Nicole Cozad, Pre-Licensed Professional in Falls City, OR
Amy Nicole Cozad
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338
Now Accepting New Clients- Life is full of challenges and unexpected events in today’s world. I invite you to take a journey with me to recognize and define the issues that have been impacting your life. I hold deep empathy for all my clients as they are undergoing life transitions with the intention of self-growth and awareness. I also hold space for couples to find new healing patterns and conflict resolution and relationship maintenance and growth. I value holding a judgment-free and accepting and safe space. Where you are in charge of the direction of your session and where your healing begins.
Now Accepting New Clients- Life is full of challenges and unexpected events in today’s world. I invite you to take a journey with me to recognize and define the issues that have been impacting your life. I hold deep empathy for all my clients as they are undergoing life transitions with the intention of self-growth and awareness. I also hold space for couples to find new healing patterns and conflict resolution and relationship maintenance and growth. I value holding a judgment-free and accepting and safe space. Where you are in charge of the direction of your session and where your healing begins.
(503) 436-6267 View (503) 436-6267
Photo of Mackenzie Wild, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in Falls City, OR
Mackenzie Wild
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate, MA, MFT-A, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338
Mackenzie Wild is a Couples Therapist practicing Emotionally Focused Therapy. She specializes in competing attachments, for instance couples with young children, couples with combined/blended families, or couples with involved grandparents or in-laws. Often couples disengage and become distant under the pressures of daily living. Through couples counseling, our work together can add breathing room and warmth so that the couple can turn toward and support each other during stress. EFT is evidence based and integrates trauma to establish new relational patterns, which improve connectedness and intimacy by changing the root.
Mackenzie Wild is a Couples Therapist practicing Emotionally Focused Therapy. She specializes in competing attachments, for instance couples with young children, couples with combined/blended families, or couples with involved grandparents or in-laws. Often couples disengage and become distant under the pressures of daily living. Through couples counseling, our work together can add breathing room and warmth so that the couple can turn toward and support each other during stress. EFT is evidence based and integrates trauma to establish new relational patterns, which improve connectedness and intimacy by changing the root.
(541) 697-3886 View (541) 697-3886
Photo of Charlotte H Cheney, Professional Counselor Associate in Falls City, OR
Charlotte H Cheney
Professional Counselor Associate
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338  (Online Only)
Hi there. I work with adults to unlock their full potential. My approach is driven by the belief that each person is a unique being deserving of support and unconditional positive regard. I see individuals as experts on themselves, valuing their entire well-being, and I am a firm believer in treating the whole person. By supporting individuals in caring for their emotional, mental, spiritual, and physical health, I aim to empower them to build a life they are proud of and enjoy living.
Hi there. I work with adults to unlock their full potential. My approach is driven by the belief that each person is a unique being deserving of support and unconditional positive regard. I see individuals as experts on themselves, valuing their entire well-being, and I am a firm believer in treating the whole person. By supporting individuals in caring for their emotional, mental, spiritual, and physical health, I aim to empower them to build a life they are proud of and enjoy living.
(971) 812-1455 View (971) 812-1455
Photo of Path of Life Counseling, Licensed Professional Counselor in Falls City, OR
Path of Life Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, MA
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338  (Online Only)
The best way to reach us is EMAIL. Our therapists all counsel from a Christian perspective but we welcome clients of all faiths or those who are not connected with any faith. Penny Layne is accepting new adult clients for telehealth appointments only. She is client focused & trauma informed with a passion for assisting individuals in recognizing distorted thinking patterns & building self esteem. She is trained in attachment theory & family systems. Melissa has 30+ years of experience helping with stress, anxiety, relationship/intimacy issues, trauma, abuse, depression, life changes, grief/loss, eating disorders & career challenges
The best way to reach us is EMAIL. Our therapists all counsel from a Christian perspective but we welcome clients of all faiths or those who are not connected with any faith. Penny Layne is accepting new adult clients for telehealth appointments only. She is client focused & trauma informed with a passion for assisting individuals in recognizing distorted thinking patterns & building self esteem. She is trained in attachment theory & family systems. Melissa has 30+ years of experience helping with stress, anxiety, relationship/intimacy issues, trauma, abuse, depression, life changes, grief/loss, eating disorders & career challenges
(541) 234-7421 View (541) 234-7421
Photo of Rosanne O'Connor, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Falls City, OR
Rosanne O'Connor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338
It can be difficult at times to ask for help. I'm glad you have taken the first step. I am a therapist with many years experience supporting a diverse population of clients. Most recently I have been working with midlife and seniors experiencing declines in health. Before this I was a children's therapist focusing on children with disabilities, and those who have experienced trauma. I also enjoy working with individuals who have struggled with addiction as their strength is inspiring. I am a former foster/adoptive parent and enjoy supporting all members of the adoption triad. Teens and young adults are also a focus.
It can be difficult at times to ask for help. I'm glad you have taken the first step. I am a therapist with many years experience supporting a diverse population of clients. Most recently I have been working with midlife and seniors experiencing declines in health. Before this I was a children's therapist focusing on children with disabilities, and those who have experienced trauma. I also enjoy working with individuals who have struggled with addiction as their strength is inspiring. I am a former foster/adoptive parent and enjoy supporting all members of the adoption triad. Teens and young adults are also a focus.
(503) 987-3535 View (503) 987-3535
Photo of Shantel Whitfield, Licensed Professional Counselor in Falls City, OR
Shantel Whitfield
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dallas, OR 97338
Not accepting new clients
I have a special interest in working with clients with the following issues: developmental disabilities, self-esteem, wellness, depression, anxiety, trauma, abuse, life transitions, daily living, and stress-management. I have an interest with helping children and adolescents with adjustment disorders and behavioral matters (i.e. anger management and ADHD). My counseling approach is around using a holistic approach to therapy and primarily rely on cognitive-behavioral, person-centered, as well as having a solution-focused orientation.
I have a special interest in working with clients with the following issues: developmental disabilities, self-esteem, wellness, depression, anxiety, trauma, abuse, life transitions, daily living, and stress-management. I have an interest with helping children and adolescents with adjustment disorders and behavioral matters (i.e. anger management and ADHD). My counseling approach is around using a holistic approach to therapy and primarily rely on cognitive-behavioral, person-centered, as well as having a solution-focused orientation.
(503) 847-2924 View (503) 847-2924

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Falls City, OR

< 10

Therapists in Falls City, OR who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Chronic Pain
100% Grief
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Other

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Cascade Centers EAP

How Therapists in Falls City, OR see their clients

100% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Falls City?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.