Therapists in Eugene, OR

View neighborhoods in Eugene
Photo of April Clark, LPC-A
April Clark
Professional Counselor Associate, LPC-A
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97401
Welcome! I am an LPC-Associate trained in a program for Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists with an emphasis in Depth (Jungian-influenced) Psychology through Pacifica Graduate Institute, where I graduated in 2010. While I pull from a variety of theories in my work (Jungian, Rogerian, Attachment, Psychoanalytic, Narrative, and Expressive Arts Therapies), and I use various skills-based approaches in session (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Play/Sand tray Therapy, and EMDR), I strongly believe that it is the therapeutic relationship, not the framework utilized, that truly helps people
Welcome! I am an LPC-Associate trained in a program for Licensed Marriage and Family Therapists with an emphasis in Depth (Jungian-influenced) Psychology through Pacifica Graduate Institute, where I graduated in 2010. While I pull from a variety of theories in my work (Jungian, Rogerian, Attachment, Psychoanalytic, Narrative, and Expressive Arts Therapies), and I use various skills-based approaches in session (Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Play/Sand tray Therapy, and EMDR), I strongly believe that it is the therapeutic relationship, not the framework utilized, that truly helps people
(458) 217-6866 View (458) 217-6866
Photo of Judith Castro, MEd, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Judith Castro
Marriage & Family Therapist, MEd, LMFT
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Eugene, OR 97405
Not accepting new clients
I work with people to release old patterns of anxiety, trauma, depression, and self-doubt in order to create a more vibrant satisfying life. I offer innovative, compassionate, and focused support in counseling. I primarily counsel people of color (as a therapist of color), women, mental health therapists, families, and groups using evidence-based practices such as Emotionally Focused Therapy, EMDR, Systemic Family Therapy, and CBT. I incorporate art therapy, wellness counseling, somatic work, sex therapy, spiritual support, and career counseling when indicated.
I work with people to release old patterns of anxiety, trauma, depression, and self-doubt in order to create a more vibrant satisfying life. I offer innovative, compassionate, and focused support in counseling. I primarily counsel people of color (as a therapist of color), women, mental health therapists, families, and groups using evidence-based practices such as Emotionally Focused Therapy, EMDR, Systemic Family Therapy, and CBT. I incorporate art therapy, wellness counseling, somatic work, sex therapy, spiritual support, and career counseling when indicated.
(458) 219-3240 View (458) 219-3240
Photo of Kyra Ann Weaver, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kyra Ann Weaver
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97401
Not accepting new clients
I work with clients experiencing distress related to anxiety, depression, life cycle transitions, past trauma, relationship issues, peripartum issues, and parenting struggles, as well as other emotional struggles. Client's may have goals around finding happiness, improving communication or connection in relationships, or managing difficult emotions. I can provide guidance and support in the process of reaching your goals. Clients often find themselves feeling more hopeful and feeling more motivated after their first session.
I work with clients experiencing distress related to anxiety, depression, life cycle transitions, past trauma, relationship issues, peripartum issues, and parenting struggles, as well as other emotional struggles. Client's may have goals around finding happiness, improving communication or connection in relationships, or managing difficult emotions. I can provide guidance and support in the process of reaching your goals. Clients often find themselves feeling more hopeful and feeling more motivated after their first session.
(541) 735-9050 View (541) 735-9050
Photo of Erin Cochran-Davis, MS, MEd
Erin Cochran-Davis
Professional Counselor Associate, MS, MEd
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97408  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I believe that everyone deserves to live a life that leaves them excited to wake up every morning to pursue their dreams. Each of us possess the capacity to change and grow to reach our goals. We can become untethered from behaviors, thoughts, emotions, and personal narratives that no longer serve us, and we can enjoy that process along the way. Simply put, I don’t believe that therapy has to be a painful thing, but something we approach in partnership with curiosity and nonjudgment.
I believe that everyone deserves to live a life that leaves them excited to wake up every morning to pursue their dreams. Each of us possess the capacity to change and grow to reach our goals. We can become untethered from behaviors, thoughts, emotions, and personal narratives that no longer serve us, and we can enjoy that process along the way. Simply put, I don’t believe that therapy has to be a painful thing, but something we approach in partnership with curiosity and nonjudgment.
(541) 845-8800 View (541) 845-8800
Photo of Denna Marie Fulton, LCSW, CADCIII, MAC, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Denna Marie Fulton
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CADCIII, MAC, MSW
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97401
Not accepting new clients
My primary focus is to provide a nonjudgmental, strength based, person-center, and trauma informed approach to treatment. I believe overcoming difficulties can seem complex, especially when overwhelmed by multiple struggles. I utilize evidence based therapeutic modalities that work to address your concerns. I apply active listening and together, discover what approach and strategies will work best for you to feel empowered to move forward in a positive direction. I apply the type of therapy that will fit best for your circumstances and discuss the findings with you throughout the process.
My primary focus is to provide a nonjudgmental, strength based, person-center, and trauma informed approach to treatment. I believe overcoming difficulties can seem complex, especially when overwhelmed by multiple struggles. I utilize evidence based therapeutic modalities that work to address your concerns. I apply active listening and together, discover what approach and strategies will work best for you to feel empowered to move forward in a positive direction. I apply the type of therapy that will fit best for your circumstances and discuss the findings with you throughout the process.
(458) 215-1610 View (458) 215-1610
Photo of Kate Burns, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kate Burns
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eugene, OR 97401
Not accepting new clients
I work best with creative, intellectual folks who get stuck in dark rumination about self-worth and past wounding, people who think, "I know better, but I don't feel better." This may show up as depression or anxiety or a feedback loop between the two. It may show up as shame or aggression. It may show up as tension in the body. It definitely means unfulfilled potential and likely rocky relationships with self and others that perpetuate a cycle of limiting beliefs. I also tend to connect well with folks who identify as neurodivergent.
I work best with creative, intellectual folks who get stuck in dark rumination about self-worth and past wounding, people who think, "I know better, but I don't feel better." This may show up as depression or anxiety or a feedback loop between the two. It may show up as shame or aggression. It may show up as tension in the body. It definitely means unfulfilled potential and likely rocky relationships with self and others that perpetuate a cycle of limiting beliefs. I also tend to connect well with folks who identify as neurodivergent.
(458) 217-6695 View (458) 217-6695
Photo of Desiree Dalkiran, MC, NCC, LPC, C-PD, Licensed Professional Counselor
Desiree Dalkiran
Licensed Professional Counselor, MC, NCC, LPC, C-PD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eugene, OR 97401
Social justice and multicultural humility are integrated into all of my work. Seeking help is hard and you are already being courageous. I only practice trauma informed care with focuses in EMDR, IFS, TFCBT, DBT, among others. All work that I do is client centered and trauma informed, even if it may be systems trauma. I consider myself a collaborative therapist and though I have knowledge, you are the expert in your life. I specialize in ADHD and have years of experience in working with those with concurrent diagnoses. I work with individuals, couples, and families, including polyinformed care.
Social justice and multicultural humility are integrated into all of my work. Seeking help is hard and you are already being courageous. I only practice trauma informed care with focuses in EMDR, IFS, TFCBT, DBT, among others. All work that I do is client centered and trauma informed, even if it may be systems trauma. I consider myself a collaborative therapist and though I have knowledge, you are the expert in your life. I specialize in ADHD and have years of experience in working with those with concurrent diagnoses. I work with individuals, couples, and families, including polyinformed care.
(458) 202-2058 View (458) 202-2058
Photo of Marna Cathleen, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Marna Cathleen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97402
Marna Cathleen works with individuals who strive to become stronger, more confident human beings so that they are able to be confident in who they are and what they believe. You will learn techniques to lower anxiety, manage depression, and stop panic so that you can think clearly, and navigate the new emerging world. Marna believes that healing happens when we access the bodies innate mechanism to heal itself.
Marna Cathleen works with individuals who strive to become stronger, more confident human beings so that they are able to be confident in who they are and what they believe. You will learn techniques to lower anxiety, manage depression, and stop panic so that you can think clearly, and navigate the new emerging world. Marna believes that healing happens when we access the bodies innate mechanism to heal itself.
(458) 224-1150 View (458) 224-1150
Photo of undefined - Sally J Grosscup PhD PC, PhD, Psychologist
Sally J Grosscup PhD PC
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97401
I specialize in helping people overcome issues with depression, anxiety, worry, negativity, and/or addictions. Often genetics, childhood and adult trauma, stressful relationships, insomnia, diet, and general self-care can be contributing factors. Talking with a licensed psychologist can help you with such dilemmas and gain a new perspective on life. My goal is to help explore new ways to handle such roadblocks and to live a full and enjoyable life.
I specialize in helping people overcome issues with depression, anxiety, worry, negativity, and/or addictions. Often genetics, childhood and adult trauma, stressful relationships, insomnia, diet, and general self-care can be contributing factors. Talking with a licensed psychologist can help you with such dilemmas and gain a new perspective on life. My goal is to help explore new ways to handle such roadblocks and to live a full and enjoyable life.
(541) 727-0547 View (541) 727-0547
Photo of undefined - Arborview Counseling Services, LLC, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Arborview Counseling Services, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97401
Not accepting new clients
Lisa Lucas, MA LPC: My approach is to walk alongside you, build a strong therapeutic alliance, support you in identifying and building upon your strengths, while providing an opportunity to build skills. I encourage acknowledging and expressing emotions while facilitating learning and growth. I offer a person-centered, non-judgmental approach and hold a safe, validating space in which clients can work toward their goals.
Lisa Lucas, MA LPC: My approach is to walk alongside you, build a strong therapeutic alliance, support you in identifying and building upon your strengths, while providing an opportunity to build skills. I encourage acknowledging and expressing emotions while facilitating learning and growth. I offer a person-centered, non-judgmental approach and hold a safe, validating space in which clients can work toward their goals.
(541) 697-4915 View (541) 697-4915
Photo of Anne Harper, PhD, MHR, PCA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Anne Harper
Licensed Professional Counselor, PhD, MHR, PCA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Eugene, OR 97405  (Online Only)
Life is a journey without a clear roadmap. We hit bumps, wrong turns, and flat tires along the way. Worry, sadness, and confusion can be a natural response to these problems we encounter. Sometimes it is difficult to know which direction is the best or even if we want to continue the journey. I am here to help you find your way, to find acceptance, and feel strong enough to face the obstacles to your travel. If you are feeling, overwhelmed, steeped in sadness, uncertain, panicked or worried about almost everything or just one thing, I can help.
Life is a journey without a clear roadmap. We hit bumps, wrong turns, and flat tires along the way. Worry, sadness, and confusion can be a natural response to these problems we encounter. Sometimes it is difficult to know which direction is the best or even if we want to continue the journey. I am here to help you find your way, to find acceptance, and feel strong enough to face the obstacles to your travel. If you are feeling, overwhelmed, steeped in sadness, uncertain, panicked or worried about almost everything or just one thing, I can help.
(458) 221-9375 View (458) 221-9375
Photo of undefined - Caitlin Joyce, LCSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Caitlin Joyce, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eugene, OR 97401
I specialize in and only work with children 5 years and younger and their parent or caregivers. You might be a good fit for Child Parent Psychotherapy if your infant through 5 year old has witnessed domestic violence, experienced trauma, or if you just find yourself having difficulty connecting and you want to work to connect and build your relationship through play and positive connection. Please see my website CaitlinJoyceLCSW.com for more information
I specialize in and only work with children 5 years and younger and their parent or caregivers. You might be a good fit for Child Parent Psychotherapy if your infant through 5 year old has witnessed domestic violence, experienced trauma, or if you just find yourself having difficulty connecting and you want to work to connect and build your relationship through play and positive connection. Please see my website CaitlinJoyceLCSW.com for more information
(458) 310-2691 View (458) 310-2691
Photo of Keri Jaeger, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Keri Jaeger
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eugene, OR 97401
Navigating transitions such as divorce, becoming a new parent, initiating a new relationship, adjusting at school or beginning a new career can be challenging. If things are feeling overwhelming in this new chapter, I'd love to help you get back to feeling like yourself!
Navigating transitions such as divorce, becoming a new parent, initiating a new relationship, adjusting at school or beginning a new career can be challenging. If things are feeling overwhelming in this new chapter, I'd love to help you get back to feeling like yourself!
(458) 237-4368 View (458) 237-4368
Photo of Kristen Rudolf, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Kristen Rudolf
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97401  (Online Only)
I have a Master’s in Clinical Mental Health from Bushnell University. I believe that people are influenced by their biological dispositions, life experiences, relationships to others, and personal core values
I have a Master’s in Clinical Mental Health from Bushnell University. I believe that people are influenced by their biological dispositions, life experiences, relationships to others, and personal core values
(458) 241-5805 View (458) 241-5805
Photo of Dana Fleming, LCSW, MSW, CADC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dana Fleming
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW, CADC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Eugene, OR 97401
Not accepting new clients at this time. “And the day came when the risk to remain tight in a bud was more painful than the risk it took to blossom.” – Anais Nin ..... Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, grief or past trauma? Are you feeling overwhelmed and unsure how to move forward? You are not alone. Welcome. I am here to help you blossom. My goal is to invite clients on a journey of awareness, self-discovery, authenticity and hope.
Not accepting new clients at this time. “And the day came when the risk to remain tight in a bud was more painful than the risk it took to blossom.” – Anais Nin ..... Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, grief or past trauma? Are you feeling overwhelmed and unsure how to move forward? You are not alone. Welcome. I am here to help you blossom. My goal is to invite clients on a journey of awareness, self-discovery, authenticity and hope.
(458) 203-8992 View (458) 203-8992
Photo of Sarah Wheeler, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Sarah Wheeler
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97401
Hi there, if you've been feeling stuck or overwhelmed by life's challenges, I'm here to help. My ideal clients are those navigating big life transitions, experiencing relationship challenges, grieving a loss, or struggling with symptoms of anxiety or depression. They want to find a safe space where they can feel heard, understood, and supported on their journey towards healing and growth. My approach is tailored to each client's unique needs, with empathy, compassion, and practical strategies to help them feel better.
Hi there, if you've been feeling stuck or overwhelmed by life's challenges, I'm here to help. My ideal clients are those navigating big life transitions, experiencing relationship challenges, grieving a loss, or struggling with symptoms of anxiety or depression. They want to find a safe space where they can feel heard, understood, and supported on their journey towards healing and growth. My approach is tailored to each client's unique needs, with empathy, compassion, and practical strategies to help them feel better.
(503) 483-6927 View (503) 483-6927
Photo of undefined - Connectedness Matters, LLC, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Connectedness Matters, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eugene, OR 97401
Now accepting clients! I honor the courage it takes to reach out and ask for support! We all have, within ourselves, the wisdom to heal from adversity and trauma in a way that allows us to live with purpose and passion. My passion is helping individuals to reconnect to that wisdom. I offer a safe space for individuals and families to develop new ways of being that work for and not against them in their journey. I will work with you to reconnect to your self, loved ones, community, and nature to facilitate healing and restoration. It is in this place we can reclaim an authentic way of being. I offer a $75-$150 sliding scale.
Now accepting clients! I honor the courage it takes to reach out and ask for support! We all have, within ourselves, the wisdom to heal from adversity and trauma in a way that allows us to live with purpose and passion. My passion is helping individuals to reconnect to that wisdom. I offer a safe space for individuals and families to develop new ways of being that work for and not against them in their journey. I will work with you to reconnect to your self, loved ones, community, and nature to facilitate healing and restoration. It is in this place we can reclaim an authentic way of being. I offer a $75-$150 sliding scale.
(458) 224-1950 View (458) 224-1950
Photo of Ariel Yabek, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Ariel Yabek
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Eugene, OR 97405
Apologies, my practice is full. I support clients in addressing issues related to identity, relationship and belonging. My work is anchored in a Relational model of care whose aim is to support the development and maintenance of mutually beneficial and sustainable relationships. I work with clients to identify and cultivate resources, supports and protective factors so they may feel increasingly more secure navigating life. My work with clients reflects my values of transparency, respect and courage. Much of my work focuses on resolving trauma wounding, with highly effective models of care such as EMDR and Internal Family Systems.
Apologies, my practice is full. I support clients in addressing issues related to identity, relationship and belonging. My work is anchored in a Relational model of care whose aim is to support the development and maintenance of mutually beneficial and sustainable relationships. I work with clients to identify and cultivate resources, supports and protective factors so they may feel increasingly more secure navigating life. My work with clients reflects my values of transparency, respect and courage. Much of my work focuses on resolving trauma wounding, with highly effective models of care such as EMDR and Internal Family Systems.
(541) 204-2705 View (541) 204-2705
Photo of Kathy Chilton, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Kathy Chilton
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97401
Not accepting new clients
I work with individuals, couples, and families on a variety of issues including: parenting and school issues, TAG, underachievement, and learning disabilities; trauma healing; healthy communication; relationship dynamics; anxiety and depression; and chronic illness. People do the best they can at any given time. Sometimes life brings challenges which can overwhelm an individual's, couple's or family's resources. I work with clients to assess their current situation, identify goals, and develop strategies to meet those goals in a timely manner. My clients find ways to supplement existing coping skills and develop new approaches to replace ineffective strategies.
I work with individuals, couples, and families on a variety of issues including: parenting and school issues, TAG, underachievement, and learning disabilities; trauma healing; healthy communication; relationship dynamics; anxiety and depression; and chronic illness. People do the best they can at any given time. Sometimes life brings challenges which can overwhelm an individual's, couple's or family's resources. I work with clients to assess their current situation, identify goals, and develop strategies to meet those goals in a timely manner. My clients find ways to supplement existing coping skills and develop new approaches to replace ineffective strategies.
(541) 423-2099 View (541) 423-2099
Photo of David Brule, PhD, Psychologist
David Brule
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Eugene, OR 97401
My first goal in therapy is to build a trusted partnership through honest feedback, empathy, and adaptive support. I provide a safe space for clients to explore, understand, and work through difficult experiences. Together, we work to clarify goals and enact processes that build insight, reduce distress, and change unwanted patterns. Clinically, I approach well-being from an Ecological Model perspective; and often use Humanistic, Cognitive-Behavioral, and Motivational therapies in my work with clients. However, how therapy looks varies with each person based on their unique needs, cultural contexts, and current circumstances.
My first goal in therapy is to build a trusted partnership through honest feedback, empathy, and adaptive support. I provide a safe space for clients to explore, understand, and work through difficult experiences. Together, we work to clarify goals and enact processes that build insight, reduce distress, and change unwanted patterns. Clinically, I approach well-being from an Ecological Model perspective; and often use Humanistic, Cognitive-Behavioral, and Motivational therapies in my work with clients. However, how therapy looks varies with each person based on their unique needs, cultural contexts, and current circumstances.
(458) 215-1572 View (458) 215-1572

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Eugene, OR

700+

Average cost per session

$165

Therapists in Eugene, OR who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
87% Depression
83% Trauma and PTSD
78% Self Esteem
77% Relationship Issues
75% Stress
70% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

79% PacificSource
46% Oregon Health Plan (OHP)
45% BlueCross and BlueShield

How Therapists in Eugene, OR see their clients

59% In Person and Online
41% Online Only

Gender breakdown

74% Female
22% Male
4% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Eugene?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.