Therapists in Cleveland County, OK

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Photo of Isaiah D Roberson, LPC-C, Pre-Licensed Professional
Isaiah D Roberson
Pre-Licensed Professional, LPC-C
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Moore, OK 73160
I imagine having a client that has experienced the difficulties of life (i.e. relationship issues, trauma of Covid, anxiety, depression) and is needing help with processing those events and wanting to learn healthier habits that can benefit them for the future.
I imagine having a client that has experienced the difficulties of life (i.e. relationship issues, trauma of Covid, anxiety, depression) and is needing help with processing those events and wanting to learn healthier habits that can benefit them for the future.
(405) 289-4600 View (405) 289-4600
Photo of Kim House, LPC, LADC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kim House
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LPC, LADC
Verified Verified
Moore, OK 73160
Kim House, LPC, LADC, graduated from the University of Oklahoma with her Master's degree in Human Relations. She holds a license to practice counseling, as well as her license as a drug and alcohol counselor. Kim has extensive training and experience in treating anxiety, depression, trauma, substance addictions and grief. She uses multiple treatment modalities including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - helping the client understand the relationship between their thoughts, feelings and behaviors; Dialectical Behavioral Therapy - helping the client with emotions regulation and interpersonal effectiveness.
Kim House, LPC, LADC, graduated from the University of Oklahoma with her Master's degree in Human Relations. She holds a license to practice counseling, as well as her license as a drug and alcohol counselor. Kim has extensive training and experience in treating anxiety, depression, trauma, substance addictions and grief. She uses multiple treatment modalities including Cognitive Behavioral Therapy - helping the client understand the relationship between their thoughts, feelings and behaviors; Dialectical Behavioral Therapy - helping the client with emotions regulation and interpersonal effectiveness.
(405) 300-1720 View (405) 300-1720
Photo of Angela N Harris, LCSW, CEDS, EMDR, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Angela N Harris
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CEDS, EMDR
Verified Verified
Norman, OK 73019  (Online Only)
I have a therapeutic focus in the areas of eating disorders including anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorder, orthorexia, avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED), disordered eating, compulsive exercise and body image concerns. I also work with self esteem concerns, depression, anxiety, process and substance use disorders, coping skills, trauma, and PTSD. I specialize in treating adolescents and adults. My goal is to empower you to write the next chapter of your life.
I have a therapeutic focus in the areas of eating disorders including anorexia, bulimia, binge eating disorder, orthorexia, avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID), other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED), disordered eating, compulsive exercise and body image concerns. I also work with self esteem concerns, depression, anxiety, process and substance use disorders, coping skills, trauma, and PTSD. I specialize in treating adolescents and adults. My goal is to empower you to write the next chapter of your life.
(405) 643-8322 View (405) 643-8322
Photo of Katelyn Schafstall, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Katelyn Schafstall
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Moore, OK 73160
Katelyn Schafstall is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Oklahoma who has been practicing since 2017. She has Master's in Social Work from The University of Oklahoma. Katelyn strives to create a safe and supportive environment to help individuals and families navigate the therapeutic change process. She has experience working with anxiety, depression, grief, PTSD, chronic illness, and life stage transitions. Katelyn tailors her therapeutic approach to what unique challenges the individual or family is facing.
Katelyn Schafstall is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Oklahoma who has been practicing since 2017. She has Master's in Social Work from The University of Oklahoma. Katelyn strives to create a safe and supportive environment to help individuals and families navigate the therapeutic change process. She has experience working with anxiety, depression, grief, PTSD, chronic illness, and life stage transitions. Katelyn tailors her therapeutic approach to what unique challenges the individual or family is facing.
(405) 251-7069 View (405) 251-7069
Photo of Clint Hardesty, MS, MHR, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Clint Hardesty
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, MHR, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norman, OK 73072
I enjoy working with clients who are trying to remove the barriers keeping them from a deeply meaningful experience of life. Anxiety, Depression, Life Transitions (College, Post-College, Mid-Life, and Retirement), Career Counseling and Major Exploration for College Students, Death and Dying, Social Anxiety and Interpersonal Communication, and Spiritual Direction for religious and non-religious seekers are all areas I enjoy addressing with clients. I have always been a curious person and that has enabled me to compile a diverse array of life experiences and that allows me to work with a wide range of clients.
I enjoy working with clients who are trying to remove the barriers keeping them from a deeply meaningful experience of life. Anxiety, Depression, Life Transitions (College, Post-College, Mid-Life, and Retirement), Career Counseling and Major Exploration for College Students, Death and Dying, Social Anxiety and Interpersonal Communication, and Spiritual Direction for religious and non-religious seekers are all areas I enjoy addressing with clients. I have always been a curious person and that has enabled me to compile a diverse array of life experiences and that allows me to work with a wide range of clients.
(405) 251-8314 View (405) 251-8314
Photo of Linda C Roberts, MHR, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Linda C Roberts
Licensed Professional Counselor, MHR, LPC
Verified Verified
Oklahoma City, OK 73170  (Online Only)
My philosophy is first and foremost to create a safe and comfortable environment for clients to share their confidential information, and to lead the dialogue that can help them understand and process difficult life experiences. The client/therapist relationship is important to healing from anxiety, depression, trauma and relationship difficulties, and connection with the therapist is often vital to success. If our connection is not a good fit, I will help you find a therapist that can be more effective in helping you reach your goals for treatment.
My philosophy is first and foremost to create a safe and comfortable environment for clients to share their confidential information, and to lead the dialogue that can help them understand and process difficult life experiences. The client/therapist relationship is important to healing from anxiety, depression, trauma and relationship difficulties, and connection with the therapist is often vital to success. If our connection is not a good fit, I will help you find a therapist that can be more effective in helping you reach your goals for treatment.
(405) 592-5025 View (405) 592-5025
Photo of Cameron Hollingsworth, MA, LPC, LMFT, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cameron Hollingsworth
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, LMFT
Verified Verified
Norman, OK 73069
Waitlist for new clients
I enjoy working with all types of people to improve emotional wellbeing and gain a positive outlook on life. I believe that all of us have the tools and abilities to create the quality of life that we desire. Along with support, insight, and understanding it is possible to gain control over life and find relief for emotional and mental distress. I work with individuals, families, couples, and parents to address the challenges and stresses that are present in life.
I enjoy working with all types of people to improve emotional wellbeing and gain a positive outlook on life. I believe that all of us have the tools and abilities to create the quality of life that we desire. Along with support, insight, and understanding it is possible to gain control over life and find relief for emotional and mental distress. I work with individuals, families, couples, and parents to address the challenges and stresses that are present in life.
(405) 384-7379 View (405) 384-7379
Photo of Mallory Hanson, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mallory Hanson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Moore, OK 73160
Mallory Hanson is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Oklahoma who has been practicing since 2015. She has a Bachelor of Social Work from Southwestern Oklahoma State University and a Master of Social work from University of Oklahoma. Mallory Hanson specializes in a wide range of concerns including depression, women's issues, trauma, personality disorders, chronic health issues, mood disorders, self-esteem issues, family/relationship challenges, PTSD, anxiety, life transitions, and aging issues.
Mallory Hanson is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in Oklahoma who has been practicing since 2015. She has a Bachelor of Social Work from Southwestern Oklahoma State University and a Master of Social work from University of Oklahoma. Mallory Hanson specializes in a wide range of concerns including depression, women's issues, trauma, personality disorders, chronic health issues, mood disorders, self-esteem issues, family/relationship challenges, PTSD, anxiety, life transitions, and aging issues.
(405) 591-5209 View (405) 591-5209
Photo of Kate Benson, BSW, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kate Benson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, BSW, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
Moore, OK 73160  (Online Only)
The world we live in today can be difficult to navigate no matter who you are or where you're from. For those of us who are members of marginalized and oppressed communities, taking the first step towards self improvement can also be daunting. If you're someone who's in need of a safe, judgement-free space to explore and address issues related to mental health, identity, relationships, or more, I'm here to help.
The world we live in today can be difficult to navigate no matter who you are or where you're from. For those of us who are members of marginalized and oppressed communities, taking the first step towards self improvement can also be daunting. If you're someone who's in need of a safe, judgement-free space to explore and address issues related to mental health, identity, relationships, or more, I'm here to help.
(405) 400-0705 View (405) 400-0705
Photo of Rachelle Hardin-Moniz, LCSW, ACSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rachelle Hardin-Moniz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, ACSW
Verified Verified
Norman, OK 73072
Waitlist for new clients
Hi, my name is Rachelle Hardin-Moniz. I am committed to assisting my clients in engaging in a therapeutic relationship based on engagement, openness, and removal of their symptoms and pain. I strive to facilitate growth and improved quality of life. I have been practicing for over 30 years. I am treating a variety of clientele. Their ages are from 18 to as old as you think you are(No age limit). Both males and females. The common thread is childhood trauma and its effects.
Hi, my name is Rachelle Hardin-Moniz. I am committed to assisting my clients in engaging in a therapeutic relationship based on engagement, openness, and removal of their symptoms and pain. I strive to facilitate growth and improved quality of life. I have been practicing for over 30 years. I am treating a variety of clientele. Their ages are from 18 to as old as you think you are(No age limit). Both males and females. The common thread is childhood trauma and its effects.
(405) 310-1824 View (405) 310-1824
Photo of Ashton Neufeld, MS, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ashton Neufeld
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Moore, OK 73160
Taking that first step to find a therapist can be one of the hardest. I strive to provide a safe and welcoming atmosphere where you can prioritize your mental health. I provide counseling services for children, adolescents, and adults in individual and family settings. I value building a therapeutic relationship based on trust and respect & believe that building trust within the counseling relationship is the top priority. I want my clients to feel they can be open and honest.
Taking that first step to find a therapist can be one of the hardest. I strive to provide a safe and welcoming atmosphere where you can prioritize your mental health. I provide counseling services for children, adolescents, and adults in individual and family settings. I value building a therapeutic relationship based on trust and respect & believe that building trust within the counseling relationship is the top priority. I want my clients to feel they can be open and honest.
(405) 583-3799 View (405) 583-3799
Photo of Ashley A Constable, MEd, Pre-Licensed Professional
Ashley A Constable
Pre-Licensed Professional, MEd
Verified Verified
Moore, OK 73160
Not accepting new clients
I believe empathy and building a positive, therapeutic relationship with a client is so important. We all have struggles. Most of us have some history of trauma in our childhood, and in some cases adult-hood. I’m here to help you navigate your way through that. I’m here to listen; I’m here to empathize. I’m also here to help you heal. I will meet you where you are at, but we will not stay there. I’m here to help empower you to face challenges in your life and to work through those challenges in a healthy and constructive way. It’s a process. And we will work through that process together.
I believe empathy and building a positive, therapeutic relationship with a client is so important. We all have struggles. Most of us have some history of trauma in our childhood, and in some cases adult-hood. I’m here to help you navigate your way through that. I’m here to listen; I’m here to empathize. I’m also here to help you heal. I will meet you where you are at, but we will not stay there. I’m here to help empower you to face challenges in your life and to work through those challenges in a healthy and constructive way. It’s a process. And we will work through that process together.
(405) 449-5889 View (405) 449-5889
Photo of Shoko Baker, MEd, LPC, SEP, Licensed Professional Counselor
Shoko Baker
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC, SEP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norman, OK 73072
Not accepting new clients
Welcome to my profile. I have been a LPC since 2003 and became an EMDR Certified Therapist in 2015. I began my Somatic Experiencing (SE) Therapy training in January of 2020 and have enjoyed integrating SE in my practice. SE is a naturalistic form of healing that will help you to learn how to settle and release physiological activation from your body. Very often this process helps people to reduce stress and return to a sense of of regulation and mastery in their lives. SE is particularly useful in managing stress because so many of the symptoms are physiological. To learn more about SE, please visit www.traumahealing.org.
Welcome to my profile. I have been a LPC since 2003 and became an EMDR Certified Therapist in 2015. I began my Somatic Experiencing (SE) Therapy training in January of 2020 and have enjoyed integrating SE in my practice. SE is a naturalistic form of healing that will help you to learn how to settle and release physiological activation from your body. Very often this process helps people to reduce stress and return to a sense of of regulation and mastery in their lives. SE is particularly useful in managing stress because so many of the symptoms are physiological. To learn more about SE, please visit www.traumahealing.org.
(405) 622-4979 View (405) 622-4979
Photo of undefined - The Center of Gratitude,LLC, MHR, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
The Center of Gratitude,LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MHR, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Moore, OK 73160  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
"The only normal people are the one's you don't know very well."-Alfred Adeler. We all deserve a space that is safe. A space that provides support. A space that validates your experiences, helps you identify your strengths and honors your truth. Have you ever struggled with focusing on yourself? Experienced decreased focus, increased irritability, poor sleep and appetitie? Does depression or anxiety weigh you down daily? Do you find these symptoms impacting your ability to function? Therapy can assist you with organizing your thoughts, decreasing your symptoms, improve confidence and identify healthy coping skills.
"The only normal people are the one's you don't know very well."-Alfred Adeler. We all deserve a space that is safe. A space that provides support. A space that validates your experiences, helps you identify your strengths and honors your truth. Have you ever struggled with focusing on yourself? Experienced decreased focus, increased irritability, poor sleep and appetitie? Does depression or anxiety weigh you down daily? Do you find these symptoms impacting your ability to function? Therapy can assist you with organizing your thoughts, decreasing your symptoms, improve confidence and identify healthy coping skills.
(405) 458-8926 View (405) 458-8926
Photo of Cheryl McGee, EdD, LPC, LADC/MH, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cheryl McGee
Licensed Professional Counselor, EdD, LPC, LADC/MH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norman, OK 73072
Would you like to explore how to change patterns or behaviors, enhance relationships, set better boundaries, and find a deeper connection with yourself? By utilizing empathy in conjunction with the latest professional clinical techniques I will work alongside you to determine the exact cause of your distress, and then assist in breaking free to develop a healthy balanced lifestyle. Therapy is a commitment to yourself and can enhance personal discovery. Take the brave leap today, I look forward to meeting you.
Would you like to explore how to change patterns or behaviors, enhance relationships, set better boundaries, and find a deeper connection with yourself? By utilizing empathy in conjunction with the latest professional clinical techniques I will work alongside you to determine the exact cause of your distress, and then assist in breaking free to develop a healthy balanced lifestyle. Therapy is a commitment to yourself and can enhance personal discovery. Take the brave leap today, I look forward to meeting you.
(405) 445-0317 View (405) 445-0317
Photo of Monica Austin, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Monica Austin
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Norman, OK 73072  (Online Only)
Is it time for a new beginning in your marriage or relationship? Do you and your spouse find yourselves drifting apart or having challenges with communicating? My passion is to help couples maneuver through the storms of life by providing tools to help couples connect, reconnect and stay connected. Premarital counseling assists couples in discovering their similarities and differences and working with what they have to create the relationship they desire.
Is it time for a new beginning in your marriage or relationship? Do you and your spouse find yourselves drifting apart or having challenges with communicating? My passion is to help couples maneuver through the storms of life by providing tools to help couples connect, reconnect and stay connected. Premarital counseling assists couples in discovering their similarities and differences and working with what they have to create the relationship they desire.
(405) 213-0235 View (405) 213-0235
Photo of undefined - Cups of Tea Counseling, LLC, MS, LPC, NCC, S, Licensed Professional Counselor
Cups of Tea Counseling, LLC
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC, NCC, S
Verified Verified
Norman, OK 73069
Currently have a waitlist for in-person sessions. I’m Alexandria (Allie). I enjoy working with children, adolescents, and adults regarding various issues, problems, and figuring out how to navigate life. I enjoy helping people grow. This can look like so many things and sometimes that is the best part. We can learn ways to move forward. Let’s make it happen.
Currently have a waitlist for in-person sessions. I’m Alexandria (Allie). I enjoy working with children, adolescents, and adults regarding various issues, problems, and figuring out how to navigate life. I enjoy helping people grow. This can look like so many things and sometimes that is the best part. We can learn ways to move forward. Let’s make it happen.
(501) 254-6563 View (501) 254-6563
Photo of Heather Eisel, PhD, BCBA-D, LBA
Heather Eisel
PhD, BCBA-D, LBA
Verified Verified
Norman, OK 73072
I am a Board Certified Behavior Analyst-Doctoral (BCBA-D) committed to providing compassionate and quality services to help people build full lives they value. My work centers on creating safe, nurturing spaces that foster lasting behavior change through behavioral science and authentic, trusting client-therapist relationships. I provide services to individuals, families, schools, businesses, and organizations.
I am a Board Certified Behavior Analyst-Doctoral (BCBA-D) committed to providing compassionate and quality services to help people build full lives they value. My work centers on creating safe, nurturing spaces that foster lasting behavior change through behavioral science and authentic, trusting client-therapist relationships. I provide services to individuals, families, schools, businesses, and organizations.
(405) 583-6838 View (405) 583-6838
Photo of Ashley Hunt, MHR, LPC, ATR, Licensed Professional Counselor
Ashley Hunt
Licensed Professional Counselor, MHR, LPC, ATR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norman, OK 73069
I enjoy welcoming people into my office space, I encourage visitors to feels safe and relaxed. I find it interesting to hear a persons story and rewarding to help them feel better. I have a positive outlook and encourage solution focused thinking. I have worked with many types of trauma from returning veterans to grief and loss, to sexual abuse. Finding unique coping skills for persons who have developed anxiety and depression is a specialty of mine. I feel best when a person discovers a truth about themselves and feels the understanding and relief this brings.
I enjoy welcoming people into my office space, I encourage visitors to feels safe and relaxed. I find it interesting to hear a persons story and rewarding to help them feel better. I have a positive outlook and encourage solution focused thinking. I have worked with many types of trauma from returning veterans to grief and loss, to sexual abuse. Finding unique coping skills for persons who have developed anxiety and depression is a specialty of mine. I feel best when a person discovers a truth about themselves and feels the understanding and relief this brings.
(405) 267-9769 View (405) 267-9769
Photo of Victoria Ryan, LPC, PC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Victoria Ryan
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, PC
Verified Verified
Norman, OK 73071
Making the decision to seek therapy is often a scary one, but it needn’t be. If you are suffering from depression or anxiety, the pain of past or present abuse, a toxic or complicated relationship, infidelity, conflicts with loved ones, or simply unhappiness, I can be that positive, nonjudgemental person who helps guide you through your pain and gives you coping skills to create the happiness you deserve.
Making the decision to seek therapy is often a scary one, but it needn’t be. If you are suffering from depression or anxiety, the pain of past or present abuse, a toxic or complicated relationship, infidelity, conflicts with loved ones, or simply unhappiness, I can be that positive, nonjudgemental person who helps guide you through your pain and gives you coping skills to create the happiness you deserve.
(405) 927-4378 View (405) 927-4378

See more therapy options for Cleveland County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Cleveland County, OK

300+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in Cleveland County, OK who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
92% Depression
75% Trauma and PTSD
73% Self Esteem
71% Coping Skills
68% Grief
67% Relationship Issues

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% BlueCross and BlueShield
72% Health Choice
60% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Cleveland County, OK see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Cleveland County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.