Therapists in Peninsula, OH

Photo of undefined - Spiral Mind Psychotherapy, LLC, MSSA, LISW-S, CCTP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Spiral Mind Psychotherapy, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSA, LISW-S, CCTP
Verified Verified
Peninsula, OH 44264  (Online Only)
You believe that if people get to know you they won't like you. You call yourself mean names when things go wrong. You rely solely on yourself because reaching out isn't worth it. The daily sense of worthlessness, uselessness or feeling unwanted in the world is a heavy burden to carry. It makes everything you do ten times harder as you risk feeling even more pain. But you do want help. You're here reading. You do still have the tiny hope that something out there might be able to help.
You believe that if people get to know you they won't like you. You call yourself mean names when things go wrong. You rely solely on yourself because reaching out isn't worth it. The daily sense of worthlessness, uselessness or feeling unwanted in the world is a heavy burden to carry. It makes everything you do ten times harder as you risk feeling even more pain. But you do want help. You're here reading. You do still have the tiny hope that something out there might be able to help.
(234) 206-0046 View (234) 206-0046
Photo of Sarah Billingsley, LPCC, LICDC, MA, EdS, Licensed Professional Counselor
Sarah Billingsley
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC, LICDC, MA, EdS
Verified Verified
Peninsula, OH 44264  (Online Only)
In my work with clients, I’m often amazed at the burdens people can carry and keep going. But as strong as most people are, almost everyone is familiar with the feeling that some part of their strategy for living isn’t working anymore. Many different situations can act as indicator lights that some part of your life needs your attention. Whether this is something external like a failing relationship or something internal like a growing feeling of emptiness, the bottom line is that you know within yourself that something needs to change.
In my work with clients, I’m often amazed at the burdens people can carry and keep going. But as strong as most people are, almost everyone is familiar with the feeling that some part of their strategy for living isn’t working anymore. Many different situations can act as indicator lights that some part of your life needs your attention. Whether this is something external like a failing relationship or something internal like a growing feeling of emptiness, the bottom line is that you know within yourself that something needs to change.
(234) 562-2817 View (234) 562-2817
Photo of Angie McClenahan, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Angie McClenahan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
Peninsula, OH 44264
Do you feel like your worry is taking over? Do you tend to think about everything? Does this sometimes lead you to spend inordinate amounts of time researching only to find yourself paralyzed by indecision or so exhausted you don't have the energy to implement what you learned. I help people manage anxiety because if it has a chance, it will take over! Relationships, kids, work, life can feel like too much even for the healthiest among us. You can find relief, you can get back to a place that feels more free.
Do you feel like your worry is taking over? Do you tend to think about everything? Does this sometimes lead you to spend inordinate amounts of time researching only to find yourself paralyzed by indecision or so exhausted you don't have the energy to implement what you learned. I help people manage anxiety because if it has a chance, it will take over! Relationships, kids, work, life can feel like too much even for the healthiest among us. You can find relief, you can get back to a place that feels more free.
(330) 946-5863 View (330) 946-5863
Photo of Marysa Williams, PsyD, Psychologist
Marysa Williams
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Peninsula, OH 44264
Dr. Williams provides therapeutic services to children, adolescents, adults, caregivers and families exhibiting a diversity of emotional and behavioral health concerns, including but not limited to, depression, self-esteem, anger, anxiety, divorce, adjustment disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder/trauma, ADHD, learning disorders, behavioral disorders, and parent/caregiver concerns. Dr. Williams strives to build hope and resilience in her clients, while working collaboratively and fostering independence so that her clients no longer need the support of therapy. Schedule now at effectivecounseling.org
Dr. Williams provides therapeutic services to children, adolescents, adults, caregivers and families exhibiting a diversity of emotional and behavioral health concerns, including but not limited to, depression, self-esteem, anger, anxiety, divorce, adjustment disorders, post-traumatic stress disorder/trauma, ADHD, learning disorders, behavioral disorders, and parent/caregiver concerns. Dr. Williams strives to build hope and resilience in her clients, while working collaboratively and fostering independence so that her clients no longer need the support of therapy. Schedule now at effectivecounseling.org
(833) 944-7571 View (833) 944-7571

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Dr. Jason Friedman, PsyD, Psychologist
Dr. Jason Friedman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Hudson, OH 44236
Dr. Friedman is a clinical psychologist with over 10 years of experience treating children and adolescents in a variety of settings. He specializes in treating anxiety, depression, ADHD, and body image issues. He also uses his background and interest in sports to work with athletes in optimizing their performance. In addition to therapy at his private practice, Dr. Friedman conducts comprehensive autism evaluations at Pivotal ABA Therapy. For additional information on the autism evaluation clinic, please visit our website at https:/pivotalabatherapy.com/autism-assessment-ohio.
Dr. Friedman is a clinical psychologist with over 10 years of experience treating children and adolescents in a variety of settings. He specializes in treating anxiety, depression, ADHD, and body image issues. He also uses his background and interest in sports to work with athletes in optimizing their performance. In addition to therapy at his private practice, Dr. Friedman conducts comprehensive autism evaluations at Pivotal ABA Therapy. For additional information on the autism evaluation clinic, please visit our website at https:/pivotalabatherapy.com/autism-assessment-ohio.
(440) 901-1367 View (440) 901-1367
Photo of Bethany Conry, MSW, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Bethany Conry
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44222  (Online Only)
Hi there! Let's talk. If you're struggling with depression, anxiety, career, or pregnancy-related issues, I'm here to help. Reaching out to begin therapy can be intimidating, but I hope you take the time to reach out for help. I'm here for you.
Hi there! Let's talk. If you're struggling with depression, anxiety, career, or pregnancy-related issues, I'm here to help. Reaching out to begin therapy can be intimidating, but I hope you take the time to reach out for help. I'm here for you.
(614) 412-5590 View (614) 412-5590
Photo of Madison Sprang, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Madison Sprang
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Stow, OH 44224
I have a passion for helping individuals find their strengths and be able to use them in their daily lives. I enjoy working with clients from diverse backgrounds and different areas of focus such as anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, peer relationships, school problems, sports performance, and LGBTQ+ related issues. I enjoy utilizing several treatment modalities including person-centered, cognitive behavioral therapy, humanistic, solution-focused, and strengths-based therapies. I work with clients ages 16 and older. I hope to create a comfortable space of empowerment and validation as you share your life story.
I have a passion for helping individuals find their strengths and be able to use them in their daily lives. I enjoy working with clients from diverse backgrounds and different areas of focus such as anxiety, depression, trauma, grief, peer relationships, school problems, sports performance, and LGBTQ+ related issues. I enjoy utilizing several treatment modalities including person-centered, cognitive behavioral therapy, humanistic, solution-focused, and strengths-based therapies. I work with clients ages 16 and older. I hope to create a comfortable space of empowerment and validation as you share your life story.
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Photo of Lee London-Trail, LICDC-S, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lee London-Trail
Licensed Professional Counselor, LICDC-S, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Twinsburg, OH 44087
I have been on my own personal growth journey for the past 29 years and have integrated my learning in a way that it is easily shared with others. I practice mind/body/spirit healing and have been able to help others address all aspects of their addictive patterns, dependency issues, and mood/anxiety challenges. I facilitate a range of groups, including: Women's Empowerment, Parenting, and Step Family. I utilize many different techniques (per the client's comfort level). Some examples: meditation, mindfulness, psychodrama, guided visualizations, EFT, EMDR and Heart-Centered Hypnotherapy.
I have been on my own personal growth journey for the past 29 years and have integrated my learning in a way that it is easily shared with others. I practice mind/body/spirit healing and have been able to help others address all aspects of their addictive patterns, dependency issues, and mood/anxiety challenges. I facilitate a range of groups, including: Women's Empowerment, Parenting, and Step Family. I utilize many different techniques (per the client's comfort level). Some examples: meditation, mindfulness, psychodrama, guided visualizations, EFT, EMDR and Heart-Centered Hypnotherapy.
(216) 485-3185 View (216) 485-3185
Photo of Rachel Tramonte, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rachel Tramonte
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
Twinsburg, OH 44087
I work with adults & parents who want to manage their anxiety and depression. My goal is to help you stay focused on what matters most to you most.
I work with adults & parents who want to manage their anxiety and depression. My goal is to help you stay focused on what matters most to you most.
(323) 420-8305 View (323) 420-8305
Photo of Laurie A Spenik, MSW, LISW-S, EMDR, CIT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Laurie A Spenik
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW-S, EMDR, CIT
Verified Verified
Cuyahoga Falls, OH 44221
Whether you are struggling with anxiety, depression, substance use, or have daily life challenges, I am here to help you learn how to be your best self! Life presents many challenges and never be afraid to ask for help. Many children and adults have struggled due to social isolation, due to COVID. Many of my current clients have struggled with addiction, depression, and anxiety because of past trauma. It may be sexual abuse as a child, witnessing violence, being involved in an accident, struggling just to get out of bed for the day. Don't give up on yourself, you deserve to live your best life. Just remember today is the day!
Whether you are struggling with anxiety, depression, substance use, or have daily life challenges, I am here to help you learn how to be your best self! Life presents many challenges and never be afraid to ask for help. Many children and adults have struggled due to social isolation, due to COVID. Many of my current clients have struggled with addiction, depression, and anxiety because of past trauma. It may be sexual abuse as a child, witnessing violence, being involved in an accident, struggling just to get out of bed for the day. Don't give up on yourself, you deserve to live your best life. Just remember today is the day!
(330) 304-4531 View (330) 304-4531
Photo of Marisa Rayford, LPC, Coach, BA, MA, Counselor
Marisa Rayford
Counselor, LPC, Coach, BA, MA
Verified Verified
Macedonia, OH 44056  (Online Only)
As a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) & Mental Health and Wellness Coach, In my practice, I focus on individuals seeking holistic mental wellness. Whether it's coping with anxiety, navigating life transitions, or healing from past trauma, my clients crave a safe space to explore their emotions & challenges. They aspire for growth, resilience, & a renewed sense of purpose, driven by a desire to live authentically & fully.
As a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) & Mental Health and Wellness Coach, In my practice, I focus on individuals seeking holistic mental wellness. Whether it's coping with anxiety, navigating life transitions, or healing from past trauma, my clients crave a safe space to explore their emotions & challenges. They aspire for growth, resilience, & a renewed sense of purpose, driven by a desire to live authentically & fully.
(234) 259-6408 View (234) 259-6408
Photo of Dania M King, MA Ed, LPC, CLC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Dania M King
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA Ed, LPC, CLC
Verified Verified
Twinsburg, OH 44087
I understand starting therapy can be overwhelming, and I am here when you are ready to begin. I am a traditional and Christian faith-based clinician that utilizes brief solution focus therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), person-centered, motivational interviewing, bibliotherapy, positive psychology, mindfulness, and strength-based modalities. I offer online and in-person counseling services for children, adolescents, at-risk youth, adults, and families, experiencing anxiety and stress related disorders, PTSD, DV and IPV trauma, emotional regulation disorders, adjustment disorders, and family/parent-child adjustments.
I understand starting therapy can be overwhelming, and I am here when you are ready to begin. I am a traditional and Christian faith-based clinician that utilizes brief solution focus therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), person-centered, motivational interviewing, bibliotherapy, positive psychology, mindfulness, and strength-based modalities. I offer online and in-person counseling services for children, adolescents, at-risk youth, adults, and families, experiencing anxiety and stress related disorders, PTSD, DV and IPV trauma, emotional regulation disorders, adjustment disorders, and family/parent-child adjustments.
(234) 501-2731 View (234) 501-2731
Photo of Jennifer Vasquez, LPCC-S
Jennifer Vasquez
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Macedonia, OH 44056
Struggling with anxiety, depression, life adjustment stress, parent-child conflict? Animal Assisted Psychotherapy is a unique approach that allows a safe space to grow, heal, and process your struggles and pain. Our animal team members work along side of us to reflect, challenge , and comfort clients in each session.
Struggling with anxiety, depression, life adjustment stress, parent-child conflict? Animal Assisted Psychotherapy is a unique approach that allows a safe space to grow, heal, and process your struggles and pain. Our animal team members work along side of us to reflect, challenge , and comfort clients in each session.
(330) 969-8117 View (330) 969-8117
Photo of Shannah Carino, PCC-S
Shannah Carino
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, PCC-S
Verified Verified
Akron, OH 44320
Fill your days with joy, calm, and peace. I provide support for adults, teens, and kids facing challenges in their professional or academic lives. Our work and school environments are significant parts of our daily routines, and when things are not going smoothly in these areas, it can have ripple effects on all aspects of our lives. The stress of work or school can strain our relationships and diminish our self-esteem, impacting our performance and lead to burnout. It is common to feel unsure whether our difficulties sleeping or our experiences of anxiety, depression, or irritability are the symptom or the cause of our troubles.
Fill your days with joy, calm, and peace. I provide support for adults, teens, and kids facing challenges in their professional or academic lives. Our work and school environments are significant parts of our daily routines, and when things are not going smoothly in these areas, it can have ripple effects on all aspects of our lives. The stress of work or school can strain our relationships and diminish our self-esteem, impacting our performance and lead to burnout. It is common to feel unsure whether our difficulties sleeping or our experiences of anxiety, depression, or irritability are the symptom or the cause of our troubles.
(330) 522-1784 View (330) 522-1784
Photo of undefined - Livinwell Counseling Service, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Livinwell Counseling Service
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Akron, OH 44313  (Online Only)
I have 20+years of experience working within the lives of others, and understand the struggles of life and the feelings of being alone, guilt and shame from other-imposed or self-imposed choices, and the struggle in knowing where to begin to turn it around. My ideal client is ready to begin a healing journey, willing to use the insight and skills gained in therapy and take healthy risks to facilitate the cycle of change. They will have the ability to tolerate being kindly challenged when they are sabotaging their own therapeutic goals.
I have 20+years of experience working within the lives of others, and understand the struggles of life and the feelings of being alone, guilt and shame from other-imposed or self-imposed choices, and the struggle in knowing where to begin to turn it around. My ideal client is ready to begin a healing journey, willing to use the insight and skills gained in therapy and take healthy risks to facilitate the cycle of change. They will have the ability to tolerate being kindly challenged when they are sabotaging their own therapeutic goals.
(330) 574-4779 View (330) 574-4779
Photo of Lori Wolfe, LPCC-S, Counselor
Lori Wolfe
Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Hudson, OH 44236  (Online Only)
Lori Wolfe earned her master's degree from Ohio University in 1994. She has worked in private practice settings, as well as community mental health. Lori's treatment focus is couples, adults, and very young children. She specializes in helping families with parenting concerns and new mothers experiencing postpartum depression. Lori is adept in assisting couples with marital issues and she has a wealth of experience treating adults with anxiety and depression.
Lori Wolfe earned her master's degree from Ohio University in 1994. She has worked in private practice settings, as well as community mental health. Lori's treatment focus is couples, adults, and very young children. She specializes in helping families with parenting concerns and new mothers experiencing postpartum depression. Lori is adept in assisting couples with marital issues and she has a wealth of experience treating adults with anxiety and depression.
(234) 269-6200 View (234) 269-6200
Photo of Natalia Cifuentes, SWT, Pre-Licensed Professional
Natalia Cifuentes
Pre-Licensed Professional, SWT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Fairlawn, OH 44333
In today's fast-paced world, it's easy to get caught up in the constant changes and distractions that surround us. With technology and social media constantly competing for our attention, it can be challenging to take a step back and reconnect with our inner selves. We often find ourselves feeling lost or disconnected, struggling to find our true essence and what truly matters in our lives. That's where having a guide, and a helping hand, can make all the difference.
In today's fast-paced world, it's easy to get caught up in the constant changes and distractions that surround us. With technology and social media constantly competing for our attention, it can be challenging to take a step back and reconnect with our inner selves. We often find ourselves feeling lost or disconnected, struggling to find our true essence and what truly matters in our lives. That's where having a guide, and a helping hand, can make all the difference.
(330) 862-9129 View (330) 862-9129
Photo of Barbara Hofelich, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Barbara Hofelich
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Fairlawn, OH 44333
I graduated from The Ohio State University with my Master's Degree in Social Work in 2001. I have practiced in Northeast Ohio since. During my career, I have had the pleasure of working with children, children & families, and adults with many mental health or life challenges. I have practiced at Lifestance since 2017, after having had worked for many years in community mental health and agencies serving the severely mentally ill. I have also taught the parenting classes for Domestic Relations Court, for parents who are divorcing of unmarried parents. I also have developed several areas of specialties during my years in social work.
I graduated from The Ohio State University with my Master's Degree in Social Work in 2001. I have practiced in Northeast Ohio since. During my career, I have had the pleasure of working with children, children & families, and adults with many mental health or life challenges. I have practiced at Lifestance since 2017, after having had worked for many years in community mental health and agencies serving the severely mentally ill. I have also taught the parenting classes for Domestic Relations Court, for parents who are divorcing of unmarried parents. I also have developed several areas of specialties during my years in social work.
(330) 621-5926 View (330) 621-5926
Photo of Macey Hawout, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Macey Hawout
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Akron, OH 44333
Are you a young adult woman experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship issues, self-esteem issues, and even trauma? Self-discovery and creating/finding identity are goals I work best with. In my most recent job, I have found that domestic violence survivors and women who experience issues specific to being a woman have piqued my interest. As a therapist, the most rewarding thing is to guide women toward embracing themselves for who they are, heal past wounds, and empower them to live fully and authentically. I believe I have been given a purpose in this world to serve others, and that's what I was created to do.
Are you a young adult woman experiencing anxiety, depression, relationship issues, self-esteem issues, and even trauma? Self-discovery and creating/finding identity are goals I work best with. In my most recent job, I have found that domestic violence survivors and women who experience issues specific to being a woman have piqued my interest. As a therapist, the most rewarding thing is to guide women toward embracing themselves for who they are, heal past wounds, and empower them to live fully and authentically. I believe I have been given a purpose in this world to serve others, and that's what I was created to do.
(330) 632-8827 View (330) 632-8827
Photo of undefined - The Reality of HOPE, PhD, PCC-S, Counselor
The Reality of HOPE
Counselor, PhD, PCC-S
Verified Verified
Akron, OH 44313
I currently offer individual therapy to address mood disorders, post traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders and other issues related to behavioral health, stress, and grief. I am experienced in both individual and group crisis counseling and offer relationship, and family therapy. I am working on offering several therapeutic groups including a support/educational group for parents of behaviorally challenged children, a sexual assault group and a homicide support group for surviving family members. In home counseling for agoraphobic situations are available.
I currently offer individual therapy to address mood disorders, post traumatic stress disorder, anxiety disorders and other issues related to behavioral health, stress, and grief. I am experienced in both individual and group crisis counseling and offer relationship, and family therapy. I am working on offering several therapeutic groups including a support/educational group for parents of behaviorally challenged children, a sexual assault group and a homicide support group for surviving family members. In home counseling for agoraphobic situations are available.
(330) 752-6247 View (330) 752-6247

See more therapy options for Peninsula

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Peninsula, OH

< 10

Therapists in Peninsula, OH who prioritize treating:

75% Relationship Issues
75% Depression
75% Anxiety
75% Trauma and PTSD
75% Emotional Disturbance
75% Self Esteem
50% Addiction

Average years in practice

6 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Medical Mutual
100% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Peninsula, OH see their clients

50% In Person and Online
50% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Peninsula?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.