Therapists in Brecksville, OH

Photo of Mary Beth Castillo, MSSA, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mary Beth Castillo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSA, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
I am passionate about helping others recognize their full potential, especially those that have experienced trauma, struggle with anxiety disorders, or are neurodiverse. I find that individuals often unknowingly create their biggest barriers to success and happiness through their own subconscious thoughts and beliefs. I help clients find their own voice, feel that they are worthy of investing time and energy into caring for themself, and setting healthy boundaries to do so.
I am passionate about helping others recognize their full potential, especially those that have experienced trauma, struggle with anxiety disorders, or are neurodiverse. I find that individuals often unknowingly create their biggest barriers to success and happiness through their own subconscious thoughts and beliefs. I help clients find their own voice, feel that they are worthy of investing time and energy into caring for themself, and setting healthy boundaries to do so.
(440) 771-1950 View (440) 771-1950
Photo of Heather Rogers, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Heather Rogers
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
Heather Rogers is a Licensed Independent Social Worker who earned her master's degree in clinical social work from Case Western Reserve University and her bachelor's degree from West Virginia University. She has previously worked in community mental health care at Catholic Charities providing in home and in school therapy to children, at risk teens and families. Heather has received advanced training in Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) and Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT).
Heather Rogers is a Licensed Independent Social Worker who earned her master's degree in clinical social work from Case Western Reserve University and her bachelor's degree from West Virginia University. She has previously worked in community mental health care at Catholic Charities providing in home and in school therapy to children, at risk teens and families. Heather has received advanced training in Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) and Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT).
(440) 772-2460 View (440) 772-2460
Photo of Mallory Andrews, MSSW, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Mallory Andrews
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSW, LISW
Verified Verified
9 Endorsed
Brecksville, OH 44141
Life can be challenging and confusing to navigate; it's okay to ask for help & you don't have to handle it on your own. Regardless of the circumstances that have led you to seek therapy, you have the right to be treated with respect, dignity, and without judgment while exploring and working through where you are now and where you want to be. I am a licensed independent social worker and I have experience working with adolescents, young adults, college students, and adults experiencing a variety of issues. Issues that specialize include substance use/addiction, anxiety, depression, trauma, stress management, life transitions.
Life can be challenging and confusing to navigate; it's okay to ask for help & you don't have to handle it on your own. Regardless of the circumstances that have led you to seek therapy, you have the right to be treated with respect, dignity, and without judgment while exploring and working through where you are now and where you want to be. I am a licensed independent social worker and I have experience working with adolescents, young adults, college students, and adults experiencing a variety of issues. Issues that specialize include substance use/addiction, anxiety, depression, trauma, stress management, life transitions.
(440) 595-3772 View (440) 595-3772
Photo of Catherine Kuzmishin Mast, MEd,  LPCC
Catherine Kuzmishin Mast
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MEd, LPCC
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
Katie Kuzmishin Mast is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC). She specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Cognitive Therapy (CT), receiving certification through Cleveland’s Center for Cognitive Therapy in 2022. She generally uses an interdisciplinary approach, however, which includes Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT), Person-Centered Counseling, and a systems-approach to identifying and solving problems with clients.
Katie Kuzmishin Mast is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor (LPCC). She specializes in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Cognitive Therapy (CT), receiving certification through Cleveland’s Center for Cognitive Therapy in 2022. She generally uses an interdisciplinary approach, however, which includes Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT), Person-Centered Counseling, and a systems-approach to identifying and solving problems with clients.
(440) 291-5371 View (440) 291-5371
Photo of Jeff Robson, LPCC, Counselor
Jeff Robson
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
Hi, I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor based in Ohio. I have my Master's degree from the University of Akron. I have worked in various clinical settings, including community mental health centers, hospitals, and private practice. I provide assessments, treatment planning, and individual counseling services to adults.
Hi, I am a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor based in Ohio. I have my Master's degree from the University of Akron. I have worked in various clinical settings, including community mental health centers, hospitals, and private practice. I provide assessments, treatment planning, and individual counseling services to adults.
(440) 659-1757 View (440) 659-1757
Photo of Kelly Marie Repas
Kelly Marie Repas
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brecksville, OH 44141
Kelly is a licensed professional clinical counselor with a supervisory endorsement in the state of Ohio. Kelly earned her graduate degree from Kent State University and has been providing quality psychotherapy to children and adults ever since. Kelly has had the opportunity to provide mental health services in a variety of settings, from residential and partial-hospitalization in the state of Oregon, to private practice and community mental health services in the state of Ohio.
Kelly is a licensed professional clinical counselor with a supervisory endorsement in the state of Ohio. Kelly earned her graduate degree from Kent State University and has been providing quality psychotherapy to children and adults ever since. Kelly has had the opportunity to provide mental health services in a variety of settings, from residential and partial-hospitalization in the state of Oregon, to private practice and community mental health services in the state of Ohio.
(440) 271-8093 View (440) 271-8093
Photo of Carolyn Erbaugh, LPCC, Counselor
Carolyn Erbaugh
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
Carolyn has her Masters in Counseling (MEd) from The University of Akron. She is informed by a holistic and mind-body approach of nearly 20 years of experience in holistic wellness and mind body services as well as a passion for integrative, alternative and functional approaches to overall health and well being. She is influenced by DBT, CBT, ACT, Strength, Solution, Internal Family Systems, Polyvagal, Truama, and Neuroscience Informed approaches. Her style is directive, down to earth, and engaged including a review of practical and effective coping tools.
Carolyn has her Masters in Counseling (MEd) from The University of Akron. She is informed by a holistic and mind-body approach of nearly 20 years of experience in holistic wellness and mind body services as well as a passion for integrative, alternative and functional approaches to overall health and well being. She is influenced by DBT, CBT, ACT, Strength, Solution, Internal Family Systems, Polyvagal, Truama, and Neuroscience Informed approaches. Her style is directive, down to earth, and engaged including a review of practical and effective coping tools.
(440) 276-8237 View (440) 276-8237
Photo of Sarah Reichert, LPCC, ATR, Counselor
Sarah Reichert
Counselor, LPCC, ATR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brecksville, OH 44141
At times, It can be hard to communicate and put into words how you are thinking, feeling, and doing. If standard talk therapy has felt like trying to fit yourself into a box, Art Therapy could be a hands on approach to creatively express yourself without needing to have the words. As Bob Ross said, "There are no mistakes, just happy accidents”. I am passionate about embracing the creative process through Art Therapy. This process sometimes looks like making sense of past experiences to gain a deeper understanding of those events. Other times, Art Therapy is a means of expressing oneself or even exploring the self.
At times, It can be hard to communicate and put into words how you are thinking, feeling, and doing. If standard talk therapy has felt like trying to fit yourself into a box, Art Therapy could be a hands on approach to creatively express yourself without needing to have the words. As Bob Ross said, "There are no mistakes, just happy accidents”. I am passionate about embracing the creative process through Art Therapy. This process sometimes looks like making sense of past experiences to gain a deeper understanding of those events. Other times, Art Therapy is a means of expressing oneself or even exploring the self.
(330) 281-4892 View (330) 281-4892
Photo of Veronica A Bojerski, MA, LPCC-S, CHT, Counselor
Veronica A Bojerski
Counselor, MA, LPCC-S, CHT
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Brecksville, OH 44141
In Person or Secure Video Sessions. Are you or a family member stressed or overwhelmed from the pressures of life's FAST pace & uncertainty? Has your college student had behavior or mood changes? Any intense fears or chronic worry? Perfectionism? Unresolved trauma? Questioning ADHD symptoms? Maybe you are struggling with health, chronic pain or relationships? There many different reasons that a person may reach out to a counselor and you may just not know where to begin. My aim is to help you sort through your concerns and to come up with a collaborative plan that puts you on a path of self discovery, finding solutions and .
In Person or Secure Video Sessions. Are you or a family member stressed or overwhelmed from the pressures of life's FAST pace & uncertainty? Has your college student had behavior or mood changes? Any intense fears or chronic worry? Perfectionism? Unresolved trauma? Questioning ADHD symptoms? Maybe you are struggling with health, chronic pain or relationships? There many different reasons that a person may reach out to a counselor and you may just not know where to begin. My aim is to help you sort through your concerns and to come up with a collaborative plan that puts you on a path of self discovery, finding solutions and .
(216) 930-3113 View (216) 930-3113
Photo of Scott Brinkman, MSW, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Scott Brinkman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
I provide non-judgmental,highly positive and safe environment for you to explore your concerns and become best version of yourself. My clients describe me as encouraging, loving, motivating and professional.. through therapy, my clients establish and achieve their personal and interpersonal goals. I treat clients with depression,anxiety, grief, PTSD, sexual abuse, personality disorders, relationship issues, etc in many populations including LGBT. I treat various forms of addiction from video games to gambling.I believe in celebrating what makes us different.I am proud to say that I have experience & training in various settings.
I provide non-judgmental,highly positive and safe environment for you to explore your concerns and become best version of yourself. My clients describe me as encouraging, loving, motivating and professional.. through therapy, my clients establish and achieve their personal and interpersonal goals. I treat clients with depression,anxiety, grief, PTSD, sexual abuse, personality disorders, relationship issues, etc in many populations including LGBT. I treat various forms of addiction from video games to gambling.I believe in celebrating what makes us different.I am proud to say that I have experience & training in various settings.
(440) 745-8577 View (440) 745-8577
Photo of Mercedes Bryjak, LPCC,  IMFT
Mercedes Bryjak
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, IMFT
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
Mercedes Bryjak received her bachelor's degree in language arts and psychology from Cleveland State University. She obtained her master degree in community counseling as well as marriage and family therapy from University of Akron. Mercedes is currently pursuing certification in sex therapy. She specializes in utilizing systemic approach in conceptualization and treatment of complex needs of individuals, couples and families.
Mercedes Bryjak received her bachelor's degree in language arts and psychology from Cleveland State University. She obtained her master degree in community counseling as well as marriage and family therapy from University of Akron. Mercedes is currently pursuing certification in sex therapy. She specializes in utilizing systemic approach in conceptualization and treatment of complex needs of individuals, couples and families.
(440) 683-6955 View (440) 683-6955
Photo of Elizabeth Fiocca, LPCC, PMH-C, Counselor
Elizabeth Fiocca
Counselor, LPCC, PMH-C
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
Hi! My name is Elizabeth, but feel free to call me Liz! I offer support and guidance through all of the ups and downs that surround the growth of your new family, & let's be honest, a new version of you. You may be struggling with depression, anxiety, or OCD, changes to your relationship, sleep deprivation and feelings of being overwhelmed, baby blues, concerns about attachment, or self-esteem. These are all common challenges that new mamas can face. I can provide services for those facing the pain of struggling to conceive, have suffered loss(es) of pregnancy, or experienced birth trauma. Support is here for you.
Hi! My name is Elizabeth, but feel free to call me Liz! I offer support and guidance through all of the ups and downs that surround the growth of your new family, & let's be honest, a new version of you. You may be struggling with depression, anxiety, or OCD, changes to your relationship, sleep deprivation and feelings of being overwhelmed, baby blues, concerns about attachment, or self-esteem. These are all common challenges that new mamas can face. I can provide services for those facing the pain of struggling to conceive, have suffered loss(es) of pregnancy, or experienced birth trauma. Support is here for you.
(330) 341-8468 View (330) 341-8468
Photo of Samantha Good, MA, LPCC-S, Counselor
Samantha Good
Counselor, MA, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brecksville, OH 44141
I am passionate about assisting my clients understand their personal wellness and eliminate barriers that prevent them from being their best selves. Wellness involves a persons’ emotional, physical, social, intellectual and spiritual well-being. Oftentimes when one experiences difficulties, one or more of these areas are out of balance. I love helping my clients find their balance. I have found that if one takes an active role and makes informed choices, they can create a healthy and fulfilling life.
I am passionate about assisting my clients understand their personal wellness and eliminate barriers that prevent them from being their best selves. Wellness involves a persons’ emotional, physical, social, intellectual and spiritual well-being. Oftentimes when one experiences difficulties, one or more of these areas are out of balance. I love helping my clients find their balance. I have found that if one takes an active role and makes informed choices, they can create a healthy and fulfilling life.
(440) 271-8668 View (440) 271-8668
Photo of Nicole Piatak, LPCC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Nicole Piatak
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
Nicole Piatak is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor specializing in Solution Focused and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, with expertise in Attention Deficit Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, and family issues. She has supported numerous individuals in navigating life’s complexities, providing them with the tools for fulfillment and meaning. Nicole’s journey into mental health, fueled by a deep-seated desire to positively impact lives, was propelled by her personal journey through a challenging childhood experience, igniting a profound commitment to supporting others.
Nicole Piatak is a Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor specializing in Solution Focused and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, with expertise in Attention Deficit Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Major Depressive Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, and family issues. She has supported numerous individuals in navigating life’s complexities, providing them with the tools for fulfillment and meaning. Nicole’s journey into mental health, fueled by a deep-seated desire to positively impact lives, was propelled by her personal journey through a challenging childhood experience, igniting a profound commitment to supporting others.
(440) 745-7234 View (440) 745-7234
Photo of Carla J Penner, LPCC-S, Counselor
Carla J Penner
Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
Every journey begins with taking your first step towards your destination. This first step may be your most difficult. It is important that you feel comfortable and safe in a non-judgmental environment with taking this first step. You may be experiencing anxiety, sadness, anger, or highs and lows because of chemical dependency, trauma, a mood disorder, or relationship issues. You may feel that you just need to be heard and your feelings validated. Whatever you are experiencing, you may feel that you just want to be a better you and be able to function more effectively.
Every journey begins with taking your first step towards your destination. This first step may be your most difficult. It is important that you feel comfortable and safe in a non-judgmental environment with taking this first step. You may be experiencing anxiety, sadness, anger, or highs and lows because of chemical dependency, trauma, a mood disorder, or relationship issues. You may feel that you just need to be heard and your feelings validated. Whatever you are experiencing, you may feel that you just want to be a better you and be able to function more effectively.
(440) 291-3180 View (440) 291-3180
Photo of Karen Strejnowski, LISW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Karen Strejnowski
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brecksville, OH 44141
I often hear that I make people feel comfortable because I am relatable and easy to talk to; I pride myself on being pretty direct and straight-forward, as well as having a good sense of humor and a positive attitude. I believe therapy can – and should – be an enjoyable experience (even when it is dealing with difficult topics.) I can help you untangle the events of your past (and present) to address unhealed wounds and to make sense of the bigger picture while supporting you in making small, consistent changes in your thoughts and actions.
I often hear that I make people feel comfortable because I am relatable and easy to talk to; I pride myself on being pretty direct and straight-forward, as well as having a good sense of humor and a positive attitude. I believe therapy can – and should – be an enjoyable experience (even when it is dealing with difficult topics.) I can help you untangle the events of your past (and present) to address unhealed wounds and to make sense of the bigger picture while supporting you in making small, consistent changes in your thoughts and actions.
(440) 643-4757 View (440) 643-4757
Photo of Rachel Turner Lindsey, LPCC-S, MEd, Counselor
Rachel Turner Lindsey
Counselor, LPCC-S, MEd
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brecksville, OH 44141
Waitlist for new clients
I am passionate about working with adults, children, and adolescents to make positive changes in their life. I specialize in working with people who have experienced trauma and I have experience treating a variety of mental health concerns, including ADHD, depression, anxiety, behavioral issues, grief, and life transitions. Additionally, I am a licensed supervisor and am interested in working with novice counselors.
I am passionate about working with adults, children, and adolescents to make positive changes in their life. I specialize in working with people who have experienced trauma and I have experience treating a variety of mental health concerns, including ADHD, depression, anxiety, behavioral issues, grief, and life transitions. Additionally, I am a licensed supervisor and am interested in working with novice counselors.
(440) 588-8370 View (440) 588-8370
Photo of Cassandra Abbott, LPCC-S, Counselor
Cassandra Abbott
Counselor, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
With 15+ years experience, I have helped a wide range of people ages 18-60. My goal is to help you become a happier, less stressed, and a more productive person in all areas of your life. Sometimes having someone to talk to and to help you connect the dots of your life experiences can help you understand yourself in a much different way to make healthier decisions for yourself and your relationships. I have done extensive work in women's issues, specifically post-partum depression, infertility, and adoption issues.
With 15+ years experience, I have helped a wide range of people ages 18-60. My goal is to help you become a happier, less stressed, and a more productive person in all areas of your life. Sometimes having someone to talk to and to help you connect the dots of your life experiences can help you understand yourself in a much different way to make healthier decisions for yourself and your relationships. I have done extensive work in women's issues, specifically post-partum depression, infertility, and adoption issues.
(440) 538-1949 View (440) 538-1949
Photo of Joy Wood, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Joy Wood
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Brecksville, OH 44141
Joy Wood has nearly 15 years experience in mental health care for children, adolescents and adults. She earned her master's degree in social work from Case Western Reserve University and her bachelor's degree in psychology from Kent State University. She served as clinical services director for an adolescent residential treatment center in Cleveland for nearly 10 years, previously serving as a clinical supervisor. She specializes in child and adolescent services, particularly in the treatment of anger management, stress management, depression, and oppositional behaviors, as well as parenting and family therapy.
Joy Wood has nearly 15 years experience in mental health care for children, adolescents and adults. She earned her master's degree in social work from Case Western Reserve University and her bachelor's degree in psychology from Kent State University. She served as clinical services director for an adolescent residential treatment center in Cleveland for nearly 10 years, previously serving as a clinical supervisor. She specializes in child and adolescent services, particularly in the treatment of anger management, stress management, depression, and oppositional behaviors, as well as parenting and family therapy.
(440) 762-6260 View (440) 762-6260
Photo of Michelle Kramer, MSW, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Michelle Kramer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brecksville, OH 44141
Do you ever find yourself struggling to get out of bed in the morning? Do you get overwhelmed with intrusive thoughts and sometimes want to shut down? Do you struggle with going to sleep at night because you feel as if you just can’t stop the endless worries and fears that are racing in your mind? These are real feelings and challenges that can be addressed.
Do you ever find yourself struggling to get out of bed in the morning? Do you get overwhelmed with intrusive thoughts and sometimes want to shut down? Do you struggle with going to sleep at night because you feel as if you just can’t stop the endless worries and fears that are racing in your mind? These are real feelings and challenges that can be addressed.
(440) 750-2596 View (440) 750-2596

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Brecksville, OH

80+

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in Brecksville, OH who prioritize treating:

98% Anxiety
93% Depression
78% Trauma and PTSD
73% Relationship Issues
64% Grief
63% Self Esteem
59% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% Aetna
89% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
88% Medical Mutual

How Therapists in Brecksville, OH see their clients

93% In Person and Online
7% Online Only

Gender breakdown

88% Female
12% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Brecksville?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.