Therapists in Barberton, OH

Photo of Brian Krum, MFT-T, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Brian Krum
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MFT-T
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barberton, OH 44203
Nice to meet you! I am a Marriage and Family Therapist in the Barberton and Akron area whose priority is to help you navigate hardships and challenges in a safe and compassionate space. I work with individuals, couples, and families to help improve all areas of quality of life. I am passionate about couples counseling and family counseling to help find what makes my clients' lives work. My personal goal as your therapist is to help you process feelings and thoughts comfortably in a safe space and leave our session feeling accomplished. As a neurodivergent counselor, I enjoy working with clients in navigating a challenging world.
Nice to meet you! I am a Marriage and Family Therapist in the Barberton and Akron area whose priority is to help you navigate hardships and challenges in a safe and compassionate space. I work with individuals, couples, and families to help improve all areas of quality of life. I am passionate about couples counseling and family counseling to help find what makes my clients' lives work. My personal goal as your therapist is to help you process feelings and thoughts comfortably in a safe space and leave our session feeling accomplished. As a neurodivergent counselor, I enjoy working with clients in navigating a challenging world.
(330) 403-8996 View (330) 403-8996
Photo of undefined - Talk It Out Counseling, LLC, MSSA, MSW, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Talk It Out Counseling, LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSA, MSW, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Barberton, OH 44203
Therapy is completely normal and helpful when you find the right therapist for YOU! Finding such a therapist can feel overwhelming, scary and even hopeless. I assure you, those thoughts and feelings are normal. Depression and anxiety can be debilitating and scary. You feel alone and helpless; like no one understands you or what you're experiencing. Career, family, children, friendships, marriage and relationships suffer making you feel even more alone; and lost in the dark world that only you can see and feel. Please, give yourself the gift of therapy. I can help you work towards a healthier and happier you.
Therapy is completely normal and helpful when you find the right therapist for YOU! Finding such a therapist can feel overwhelming, scary and even hopeless. I assure you, those thoughts and feelings are normal. Depression and anxiety can be debilitating and scary. You feel alone and helpless; like no one understands you or what you're experiencing. Career, family, children, friendships, marriage and relationships suffer making you feel even more alone; and lost in the dark world that only you can see and feel. Please, give yourself the gift of therapy. I can help you work towards a healthier and happier you.
(330) 366-8381 View (330) 366-8381
Photo of undefined - Connecting Roots, LLC, IMFT, RPT™, Marriage & Family Therapist
Connecting Roots, LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, IMFT, RPT™
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Barberton, OH 44203
The focus of our practice is rooted in strengthening connection for couples and families. Within the couples and families we work with, our therapy services cater to every stage of life, blending traditional and contemporary techniques to help achieve personal goals. Our focus is on encouraging self-discovery, cultivating meaningful relationships, and empowering individuals to take ownership of their narrative, establishing enduring connections to live confidently and fearlessly. Please feel free to email us to learn more or request an appointment!
The focus of our practice is rooted in strengthening connection for couples and families. Within the couples and families we work with, our therapy services cater to every stage of life, blending traditional and contemporary techniques to help achieve personal goals. Our focus is on encouraging self-discovery, cultivating meaningful relationships, and empowering individuals to take ownership of their narrative, establishing enduring connections to live confidently and fearlessly. Please feel free to email us to learn more or request an appointment!
(330) 859-4500 View (330) 859-4500
Photo of Christine Andrews, LISW-S, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Christine Andrews
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-S
Verified Verified
Barberton, OH 44203
Life can be a bumpy road. I believe in helping you find your way through the challenges you face, utilizing your strengths and building new ones to navigate your way on your path in life.
Life can be a bumpy road. I believe in helping you find your way through the challenges you face, utilizing your strengths and building new ones to navigate your way on your path in life.
(330) 272-9362 View (330) 272-9362
Photo of undefined - Plumb Line Counseling, MEd, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Plumb Line Counseling
Licensed Professional Counselor, MEd, LPC
Verified Verified
Barberton, OH 44203
Plumb Line Counseling is a welcoming, neutral place where the client from age 5 to 90 can resolve difficulties. Confidentiality is important with safety as key, maintaining ethics and professionalism, within these boundaries a human presence is provided. Individual counseling involves a holistic effort from both counselor and client, that includes a working partnership - exercising interventions outside of session to obtain goals. This office provides interventions for mood disorders, anxiety disorders, neurological disorders, personality disorders, and interpersonal problems with respect for cultural backgrounds.
Plumb Line Counseling is a welcoming, neutral place where the client from age 5 to 90 can resolve difficulties. Confidentiality is important with safety as key, maintaining ethics and professionalism, within these boundaries a human presence is provided. Individual counseling involves a holistic effort from both counselor and client, that includes a working partnership - exercising interventions outside of session to obtain goals. This office provides interventions for mood disorders, anxiety disorders, neurological disorders, personality disorders, and interpersonal problems with respect for cultural backgrounds.
(234) 203-0159 View (234) 203-0159
Photo of Lanaya McDonald, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lanaya McDonald
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Barberton, OH 44203
Thank you for taking the time to review my profile. I have a passion for helping people. I became a therapist to help and encourage people. I have a wide variety of experience. I worked in community health for several years. During that time, I saw a multitude up clients with a variety of issues to include but not limited to addiction, depression, bi - polar disorder, and many others. I provided care inpatient and outpatient and ran many different types of groups for adults and children. I worked with children and families on our juvenile unit as well.
Thank you for taking the time to review my profile. I have a passion for helping people. I became a therapist to help and encourage people. I have a wide variety of experience. I worked in community health for several years. During that time, I saw a multitude up clients with a variety of issues to include but not limited to addiction, depression, bi - polar disorder, and many others. I provided care inpatient and outpatient and ran many different types of groups for adults and children. I worked with children and families on our juvenile unit as well.
(330) 366-1893 View (330) 366-1893
Photo of Lisa Collins, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa Collins
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
Barberton, OH 44203  (Online Only)
Reaching out for help takes a lot of courage and insight. I am here to help. I have worked in the counseling field for the last 20 years in private practice, treatment centers and in Higher Education. I enjoy helping others work through life situations and difficulties to regain their sense of self and worth. I utilize the treatment modality that fits your personality and comfort level. I bring with me a wealth of knowledge, empathy and a belief that no situation is hopeless.
Reaching out for help takes a lot of courage and insight. I am here to help. I have worked in the counseling field for the last 20 years in private practice, treatment centers and in Higher Education. I enjoy helping others work through life situations and difficulties to regain their sense of self and worth. I utilize the treatment modality that fits your personality and comfort level. I bring with me a wealth of knowledge, empathy and a belief that no situation is hopeless.
(330) 778-4193 View (330) 778-4193
Photo of undefined - Catholic Charities Family & Community Outreach CTR, LPCC-S, IMFT-S, Counselor
Catholic Charities Family & Community Outreach CTR
Counselor, LPCC-S, IMFT-S
Verified Verified
Barberton, OH 44203
Catholic Charities Family and Community Outreach Center serves families, couples, and individuals of all ages with mental health, relationship, and substance use issues. We take a holistic and person centered approach to meet the needs of each person and family we serve. We collaborate extensively with other community agencies, hospitals, and residential programs to provide the most complete services possible. We strive to give each individual, couple, and family the health and happiness they seek!
Catholic Charities Family and Community Outreach Center serves families, couples, and individuals of all ages with mental health, relationship, and substance use issues. We take a holistic and person centered approach to meet the needs of each person and family we serve. We collaborate extensively with other community agencies, hospitals, and residential programs to provide the most complete services possible. We strive to give each individual, couple, and family the health and happiness they seek!
(330) 859-4454 View (330) 859-4454
Dakota Caynor
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern, MFT-T
Verified Verified
Barberton, OH 44203
View

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Lisa Audino, LCSW, CADC, CCTP, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Lisa Audino
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CADC, CCTP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Wadsworth, OH 44281  (Online Only)
I specialize in Borderline personality disorder, PTSD/Trauma, and co-occurring challenges. My scope of practice includes LGBTQ+ concerns, couples (nonmonogamy), and mood disorders. A desire to change is often forged in hardships that are overwhelming, painful, and cause suffering. It can be a difficult path to navigate alone. A therapeutic relationship based on trust, open communication, respect, and empathy is fundamental to overcoming struggles. Whether it is during a transition, an acute stressor, or severe mental illness, I provide a supportive, safe, and non-judgmental environment for youth, adults, families, and couples.
I specialize in Borderline personality disorder, PTSD/Trauma, and co-occurring challenges. My scope of practice includes LGBTQ+ concerns, couples (nonmonogamy), and mood disorders. A desire to change is often forged in hardships that are overwhelming, painful, and cause suffering. It can be a difficult path to navigate alone. A therapeutic relationship based on trust, open communication, respect, and empathy is fundamental to overcoming struggles. Whether it is during a transition, an acute stressor, or severe mental illness, I provide a supportive, safe, and non-judgmental environment for youth, adults, families, and couples.
(207) 806-5383 View (207) 806-5383
Photo of undefined - Reformation Counseling & Life Coaching, MA, NACC, Pastoral Counselor
Reformation Counseling & Life Coaching
Pastoral Counselor, MA, NACC
Verified Verified
Akron, OH 44304
My greatest passion is to bring healing to individuals. I am dedicated to helping individuals gain wisdom, and knowledge and bringing restoration, healthiness, strength, and unity to relationships. The most significant thing to me is to help others self-evaluate and to find healthy, positive perspectives of themselves. Through recognition and past hurts, individuals can recognize their triggers and life stressors and learn to have better response mechanisms in life. I am loyal, dedicated, compassionate, and persevere through life challenges with my clients. Through education and life experiences, I am dedicated to helping my clients
My greatest passion is to bring healing to individuals. I am dedicated to helping individuals gain wisdom, and knowledge and bringing restoration, healthiness, strength, and unity to relationships. The most significant thing to me is to help others self-evaluate and to find healthy, positive perspectives of themselves. Through recognition and past hurts, individuals can recognize their triggers and life stressors and learn to have better response mechanisms in life. I am loyal, dedicated, compassionate, and persevere through life challenges with my clients. Through education and life experiences, I am dedicated to helping my clients
(330) 992-2315 View (330) 992-2315
Photo of undefined - Keith Terlonge Holistic Counseling LLC, MA, LPCC, Counselor
Keith Terlonge Holistic Counseling LLC
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Akron, OH 44321
I have a great passion to help people of all ages, religions backgrounds, genders and sexualities. It has always been important that my clients and I have a good relationship based on mutual respect and understanding. I have been working in the mental health field for 10 years. In this time I have done extensive work in schools (advocacy, counseling, IEP/ETR work, and making plans for student success), in hospitals, and in client's homes. In this time I have picked up the ability to work with any situation, big or small.
I have a great passion to help people of all ages, religions backgrounds, genders and sexualities. It has always been important that my clients and I have a good relationship based on mutual respect and understanding. I have been working in the mental health field for 10 years. In this time I have done extensive work in schools (advocacy, counseling, IEP/ETR work, and making plans for student success), in hospitals, and in client's homes. In this time I have picked up the ability to work with any situation, big or small.
(330) 915-3216 View (330) 915-3216
Photo of Victoria Frazier, MA, LPC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Victoria Frazier
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Akron, OH 44325
I would be honored to join you on your journey of self discovery and personal growth. I believe in working collaboratively with you to meet you where you are and develop solutions that will best serve you. Together, we will identify strengths that you may not even know you possess and develop insight to begin working towards your goals And, if you are just having a bad day, we can work on your coping skills, too! My hope is that through our work together, we will create an empowering and safe space to tackle whatever you bring to our shared space. I offer a fresh perspective to guide us through what can be an overwhelming process.
I would be honored to join you on your journey of self discovery and personal growth. I believe in working collaboratively with you to meet you where you are and develop solutions that will best serve you. Together, we will identify strengths that you may not even know you possess and develop insight to begin working towards your goals And, if you are just having a bad day, we can work on your coping skills, too! My hope is that through our work together, we will create an empowering and safe space to tackle whatever you bring to our shared space. I offer a fresh perspective to guide us through what can be an overwhelming process.
(440) 791-2067 View (440) 791-2067
ALO Family Counseling, LLC
Counselor, MA, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Wadsworth, OH 44281
ALO Family counseling offers a wide variety of services. If you are here, you have already begun working at making changes. We would be honored to be a part of your journey. We work on meeting individuals where they are at in their life. We have multiple therapists on staff to meet your unique needs. We have experience working with an array of issues including Depression, Anxiety, ADHD, Trauma, Life changes (divorce, loss of a job, moving, etc), Parenting issues, School issues, and many more. We strongly believe all people are capable of change and healing when given the right opportunities.
ALO Family counseling offers a wide variety of services. If you are here, you have already begun working at making changes. We would be honored to be a part of your journey. We work on meeting individuals where they are at in their life. We have multiple therapists on staff to meet your unique needs. We have experience working with an array of issues including Depression, Anxiety, ADHD, Trauma, Life changes (divorce, loss of a job, moving, etc), Parenting issues, School issues, and many more. We strongly believe all people are capable of change and healing when given the right opportunities.
(234) 217-8001 View (234) 217-8001
Photo of Carol A Murphy, LPC, CDCA, Licensed Professional Counselor
Carol A Murphy
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, CDCA
Verified Verified
Akron, OH 44312  (Online Only)
Carol Murphy (she/her) is a licensed professional counselor who provides caring, strength based counseling to clients in-person and on-line. All clients welcome. LGBTQ+ friendly and affirming and welcomes those who identify as Black, Latinx, Indigenous, and People of Color. Specialties include trauma and substance abuse. Carol is a trained EMDR therapist.
Carol Murphy (she/her) is a licensed professional counselor who provides caring, strength based counseling to clients in-person and on-line. All clients welcome. LGBTQ+ friendly and affirming and welcomes those who identify as Black, Latinx, Indigenous, and People of Color. Specialties include trauma and substance abuse. Carol is a trained EMDR therapist.
(330) 325-4212 View (330) 325-4212
Photo of Anderson R Hawes, LPCC, LICDC, LSW, Counselor
Anderson R Hawes
Counselor, LPCC, LICDC, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Akron, OH 44303
Finding a compassionate and non-judgmental therapist is the first step to improve your quality of life and help you achieve outcomes that meet both present and future goals! I am an experienced Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, Licensed Social Worker & Licensed Independent Chemical Dependency Counselor - with advanced professional training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Clinical Hypnosis, Gestalt Therapy, Mindfulness, Trauma Recovery & Addictions - providing specialized psycho-social assessment, substance abuse assessments & effective treatments: addictions (heroin, opioid, rx drugs, alcohol, DUI, smoking, gambling, compulsive disorders), mental health, bi-polar, trauma recovery, depression, anxiety, family/couples/divorce, personality, emotional & adjustment problems. Free phone consultation!
Finding a compassionate and non-judgmental therapist is the first step to improve your quality of life and help you achieve outcomes that meet both present and future goals! I am an experienced Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, Licensed Social Worker & Licensed Independent Chemical Dependency Counselor - with advanced professional training in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Clinical Hypnosis, Gestalt Therapy, Mindfulness, Trauma Recovery & Addictions - providing specialized psycho-social assessment, substance abuse assessments & effective treatments: addictions (heroin, opioid, rx drugs, alcohol, DUI, smoking, gambling, compulsive disorders), mental health, bi-polar, trauma recovery, depression, anxiety, family/couples/divorce, personality, emotional & adjustment problems. Free phone consultation!
(330) 391-7509 View (330) 391-7509
Photo of Shirley Zhao, LSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Shirley Zhao
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Akron, OH 44325
Hello, there. I want to express how glad I am that you have taken this important step toward improving your mental and emotional well-being, and I would be genuinely happy to join you on your journey. Throughout my years as a therapist, I have had the opportunity to work with many individuals who have experienced mental health challenges related to sexual abuse, anxiety, depression and PTSD. And it has absolutely become my passion to work with each of you for these issues. If you would like to, please go to my website I posted under my profile picture to learn more about me.
Hello, there. I want to express how glad I am that you have taken this important step toward improving your mental and emotional well-being, and I would be genuinely happy to join you on your journey. Throughout my years as a therapist, I have had the opportunity to work with many individuals who have experienced mental health challenges related to sexual abuse, anxiety, depression and PTSD. And it has absolutely become my passion to work with each of you for these issues. If you would like to, please go to my website I posted under my profile picture to learn more about me.
(216) 677-3930 View (216) 677-3930
Photo of Dr. Sherdene A Simpson, PhD, MFT, LPCC-S, LMHC, CHT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Dr. Sherdene A Simpson
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, MFT, LPCC-S, LMHC, CHT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Fairlawn, OH 44334  (Online Only)
DO YOU DESIRE CHANGE? Are you tired of being stuck? You can have a better quality of life. Do you have relationship problems (dating, married, family, getting along with others)? You have been "STUCK AND FRUSTRATED" too long...Call me. Are you seriously dating and considering marriage? Completing a premarital program is a MUST - "Before you plan your wedding, Plan your marriage!" Do you struggle with depression, anxiety and life issues..Let's start your journey....YOU CAN HAVE A BETTER QUALITY OF LIFE!
DO YOU DESIRE CHANGE? Are you tired of being stuck? You can have a better quality of life. Do you have relationship problems (dating, married, family, getting along with others)? You have been "STUCK AND FRUSTRATED" too long...Call me. Are you seriously dating and considering marriage? Completing a premarital program is a MUST - "Before you plan your wedding, Plan your marriage!" Do you struggle with depression, anxiety and life issues..Let's start your journey....YOU CAN HAVE A BETTER QUALITY OF LIFE!
(440) 607-4720 View (440) 607-4720
Photo of Michael Weatherford, PhD, LPCC-S, Counselor
Michael Weatherford
Counselor, PhD, LPCC-S
Verified Verified
Akron, OH 44301  (Online Only)
Life can be difficult. Work, relationships, school, and the various other demands can cause someone to feel overwhelmed, frustrated, or depressed. Add to these common demands the influences of ADHD, substance abuse, depression, anxiety, PTSD, and other forms of mental illness and navigating through life can feel impossible. I provide a comfortable, client-centered environment for exploration and processing in order to make life more manageable.
Life can be difficult. Work, relationships, school, and the various other demands can cause someone to feel overwhelmed, frustrated, or depressed. Add to these common demands the influences of ADHD, substance abuse, depression, anxiety, PTSD, and other forms of mental illness and navigating through life can feel impossible. I provide a comfortable, client-centered environment for exploration and processing in order to make life more manageable.
(216) 284-0237 View (216) 284-0237
Photo of Stephanie Edwards
Stephanie Edwards
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Akron, OH 44320  (Online Only)
Hello! My name is Stephanie Edwards. I’m a licensed professional clinical counselor with supervision designation. I have more than 10 years of experience in the mental health field. I earned my master’s degree in clinical mental health counseling from the University of Akron. I specialize in complex trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), diversity issues, depression, anxiety, and issues stemming from abuse. I’m trained in Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) and am a Level 1 Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP).
Hello! My name is Stephanie Edwards. I’m a licensed professional clinical counselor with supervision designation. I have more than 10 years of experience in the mental health field. I earned my master’s degree in clinical mental health counseling from the University of Akron. I specialize in complex trauma, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), diversity issues, depression, anxiety, and issues stemming from abuse. I’m trained in Eye Movement Desensitization Reprocessing (EMDR) and am a Level 1 Certified Clinical Trauma Professional (CCTP).
(859) 762-6737 View (859) 762-6737

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Barberton, OH

< 10

Therapists in Barberton, OH who prioritize treating:

78% Relationship Issues
78% Depression
78% Anxiety
78% ADHD
78% Trauma and PTSD
67% Child
67% Grief

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Medical Mutual
100% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
100% CareSource

How Therapists in Barberton, OH see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Barberton?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.