Therapists in Athens, OH

Photo of Ohio University Psychology and Social Work Clinic, Psychologist in Athens, OH
Ohio University Psychology and Social Work Clinic
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Athens, OH 45701
Waitlist for new clients
The Ohio University Psychology and Social Work Clinic (PSWC) is here to help with comprehensive assessment and therapy services. The PSWC is a supportive, affirming outpatient mental health clinic that is primarily staffed by doctoral student therapists of the OU Clinical Psychology program under the supervision of licensed psychologists. We offer evidence-based outpatient individual, family, and group therapy. In addition, the PSWC is able to provide comprehensive psychological and neuropsychological assessments for concerns such ADHD, learning disabilities, dementia, and more.
The Ohio University Psychology and Social Work Clinic (PSWC) is here to help with comprehensive assessment and therapy services. The PSWC is a supportive, affirming outpatient mental health clinic that is primarily staffed by doctoral student therapists of the OU Clinical Psychology program under the supervision of licensed psychologists. We offer evidence-based outpatient individual, family, and group therapy. In addition, the PSWC is able to provide comprehensive psychological and neuropsychological assessments for concerns such ADHD, learning disabilities, dementia, and more.
(740) 276-2811 View (740) 276-2811
Photo of Brian Bors, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Athens, OH
Brian Bors
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified
Athens, OH 45701
Waitlist for new clients
Above all else, I believe in your capacity for self actualization. We possess an innate ability to confront, metabolize, and overcome life's most challenging obstacles. I am a Licensed Independent Social Worker with both a Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree in Social Work. Since 2011, I have worked in various settings, including community mental health, housing, youth residential treatment, and private practice. I've worked with people with mental health concerns including anxiety, depression, stress, trauma, crisis, grief, relationship challenges, and major life transitions.
Above all else, I believe in your capacity for self actualization. We possess an innate ability to confront, metabolize, and overcome life's most challenging obstacles. I am a Licensed Independent Social Worker with both a Bachelor’s and Master’s Degree in Social Work. Since 2011, I have worked in various settings, including community mental health, housing, youth residential treatment, and private practice. I've worked with people with mental health concerns including anxiety, depression, stress, trauma, crisis, grief, relationship challenges, and major life transitions.
(740) 440-2904 View (740) 440-2904
Photo of Amy J. Smith, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Athens, OH
Amy J. Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW
Verified
Athens, OH 45701
I serve couples online who are considering whether to stay or go, couples who want to save a marriage after infidelity, polyamorous couples, pre-marital counseling, couples who want to co-parent more effectively, and couples who want a stronger connection. To communicate better I use what I’ve learned to guide couples in how to disagree without hurting, highlight what is already working, and uncover the struggles they’re facing to get to the core reasons why we get stuck. I use what I’ve learned to give couples tips to discover how to love and appreciate each other and to learn why they feel unloved, and disrespected.
I serve couples online who are considering whether to stay or go, couples who want to save a marriage after infidelity, polyamorous couples, pre-marital counseling, couples who want to co-parent more effectively, and couples who want a stronger connection. To communicate better I use what I’ve learned to guide couples in how to disagree without hurting, highlight what is already working, and uncover the struggles they’re facing to get to the core reasons why we get stuck. I use what I’ve learned to give couples tips to discover how to love and appreciate each other and to learn why they feel unloved, and disrespected.
(740) 279-2829 View (740) 279-2829
Photo of Samantha Christopher, Psychologist in Athens, OH
Samantha Christopher
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, OH 45701  (Online Only)
Life is a complex story woven from our experiences, beliefs, and feelings. Each of us carries a unique history, shaped by childhood memories and significant life events, which can influence the stories we tell about ourselves and our lives. The more challenging experiences we encounter may make us feel stuck or overwhelmed, but therapy can offer a way through! If you're looking to take control of your life, find your path, or seek personal growth and insight, I am here to guide and support you on this journey.
Life is a complex story woven from our experiences, beliefs, and feelings. Each of us carries a unique history, shaped by childhood memories and significant life events, which can influence the stories we tell about ourselves and our lives. The more challenging experiences we encounter may make us feel stuck or overwhelmed, but therapy can offer a way through! If you're looking to take control of your life, find your path, or seek personal growth and insight, I am here to guide and support you on this journey.
(740) 292-0105 View (740) 292-0105
Photo of Brittney R Doll LLC, Marriage & Family Therapist in Athens, OH
Brittney R Doll LLC
Marriage & Family Therapist, PsyD, LCMFT, IMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, OH 45701
I specialize in coercive control, particularly in relationships and religious trauma experiences. Together, we can work on assertiveness, boundaries, and codependency issues. Certified in EMDR trauma therapy, as well as EFT, hypnotherapy, and mindfulness practices, I am passionate about providing a safe, non-judgmental space for you to explore your own healing and personal empowerment.
I specialize in coercive control, particularly in relationships and religious trauma experiences. Together, we can work on assertiveness, boundaries, and codependency issues. Certified in EMDR trauma therapy, as well as EFT, hypnotherapy, and mindfulness practices, I am passionate about providing a safe, non-judgmental space for you to explore your own healing and personal empowerment.
(740) 715-4982 View (740) 715-4982
Photo of Drea Renzelli- EMDR Intensive Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Athens, OH
Drea Renzelli- EMDR Intensive Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW-S, LICSW, LCSW
Verified
Athens, OH 45701
Are you experiencing symptoms of PTSD, anxiety, or depression? Are you struggling to navigate unhealthy or abusive relationships? Or maybe it’s difficult for you to establish heathy boundaries and you notice the same problems keep coming up in many of your relationships. EMDR intensive therapy can help get to the root of these issues more quickly than traditional talk therapy. I am a Licensed Independent Social Worker who has been helping clients with these issues since completing my Master of Social Work in 2005.
Are you experiencing symptoms of PTSD, anxiety, or depression? Are you struggling to navigate unhealthy or abusive relationships? Or maybe it’s difficult for you to establish heathy boundaries and you notice the same problems keep coming up in many of your relationships. EMDR intensive therapy can help get to the root of these issues more quickly than traditional talk therapy. I am a Licensed Independent Social Worker who has been helping clients with these issues since completing my Master of Social Work in 2005.
(740) 249-1406 View (740) 249-1406
Photo of Jordan Pepper, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Athens, OH
Jordan Pepper
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified
Athens, OH 45701
Waitlist for new clients
My hope is that I can work with individuals to help them figure out what is best for their life and their own unique situation. Sometimes we need help deciding what to do next or getting back on the right track. I operate from a Person-Centered approach and I like to do frequent "check-ins" with my client to see if they like the pace and style or if they need more direction and confrontation.
My hope is that I can work with individuals to help them figure out what is best for their life and their own unique situation. Sometimes we need help deciding what to do next or getting back on the right track. I operate from a Person-Centered approach and I like to do frequent "check-ins" with my client to see if they like the pace and style or if they need more direction and confrontation.
(740) 720-5035 View (740) 720-5035
Photo of Kristyn Neckles, Psychologist in Athens, OH
Kristyn Neckles
Psychologist
Verified
Athens, OH 45701
Embark on a unique journey of self-discovery and healing at Resilience In Becoming Wellness Center. I believe in the power of your individual story, and through compassion, I am dedicated to crafting a personalized path just for you. I understand and value in my practice that every person is unique, and so are their struggles. I am committed to tailoring personalized strategies that empower you to navigate life's challenges, fostering resilience and creating a path towards lasting mental wellness. Let me be a guide in navigating life's challenges, providing the support and understanding you deserve. Your well-being is my priority!
Embark on a unique journey of self-discovery and healing at Resilience In Becoming Wellness Center. I believe in the power of your individual story, and through compassion, I am dedicated to crafting a personalized path just for you. I understand and value in my practice that every person is unique, and so are their struggles. I am committed to tailoring personalized strategies that empower you to navigate life's challenges, fostering resilience and creating a path towards lasting mental wellness. Let me be a guide in navigating life's challenges, providing the support and understanding you deserve. Your well-being is my priority!
(740) 690-3546 View (740) 690-3546
Photo of Ken Renfrow, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Athens, OH
Ken Renfrow
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified
Athens, OH 45701
It takes insight to make the decision to seek counseling for an improved sense of wellbeing, healing, and growth. I have enormous respect for your willingness to begin that journey. I enjoy my work as a helping professional and it would be a pleasure to work with you. Together we will work towards towards building self-awareness, meaning and purpose, and to address your areas of concern such as depression, anxiety, trauma reactions, self-esteem, and challenging externals such as in your relationships, your work, and your academic pursuits, as well as health challenges.
It takes insight to make the decision to seek counseling for an improved sense of wellbeing, healing, and growth. I have enormous respect for your willingness to begin that journey. I enjoy my work as a helping professional and it would be a pleasure to work with you. Together we will work towards towards building self-awareness, meaning and purpose, and to address your areas of concern such as depression, anxiety, trauma reactions, self-esteem, and challenging externals such as in your relationships, your work, and your academic pursuits, as well as health challenges.
(740) 247-5696 View (740) 247-5696
Photo of Erin Perko, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Athens, OH
Erin Perko
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW
Verified
Athens, OH 45701  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Are you finding yourself feeling alone, on guard, & powerless? Do you sometimes turn to desperate ways of coping in order to escape your pain? Are you angry that you cannot seem to just “get over it” & continue to repeat unhealthy patterns? If so, I see you & I am so glad you found this place. I know you're ready for some relief. You’re ready to nurture your relationships without your past getting in the way. You’re ready to wake up each morning without dread. Most of all, you’re ready to love yourself again & to face your future with hope.
Are you finding yourself feeling alone, on guard, & powerless? Do you sometimes turn to desperate ways of coping in order to escape your pain? Are you angry that you cannot seem to just “get over it” & continue to repeat unhealthy patterns? If so, I see you & I am so glad you found this place. I know you're ready for some relief. You’re ready to nurture your relationships without your past getting in the way. You’re ready to wake up each morning without dread. Most of all, you’re ready to love yourself again & to face your future with hope.
(740) 218-4068 View (740) 218-4068
Photo of Heather Rae Cooper, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Athens, OH
Heather Rae Cooper
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC, MEd
Verified
Athens, OH 45701  (Online Only)
Heather is an experienced Master's level Clinical Mental Health Therapist (LPCC) providing individual therapy and has a passion for working in integrated health. It is her special interest to work with marginalized populations, including individuals within the LGBTQIA+ population.
Heather is an experienced Master's level Clinical Mental Health Therapist (LPCC) providing individual therapy and has a passion for working in integrated health. It is her special interest to work with marginalized populations, including individuals within the LGBTQIA+ population.
(740) 679-6457 View (740) 679-6457
Photo of Bradford Meyers, Psychologist in Athens, OH
Bradford Meyers
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Athens, OH 45701
Building a trusting, collaborative relationship is at the forefront of my work, though I’m aware this looks differently with each of my clients. I see the process of change as occurring in the context of relationships and through exploration of patterns that may be preventing one from living a fulfilling life. Through the discovery of these patterns, we can begin to understand how to live life more genuinely. I am a relational and psychodynamic therapist who incorporates various therapeutic approaches and interventions, including cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness techniques.
Building a trusting, collaborative relationship is at the forefront of my work, though I’m aware this looks differently with each of my clients. I see the process of change as occurring in the context of relationships and through exploration of patterns that may be preventing one from living a fulfilling life. Through the discovery of these patterns, we can begin to understand how to live life more genuinely. I am a relational and psychodynamic therapist who incorporates various therapeutic approaches and interventions, including cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness techniques.
(740) 520-4363 View (740) 520-4363
Photo of Judith Smithchild, Counselor in Athens, OH
Judith Smithchild
Counselor, MEd, LPCC, LICDC, NCC
Verified
Athens, OH 45701  (Online Only)
I have been providing quality psychotherapy services in Ohio for over 35 years. I have been offering video-audio TELETHERAPY sessions on-line to Ohio residents only with pre-approved insurance payors or self-pay for the past three years. I am skilled, patient, & effective in helping other with current/chronic distressing issues or situations. I counsel clients to learn effective communication & self-care skills to help improve the quality of their life and relationships. I work with couples to heal broken trust in relationships impacted by emotional or physical affairs.
I have been providing quality psychotherapy services in Ohio for over 35 years. I have been offering video-audio TELETHERAPY sessions on-line to Ohio residents only with pre-approved insurance payors or self-pay for the past three years. I am skilled, patient, & effective in helping other with current/chronic distressing issues or situations. I counsel clients to learn effective communication & self-care skills to help improve the quality of their life and relationships. I work with couples to heal broken trust in relationships impacted by emotional or physical affairs.
(740) 358-0849 View (740) 358-0849
Photo of Rebecca Faith Rich-Fidler, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Athens, OH
Rebecca Faith Rich-Fidler
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, MA, LPCC-S, LICDC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, OH 45701
Please call me Faith. Having lived and worked in Hocking Co (Ohio), for the better part of 35 years. If you're looking for a comfortable setting, with a calm atmosphere, then you've come to the right place. I specialize in anxiety, depression, bipolar, and trauma, and working with adults, ages 18 and older. If you're looking for insight, experience, acceptance, unconditional regard, and a healthy dose of wisdom, email or call today. If you need the best in clinical expertise in Hocking Co, look no further. PLEASE note, if you send an email, check your junkmail folder for a reply, as they often land there first.
Please call me Faith. Having lived and worked in Hocking Co (Ohio), for the better part of 35 years. If you're looking for a comfortable setting, with a calm atmosphere, then you've come to the right place. I specialize in anxiety, depression, bipolar, and trauma, and working with adults, ages 18 and older. If you're looking for insight, experience, acceptance, unconditional regard, and a healthy dose of wisdom, email or call today. If you need the best in clinical expertise in Hocking Co, look no further. PLEASE note, if you send an email, check your junkmail folder for a reply, as they often land there first.
(740) 513-3078 View (740) 513-3078
Photo of Liberty Counseling & Consultation LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Athens, OH
Liberty Counseling & Consultation LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LISW, LICDC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, OH 45701
There are times in all of our lives when we feel stuck. It is during these difficult times that we need a listening ear, a caring heart, someone with compassion and skill that will assist us in overcoming our challenges so we can get on with our lives. At Liberty Counseling & Consultation, it is our greatest reward to assist you in this process. We provide a nurturing, non-judgmental environment in which you can feel safe to share the matters of your heart.
There are times in all of our lives when we feel stuck. It is during these difficult times that we need a listening ear, a caring heart, someone with compassion and skill that will assist us in overcoming our challenges so we can get on with our lives. At Liberty Counseling & Consultation, it is our greatest reward to assist you in this process. We provide a nurturing, non-judgmental environment in which you can feel safe to share the matters of your heart.
(220) 766-4165 View (220) 766-4165
Photo of Kelsey Chapman, Psychologist in Athens, OH
Kelsey Chapman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, OH 45701  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Currently not accepting new clients. Life can be challenging and it can be difficult to know how to cope. Often we can feel overwhelmed and paralyzed when dealing with difficult situations and emotions. We may develop patterns of coping that lead us to feel stuck or isolated, particularly when we struggle with symptoms of anxiety and depression. If you hope to explore and process these feelings, patterns, and situations and find more adaptive ways to cope, I would be honored to support you along the way. I believe that, together, we can find a positive, therapeutic path.
Currently not accepting new clients. Life can be challenging and it can be difficult to know how to cope. Often we can feel overwhelmed and paralyzed when dealing with difficult situations and emotions. We may develop patterns of coping that lead us to feel stuck or isolated, particularly when we struggle with symptoms of anxiety and depression. If you hope to explore and process these feelings, patterns, and situations and find more adaptive ways to cope, I would be honored to support you along the way. I believe that, together, we can find a positive, therapeutic path.
(740) 499-7135 View (740) 499-7135
Photo of Amanda Brumfield, Licensed Professional Counselor in Athens, OH
Amanda Brumfield
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, LSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Athens, OH 45701  (Online Only)
You've been struggling and you feel like you're stuck on this never ending cycle. You may be struggling with depression, anxiety, substance abuse, or have a history of trauma. You want to feel better but don't know how. I'm here to help.
You've been struggling and you feel like you're stuck on this never ending cycle. You may be struggling with depression, anxiety, substance abuse, or have a history of trauma. You want to feel better but don't know how. I'm here to help.
(740) 807-5136 View (740) 807-5136
Photo of Well Balanced Counseling, LLC, Counselor in Athens, OH
Well Balanced Counseling, LLC
Counselor, MEd, LPCC-S
Verified
Athens, OH 45701
Not accepting new clients
Life has its challenges, and sometimes that new challenge can make life feel like a juggling act. Whether you are experiencing a recent trauma or having difficulty managing the daily stressors of life, Judy Wymer of Well Balanced Counseling, is here to help guide you through your journey as you learn to balance life in a healthier way.
Life has its challenges, and sometimes that new challenge can make life feel like a juggling act. Whether you are experiencing a recent trauma or having difficulty managing the daily stressors of life, Judy Wymer of Well Balanced Counseling, is here to help guide you through your journey as you learn to balance life in a healthier way.
(740) 205-8315 View (740) 205-8315
Photo of Logan Fang, Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor in Athens, OH
Logan Fang
Licensed Professional Clinical Counselor, LPCC
Verified
3 Endorsed
Athens, OH 45701  (Online Only)
I'm Logan (they/them) and I'm an East Asian non-binary person who has lived insight into what it’s like to not be white, cis, or straight in a state like Ohio. I’ve lived in the Midwest my whole life, and I also come from a background of being raised in Christian/immigrant communities. I have experience working with the following: QTBIPOC communities, neurodivergent people, and people living with HIV. I’ve also got experience working specifically with trans clients who are exploring their transition process. I think it's crucial to provide empowering and identity-specific therapy spaces, especially for QTBIPOC right now.
I'm Logan (they/them) and I'm an East Asian non-binary person who has lived insight into what it’s like to not be white, cis, or straight in a state like Ohio. I’ve lived in the Midwest my whole life, and I also come from a background of being raised in Christian/immigrant communities. I have experience working with the following: QTBIPOC communities, neurodivergent people, and people living with HIV. I’ve also got experience working specifically with trans clients who are exploring their transition process. I think it's crucial to provide empowering and identity-specific therapy spaces, especially for QTBIPOC right now.
(614) 714-5650 View (614) 714-5650
Photo of Paula Lange, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Athens, OH
Paula Lange
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LISW-S
Verified
2 Endorsed
Athens, OH 45701  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Life can be hard. It can be really hard. And when life gets hard... we often find that we're just existing, somehow dragging ourselves through long days with little joy or hope for something better. We are burdened by: racing thoughts (we can overthink everything!), worry, sleepless nights, sadness, tearfulness, even anger over where we have landed in this crazy world. If you've experienced that aching pit in your stomach and are not sure what to do next, I hope you will call me.
Life can be hard. It can be really hard. And when life gets hard... we often find that we're just existing, somehow dragging ourselves through long days with little joy or hope for something better. We are burdened by: racing thoughts (we can overthink everything!), worry, sleepless nights, sadness, tearfulness, even anger over where we have landed in this crazy world. If you've experienced that aching pit in your stomach and are not sure what to do next, I hope you will call me.
(513) 904-9322 View (513) 904-9322

See more therapy options for Athens

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Athens, OH

30+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Athens, OH who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
87% Depression
81% Self Esteem
77% Trauma and PTSD
74% Relationship Issues
74% Coping Skills
74% Women's Issues

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
81% Anthem | Elevance
77% Aetna

How Therapists in Athens, OH see their clients

52% In Person and Online
48% Online Only

Gender breakdown

76% Female
18% Male
6% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Athens?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.