Therapists in Tuxedo Park, NY

Photo of Bonnie T LaBar, Counselor in Tuxedo Park, NY
Bonnie T LaBar
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Tuxedo Park, NY 10987
Not accepting new clients
As a compassionate and dedicated Licensed Mental Health Counselor, I specialize in providing person-centered therapeutic support to adolescents and adults navigating the complexities of anxiety, depression, grief, anger issues, and life stressors. My mission is to create a warm and empathetic space where individuals can explore their thoughts, feelings, and challenges, empowering them to achieve lasting emotional well-being. With a wealth of experience working with diverse populations, I have successfully supported adolescents and adults in overcoming a range of mental health concerns.
As a compassionate and dedicated Licensed Mental Health Counselor, I specialize in providing person-centered therapeutic support to adolescents and adults navigating the complexities of anxiety, depression, grief, anger issues, and life stressors. My mission is to create a warm and empathetic space where individuals can explore their thoughts, feelings, and challenges, empowering them to achieve lasting emotional well-being. With a wealth of experience working with diverse populations, I have successfully supported adolescents and adults in overcoming a range of mental health concerns.
(845) 393-9076 View (845) 393-9076
Photo of Marina Sud, Psychologist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Marina Sud
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Tuxedo Park, NY 10987  (Online Only)
Virtual practice only. I am a licensed clinical psychologist with +20 years of experience in working with adults struggling with loss, experiencing depression, attentional difficulties, stress, anxiety, trauma, and problematic relationships. My approach is best described as evidence-based and spiritually integrated psychotherapy, which strives to help people overcome their mental health challenges, as well as achieve spiritual healing.
Virtual practice only. I am a licensed clinical psychologist with +20 years of experience in working with adults struggling with loss, experiencing depression, attentional difficulties, stress, anxiety, trauma, and problematic relationships. My approach is best described as evidence-based and spiritually integrated psychotherapy, which strives to help people overcome their mental health challenges, as well as achieve spiritual healing.
(845) 456-8662 View (845) 456-8662
Photo of Emily Buono, Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Tuxedo Park, NY
Emily Buono
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Tuxedo Park, NY 10987  (Online Only)
I believe we all want to wake up feeling happy and fulfilled each day, but sometimes life throws a wrench in our plans. Have you been feeling overwhelmed, stuck, or lost lately? Are you trying to find meaning in your current situation? Or, perhaps you need a dedicated space to explore and get a deeper understanding of your life's experiences? If you're looking to build skills to manage stress, gain insight into your innermost processes, and recognize patterns in your interpersonal relationships, all while learning how to be kinder to yourself, I want to provide you with a supportive environment to help you achieve those goals.
I believe we all want to wake up feeling happy and fulfilled each day, but sometimes life throws a wrench in our plans. Have you been feeling overwhelmed, stuck, or lost lately? Are you trying to find meaning in your current situation? Or, perhaps you need a dedicated space to explore and get a deeper understanding of your life's experiences? If you're looking to build skills to manage stress, gain insight into your innermost processes, and recognize patterns in your interpersonal relationships, all while learning how to be kinder to yourself, I want to provide you with a supportive environment to help you achieve those goals.
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Photo of Jessica D Buck in Tuxedo Park, NY
Jessica D Buck
MS, C-IAYT, RYT-500
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Tuxedo Park, NY 10987
I have learned that when we can increase our ability to regulate our stress response, we can truly change the way we engage in our life in a more meaningful and purposeful way. You don’t have to believe that stress and anxiety controls your life, you have the agency to choose how you breathe and how you move. It starts with bringing awareness to these aspects of you first and then working with your capacity where you are. I’d love to be a part of your evolution and I am eager to get to apply this unique integrative lens that combines multiple modalities through a compassionate trauma-informed lens.
I have learned that when we can increase our ability to regulate our stress response, we can truly change the way we engage in our life in a more meaningful and purposeful way. You don’t have to believe that stress and anxiety controls your life, you have the agency to choose how you breathe and how you move. It starts with bringing awareness to these aspects of you first and then working with your capacity where you are. I’d love to be a part of your evolution and I am eager to get to apply this unique integrative lens that combines multiple modalities through a compassionate trauma-informed lens.
(845) 280-5983 View (845) 280-5983
Photo of Jennifer Passanisi, Counselor in Tuxedo Park, NY
Jennifer Passanisi
Counselor, LMHC, LCAT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tuxedo Park, NY 10987
This is the most challenging step of your recovery journey. You do not have to navigate this chapter alone, whether you are here because you are struggling or your child is struggling. My creative approach offers a safe space that encourages emotional growth and healing for children, teens, and adults alike. If you have a difficult time articulating what you are feeling, self-expression through art can be useful. Together, we will use the creative process along with CBT and DBT approaches to highlight and analyze problems and difficulties. The therapeutic work is based on the creative process, not the product.
This is the most challenging step of your recovery journey. You do not have to navigate this chapter alone, whether you are here because you are struggling or your child is struggling. My creative approach offers a safe space that encourages emotional growth and healing for children, teens, and adults alike. If you have a difficult time articulating what you are feeling, self-expression through art can be useful. Together, we will use the creative process along with CBT and DBT approaches to highlight and analyze problems and difficulties. The therapeutic work is based on the creative process, not the product.
(845) 606-4548 View (845) 606-4548
Photo of Anna Urbaniak, Psychologist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Anna Urbaniak
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tuxedo Park, NY 10987  (Online Only)
Take the first step towards improving your mental health and discover personalized treatment options tailored to your unique needs. I'm genuinely passionate about guiding individuals through challenges such as generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety, phobias, OCD, PTSD, and insomnia. When you schedule with me, you'll experience evidence-based treatments customized to suit you. I incorporate effective approaches like Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), and mindfulness components. Plus, I believe in infusing humor when appropriate.
Take the first step towards improving your mental health and discover personalized treatment options tailored to your unique needs. I'm genuinely passionate about guiding individuals through challenges such as generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety, phobias, OCD, PTSD, and insomnia. When you schedule with me, you'll experience evidence-based treatments customized to suit you. I incorporate effective approaches like Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT), and mindfulness components. Plus, I believe in infusing humor when appropriate.
(732) 487-3894 View (732) 487-3894
Photo of Gabrielle Fassman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Gabrielle Fassman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tuxedo Park, NY 10987
My hope is to create a safe, nonjudgmental space to offer you the opportunity for self-growth, self-reflection, and develop ultimate balance within yourself. My practice is psychodynamically informed and inspired by a belief that properly guided therapeutic work can provide a sense of freedom when we are motivated and willing to make brave changes. My priority is to build a strong therapeutic connection in order to inspire and support your growth. I specialize in adolescents and adults struggling with mood disorders, substance abuse/misuse disorders, eating disorders, gender identity and sexuality issues, and survivors of trauma.
My hope is to create a safe, nonjudgmental space to offer you the opportunity for self-growth, self-reflection, and develop ultimate balance within yourself. My practice is psychodynamically informed and inspired by a belief that properly guided therapeutic work can provide a sense of freedom when we are motivated and willing to make brave changes. My priority is to build a strong therapeutic connection in order to inspire and support your growth. I specialize in adolescents and adults struggling with mood disorders, substance abuse/misuse disorders, eating disorders, gender identity and sexuality issues, and survivors of trauma.
(845) 209-0954 View (845) 209-0954
Photo of Jordan Boston LMHC, Counselor in Tuxedo Park, NY
Jordan Boston LMHC
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Tuxedo Park, NY 10987  (Online Only)
Ready to give therapy a try? I know that seeking help can be a difficult decision, and there is no greater importance than finding the right fit for you and your needs. Together, we will work towards navigating relationship difficulties, life transitions, complex traumas, mood dysregulation, substance misuse, and overall improving your daily functioning. You can expect to be met by unwavering support and tailored interventions to address your goals. My practice is centered around a non-judgmental perspective, and I often use a healthy dose of humor in our sessions to lighten the mood and make therapy a more enjoyable experience.
Ready to give therapy a try? I know that seeking help can be a difficult decision, and there is no greater importance than finding the right fit for you and your needs. Together, we will work towards navigating relationship difficulties, life transitions, complex traumas, mood dysregulation, substance misuse, and overall improving your daily functioning. You can expect to be met by unwavering support and tailored interventions to address your goals. My practice is centered around a non-judgmental perspective, and I often use a healthy dose of humor in our sessions to lighten the mood and make therapy a more enjoyable experience.
(845) 552-2429 View (845) 552-2429

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Therapy In Motion LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Therapy In Motion LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSWR
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Monroe, NY 10949
Are you willing to invest time into your personal growth to improve your quality of life? Are you struggling with "the hamster on the wheel," and other symptoms of anxiety and depression? I believe we all need someone outside of our personal lives to provide an objective and confidential ear with feedback in order to discover our own solutions that reside within ourselves.
Are you willing to invest time into your personal growth to improve your quality of life? Are you struggling with "the hamster on the wheel," and other symptoms of anxiety and depression? I believe we all need someone outside of our personal lives to provide an objective and confidential ear with feedback in order to discover our own solutions that reside within ourselves.
(845) 237-5874 View (845) 237-5874
Photo of Brendaliz Fadul, Counselor in Tuxedo Park, NY
Brendaliz Fadul
Counselor, LMHC, RYT
Verified Verified
Harriman, NY 10926  (Online Only)
Therapy for Latinx individual who identifies as queer. They grew up in a traditional Latinx household where discussions about mental health were taboo, and expressions of queerness were often met with judgment or rejection. They have experienced various forms of trauma, including discrimination, rejection from family members, and struggles with self-acceptance. They require a therapy environment that is safe, inclusive, and affirming of their intersecting identities as a Latinx and queer individual. They need a therapist who understands the cultural nuances and challenges faced by both community. They need trauma-informed care.
Therapy for Latinx individual who identifies as queer. They grew up in a traditional Latinx household where discussions about mental health were taboo, and expressions of queerness were often met with judgment or rejection. They have experienced various forms of trauma, including discrimination, rejection from family members, and struggles with self-acceptance. They require a therapy environment that is safe, inclusive, and affirming of their intersecting identities as a Latinx and queer individual. They need a therapist who understands the cultural nuances and challenges faced by both community. They need trauma-informed care.
(929) 822-5259 View (929) 822-5259
Photo of Elizabeth Driscoll, Counselor in Tuxedo Park, NY
Elizabeth Driscoll
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Monroe, NY 10950
I whole-heartedly believe in the concept of “Feel then Heal.” Together, we can explore what is going on that is preventing you from living the life you want to live and cultivate solutions that realistically fit your life. I take a strength-based approach to counseling and believe you already possess the answers you need to become the best version of yourself, and that it is simply my job to help you find them. We can explore the thought patterns that may be preventing you from being able to move towards your goals and actively begin thinking about situations in a more positive way.
I whole-heartedly believe in the concept of “Feel then Heal.” Together, we can explore what is going on that is preventing you from living the life you want to live and cultivate solutions that realistically fit your life. I take a strength-based approach to counseling and believe you already possess the answers you need to become the best version of yourself, and that it is simply my job to help you find them. We can explore the thought patterns that may be preventing you from being able to move towards your goals and actively begin thinking about situations in a more positive way.
(732) 737-6850 View (732) 737-6850
Photo of Jessica C. Sullivan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Jessica C. Sullivan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Monroe, NY 10950
Not accepting new clients
Therapy is a partnership on your journey to find balance and peace. Together, we'll experience a close and meaningful therapeutic relationship, which is the ultimate foundation for successful therapy. Through my years of practice, I've worked intently to create a safe, peaceful and comfortable space for clients to connect with themselves on a deeper level. My approach is strengths-based, nonjudgmental and tailored to your specific needs. Each session, you will learn techniques to help you tackle the daily challenges of life and I'll be there to support you each step of the way.
Therapy is a partnership on your journey to find balance and peace. Together, we'll experience a close and meaningful therapeutic relationship, which is the ultimate foundation for successful therapy. Through my years of practice, I've worked intently to create a safe, peaceful and comfortable space for clients to connect with themselves on a deeper level. My approach is strengths-based, nonjudgmental and tailored to your specific needs. Each session, you will learn techniques to help you tackle the daily challenges of life and I'll be there to support you each step of the way.
(845) 867-2641 View (845) 867-2641
Photo of Lisa M Moranz, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Lisa M Moranz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MS
Verified Verified
Monroe, NY 10950
It is an honor and a privilege to partner with individuals struggling with a wide range of challenges in everyday life. The work I do with those individuals helps to bring forth the beauty, strength and power within each one of us. This shift allows an individual to overcome issues and begin to thrive. I am passionate about this work and hope that passion enhances the quality of the relationships built with everyone I serve.
It is an honor and a privilege to partner with individuals struggling with a wide range of challenges in everyday life. The work I do with those individuals helps to bring forth the beauty, strength and power within each one of us. This shift allows an individual to overcome issues and begin to thrive. I am passionate about this work and hope that passion enhances the quality of the relationships built with everyone I serve.
(845) 723-3577 View (845) 723-3577
Photo of Alexandra Scutaro, Counselor in Tuxedo Park, NY
Alexandra Scutaro
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Warwick, NY 10990  (Online Only)
"You are braver than you believe, stronger than you seem, and smarter than you think." - Christopher Robin. There is strength and balance in all of us, but sometimes circumstances, thoughts, and emotions create a fog that make the good things hard to see and leave you feeling overwhelmed and alone. Whether you are experiencing anxiety, depression, relational, vocational, or any life stress, you are not alone, change is possible, and therapy can help.
"You are braver than you believe, stronger than you seem, and smarter than you think." - Christopher Robin. There is strength and balance in all of us, but sometimes circumstances, thoughts, and emotions create a fog that make the good things hard to see and leave you feeling overwhelmed and alone. Whether you are experiencing anxiety, depression, relational, vocational, or any life stress, you are not alone, change is possible, and therapy can help.
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Photo of Jessica Wolsiefer-Asia, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Jessica Wolsiefer-Asia
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Warwick, NY 10990  (Online Only)
I am deeply committed to providing high-quality, personalized treatment to meet your specific needs. With years of experience in my field, I bring a wealth of knowledge and expertise that can help you achieve your individual goals.
I am deeply committed to providing high-quality, personalized treatment to meet your specific needs. With years of experience in my field, I bring a wealth of knowledge and expertise that can help you achieve your individual goals.
(845) 415-6117 View (845) 415-6117
Photo of Warren W Skov, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Warren W Skov
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CASAC
Verified Verified
Warwick, NY 10990
Are you at an impasse, or facing emotional difficulties that are getting in the way of your progress in life? These conditions can manifest in your home life, at work, or even within yourself. I welcome the opportunity to work together, building on your strengths and abilities, to overcome these obstacles and help you move forward in the most productive manner possible. I believe in your ability to grow and learn, even from the most difficult of life's challenges. Often this is best done with the support and guidance of a highly experienced counselor who is committed to life long learning.
Are you at an impasse, or facing emotional difficulties that are getting in the way of your progress in life? These conditions can manifest in your home life, at work, or even within yourself. I welcome the opportunity to work together, building on your strengths and abilities, to overcome these obstacles and help you move forward in the most productive manner possible. I believe in your ability to grow and learn, even from the most difficult of life's challenges. Often this is best done with the support and guidance of a highly experienced counselor who is committed to life long learning.
(845) 261-1214 View (845) 261-1214
Photo of Rachel Formale, Mental Health Counselor in Tuxedo Park, NY
Rachel Formale
Mental Health Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Monroe, NY 10950
Asking for help is hard. It’s so natural for us as humans to suffer in silence, to hide ourselves because of the shame that we feel about saying, “Hey, I’m struggling.” My goal is to help you have the hard conversations. To listen to how you’re feeling, and to help you get what you need. You don’t have to do it alone. I aim to offer support to anyone who is struggling with their mental health by practicing a person-centered approach and utilizing my experience with a variety of approaches, including CBT, DBT, motivational interviewing, positive psychology, mindfulness and coping skills development.
Asking for help is hard. It’s so natural for us as humans to suffer in silence, to hide ourselves because of the shame that we feel about saying, “Hey, I’m struggling.” My goal is to help you have the hard conversations. To listen to how you’re feeling, and to help you get what you need. You don’t have to do it alone. I aim to offer support to anyone who is struggling with their mental health by practicing a person-centered approach and utilizing my experience with a variety of approaches, including CBT, DBT, motivational interviewing, positive psychology, mindfulness and coping skills development.
(845) 506-1439 View (845) 506-1439
Photo of Ilysa Memmer, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Ilysa Memmer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Warwick, NY 10990
I am a Licensed Social Worker in both New Jersey and New York and received my Master’s Degree in Social Work from Ramapo College of New Jersey. I am trained in EMDR and specialize in working with children, adolescents, adults and couples with a focus on anxiety, depression, substance use disorders, grief and trauma. I also come from a creative background and love utilizing skills such as photography, soul collage and other expressive therapy modalities as tools to engage with clients. I'm focused on providing person-centered and trauma-informed care while creating a safe and compassionate environment.
I am a Licensed Social Worker in both New Jersey and New York and received my Master’s Degree in Social Work from Ramapo College of New Jersey. I am trained in EMDR and specialize in working with children, adolescents, adults and couples with a focus on anxiety, depression, substance use disorders, grief and trauma. I also come from a creative background and love utilizing skills such as photography, soul collage and other expressive therapy modalities as tools to engage with clients. I'm focused on providing person-centered and trauma-informed care while creating a safe and compassionate environment.
(845) 328-2313 View (845) 328-2313
Photo of Hudson Valley Center for Development, Psychologist in Tuxedo Park, NY
Hudson Valley Center for Development
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Monroe, NY 10950
The Hudson Valley Center for Development is a Mt. Sinai associated mental health services practice created in 2007 to meet the emotional needs of adults, children, adolescents, and families in Orange County and the lower Hudson Valley. Our warm and experienced staff provide in person psychotherapy and tele-therapy.
The Hudson Valley Center for Development is a Mt. Sinai associated mental health services practice created in 2007 to meet the emotional needs of adults, children, adolescents, and families in Orange County and the lower Hudson Valley. Our warm and experienced staff provide in person psychotherapy and tele-therapy.
(845) 295-1438 View (845) 295-1438
Photo of Chuck Markham, Licensed Professional Counselor in Tuxedo Park, NY
Chuck Markham
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Warwick, NY 10990
Couples who realize they have grown apart who are ready to make the marriage work: People in early recovery from drugs and alcohol ready to move forward: Teens that are heading in the wrong direction who would like to turn things right. These are my top clients
Couples who realize they have grown apart who are ready to make the marriage work: People in early recovery from drugs and alcohol ready to move forward: Teens that are heading in the wrong direction who would like to turn things right. These are my top clients
(973) 287-4396 View (973) 287-4396

See more therapy options for Tuxedo Park

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Tuxedo Park, NY

< 10

Therapists in Tuxedo Park, NY who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
88% Depression
88% Trauma and PTSD
88% Coping Skills
88% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues
75% Grief

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% Cigna and Evernorth
100% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Tuxedo Park, NY see their clients

50% In Person and Online
50% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Tuxedo Park?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.