Therapists in Pine Bush, NY

Richard Brondsky
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSWR
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566
greetings, I have been a counselor/therapist of over 35 years. First in a Mental Health Clinic and for the last 16 years at a counseling center. I see my role as helping people regain the balance that is missing in their lives. I find great satisfaction in seeing people regain the ability to manage any issues or conflicts they have been struggling with. If you are having problems coping with anxiety, depression, relationships or relapse prevention I know we can do great work together.
greetings, I have been a counselor/therapist of over 35 years. First in a Mental Health Clinic and for the last 16 years at a counseling center. I see my role as helping people regain the balance that is missing in their lives. I find great satisfaction in seeing people regain the ability to manage any issues or conflicts they have been struggling with. If you are having problems coping with anxiety, depression, relationships or relapse prevention I know we can do great work together.
(845) 253-4217 View (845) 253-4217
Photo of Elyse Cavadi, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Elyse Cavadi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566  (Online Only)
My goal as a therapist is to help my client's achieve their own personal treatment goals, may that be processing trauma, learning new coping skills or simply having a non-biased person to speak with.
My goal as a therapist is to help my client's achieve their own personal treatment goals, may that be processing trauma, learning new coping skills or simply having a non-biased person to speak with.
(845) 681-6625 View (845) 681-6625
Photo of Kelli Ann Meland-Lewis, PhD, Psychologist
Kelli Ann Meland-Lewis
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I am a Cognitive Behavioral Psychologist.I form a therapeutic partnership with my clients to determine what their goals are, and how best to achieve these goals. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, or CBT, is a form of therapy whose tenet is that our thoughts cause both our feelings and our behaviors. This is an important concept because we can change the way we think so as to feel and act better, even when our external situations do not change.
I am a Cognitive Behavioral Psychologist.I form a therapeutic partnership with my clients to determine what their goals are, and how best to achieve these goals. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, or CBT, is a form of therapy whose tenet is that our thoughts cause both our feelings and our behaviors. This is an important concept because we can change the way we think so as to feel and act better, even when our external situations do not change.
(845) 406-9785 View (845) 406-9785
Photo of Cristina Bates-Mott, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Cristina Bates-Mott
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566
Hello, and thank you for viewing my profile. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in New York. My therapeutic approach is richly integrative, and based on where an individual is at. In these challenging times, and even in the best of circumstances, it can be difficult to cope, and it is not uncommon to feel stressed, anxious, or overwhelmed about life, one's family or financial situation, or the future. I would look forward to partnering with you, even if it's just to help you have a happier, more satisfying life.
Hello, and thank you for viewing my profile. I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in New York. My therapeutic approach is richly integrative, and based on where an individual is at. In these challenging times, and even in the best of circumstances, it can be difficult to cope, and it is not uncommon to feel stressed, anxious, or overwhelmed about life, one's family or financial situation, or the future. I would look forward to partnering with you, even if it's just to help you have a happier, more satisfying life.
(845) 363-4309 View (845) 363-4309
Photo of undefined - Pine Bush Mental Health Counseling, MS, LMHC, NCC, Counselor
Pine Bush Mental Health Counseling
Counselor, MS, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566
I work best with motivated individuals who will work with me and be courageous enough to be honest about their thoughts, feelings, and fears. My clients are expected to do assignments, readings, and offer feedback. I thoroughly enjoy seeing the progress that a child or an adult can make through self discovery that counseling offers. Ultimately we are the masters of our own lives, and it is by allowing the individual to unlock his or her own capabilities and potential, that the therapist is truly a success.
I work best with motivated individuals who will work with me and be courageous enough to be honest about their thoughts, feelings, and fears. My clients are expected to do assignments, readings, and offer feedback. I thoroughly enjoy seeing the progress that a child or an adult can make through self discovery that counseling offers. Ultimately we are the masters of our own lives, and it is by allowing the individual to unlock his or her own capabilities and potential, that the therapist is truly a success.
(845) 245-2095 View (845) 245-2095
Photo of undefined - Zen Life Therapy LLC, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Zen Life Therapy LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566  (Online Only)
You've made the decision to seek therapy and I want to welcome you. Therapy can sometimes be a difficult decision to make. We will explore this journey together. Whether you are healing, rediscovering, or reclaiming your life, I am here to meet your individualized need. I created a place that is safe and non-judgmental for you to reach your healing and goals. Life can be stressful and sometimes overwhelming. If you are here, you made the first step. The rest of the journey will be designed for us to work on your transformation for you to be the best version of yourself. I look forward to working with you!
You've made the decision to seek therapy and I want to welcome you. Therapy can sometimes be a difficult decision to make. We will explore this journey together. Whether you are healing, rediscovering, or reclaiming your life, I am here to meet your individualized need. I created a place that is safe and non-judgmental for you to reach your healing and goals. Life can be stressful and sometimes overwhelming. If you are here, you made the first step. The rest of the journey will be designed for us to work on your transformation for you to be the best version of yourself. I look forward to working with you!
(845) 497-6655 View (845) 497-6655
Photo of Tracyann Podias, MS, LMHC
Tracyann Podias
MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566
I work best with motivated individuals who will work with me and be courageous enough to be honest about their feelings, and fears. My clients are expected to do assignments, readings and offer feedback. I thoroughly enjoy the progress that an individual can make through self-discovery that counseling offers. Ultimately we are the masters of our own lives, and it is by allowing the individual to unlock their own capabilities and potential, that the therapist is truly a success. I offer my listening skills, a non-judgmental approach and respect for individual thoughts and feelings.
I work best with motivated individuals who will work with me and be courageous enough to be honest about their feelings, and fears. My clients are expected to do assignments, readings and offer feedback. I thoroughly enjoy the progress that an individual can make through self-discovery that counseling offers. Ultimately we are the masters of our own lives, and it is by allowing the individual to unlock their own capabilities and potential, that the therapist is truly a success. I offer my listening skills, a non-judgmental approach and respect for individual thoughts and feelings.
(845) 218-7963 View (845) 218-7963
Windsor Counseling West
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSWR
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566
Windsor Counseling West's licensed professionals provide caring and compassionate counseling services for adults, children, adolescents, couples, and families coping with a wide variety of issues and concerns, including: anxiety, depression, life partner issues, phase of life challenges, adolescent mood and behavioral issues, divorce, co-parenting, ADHD, school related issues, life stressors, employment / career related stressors, and interpersonal conflicts. Today life can be complex and challenging, and everyone at some point can benefit from therapeutic support and guidance. Whether struggling with parenting, marriage, career or family, or experiencing symptoms of common mental health concerns, we are here to help.
Windsor Counseling West's licensed professionals provide caring and compassionate counseling services for adults, children, adolescents, couples, and families coping with a wide variety of issues and concerns, including: anxiety, depression, life partner issues, phase of life challenges, adolescent mood and behavioral issues, divorce, co-parenting, ADHD, school related issues, life stressors, employment / career related stressors, and interpersonal conflicts. Today life can be complex and challenging, and everyone at some point can benefit from therapeutic support and guidance. Whether struggling with parenting, marriage, career or family, or experiencing symptoms of common mental health concerns, we are here to help.
(845) 764-8089 View (845) 764-8089
Photo of Stanley Goldstein, PhD, Psychologist
Stanley Goldstein
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566
I'm a clinical psychologist, the author of "Troubled Children/Troubled Parents," "Shopping For A Shrink," and other books. and have graduate school training from Columbia University, Ohio State University, and the Department of Child Psychiatry of the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. I've discussed child and parenting difficulties on national broadcasts including The Larry King Show and Court TV.
I'm a clinical psychologist, the author of "Troubled Children/Troubled Parents," "Shopping For A Shrink," and other books. and have graduate school training from Columbia University, Ohio State University, and the Department of Child Psychiatry of the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. I've discussed child and parenting difficulties on national broadcasts including The Larry King Show and Court TV.
(845) 281-2255 View (845) 281-2255
Photo of Diana Rubin, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Diana Rubin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
With over 25 years of experience, I do my best to customize treatment to each individual's unique needs. I have great respect for you -- my client -- and believe in working WITH you, using my skills as a therapist, to help you to achieve your goals. Always “judgment free”, I welcome and enjoy working with ALL individuals. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Insight-oriented, Strength Based, and Solution-Focused Therapy are my primary tools, but I promise that you will always be accepted the way you are – and always LGBTQ friendly! PLEASE NOTE THAT I DO NOT ACCEPT CLIENTS MANDATED THROUGH OR WITH ACTIVE COURT CASES.
With over 25 years of experience, I do my best to customize treatment to each individual's unique needs. I have great respect for you -- my client -- and believe in working WITH you, using my skills as a therapist, to help you to achieve your goals. Always “judgment free”, I welcome and enjoy working with ALL individuals. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Insight-oriented, Strength Based, and Solution-Focused Therapy are my primary tools, but I promise that you will always be accepted the way you are – and always LGBTQ friendly! PLEASE NOTE THAT I DO NOT ACCEPT CLIENTS MANDATED THROUGH OR WITH ACTIVE COURT CASES.
(845) 345-8182 View (845) 345-8182
Photo of Jessica C. Sullivan, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jessica C. Sullivan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
Pine Bush, NY 12566
Not accepting new clients
Therapy is a partnership on your journey to find balance and peace. Together, we'll experience a close and meaningful therapeutic relationship, which is the ultimate foundation for successful therapy. Through my years of practice, I've worked intently to create a safe, peaceful and comfortable space for clients to connect with themselves on a deeper level. My approach is strengths-based, nonjudgmental and tailored to your specific needs. Each session, you will learn techniques to help you tackle the daily challenges of life and I'll be there to support you each step of the way.
Therapy is a partnership on your journey to find balance and peace. Together, we'll experience a close and meaningful therapeutic relationship, which is the ultimate foundation for successful therapy. Through my years of practice, I've worked intently to create a safe, peaceful and comfortable space for clients to connect with themselves on a deeper level. My approach is strengths-based, nonjudgmental and tailored to your specific needs. Each session, you will learn techniques to help you tackle the daily challenges of life and I'll be there to support you each step of the way.
(845) 867-2641 View (845) 867-2641
Photo of Amy Boyer, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Amy Boyer
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566  (Online Only)
My specialty is helping people move to the core of their issues to see and feel the underlying root cause of the pain you are experiencing. I combine talk therapy with visualization, meditation and energy work to help each client open to the deeper beliefs and patterns that inform your present situation. I believe that as we face and resolve our inner pain, our outer world begins to shift and transform. We have the ability to change our current circumstances, communicate better and love ourselves and each other in healthier ways. By facing the inner pain we begin to heal ourselves from the inside out.
My specialty is helping people move to the core of their issues to see and feel the underlying root cause of the pain you are experiencing. I combine talk therapy with visualization, meditation and energy work to help each client open to the deeper beliefs and patterns that inform your present situation. I believe that as we face and resolve our inner pain, our outer world begins to shift and transform. We have the ability to change our current circumstances, communicate better and love ourselves and each other in healthier ways. By facing the inner pain we begin to heal ourselves from the inside out.
(917) 791-3180 View (917) 791-3180
Photo of Ashley Crover, LMHC, Counselor
Ashley Crover
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pine Bush, NY 12566
Are you struggling with something? Anything at all? Well then, you’re looking in the right place. I believe therapy should be a part of everyone's self-exploration and self-care process. Happiness and wellness comes from so many aspects of a person’s life. Until those parts are balanced and fulfilled, then struggles may exist. Whether it’s cognitive, social, romantic, spiritual, behavioral, or any other part of your existence, it’s important to me. My goal as a therapist is to help you become the best and happiest version of yourself. I’ll be right by your side, supporting you in every step of your process.
Are you struggling with something? Anything at all? Well then, you’re looking in the right place. I believe therapy should be a part of everyone's self-exploration and self-care process. Happiness and wellness comes from so many aspects of a person’s life. Until those parts are balanced and fulfilled, then struggles may exist. Whether it’s cognitive, social, romantic, spiritual, behavioral, or any other part of your existence, it’s important to me. My goal as a therapist is to help you become the best and happiest version of yourself. I’ll be right by your side, supporting you in every step of your process.
(845) 390-2539 View (845) 390-2539
Photo of Alyssa Gau, LMHC, Counselor
Alyssa Gau
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pine Bush, NY 12566
Take a breath. Making the choice to begin therapy is rarely an easy one. It can feel stressful and overwhelming - much like life itself. I welcome the opportunity to help guide you on this journey. My approach is collaborative and based around the belief that meaningful change occurs when people feel safe and supported.
Take a breath. Making the choice to begin therapy is rarely an easy one. It can feel stressful and overwhelming - much like life itself. I welcome the opportunity to help guide you on this journey. My approach is collaborative and based around the belief that meaningful change occurs when people feel safe and supported.
(845) 720-3849 View (845) 720-3849
Photo of Katherine Harvey, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Katherine Harvey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pine Bush, NY 12566
Engaging in the therapeutic process can add great value to your life, including a deeper understanding of yourself and having the space to identify areas for growth. It is a unique space for you, separate from your everyday life; a calming place to enter, to breathe, and take time to identify your thoughts and feelings in such a busy and fast-paced world. I aim to provide highly individualized treatment, in a non-judgmental and empowering way. treatment, in a non-judgmental and empowering way. I am passionate about working together, to provide an outlet of support, and allow for a space to heal, and build insight for growth.
Engaging in the therapeutic process can add great value to your life, including a deeper understanding of yourself and having the space to identify areas for growth. It is a unique space for you, separate from your everyday life; a calming place to enter, to breathe, and take time to identify your thoughts and feelings in such a busy and fast-paced world. I aim to provide highly individualized treatment, in a non-judgmental and empowering way. treatment, in a non-judgmental and empowering way. I am passionate about working together, to provide an outlet of support, and allow for a space to heal, and build insight for growth.
(845) 444-3685 View (845) 444-3685
Photo of Rachel Formale, LMHC
Rachel Formale
Mental Health Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Pine Bush, NY 12566
Asking for help is hard. It’s so natural for us as humans to suffer in silence, to hide ourselves because of the shame that we feel about saying, “Hey, I’m struggling.” My goal is to help you have the hard conversations. To listen to how you’re feeling, and to help you get what you need. You don’t have to do it alone. I aim to offer support to anyone who is struggling with their mental health by practicing a person-centered approach and utilizing my experience with a variety of approaches, including CBT, DBT, motivational interviewing, positive psychology, mindfulness and coping skills development.
Asking for help is hard. It’s so natural for us as humans to suffer in silence, to hide ourselves because of the shame that we feel about saying, “Hey, I’m struggling.” My goal is to help you have the hard conversations. To listen to how you’re feeling, and to help you get what you need. You don’t have to do it alone. I aim to offer support to anyone who is struggling with their mental health by practicing a person-centered approach and utilizing my experience with a variety of approaches, including CBT, DBT, motivational interviewing, positive psychology, mindfulness and coping skills development.
(845) 506-1439 View (845) 506-1439
Photo of Shawn Cammarota, LMHC, Counselor
Shawn Cammarota
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pine Bush, NY 12566
It is okay to not be okay. Worry, grief, loss, stress, anger, hurt, and other intense feelings can be overwhelming and also leave you feeling stuck and unable to see the light at the end of the tunnel. My approach invites you to grow and thrive at your own pace in a safe environment where you don’t have to navigate the path alone. I provide person-centered mindful therapy, drawing on powerful evidence-based approaches like dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and solutions-focused therapy.
It is okay to not be okay. Worry, grief, loss, stress, anger, hurt, and other intense feelings can be overwhelming and also leave you feeling stuck and unable to see the light at the end of the tunnel. My approach invites you to grow and thrive at your own pace in a safe environment where you don’t have to navigate the path alone. I provide person-centered mindful therapy, drawing on powerful evidence-based approaches like dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), and solutions-focused therapy.
(845) 385-2875 View (845) 385-2875
Photo of Jeanette Rivera, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jeanette Rivera
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pine Bush, NY 12566
My biggest takeaway throughout my clinical career is understanding the perplexity of mental health and how all too often, people can be misunderstood when we don’t take the time to listen. I am a strong believer in meeting the client where they are and not forcing the therapeutic process. My engagement skills revolve around maintaining flexibility and no judgement with whomever is in the room with me. It is vital to understand that our challenges don’t define us and we must value every person as an individual, not by their diagnosis, disability or trauma history.
My biggest takeaway throughout my clinical career is understanding the perplexity of mental health and how all too often, people can be misunderstood when we don’t take the time to listen. I am a strong believer in meeting the client where they are and not forcing the therapeutic process. My engagement skills revolve around maintaining flexibility and no judgement with whomever is in the room with me. It is vital to understand that our challenges don’t define us and we must value every person as an individual, not by their diagnosis, disability or trauma history.
(845) 280-5777 View (845) 280-5777
Photo of Jennifer Cardine, LMHC, Counselor
Jennifer Cardine
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pine Bush, NY 12566
I believe it is a privilege to enter your world and share your experience. In therapy, I believe in asking good questions and standing beside you as you choose healing, wellness, and meaningfulness. I use an eclectic mix of techniques from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Family Systems Therapy, Trust-Based Relational Intervention, and Integrative Medicine, based specifically on your needs and goals.
I believe it is a privilege to enter your world and share your experience. In therapy, I believe in asking good questions and standing beside you as you choose healing, wellness, and meaningfulness. I use an eclectic mix of techniques from Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavioral Therapy, Family Systems Therapy, Trust-Based Relational Intervention, and Integrative Medicine, based specifically on your needs and goals.
(845) 218-7204 View (845) 218-7204
Photo of Melissa Quinn, LMHC, CDBT, Counselor
Melissa Quinn
Counselor, LMHC, CDBT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Pine Bush, NY 12566
There are times in our lives when we feel lost, stuck, unhappy, or powerless. Sometimes we are unsure how we feel, or why we feel this way. Other times we are unsure or confused by what to do about it. Making the decision to start therapy can be an intimidating experience, and I truly appreciate the opportunity to partner with you in creating a safe, empathetic and comfortable environment in which to assist you with gaining a deeper understanding of yourself, as well as the skills and understanding needed to face life’s challenges with a sense of competence, confidence, and self-compassion.
There are times in our lives when we feel lost, stuck, unhappy, or powerless. Sometimes we are unsure how we feel, or why we feel this way. Other times we are unsure or confused by what to do about it. Making the decision to start therapy can be an intimidating experience, and I truly appreciate the opportunity to partner with you in creating a safe, empathetic and comfortable environment in which to assist you with gaining a deeper understanding of yourself, as well as the skills and understanding needed to face life’s challenges with a sense of competence, confidence, and self-compassion.
(845) 378-3147 View (845) 378-3147

See more therapy options for Pine Bush

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Pine Bush, NY

20+

Average cost per session

$135

Therapists in Pine Bush, NY who prioritize treating:

96% Depression
96% Anxiety
92% Self Esteem
88% Relationship Issues
88% Coping Skills
84% Trauma and PTSD
76% Stress

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Cigna and Evernorth
67% Aetna
58% Oxford

How Therapists in Pine Bush, NY see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

92% Female
8% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Pine Bush?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.