Family Therapy in New York, NY

Photo of Lily Kim, Counselor in New York, NY
Lily Kim
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
I have helped many clients address issues that include depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, relationship problems, family conflict, identity issues, cultural and intergenerational issues. My specialty is working with PTSD, attachment issues, grief and loss, illness and chronic pain. I am compassionate, nonjudging, and collaborative, and my commitment is to offer a safe space for clients so that they can feel accepted, curious, respected, and understood.
I have helped many clients address issues that include depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, relationship problems, family conflict, identity issues, cultural and intergenerational issues. My specialty is working with PTSD, attachment issues, grief and loss, illness and chronic pain. I am compassionate, nonjudging, and collaborative, and my commitment is to offer a safe space for clients so that they can feel accepted, curious, respected, and understood.
(646) 679-6562 View (646) 679-6562
Photo of Laila Elashaal in New York, NY
Laila Elashaal
MHC-LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10005  (Online Only)
My experience includes treating clients with depression, anxiety, trauma, substance use, identity conflicts, life transitions, family conflict,.
I am a New York based LP-Mental Health Counselor with Avena Psychological Services. I earned my Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from the City College of New York, and her Master’s degree in Clinical and Counseling Psychology from Columbia University. My style is eclectic and modern—one that centers around humor and radical acceptance to ultimately restore a sense of joy, peace, and hope into your life. As a mixed-race Arab-American, I hold an importance in shining light upon intersectional identities.
My experience includes treating clients with depression, anxiety, trauma, substance use, identity conflicts, life transitions, family conflict,.
I am a New York based LP-Mental Health Counselor with Avena Psychological Services. I earned my Bachelor’s degree in Psychology from the City College of New York, and her Master’s degree in Clinical and Counseling Psychology from Columbia University. My style is eclectic and modern—one that centers around humor and radical acceptance to ultimately restore a sense of joy, peace, and hope into your life. As a mixed-race Arab-American, I hold an importance in shining light upon intersectional identities.
(646) 760-5874 View (646) 760-5874
Photo of Jason Duncan, Psychologist in New York, NY
Jason Duncan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10006
Beyond treating individuals, I provide couples and family therapy.
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
Beyond treating individuals, I provide couples and family therapy.
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
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Photo of Laura Goorin, Psychologist in New York, NY
Laura Goorin
Psychologist, PhD, MA, MS, MPhil
Verified Verified
8 Endorsed
New York, NY 10007
I'm a psychologist who works with children, adolescents and adults, specializing in loss, trauma and family issues, in English and Spanish. I use integrative, strengths and evidenced-based therapy. I believe that humans are inherently wired for resilience. In particular contexts, our once healthy coping skills may prevent us from returning to our adaptive core. In therapy, I urge patients to learn to experience and tolerate emotions, access instinctive coping capacities and build a flexible mindset. This method allows patients to uncover strengths, and deepen their sense of hope, leading lives filled with vitality and exuberance.
I'm a psychologist who works with children, adolescents and adults, specializing in loss, trauma and family issues, in English and Spanish. I use integrative, strengths and evidenced-based therapy. I believe that humans are inherently wired for resilience. In particular contexts, our once healthy coping skills may prevent us from returning to our adaptive core. In therapy, I urge patients to learn to experience and tolerate emotions, access instinctive coping capacities and build a flexible mindset. This method allows patients to uncover strengths, and deepen their sense of hope, leading lives filled with vitality and exuberance.
(347) 450-4464 View (347) 450-4464
Photo of Ariela Vasserman, Psychologist in New York, NY
Ariela Vasserman
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
I am a Licensed Psychologist specialized in individual, couples, family, and group psychotherapy. I use Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) and psychodynamic theory to guide treatment in my private practice at NYU Psychiatry Associates. I see individuals and lead skills groups for those seeking help with emotion dysregulation, interpersonal difficulties, and crisis management. My interests also lie in working with anxiety and depressive symptoms associated with infertility, pregnancy, and work-family balance.
I am a Licensed Psychologist specialized in individual, couples, family, and group psychotherapy. I use Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) and psychodynamic theory to guide treatment in my private practice at NYU Psychiatry Associates. I see individuals and lead skills groups for those seeking help with emotion dysregulation, interpersonal difficulties, and crisis management. My interests also lie in working with anxiety and depressive symptoms associated with infertility, pregnancy, and work-family balance.
(917) 300-1896 View (917) 300-1896
Photo of Irina Gubenko - Bhava Therapy Group, Marriage & Family Therapist Associate in New York, NY
Irina Gubenko - Bhava Therapy Group
Marriage & Family Therapist Associate
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016
I am an Individual and Couple Therapist, Spiritual Teacher, and Intimacy Counselor. I hold a Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy and Master of Science in Education as well as certifications in Yoga and Mindfulness. I have 20+ years of experience serving families and children in New York City as an educator and a social emotional counselor. My background is also in facilitating women’s groups with an emphasis on emotional healing and overcoming trauma to foster a greater satisfaction in life.
I am an Individual and Couple Therapist, Spiritual Teacher, and Intimacy Counselor. I hold a Master of Arts in Marriage and Family Therapy and Master of Science in Education as well as certifications in Yoga and Mindfulness. I have 20+ years of experience serving families and children in New York City as an educator and a social emotional counselor. My background is also in facilitating women’s groups with an emphasis on emotional healing and overcoming trauma to foster a greater satisfaction in life.
(646) 759-9265 View (646) 759-9265
Photo of Cecilia Bichara, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Cecilia Bichara
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PLLC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10005  (Online Only)
Whether you are experiencing difficulties as an individual, with friends, family members, or your partner, Cecilia Bichara, LCSW uses a combination of psychodynamic practices that are individually tailored to meet your needs.
Whether you are feeling down, depleted, or in pain; if you’re wondering whether you are good enough, or having difficulties finding the motivation to start your day, psychotherapy is an effective way of rediscovering yourself. It allows you to get to the root of your symptoms and find the answers you are looking for in order to create a more fulfilling sense of self. As individuals, we all experience depression, anxiety, trauma in our lives, often more than once. You do not have to go through these issues alone.
Whether you are experiencing difficulties as an individual, with friends, family members, or your partner, Cecilia Bichara, LCSW uses a combination of psychodynamic practices that are individually tailored to meet your needs.
Whether you are feeling down, depleted, or in pain; if you’re wondering whether you are good enough, or having difficulties finding the motivation to start your day, psychotherapy is an effective way of rediscovering yourself. It allows you to get to the root of your symptoms and find the answers you are looking for in order to create a more fulfilling sense of self. As individuals, we all experience depression, anxiety, trauma in our lives, often more than once. You do not have to go through these issues alone.
(929) 552-3505 View (929) 552-3505
Photo of Jun Zhao, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Jun Zhao
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001
Drawing from systemic family therapy, queer theory, and liberation-based healing, I employ trauma-informed interventions with collaborative approach.
Healing starts when we know what to heal from, believe that we can heal, and connect with our inner and external resources to heal. As a relational therapist, I support individuals, couples and families in navigating life transitions and cross-cultural issues, managing mental health symptoms, processing shame, guilt, and loss, improving communication and intimacy, and addressing the impact of systemic oppression on our sense of self and our relationships. I'm committed to supporting BIPOC and LGBTQ+ community. Together we discover and embrace your authentic self, release your inner strengths for personal and relational growth.
Drawing from systemic family therapy, queer theory, and liberation-based healing, I employ trauma-informed interventions with collaborative approach.
Healing starts when we know what to heal from, believe that we can heal, and connect with our inner and external resources to heal. As a relational therapist, I support individuals, couples and families in navigating life transitions and cross-cultural issues, managing mental health symptoms, processing shame, guilt, and loss, improving communication and intimacy, and addressing the impact of systemic oppression on our sense of self and our relationships. I'm committed to supporting BIPOC and LGBTQ+ community. Together we discover and embrace your authentic self, release your inner strengths for personal and relational growth.
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Photo of Jason Duncan, Psychologist in New York, NY
Jason Duncan
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10021
Beyond treating individuals, I provide couples and family therapy.
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
Beyond treating individuals, I provide couples and family therapy.
I am a psychologist providing therapy and assessment services for children through adults. I have extensive clinical experience and am an expert Cognitive Behavioral Therapist. I’ve been trained by top therapy institutes, am a board member for well accomplished CBT organizations, and run the official podcast for the national CBT organization. I strive to regularly advance my knowledge and provide leading scientific treatments. I specialize in the treatment of anxiety, depression, panic, OCD, trauma, stress, insomnia, ADHD, defiance, and work/school issues. Many of my clients lead busy lives; therefore, I offer evening appointments.
Photo of Somaly Nou, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Somaly Nou
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010
Are you feeling overwhelmed in areas of your life including career, relationships, family; or notice you are repeating the same patterns? Perhaps, you are looking for ways to create a more balanced life and build closer relationships. Maybe you are looking for more fulfillment and meaning than your job provides, or experiencing unhappiness but you are unsure what to do about it. I understand that life can be hectic and sometimes we can get caught up in the events of daily life, experiencing anxiety or doubts about ourselves.
Are you feeling overwhelmed in areas of your life including career, relationships, family; or notice you are repeating the same patterns? Perhaps, you are looking for ways to create a more balanced life and build closer relationships. Maybe you are looking for more fulfillment and meaning than your job provides, or experiencing unhappiness but you are unsure what to do about it. I understand that life can be hectic and sometimes we can get caught up in the events of daily life, experiencing anxiety or doubts about ourselves.
(917) 451-6288 View (917) 451-6288
Photo of Sybil A Young in New York, NY
Sybil A Young
LMHC
Not Verified Not Verified
3 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
I have succesfully engaged with individuals, families and couples, as well as children, that have had personal struggles with depression, suicide, family conflict, domestic violence, drugs and alcohol, including a range of other life issues.
Have you come to the point in your life where you desire to see a change? You've come to the right place. Begin your journey toward change, where you will have the opportunity to be heard, supported and encouraged to discover your own personal strength to achieve a sense of normalcy in your life. Come to an environment where you can feel free to express feelings of fear, insecurity, loneliness, anger, pain, sadness, etc. The time for change has come.....
I have succesfully engaged with individuals, families and couples, as well as children, that have had personal struggles with depression, suicide, family conflict, domestic violence, drugs and alcohol, including a range of other life issues.
Have you come to the point in your life where you desire to see a change? You've come to the right place. Begin your journey toward change, where you will have the opportunity to be heard, supported and encouraged to discover your own personal strength to achieve a sense of normalcy in your life. Come to an environment where you can feel free to express feelings of fear, insecurity, loneliness, anger, pain, sadness, etc. The time for change has come.....
(917) 746-0072 View (917) 746-0072
Photo of Joan M Yager, Psychologist in New York, NY
Joan M Yager
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10023
Do you need help dealing with your relationships, work, family, and self-esteem? As a psychologist with many years of experience, I combine empathy, psychological insight, and feedback to help you gain greater self-awareness and empower you to make positive changes in your life. I do both individual and couple's therapy and am able to blend my psychoanalytic training with other modalities such as anxiety reduction techniques. I have over 15 years of experience in college/grad school counseling from my work at Columbia University and have also helped adults through other important life stages and challenges.
Do you need help dealing with your relationships, work, family, and self-esteem? As a psychologist with many years of experience, I combine empathy, psychological insight, and feedback to help you gain greater self-awareness and empower you to make positive changes in your life. I do both individual and couple's therapy and am able to blend my psychoanalytic training with other modalities such as anxiety reduction techniques. I have over 15 years of experience in college/grad school counseling from my work at Columbia University and have also helped adults through other important life stages and challenges.
(646) 392-8203 View (646) 392-8203
Photo of Bryan Stuart, Psychologist in New York, NY
Bryan Stuart
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10012
With over 20 years of experience helping patients explore issues related to relationships, family, parenting, and career, my goal is to engage in a way that allows for lasting changes. We all get stuck, and at times experience feelings of depression, self-doubt, or anxiety. I work to help you understand the sources of those feelings, and to transform these insights into action.
With over 20 years of experience helping patients explore issues related to relationships, family, parenting, and career, my goal is to engage in a way that allows for lasting changes. We all get stuck, and at times experience feelings of depression, self-doubt, or anxiety. I work to help you understand the sources of those feelings, and to transform these insights into action.
(347) 946-6003 View (347) 946-6003
Photo of Anne Rosen Noran, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Anne Rosen Noran
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10021
My specialties include: Acceptance Therapy, DBT, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Trauma Repair, Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, Relaxation and Anxiety Relief Techniques, and Family and Marital Therapy.
Do you have secret that you are afraid to reveal or speak about? Do you feel stuck in your life? Do you have trouble with relationships and love in general? Are you coping with an ailing parent or spouse? I have been trained in a number of modalities, such as cognitive, interpersonal, behavioral, and postmodern therapies, that will help you feel free and able to handle your life and make new relationships. If you are anxious or depressed, there are many techniques that can soothe or lift you out of despair.
My specialties include: Acceptance Therapy, DBT, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy, Trauma Repair, Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, Relaxation and Anxiety Relief Techniques, and Family and Marital Therapy.
Do you have secret that you are afraid to reveal or speak about? Do you feel stuck in your life? Do you have trouble with relationships and love in general? Are you coping with an ailing parent or spouse? I have been trained in a number of modalities, such as cognitive, interpersonal, behavioral, and postmodern therapies, that will help you feel free and able to handle your life and make new relationships. If you are anxious or depressed, there are many techniques that can soothe or lift you out of despair.
(646) 699-3076 View (646) 699-3076
Photo of Charity Eisenbach, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Charity Eisenbach
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
My experience includes completing post-graduate training at the Ackerman Institute for the Family, 5 years experience working with individuals and families struggling with eating disorders, and current training in Emotionally Focused Therapy for couples.
We all have an idea of the life we want, joyful, meaningful, fulfilling and with healthy and loving relationships. Trying to create this life can be challenging and I believe that therapy can be a place where you feel safe to share your challenges, without worry or fear. My approach is collaborative, non judgmental, and patient. Together we will work together to explore what is getting in the way of you achieving the life you would like to have. In doing so, we will have opportunities to discuss your relation to self, others, work, and social justice issues.
My experience includes completing post-graduate training at the Ackerman Institute for the Family, 5 years experience working with individuals and families struggling with eating disorders, and current training in Emotionally Focused Therapy for couples.
We all have an idea of the life we want, joyful, meaningful, fulfilling and with healthy and loving relationships. Trying to create this life can be challenging and I believe that therapy can be a place where you feel safe to share your challenges, without worry or fear. My approach is collaborative, non judgmental, and patient. Together we will work together to explore what is getting in the way of you achieving the life you would like to have. In doing so, we will have opportunities to discuss your relation to self, others, work, and social justice issues.
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Photo of Eileen Sunshine, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Eileen Sunshine
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10023
I have found that my style and approach are a good fit for adults, parents, or young adults, who may be struggling with the challenges of life transitions, relationships, family, work, or on the cusp of having to make a living-changing decision.
My name is Eileen Sunshine, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and a Credentialed Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Counselor with a specialization in gambling and substance use concerns. I also specialize in working with clients with anxiety, stress, depression and helping someone make life-changing decisions through the use of Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Wellness Self-Management so my clients' can start feeling better.
I have found that my style and approach are a good fit for adults, parents, or young adults, who may be struggling with the challenges of life transitions, relationships, family, work, or on the cusp of having to make a living-changing decision.
My name is Eileen Sunshine, I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and a Credentialed Alcoholism and Substance Abuse Counselor with a specialization in gambling and substance use concerns. I also specialize in working with clients with anxiety, stress, depression and helping someone make life-changing decisions through the use of Motivational Interviewing, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, and Wellness Self-Management so my clients' can start feeling better.
(646) 692-0561 View (646) 692-0561
Photo of Hannah Mitchell, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Hannah Mitchell
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10017  (Online Only)
I have worked with clients recovering from various forms of trauma including immigration, domestic violence, childhood abuse, and strained family relationships.
I treat each therapy session as an opportunity to learn more about you as the client and to recognize your strengths and resilience. I am client-focused and collaborative and draw on techniques from Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Motivational Interviewing. I practice from a trauma-focused lens and incorporate mindfulness activities during our sessions. I offer a warm and non-judgmental space for you to identify and explore your feelings and I view myself as your teammate in your healing process. Together we will establish intentional treatment goals and work towards them as teammates.
I have worked with clients recovering from various forms of trauma including immigration, domestic violence, childhood abuse, and strained family relationships.
I treat each therapy session as an opportunity to learn more about you as the client and to recognize your strengths and resilience. I am client-focused and collaborative and draw on techniques from Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Motivational Interviewing. I practice from a trauma-focused lens and incorporate mindfulness activities during our sessions. I offer a warm and non-judgmental space for you to identify and explore your feelings and I view myself as your teammate in your healing process. Together we will establish intentional treatment goals and work towards them as teammates.
(646) 681-1404 View (646) 681-1404
Photo of Jeannette Stern, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Jeannette Stern
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10024
I love helping people be their best. For more than 20 years I have had the opportunity to work with individuals, families and couples with a variety of issues. I take a holistic approach, considering every aspect of my client's life in order to help them make the changes they are seeking. I listen deeply and without judgement. I treat clients with a variety of issues such as depression, anxiety, marital and relationship difficulties, adoption, infertility, parent support, family conflict and life transitions. Life can be difficult, let's try to make it easier.
I love helping people be their best. For more than 20 years I have had the opportunity to work with individuals, families and couples with a variety of issues. I take a holistic approach, considering every aspect of my client's life in order to help them make the changes they are seeking. I listen deeply and without judgement. I treat clients with a variety of issues such as depression, anxiety, marital and relationship difficulties, adoption, infertility, parent support, family conflict and life transitions. Life can be difficult, let's try to make it easier.
(917) 909-4338 View (917) 909-4338
Photo of Delaney Firer, Licensed Master Social Worker in New York, NY
Delaney Firer
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
I have experience working with people from all of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds, and diverse family structures.
I am especially fond of working with complex families who are experiencing conflict and communication issues. I love helping individuals build positive self identity and reflect on and question the narratives that have framed their lives. I can offer strategies for managing anxiety, depression, ADHD, and PTSD as well as help clients find new ways to engage with others and their inner voice. I firmly believe all beings are interconnected and sharing with one another can bring us all closer to living the meaningful lives we deserve.
I have experience working with people from all of socioeconomic and cultural backgrounds, and diverse family structures.
I am especially fond of working with complex families who are experiencing conflict and communication issues. I love helping individuals build positive self identity and reflect on and question the narratives that have framed their lives. I can offer strategies for managing anxiety, depression, ADHD, and PTSD as well as help clients find new ways to engage with others and their inner voice. I firmly believe all beings are interconnected and sharing with one another can bring us all closer to living the meaningful lives we deserve.
(646) 921-3989 View (646) 921-3989
Photo of Innae Julia Kim, Art Therapist in New York, NY
Innae Julia Kim
Art Therapist, MA, LCAT, ATR-BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
안녕하세요! Hi, I'm Julia! I'm an Asian American therapist based in NYC! I hold years of experience successfully working with teens, adults, and young professionals who are struggling with relational issues (codependency & turbulent relational patterns), ADHD, understanding transgenerational trauma, family dynamics, cultural identity, depression, and anxiety. I utilize creative, holistic evidence-based psychotherapy to help people feel more whole, resilient and joyful. Working with me will be a creative collaboration with a goal of helping you heal and live in a way aligned with your needs, wants, and life goals. :-)
안녕하세요! Hi, I'm Julia! I'm an Asian American therapist based in NYC! I hold years of experience successfully working with teens, adults, and young professionals who are struggling with relational issues (codependency & turbulent relational patterns), ADHD, understanding transgenerational trauma, family dynamics, cultural identity, depression, and anxiety. I utilize creative, holistic evidence-based psychotherapy to help people feel more whole, resilient and joyful. Working with me will be a creative collaboration with a goal of helping you heal and live in a way aligned with your needs, wants, and life goals. :-)
(848) 257-9846 View (848) 257-9846
Family Therapy

What do family therapists do?

A family therapist facilitates the process of understanding and improving how a family functions. The therapist will help family members develop empathy for one another. They’ll seek to understand existing patterns, misunderstandings, and conflicts that arise, in order to help the family arrive at a realistic, unified understanding and develop the coping skills they need to build stronger relationships.

How long does therapy for families take to work?

Therapy manifests differently in every family; a common time frame is 12 weekly sessions, but some families may see improvement after just a few weeks. Families should discuss their goals with the therapist at the beginning of the process and periodically revisit those goals to assess their progress together.

How can you encourage a family member to attend family therapy?

You can encourage family members to attend therapy by expressing with both love and concern the challenges you see and explaining how a therapist could help the family navigate those challenges together. An outside perspective can help everyone feel heard, get on the same page, and develop new skills. If family members are still hesitant, it may be helpful to emphasize that family therapy is short-term—it won’t last forever.

Is therapy for families effective?

Family therapy can significantly improve family dynamics and relationships. Research suggests that family therapy can help individuals understand their role in the family, communicate and solve problems together, reduce conflict and draw boundaries when necessary, and develop coping skills for stressors, major life changes, and mental or physical illnesses within the family.