Depression Therapists in New York, NY

Photo of Naomi Kimmel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Naomi Kimmel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10023
Some of my areas of specialty include individual therapy, couples counseling, premarital therapy, relationship distress, depression, anxiety management, and mindfulness.
Reaching out for help is a sign of inner strength, intelligence, and courage. When inner struggles, confusion, and conflicts recur, go unresolved, or make you feel stuck, it's time to take a step towards finding solutions. Together, we'll explore workable, realistic way for you to change your thinking and behavior patterns so that you can manage your problems and relationships more effectively. You'll start to feel empowered, bringing you increased happiness and satisfaction with life and in your relationships.
Some of my areas of specialty include individual therapy, couples counseling, premarital therapy, relationship distress, depression, anxiety management, and mindfulness.
Reaching out for help is a sign of inner strength, intelligence, and courage. When inner struggles, confusion, and conflicts recur, go unresolved, or make you feel stuck, it's time to take a step towards finding solutions. Together, we'll explore workable, realistic way for you to change your thinking and behavior patterns so that you can manage your problems and relationships more effectively. You'll start to feel empowered, bringing you increased happiness and satisfaction with life and in your relationships.
(646) 257-2800 View (646) 257-2800
Photo of Danielle Luz Matias, Counselor in New York, NY
Danielle Luz Matias
Counselor, LMHC, LPC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10065
I am also a published author who has written about depression and anxiety.
The goal of my practice is to improve the quality of life of my clients and assist them reach their full potential and personal goals. Specializing in family and couple therapy. I also specialize in depression and anxiety. The ideal client will be dedicated to their own treatment and have a strong desire to feel better. Together with my client we work as a team to achieve the therapeutic goals and make life worth living and enjoying. I have been working in mental health for over a decade and it's my greatest passion in lifeI work to improve the life of my clients daily and I am very successful at achieving therapeutic goals.
I am also a published author who has written about depression and anxiety.
The goal of my practice is to improve the quality of life of my clients and assist them reach their full potential and personal goals. Specializing in family and couple therapy. I also specialize in depression and anxiety. The ideal client will be dedicated to their own treatment and have a strong desire to feel better. Together with my client we work as a team to achieve the therapeutic goals and make life worth living and enjoying. I have been working in mental health for over a decade and it's my greatest passion in lifeI work to improve the life of my clients daily and I am very successful at achieving therapeutic goals.
(646) 204-2295 View (646) 204-2295
Photo of Tracey Horst, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Tracey Horst
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001
I have experience working with clients coping with anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), gender violence, and other trauma histories. Committed to cultural humility, I acknowledge the unique perspectives and intersecting identities of her clients. I value empathy and compassion, along with a client-centered approach to care.
I have experience working with clients coping with anxiety, depression, self-esteem issues, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), gender violence, and other trauma histories. Committed to cultural humility, I acknowledge the unique perspectives and intersecting identities of her clients. I value empathy and compassion, along with a client-centered approach to care.
(929) 442-2640 View (929) 442-2640
Photo of Kristin Anderson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Kristin Anderson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
10 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001
Are you frustrated by finding yourself repeating the same patterns of behavior, even when those behaviors are no longer serving you? Have you experienced trauma that's left you feeling stuck, anxious, or depressed? I create space for you to explore and learn new ways to cope with feelings of depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and past traumas. I offer a warm, empathetic, and non-judgmental approach to explore the issues coming up and learn new skills. We can work together to help you to better deal with the struggles you're facing, heal past wounds, and successfully shift the unfulfilling patterns and symptoms in your life.
Are you frustrated by finding yourself repeating the same patterns of behavior, even when those behaviors are no longer serving you? Have you experienced trauma that's left you feeling stuck, anxious, or depressed? I create space for you to explore and learn new ways to cope with feelings of depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and past traumas. I offer a warm, empathetic, and non-judgmental approach to explore the issues coming up and learn new skills. We can work together to help you to better deal with the struggles you're facing, heal past wounds, and successfully shift the unfulfilling patterns and symptoms in your life.
(646) 362-1314 View (646) 362-1314
Photo of Michelle Kennedy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Michelle Kennedy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10024
I provide insight oriented psychotherapy and behavioral interventions such as CBT and DBT to help individuals, teens, and children meet their highest potential and free themselves from emotional disregulation. A primary focus is relief from depression and anxiety while increasing self-esteem and pleasure along with stability in personal relationships. I empower my patients to make the needed changes in their lives while staying motivated and provide the safe space and emotionally healing environment essential for growth.
I provide insight oriented psychotherapy and behavioral interventions such as CBT and DBT to help individuals, teens, and children meet their highest potential and free themselves from emotional disregulation. A primary focus is relief from depression and anxiety while increasing self-esteem and pleasure along with stability in personal relationships. I empower my patients to make the needed changes in their lives while staying motivated and provide the safe space and emotionally healing environment essential for growth.
(646) 362-5140 View (646) 362-5140
Photo of Paul D Hays, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Paul D Hays
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10034  (Online Only)
I strive to create a supportive and collaborative environment in which you can access your inherent strengths and find the answers that are right for you. Whether you're feeling depressed or anxious, going through a difficult life transition, experiencing grief or bereavement or simply wanting to understand yourself and the choices you make in a deeper way, psychotherapy can help.
I strive to create a supportive and collaborative environment in which you can access your inherent strengths and find the answers that are right for you. Whether you're feeling depressed or anxious, going through a difficult life transition, experiencing grief or bereavement or simply wanting to understand yourself and the choices you make in a deeper way, psychotherapy can help.
(917) 725-3081 View (917) 725-3081
Photo of Diane Spear, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Diane Spear
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10003
I provide individual, marriage and couples, and parenting counseling; anxiety, depression, trauma, and substance misuse treatment; and job & career support.
Burdening friends with your troubles drains your friends and leaves your problems intact, because friends aren't qualified to deal with your underlying issues. Through a warm and caring connection, I'll guide you as we explore issues that interfere with satisfaction in love, work, and play. So, if you're dealing with a difficult boss or the challenges of parenting, trying to start a relationship or moving on after a breakup, mourning a loss or experiencing a creative block, call me for reality-based therapy to help you find the joy in everyday life.
I provide individual, marriage and couples, and parenting counseling; anxiety, depression, trauma, and substance misuse treatment; and job & career support.
Burdening friends with your troubles drains your friends and leaves your problems intact, because friends aren't qualified to deal with your underlying issues. Through a warm and caring connection, I'll guide you as we explore issues that interfere with satisfaction in love, work, and play. So, if you're dealing with a difficult boss or the challenges of parenting, trying to start a relationship or moving on after a breakup, mourning a loss or experiencing a creative block, call me for reality-based therapy to help you find the joy in everyday life.
(212) 353-0296 View (212) 353-0296
Photo of Haley Kastner, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Haley Kastner
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10013
Haley provides evidence-based therapy for children, teens, and adults. She has had the opportunity to provide care in private practice, school, and medical settings. This array of experiences has fostered her ability to understand clients through a multi-disciplinary lens and draw upon a multitude of evidence-based treatments, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Behavioral Activation, Prevention-Focused Care, Crisis Intervention, Trauma-Focused CBT, and Exposure and Response Prevention. She utilizes these therapies to target anxiety, stress, depression, OCD, trauma, and executive functioning deficits.
Haley provides evidence-based therapy for children, teens, and adults. She has had the opportunity to provide care in private practice, school, and medical settings. This array of experiences has fostered her ability to understand clients through a multi-disciplinary lens and draw upon a multitude of evidence-based treatments, such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, Behavioral Activation, Prevention-Focused Care, Crisis Intervention, Trauma-Focused CBT, and Exposure and Response Prevention. She utilizes these therapies to target anxiety, stress, depression, OCD, trauma, and executive functioning deficits.
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Photo of Katie Blumenfeld, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Katie Blumenfeld
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
Taking the step to seek out therapy can often be a difficult one. I strive to create a safe and empathic space in which we can collaborate to help you make the changes in your life that you wish to see. With you guiding, I help you get curious about who you are, the messages that you’ve internalized, and how they play a significant role in how you act with the world around you. I work with individuals who struggle with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, disordered eating, and the challenges of everyday life.
Taking the step to seek out therapy can often be a difficult one. I strive to create a safe and empathic space in which we can collaborate to help you make the changes in your life that you wish to see. With you guiding, I help you get curious about who you are, the messages that you’ve internalized, and how they play a significant role in how you act with the world around you. I work with individuals who struggle with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, disordered eating, and the challenges of everyday life.
(646) 768-9123 View (646) 768-9123
Photo of Camille Holmes, Pre-Licensed Professional in New York, NY
Camille Holmes
Pre-Licensed Professional, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10038  (Online Only)
You will learn how to navigate internal thoughts that may lead you to feel anxious and/or depressed.
Ever feel like your anxious-thoughts and low mood are hijacking your life's journey? I get it. At times, our inner critic can get the best out of us and present as a barrier to achieving our goals. Hi, I'm Camille, your Faith-Based Therapist. I specialize in tackling crippling emotions, thoughts, and behaviors by integrating prayers, scriptures, and spiritual disciplines. Together, let's reclaim your wellness goals, overcome hurdles, and create a safe space to release hurt and worries. It's time to boost your confidence and self-awareness as we embark on this journey towards the life you desire. I cannot wait to work with you!
You will learn how to navigate internal thoughts that may lead you to feel anxious and/or depressed.
Ever feel like your anxious-thoughts and low mood are hijacking your life's journey? I get it. At times, our inner critic can get the best out of us and present as a barrier to achieving our goals. Hi, I'm Camille, your Faith-Based Therapist. I specialize in tackling crippling emotions, thoughts, and behaviors by integrating prayers, scriptures, and spiritual disciplines. Together, let's reclaim your wellness goals, overcome hurdles, and create a safe space to release hurt and worries. It's time to boost your confidence and self-awareness as we embark on this journey towards the life you desire. I cannot wait to work with you!
(646) 679-6313 View (646) 679-6313
Photo of Celeste Tolbert, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Celeste Tolbert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10039
At Red Door Therapeutic Collective we acknowledge life can provide insecurities, depression, anxieties it's in these moments you can feel alone. Research supports the therapeutic alliance as a primary factor in the healing process, as your partner in this process, we can explore interconnected thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that may move you through a vicious cycle.
At Red Door Therapeutic Collective we acknowledge life can provide insecurities, depression, anxieties it's in these moments you can feel alone. Research supports the therapeutic alliance as a primary factor in the healing process, as your partner in this process, we can explore interconnected thoughts, feelings, and behaviors that may move you through a vicious cycle.
(929) 203-3719 View (929) 203-3719
Photo of Wendy Dannett, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Wendy Dannett
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10025
I am an experienced psychotherapist and was trained by Charles Brenner, MD, a psychoanalyst. I am warm and caring, and can help with depression, anxiety, phobias, work issues, relationship problems and life-changes. I also specialize in crises, loss, and sexual problems. My fee is $125, and I have a sliding scale. i accept insurance.
I am an experienced psychotherapist and was trained by Charles Brenner, MD, a psychoanalyst. I am warm and caring, and can help with depression, anxiety, phobias, work issues, relationship problems and life-changes. I also specialize in crises, loss, and sexual problems. My fee is $125, and I have a sliding scale. i accept insurance.
(845) 367-4899 View (845) 367-4899
Photo of Renee Welde, Counselor in New York, NY
Renee Welde
Counselor, MS, LPC, BCC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10013
Healing begins here. I Can Help You Experience Life Differently. Do you feel anxious, depressed, and out of balance in your life and your relationships? Maybe there's a nagging, overwhelming unease that won't go away and you sometimes feel swallowed up by it. How would your life be different if you spoke to a safe, non-judgmental, experienced, therapist? I meet people where they are and work with adults treating a variety of needs. Through deep listening, compassion and understanding, we'll explore what's upsetting you and create a plan on what to do about it. Our crisis points are also our turning points.
Healing begins here. I Can Help You Experience Life Differently. Do you feel anxious, depressed, and out of balance in your life and your relationships? Maybe there's a nagging, overwhelming unease that won't go away and you sometimes feel swallowed up by it. How would your life be different if you spoke to a safe, non-judgmental, experienced, therapist? I meet people where they are and work with adults treating a variety of needs. Through deep listening, compassion and understanding, we'll explore what's upsetting you and create a plan on what to do about it. Our crisis points are also our turning points.
(646) 392-8885 View (646) 392-8885
Photo of Jake S. Friedman, Counselor in New York, NY
Jake S. Friedman
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10019  (Online Only)
Creative people: Sometimes it may feel like our society doesn’t make space for us. We can feel out of place, alienated, let down, pressured, unsure, unsupported, scattered, stuck, stymied, unconfident, undeserving, unfulfilled, unseen, sabotaged by others, or sabotaged by ourselves. No matter how this manifests for you – as anxiety about the future or depression about the past – you have what it takes to move through the hard stuff towards your truest, proudest self.
Creative people: Sometimes it may feel like our society doesn’t make space for us. We can feel out of place, alienated, let down, pressured, unsure, unsupported, scattered, stuck, stymied, unconfident, undeserving, unfulfilled, unseen, sabotaged by others, or sabotaged by ourselves. No matter how this manifests for you – as anxiety about the future or depression about the past – you have what it takes to move through the hard stuff towards your truest, proudest self.
(718) 795-2210 View (718) 795-2210
Photo of Claude Borenzweig | CBT | Great Barrington & NYC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Claude Borenzweig | CBT | Great Barrington & NYC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LICSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10024  (Online Only)
Areas of Expertise: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Mindfulness, Anxiety, Depression, Anger, Anxiety, Panic, Grief, Loss, OCD, ADD, ADHD, Addiction, Substance Abuse, Social Phobia, Relationships, Couples, Marital Counseling, Insomnia/Sleep issues.
My psychotherapy practice is dedicated to helping people overcome difficulties in managing troubling emotions, dysfunctional behaviors, or problems in career, relationship, or life transition. Working primarily in short-term cognitive behavioral models, trouble areas are defined and broken down. Clients are actively encouraged to collaborate on developing new, healthier perspectives, and to generate and practice effective coping strategies and skills. Foundations in psychodynamic and developmental theory, neuroscience, as well as eastern philosophy and mindfulness practice often inform and shape the course of work.
Areas of Expertise: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), Mindfulness, Anxiety, Depression, Anger, Anxiety, Panic, Grief, Loss, OCD, ADD, ADHD, Addiction, Substance Abuse, Social Phobia, Relationships, Couples, Marital Counseling, Insomnia/Sleep issues.
My psychotherapy practice is dedicated to helping people overcome difficulties in managing troubling emotions, dysfunctional behaviors, or problems in career, relationship, or life transition. Working primarily in short-term cognitive behavioral models, trouble areas are defined and broken down. Clients are actively encouraged to collaborate on developing new, healthier perspectives, and to generate and practice effective coping strategies and skills. Foundations in psychodynamic and developmental theory, neuroscience, as well as eastern philosophy and mindfulness practice often inform and shape the course of work.
(917) 809-6556 View (917) 809-6556
Photo of Nicole Lee Manza, Counselor in New York, NY
Nicole Lee Manza
Counselor, LMHC, LPC, NBCC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10010
Taking the first step toward transformation is often the hardest part, and you just did it! In life we often arrive at circumstances beyond our understanding. These experiences can be the result of attachment style, unresolved trauma, grief/loss or dissatisfaction with life’s journey. At times these experiences distort our perception, or causing sadness or anxiety. These events may diminish our ability to enjoy life the way we would like to. In practice I have supported adults/children cope with depression, anxiety and trauma.
Taking the first step toward transformation is often the hardest part, and you just did it! In life we often arrive at circumstances beyond our understanding. These experiences can be the result of attachment style, unresolved trauma, grief/loss or dissatisfaction with life’s journey. At times these experiences distort our perception, or causing sadness or anxiety. These events may diminish our ability to enjoy life the way we would like to. In practice I have supported adults/children cope with depression, anxiety and trauma.
(917) 746-3121 View (917) 746-3121
Photo of Richard M.Evans, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Richard M.Evans, LCSW-R
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10011  (Online Only)
Trust and engagement are the hallmarks of effective treatment and I offer both to people who decide to work with me. I have an active approach towards treatment and believe in focused solutions for everyday challenges .You fill find an active listener who offers a safe environment to discuss and explore life’s challenges in a non - judgmental space. I bring over 25 years of clinical experience working with issues of anxiety,depression,marital/relationship issues, Utilizing a combination of psychodynamic , short term solution focused and Cognitive Behavioral approaches. My work is based on trust, engagement, and respect.
Trust and engagement are the hallmarks of effective treatment and I offer both to people who decide to work with me. I have an active approach towards treatment and believe in focused solutions for everyday challenges .You fill find an active listener who offers a safe environment to discuss and explore life’s challenges in a non - judgmental space. I bring over 25 years of clinical experience working with issues of anxiety,depression,marital/relationship issues, Utilizing a combination of psychodynamic , short term solution focused and Cognitive Behavioral approaches. My work is based on trust, engagement, and respect.
(914) 768-4912 View (914) 768-4912
Photo of Edward Steen, Psychologist in New York, NY
Edward Steen
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016
Many problems in adulthood stem from what we learned in childhood. Many strategies that were successful when we were young (ways to feel safe, reduce our anxieties, and calm our fears) no longer work in adulthood. We will talk about your childhood so that we can get a clearer idea of what you learned and how that may interfere with your happiness now. I have worked successfully with clients who are dealing with issues such as depression, anxiety (panic attacks, OCD), trauma and abuse, addictions (drugs, alcohol, sex), relationship problems, and issues of identity (sexual orientation, racial and ethnic identity).
Many problems in adulthood stem from what we learned in childhood. Many strategies that were successful when we were young (ways to feel safe, reduce our anxieties, and calm our fears) no longer work in adulthood. We will talk about your childhood so that we can get a clearer idea of what you learned and how that may interfere with your happiness now. I have worked successfully with clients who are dealing with issues such as depression, anxiety (panic attacks, OCD), trauma and abuse, addictions (drugs, alcohol, sex), relationship problems, and issues of identity (sexual orientation, racial and ethnic identity).
(917) 725-2230 View (917) 725-2230
Photo of Ilnara Galiullina, Pre-Licensed Professional in New York, NY
Ilnara Galiullina
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001
If you are feeling weighed down by depression, anxiety, past traumas, or other struggles, know that you are not alone in your journey. These feelings can be daunting, and it's natural to seek support when navigating them. In our sessions, my primary goal is to offer a compassionate and non-judgmental space where we can explore your challenges together and facilitate healing. Through our collaboration, you will find the tools and support to face these challenges head-on.
If you are feeling weighed down by depression, anxiety, past traumas, or other struggles, know that you are not alone in your journey. These feelings can be daunting, and it's natural to seek support when navigating them. In our sessions, my primary goal is to offer a compassionate and non-judgmental space where we can explore your challenges together and facilitate healing. Through our collaboration, you will find the tools and support to face these challenges head-on.
(929) 531-6260 View (929) 531-6260
Photo of Kamran Fallahpour, Psychologist in New York, NY
Kamran Fallahpour
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10023
Our goal is to promote brain health through integrative approach that is tailored and personalized to your need and the specifics of your brain, physiology, history, and life circumstances. Many of our clients come to us because they understand that their issues is not a character flaw but the culmination of genetic and environmental variables that have led to the brain being hardwired a certain way. They also understand that the brain is very plastic and that it can be retrained! We work with Adults & Children with ADHD, Anxiety, Depression, OCD, Brain Injury, Stress, Developmental issues, or simply Peak Performance.
Our goal is to promote brain health through integrative approach that is tailored and personalized to your need and the specifics of your brain, physiology, history, and life circumstances. Many of our clients come to us because they understand that their issues is not a character flaw but the culmination of genetic and environmental variables that have led to the brain being hardwired a certain way. They also understand that the brain is very plastic and that it can be retrained! We work with Adults & Children with ADHD, Anxiety, Depression, OCD, Brain Injury, Stress, Developmental issues, or simply Peak Performance.
(646) 583-3615 View (646) 583-3615
Depression Therapists

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognize and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioral activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.