Autism Therapists in New York, NY

Photo of Jackson Mittler in New York, NY
Jackson Mittler
LMSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10017
Jackson (Jax) (he/him) excels at providing psychotherapy for adults and adolescents, as well as building executive functioning skills and strategies. Due to his academic and professional experience, and his own identity as a gay trans man, Jax enjoys working with members of the queer community. Jax thrives at working with clients who have ADHD, anxiety, OCD and autism (whether formally diagnosed or not). He has extensive knowledge about executive dysfunction and related skill-building. He also specializes in helping his clients navigate issues related to polyamory/non-monogamy.
Jackson (Jax) (he/him) excels at providing psychotherapy for adults and adolescents, as well as building executive functioning skills and strategies. Due to his academic and professional experience, and his own identity as a gay trans man, Jax enjoys working with members of the queer community. Jax thrives at working with clients who have ADHD, anxiety, OCD and autism (whether formally diagnosed or not). He has extensive knowledge about executive dysfunction and related skill-building. He also specializes in helping his clients navigate issues related to polyamory/non-monogamy.
(347) 960-4880 View (347) 960-4880
Photo of Daniel Frazer, Licensed Master Social Worker in New York, NY
Daniel Frazer
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
Daniel's clinical work focuses on clients who may be neurodiverse (Autism/ADHD), men's issues, and those facing chronic illnesses and pain. He has extensive experience working within higher education settings with college students and with those diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. He uses a psychodynamic perspective with focus on the everyday symbols and narratives which construct individuals lives. Daniel has received post-graduate training in cognitive behavioral therapy and trauma interventions.
Daniel's clinical work focuses on clients who may be neurodiverse (Autism/ADHD), men's issues, and those facing chronic illnesses and pain. He has extensive experience working within higher education settings with college students and with those diagnosed with HIV/AIDS. He uses a psychodynamic perspective with focus on the everyday symbols and narratives which construct individuals lives. Daniel has received post-graduate training in cognitive behavioral therapy and trauma interventions.
(332) 263-3949 View (332) 263-3949
Photo of Lynne Erica Kalvin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Lynne Erica Kalvin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016
For the past 10 years, I have worked as the Social Work Supervisor at a therapeutic day school for children with developmental disabilities and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Are you struggling with supporting a child with special needs, managing your child’s emotional or behavioral difficulties, or navigating the transition to parenthood? If so, you are not alone - I am here to help you. Parenting can be a very rewarding experience, but it also brings many challenges that can lead to one feeling overwhelmed, anxious and even depressed. My philosophy is that parents and families are usually doing the best they can, however challenging circumstances often require professional guidance. I provide families with a warm, supportive and confidential space in which to discuss problems and find solutions.
For the past 10 years, I have worked as the Social Work Supervisor at a therapeutic day school for children with developmental disabilities and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
Are you struggling with supporting a child with special needs, managing your child’s emotional or behavioral difficulties, or navigating the transition to parenthood? If so, you are not alone - I am here to help you. Parenting can be a very rewarding experience, but it also brings many challenges that can lead to one feeling overwhelmed, anxious and even depressed. My philosophy is that parents and families are usually doing the best they can, however challenging circumstances often require professional guidance. I provide families with a warm, supportive and confidential space in which to discuss problems and find solutions.
(646) 970-1489 View (646) 970-1489
Photo of Rachel Osterlind, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Rachel Osterlind
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10003
Waitlist for new clients
My passion is working with neurodiversities such as ADHD, Autism, and Dyslexia, especially how they present in females.
Have you ever felt like everyone was given a manual for life except you? Or the one you were given just doesn't fit? Do you seem to walk at a different rhythm than most people? Society often tells us we need to fit a certain mold to be healthy. Self-help culture can try to make us strive for states of being that go against how the brain naturally functions. This can cause many of us to feel inadequate or "broken", when often we are just being human. I work from a Neurodiversity framework, which is the belief that there is no “correct” way of experiencing and interacting with the world, and that differences are not “deficits".
My passion is working with neurodiversities such as ADHD, Autism, and Dyslexia, especially how they present in females.
Have you ever felt like everyone was given a manual for life except you? Or the one you were given just doesn't fit? Do you seem to walk at a different rhythm than most people? Society often tells us we need to fit a certain mold to be healthy. Self-help culture can try to make us strive for states of being that go against how the brain naturally functions. This can cause many of us to feel inadequate or "broken", when often we are just being human. I work from a Neurodiversity framework, which is the belief that there is no “correct” way of experiencing and interacting with the world, and that differences are not “deficits".
(332) 244-4142 View (332) 244-4142
Photo of Greenbush Psychotherapy LLC | Jessica Brooks, PhD, Psychologist in New York, NY
Greenbush Psychotherapy LLC | Jessica Brooks, PhD
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10075
Feeling like others don’t get you, or that you can’t be successful or happy is stressful and can interfere with your quality of life. I can help you to work on your relationships and other important life goals while still being true to yourself. I specialize in providing affirming therapy for neurodiverse adults and people with chronic illness and/or disabilities, including autism, OCD, ADHD, chronic pain, general anxiety, social anxiety, persistent depression, bipolar disorders, trauma, and psychosis. Together, we can help you to adjust to a diagnosis, heal from being misunderstood, reframe your strengths, and plan for your future.
Feeling like others don’t get you, or that you can’t be successful or happy is stressful and can interfere with your quality of life. I can help you to work on your relationships and other important life goals while still being true to yourself. I specialize in providing affirming therapy for neurodiverse adults and people with chronic illness and/or disabilities, including autism, OCD, ADHD, chronic pain, general anxiety, social anxiety, persistent depression, bipolar disorders, trauma, and psychosis. Together, we can help you to adjust to a diagnosis, heal from being misunderstood, reframe your strengths, and plan for your future.
(608) 999-4635 View (608) 999-4635
Photo of Connor McCann, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Connor McCann
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
I also specialize in the unique issues affecting the LGBTQ+ community and individuals with Autism & ADHD.
Are you or a loved one feeling stuck - uncertain about navigating changes in your life, how you see yourself, or how to reconnect with those close to you? When we feel stuck, taking steps forward can feel like a monumental task. We can work together to break down your thoughts and uncertainties, determine the best way forward, and put practical strategies into action, to empower you to create the life you want for yourself. In me, you'll have a collaborator who will listen and follow your lead but also be willing to challenge you and continue to motivate you towards achieving your goals. Let's figure out the next steps together.
I also specialize in the unique issues affecting the LGBTQ+ community and individuals with Autism & ADHD.
Are you or a loved one feeling stuck - uncertain about navigating changes in your life, how you see yourself, or how to reconnect with those close to you? When we feel stuck, taking steps forward can feel like a monumental task. We can work together to break down your thoughts and uncertainties, determine the best way forward, and put practical strategies into action, to empower you to create the life you want for yourself. In me, you'll have a collaborator who will listen and follow your lead but also be willing to challenge you and continue to motivate you towards achieving your goals. Let's figure out the next steps together.
(646) 762-5092 View (646) 762-5092
Photo of Dr. Abe Zubarev, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Dr. Abe Zubarev
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, DHSc, DPS, BCD, LCSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10022  (Online Only)
I work with male clients, primarily gay male clients and those seeking to discuss men's issues, self-esteem, and/or autism.
I work with male clients, primarily gay male clients and those seeking to discuss men's issues, self-esteem, and/or autism.
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Photo of Natalie Lagnese in New York, NY
Natalie Lagnese
MHC-LP
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10019
Natalie is a mental health counselor based in New York City. She obtained her Master's in Mental Health Counseling from SUNY New Paltz and has worked in a variety of mental health settings, such as community youth programs, university counseling centers, and private practices. Her specialties include obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, depression, ADHD, and autism. As a therapist, Natalie is empathetic, warm, and collaborative.
Natalie is a mental health counselor based in New York City. She obtained her Master's in Mental Health Counseling from SUNY New Paltz and has worked in a variety of mental health settings, such as community youth programs, university counseling centers, and private practices. Her specialties include obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety, depression, ADHD, and autism. As a therapist, Natalie is empathetic, warm, and collaborative.
(347) 926-1265 View (347) 926-1265
Photo of Rachel Stempel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Rachel Stempel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10012  (Online Only)
I specialize in working with children experiencing anxiety, depression, ADHD, anger management, behavioral challenges, social skills, & Autism Spectrum Disorder. In my approach, I will tailor treatment to meet your needs. Every person has unique struggles and challenges. My approach is one that is flexible and integrative and is based on specific client needs, symptoms, and goals.
I specialize in working with children experiencing anxiety, depression, ADHD, anger management, behavioral challenges, social skills, & Autism Spectrum Disorder. In my approach, I will tailor treatment to meet your needs. Every person has unique struggles and challenges. My approach is one that is flexible and integrative and is based on specific client needs, symptoms, and goals.
(929) 297-8425 View (929) 297-8425
Photo of Dr. Eleanor Murphy, Psychologist in New York, NY
Dr. Eleanor Murphy
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
I conduct neuropsychological testing for adults with suspected Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder, cognitive decline, intellectual disability, traumatic brain injury or others.
I received my doctoral degree and training at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. I completed postdoctoral training at the Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, and further training in research and clinical assessments of mood and anxiety disorders at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Columbia University Medical Center, and New York State Psychiatric Institute.
I conduct neuropsychological testing for adults with suspected Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Autism Spectrum Disorder, cognitive decline, intellectual disability, traumatic brain injury or others.
I received my doctoral degree and training at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. I completed postdoctoral training at the Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, and further training in research and clinical assessments of mood and anxiety disorders at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), Columbia University Medical Center, and New York State Psychiatric Institute.
(646) 956-5067 View (646) 956-5067
Photo of Dr. Jaime Fleckner Black, Psychologist in New York, NY
Dr. Jaime Fleckner Black
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
I work in private practice and see individuals with many different needs, but my main area of expertise lies in treating teens and adults with autism (previously known as Asperger Syndrome (AS). Many of my autistic clients share characteristics with my "neurotypical" clients. Who hasn't fumbled when speaking to a potential friend or date? Have you ever been told that you misinterpreted something someone said? For individuals with autism, this happens all the time, and most "neurotypicals" can empathize with that.
I work in private practice and see individuals with many different needs, but my main area of expertise lies in treating teens and adults with autism (previously known as Asperger Syndrome (AS). Many of my autistic clients share characteristics with my "neurotypical" clients. Who hasn't fumbled when speaking to a potential friend or date? Have you ever been told that you misinterpreted something someone said? For individuals with autism, this happens all the time, and most "neurotypicals" can empathize with that.
(914) 368-7753 View (914) 368-7753
Photo of Katelin Pierce in New York, NY
Katelin Pierce
MHC-LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
I've worked with individuals dealing with a myriad of issues, including autism spectrum disorder, trauma, neurodiversity, and the nuances of the queer experience.
You know those coping tactics you've been leaning on? They may have done their job until now, and for that, they deserve a thank you. Now, it's time to get to know yourself well enough to find new, healthier ways of dealing with life that fit you better. I grew up immersed in a vibrant and diverse community, which has influenced my approach to therapy. It also instilled in me the importance of listening—really listening—to the stories people share. We tell stories to process pain, and the best way to process is to have a good listener.
I've worked with individuals dealing with a myriad of issues, including autism spectrum disorder, trauma, neurodiversity, and the nuances of the queer experience.
You know those coping tactics you've been leaning on? They may have done their job until now, and for that, they deserve a thank you. Now, it's time to get to know yourself well enough to find new, healthier ways of dealing with life that fit you better. I grew up immersed in a vibrant and diverse community, which has influenced my approach to therapy. It also instilled in me the importance of listening—really listening—to the stories people share. We tell stories to process pain, and the best way to process is to have a good listener.
(332) 263-4047 View (332) 263-4047
Photo of Brittany Banks, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Brittany Banks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10010  (Online Only)
I work with adolescents and young adults diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), or those grappling with executive functioning challenges, sense of self, or sexual identity. A young diagnosis of ASD or ADHD can present so many challenges to the individual and family, but with proper support and education, we can find the strengths and talents that come along with the challenges. On the other hand, an adulthood diagnosis can carry an immense amount of grief and resentment around the lack of knowledge and necessary support in their upbringing.
I work with adolescents and young adults diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), or those grappling with executive functioning challenges, sense of self, or sexual identity. A young diagnosis of ASD or ADHD can present so many challenges to the individual and family, but with proper support and education, we can find the strengths and talents that come along with the challenges. On the other hand, an adulthood diagnosis can carry an immense amount of grief and resentment around the lack of knowledge and necessary support in their upbringing.
(332) 237-5479 View (332) 237-5479
Photo of Chelsea Irwin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Chelsea Irwin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CPC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10128  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Perhaps you’ve been feeling isolated, frustrated, or like something needs fixing, but you are unsure where to begin? Current crises, past traumas, fear of failure, and difficulty in relationships can make everyday life overwhelming. If you are suffering silently, therapy with a trusted professional can be a great next step. I have several years experience treating depression, anxiety, ADHD, Autism, trauma-related disorders/PTSD, and personality disorders. I work with adults, teenagers, couples, and families.
Perhaps you’ve been feeling isolated, frustrated, or like something needs fixing, but you are unsure where to begin? Current crises, past traumas, fear of failure, and difficulty in relationships can make everyday life overwhelming. If you are suffering silently, therapy with a trusted professional can be a great next step. I have several years experience treating depression, anxiety, ADHD, Autism, trauma-related disorders/PTSD, and personality disorders. I work with adults, teenagers, couples, and families.
(646) 553-6399 View (646) 553-6399
Photo of Rachel Wolk, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Rachel Wolk
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10009  (Online Only)
I can help you with: ADHD, Autism (ASD), depression, anxiety, trauma/ PTSD, family conflict, interpersonal problems, bullying/ harassment, parenting, life stressors, eating disorders, somatic symptom disorders; and gender identity related concerns.
I offer a hands-on approach in therapy. I provide support to young adults (17-45), parents (parental support and coaching), students and working professionals, couples, families, and parents, neurodivergent individuals (people with ADHD, ASD, LGBTQ+ individuals, and genderqueer (non-binary, agender, pangender, genderfluid) individuals.
I can help you with: ADHD, Autism (ASD), depression, anxiety, trauma/ PTSD, family conflict, interpersonal problems, bullying/ harassment, parenting, life stressors, eating disorders, somatic symptom disorders; and gender identity related concerns.
I offer a hands-on approach in therapy. I provide support to young adults (17-45), parents (parental support and coaching), students and working professionals, couples, families, and parents, neurodivergent individuals (people with ADHD, ASD, LGBTQ+ individuals, and genderqueer (non-binary, agender, pangender, genderfluid) individuals.
(347) 450-5542 View (347) 450-5542
Photo of NY Behavior Analysis and Psychological Services, Psychologist in New York, NY
NY Behavior Analysis and Psychological Services
Psychologist, LBA, BCBA-D, PsyD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10017
We treat individuals with autism spectrum disorders. We specialize in feeding therapy for children with food selectivity and refusal issues, behavior problems that range from noncompliance to aggression, toileting, and teaching functional life skills, such as communication, following directions, and social skills.
We treat individuals with autism spectrum disorders. We specialize in feeding therapy for children with food selectivity and refusal issues, behavior problems that range from noncompliance to aggression, toileting, and teaching functional life skills, such as communication, following directions, and social skills.
(646) 798-1644 View (646) 798-1644
Photo of Life Fulfilled - Elisa Gage in New York, NY
Life Fulfilled - Elisa Gage
MSW
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10075
Welcome to Life Fulfilled where transformation begins and lives are empowered! As a psychotherapist and life coach with over 20 years of experience, I'm here to help you overcome challenges, achieve personal growth, and live your best life. I offer individual Zoom and phone sessions and have experience in several areas including anxiety, addiction, autism spectrum disorder, depression, eating disorders and developmental disabilities. Through a blend of evidence-based therapy techniques and empowering coaching strategies, I provide a safe and non-judgmental space for you to explore your thoughts, emotions, and aspirations.
Welcome to Life Fulfilled where transformation begins and lives are empowered! As a psychotherapist and life coach with over 20 years of experience, I'm here to help you overcome challenges, achieve personal growth, and live your best life. I offer individual Zoom and phone sessions and have experience in several areas including anxiety, addiction, autism spectrum disorder, depression, eating disorders and developmental disabilities. Through a blend of evidence-based therapy techniques and empowering coaching strategies, I provide a safe and non-judgmental space for you to explore your thoughts, emotions, and aspirations.
(646) 921-4659 View (646) 921-4659
Photo of Bret Boatwright, Limited Licensed Psychologist in New York, NY
Bret Boatwright
Limited Licensed Psychologist, PsyD, LLP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
New York, NY 10128  (Online Only)
This journey focuses on enhancing your strengths—creativity, empathy, authenticity—& embracing your ADHD or Autism, your neurodivergence, as a vibrant, unique lens to thrive on your own terms.
Living as an ADHD or Autistic adult can be frustrating and overwhelming. You might feel out of step with the world or misunderstood. Why don’t people just say what they mean? Why can’t people respect your process just because it’s different? Why can’t you feel more at peace with your body, mind, and senses? Our minds are colorful and complex, yet we struggle in a world not tailored to our unique patterns. Adapting and masking our true selves to fit in can be exhausting. The constant need to adapt, the feeling of being misunderstood, and the search for a space where you can be your true self is a path you need not walk alone.
This journey focuses on enhancing your strengths—creativity, empathy, authenticity—& embracing your ADHD or Autism, your neurodivergence, as a vibrant, unique lens to thrive on your own terms.
Living as an ADHD or Autistic adult can be frustrating and overwhelming. You might feel out of step with the world or misunderstood. Why don’t people just say what they mean? Why can’t people respect your process just because it’s different? Why can’t you feel more at peace with your body, mind, and senses? Our minds are colorful and complex, yet we struggle in a world not tailored to our unique patterns. Adapting and masking our true selves to fit in can be exhausting. The constant need to adapt, the feeling of being misunderstood, and the search for a space where you can be your true self is a path you need not walk alone.
(929) 224-4497 View (929) 224-4497
Photo of Rebecca Sachs, Psychologist in New York, NY
Rebecca Sachs
Psychologist, PhD, ABPP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10016
Waitlist for new clients
I bring warmth, sensitivity & a strong sense of humor as a clinical psychologist. With expertise in treating Autism OCD & Anxiety I have developed a specialized niche in working with individuals with these often co-occurring challenges. Using Cognitive Behavior Therapy, including Exposure and Response Prevention, and Mindfulness strategies I will help you develop an action plan to move forward reducing feelings of isolation and having a meaningful successful life. Often sought out to treat extreme symptoms I approach all patients with a goal-oriented style that teaches you and your family skills & techniques to help live the life you want.
I bring warmth, sensitivity & a strong sense of humor as a clinical psychologist. With expertise in treating Autism OCD & Anxiety I have developed a specialized niche in working with individuals with these often co-occurring challenges. Using Cognitive Behavior Therapy, including Exposure and Response Prevention, and Mindfulness strategies I will help you develop an action plan to move forward reducing feelings of isolation and having a meaningful successful life. Often sought out to treat extreme symptoms I approach all patients with a goal-oriented style that teaches you and your family skills & techniques to help live the life you want.
(347) 763-8658 View (347) 763-8658
Photo of Caroline Schau, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New York, NY
Caroline Schau
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10075  (Online Only)
I also specialize in supporting those with autism, ADHD, intellectual and learning disabilities.
Taking the first step towards finding a therapist can often feel like the hardest part. If you've made it this far, you're already on your way! My therapeutic style is relatable, down-to-earth, and authentic. I take a person-centered, strengths-based, and solution-focused approach. This means that I prioritize your unique strengths and experiences, while collaboratively working with you to set achievable goals tailored to your needs. Whether you're navigating the complexities of neurodivergence or simply seeking support through life's challenges, I will meet you exactly where you are, no judgment.
I also specialize in supporting those with autism, ADHD, intellectual and learning disabilities.
Taking the first step towards finding a therapist can often feel like the hardest part. If you've made it this far, you're already on your way! My therapeutic style is relatable, down-to-earth, and authentic. I take a person-centered, strengths-based, and solution-focused approach. This means that I prioritize your unique strengths and experiences, while collaboratively working with you to set achievable goals tailored to your needs. Whether you're navigating the complexities of neurodivergence or simply seeking support through life's challenges, I will meet you exactly where you are, no judgment.
(347) 657-6083 View (347) 657-6083
Autism Therapists

What is the most effective treatment for autism?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has come to be considered the standard treatment for children with autism spectrum disorder, and research has confirmed its effectiveness for many children. Therapists trained in ABA techniques work with children (and their parents) on developing social skills, communication and learning abilities, and everyday habits of hygiene and grooming. The clinician will tailor their program to the child’s particular need but the overarching goal will be to help them advance as far as possible toward independence based on their level of symptoms and decrease the need for additional special services. Families should seek a mental health professional specifically trained in ABA, and holding special certification in the technique, who has extensive experience not only with the approach but in using it with children with the same level of symptoms as the child who needs care.

How does ABA work?

Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) sessions, which typically focus on positive reinforcement, can be intensive, lasting two or more hours several times a week, and continuing for two years or more. Therapists can also be expected to ask parents to take an active role in reinforcing lessons. Research has found that the technique can lead to major improvements that decrease the need for additional special services.

How does treatment for autism work?

Therapy sessions based on Applied Behavior Analysis will likely be frequent, intensive, and highly structured. After a thorough assessment, a therapist will help a child understand and develop skills in a range of areas, including communication, motor skills, social skills, self-care, play, and academic skills, as well as routines of daily living like hygiene. Typically, the therapist will help a child break down the components of a behavior—often referred to as the antecedent (what prompts an action), the behavior, and the consequence(what immediately follows)—and then reward the child at every step, while also asking parents to reinforce the lessons, and the rewards, throughout the day. This core therapy may be supplemented by occupational or speech therapy, and antidepressants, antipsychotics, and anticonvulsants may be prescribed to address specific severe symptoms.

How long does therapy for autism take?

Some people with autism spectrum disorder may be engaged in some level of therapy for many years, but research shows that treatment will be most effective if it is begun early and delivered intensively. When therapy begins by age 3, children tend to be better able to grasp and adopt the skills needed to manage everyday life, including attending school and establishing social relationships. This type of early-intervention treatment regimen is highly structured, typically involving 20 to 40 hours of one-on-one therapy per week, along with additional hours of engagement managed by parents, for a period of two years or more, although the duration of treatment is dependent on the child’s level of symptoms and pace of progress.