Therapists in Upper East Side, New York, NY

Photo of Jennifer Brungardt, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Jennifer Brungardt
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
As a therapist, my goal is to create a warm, safe, non-judgmental space for my clients’ self-discovery and healing. I support my clients as they build on their intrinsic skills and strengths so that they can navigate through difficult periods and life transitions in ways that foster growth and well-being. I believe that the strongest therapeutic relationships are built from trust, respect, transparency, empathy and equality. I counsel from a place of kindness, understanding and compassion through an anti-racist and anti-oppressive lens.
As a therapist, my goal is to create a warm, safe, non-judgmental space for my clients’ self-discovery and healing. I support my clients as they build on their intrinsic skills and strengths so that they can navigate through difficult periods and life transitions in ways that foster growth and well-being. I believe that the strongest therapeutic relationships are built from trust, respect, transparency, empathy and equality. I counsel from a place of kindness, understanding and compassion through an anti-racist and anti-oppressive lens.
(718) 550-4312 View (718) 550-4312
Photo of Attune Psychotherapy in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Attune Psychotherapy
LCSW
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10028
Attune Psychotherapy is an outpatient therapy practice specializing in the treatment of Anxiety, Mood, Eating, Substance Use, and Hoarding Disorders. We are a dynamic group of experienced, driven, and relatable clinicians that utilize our own experiences and treatment specializations to meet clients exactly where they are in their process of healing, exploration, and self-acceptance.
Attune Psychotherapy is an outpatient therapy practice specializing in the treatment of Anxiety, Mood, Eating, Substance Use, and Hoarding Disorders. We are a dynamic group of experienced, driven, and relatable clinicians that utilize our own experiences and treatment specializations to meet clients exactly where they are in their process of healing, exploration, and self-acceptance.
(646) 916-4711 View (646) 916-4711
Photo of Sharon Ann Heno, Licensed Professional Counselor in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Sharon Ann Heno
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC-S, MEd
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10021  (Online Only)
My passion is helping others thrive. My goal is to help you heal from the past and soar beyond what you could ever imagine. I work to create an empathetic and safe space for your journey. You do not have to suffer, stay stuck or settle anymore. If you’re ready for change, change that will impact all areas of your life for positive growth and development. The time is now, you deserve this. I have over 20 years in working with clients suffering from trauma. I have been successful helping individuals move past the unthinkable. I can’t wait to help you become the best version of yourself.
My passion is helping others thrive. My goal is to help you heal from the past and soar beyond what you could ever imagine. I work to create an empathetic and safe space for your journey. You do not have to suffer, stay stuck or settle anymore. If you’re ready for change, change that will impact all areas of your life for positive growth and development. The time is now, you deserve this. I have over 20 years in working with clients suffering from trauma. I have been successful helping individuals move past the unthinkable. I can’t wait to help you become the best version of yourself.
(347) 572-7217 View (347) 572-7217
Photo of Audrey O'Neal, Counselor in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Audrey O'Neal
Counselor, MS, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10128  (Online Only)
Your anxiety interferes with your sleep. You critique everything you have said daily. You feel as though your emotions are overpowering, You feel that some of the experiences in your life have caused you to lose your enthusiasm, and so you have difficulty believing that you will get better. Sometimes you lay awake at night thinking about what you can do to alleviate your stress, and you find yourself picking up a drink, or binging on ice cream. You have noticed the tension in your body and your inability to fully relax. You are pessimistic in your thinking, and you want to climb out of this abyss, but can’t find the way
Your anxiety interferes with your sleep. You critique everything you have said daily. You feel as though your emotions are overpowering, You feel that some of the experiences in your life have caused you to lose your enthusiasm, and so you have difficulty believing that you will get better. Sometimes you lay awake at night thinking about what you can do to alleviate your stress, and you find yourself picking up a drink, or binging on ice cream. You have noticed the tension in your body and your inability to fully relax. You are pessimistic in your thinking, and you want to climb out of this abyss, but can’t find the way
(347) 697-4421 View (347) 697-4421
Photo of Batya R Monder, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Batya R Monder
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, BCD, FIPA
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
In my 30 plus years of clinical experience, I have felt privileged to work with adults of all ages, from many different backgrounds. Each treatment is a collaborative process as my patient and I learn together what is standing in the way of greater peace of mind and further development. I help my patients grow in their own unique ways as they confront issues of depression, anxiety, shame, grief, and early trauma.
In my 30 plus years of clinical experience, I have felt privileged to work with adults of all ages, from many different backgrounds. Each treatment is a collaborative process as my patient and I learn together what is standing in the way of greater peace of mind and further development. I help my patients grow in their own unique ways as they confront issues of depression, anxiety, shame, grief, and early trauma.
(646) 600-8002 View (646) 600-8002
Photo of Virginia Rachmani, Psychotherapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Virginia Rachmani, Psychotherapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MA-Psyc, NCPsyA
Not Verified Not Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10128  (Online Only)
Any loss can devastate you: a romantic partner leaves; you develop a serious illness; your job ends; a spouse dies; You have a miscarriage, or an empty nest, or your partner is unfaithful, or your child has serious difficulties, or you beloved pet dies or your childhood was abusive. Your responses can include: depression, anxiety, guilt or unending grief. I work with men, women, adolescents and couples who struggle to find symptom relief and greater life satisfaction. My office is a convenient and very private environment in which I spare people psychological jargon and base sessions on mutuality and respect.
Any loss can devastate you: a romantic partner leaves; you develop a serious illness; your job ends; a spouse dies; You have a miscarriage, or an empty nest, or your partner is unfaithful, or your child has serious difficulties, or you beloved pet dies or your childhood was abusive. Your responses can include: depression, anxiety, guilt or unending grief. I work with men, women, adolescents and couples who struggle to find symptom relief and greater life satisfaction. My office is a convenient and very private environment in which I spare people psychological jargon and base sessions on mutuality and respect.
(646) 600-9049 View (646) 600-9049
Photo of Chantanique Morrison, Counselor in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Chantanique Morrison
Counselor, LMHC, LPC
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10029  (Online Only)
Being aware of our internal experiences is one of the key foundations of self-healing. By fostering a deeper understanding of who we are, where we’ve been and what we’ve experienced, we are able to form the foundation from which healing can begin. As a Licensed Mental Health Counselor, I offer a partnership for individuals as they journey toward overcoming past traumas, insecurities, and other behavior patterns that impede their ability to live fulfilled lives.
Being aware of our internal experiences is one of the key foundations of self-healing. By fostering a deeper understanding of who we are, where we’ve been and what we’ve experienced, we are able to form the foundation from which healing can begin. As a Licensed Mental Health Counselor, I offer a partnership for individuals as they journey toward overcoming past traumas, insecurities, and other behavior patterns that impede their ability to live fulfilled lives.
(914) 344-5674 View (914) 344-5674
Photo of Mona Browne, Counselor in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Mona Browne
Counselor, LMHC, NCC, CDN
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
Hello and welcome. I am a licensed mental health counselor (LMHC) in New York City providing convenient, secure online therapy. I offer individual psychotherapy for adults dealing with anxiety, depression, emotional distress, family conflict, relationship issues, parenting concerns and difficult life transitions. Each person has a unique story to tell and my deep interest in people's lives sets the stage for working together.
Hello and welcome. I am a licensed mental health counselor (LMHC) in New York City providing convenient, secure online therapy. I offer individual psychotherapy for adults dealing with anxiety, depression, emotional distress, family conflict, relationship issues, parenting concerns and difficult life transitions. Each person has a unique story to tell and my deep interest in people's lives sets the stage for working together.
(646) 860-0942 View (646) 860-0942
Richard Friedman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10128
Hypnotherapy is a proven method to help smokers become non-smokers and people who suffer from many phobias such as fear of flying or elevators become people who are unafraid. With over a decade experience using the most up-to-date and non-directive hypnotic techniques, I have an excellent track record helping people -- usually in two or three sessions.
Hypnotherapy is a proven method to help smokers become non-smokers and people who suffer from many phobias such as fear of flying or elevators become people who are unafraid. With over a decade experience using the most up-to-date and non-directive hypnotic techniques, I have an excellent track record helping people -- usually in two or three sessions.
(646) 846-6485 View (646) 846-6485
Photo of Sowoon Park, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Sowoon Park
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
It often feels like we live in a fast-paced world where our identities are reduced to our “productivity.” It’s understandable that you may have begun to doubt yourself and neglect your physical and emotional needs. However, we can challenge those negative thoughts to reshape our emotions and behaviors, which can improve our view of self and the quality of our interpersonal relationships.
It often feels like we live in a fast-paced world where our identities are reduced to our “productivity.” It’s understandable that you may have begun to doubt yourself and neglect your physical and emotional needs. However, we can challenge those negative thoughts to reshape our emotions and behaviors, which can improve our view of self and the quality of our interpersonal relationships.
(646) 970-1907 View (646) 970-1907
Photo of Phillida Rosnick, Psychologist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Phillida Rosnick
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10021
I provide a safe place in which you can reveal, explore, understand and heal. It is often a painful crisis that starts the therapeutic venture; the end of a relationship, the loss of a job, a frightening illness, children leaving home. Along with mourning what's lost, there is an opportunity to regroup and redfine one's priorities. I help clients find resilience in the face of life's challenges.
I provide a safe place in which you can reveal, explore, understand and heal. It is often a painful crisis that starts the therapeutic venture; the end of a relationship, the loss of a job, a frightening illness, children leaving home. Along with mourning what's lost, there is an opportunity to regroup and redfine one's priorities. I help clients find resilience in the face of life's challenges.
(646) 490-9968 View (646) 490-9968
Photo of Akiko Schaier, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Akiko Schaier
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R, MT-BC
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10075  (Online Only)
My approach in therapy is to create a safe environment so that you can feel comfortable sharing your stories and experiences. Life can be stressful, with many ups and downs and at times tends to be unpredictable and overwhelming. Together, we will find positivity in your life and develop coping strategies to better manage your stressors.
My approach in therapy is to create a safe environment so that you can feel comfortable sharing your stories and experiences. Life can be stressful, with many ups and downs and at times tends to be unpredictable and overwhelming. Together, we will find positivity in your life and develop coping strategies to better manage your stressors.
(347) 537-4405 View (347) 537-4405
Photo of Dan Wolfson, Psychologist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Dan Wolfson
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10065
Do you find yourself feeling unfulfilled, unmotivated, or held back in your relationships and pursuits in some way? Have you experienced loss in your life, and are noticing that your grief continues to impact you in unexpected or overwhelming ways? Perhaps you are hoping to support the growth and development of your child, who is having difficulties in their own social or academic world? By being here, you have taken an important step in trying to connect yourself with the resources you deserve. Allow me to support your journey as we work together to identify and strive towards your goals.
Do you find yourself feeling unfulfilled, unmotivated, or held back in your relationships and pursuits in some way? Have you experienced loss in your life, and are noticing that your grief continues to impact you in unexpected or overwhelming ways? Perhaps you are hoping to support the growth and development of your child, who is having difficulties in their own social or academic world? By being here, you have taken an important step in trying to connect yourself with the resources you deserve. Allow me to support your journey as we work together to identify and strive towards your goals.
(646) 832-4130 View (646) 832-4130
Photo of Briana MacWilliam, Art Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Briana MacWilliam
Art Therapist, MPS, ATR-BC, LCAT
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Are you a spiritually-minded, professional who is interested in soul-centered relationships? My name is Briana, and I'm an author, educator, and licensed creative arts therapist with certifications in Reiki, hypnotherapy, EFT Tapping, and Trauma-Informed Somatic Therapy. Over the past 15+ years, I've helped more than 6,000 clients and students attract loving, soulfully secure relationships, and live a life of purpose - all without compromising their values or ambitions.
Are you a spiritually-minded, professional who is interested in soul-centered relationships? My name is Briana, and I'm an author, educator, and licensed creative arts therapist with certifications in Reiki, hypnotherapy, EFT Tapping, and Trauma-Informed Somatic Therapy. Over the past 15+ years, I've helped more than 6,000 clients and students attract loving, soulfully secure relationships, and live a life of purpose - all without compromising their values or ambitions.
(646) 859-2303 View (646) 859-2303
Photo of Abby Strauss, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Abby Strauss
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, JD, LCSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10021
These are not easy times and so many of us are feeling anxious and overwhelmed. You may be feeling isolated, disconnected in your relationships, or struggling in your career. Through it all, connection is what grounds us, and therapy is based on connection. Let’s figure out together where you are stuck, where you've lost your way, and what gets in the way of warmth and closeness with the people who matter to you the most. During our time together, I will be present in an actively collaborative way as we figure out how to clear a path to the life you want.
These are not easy times and so many of us are feeling anxious and overwhelmed. You may be feeling isolated, disconnected in your relationships, or struggling in your career. Through it all, connection is what grounds us, and therapy is based on connection. Let’s figure out together where you are stuck, where you've lost your way, and what gets in the way of warmth and closeness with the people who matter to you the most. During our time together, I will be present in an actively collaborative way as we figure out how to clear a path to the life you want.
(646) 969-3471 View (646) 969-3471
Photo of Daring Bliss Therapy, LCSW, PLLC - Dalia Bautista, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Daring Bliss Therapy, LCSW, PLLC - Dalia Bautista
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LMSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10001  (Online Only)
I’m a Bilingual Licensed Clinical psychotherapist. I offer a safe, caring, professional & therapeutic environment where we can co-create a relationship essential for your healing & growth. I aid individuals with depression, anxiety, grief, trauma, anxiety, chronic illness, medical trauma, food allergies, difficulty forming or maintaining relationships, & life transitions (I.e. college, aging.) I strive to aid my patients in cultivating greater self-acceptance & compassion for themselves. I have extensive experience with Latinx, people of color & LGBTQIA+. Mis servicios son ofrecidos 100 % en Español. www.daringblisstherapy.com.
I’m a Bilingual Licensed Clinical psychotherapist. I offer a safe, caring, professional & therapeutic environment where we can co-create a relationship essential for your healing & growth. I aid individuals with depression, anxiety, grief, trauma, anxiety, chronic illness, medical trauma, food allergies, difficulty forming or maintaining relationships, & life transitions (I.e. college, aging.) I strive to aid my patients in cultivating greater self-acceptance & compassion for themselves. I have extensive experience with Latinx, people of color & LGBTQIA+. Mis servicios son ofrecidos 100 % en Español. www.daringblisstherapy.com.
(917) 905-3872 View (917) 905-3872
Photo of Elizabeth Orent, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Elizabeth Orent
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10021  (Online Only)
Seeking help can be scary. With that in mind, I approach my practice with empathy, always aiming to foster a warm, non-judgmental connection. With nearly a decade of experience working in the field of mental health, I am passionately dedicated to helping my clients improve their lives while developing better insight into their current stressors. I believe mental wellness should be an essential part of everyone’s wellbeing.
Seeking help can be scary. With that in mind, I approach my practice with empathy, always aiming to foster a warm, non-judgmental connection. With nearly a decade of experience working in the field of mental health, I am passionately dedicated to helping my clients improve their lives while developing better insight into their current stressors. I believe mental wellness should be an essential part of everyone’s wellbeing.
(929) 552-3058 View (929) 552-3058
Photo of Heather Karaman, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Heather Karaman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW, PC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10128
We don't usually seek help when life is working for us. Whatever your issues are, you are seeking help because what you have been doing is no longer working. I provide a warm, engaging, and interactive environment where change is possible. I am passionate about my work and fully invested in your process to transform your life in meaningful and healthy ways.My career has been driven by an enormous curiosity about human behavior, a profound interest in helping people, and a deep well of compassion and empathy.
We don't usually seek help when life is working for us. Whatever your issues are, you are seeking help because what you have been doing is no longer working. I provide a warm, engaging, and interactive environment where change is possible. I am passionate about my work and fully invested in your process to transform your life in meaningful and healthy ways.My career has been driven by an enormous curiosity about human behavior, a profound interest in helping people, and a deep well of compassion and empathy.
(646) 791-3834 View (646) 791-3834
Photo of Couples and Marriage Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Couples and Marriage Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, Marital, EFT, Therapy, Couples, Relatio
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10021
Is your relationship stuck? Are you feeling unheard? deprived? having the same old fight again? Are you feeling unappreciated, and like your needs will never be important enough to your partner? Most couples who come to me love each other but are feeling desperate and hopeless to realign without help. You deserve quality counseling. Helping people communicate and get long term results using Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy is my expertise and I look forward to working with you to mend your relationship and get to marriage “2.0”Email me for a free chat about what’s happening for you and what you need. Looking forward
Is your relationship stuck? Are you feeling unheard? deprived? having the same old fight again? Are you feeling unappreciated, and like your needs will never be important enough to your partner? Most couples who come to me love each other but are feeling desperate and hopeless to realign without help. You deserve quality counseling. Helping people communicate and get long term results using Emotionally Focused Couples Therapy is my expertise and I look forward to working with you to mend your relationship and get to marriage “2.0”Email me for a free chat about what’s happening for you and what you need. Looking forward
(917) 746-8579 View (917) 746-8579
Photo of Grace Slifkin, Licensed Master Social Worker in Upper East Side, New York, NY
Grace Slifkin
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
Upper East Side, New York, NY 10028
Grace works with clients to translate her deep expertise into tangible tools for a life with less worry and more presence, confidence, and connection. She has received exceptional training in CBT, DBT, ERP, ACT, and SPACE at leading hospitals and private practices. She specializes in supporting pre-teens, teens, and adults facing anxiety disorders such as OCD, panic, social anxiety, ARFID, emetophobia, body dysmorphia, perfectionism, and anxiety related to chronic illness and gastrointestinal issues. Grace also works with caregivers of children with behavioral issues, OCD, and anxiety using evidence-based parenting interventions.
Grace works with clients to translate her deep expertise into tangible tools for a life with less worry and more presence, confidence, and connection. She has received exceptional training in CBT, DBT, ERP, ACT, and SPACE at leading hospitals and private practices. She specializes in supporting pre-teens, teens, and adults facing anxiety disorders such as OCD, panic, social anxiety, ARFID, emetophobia, body dysmorphia, perfectionism, and anxiety related to chronic illness and gastrointestinal issues. Grace also works with caregivers of children with behavioral issues, OCD, and anxiety using evidence-based parenting interventions.
View

See more therapy options for Upper East Side, New York

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Upper East Side, New York, NY

1,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in Upper East Side, New York, NY who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
89% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
66% Coping Skills
66% Stress
62% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

76% Aetna
61% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
54% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Upper East Side, New York, NY see their clients

60% In Person and Online
40% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
17% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Upper East Side, New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.