Therapists in Murray Hill, New York, NY

Photo of Emily Joslin-Roher, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Emily Joslin-Roher
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016
The decision to begin therapy is rarely easy, but once you begin you may be surprised by the changes that unfold. Finding a therapist who helps you feel safe, supported, and challenged is central to this process. I've been fortunate to work with a wide range of people, including those dealing with depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship challenges, self-esteem issues, sexual issues, sexual and gender identity exploration, health concerns, artistic blockages, addiction, parenting, and fertility issues.
The decision to begin therapy is rarely easy, but once you begin you may be surprised by the changes that unfold. Finding a therapist who helps you feel safe, supported, and challenged is central to this process. I've been fortunate to work with a wide range of people, including those dealing with depression, anxiety, trauma, relationship challenges, self-esteem issues, sexual issues, sexual and gender identity exploration, health concerns, artistic blockages, addiction, parenting, and fertility issues.
(347) 514-8182 View (347) 514-8182
Photo of Autumn Bush, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Autumn Bush
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10168
My goal as a therapist is to provide a mixture of optimism, honesty, humor, and direct practicality. I have a genuine interest in each person seeking treatment and think of the therapeutic relationship as a unique collaborative partnership. I am a Licensed Master Social Worker (LMSW). I specialize in helping individuals who struggle with anxiety and depression or who encounter difficulties within relationships overcome the daily intrusion of negative thoughts and behaviors by providing solution-focused treatment and support. My interests are trauma, mood disorders, LGBTQ identity and supports, relationships, and parenting.
My goal as a therapist is to provide a mixture of optimism, honesty, humor, and direct practicality. I have a genuine interest in each person seeking treatment and think of the therapeutic relationship as a unique collaborative partnership. I am a Licensed Master Social Worker (LMSW). I specialize in helping individuals who struggle with anxiety and depression or who encounter difficulties within relationships overcome the daily intrusion of negative thoughts and behaviors by providing solution-focused treatment and support. My interests are trauma, mood disorders, LGBTQ identity and supports, relationships, and parenting.
(914) 313-8958 View (914) 313-8958
Photo of Lila Glantzman-Leib, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Lila Glantzman-Leib
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10165
Hi, I’m Lila, welcome! I know first-hand, through my own experiences, how vulnerable it can be to begin therapy. This is a powerful step to take to further explore yourself. My approach is holistic, compassionate, non-judgmental and empowering. I engage folks in a humanistic, relational and collaborative framework, centering that you are the expert in your own life. I use an eclectic approach, utilizing different modalities dependent on the needs and challenges that you are facing and what you are looking to gain from therapy.
Hi, I’m Lila, welcome! I know first-hand, through my own experiences, how vulnerable it can be to begin therapy. This is a powerful step to take to further explore yourself. My approach is holistic, compassionate, non-judgmental and empowering. I engage folks in a humanistic, relational and collaborative framework, centering that you are the expert in your own life. I use an eclectic approach, utilizing different modalities dependent on the needs and challenges that you are facing and what you are looking to gain from therapy.
(646) 832-4765 View (646) 832-4765
Photo of Carolyn Ezrin, Counselor in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Carolyn Ezrin
Counselor, LMHC, NCC
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10017
I am a licensed psychotherapist who can help with modern day problems: excessive self-expectation, increased need for perfection, and fear of failure. I work with young adults who are experiencing difficulties managing emotions surrounding issues of self-esteem, social discomfort, anxiety, relationships, eating disorders, work challenges and life transitions.
I am a licensed psychotherapist who can help with modern day problems: excessive self-expectation, increased need for perfection, and fear of failure. I work with young adults who are experiencing difficulties managing emotions surrounding issues of self-esteem, social discomfort, anxiety, relationships, eating disorders, work challenges and life transitions.
(917) 521-6789 View (917) 521-6789
Photo of Lara Friedrich, Psychologist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Lara Friedrich
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
7 Endorsed
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10017  (Online Only)
I'm an active, warm, collaborative therapist with an office near Grand Central Station. My goal is to understand and support you so you can be empowered to lead the life you want. I combine psychodynamic therapy, which helps you understand how you got where you are, with cognitive-behavioral therapy, or CBT, which helps you make important present-day changes. My approach guides you toward a deeper understanding of yourself so you have the tools to feel better now, and create a meaningful future. The work we do is tailored uniquely to you.
I'm an active, warm, collaborative therapist with an office near Grand Central Station. My goal is to understand and support you so you can be empowered to lead the life you want. I combine psychodynamic therapy, which helps you understand how you got where you are, with cognitive-behavioral therapy, or CBT, which helps you make important present-day changes. My approach guides you toward a deeper understanding of yourself so you have the tools to feel better now, and create a meaningful future. The work we do is tailored uniquely to you.
(646) 846-2055 View (646) 846-2055
Photo of Scott Graybow, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Scott Graybow
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016
Not accepting new clients
My name is Scott Graybow. I’m a psychotherapist with over 15 years of experience and extensive post-graduate training. I offer individual therapy, psychoanalysis, and couples counseling. People who work with me are often seeking help for depression, anxiety, trauma, sexuality/intimacy, LGBTQ issues, relationship problems, and adjusting to challenging life transitions. Whether you are seeking individual or couples therapy, I help you understand yourself so you can be more effective and cope better with the problems that bring you to therapy.
My name is Scott Graybow. I’m a psychotherapist with over 15 years of experience and extensive post-graduate training. I offer individual therapy, psychoanalysis, and couples counseling. People who work with me are often seeking help for depression, anxiety, trauma, sexuality/intimacy, LGBTQ issues, relationship problems, and adjusting to challenging life transitions. Whether you are seeking individual or couples therapy, I help you understand yourself so you can be more effective and cope better with the problems that bring you to therapy.
(917) 994-9570 View (917) 994-9570
Photo of Stella Fischl, Art Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Stella Fischl
Art Therapist, MA, ATR-BC, LCAT
Verified
5 Endorsed
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
Therapy is about accepting who you are, while also exploring the ways you can grow. I’m here to assist you in processing conflicts and experiences, and working on ways to help you cope and move forward. I use art therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and mindfulness-based stress reduction to support introspection and healing. Art therapy can help you access and harness your strengths for healthy change, but you get to decide how much art making you want to integrate. If you haven’t made art since second grade - no worries! No artistic experience is necessary to benefit.
Therapy is about accepting who you are, while also exploring the ways you can grow. I’m here to assist you in processing conflicts and experiences, and working on ways to help you cope and move forward. I use art therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, and mindfulness-based stress reduction to support introspection and healing. Art therapy can help you access and harness your strengths for healthy change, but you get to decide how much art making you want to integrate. If you haven’t made art since second grade - no worries! No artistic experience is necessary to benefit.
(844) 824-0469 View (844) 824-0469
Photo of Chelsie Green, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Chelsie Green
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10017
What is most crucial for me in the therapeutic process is to assist clients in coming home to themselves: building their intuition, giving them space to validate their feelings, and to move towards living in alignment with their truest expression. I enjoy sharing mindfulness techniques and nourishing routine practices with my clients to help them become a more embodied, authentic, and present version of themselves. I believe that my clients know what is best for them, and I hope to help them uncover and connect to that inner knowing.
What is most crucial for me in the therapeutic process is to assist clients in coming home to themselves: building their intuition, giving them space to validate their feelings, and to move towards living in alignment with their truest expression. I enjoy sharing mindfulness techniques and nourishing routine practices with my clients to help them become a more embodied, authentic, and present version of themselves. I believe that my clients know what is best for them, and I hope to help them uncover and connect to that inner knowing.
(646) 759-4345 View (646) 759-4345
Photo of Natalie Lawson , Licensed Mental Health Counselor in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Natalie Lawson
Licensed Mental Health Counselor, LMHC
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016
Are you overwhelmed, and struggling with anxiety, depression, or a significant life transition? Sometimes, it can be hard to get through this alone. If you want a warm, compassionate space where you can feel comfortable to share yourself and your goals, reach out.
Are you overwhelmed, and struggling with anxiety, depression, or a significant life transition? Sometimes, it can be hard to get through this alone. If you want a warm, compassionate space where you can feel comfortable to share yourself and your goals, reach out.
(212) 335-0511 View (212) 335-0511
Photo of Avital Woods, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Avital Woods
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10017
Whether you are anxious, depressed, experiencing a loss, having relationship difficulties, or any other life transition, everyone can benefit from the safe space of therapy. We all get stuck interacting with the world in maladaptive ways and have difficulty finding our way out. I see therapy as a collaborative process in which we work to identify these patterns and to develop new ways of interacting with the world.
Whether you are anxious, depressed, experiencing a loss, having relationship difficulties, or any other life transition, everyone can benefit from the safe space of therapy. We all get stuck interacting with the world in maladaptive ways and have difficulty finding our way out. I see therapy as a collaborative process in which we work to identify these patterns and to develop new ways of interacting with the world.
(917) 300-0688 View (917) 300-0688
Photo of Kayla Wilson, Licensed Master Social Worker in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Kayla Wilson
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
Kayla received her Master’s in Social Work from Binghamton University and is a Licensed Master Social Worker (LMSW.)
Kayla received her Master’s in Social Work from Binghamton University and is a Licensed Master Social Worker (LMSW.)
(646) 798-6120 View (646) 798-6120
Photo of Rebecca Burns Weston, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Rebecca Burns Weston
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, JD, LCSW
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10017
I practice in both NYC and Hastings. I draw on my clinical, activist and legal backgrounds. I work primarily with individuals and couples and in that work, I draw on Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT), for which I have been trained. I also draw on my extensive expertise in working with trauma and attachment. I incorporate sensory or body-based modalities as we go and when relevant, I create room to explore how our political culture impacts our felt sense of well-being. I am an active presence in the room and I use both humor and authentic connection.
I practice in both NYC and Hastings. I draw on my clinical, activist and legal backgrounds. I work primarily with individuals and couples and in that work, I draw on Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT), for which I have been trained. I also draw on my extensive expertise in working with trauma and attachment. I incorporate sensory or body-based modalities as we go and when relevant, I create room to explore how our political culture impacts our felt sense of well-being. I am an active presence in the room and I use both humor and authentic connection.
(914) 354-3451 View (914) 354-3451
Photo of Eric Garfinkle, Psychologist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Eric Garfinkle
Psychologist, JD, PsyD
Verified
3 Endorsed
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016
Having trained in several models of contemporary, evidence-based psychotherapy, I believe firmly that there is no single treatment that works best for everyone. Instead, I have found that therapy is most effective when tailored to the unique needs of each client. As we start our work together, I will help you gain insight into the recurring patterns in your life that are holding you back or causing despair. As treatment proceeds, I will continue to support you as you make what may be difficult, yet, important life changes. I provide services to individuals, as well as to couples seeking more fulfillment from their relationship.
Having trained in several models of contemporary, evidence-based psychotherapy, I believe firmly that there is no single treatment that works best for everyone. Instead, I have found that therapy is most effective when tailored to the unique needs of each client. As we start our work together, I will help you gain insight into the recurring patterns in your life that are holding you back or causing despair. As treatment proceeds, I will continue to support you as you make what may be difficult, yet, important life changes. I provide services to individuals, as well as to couples seeking more fulfillment from their relationship.
(646) 593-7219 View (646) 593-7219
Photo of Joseph LaBadia, Counselor in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Joseph LaBadia
Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCC
Verified
12 Endorsed
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016
I help my clients learn and enhance their abilities to utilize their own strengths in order to overcome issues such as depression, anxiety, relationship issues, substance abuse, and daily or work related stress. I put in a strong effort to connect with my clients and create a working alliance. The treatment I provide is a collaborative process where we will work together for positive changes. I've spent the last five years training and working with clients at institutions such as New York Presbyterian Hospital, the William Alanson White Institute, New York University, and Cornell Medical College.
I help my clients learn and enhance their abilities to utilize their own strengths in order to overcome issues such as depression, anxiety, relationship issues, substance abuse, and daily or work related stress. I put in a strong effort to connect with my clients and create a working alliance. The treatment I provide is a collaborative process where we will work together for positive changes. I've spent the last five years training and working with clients at institutions such as New York Presbyterian Hospital, the William Alanson White Institute, New York University, and Cornell Medical College.
(646) 601-5172 View (646) 601-5172
Photo of Lauren J Behrman, Psychologist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Lauren J Behrman
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10165
Are you in the midst of a life transition-divorce, illness or loss? Are you a parent who wants to protect your child from the fallout of divorce? Do you have a child with special needs that is a challenge to parent? Are you looking to break out of a longstanding pattern of behavior that doesn't serve you well? Are you in a relationship that is painful and you don't know if it can be healed? Are you struggling with issues of infertility or thinking about adoption? Facing these issues and challenges can be daunting. I work with individuals to help them connect to their own capacity for transformation and growth. With the help of therapy people can develop tools and discover resilience that they can use now and in the future to overcome challenges that stand in the way of satisfaction, happiness, and a more fulfilling life.
Are you in the midst of a life transition-divorce, illness or loss? Are you a parent who wants to protect your child from the fallout of divorce? Do you have a child with special needs that is a challenge to parent? Are you looking to break out of a longstanding pattern of behavior that doesn't serve you well? Are you in a relationship that is painful and you don't know if it can be healed? Are you struggling with issues of infertility or thinking about adoption? Facing these issues and challenges can be daunting. I work with individuals to help them connect to their own capacity for transformation and growth. With the help of therapy people can develop tools and discover resilience that they can use now and in the future to overcome challenges that stand in the way of satisfaction, happiness, and a more fulfilling life.
(914) 265-2208 View (914) 265-2208
Photo of Lauren Glick Baker, Psychologist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Lauren Glick Baker
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016
We all experience difficult times. For many of us life presents ongoing challenges such as maintaining healthy relationships, pursuing professional goals, managing depression and anxiety, transitioning through life's stages, or negotiating issues of identity and self esteem. We want to be productive and feel good in healthy ways. I have experience in helping people through these kinds of struggles to find rewarding new ways of being in the world.
We all experience difficult times. For many of us life presents ongoing challenges such as maintaining healthy relationships, pursuing professional goals, managing depression and anxiety, transitioning through life's stages, or negotiating issues of identity and self esteem. We want to be productive and feel good in healthy ways. I have experience in helping people through these kinds of struggles to find rewarding new ways of being in the world.
(917) 832-1474 View (917) 832-1474
Photo of Jocelyn Lee, Pre-Licensed Professional in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Jocelyn Lee
Pre-Licensed Professional, EdM, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016  (Online Only)
Hi, I am Jocelyn and I am a bilingual (English and Chinese) therapist in NYC! I have experience working with individuals and families of all ages who are struggling with anxiety, trauma, depression, relational issues, self-esteem, ADHD, cultural identity. Having a double master’s degree in Mental Health Counseling and Clinical Psychology with a concentration in Spirituality, Mind, Body practices, I am specialized in holistic approaches to healing. I provide culturally sensitive individual and family psychotherapy to children, adolescents, adults, and families.
Hi, I am Jocelyn and I am a bilingual (English and Chinese) therapist in NYC! I have experience working with individuals and families of all ages who are struggling with anxiety, trauma, depression, relational issues, self-esteem, ADHD, cultural identity. Having a double master’s degree in Mental Health Counseling and Clinical Psychology with a concentration in Spirituality, Mind, Body practices, I am specialized in holistic approaches to healing. I provide culturally sensitive individual and family psychotherapy to children, adolescents, adults, and families.
(347) 696-4331 View (347) 696-4331
Photo of Eva Dillon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Eva Dillon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CST
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10017
Relationships and sex are not easy to talk about, so I create a safe, non-judgmental place for these rich and intimate conversations. I see clients who are struggling with intimacy issues, sexual dysfunction or pain, discrepant desire, Out of Control Sexual Behavior, concerns about dating, or navigating non-traditional relationships. I offer a sex-positive, collaborative approach and I have a special interest in eroticism and enhancing sexual experiences. I am an LGBTQ- and kink- affirmative clinician. My passion and training have been focused on helping people to connect with each other to create satisfying relationships.
Relationships and sex are not easy to talk about, so I create a safe, non-judgmental place for these rich and intimate conversations. I see clients who are struggling with intimacy issues, sexual dysfunction or pain, discrepant desire, Out of Control Sexual Behavior, concerns about dating, or navigating non-traditional relationships. I offer a sex-positive, collaborative approach and I have a special interest in eroticism and enhancing sexual experiences. I am an LGBTQ- and kink- affirmative clinician. My passion and training have been focused on helping people to connect with each other to create satisfying relationships.
(917) 806-3905 View (917) 806-3905
Photo of Vienna C Pharaon, Marriage & Family Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Vienna C Pharaon
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified
1 Endorsed
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10016
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in New York City. I work primarily with individuals and couples, and believe to live a fuller life, you must strengthen yourself, and the relationships that are in it. Mindful MFT, PLLC was founded to help clients with that process. My mission is to help you fulfill your therapeutic goals by helping you strengthen your emotional well being, improve your interpersonal relationships, gain insight and understanding around your triggers and reactions, while gaining the necessary tools to be in control of your life and the role you play in your meaningful relationships.
I am a Licensed Marriage and Family Therapist in New York City. I work primarily with individuals and couples, and believe to live a fuller life, you must strengthen yourself, and the relationships that are in it. Mindful MFT, PLLC was founded to help clients with that process. My mission is to help you fulfill your therapeutic goals by helping you strengthen your emotional well being, improve your interpersonal relationships, gain insight and understanding around your triggers and reactions, while gaining the necessary tools to be in control of your life and the role you play in your meaningful relationships.
(917) 746-5747 x100 View (917) 746-5747 x100
Photo of Nikki Kleitzel, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Murray Hill, New York, NY
Nikki Kleitzel
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Murray Hill, New York, NY 10017  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Welcome to my page! I am a 2nd generation therapist who works with adult professionals of all ages who may be struggling with anxiety, depression, transitional issues, and relationship/family issues. I also have extensive experience working with adults suffering from acute and chronic illness, as well as helping individuals navigate death and process grief/bereavement.
Welcome to my page! I am a 2nd generation therapist who works with adult professionals of all ages who may be struggling with anxiety, depression, transitional issues, and relationship/family issues. I also have extensive experience working with adults suffering from acute and chronic illness, as well as helping individuals navigate death and process grief/bereavement.
(718) 550-4601 View (718) 550-4601

See more therapy options for Murray Hill, New York

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Murray Hill, New York, NY

1,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in Murray Hill, New York, NY who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
91% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
71% Self Esteem
70% Stress
68% Trauma and PTSD
64% Grief

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

80% Aetna
56% Cigna and Evernorth
44% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Murray Hill, New York, NY see their clients

64% In Person and Online
36% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
20% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Murray Hill, New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.