Therapists in Harlem, New York, NY

Photo of Carol Bastien, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Carol Bastien
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10039  (Online Only)
My name is Carol Bastien, I am an empathic, caring clinical therapist interested in working with you as you deal with the issues and stressors you face. You don't have to do it alone. My 25+ years of training and compassionate care allows me to partner with you as you work through the crises/circumstances you are dealing with. Taking the time to attend to your mental health is an investment you deserve! The impetus for change lies within and with the right supports in place, I have seen clients achieve amazing results!
My name is Carol Bastien, I am an empathic, caring clinical therapist interested in working with you as you deal with the issues and stressors you face. You don't have to do it alone. My 25+ years of training and compassionate care allows me to partner with you as you work through the crises/circumstances you are dealing with. Taking the time to attend to your mental health is an investment you deserve! The impetus for change lies within and with the right supports in place, I have seen clients achieve amazing results!
(347) 801-7428 View (347) 801-7428
Photo of Edward Joseph Yaeger Jr., LMHC, LPC, MBA, MPA, MA, Counselor
Edward Joseph Yaeger Jr.
Counselor, LMHC, LPC, MBA, MPA, MA
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Harlem, New York, NY 10030
Therapy is both, an art and a science. Effective therapy is both, laborious and liberating; while an effective therapist is someone who has experience, knowledge wisdom, awareness, humility, empathy, compassion, and what we in the field call "unconditional positive regard" for clients. Lastly, an effective client (read: possibly you) is anyone who seeks to foster self-awareness, self-care, self-actualization, and self-love. You deserve happiness, fulfillment, integrity, and peace. Perhaps this sounds trite and rhetorical, but give it some further consideration in your gut and in your soul. Listen to what each is yearning for.
Therapy is both, an art and a science. Effective therapy is both, laborious and liberating; while an effective therapist is someone who has experience, knowledge wisdom, awareness, humility, empathy, compassion, and what we in the field call "unconditional positive regard" for clients. Lastly, an effective client (read: possibly you) is anyone who seeks to foster self-awareness, self-care, self-actualization, and self-love. You deserve happiness, fulfillment, integrity, and peace. Perhaps this sounds trite and rhetorical, but give it some further consideration in your gut and in your soul. Listen to what each is yearning for.
(646) 849-3883 View (646) 849-3883
Photo of Tara Lee Petrochko, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tara Lee Petrochko
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10027  (Online Only)
I am a relational psychodynamic therapist that specializes in working with queer (LGBQ+), transgender, and gender non-conforming adults. I view individuals as the experts of their own lives and experiences. I am affirming of kink and alternate relationship models such as polyamory/ENM. My practice is trauma-informed and draws from insight oriented modalities such as IFS and contemporary psychoanalysis. I have significant experience working with folks around gender, identity, depression, anxiety, relationships, and ADHD.
I am a relational psychodynamic therapist that specializes in working with queer (LGBQ+), transgender, and gender non-conforming adults. I view individuals as the experts of their own lives and experiences. I am affirming of kink and alternate relationship models such as polyamory/ENM. My practice is trauma-informed and draws from insight oriented modalities such as IFS and contemporary psychoanalysis. I have significant experience working with folks around gender, identity, depression, anxiety, relationships, and ADHD.
(646) 916-4746 View (646) 916-4746
Photo of Victor Stuart Alan Fraser, LMSW, Pre-Licensed Professional
Victor Stuart Alan Fraser
Pre-Licensed Professional, LMSW
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10030
I take an eclectic approach to therapeutic modalities, incorporating psychodynamic and relational approaches with specific CBT, DBT, and mindfulness skills. I believe that exploring our past experiences and the ways we carry patterns of relating to people throughout our lives is the bedrock of therapeutic change, but that at times, it is important to focus on here and now skills in order to deal with acute crises.
I take an eclectic approach to therapeutic modalities, incorporating psychodynamic and relational approaches with specific CBT, DBT, and mindfulness skills. I believe that exploring our past experiences and the ways we carry patterns of relating to people throughout our lives is the bedrock of therapeutic change, but that at times, it is important to focus on here and now skills in order to deal with acute crises.
(332) 895-1714 View (332) 895-1714
Photo of Zaida Liranzo, LCSW, CASAC, ICADC, MAC, SIFI, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Zaida Liranzo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CASAC, ICADC, MAC, SIFI
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10030  (Online Only)
I am compassionate and hold the utmost positive regards and respect for others. When working with me my clients will feel safe and understood. The alliance between my clients and I will serve as a pivotal part of our working relationship that is based on trust and mutual understanding for my clients unique needs.
I am compassionate and hold the utmost positive regards and respect for others. When working with me my clients will feel safe and understood. The alliance between my clients and I will serve as a pivotal part of our working relationship that is based on trust and mutual understanding for my clients unique needs.
(646) 722-6974 View (646) 722-6974
Photo of Akilah Sigler, MSEd, LMHC, Counselor
Akilah Sigler
Counselor, MSEd, LMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Harlem, New York, NY 10026  (Online Only)
I provide therapy that is warm, customized, and collaborative. I am committed to the continuous learning and unlearning that enables me to be responsive to the needs of my communities, particularly BIPOC & Trans/GNC/Queer clients. Many of my clients come to therapy feeling stuck, uncertain, uneasy, or depressed. I work with clients to contextualize these experiences fostering deeper insight, creative responses, meaning, and connection. I believe that therapeutic work extends beyond the therapy session and I emphasize systemic responses to systemic injustice.
I provide therapy that is warm, customized, and collaborative. I am committed to the continuous learning and unlearning that enables me to be responsive to the needs of my communities, particularly BIPOC & Trans/GNC/Queer clients. Many of my clients come to therapy feeling stuck, uncertain, uneasy, or depressed. I work with clients to contextualize these experiences fostering deeper insight, creative responses, meaning, and connection. I believe that therapeutic work extends beyond the therapy session and I emphasize systemic responses to systemic injustice.
(929) 297-8344 View (929) 297-8344
Photo of Annette Santiago-España, PhD, Psychologist
Annette Santiago-España
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10026  (Online Only)
Are you seeking to make positive changes in your life but are not sure where to begin? Then know you are not alone and that you have come to the right place. Seeking treatment can be challenging but also incredibly rewarding when provided with a safe space to explore what is most important to you, what worries you, what might make you sad or feel out of control, as well as what your hopes and dreams are for your life. We will collaboratively develop goals for our work together and strive towards achieving those by exploring your current situation, your background, and your history of relationships and experiences.
Are you seeking to make positive changes in your life but are not sure where to begin? Then know you are not alone and that you have come to the right place. Seeking treatment can be challenging but also incredibly rewarding when provided with a safe space to explore what is most important to you, what worries you, what might make you sad or feel out of control, as well as what your hopes and dreams are for your life. We will collaboratively develop goals for our work together and strive towards achieving those by exploring your current situation, your background, and your history of relationships and experiences.
(646) 349-0617 View (646) 349-0617
Photo of George Chang, LCSW, SIFI, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
George Chang
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SIFI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harlem, New York, NY 10027  (Online Only)
Do you feel misunderstood or disconnected in interpersonal relationships? Do you find yourself in similar patterns in you relationships? Are you experiencing anxiety or low mood about life transitions and challenges? Together, we can explore the source of these challenges to identify relational and thought patterns towards paths for positive changes and to start feeling better and more fulfilled in your relationships.
Do you feel misunderstood or disconnected in interpersonal relationships? Do you find yourself in similar patterns in you relationships? Are you experiencing anxiety or low mood about life transitions and challenges? Together, we can explore the source of these challenges to identify relational and thought patterns towards paths for positive changes and to start feeling better and more fulfilled in your relationships.
(646) 437-8565 View (646) 437-8565
Photo of Gabbie Green, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Gabbie Green
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10027  (Online Only)
I am passionate about supporting my clients in creating a stronger sense of self. You may find that your choices or behaviors aren't in accordance with your goals and you often feel regret, shame, and worry. Even when you’ve taken the time to sift through societal messages and make decisions based on what feels most authentic, it can still be difficult to stand firm in this while navigating family, relationships, and careers. My work is to validate, affirm, and guide you in gaining deeper understanding of what you value and radiating who you are through action and being.
I am passionate about supporting my clients in creating a stronger sense of self. You may find that your choices or behaviors aren't in accordance with your goals and you often feel regret, shame, and worry. Even when you’ve taken the time to sift through societal messages and make decisions based on what feels most authentic, it can still be difficult to stand firm in this while navigating family, relationships, and careers. My work is to validate, affirm, and guide you in gaining deeper understanding of what you value and radiating who you are through action and being.
(646) 916-4401 View (646) 916-4401
Photo of Kayli Wrenn, PhD, Psychologist
Kayli Wrenn
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10027
Exploring your life and inner experiences can be both a profoundly healing and challenging process. In my practice, I strive to cultivate a therapeutic space that feels safe and empowering. Meeting each patient with compassion and non-judgment, I accompany them as we collaboratively process their relationships, emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. I work as a supervising psychologist at Mount Sinai in Manhattan, New York and am available to see patients both online and in-person. I work with a broad range of patients and specialize in the treatment of trauma, sexual assault, and relationship difficulties.
Exploring your life and inner experiences can be both a profoundly healing and challenging process. In my practice, I strive to cultivate a therapeutic space that feels safe and empowering. Meeting each patient with compassion and non-judgment, I accompany them as we collaboratively process their relationships, emotions, thoughts, and behaviors. I work as a supervising psychologist at Mount Sinai in Manhattan, New York and am available to see patients both online and in-person. I work with a broad range of patients and specialize in the treatment of trauma, sexual assault, and relationship difficulties.
(646) 437-8766 View (646) 437-8766
Photo of undefined - Alycia The Life Coach, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Alycia The Life Coach
Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10039
I believe in the power of change and having new insights. Life is hard and having someone to listen and walk you through some of life’s toughest challenges can be the strength you need to succeed.
I believe in the power of change and having new insights. Life is hard and having someone to listen and walk you through some of life’s toughest challenges can be the strength you need to succeed.
(646) 651-4542 View (646) 651-4542
Photo of Dora Owuor, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dora Owuor
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10027  (Online Only)
We have all been there when we have what feels like a million stressors which are affecting different parts of our life and have no outlet to process what we are going through. The feelings of anxiousness can hinder us from doing the things we want to do. I can provide you with a non judgmental space, which you deserve, where you can process and learn the tools to feel better and see change in your life. I am committed to empowering you to explore how your thoughts, feelings and behaviors connect and contribute to your well being.
We have all been there when we have what feels like a million stressors which are affecting different parts of our life and have no outlet to process what we are going through. The feelings of anxiousness can hinder us from doing the things we want to do. I can provide you with a non judgmental space, which you deserve, where you can process and learn the tools to feel better and see change in your life. I am committed to empowering you to explore how your thoughts, feelings and behaviors connect and contribute to your well being.
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Photo of Jane Coty, Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Jane Coty
Marriage & Family Therapist Intern
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harlem, New York, NY 10039  (Online Only)
Ideal clients are open to change, introspection, and vulnerability. Therapy can be a scary process; We look at ourselves and our lives with the goals of making a change for the better, or maybe a deeper understanding of ourselves. It's my goal to build a relationship with you so we can explore yourself, and your life together, in a safe and enlightening way. It's my experience that the most important aspect of therapy is the relationship between therapist and client. Feeling safe with your therapist is paramount, and it's what I prioritize in my own practice. I want you to feel comfortable to be vulnerable, and explore yourself.
Ideal clients are open to change, introspection, and vulnerability. Therapy can be a scary process; We look at ourselves and our lives with the goals of making a change for the better, or maybe a deeper understanding of ourselves. It's my goal to build a relationship with you so we can explore yourself, and your life together, in a safe and enlightening way. It's my experience that the most important aspect of therapy is the relationship between therapist and client. Feeling safe with your therapist is paramount, and it's what I prioritize in my own practice. I want you to feel comfortable to be vulnerable, and explore yourself.
(929) 955-1473 View (929) 955-1473
Photo of Phyllis Otera Thomas, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Phyllis Otera Thomas
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10026
As a clinical therapist my best approach in the helping process is through empathy, active listening as well as a supportive environment. I believe that my enthusiasm, and commitment comes from my positive results of working with patients who were going through bereavement, children in crises, domestic violence and addiction of all types.
As a clinical therapist my best approach in the helping process is through empathy, active listening as well as a supportive environment. I believe that my enthusiasm, and commitment comes from my positive results of working with patients who were going through bereavement, children in crises, domestic violence and addiction of all types.
(917) 551-5410 View (917) 551-5410
Photo of Mirabela Osadci, MA
Mirabela Osadci
MA
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10021  (Online Only)
IFS Therapist with an eclectic and inventive approach. Practicing Internal Family Systems Therapy (IFS) and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT). I believe that people already have within themselves what they need in order to overcome their struggles. All it takes is a bit of guidance and someone to ask the right questions. My wish for my clients is that they find the inner freedom to live the life that they want. I mostly work with expats, travelers, digital nomads, burners - I can relate to the lifestyle and can appreciate the need for flexibility and rescheduling sessions when necessary, however, anyone is welcome.
IFS Therapist with an eclectic and inventive approach. Practicing Internal Family Systems Therapy (IFS) and Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT). I believe that people already have within themselves what they need in order to overcome their struggles. All it takes is a bit of guidance and someone to ask the right questions. My wish for my clients is that they find the inner freedom to live the life that they want. I mostly work with expats, travelers, digital nomads, burners - I can relate to the lifestyle and can appreciate the need for flexibility and rescheduling sessions when necessary, however, anyone is welcome.
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Photo of undefined - Charlotte Elkin, LCSW P.C., LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Charlotte Elkin, LCSW P.C.
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10026  (Online Only)
Sometimes life's challenges, transitions, or conditions are more than we can handle. Feelings of sadness or fear overwhelm. We realize that the way we are living is not how we want to live but are unable to make changes on our own. Unhealthy relationships, dealing with disappointment or loss, feeling alone, or struggling with an inner critic, are a few examples of what leads people to reach out to me. In my practice I largely employ the Internal Family Systems (IFS) model as my framework but also draw techniques from CBT, EMDR, DBT, mindfulness, somatic experiencing, and psychodynamic psychotherapy, when needed.
Sometimes life's challenges, transitions, or conditions are more than we can handle. Feelings of sadness or fear overwhelm. We realize that the way we are living is not how we want to live but are unable to make changes on our own. Unhealthy relationships, dealing with disappointment or loss, feeling alone, or struggling with an inner critic, are a few examples of what leads people to reach out to me. In my practice I largely employ the Internal Family Systems (IFS) model as my framework but also draw techniques from CBT, EMDR, DBT, mindfulness, somatic experiencing, and psychodynamic psychotherapy, when needed.
(914) 357-7898 View (914) 357-7898
Photo of Rachel Remes, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Rachel Remes
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10128
I work with teens and adults who are experiencing a variety of concerns, including trauma, anxiety, depression, or questions of identity or purpose. Perhaps it seems, on the surface, that we are productive and high- achieving, performing well at work, school, or other responsibilities, yet, deep down it feels as if we are simply “going through the motions”. We would like to feel more connected with others and invested in our life and goals, but are unsure where to start.
I work with teens and adults who are experiencing a variety of concerns, including trauma, anxiety, depression, or questions of identity or purpose. Perhaps it seems, on the surface, that we are productive and high- achieving, performing well at work, school, or other responsibilities, yet, deep down it feels as if we are simply “going through the motions”. We would like to feel more connected with others and invested in our life and goals, but are unsure where to start.
(914) 353-4963 View (914) 353-4963
Photo of Tori A Bronaugh, PhD, Psychologist
Tori A Bronaugh
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harlem, New York, NY 10027  (Online Only)
Hello, seeking therapy is a considerable step toward self-care and designing a satisfying life. Have you asked yourself why you repeat old behavioral patterns? Have you wondered how to improve relationships with others or seek to be more effective in meeting your family and career goals? Together, we can identify your triggers and develop strategies to overcome them. Don't let past experiences hold you back from living your best life. In the context of our therapeutic relationship, we can reduce your stress reactions, and identify tools to build stronger connections with others.
Hello, seeking therapy is a considerable step toward self-care and designing a satisfying life. Have you asked yourself why you repeat old behavioral patterns? Have you wondered how to improve relationships with others or seek to be more effective in meeting your family and career goals? Together, we can identify your triggers and develop strategies to overcome them. Don't let past experiences hold you back from living your best life. In the context of our therapeutic relationship, we can reduce your stress reactions, and identify tools to build stronger connections with others.
(929) 265-1368 View (929) 265-1368
Photo of David M. Ortmann, LCSW, CMBT, OSM, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
David M. Ortmann
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CMBT, OSM
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Harlem, New York, NY 10026
Waitlist for new clients
Bring it on! I offer uniquely tailored psychotherapy & sex therapy. Please talk about everything & anything, particularly topics that other therapists don't understand or won't hear. I'm said to have a large capacity for care, compassion, & candor while also being a straight-talker. I synthesize depth psychotherapy, sex therapy, coaching, counseling, and more. Sexual diversity, erotic pleasure, and relational intimacy are areas in which I thrive. We'll forge a deep therapeutic alliance and find, confront, address, and overcome the obstacles keeping you from being the very best version of yourself possible.
Bring it on! I offer uniquely tailored psychotherapy & sex therapy. Please talk about everything & anything, particularly topics that other therapists don't understand or won't hear. I'm said to have a large capacity for care, compassion, & candor while also being a straight-talker. I synthesize depth psychotherapy, sex therapy, coaching, counseling, and more. Sexual diversity, erotic pleasure, and relational intimacy are areas in which I thrive. We'll forge a deep therapeutic alliance and find, confront, address, and overcome the obstacles keeping you from being the very best version of yourself possible.
(646) 374-4300 View (646) 374-4300
Photo of undefined - Its Never Too Late Mental Health Counseling PLLC, LMHC, CAMS, CCATP, LPC, Counselor
Its Never Too Late Mental Health Counseling PLLC
Counselor, LMHC, CAMS, CCATP, LPC
Verified Verified
Harlem, New York, NY 10027
We are a dynamic multidisciplinary team of psychologists, mental health counselors, and social workers. Our clinicians have extensive practice experience in areas such as educational systems, advocacy organizations, and community-based organizations. We utilize our extensive practice-based knowledge in conjunction with evidence-based models to individualize your treatment. Our office is a safe and judgment free space where clients can talk openly about the challenges they face. We utilize a holistic therapeutic approach which explores a client’s whole self. This includes their physical, mental, emotional, spiritual and social being.
We are a dynamic multidisciplinary team of psychologists, mental health counselors, and social workers. Our clinicians have extensive practice experience in areas such as educational systems, advocacy organizations, and community-based organizations. We utilize our extensive practice-based knowledge in conjunction with evidence-based models to individualize your treatment. Our office is a safe and judgment free space where clients can talk openly about the challenges they face. We utilize a holistic therapeutic approach which explores a client’s whole self. This includes their physical, mental, emotional, spiritual and social being.
(855) 816-4758 View (855) 816-4758

See more therapy options for Harlem, New York

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Harlem, New York, NY

500+

Average cost per session

$180

Therapists in Harlem, New York, NY who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
90% Depression
85% Relationship Issues
75% Self Esteem
67% Trauma and PTSD
61% Grief
60% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Aetna
63% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
60% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Harlem, New York, NY see their clients

55% In Person and Online
45% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
20% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Harlem, New York?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.