Therapists in Liverpool, NY

Photo of Tiffany Bombardo, Licensed Master Social Worker in Liverpool, NY
Tiffany Bombardo
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13088  (Online Only)
Telehealth means you get to show up just as you are—whether that's in your PJs or with your pet curled up beside you. It’s here that I'll meet you, with a smile and a listening ear, ready to dive into the work that feels most pressing for you. From tackling trauma to managing the ebb and flow of anxieties, we’ll chart the course together. I listen with intent and offer support that’s judgment free, tailoring therapy to your personal needs. Our sessions are driven by your objectives, using scientifically proven methods to help you achieve them. Possible treatments include EMDR, DBT, CBT, solution-focused therapy, and coaching.
Telehealth means you get to show up just as you are—whether that's in your PJs or with your pet curled up beside you. It’s here that I'll meet you, with a smile and a listening ear, ready to dive into the work that feels most pressing for you. From tackling trauma to managing the ebb and flow of anxieties, we’ll chart the course together. I listen with intent and offer support that’s judgment free, tailoring therapy to your personal needs. Our sessions are driven by your objectives, using scientifically proven methods to help you achieve them. Possible treatments include EMDR, DBT, CBT, solution-focused therapy, and coaching.
(315) 904-2446 View (315) 904-2446
Photo of Kathryn Jewell LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Liverpool, NY
Kathryn Jewell LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13090
People can look like they "have it all together" but feel like their world is falling apart. People often put on a brave face, smile, and say "I'm fine" but they are crumbling inside, finding it difficult to focus. Struggles with family, relationships, work, and school may stem from different experiences that have affected how a person develops emotionally and how a person sees the world around them. The sadness and emotional disconnect that occurs can cause loneliness and anger; anxiety and pain.
People can look like they "have it all together" but feel like their world is falling apart. People often put on a brave face, smile, and say "I'm fine" but they are crumbling inside, finding it difficult to focus. Struggles with family, relationships, work, and school may stem from different experiences that have affected how a person develops emotionally and how a person sees the world around them. The sadness and emotional disconnect that occurs can cause loneliness and anger; anxiety and pain.
(315) 543-6743 View (315) 543-6743
Photo of Brett Bauer, Counselor in Liverpool, NY
Brett Bauer
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13088
Accepting new clients! Finding the right therapist is a challenging task, you want to find someone who is going to challenge and support you. If you are looking for someone who is calm, relaxed, and non-judgemental, then I would be an ideal person for you. I currently am accepting people who are ages 16-120 and have a wide range of skills working with a variety of difficulties. I have many years of experience supporting people with managing their Depression, Anxiety, Relationship Difficulties, Mens issues, Woman's issues, PTSD, Bipolar disorder, Couples Counseling, Teens, and Adults.
Accepting new clients! Finding the right therapist is a challenging task, you want to find someone who is going to challenge and support you. If you are looking for someone who is calm, relaxed, and non-judgemental, then I would be an ideal person for you. I currently am accepting people who are ages 16-120 and have a wide range of skills working with a variety of difficulties. I have many years of experience supporting people with managing their Depression, Anxiety, Relationship Difficulties, Mens issues, Woman's issues, PTSD, Bipolar disorder, Couples Counseling, Teens, and Adults.
(315) 757-3273 View (315) 757-3273
Photo of Autumn Leaf Lancette in Liverpool, NY
Autumn Leaf Lancette
P-LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13090  (Online Only)
My name is Autumn. I am a Mental Health Counselor at Restore and Renew Therapy Services located in Liverpool, NY. I have clinical experience providing care for adults, adolescents, children (8+), families, and groups. My approach emphasizes the therapeutic alliance, where we work together using evidence-based practices to achieve your goals. Together, we can identify and work towards the changes you would like to make in your life. We can confront unhelpful thoughts and behaviors, embrace self-love, express gratitude, and discover effective coping skills at your own pace.
My name is Autumn. I am a Mental Health Counselor at Restore and Renew Therapy Services located in Liverpool, NY. I have clinical experience providing care for adults, adolescents, children (8+), families, and groups. My approach emphasizes the therapeutic alliance, where we work together using evidence-based practices to achieve your goals. Together, we can identify and work towards the changes you would like to make in your life. We can confront unhelpful thoughts and behaviors, embrace self-love, express gratitude, and discover effective coping skills at your own pace.
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Photo of Emily Darbey, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Liverpool, NY
Emily Darbey
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NY 13088
Waitlist for new clients
Hi there! I'm Emily and have been working with clients with diverse needs and goals for over 8 years. Some of the challenges I am familiar working with include generalized and social anxiety, depression, Bipolar Disorder, OCD, grief, stress management, life changes/transitions, relationship difficulties, and social skills.
Hi there! I'm Emily and have been working with clients with diverse needs and goals for over 8 years. Some of the challenges I am familiar working with include generalized and social anxiety, depression, Bipolar Disorder, OCD, grief, stress management, life changes/transitions, relationship difficulties, and social skills.
(315) 791-8352 View (315) 791-8352
Photo of David Babb, Pre-Licensed Professional in Liverpool, NY
David Babb
Pre-Licensed Professional, MS, MHC-LP, CASAC-2
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13088
Offering evenings, Saturdays, and sliding scale! Life is challenging and at times it can feel overwhelming. Maybe you're facing difficult choices and a future filled with uncertainty or perhaps you're carrying burdens from your past that are hard to reconcile. Sometimes tried and true methods of coping just seem to come up short. If you've been struggling with issues like anxiety, depression, relationships, or other personal challenges, then navigating alone, without help, can be very difficult.
Offering evenings, Saturdays, and sliding scale! Life is challenging and at times it can feel overwhelming. Maybe you're facing difficult choices and a future filled with uncertainty or perhaps you're carrying burdens from your past that are hard to reconcile. Sometimes tried and true methods of coping just seem to come up short. If you've been struggling with issues like anxiety, depression, relationships, or other personal challenges, then navigating alone, without help, can be very difficult.
(315) 757-1420 View (315) 757-1420
Photo of Michelle Stiles, Counselor in Liverpool, NY
Michelle Stiles
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
5 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13088  (Online Only)
Do you feel like you're always worried about something? You jump straight to Google if you have a weird physical sensation or a heart palpitation? Or maybe you ask your partner for constant reassurance? Do you avoid places or people that have made you anxious in the past? Or maybe you push through them, but then you're either exhausted or feel guilty because you're irritable. And you've done all the yoga and deep breathing, but then the anxiety and panic come back. Plus, you're tired of paying the copay at the doctor's for reassurance that you're not dying. You're ready to stop overthinking but you're not sure where to start.
Do you feel like you're always worried about something? You jump straight to Google if you have a weird physical sensation or a heart palpitation? Or maybe you ask your partner for constant reassurance? Do you avoid places or people that have made you anxious in the past? Or maybe you push through them, but then you're either exhausted or feel guilty because you're irritable. And you've done all the yoga and deep breathing, but then the anxiety and panic come back. Plus, you're tired of paying the copay at the doctor's for reassurance that you're not dying. You're ready to stop overthinking but you're not sure where to start.
(315) 509-3566 View (315) 509-3566
Photo of Annaliese Zerafa, Creative Arts Therapist in Liverpool, NY
Annaliese Zerafa
Creative Arts Therapist, LCAT, ATR-BC, CASAC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13090
Life comes with a lot of stressors that can be difficult to manage on our own. My intention is to help individuals become the support system they need, cope with daily stressors, and manage big emotions. My work focuses on using the skills you already have within you and amplifying your ability to be creative; helping to ensure you get the most benefit from your time in therapy. I’m passionate about sparking creativity and working through the therapeutic art process rather than for a product. If you’re interested in trying out art therapy, reach out today so you can and allow yourself to grow through creativity!
Life comes with a lot of stressors that can be difficult to manage on our own. My intention is to help individuals become the support system they need, cope with daily stressors, and manage big emotions. My work focuses on using the skills you already have within you and amplifying your ability to be creative; helping to ensure you get the most benefit from your time in therapy. I’m passionate about sparking creativity and working through the therapeutic art process rather than for a product. If you’re interested in trying out art therapy, reach out today so you can and allow yourself to grow through creativity!
(315) 897-1853 View (315) 897-1853
Photo of Alicia Clifford, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Liverpool, NY
Alicia Clifford
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSWR, MHt, BCD
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NY 13088
Partner with a therapist who has a proven track record for helping clients achieve the results they are looking for! Since 2002, Alicia has had the privilege of professionally assisting others as they navigate symptoms prevent mental well-being, interpersonal struggles, traumatic experiences, crisis situations, and their quests for personal growth, development, and discovery. Alicia specializes in the treatment of trauma, anxiety, depression, ADHD, attachment injury/styles, mind-body-spirit work, hypnotherapy, and healing the impact of adverse childhood experiences.
Partner with a therapist who has a proven track record for helping clients achieve the results they are looking for! Since 2002, Alicia has had the privilege of professionally assisting others as they navigate symptoms prevent mental well-being, interpersonal struggles, traumatic experiences, crisis situations, and their quests for personal growth, development, and discovery. Alicia specializes in the treatment of trauma, anxiety, depression, ADHD, attachment injury/styles, mind-body-spirit work, hypnotherapy, and healing the impact of adverse childhood experiences.
(315) 954-4465 View (315) 954-4465
Photo of Suzanne Haas-Cunningham, Marriage & Family Therapist in Liverpool, NY
Suzanne Haas-Cunningham
Marriage & Family Therapist, PhD, LMFT
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NY 13090
Do you want help improving your relationships? Suzanne works with folks interested in healing and growing in their relationships: working through pesky life problems that you and your loved ones face on a day-to-day level, dealing with loss and change, coping after traumatic events, and promoting awareness of mind/body/spirit connections. You can try therapy with your partner or your family to learn how to grow together; or attend individually if you are wanting to understand yourself better. It can help to find a safe place to allow your thoughts and emotions to be expressed directly.
Do you want help improving your relationships? Suzanne works with folks interested in healing and growing in their relationships: working through pesky life problems that you and your loved ones face on a day-to-day level, dealing with loss and change, coping after traumatic events, and promoting awareness of mind/body/spirit connections. You can try therapy with your partner or your family to learn how to grow together; or attend individually if you are wanting to understand yourself better. It can help to find a safe place to allow your thoughts and emotions to be expressed directly.
(315) 878-8088 View (315) 878-8088
Photo of Salman Hafeez, Pre-Licensed Professional in Liverpool, NY
Salman Hafeez
Pre-Licensed Professional, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NY 13090  (Online Only)
Hello, and welcome to my bio. Many therapists treat or manage symptoms - worry, sadness, anger, etc. - an approach that works for many people, but in a way that often provides temporary relief. As a holistic therapist, I focus more on the underlying factors - the things that motivate or influence the symptoms that people experience. I work with people who want to explore why they do the things they do and want to be more intentional and thoughtful in their decision-making, behavior, and relationships. I concentrate on developing a therapeutic relationship and cultivating a safe environment where the clients can share freely.
Hello, and welcome to my bio. Many therapists treat or manage symptoms - worry, sadness, anger, etc. - an approach that works for many people, but in a way that often provides temporary relief. As a holistic therapist, I focus more on the underlying factors - the things that motivate or influence the symptoms that people experience. I work with people who want to explore why they do the things they do and want to be more intentional and thoughtful in their decision-making, behavior, and relationships. I concentrate on developing a therapeutic relationship and cultivating a safe environment where the clients can share freely.
(315) 284-3830 View (315) 284-3830
Photo of Jennifer M Fitzgerald, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Liverpool, NY
Jennifer M Fitzgerald
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NY 13090  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Welcome to therapy! I am an ARMY Veteran who left the military to pursue a career in the helping profession. I look forward to working with you!
Welcome to therapy! I am an ARMY Veteran who left the military to pursue a career in the helping profession. I look forward to working with you!
(315) 864-5969 View (315) 864-5969
Photo of Helen Johnson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Liverpool, NY
Helen Johnson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NY 13088
Not accepting new clients
**Not accepting new clients** I am pleased that you have found my private teletherapy practice. Reaching out for support for you and/or your loved one takes tremendous courage. We can conquer this journey together now that you have one of the hardest steps behind you. I sincerely look forward to the opportunity to walk beside you on your journey to a better life! The teletherapy platform is easy, private, safe, efficient and flexible with improved and streamlined communication. Just imagine participating in therapy in your pajamas under your favorite blanket. That is what I am offering on a 100% HIPAA compliant platform.
**Not accepting new clients** I am pleased that you have found my private teletherapy practice. Reaching out for support for you and/or your loved one takes tremendous courage. We can conquer this journey together now that you have one of the hardest steps behind you. I sincerely look forward to the opportunity to walk beside you on your journey to a better life! The teletherapy platform is easy, private, safe, efficient and flexible with improved and streamlined communication. Just imagine participating in therapy in your pajamas under your favorite blanket. That is what I am offering on a 100% HIPAA compliant platform.
(315) 506-4886 View (315) 506-4886
Photo of Ashley Taylor Crum in Liverpool, NY
Ashley Taylor Crum
PLMHC
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NY 13090
Waitlist for new clients
I am a recent graduate of the Mental Health Counseling and Wellness program, maintaining a 4.0 gpa at New York University. I currently hold a permit as a Mental Health Counselor and receive clinical supervision from Amudalat Lasisi, LMHC. I am called to service and have a compassionate heart for people and the human condition. I enjoy working collaboratively to cultivate a holistic healing experience that addresses the body, spirit, and soul (mind, will, and emotions). My style is discerning, warm, laid back, and attentive with an appropriate fun flare.
I am a recent graduate of the Mental Health Counseling and Wellness program, maintaining a 4.0 gpa at New York University. I currently hold a permit as a Mental Health Counselor and receive clinical supervision from Amudalat Lasisi, LMHC. I am called to service and have a compassionate heart for people and the human condition. I enjoy working collaboratively to cultivate a holistic healing experience that addresses the body, spirit, and soul (mind, will, and emotions). My style is discerning, warm, laid back, and attentive with an appropriate fun flare.
(315) 677-7330 View (315) 677-7330
Photo of Annemarie Cristino, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Liverpool, NY
Annemarie Cristino
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SAP, CEAP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13088  (Online Only)
For over 33 years, I have worked with individuals, couples, and groups to help them manage stress, heal emotional wounds, and bring into awareness past learning that may block happiness today. Individuals want direct but supportive listening and honest feedback. My desire is to gently motivate, educate, and inspire Individuals to establish healthy emotional boundaries. Individuals will feel motivated, educated, and inspired to establish healthy emotional boundaries so that they can positively and productively increase their self-confidence and self-esteem.
For over 33 years, I have worked with individuals, couples, and groups to help them manage stress, heal emotional wounds, and bring into awareness past learning that may block happiness today. Individuals want direct but supportive listening and honest feedback. My desire is to gently motivate, educate, and inspire Individuals to establish healthy emotional boundaries. Individuals will feel motivated, educated, and inspired to establish healthy emotional boundaries so that they can positively and productively increase their self-confidence and self-esteem.
(856) 617-5894 View (856) 617-5894
Photo of Dr. Garry Spink, Psychologist in Liverpool, NY
Dr. Garry Spink
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13089  (Online Only)
Do you struggle with a chronic health condition that affects all aspects of your day-to-day life? Do you feel exhausted, overwhelmed, and worried that there is no light at the end of the tunnel? Have you had a provider gaslight you or insist that "it's all in your head?" Do you hope that your life will get better? More than ever, people with chronic illnesses are feeling frustrated by the countless treatments they have tried which have yielded little to no benefit. They have been dismissed by various providers, and have trying to find a new way in life. Getting better should not be so hard, and I am here to help you get going!
Do you struggle with a chronic health condition that affects all aspects of your day-to-day life? Do you feel exhausted, overwhelmed, and worried that there is no light at the end of the tunnel? Have you had a provider gaslight you or insist that "it's all in your head?" Do you hope that your life will get better? More than ever, people with chronic illnesses are feeling frustrated by the countless treatments they have tried which have yielded little to no benefit. They have been dismissed by various providers, and have trying to find a new way in life. Getting better should not be so hard, and I am here to help you get going!
(315) 961-9959 View (315) 961-9959
Photo of Malia Rogers in Liverpool, NY
Malia Rogers
MS, MA, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13090  (Online Only)
I strongly believe in the power of relationships to heal and inspire profound growth, when built upon a foundation of co-created safety and liberation. I strive to create a nonjudgmental therapeutic environment where clients can feel free to express their thoughts, feelings, and desires that may be considered taboo in other environments. I have personal and professional experience with supporting those who have been othered and bring authenticity and compassionate curiosity to the therapeutic space. I work to build awareness through exploring personal histories then drawing connections and identifying patterns across the lifetime.
I strongly believe in the power of relationships to heal and inspire profound growth, when built upon a foundation of co-created safety and liberation. I strive to create a nonjudgmental therapeutic environment where clients can feel free to express their thoughts, feelings, and desires that may be considered taboo in other environments. I have personal and professional experience with supporting those who have been othered and bring authenticity and compassionate curiosity to the therapeutic space. I work to build awareness through exploring personal histories then drawing connections and identifying patterns across the lifetime.
(315) 666-3118 View (315) 666-3118
Photo of R&R Therapy Services in Liverpool, NY
R&R Therapy Services
LMHC, NCC, CASAC-T
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NY 13090
At Restore and Renew Therapy Services, therapy is a collaborative relationship between you and your therapist. Treatment will move at your pace and your therapist will provide a holistic approach, treating the whole person/system and not just the symptom. You will work to resolve ways to improve your overall wellness by engaging in custom interventions best suited for your needs.
At Restore and Renew Therapy Services, therapy is a collaborative relationship between you and your therapist. Treatment will move at your pace and your therapist will provide a holistic approach, treating the whole person/system and not just the symptom. You will work to resolve ways to improve your overall wellness by engaging in custom interventions best suited for your needs.
(315) 677-7330 View (315) 677-7330
Photo of Peter Curkendall, Counselor in Liverpool, NY
Peter Curkendall
Counselor, MA, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Liverpool, NY 13088  (Online Only)
Suffering is a normal and unavoidable part of human experience. It is our attempt to control or avoid our own painful experiences that can, at times, lead us to suffering beyond what is necessary. If we can learn ways to let go of the struggle to hold onto the pain, while becoming more present in our daily lives, we get move towards the life we say we want.
Suffering is a normal and unavoidable part of human experience. It is our attempt to control or avoid our own painful experiences that can, at times, lead us to suffering beyond what is necessary. If we can learn ways to let go of the struggle to hold onto the pain, while becoming more present in our daily lives, we get move towards the life we say we want.
(315) 753-4133 View (315) 753-4133
Photo of Insightful Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Liverpool, NY
Insightful Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Liverpool, NY 13090
Accepting New Clients! Welcome to Insightful Therapy! We are a group practice offering flexible scheduling and complementary services for adults and couples. Maybe you're someone who is struggling with important relationships in your life or life transitions. Maybe feeling down or helpless. Perhaps you've been through some difficult times that have left a mark or you feel more on edge in your life lately.
Accepting New Clients! Welcome to Insightful Therapy! We are a group practice offering flexible scheduling and complementary services for adults and couples. Maybe you're someone who is struggling with important relationships in your life or life transitions. Maybe feeling down or helpless. Perhaps you've been through some difficult times that have left a mark or you feel more on edge in your life lately.
(315) 743-5546 View (315) 743-5546

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Liverpool, NY

90+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Liverpool, NY who prioritize treating:

98% Anxiety
91% Depression
81% Coping Skills
80% Relationship Issues
80% Self Esteem
80% Stress
75% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

12 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

83% Aetna
72% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
60% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Liverpool, NY see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

83% Female
16% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Liverpool?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.