Therapists in Homer, NY

Photo of Kelly D Mayer, MS, LMHC, NCC, Counselor
Kelly D Mayer
Counselor, MS, LMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
11 Endorsed
Homer, NY 13077
Relationships are one of the most difficult experiences we bravely engage in as humans. Misunderstandings, inflexible thinking, our own limited ability to engage as well as others limited ability, and trauma, all affect the evolving dynamics of relating to one another. Oh man, it's hard stuff. But we also want and long to be in a relationship. How do we do this simultaneously, avoid and attach? Well, it is a delicate balance and a work of art. I can help you explore the dance of relationships with your partner, family, or children.
Relationships are one of the most difficult experiences we bravely engage in as humans. Misunderstandings, inflexible thinking, our own limited ability to engage as well as others limited ability, and trauma, all affect the evolving dynamics of relating to one another. Oh man, it's hard stuff. But we also want and long to be in a relationship. How do we do this simultaneously, avoid and attach? Well, it is a delicate balance and a work of art. I can help you explore the dance of relationships with your partner, family, or children.
(607) 228-8298 View (607) 228-8298
Maureen A Kiely
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
Homer, NY 13077
Not accepting new clients
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with years of experience in providing counseling to individuals, couples and families. My practice serves adults. A collaborative approach is utilized to address issues including depression, anxiety, family relationships, occupational stress, interpersonal problems and self concept. Trauma treatment including EMDR is available.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with years of experience in providing counseling to individuals, couples and families. My practice serves adults. A collaborative approach is utilized to address issues including depression, anxiety, family relationships, occupational stress, interpersonal problems and self concept. Trauma treatment including EMDR is available.
(607) 643-4029 View (607) 643-4029
Photo of Judy Lynch, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Judy Lynch
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Homer, NY 13077
Not accepting new clients
Taking that first step to reach out for therapy can be a challenge; I understand the struggle. I can offer over 25 years of experience in my field as a licensed social worker/counselor. We will establish goals for your work in therapy and I'll help you find healing, develop coping skills and resolve conflicts. I have worked with adults of all ages, adolescents, and college students struggling to manage depression, anxiety, ADHD, loss, trauma, and stress, as well as relationship concerns and more. I hope you will reach out to arrange a phone call for a consultation.
Taking that first step to reach out for therapy can be a challenge; I understand the struggle. I can offer over 25 years of experience in my field as a licensed social worker/counselor. We will establish goals for your work in therapy and I'll help you find healing, develop coping skills and resolve conflicts. I have worked with adults of all ages, adolescents, and college students struggling to manage depression, anxiety, ADHD, loss, trauma, and stress, as well as relationship concerns and more. I hope you will reach out to arrange a phone call for a consultation.
(607) 233-4474 View (607) 233-4474

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Samantha Ueberroth, LICSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Samantha Ueberroth
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LICSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Cortland, NY 13045  (Online Only)
Accepting New Clients for Individual, Couples & Family Counseling! Accepting BCBS in MA. Samantha Ueberroth is a LCSW in New York and LICSW in MA with Therapy Together, LCSW, PLLC. Samantha has expertise working with adults, millennials, and older adults and is passionate about empowering and supporting her clients in their journey to becoming their most authentic, confident selves. She specializes in working with individuals experiencing anxiety, depression, career difficulties, compassion fatigue, coping with grief and loss, coping with life changes, family conflicts, relationship issues, self-esteem, and stress management.
Accepting New Clients for Individual, Couples & Family Counseling! Accepting BCBS in MA. Samantha Ueberroth is a LCSW in New York and LICSW in MA with Therapy Together, LCSW, PLLC. Samantha has expertise working with adults, millennials, and older adults and is passionate about empowering and supporting her clients in their journey to becoming their most authentic, confident selves. She specializes in working with individuals experiencing anxiety, depression, career difficulties, compassion fatigue, coping with grief and loss, coping with life changes, family conflicts, relationship issues, self-esteem, and stress management.
(680) 213-7904 View (680) 213-7904
Clearwater Counseling Associates
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
Cortland, NY 13045  (Online Only)
Do you find yourself feeling anxious, overwhelmed and replaying the same thoughts in your head over and over again? You don't feel like yourself anymore. The excessive nervousness, fear, worry, procrastination and emotional distress is wearing you down and negatively impacting your life. You want to feel like yourself again, before anxiety set in. I can help you get there.
Do you find yourself feeling anxious, overwhelmed and replaying the same thoughts in your head over and over again? You don't feel like yourself anymore. The excessive nervousness, fear, worry, procrastination and emotional distress is wearing you down and negatively impacting your life. You want to feel like yourself again, before anxiety set in. I can help you get there.
(347) 727-0152 View (347) 727-0152
Photo of Sarah Markowitz, PhD, Psychologist
Sarah Markowitz
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Cortland, NY 13045
Are you seeking evidence-based psychotherapy to help you achieve your goals or manage your symptoms in the most effective way? If you or your child are struggling with your mood, anxiety, trauma, obsessive or unhelpful thinking patterns, chronic pain, or behaviors you wish to change, I or another qualified therapist at MindWell Psychology may be able to help you.
Are you seeking evidence-based psychotherapy to help you achieve your goals or manage your symptoms in the most effective way? If you or your child are struggling with your mood, anxiety, trauma, obsessive or unhelpful thinking patterns, chronic pain, or behaviors you wish to change, I or another qualified therapist at MindWell Psychology may be able to help you.
(607) 260-3100 View (607) 260-3100
Photo of Karen Tranter, MSW, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Karen Tranter
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
Cortland, NY 13045
Not accepting new clients
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 30 years of experience providing psychotherapy and coaching to individuals, couples, families and businesses. Everyone has special strengths to deal with life's challenges, relationship troubles and stressors. Psychotherapy can help with these dilemmas. I believe that a genuine client/therapist relationship is vital for counseling to be effective and meaningful. I will help you feel comfortable by providing a safe, compassionate and nonjudgmental atmosphere. In this way, we will work together to help you make the necessary changes to successfully solve problems, strengthen relationships and improve your quality of life.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with over 30 years of experience providing psychotherapy and coaching to individuals, couples, families and businesses. Everyone has special strengths to deal with life's challenges, relationship troubles and stressors. Psychotherapy can help with these dilemmas. I believe that a genuine client/therapist relationship is vital for counseling to be effective and meaningful. I will help you feel comfortable by providing a safe, compassionate and nonjudgmental atmosphere. In this way, we will work together to help you make the necessary changes to successfully solve problems, strengthen relationships and improve your quality of life.
(607) 545-4606 View (607) 545-4606
Photo of Kristen M Haddad, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kristen M Haddad
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cortland, NY 13045  (Online Only)
My primary therapeutic focus is to help teenagers and adults to develop a stronger sense of self and to develop the coping skills they will need to address issues of anxiety, self esteem and self worth. I use a non-judgmental, trauma informed and holistic approach to help clients develop their ability to self soothe, including using body/movement and grounding techniques. I focus on both personal autonomy and understanding ourselves in relationships, with the goal of moving out of stuck feelings and thoughts to embody a more curious stance of your experiences and the world around you.
My primary therapeutic focus is to help teenagers and adults to develop a stronger sense of self and to develop the coping skills they will need to address issues of anxiety, self esteem and self worth. I use a non-judgmental, trauma informed and holistic approach to help clients develop their ability to self soothe, including using body/movement and grounding techniques. I focus on both personal autonomy and understanding ourselves in relationships, with the goal of moving out of stuck feelings and thoughts to embody a more curious stance of your experiences and the world around you.
(607) 367-6648 View (607) 367-6648
Photo of Melinda McCullough, LCSW-R, MSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Melinda McCullough
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R, MSW
Verified Verified
Cortland, NY 13045
Not accepting new clients
Not accepting clients at this time. A strong connection to your therapist is the cornerstone of good therapy and is more likely to lead towards personal growth and achievement of your life goals. I want you to feel heard, understood and successful in your healing journey. I use an approach that is warm, welcoming and real with my clients. I specialize my work with adults who have experienced relational trauma, depression, anxiety and victims of narcissistic abuse. I am certified in trauma therapies such as TF-CBT, IFS, and Tapping (EFT). I also pull from an eclectic approach of therapies such as CBT, DBT, ACT and family systems.
Not accepting clients at this time. A strong connection to your therapist is the cornerstone of good therapy and is more likely to lead towards personal growth and achievement of your life goals. I want you to feel heard, understood and successful in your healing journey. I use an approach that is warm, welcoming and real with my clients. I specialize my work with adults who have experienced relational trauma, depression, anxiety and victims of narcissistic abuse. I am certified in trauma therapies such as TF-CBT, IFS, and Tapping (EFT). I also pull from an eclectic approach of therapies such as CBT, DBT, ACT and family systems.
Photo of Diana Tillotson, LCSW, PMH-C , CLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Diana Tillotson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, PMH-C , CLC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Cortland, NY 13045  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Therapy can be a transformational process of self-discovery facilitated by deeper levels of awareness and change. I believe we have an inherent ability to heal ourselves, and my primary focus is to honor and trust your experience. Anxiety, depression, trauma, and other life stressors can interfere with living a fulfilling life, causing problems in your life and relationships, and leaving you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, depressed, lost or numb. I believe that therapy should meet the individual where they are within their unique set of circumstances.
Therapy can be a transformational process of self-discovery facilitated by deeper levels of awareness and change. I believe we have an inherent ability to heal ourselves, and my primary focus is to honor and trust your experience. Anxiety, depression, trauma, and other life stressors can interfere with living a fulfilling life, causing problems in your life and relationships, and leaving you feeling overwhelmed, anxious, depressed, lost or numb. I believe that therapy should meet the individual where they are within their unique set of circumstances.
(607) 564-4158 View (607) 564-4158
Photo of Jennifer Eastman, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jennifer Eastman
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Cortland, NY 13045
Waitlist for new clients
Welcome! As we all know, life's emotional challenges can interfere with our ability to maintain a productive and fulfilling life. In my more than 25 years working as a licensed mental health professional in both inpatient and outpatient settings, I have worked with adolescents and adults struggling with many different issues including depression, anxiety, relationship challenges, overwhelming stress and managing the struggles that can come with the myriad of changes that are inevitable throughout our lives (college stress, job pressures, grief and loss, etc.).
Welcome! As we all know, life's emotional challenges can interfere with our ability to maintain a productive and fulfilling life. In my more than 25 years working as a licensed mental health professional in both inpatient and outpatient settings, I have worked with adolescents and adults struggling with many different issues including depression, anxiety, relationship challenges, overwhelming stress and managing the struggles that can come with the myriad of changes that are inevitable throughout our lives (college stress, job pressures, grief and loss, etc.).
(607) 544-6951 View (607) 544-6951
Photo of Barbara Lantz, PhD, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Barbara Lantz
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
Cortland, NY 13045  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
If you're on this website reading therapists' profiles, you or someone you care about are probably wrestling with unpleasant feelings or difficult life circumstances. I can help you figure out what is working in your life, what is not working, what can change, and how to make change. I listen carefully and ask thoughtful questions to explore where you've been, where you are now, and where you need to go next, working through the tough stuff along the way in a spirit of respect and caring.
If you're on this website reading therapists' profiles, you or someone you care about are probably wrestling with unpleasant feelings or difficult life circumstances. I can help you figure out what is working in your life, what is not working, what can change, and how to make change. I listen carefully and ask thoughtful questions to explore where you've been, where you are now, and where you need to go next, working through the tough stuff along the way in a spirit of respect and caring.
(607) 269-4466 View (607) 269-4466
Photo of Carmen Munson, LCSW, BCC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Carmen Munson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCC
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Cortland, NY 13045  (Online Only)
Welcoming teletherapy clients. Have you been feeling stuck, overwhelmed, depressed, anxious or stressed? Let's talk! Reaching out for help is the first step to feeling better. I welcome hearing from you, and I offer a complimentary brief chat.
Welcoming teletherapy clients. Have you been feeling stuck, overwhelmed, depressed, anxious or stressed? Let's talk! Reaching out for help is the first step to feeling better. I welcome hearing from you, and I offer a complimentary brief chat.
(607) 279-3379 View (607) 279-3379
Photo of Mary Kate Lenihan, MA, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Mary Kate Lenihan
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cortland, NY 13045  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Any individual, couple, or family making the decision to embark on therapy has made a brave step toward growth and change. Once rapport and safety is established, giving the self permission to be raw and vulnerable is what I strive for with clients. Feeling safe to explore discomfort and navigating different means of communication is at the heart of my work. The approach of curious exploration and demystification helps the individuals, couples and families that I work with resolve stressors related to anxiety, depression, grief, relational issues, work and academic influences, family dynamics, and LGBTQ issues.
Any individual, couple, or family making the decision to embark on therapy has made a brave step toward growth and change. Once rapport and safety is established, giving the self permission to be raw and vulnerable is what I strive for with clients. Feeling safe to explore discomfort and navigating different means of communication is at the heart of my work. The approach of curious exploration and demystification helps the individuals, couples and families that I work with resolve stressors related to anxiety, depression, grief, relational issues, work and academic influences, family dynamics, and LGBTQ issues.
(855) 286-2210 View (855) 286-2210
Photo of Pourcher Crawley, LMHC, CAASAC, Counselor
Pourcher Crawley
Counselor, LMHC, CAASAC
Verified Verified
12 Endorsed
Cortland, NY 13045  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Currently have waiting list! We often forget we are human. We experience various emotions linked to powerlessness and loss of control. It can be extremely difficult navigating these emotions alone and feeling stuck not knowing what steps to take. Words can become inaccessible but that doesn't last for long. Warm welcome, I'm Pourcher and I'm a Licensed Mental Health Counselor. I'm a Bronx, NY, native with a passion for holding space for others.
Currently have waiting list! We often forget we are human. We experience various emotions linked to powerlessness and loss of control. It can be extremely difficult navigating these emotions alone and feeling stuck not knowing what steps to take. Words can become inaccessible but that doesn't last for long. Warm welcome, I'm Pourcher and I'm a Licensed Mental Health Counselor. I'm a Bronx, NY, native with a passion for holding space for others.
(607) 367-6672 View (607) 367-6672
Photo of undefined - Paul Mikowski, Psychologist PLLC, PsyD, Psychologist
Paul Mikowski, Psychologist PLLC
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Cortland, NY 13045
Not accepting new clients
I believe I can help you feel better if you experience overwhelming stress, sadness, or addictions. I focus on your individual needs and use the techniques that work, including psychotherapy, meditation, or short- term change strategies. You can feel better.
I believe I can help you feel better if you experience overwhelming stress, sadness, or addictions. I focus on your individual needs and use the techniques that work, including psychotherapy, meditation, or short- term change strategies. You can feel better.
(607) 289-2101 View (607) 289-2101
Photo of Ellen Peterson, LCSW, CHT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Ellen Peterson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CHT
Verified Verified
Cortland, NY 13045
Are you ready to live your life fully? I use a variety of approaches to support and empower you to move forward in your life. As a self-help author, I offer services that restore hope and inspire you to move beyond obstacles on your way to a life of unlimited possibilities. As a certified hypnotherapist, I can help you quickly reach the core levels of issues and transform the familiar patterns that sabotage living (i.e. depression, anxiety). My gentle and caring approach will undoubtedly move you into deeper levels of healing and connect you fully with life.
Are you ready to live your life fully? I use a variety of approaches to support and empower you to move forward in your life. As a self-help author, I offer services that restore hope and inspire you to move beyond obstacles on your way to a life of unlimited possibilities. As a certified hypnotherapist, I can help you quickly reach the core levels of issues and transform the familiar patterns that sabotage living (i.e. depression, anxiety). My gentle and caring approach will undoubtedly move you into deeper levels of healing and connect you fully with life.
(607) 208-7836 View (607) 208-7836
Photo of Jacob White, LCSW-R, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jacob White
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Cortland, NY 13045  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
As a licensed clinical social worker, my primary focus is to help you reduce suffering and find greater joy and meaning in your life. With a Master's degree in social work from Hunter College Silberman School of Social Work and a BFA in dramatic performance from the University of Cincinnati College Conservatory of Music, I have spent the past 15 years working with a diverse range of individuals struggling with a variety of mental health issues. I have a particular expertise in treating anxiety, depression, trauma, phobias, substance abuse, creative blocks, and issues related to relationships, gender-identity, and sexuality.
As a licensed clinical social worker, my primary focus is to help you reduce suffering and find greater joy and meaning in your life. With a Master's degree in social work from Hunter College Silberman School of Social Work and a BFA in dramatic performance from the University of Cincinnati College Conservatory of Music, I have spent the past 15 years working with a diverse range of individuals struggling with a variety of mental health issues. I have a particular expertise in treating anxiety, depression, trauma, phobias, substance abuse, creative blocks, and issues related to relationships, gender-identity, and sexuality.
(607) 862-5792 View (607) 862-5792
Mary M Capocefalo
Licensed Master Social Worker, LMSW
Verified Verified
Cortland, NY 13045
The psychiatrist Scott Peck wrote "Life is difficult. ...but once it is accepted, the fact that life is difficult no longer matters." One of the guiding principles of my work is the reality that life presents challenges to all of us. Those challenges often require us to examine views we have held for many years, and work to gain a new perspective. My experience with clients has shown me that for those who seek to grow and learn more about themselves, their relationships, and their lives, there are always answers.
The psychiatrist Scott Peck wrote "Life is difficult. ...but once it is accepted, the fact that life is difficult no longer matters." One of the guiding principles of my work is the reality that life presents challenges to all of us. Those challenges often require us to examine views we have held for many years, and work to gain a new perspective. My experience with clients has shown me that for those who seek to grow and learn more about themselves, their relationships, and their lives, there are always answers.
(315) 679-4838 View (315) 679-4838
Photo of Stacey M McCall, Pre-Licensed Professional
Stacey M McCall
Pre-Licensed Professional
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cortland, NY 13045
My goal is to offer a safe space in therapy to allow for self-exploration and personal growth. Whether you are going through a life change or experiencing depression or anxiety, I will be present for your journey. I have experience with supporting teens, adults, groups and families who come to therapy with a variety of concerns. My background is supporting individuals with severe and persistent mental illnesses. I have a special interest in working with neurodivergent individuals as well as those who have a personality diagnosis. My goal is to provide you with tools to find hope again. Hope to hear from you!
My goal is to offer a safe space in therapy to allow for self-exploration and personal growth. Whether you are going through a life change or experiencing depression or anxiety, I will be present for your journey. I have experience with supporting teens, adults, groups and families who come to therapy with a variety of concerns. My background is supporting individuals with severe and persistent mental illnesses. I have a special interest in working with neurodivergent individuals as well as those who have a personality diagnosis. My goal is to provide you with tools to find hope again. Hope to hear from you!
(607) 638-3442 View (607) 638-3442

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Homer, NY

< 10

Therapists in Homer, NY who prioritize treating:

67% Relationship Issues
67% Depression
67% Anxiety
67% Grief
67% Parenting
67% Other
67% Peer Relationships

Average years in practice

18 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
67% BlueCross and BlueShield
67% Medicare

How Therapists in Homer, NY see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

100% Female
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Homer?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.