Therapists in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY

Photo of Lily Thom, Psychologist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Lily Thom
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist with more than twelve years of experience providing psychotherapy to individuals, couples and groups. I use relational and cognitive-behavioral techniques in therapy and continually integrate evidence-based approaches that meet the needs of each individual. Psychodynamic theory provides me with a humanistic understanding of the basic struggles and conflicts that we all face. I am currently seeing patients both in-person and in video sessions using a secure, HIPPA-compliant telehealth system.
I am a Licensed Clinical Psychologist with more than twelve years of experience providing psychotherapy to individuals, couples and groups. I use relational and cognitive-behavioral techniques in therapy and continually integrate evidence-based approaches that meet the needs of each individual. Psychodynamic theory provides me with a humanistic understanding of the basic struggles and conflicts that we all face. I am currently seeing patients both in-person and in video sessions using a secure, HIPPA-compliant telehealth system.
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Photo of Syma Karine Sambar-Lande, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Syma Karine Sambar-Lande
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201
I work with adults, children, and families. Whether you are enduring some very challenging issues or just need someone to unload your burden, I am here to help. Healing ourselves improves our functioning and restores our relationships. Based on your needs, I use a combination of techniques like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, and Psychodynamic theory. My goal is to meet you where you are, help you feel heard, and support you as you navigate your life’s journey.
I work with adults, children, and families. Whether you are enduring some very challenging issues or just need someone to unload your burden, I am here to help. Healing ourselves improves our functioning and restores our relationships. Based on your needs, I use a combination of techniques like Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Motivational Interviewing, and Psychodynamic theory. My goal is to meet you where you are, help you feel heard, and support you as you navigate your life’s journey.
(929) 368-5421 View (929) 368-5421
Photo of Meg Hudon, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Meg Hudon
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242
The demands of modern life pull children, teens and parents in so many different directions and parents are feeling more pressure than ever to get it right. But what if there is no definitive right way to parent? What if you tell yourself, “I’m a good parent even though my child is struggling right now”? You are a good parent, your child is a good kid, and everyone requires a little extra help sometimes. That's where I come in. I have 10 years of experience providing that extra help to kids and parents who struggle with anxiety, depression, trauma, and socioemotional or behavioral challenges.
The demands of modern life pull children, teens and parents in so many different directions and parents are feeling more pressure than ever to get it right. But what if there is no definitive right way to parent? What if you tell yourself, “I’m a good parent even though my child is struggling right now”? You are a good parent, your child is a good kid, and everyone requires a little extra help sometimes. That's where I come in. I have 10 years of experience providing that extra help to kids and parents who struggle with anxiety, depression, trauma, and socioemotional or behavioral challenges.
(332) 400-3973 View (332) 400-3973
Katherine Estevez
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201  (Online Only)
With an interactive, warm, and accepting approach I have been helping clients find healthy perceptions of themselves. No single approach is the right one for everyone, and so I have been trained in a range of modalities including motivational interviewing, CBT, and REBT.
With an interactive, warm, and accepting approach I have been helping clients find healthy perceptions of themselves. No single approach is the right one for everyone, and so I have been trained in a range of modalities including motivational interviewing, CBT, and REBT.
(929) 447-2199 View (929) 447-2199
Photo of Diana Garofalo in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Diana Garofalo
MSEd, MHC-LP
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201
I offer an authentic therapeutic style that is compassionate, empathic, supportive, and provide individualized approaches to counseling that is collaborative, personalized, and nonjudgmental where you can feel safe to explore and gain deeper insight into your emotions, experiences, feelings, thoughts, and relationships. I blend elements of cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic therapy, strengths-based, and mindfulness strategies to best serve you and your unique interests, needs, and goals as you embark on your therapeutic journey to improving your overall wellbeing.
I offer an authentic therapeutic style that is compassionate, empathic, supportive, and provide individualized approaches to counseling that is collaborative, personalized, and nonjudgmental where you can feel safe to explore and gain deeper insight into your emotions, experiences, feelings, thoughts, and relationships. I blend elements of cognitive-behavioral, psychodynamic therapy, strengths-based, and mindfulness strategies to best serve you and your unique interests, needs, and goals as you embark on your therapeutic journey to improving your overall wellbeing.
(347) 970-5801 View (347) 970-5801
Photo of Marjorie Bresnick, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Marjorie Bresnick, LCSW
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242
Grief and trauma in children or adults can result in strong feelings that disrupt daily life and one's experience of safety. Similarly anxiety and depression may deprive one of the ability to live life with a sense of agency, flexibility, and pleasure. In therapy, I seek to engage you in an ongoing dialogue to discover who you are, what shaped you, and what continues to influence you. Our relationship serves as a vehicle for you to discover your narrative and live a more satisfying life with fulfilling relationships, play, and purpose.
Grief and trauma in children or adults can result in strong feelings that disrupt daily life and one's experience of safety. Similarly anxiety and depression may deprive one of the ability to live life with a sense of agency, flexibility, and pleasure. In therapy, I seek to engage you in an ongoing dialogue to discover who you are, what shaped you, and what continues to influence you. Our relationship serves as a vehicle for you to discover your narrative and live a more satisfying life with fulfilling relationships, play, and purpose.
(718) 407-0784 View (718) 407-0784
Photo of Darragh Sheehan, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Darragh Sheehan
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201
It can be overwhelming searching for a therapist. Being vulnerable with another person can be scary, even if they are a professional. This is why I’m aware that the first step of any healing process is the creation of a safe and caring space for my patients. I work well with people who struggle with overwhelming feelings, such as shame, low self-worth, depression, anxiety, hypersensitivity, emotional dysregulation, and/or have difficulty in their relationships or with intimacy.
It can be overwhelming searching for a therapist. Being vulnerable with another person can be scary, even if they are a professional. This is why I’m aware that the first step of any healing process is the creation of a safe and caring space for my patients. I work well with people who struggle with overwhelming feelings, such as shame, low self-worth, depression, anxiety, hypersensitivity, emotional dysregulation, and/or have difficulty in their relationships or with intimacy.
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Photo of Arthur Knour, Psychologist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Arthur Knour
Psychologist, PhD
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242
If you are having difficulties in your life and experiencing emotional distress it is often difficult to find someone you can talk to openly and obtain guidance from. You may not feel comfortable going to friends or relatives. At such times a compassionate, respectful, knowledgeable therapist can be the person you are seeking. Someone who will listen to you in a non-judgmental way and help you make positive changes in your life. Dr. Knour is knowledgeable, empathic, and very easy to talk to.
If you are having difficulties in your life and experiencing emotional distress it is often difficult to find someone you can talk to openly and obtain guidance from. You may not feel comfortable going to friends or relatives. At such times a compassionate, respectful, knowledgeable therapist can be the person you are seeking. Someone who will listen to you in a non-judgmental way and help you make positive changes in your life. Dr. Knour is knowledgeable, empathic, and very easy to talk to.
(917) 770-4217 View (917) 770-4217
Photo of Liliana Rusansky Drob, Psychologist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Liliana Rusansky Drob
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201
I am confident that my clients can discover their own solutions to the conflicts and anxieties that bring them to therapy. I believe that people want to be heard by a professional who will help them develop new perspectives on themselves and their relationships, and who will assist them in finding creative ways to handle the anguish that daily living involves. I am exploratory and active and make interventions within the context of each person's historical narrative. I provide interventions and referrals when necessary.
I am confident that my clients can discover their own solutions to the conflicts and anxieties that bring them to therapy. I believe that people want to be heard by a professional who will help them develop new perspectives on themselves and their relationships, and who will assist them in finding creative ways to handle the anguish that daily living involves. I am exploratory and active and make interventions within the context of each person's historical narrative. I provide interventions and referrals when necessary.
(646) 663-5941 View (646) 663-5941
Photo of Eliana Samson, Pre-Licensed Professional in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Eliana Samson
Pre-Licensed Professional, MSWi
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242  (Online Only)
Everyone is unique, and I believe therapy should reflect that. I work with you to figure out your strengths, skills, and needs in order to collaboratively find the best therapeutic route for you. I am committed to creating a space where you can safely explore and process your thoughts and feelings.
Everyone is unique, and I believe therapy should reflect that. I work with you to figure out your strengths, skills, and needs in order to collaboratively find the best therapeutic route for you. I am committed to creating a space where you can safely explore and process your thoughts and feelings.
(347) 407-8784 View (347) 407-8784
Photo of Alice MacDonald in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Alice MacDonald
MHC-LP
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242
Have you tried therapy before, but found that it didn't quite work for you? Maybe you stayed with one therapist for too long and never saw the results you were looking for. Or maybe you found that "just talking" about your problems was not moving you toward the change you were hoping to make. If you are hungry for personal growth and willing to work at it, the breakthrough you're seeking is within reach. At Brooklyn Somatic Therapy, we integrate a mindfulness-based, experiential and somatic approach to psychotherapy.
Have you tried therapy before, but found that it didn't quite work for you? Maybe you stayed with one therapist for too long and never saw the results you were looking for. Or maybe you found that "just talking" about your problems was not moving you toward the change you were hoping to make. If you are hungry for personal growth and willing to work at it, the breakthrough you're seeking is within reach. At Brooklyn Somatic Therapy, we integrate a mindfulness-based, experiential and somatic approach to psychotherapy.
(347) 647-6857 View (347) 647-6857
Photo of Sabina Tyrk, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Sabina Tyrk
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242
Things are rarely as bad as they seem when you're anxious, depressed, or when you find yourself in adverse circumstances. Often, a change of perspective can dramatically improve your outlook, increase motivation, curb excessive guilt and build healthy self-regard. By examining negative feelings, behaviors and habits of thought, you can develop insights that bring relief and improve all aspects of your life--love, work and play.
Things are rarely as bad as they seem when you're anxious, depressed, or when you find yourself in adverse circumstances. Often, a change of perspective can dramatically improve your outlook, increase motivation, curb excessive guilt and build healthy self-regard. By examining negative feelings, behaviors and habits of thought, you can develop insights that bring relief and improve all aspects of your life--love, work and play.
(917) 790-0571 View (917) 790-0571
Photo of Eric Stone, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Eric Stone
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSW
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201
Eric has 18 years experience combining Psychotherapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Positive Psychology to young adults and artists in the performing and literary arts. He specializes in the "stuck points" that hinder growth and development. His goal is to guide you through your areas of pain, help you overcome feelings of unworthiness, shame, jealousy, artistic blockages, anxiety, and thrive during times of uncertainty and doubt. Eric appreciates and understands the unique challenges and subtle emotional intricacies of the mind/soul of the artist. Eric works from a collaborative, strengths-based, empowerment modality.
Eric has 18 years experience combining Psychotherapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Positive Psychology to young adults and artists in the performing and literary arts. He specializes in the "stuck points" that hinder growth and development. His goal is to guide you through your areas of pain, help you overcome feelings of unworthiness, shame, jealousy, artistic blockages, anxiety, and thrive during times of uncertainty and doubt. Eric appreciates and understands the unique challenges and subtle emotional intricacies of the mind/soul of the artist. Eric works from a collaborative, strengths-based, empowerment modality.
(917) 920-6818 View (917) 920-6818
Photo of Anne Stern, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Anne Stern
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW-R
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242
Working for two decades with individuals and couples has continually shown me the value of therapy, and I have abundant respect for the courage it takes to seek help. I integrate relational, mindfulness, EFT, IFS and other talk therapy perspectives and, when it feels right for my clients, EMDR and Somatic Experiencing. These latter two modalities address trauma as well as many other areas of life. A certified EMDR consultant, I facilitate trainings and provide individual/group supervision for fellow therapists working with EMDR.
Working for two decades with individuals and couples has continually shown me the value of therapy, and I have abundant respect for the courage it takes to seek help. I integrate relational, mindfulness, EFT, IFS and other talk therapy perspectives and, when it feels right for my clients, EMDR and Somatic Experiencing. These latter two modalities address trauma as well as many other areas of life. A certified EMDR consultant, I facilitate trainings and provide individual/group supervision for fellow therapists working with EMDR.
(917) 563-2373 View (917) 563-2373
Photo of Julia Jacobson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Julia Jacobson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, MSEd, RPT-S
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201
I have over 15 years of experience working with children and families. I have treated children with a variety of issues, including: attention and hyperactivity disorders, autism spectrum disorders, developmental delays, anxiety, oppositional defiant disorders, and other behavioral difficulties. I work with children who have experienced trauma, have attachment difficulties, family disruptions, or adjustment issues. I have experience running social skills groups and am trained in Child-Parent Relationship Therapy. I am a member of the Association for Play Therapy and am a Registered Play Therapist Supervisor.
I have over 15 years of experience working with children and families. I have treated children with a variety of issues, including: attention and hyperactivity disorders, autism spectrum disorders, developmental delays, anxiety, oppositional defiant disorders, and other behavioral difficulties. I work with children who have experienced trauma, have attachment difficulties, family disruptions, or adjustment issues. I have experience running social skills groups and am trained in Child-Parent Relationship Therapy. I am a member of the Association for Play Therapy and am a Registered Play Therapist Supervisor.
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Photo of Jacqueline LaGrassa, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Jacqueline LaGrassa
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stuck? Are you struggling to feel good about yourself or having difficulties with close relationships? Maybe you just want more out of life. Finding support through difficult times can be scary and sometimes our friends and families don't or can't understand. Working with a therapist in order to find support and direction through life's struggles is a brave endeavor. I bring humor and a collaborative spirit to meet you in the moment and help you find solutions.
Are you feeling stuck? Are you struggling to feel good about yourself or having difficulties with close relationships? Maybe you just want more out of life. Finding support through difficult times can be scary and sometimes our friends and families don't or can't understand. Working with a therapist in order to find support and direction through life's struggles is a brave endeavor. I bring humor and a collaborative spirit to meet you in the moment and help you find solutions.
(347) 801-0227 View (347) 801-0227
Photo of Heather Zayde, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Heather Zayde
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242
All people have the capacity to face challenges and respond to difficult times and feelings. If you suffer with ruminations, depression, anxiety, or even that nagging voice that says that you aren't "good enough," I can help you find happiness and peace. I have an integrative style that combines various forms of behavioral therapies, including CBT and ACT. I love helping patients use mindfulness to help create a more balanced and fulfilling life.
All people have the capacity to face challenges and respond to difficult times and feelings. If you suffer with ruminations, depression, anxiety, or even that nagging voice that says that you aren't "good enough," I can help you find happiness and peace. I have an integrative style that combines various forms of behavioral therapies, including CBT and ACT. I love helping patients use mindfulness to help create a more balanced and fulfilling life.
(646) 846-8110 View (646) 846-8110
Photo of Keren Rosenbaum-Cooks, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Keren Rosenbaum-Cooks
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RYT
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242
I’m a queer identified, LGBTQ affirming, integrative therapist and invite you to bring your whole self to therapy. I help clients reduce symptoms and distress, increase resilience and self-confidence and develop fulfilling, meaningful relationships. My work is guided by the belief that within the context of a safe, compassionate therapeutic relationship all people have the capacity to heal and grow.
I’m a queer identified, LGBTQ affirming, integrative therapist and invite you to bring your whole self to therapy. I help clients reduce symptoms and distress, increase resilience and self-confidence and develop fulfilling, meaningful relationships. My work is guided by the belief that within the context of a safe, compassionate therapeutic relationship all people have the capacity to heal and grow.
(646) 863-4871 View (646) 863-4871
Photo of Maria Shedrinsky, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Maria Shedrinsky
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11201
My name is Maria and I am a seasoned LCSW with 7 years of psychotherapy experience. I have expertise in working with clients who are experiencing issues such as anxiety, depression, addiction and issues within their romantic and interpersonal relationships. If you are currently feeling stuck, don't worry! one constant in life is that things will always change.
My name is Maria and I am a seasoned LCSW with 7 years of psychotherapy experience. I have expertise in working with clients who are experiencing issues such as anxiety, depression, addiction and issues within their romantic and interpersonal relationships. If you are currently feeling stuck, don't worry! one constant in life is that things will always change.
(929) 202-7229 View (929) 202-7229
Photo of Dr. Juan B. Pena Ph.D., LCSW in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY
Dr. Juan B. Pena Ph.D., LCSW
PhD, LCSW
Verified Verified
Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY 11242
Finding your way through the rough patches can be difficult. Sometimes we get stuck in the brambles of anxiety, stress, depressed mood, a difficult life transition, or an unhappy relationship. We can feel at a loss for how best to move forward. Having a skilled and compassionate guide can help you avoid dead ends and find your way home. During our time together, I will roll up my sleeves and work to empower you with the tools and support you can use to improve your mood, reduce anxiety, cope with stress, navigate difficult life transitions, and create emotionally intelligent relationships.
Finding your way through the rough patches can be difficult. Sometimes we get stuck in the brambles of anxiety, stress, depressed mood, a difficult life transition, or an unhappy relationship. We can feel at a loss for how best to move forward. Having a skilled and compassionate guide can help you avoid dead ends and find your way home. During our time together, I will roll up my sleeves and work to empower you with the tools and support you can use to improve your mood, reduce anxiety, cope with stress, navigate difficult life transitions, and create emotionally intelligent relationships.
(347) 652-2363 View (347) 652-2363

See more therapy options for Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY

1,000+

Average cost per session

$200

Therapists in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY who prioritize treating:

95% Anxiety
91% Depression
86% Relationship Issues
82% Self Esteem
73% Trauma and PTSD
68% Stress
67% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

81% Aetna
67% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
62% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn, NY see their clients

58% In Person and Online
42% Online Only

Gender breakdown

81% Female
17% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.