Therapists in Dona Ana County, NM

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Photo of Jessica Gassdorf - Nexus Counseling Center, LMHC, Counselor
Nexus Counseling Center
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88005  (Online Only)
Hello, my name is Jessica Gassdorf. I have been a licensed mental health counselor in NM since 2020. Choosing a counselor can be difficult and looking at making change can be an intimidating process, especially in the beginning. My goal is to try to provide a safe and non-judgmental space for your journey to a better and healthier you. Everyone's process is different, and every individual is different which is why I work to take a person-centered and integrative approach with each client.
Hello, my name is Jessica Gassdorf. I have been a licensed mental health counselor in NM since 2020. Choosing a counselor can be difficult and looking at making change can be an intimidating process, especially in the beginning. My goal is to try to provide a safe and non-judgmental space for your journey to a better and healthier you. Everyone's process is different, and every individual is different which is why I work to take a person-centered and integrative approach with each client.
(575) 218-7797 View (575) 218-7797
Photo of Holly S. Paz, MS, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Holly S. Paz
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88011  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Are you plagued by anxiety, burdened by a sense of defeat, or feeling stuck in despair? Are there problems in your relationships that seem insurmountable? You are not alone in your suffering, and your story isn’t over. I am here to walk alongside you and your family to support healing and growth. Together, we will work to recognize and navigate unhelpful patterns of being, so your needs can be met in healthy ways, and you experience joy in meaningful connections with others.
Are you plagued by anxiety, burdened by a sense of defeat, or feeling stuck in despair? Are there problems in your relationships that seem insurmountable? You are not alone in your suffering, and your story isn’t over. I am here to walk alongside you and your family to support healing and growth. Together, we will work to recognize and navigate unhelpful patterns of being, so your needs can be met in healthy ways, and you experience joy in meaningful connections with others.
(575) 223-1749 View (575) 223-1749
Photo of Diane Ferrales, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Diane Ferrales
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88001
I enjoy working with people from all walks of life. Listening to each individual's unique life story and what they feel is important to them is why I enjoy counseling so much. I want to help you attain your goals and we'll go on that journey together. Change can be difficult, but it'll be well worth it once you begin to see the rewards of all the hard work you've accomplished. Contact me and we'll take that journey together.
I enjoy working with people from all walks of life. Listening to each individual's unique life story and what they feel is important to them is why I enjoy counseling so much. I want to help you attain your goals and we'll go on that journey together. Change can be difficult, but it'll be well worth it once you begin to see the rewards of all the hard work you've accomplished. Contact me and we'll take that journey together.
(575) 642-7390 View (575) 642-7390
Photo of Megan Goepfert, LCSW, RPT, IMH-E, RYT, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Megan Goepfert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, RPT, IMH-E, RYT
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88011
I have devoted my career to helping children, adolescents, and adult women. I have extensive training in complex trauma, attachment, women’s issues, play therapy, and parenting. I am endorsed in Infant Mental Health, and I am a Registered Play Therapist. I value the importance of the therapeutic relationship above all else and strive to always establish safety and benevolence. My treatment is aimed at helping clients better understand and accept themselves so they feel empowered to manage adversity.
I have devoted my career to helping children, adolescents, and adult women. I have extensive training in complex trauma, attachment, women’s issues, play therapy, and parenting. I am endorsed in Infant Mental Health, and I am a Registered Play Therapist. I value the importance of the therapeutic relationship above all else and strive to always establish safety and benevolence. My treatment is aimed at helping clients better understand and accept themselves so they feel empowered to manage adversity.
(575) 222-8447 View (575) 222-8447
Photo of Joe D Terrazas - Hope for Healing Counseling Services, MA, LPCC, Counselor
Hope for Healing Counseling Services
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88001  (Online Only)
Hope for Healing provides just that. It is important to start with giving hope when it may be lost, and provide hope as a starting point for the healing process. We believe hope is the catalyst for the healing that will come, and is a must to achieve success.
Hope for Healing provides just that. It is important to start with giving hope when it may be lost, and provide hope as a starting point for the healing process. We believe hope is the catalyst for the healing that will come, and is a must to achieve success.
(575) 339-1763 View (575) 339-1763
Photo of Open Access Video Counseling, LPCC, LMFT, Counselor
Open Access Video Counseling
Counselor, LPCC, LMFT
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88001  (Online Only)
I commonly see people with concerns such as depression, anxiety, trauma, addiction, and grief. In session, we will look at what you are hoping to get from the counseling experience and collaboratively discover what will work for your situation, which may involve getting unstuck from emotional and/or behavioral issues. My orientation includes considering our relationships to life. We will take into account relational factors, which may include environments, people, culture, expectations and roles. The therapy process may assist you in gaining a deeper understanding of your values and skills, toward transformative change.
I commonly see people with concerns such as depression, anxiety, trauma, addiction, and grief. In session, we will look at what you are hoping to get from the counseling experience and collaboratively discover what will work for your situation, which may involve getting unstuck from emotional and/or behavioral issues. My orientation includes considering our relationships to life. We will take into account relational factors, which may include environments, people, culture, expectations and roles. The therapy process may assist you in gaining a deeper understanding of your values and skills, toward transformative change.
(575) 222-8651 View (575) 222-8651
Photo of Felipe Guzman, MA, LPCC, Counselor
Felipe Guzman
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88001
Every human being experiences serious, elevated and/or inflamed negative emotionality brought on by unfortunate circumstances, other family members, friends, a co-worker or even a stranger, at some point in their lives. Feelings of anxiety, depression, uncontrolled anger, worry, loneliness, etc., can keep you from easily stepping forward towards experiencing a successful life full of joy, calm, peace and tranquility. It is rare to have this type of emotional stability 100% of the time, but it is easy to experience this serene and soothing overall manner of being most of the time :)
Every human being experiences serious, elevated and/or inflamed negative emotionality brought on by unfortunate circumstances, other family members, friends, a co-worker or even a stranger, at some point in their lives. Feelings of anxiety, depression, uncontrolled anger, worry, loneliness, etc., can keep you from easily stepping forward towards experiencing a successful life full of joy, calm, peace and tranquility. It is rare to have this type of emotional stability 100% of the time, but it is easy to experience this serene and soothing overall manner of being most of the time :)
(575) 209-2746 View (575) 209-2746
Photo of Alma De La O - Casa De Mi Alma, MSSA, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Casa De Mi Alma
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSSA, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88005
Waitlist for new clients
Hello! My name is Alma and I am honored to introduce my growing practice to you. Casa De Mi Alma (House of my Soul) is a holistic center with a team of therapists who offer various modalities to select from; creating a multi-faceted approach to best fit your needs and better serve wellness in our community. We believe addressing the connection of the mind-body-spirit is the best way to achieve ultimate balance in life. The focal point of the center is to offer services that encourage obtaining this balance. Those receiving services will have treatment plans created to serve their personal life advancement and wellness goals.
Hello! My name is Alma and I am honored to introduce my growing practice to you. Casa De Mi Alma (House of my Soul) is a holistic center with a team of therapists who offer various modalities to select from; creating a multi-faceted approach to best fit your needs and better serve wellness in our community. We believe addressing the connection of the mind-body-spirit is the best way to achieve ultimate balance in life. The focal point of the center is to offer services that encourage obtaining this balance. Those receiving services will have treatment plans created to serve their personal life advancement and wellness goals.
(575) 376-6276 View (575) 376-6276
Photo of Crystal Forbes, MA, LPCC, Counselor
Crystal Forbes
Counselor, MA, LPCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88001  (Online Only)
Accepting new clients. As a mental health counselor, I specialize in trauma. I've worked with within the clinical settings of: mental health hospitals, school and career counseling, community care & mental health clinics and crisis intervention counseling. With much of my experience treating individuals for anxiety, depression, trauma/complex trauma, additions, stress management, grief, and Bipolar disorder. I’ve been trained in and educated in trauma informed care, multicultural care and treatment. I’m only the guide in this therapeutic journey but will be with you and support you every step of the way.
Accepting new clients. As a mental health counselor, I specialize in trauma. I've worked with within the clinical settings of: mental health hospitals, school and career counseling, community care & mental health clinics and crisis intervention counseling. With much of my experience treating individuals for anxiety, depression, trauma/complex trauma, additions, stress management, grief, and Bipolar disorder. I’ve been trained in and educated in trauma informed care, multicultural care and treatment. I’m only the guide in this therapeutic journey but will be with you and support you every step of the way.
(505) 295-6041 View (505) 295-6041
Photo of Miriam Livingston - Healing Path Counseling, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Healing Path Counseling
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88005  (Online Only)
Life is hard and many times we aren’t taught how to navigate this human experience. Without the knowledge of how to process and manage emotions, connect with others, handle conflict, and love and believe in ourselves, among other things, we are left to roam with limited direction. This is exacerbated by experiences in which we were invalidated, dehumanized, abused, and neglected. As a result, we may experience persistent emotional pain, disconnect, and lack of confidence impacting our daily lives, relationships, sense of self, and work.
Life is hard and many times we aren’t taught how to navigate this human experience. Without the knowledge of how to process and manage emotions, connect with others, handle conflict, and love and believe in ourselves, among other things, we are left to roam with limited direction. This is exacerbated by experiences in which we were invalidated, dehumanized, abused, and neglected. As a result, we may experience persistent emotional pain, disconnect, and lack of confidence impacting our daily lives, relationships, sense of self, and work.
(575) 468-4215 View (575) 468-4215
Photo of Rita Narr, LPCC, Counselor
Rita Narr
Counselor, LPCC
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88001
"Once an experience is fully in awareness, fully accepted, then it can be coped with effectively, like any other clear reality." Carl R. Rogers, On Becoming a Person: A Therapist's View of Psychotherapy. Carl Rogers is one of multiple theorists therapists learn about during graduate school. His theory is strongly driven by respect for each human being and their capacity to grow given the right therapeutic environment. During our sessions I strive to provide the optimal therapeutic environment for your growth, self exploration, and self acceptance.
"Once an experience is fully in awareness, fully accepted, then it can be coped with effectively, like any other clear reality." Carl R. Rogers, On Becoming a Person: A Therapist's View of Psychotherapy. Carl Rogers is one of multiple theorists therapists learn about during graduate school. His theory is strongly driven by respect for each human being and their capacity to grow given the right therapeutic environment. During our sessions I strive to provide the optimal therapeutic environment for your growth, self exploration, and self acceptance.
(575) 318-2556 View (575) 318-2556
Photo of Dr. Richard T. Parrott, PhD, LCSW-S, EIN, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Dr. Richard T. Parrott
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, PhD, LCSW-S, EIN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88012
My theoretical framework is Relational Psychoanalytic Therapy which focuses on assimilating cognitive insight and emotional attachment. Relational analysis focuses on the elements of chronic trauma (CPTSD, anxiety, depression) between feelings, thoughts and behavior while examining the elements of rupture and psychological injury related to developmental derailments & toxic shame. I have extensive training in psychoanalytic therapy. I am licensed in the states of New Mexico, Maine, & Texas.
My theoretical framework is Relational Psychoanalytic Therapy which focuses on assimilating cognitive insight and emotional attachment. Relational analysis focuses on the elements of chronic trauma (CPTSD, anxiety, depression) between feelings, thoughts and behavior while examining the elements of rupture and psychological injury related to developmental derailments & toxic shame. I have extensive training in psychoanalytic therapy. I am licensed in the states of New Mexico, Maine, & Texas.
(575) 209-4255 View (575) 209-4255
Photo of Cynthia Ordonez-Branco - Evolvement Behavioral Health - Cynthia Ordonez, MS, LMFT, LADAC, Marriage & Family Therapist
Evolvement Behavioral Health - Cynthia Ordonez
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, LADAC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88005
I enjoy working with clients that want to work on things. I am very honest yet compassionate and caring. I like to help clients look at their puzzle pieces and figure them out. I am not the expert in your life, you are. I am here to help you figure things out. I have worked with trauma, sexual abuse, substance abuse, and family issues. I enjoy working with teens, individuals, couples and families. I work from a family systems perspective so I believe working on the family is important. I use the modality that best suits the client which may include inner child work, mindfulness, processing trauma, and relapse prevention.
I enjoy working with clients that want to work on things. I am very honest yet compassionate and caring. I like to help clients look at their puzzle pieces and figure them out. I am not the expert in your life, you are. I am here to help you figure things out. I have worked with trauma, sexual abuse, substance abuse, and family issues. I enjoy working with teens, individuals, couples and families. I work from a family systems perspective so I believe working on the family is important. I use the modality that best suits the client which may include inner child work, mindfulness, processing trauma, and relapse prevention.
(575) 209-4269 View (575) 209-4269
Photo of Leasette Hernandez, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Leasette Hernandez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88005
As a trauma-informed therapist, I specialize in working with individuals aged 14 and above, offering a sanctuary where you can explore the complexities of your life without fear or judgment. Believe it or not, I have a passion for working with trauma. Together, we'll unravel its threads, connecting past experiences with present challenges and rewriting the narratives that hold you back.
As a trauma-informed therapist, I specialize in working with individuals aged 14 and above, offering a sanctuary where you can explore the complexities of your life without fear or judgment. Believe it or not, I have a passion for working with trauma. Together, we'll unravel its threads, connecting past experiences with present challenges and rewriting the narratives that hold you back.
(575) 255-1593 View (575) 255-1593
Photo of Hannah Holcomb, LMHC, R-DMT, Counselor
Hannah Holcomb
Counselor, LMHC, R-DMT
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88001
Hannah is a trauma informed, somatic, dance/movement therapist who specializes with children from birth to late teens and family systems. She has over seven years of experience working alongside dance/movement therapist, cultivating healing for children in Atlanta, Colorado and now proudly serves the community in Las Cruces, New Mexico. Hannah's work is inspired by the Neurosequential Model of Therapeutics, Synergetic Play Therapy, Attachment Theory, Body-Based Psychotherapy and Flower Essence Therapy. Come as you are, I'll meet you there.
Hannah is a trauma informed, somatic, dance/movement therapist who specializes with children from birth to late teens and family systems. She has over seven years of experience working alongside dance/movement therapist, cultivating healing for children in Atlanta, Colorado and now proudly serves the community in Las Cruces, New Mexico. Hannah's work is inspired by the Neurosequential Model of Therapeutics, Synergetic Play Therapy, Attachment Theory, Body-Based Psychotherapy and Flower Essence Therapy. Come as you are, I'll meet you there.
(575) 900-7464 View (575) 900-7464
Photo of Aurora Tomberlin - Nexus Counseling Center, LMHC, Counselor
Nexus Counseling Center
Counselor, LMHC
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88005
Hello, my name is Aurora Tomberlin LMHC. My goal whenever I work with you is for you to feel listened to, valued, and heard. Sitting in the room with anyone is an honor and a privilege as they take the courageous step towards therapeutic treatment. If you find yourself constantly overworked, stressed, burnt out, struggling to say no to others, and/or having difficulties separating your self-worth from your accomplishments, we might be a good fit. I have experience in numerous clinical settings including inpatient, school counseling, and outpatient settings.
Hello, my name is Aurora Tomberlin LMHC. My goal whenever I work with you is for you to feel listened to, valued, and heard. Sitting in the room with anyone is an honor and a privilege as they take the courageous step towards therapeutic treatment. If you find yourself constantly overworked, stressed, burnt out, struggling to say no to others, and/or having difficulties separating your self-worth from your accomplishments, we might be a good fit. I have experience in numerous clinical settings including inpatient, school counseling, and outpatient settings.
(575) 448-8013 View (575) 448-8013
Photo of Monique Nuncio Rodriguez, LCSW, LSAA, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Monique Nuncio Rodriguez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LSAA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88001
Not accepting new clients
I partner with adult clients who are motivated to make changes to their lives in positive ways. I serve clients struggling with: anxiety, depression, on-going suicidality, nightmares, anger, hypervigilance, flashbacks, hallucinations (both auditory and visual), delusions, dissociation, struggling to manage emotions, and/or acting impulsively. I also work with clients struggling with substance abuse including alcohol, methamphetamines, and/or opioids. I have extensive experience in working with the military/ veteran population in combat, sexual, and/ or gender harassment experiences resulting in trauma.
I partner with adult clients who are motivated to make changes to their lives in positive ways. I serve clients struggling with: anxiety, depression, on-going suicidality, nightmares, anger, hypervigilance, flashbacks, hallucinations (both auditory and visual), delusions, dissociation, struggling to manage emotions, and/or acting impulsively. I also work with clients struggling with substance abuse including alcohol, methamphetamines, and/or opioids. I have extensive experience in working with the military/ veteran population in combat, sexual, and/ or gender harassment experiences resulting in trauma.
(575) 237-8121 View (575) 237-8121
Photo of Isabelle Dominguez, LPC, Counselor
Isabelle Dominguez
Counselor, LPC
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88001  (Online Only)
Are you or someone you know entangled within the criminal justice system facing mental distress or behavioral issues? Do you struggle with anxiety, depression, trauma, or addiction and need empathetic counseling, crisis intervention, and personalized treatment plans? Get support and achieve emotional stability, improved coping skills, and successfully reintegrate with society through understanding, effective therapeutic interventions, and counseling to navigate your unique challenges and foster personal growth.
Are you or someone you know entangled within the criminal justice system facing mental distress or behavioral issues? Do you struggle with anxiety, depression, trauma, or addiction and need empathetic counseling, crisis intervention, and personalized treatment plans? Get support and achieve emotional stability, improved coping skills, and successfully reintegrate with society through understanding, effective therapeutic interventions, and counseling to navigate your unique challenges and foster personal growth.
(575) 254-2873 View (575) 254-2873
Photo of Linda Lopez, LMFT, Marriage & Family Therapist
Linda Lopez
Marriage & Family Therapist, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88005
My experience includes working with people of all ages. I have worked with individuals who have experienced trauma, abuse, depression, and anxiety. I also have helped couples navigate communication issues, infidelities, and decision-making.
My experience includes working with people of all ages. I have worked with individuals who have experienced trauma, abuse, depression, and anxiety. I also have helped couples navigate communication issues, infidelities, and decision-making.
(575) 376-6454 View (575) 376-6454
Photo of Janet E Trebs-Ingram, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Janet E Trebs-Ingram
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Las Cruces, NM 88001  (Online Only)
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker providing telehealth therapy services in Texas and New Mexico. I have over 12 years of experience in the mental health field between Southern New Mexico and San Antonio, TX. I have provided both in home and telehealth therapy since 2014 and exclusively telehealth since March 2020. I currently only provide telehealth services.
I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker providing telehealth therapy services in Texas and New Mexico. I have over 12 years of experience in the mental health field between Southern New Mexico and San Antonio, TX. I have provided both in home and telehealth therapy since 2014 and exclusively telehealth since March 2020. I currently only provide telehealth services.
(210) 791-6263 View (210) 791-6263
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How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Dona Ana County, NM

100+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Dona Ana County, NM who prioritize treating:

90% Anxiety
88% Depression
79% Self Esteem
78% Trauma and PTSD
71% Relationship Issues
70% Stress
66% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

89% BlueCross and BlueShield
77% Presbyterian
73% Medicaid

How Therapists in Dona Ana County, NM see their clients

59% In Person and Online
41% Online Only

Gender breakdown

74% Female
24% Male
2% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Dona Ana County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.