Therapists in Waldwick, NJ

Photo of Jennifer Kunert, Licensed Professional Counselor in Waldwick, NJ
Jennifer Kunert
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, ACS
Verified
2 Endorsed
Waldwick, NJ 07463
I am a licensed professional counselor, because I believe everyone has the ability to make a change and create a set of coping strategies to overcome life's many challenges. Acceptance, encouragement, and solution integration are the main objectives of my sessions. During my years of experience in practice, my areas of specialization include working with individuals and families struggling with Anxiety Disorders, Mood Disorders, Gender Identity, and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
I am a licensed professional counselor, because I believe everyone has the ability to make a change and create a set of coping strategies to overcome life's many challenges. Acceptance, encouragement, and solution integration are the main objectives of my sessions. During my years of experience in practice, my areas of specialization include working with individuals and families struggling with Anxiety Disorders, Mood Disorders, Gender Identity, and Autism Spectrum Disorder.
(201) 957-7994 View (201) 957-7994
Photo of Catherine F Hartmann, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Catherine F Hartmann
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
Not accepting new clients
Thank you for visiting my profile! I work with individuals struggling with depression, anxiety (including health anxiety/hypochondria), bipolar disorder, and psychotic disorders.
Thank you for visiting my profile! I work with individuals struggling with depression, anxiety (including health anxiety/hypochondria), bipolar disorder, and psychotic disorders.
(551) 465-9317 View (551) 465-9317
Photo of The Koch Center, Psychologist in Waldwick, NJ
The Koch Center
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
The Koch Center (located in Montclair, Waldwick, Morristown, & Englewood) specializes in Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Therapy and Programs for Adults, Adolescents, Middle Schoolers, and Families. Our Intensive DBT Programs offer an opportunity to receive extensive support and expert treatment in an outpatient setting. We treat the full range of psychological issues (including Mood Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, Impulse Control Disorders, Eating Disorders, Trauma, Relationship Problems, Personality Disorders). We have a Trauma Program for adults. We also offer individual therapy from varying theoretical orientations.
The Koch Center (located in Montclair, Waldwick, Morristown, & Englewood) specializes in Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) Therapy and Programs for Adults, Adolescents, Middle Schoolers, and Families. Our Intensive DBT Programs offer an opportunity to receive extensive support and expert treatment in an outpatient setting. We treat the full range of psychological issues (including Mood Disorders, Anxiety Disorders, Impulse Control Disorders, Eating Disorders, Trauma, Relationship Problems, Personality Disorders). We have a Trauma Program for adults. We also offer individual therapy from varying theoretical orientations.
(201) 730-1280 View (201) 730-1280
Photo of Jolene Arasz, Psychologist in Waldwick, NJ
Jolene Arasz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
Dr. Jolene Arasz is an adolescent and family licensed psychologist with extensive experience working with adolescents, adults and families. Author of the book, Why On Earth Do I Feel This Way: Understanding anxiety and mental health through control theory, Dr. Arasz incorporates her own theory with a neuropsychological perspective to educate and treat her clients' array of mental health issues. Dr. Arasz consults with schools, providing mental health education to students (K-college), teachers and parents. She brings science to her practice, resulting in immediate and sustainable mental health management.
Dr. Jolene Arasz is an adolescent and family licensed psychologist with extensive experience working with adolescents, adults and families. Author of the book, Why On Earth Do I Feel This Way: Understanding anxiety and mental health through control theory, Dr. Arasz incorporates her own theory with a neuropsychological perspective to educate and treat her clients' array of mental health issues. Dr. Arasz consults with schools, providing mental health education to students (K-college), teachers and parents. She brings science to her practice, resulting in immediate and sustainable mental health management.
(781) 780-8296 View (781) 780-8296
Photo of Nancy Saxton-Lopez, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Nancy Saxton-Lopez
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, DCSW
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
If you are curious, contemplative, reflective, and interested in learning why you do what you do I'm your therapist. I'll be your catalyst to explore your inner most thoughts, feelings and desires. When you understand yourself you can make informed decisions and choices that will propel you towards your goals. We are complicated souls that live in a complex world. Let me help you streamline the process to fulfill your life.
If you are curious, contemplative, reflective, and interested in learning why you do what you do I'm your therapist. I'll be your catalyst to explore your inner most thoughts, feelings and desires. When you understand yourself you can make informed decisions and choices that will propel you towards your goals. We are complicated souls that live in a complex world. Let me help you streamline the process to fulfill your life.
(551) 210-8694 View (551) 210-8694
Photo of Dena Felsen, Psychologist in Waldwick, NJ
Dena Felsen
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
Dr Dena Felsen is a highly experienced licensed Clinical Psychologist. She received her Bachelors and Masters degree from Columbia University and her doctorate from Yeshiva University. Dr. Felsen completed her pre and postdoctoral training at St. lukes Roosevelt Hopsital, Lenox Hill Hospital and Beth Israel Medical Center. She has extensive specialty training in Womens health, Depression and Eating Disorders. She served as Director of a Day Treatment Program and worked extensively in the field of Eating Disorders. Dr. Felsen works closely with referring physicians and nutritionists to help individuals establish a proper level of care and treatment plan.
Dr Dena Felsen is a highly experienced licensed Clinical Psychologist. She received her Bachelors and Masters degree from Columbia University and her doctorate from Yeshiva University. Dr. Felsen completed her pre and postdoctoral training at St. lukes Roosevelt Hopsital, Lenox Hill Hospital and Beth Israel Medical Center. She has extensive specialty training in Womens health, Depression and Eating Disorders. She served as Director of a Day Treatment Program and worked extensively in the field of Eating Disorders. Dr. Felsen works closely with referring physicians and nutritionists to help individuals establish a proper level of care and treatment plan.
(201) 875-1031 x1 View (201) 875-1031 x1
Photo of Marian Couceiro, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Marian Couceiro
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Waldwick, NJ 07463  (Online Only)
Hi! I work with individuals struggling with anxiety, creating healthy boundaries, communicating needs, and building confidence within themselves. Is your inner voice creating self-doubt and you feel out of control at times or like nothing is helping? Do you find yourself worrying about everyday decisions? Are you seeking support for fertility, loss/grief or adjusting to parenthood. Are social interactions take a lot of energy, and you second guess every word you said. Do you find yourself playing back every conversation or avoiding people and places you once enjoyed? Are you feeling anxious and overwhelmed?
Hi! I work with individuals struggling with anxiety, creating healthy boundaries, communicating needs, and building confidence within themselves. Is your inner voice creating self-doubt and you feel out of control at times or like nothing is helping? Do you find yourself worrying about everyday decisions? Are you seeking support for fertility, loss/grief or adjusting to parenthood. Are social interactions take a lot of energy, and you second guess every word you said. Do you find yourself playing back every conversation or avoiding people and places you once enjoyed? Are you feeling anxious and overwhelmed?
(551) 272-7999 View (551) 272-7999
Photo of Shihwe Wang, Psychologist in Waldwick, NJ
Shihwe Wang
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
2 Endorsed
Waldwick, NJ 07463
Is there tension, conflict, or lack of connection in your close relationships? Do you feel like your partner or family member doesn’t care enough about you? Does your partner or family member think that you don’t care enough about them? Do you want to feel a closer bond to your loved one(s)? Do you want to feel like you are on the same team when facing life’s difficulties or challenges? Or, are you seeking individual therapy because you are stressed, anxious, or unhappy in your life? Are you confused or stuck, and not sure how to go about improving your quality of life?
Is there tension, conflict, or lack of connection in your close relationships? Do you feel like your partner or family member doesn’t care enough about you? Does your partner or family member think that you don’t care enough about them? Do you want to feel a closer bond to your loved one(s)? Do you want to feel like you are on the same team when facing life’s difficulties or challenges? Or, are you seeking individual therapy because you are stressed, anxious, or unhappy in your life? Are you confused or stuck, and not sure how to go about improving your quality of life?
(551) 239-8440 View (551) 239-8440
Isabel De Master
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
It is often quite difficult to make that first phone call requesting therapy. Usually that call is precipitated by the realization that possibly, " I don't have to face my difficulties alone" and "just maybe, I can feel better sooner with some help". I always make an effort to help clients feel at ease and to clarify their needs. I work towards enabling clients to experience their strengths as they address their difficulties.
It is often quite difficult to make that first phone call requesting therapy. Usually that call is precipitated by the realization that possibly, " I don't have to face my difficulties alone" and "just maybe, I can feel better sooner with some help". I always make an effort to help clients feel at ease and to clarify their needs. I work towards enabling clients to experience their strengths as they address their difficulties.
(201) 627-9147 View (201) 627-9147
Photo of Edlira Gora, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Edlira Gora
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Waldwick, NJ 07463  (Online Only)
Edlira is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with many years of experience in working with a variety of client populations in several different treatment settings. Edlira has worked in a variety of mental health settings, including Partial hospitalization Programs (PHP), crisis intervention, group therapy, and community-based settings. She has experience working with children, families and adults using a variety of therapeutic modalities and interventions and tailors her approach to meet the needs of her clients. Edlira is a graduate of Rutgers University with a Master’s degree in Social Work.
Edlira is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker with many years of experience in working with a variety of client populations in several different treatment settings. Edlira has worked in a variety of mental health settings, including Partial hospitalization Programs (PHP), crisis intervention, group therapy, and community-based settings. She has experience working with children, families and adults using a variety of therapeutic modalities and interventions and tailors her approach to meet the needs of her clients. Edlira is a graduate of Rutgers University with a Master’s degree in Social Work.
(551) 231-1550 View (551) 231-1550
Photo of Carley Aroldi, Licensed Professional Counselor in Waldwick, NJ
Carley Aroldi
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, IMH-E, MA
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
I am a clinical play therapist specializing in supporting young children and their families. I help overwhelmed parents create more calm, connection and cooperation in their homes using mindful parenting practices and brain based play therapy techniques. When YOU understand how to help your kid cope with big feelings and tough moments, everybody wins. Raising a resilient kid takes understanding, skill and SUPPORT. Let me help you become the parent your kid needs and deserves.
I am a clinical play therapist specializing in supporting young children and their families. I help overwhelmed parents create more calm, connection and cooperation in their homes using mindful parenting practices and brain based play therapy techniques. When YOU understand how to help your kid cope with big feelings and tough moments, everybody wins. Raising a resilient kid takes understanding, skill and SUPPORT. Let me help you become the parent your kid needs and deserves.
(646) 791-2847 View (646) 791-2847
Photo of Elisabeth Curshen, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Elisabeth Curshen
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
When uncomfortable feelings like anxiety, sadness, loneliness, anger, shame, guilt, or confusion overwhelm us, we often try to make them disappear or ignore them. This might work temporarily, but often those feelings come back and keep us from solving problems, improving our situation and moving forward.
When uncomfortable feelings like anxiety, sadness, loneliness, anger, shame, guilt, or confusion overwhelm us, we often try to make them disappear or ignore them. This might work temporarily, but often those feelings come back and keep us from solving problems, improving our situation and moving forward.
(551) 224-0149 View (551) 224-0149
Photo of Jasmen Mantashian, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Jasmen Mantashian
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LCADC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Waldwick, NJ 07463
We often hear that healing and growth is not linear. Working on ourselves and our relationships is an ongoing process with its ups and downs. Just when we think we're out of the woods, life reminds us of its unpredictability. If life is consistently inconsistent, how can we best adjust, work towards acceptance, and reduce our suffering? Our willingness to work towards self improvement can shift like the wind and when our motivation and energy dwindles, so does our trust in ourselves and those around us. As fear, anxiety, sadness, and even hopelessness settles in, tackling simple tasks seems unattainable.
We often hear that healing and growth is not linear. Working on ourselves and our relationships is an ongoing process with its ups and downs. Just when we think we're out of the woods, life reminds us of its unpredictability. If life is consistently inconsistent, how can we best adjust, work towards acceptance, and reduce our suffering? Our willingness to work towards self improvement can shift like the wind and when our motivation and energy dwindles, so does our trust in ourselves and those around us. As fear, anxiety, sadness, and even hopelessness settles in, tackling simple tasks seems unattainable.
(201) 584-8017 View (201) 584-8017
Photo of Judith Sharon Halle, Psychologist in Waldwick, NJ
Judith Sharon Halle
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
Are you struggling with important relationships in your life, whether with a spouse, a parent, a friend, a coworker? We operate in a world filled with interpersonal interactions. Our earliest relationships teach us how to relate to others. However, at times, how we learn to relate during our formative years does not promote success in current relationships. I view therapy as a wonderful opportunity to examine how we relate to others and consider how to make changes in order to be more effective and have more satisfying relationships.
Are you struggling with important relationships in your life, whether with a spouse, a parent, a friend, a coworker? We operate in a world filled with interpersonal interactions. Our earliest relationships teach us how to relate to others. However, at times, how we learn to relate during our formative years does not promote success in current relationships. I view therapy as a wonderful opportunity to examine how we relate to others and consider how to make changes in order to be more effective and have more satisfying relationships.
(201) 423-6333 View (201) 423-6333
Photo of Nancy Dykstra-Powers, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Nancy Dykstra-Powers
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Waldwick, NJ 07463
I consider it a privilege to be a part of your journey. Being in a genuine caring therapeutic relationship can be the catalyst for change. My goal is to provide you with a safe space where you can develop to your full potential and explore blocks standing in your way. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression or other issues, I strive to be a healing influence in your journey. For those seeking Marriage or Couples Therapy, we will work to repair broken bonds. We get to the heart of the issue, which is our emotional connection to the one we love. I have studied under world renown Dr. Sue Johnson.
I consider it a privilege to be a part of your journey. Being in a genuine caring therapeutic relationship can be the catalyst for change. My goal is to provide you with a safe space where you can develop to your full potential and explore blocks standing in your way. Whether you struggle with anxiety, depression or other issues, I strive to be a healing influence in your journey. For those seeking Marriage or Couples Therapy, we will work to repair broken bonds. We get to the heart of the issue, which is our emotional connection to the one we love. I have studied under world renown Dr. Sue Johnson.
(201) 393-2628 View (201) 393-2628
Photo of Nikki Milch Counseling LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Nikki Milch Counseling LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
Welcome. I provide therapy services to children, adolescents, young adults, and their families. Much of my clinical experience is with youth who struggle with psychiatric concerns such as depression, anxiety, and mood disorders, as well as youth who have been victims of trauma and abuse. I also have extensive experience working with youth in the LGBTQ+ community. I aim to always provide empathy and non-judgmental support during periods of difficulty, change, and transition for youth and help them build the skills to be happy, healthy, and successful individuals with meaningful and fulfilling interpersonal relationships.
Welcome. I provide therapy services to children, adolescents, young adults, and their families. Much of my clinical experience is with youth who struggle with psychiatric concerns such as depression, anxiety, and mood disorders, as well as youth who have been victims of trauma and abuse. I also have extensive experience working with youth in the LGBTQ+ community. I aim to always provide empathy and non-judgmental support during periods of difficulty, change, and transition for youth and help them build the skills to be happy, healthy, and successful individuals with meaningful and fulfilling interpersonal relationships.
(201) 801-4626 View (201) 801-4626
Photo of Bonnie J Lipeles, Psychologist in Waldwick, NJ
Bonnie J Lipeles
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
It has been my privilege to do the meaningful and fulfilling work of psychotherapy on a daily basis. In my 25+ years of experience, I have witnessed the profound effects that therapy can have in one's life, both internally and externally. My approach is to work collaboratively to help you achieve your goals using a variety of clinical techniques depending upon you and your situation. I have a foundation of doctoral and post-doctoral training in psychodynamic theory and technique, along with additional training throughout the years in more behaviorally oriented techniques and in couples therapy.
It has been my privilege to do the meaningful and fulfilling work of psychotherapy on a daily basis. In my 25+ years of experience, I have witnessed the profound effects that therapy can have in one's life, both internally and externally. My approach is to work collaboratively to help you achieve your goals using a variety of clinical techniques depending upon you and your situation. I have a foundation of doctoral and post-doctoral training in psychodynamic theory and technique, along with additional training throughout the years in more behaviorally oriented techniques and in couples therapy.
(201) 561-7268 View (201) 561-7268
Photo of Jenna Paparozzi, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Jenna Paparozzi
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
Hello! My name is Jenna. I approach each individual with a profound commitment to person-centered care. Specializing in supporting those experiencing anxiety or depression, I also work with individuals who want to enhance communication skills, increase distress and frustration tolerance, and overcome challenging life experiences.
Hello! My name is Jenna. I approach each individual with a profound commitment to person-centered care. Specializing in supporting those experiencing anxiety or depression, I also work with individuals who want to enhance communication skills, increase distress and frustration tolerance, and overcome challenging life experiences.
(551) 333-5888 View (551) 333-5888
Photo of Paul Brodsky, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Waldwick, NJ
Paul Brodsky
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
As a therapist with many years of experience offering clinical services, it has been my pleasure to help children, adolescents and young adults to cope with the many issues and challenges that affect their happiness and well being. I specialize in work with clients who are grappling with anxiety, depression, anger management, behavioral and self-esteem issues, peer relationships and school issues. Please refer to the side bar on this page for additional areas of focus and the types of issues that I address, as well as for the methods of treatment that I utilize in working with my clients.
As a therapist with many years of experience offering clinical services, it has been my pleasure to help children, adolescents and young adults to cope with the many issues and challenges that affect their happiness and well being. I specialize in work with clients who are grappling with anxiety, depression, anger management, behavioral and self-esteem issues, peer relationships and school issues. Please refer to the side bar on this page for additional areas of focus and the types of issues that I address, as well as for the methods of treatment that I utilize in working with my clients.
(551) 231-7523 View (551) 231-7523
Photo of Joseph Conerty, Psychologist in Waldwick, NJ
Joseph Conerty
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Waldwick, NJ 07463
Welcome. I help adults struggling with concerns such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, trauma, work-stress, and general life dissatisfaction. I can also help someone clarify what might have gone wrong when they feel stuck, are unable to stop an unwanted feeling, or are struggling to make the changes they desire. My ultimate goal in conducting therapy is to ensure that my clients feel that they are living life as full-potential versions of themselves.
Welcome. I help adults struggling with concerns such as anxiety, depression, panic attacks, trauma, work-stress, and general life dissatisfaction. I can also help someone clarify what might have gone wrong when they feel stuck, are unable to stop an unwanted feeling, or are struggling to make the changes they desire. My ultimate goal in conducting therapy is to ensure that my clients feel that they are living life as full-potential versions of themselves.
(908) 895-5055 View (908) 895-5055

See more therapy options for Waldwick

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Waldwick, NJ

30+

Average cost per session

$170

Therapists in Waldwick, NJ who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
97% Depression
92% Self Esteem
89% Relationship Issues
78% Coping Skills
72% Family Conflict
69% Peer Relationships

Average years in practice

14 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

75% Aetna
63% Cigna and Evernorth
63% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH

How Therapists in Waldwick, NJ see their clients

87% In Person and Online
13% Online Only

Gender breakdown

88% Female
12% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Waldwick?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.