Therapists in Park Ridge, NJ

Photo of Teresa DiDomenico, Licensed Professional Counselor in Park Ridge, NJ
Teresa DiDomenico
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, EdM, LPC, NCC
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Sometimes we need an objective person to talk to about our problems and stresses. As a therapist, I strive to create a safe, open and honest space for clients to discover personal challenges and help with personal growth. I am compassionate, respectful and empathetic to my clients’ issues, and work to help them create and support healthy relationships, gain clarity in life, and achieve wellness and overall life satisfaction. I believe everyone is capable of living a more meaningful, happy and fulfilling life.
Sometimes we need an objective person to talk to about our problems and stresses. As a therapist, I strive to create a safe, open and honest space for clients to discover personal challenges and help with personal growth. I am compassionate, respectful and empathetic to my clients’ issues, and work to help them create and support healthy relationships, gain clarity in life, and achieve wellness and overall life satisfaction. I believe everyone is capable of living a more meaningful, happy and fulfilling life.
(201) 701-8342 View (201) 701-8342
Photo of Stacey Glick-Novack, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Stacey Glick-Novack
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, LCADC, ACSW
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Searching for happiness? If you desire clarity, inspiration, and a plan to reach your personal best, my therapeutic approach will aid you to navigate in the direction toward a self-fulfilling life. Together we will focus on strategies to help you cope and improve your present situation while developing skills for your future.
Searching for happiness? If you desire clarity, inspiration, and a plan to reach your personal best, my therapeutic approach will aid you to navigate in the direction toward a self-fulfilling life. Together we will focus on strategies to help you cope and improve your present situation while developing skills for your future.
(201) 690-6760 View (201) 690-6760
Photo of Tom J Kersting, Licensed Professional Counselor in Park Ridge, NJ
Tom J Kersting
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
"What you think about you bring about." Think about this quote for a moment. It describes who you are. If you want to change your feelings and behaviors you must first change the way you think. Therapy begins the moment you pick-up the phone. It is my priority to personally respond to all inquiries and first time appointments. My number one goal is to help you make lasting changes in your life and to unleash your inner strength.
"What you think about you bring about." Think about this quote for a moment. It describes who you are. If you want to change your feelings and behaviors you must first change the way you think. Therapy begins the moment you pick-up the phone. It is my priority to personally respond to all inquiries and first time appointments. My number one goal is to help you make lasting changes in your life and to unleash your inner strength.
(201) 254-5204 View (201) 254-5204
Photo of Cassandra Soluri, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Cassandra Soluri
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Hello! My name is Cassandra Soluri and I am a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) in New Jersey. I received my Bachelors of Arts at Montclair State University double majoring in Sociology and Family & Child Studies with a concentration in family services, minoring in Sociology, and receiving a certificate in Child Advocacy.
Hello! My name is Cassandra Soluri and I am a licensed clinical social worker (LCSW) in New Jersey. I received my Bachelors of Arts at Montclair State University double majoring in Sociology and Family & Child Studies with a concentration in family services, minoring in Sociology, and receiving a certificate in Child Advocacy.
(201) 379-1774 View (201) 379-1774
Photo of Anne Earle, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Anne Earle
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, CARC
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with "failed" attempts to reduce, control, or stop your drinking, drug use, compulsive habit, or addiction? Are you trying to help a loved one who is struggling? Managing the stresses and losses of the pandemic has been very hard and we are still recovering. Navigating all of these challenges with addiction creates unique difficulties. I am trained in Integrative Harm Reduction Therapy and can help to enhance your sense of agency and connection in your life. We will work together on your specific goals, using this time as an opportunity to create improvements in your mental/physical health and relationships.
Are you struggling with "failed" attempts to reduce, control, or stop your drinking, drug use, compulsive habit, or addiction? Are you trying to help a loved one who is struggling? Managing the stresses and losses of the pandemic has been very hard and we are still recovering. Navigating all of these challenges with addiction creates unique difficulties. I am trained in Integrative Harm Reduction Therapy and can help to enhance your sense of agency and connection in your life. We will work together on your specific goals, using this time as an opportunity to create improvements in your mental/physical health and relationships.
(917) 983-1532 View (917) 983-1532
Photo of Jennifer Stefanik, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Jennifer Stefanik
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LICSW, LLC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Park Ridge, NJ 07656  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Starting therapy, or opening up to a new therapist, is not always easy. It can be overwhelming, daunting, and at times intimidating, to share the intricate details of your life with a therapist. As your therapist, I understand the importance of your time and emotional energy. From our initial appointment we will get started on goal setting, where I will take a collaborative and genuine approach to understanding your individual needs.
Starting therapy, or opening up to a new therapist, is not always easy. It can be overwhelming, daunting, and at times intimidating, to share the intricate details of your life with a therapist. As your therapist, I understand the importance of your time and emotional energy. From our initial appointment we will get started on goal setting, where I will take a collaborative and genuine approach to understanding your individual needs.
(973) 221-9040 View (973) 221-9040
Photo of Dan Smith, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Dan Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LCADC
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Not accepting new clients
The focus of my practice is holistic wellness by way of improved stress management. Mismanagement of situational stress changes the shape and function of the human brain – leading directly to increases in anxiety and depression. My philosophy is aligned with Motivational Interviewing – a counseling approach infused with courtesy and respect. The client is in the best position to become an “expert” regarding their thoughts/feelings/beliefs/behaviors. The counselor acts as a sounding board and will seek to fill gaps in the client’s own knowledge and expertise. Anxiety and depression can often respond to brief treatment.
The focus of my practice is holistic wellness by way of improved stress management. Mismanagement of situational stress changes the shape and function of the human brain – leading directly to increases in anxiety and depression. My philosophy is aligned with Motivational Interviewing – a counseling approach infused with courtesy and respect. The client is in the best position to become an “expert” regarding their thoughts/feelings/beliefs/behaviors. The counselor acts as a sounding board and will seek to fill gaps in the client’s own knowledge and expertise. Anxiety and depression can often respond to brief treatment.
(201) 379-4587 View (201) 379-4587
Photo of Charlene Armstrong Mayer, Licensed Professional Counselor in Park Ridge, NJ
Charlene Armstrong Mayer
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, EdS
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656  (Online Only)
Hello, I’m Charlene Armstrong Mayer, owner of CAM Psychotherapy Services, and a licensed therapist dedicated to guiding individuals on their journey toward healing, self-discovery, and personal growth. I am passionate about providing a safe and compassionate space for you to explore your thoughts, emotions, and experiences. With a client-centered and trauma-informed approach, I tailor my therapeutic techniques to meet your unique needs and goals. My commitment is to foster a therapeutic alliance built on trust, empathy, and mutual respect.
Hello, I’m Charlene Armstrong Mayer, owner of CAM Psychotherapy Services, and a licensed therapist dedicated to guiding individuals on their journey toward healing, self-discovery, and personal growth. I am passionate about providing a safe and compassionate space for you to explore your thoughts, emotions, and experiences. With a client-centered and trauma-informed approach, I tailor my therapeutic techniques to meet your unique needs and goals. My commitment is to foster a therapeutic alliance built on trust, empathy, and mutual respect.
(201) 371-4323 View (201) 371-4323
Photo of Lynne Lambert, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Lynne Lambert
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LCADC
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Asking for help is uncomfortable for most people. It takes courage to seek out guidance. The hard part is listening to that healthy voice inside of you that knows you need to talk to someone. Do not second guess yourself. Follow your intuition and call now. People feel at ease with me. I have a natural ability to connect. We all need to be heard, validated and most importantly feel cared about. I will do this for you. I will support you while you develop new skills to change your life.
Asking for help is uncomfortable for most people. It takes courage to seek out guidance. The hard part is listening to that healthy voice inside of you that knows you need to talk to someone. Do not second guess yourself. Follow your intuition and call now. People feel at ease with me. I have a natural ability to connect. We all need to be heard, validated and most importantly feel cared about. I will do this for you. I will support you while you develop new skills to change your life.
(201) 257-5963 View (201) 257-5963
Photo of Linda Plastrik, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Linda Plastrik
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Have you been trying to accomplish something for a long time ...and it's not happening? You want to be at a different place in your life than you are. Even though you think about it over and over again; with feelings of frustration, anger or depression, it's hard to get motivated. We all feel stuck at times in our life. It can be an important time for you to think about things in a new way. It's a wonderful time to consider being in therapy. You can gain new understanding which will bring about change.
Have you been trying to accomplish something for a long time ...and it's not happening? You want to be at a different place in your life than you are. Even though you think about it over and over again; with feelings of frustration, anger or depression, it's hard to get motivated. We all feel stuck at times in our life. It can be an important time for you to think about things in a new way. It's a wonderful time to consider being in therapy. You can gain new understanding which will bring about change.
(914) 801-8291 View (914) 801-8291
Photo of Leslie Laskin, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Leslie Laskin
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MA, LCSW
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
I am a compassionate and experienced therapist who helps people make positive change in their lives. I work with you to identify your goals and resolve issues that might be preventing you from reaching your potential. My focus is to help you get more of what you want in life. I provide a comfortable and professional atmosphere where you can feel safe and understood while working towards healing and restoration, leaving self limiting thoughts behind.
I am a compassionate and experienced therapist who helps people make positive change in their lives. I work with you to identify your goals and resolve issues that might be preventing you from reaching your potential. My focus is to help you get more of what you want in life. I provide a comfortable and professional atmosphere where you can feel safe and understood while working towards healing and restoration, leaving self limiting thoughts behind.
(914) 297-7130 View (914) 297-7130
Photo of John Tarpinian, Psychologist in Park Ridge, NJ
John Tarpinian
Psychologist, EdD
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
I treat a wide range of emotional/behavior disorders of adults and adolescents. These include anxiety and panic attacks, depression and learned helplessness, as well as alcohol and substance abuse. I also specialize in treating self-esteem issues that revolve around self-doubt, and, feelings of worthlessness and inadequacy. The aim of our therapeutic work is to develop healthier behavior patterns and to improve the overall quality of your life on the road to becoming a more productive person.
I treat a wide range of emotional/behavior disorders of adults and adolescents. These include anxiety and panic attacks, depression and learned helplessness, as well as alcohol and substance abuse. I also specialize in treating self-esteem issues that revolve around self-doubt, and, feelings of worthlessness and inadequacy. The aim of our therapeutic work is to develop healthier behavior patterns and to improve the overall quality of your life on the road to becoming a more productive person.
(201) 870-4078 View (201) 870-4078
Photo of Margaret Debrot, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Margaret Debrot
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW, PsyA
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I approach my work with sensitivity and in response to the needs presented by the individual or family. My professional work demonstrates an ability to respect the individual needs of others when, at times, life presents expected or unexpected challenges. I believe a non-judgemental approach in practice helps to support individuals as they take a new approach to old and new challenges. Margaret is a certified training and supervising analyst and is on the faculty of The Institute for Psychoanalytic Studies where she teaches several courses in both the child and adult training programs. Margaret is an author.
I approach my work with sensitivity and in response to the needs presented by the individual or family. My professional work demonstrates an ability to respect the individual needs of others when, at times, life presents expected or unexpected challenges. I believe a non-judgemental approach in practice helps to support individuals as they take a new approach to old and new challenges. Margaret is a certified training and supervising analyst and is on the faculty of The Institute for Psychoanalytic Studies where she teaches several courses in both the child and adult training programs. Margaret is an author.
(201) 875-1005 View (201) 875-1005
Photo of LeighAnn Albanese, Licensed Professional Counselor in Park Ridge, NJ
LeighAnn Albanese
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Hello and welcome! I received my Master of Arts in Clinical and Counseling Psychology from William Paterson University. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of New Jersey and have trauma certifications. My experience includes both individual and group treatment. It takes courage to seek a happier, more fulfilling life and to take the first steps towards change. I am eager to assist you as you become more empowered and self aware, live more open and less afraid, become a better communicator, to identify and utilize effective coping skills, improve your self-esteem, set boundaries, and improve relationships.
Hello and welcome! I received my Master of Arts in Clinical and Counseling Psychology from William Paterson University. I am a Licensed Professional Counselor in the state of New Jersey and have trauma certifications. My experience includes both individual and group treatment. It takes courage to seek a happier, more fulfilling life and to take the first steps towards change. I am eager to assist you as you become more empowered and self aware, live more open and less afraid, become a better communicator, to identify and utilize effective coping skills, improve your self-esteem, set boundaries, and improve relationships.
(551) 303-6154 View (551) 303-6154
Photo of Lisa Medico, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Lisa Medico
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Lisa is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in NJ with a Masters Degree in Clinical Social Work from Rutgers University. She is also a Certified Case Manager with 10 years experience in the medical field, which has exposed her to a very diverse range of clients, diagnoses, and social situations. Lisa is here to provide her clients with a safe, judgment-free space to explore and address any challenges they may be facing, or simply improve their lives and relationships proactively.
Lisa is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker (LCSW) in NJ with a Masters Degree in Clinical Social Work from Rutgers University. She is also a Certified Case Manager with 10 years experience in the medical field, which has exposed her to a very diverse range of clients, diagnoses, and social situations. Lisa is here to provide her clients with a safe, judgment-free space to explore and address any challenges they may be facing, or simply improve their lives and relationships proactively.
(201) 654-7409 View (201) 654-7409
Photo of Jennifer Gerardi, Licensed Professional Counselor in Park Ridge, NJ
Jennifer Gerardi
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Jennifer Keogh is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey with 5 years of experience. She received her Master in Mental Health Counseling and Bachelor in Psychology and Health Studies from Monmouth University. Her professional experience working at a community mental health center has provided the opportunity to work with a diverse population with a wide variety of mental health diagnoses. Jennifer believes in meeting the client where they are in their journey and tailors her therapeutic approach to be collaborative.
Jennifer Keogh is a Licensed Professional Counselor in New Jersey with 5 years of experience. She received her Master in Mental Health Counseling and Bachelor in Psychology and Health Studies from Monmouth University. Her professional experience working at a community mental health center has provided the opportunity to work with a diverse population with a wide variety of mental health diagnoses. Jennifer believes in meeting the client where they are in their journey and tailors her therapeutic approach to be collaborative.
(201) 855-3810 View (201) 855-3810
Photo of AG Behavioral Services in Park Ridge, NJ
AG Behavioral Services
MA, BCBA
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Hi! I am Andrea E. Gonzalez, MA, BCBA. I am the owner and BCBA of AG Behavioral Services LLC. I started my practice in 2016 in Ridgefield, NJ. We work with children and adolescents who have autism. AG Behavioral Services is maximizing the potential of children with autism today and transforming the nature of autism for future generations.
Hi! I am Andrea E. Gonzalez, MA, BCBA. I am the owner and BCBA of AG Behavioral Services LLC. I started my practice in 2016 in Ridgefield, NJ. We work with children and adolescents who have autism. AG Behavioral Services is maximizing the potential of children with autism today and transforming the nature of autism for future generations.
(201) 579-1736 View (201) 579-1736
Photo of Christine Culbreth, Licensed Professional Counselor in Park Ridge, NJ
Christine Culbreth
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Christine is a Licensed Associate Counselor, who has been practicing since 2013. She graduated from Seton Hall University with a Master's degree in Professional Counseling. Christine believes in a person-centered approach to therapy, an empathetic approach that empowers and motivates individuals to reach their potential. Christine also strongly believes in a mindfulness-based approach, encouraging clients to experience themselves and their feelings in the present. She often utilizes mindfulness-based CBT to address anxiety, depression, and other mood disorders.
Christine is a Licensed Associate Counselor, who has been practicing since 2013. She graduated from Seton Hall University with a Master's degree in Professional Counseling. Christine believes in a person-centered approach to therapy, an empathetic approach that empowers and motivates individuals to reach their potential. Christine also strongly believes in a mindfulness-based approach, encouraging clients to experience themselves and their feelings in the present. She often utilizes mindfulness-based CBT to address anxiety, depression, and other mood disorders.
(551) 356-8056 View (551) 356-8056
Photo of Ron Packard, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Park Ridge, NJ
Ron Packard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Ron Packard is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2016. Ron is passionate about helping clients explore possibilities, navigate change, and grow into their goals. He believes, at a fundamental level, working towards your goals is what supports an engaged and fulfilled life of vitality'it's in the journey. Ron has experience working alongside clients from a wide variety of ages, cultural backgrounds, and concerns they may bring to therapy. His approach as a clinician is collaborative, exploratory, supportive, and encouraging.
Ron Packard is a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2016. Ron is passionate about helping clients explore possibilities, navigate change, and grow into their goals. He believes, at a fundamental level, working towards your goals is what supports an engaged and fulfilled life of vitality'it's in the journey. Ron has experience working alongside clients from a wide variety of ages, cultural backgrounds, and concerns they may bring to therapy. His approach as a clinician is collaborative, exploratory, supportive, and encouraging.
(201) 584-5834 View (201) 584-5834
Photo of Mucella Rose, Pre-Licensed Professional in Park Ridge, NJ
Mucella Rose
Pre-Licensed Professional, LAC
Verified
Park Ridge, NJ 07656
Mucella Rose is a Licensed Associate Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2021. Her educational background includes a Masters of Education in Mental Health Counseling and a Masters of Arts in Psychological Counseling from Teacher's College, Columbia University. Mucella also holds a Bachelor of Arts with a double major in Psychology and Arabic from Montclair State University. Mucella is a compassionate therapist dedicated to helping individuals on their journey of self-discovery and healing. She provides a safe and empathetic space for clients as they navigate their unique path to well-being.
Mucella Rose is a Licensed Associate Counselor in New Jersey who has been practicing since 2021. Her educational background includes a Masters of Education in Mental Health Counseling and a Masters of Arts in Psychological Counseling from Teacher's College, Columbia University. Mucella also holds a Bachelor of Arts with a double major in Psychology and Arabic from Montclair State University. Mucella is a compassionate therapist dedicated to helping individuals on their journey of self-discovery and healing. She provides a safe and empathetic space for clients as they navigate their unique path to well-being.
(551) 273-2348 View (551) 273-2348

See more therapy options for Park Ridge

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Park Ridge, NJ

30+

Average cost per session

$150

Therapists in Park Ridge, NJ who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
88% Depression
58% Trauma and PTSD
55% Relationship Issues
52% ADHD
52% Life Transitions
48% Child

Average years in practice

16 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

85% Aetna
85% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
74% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Park Ridge, NJ see their clients

85% In Person and Online
15% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
16% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Park Ridge?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.