Therapists in Montclair, NJ

Photo of Laura H Hoge, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Laura H Hoge
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LCADC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07043
We all want to be our best selves in life. Sometimes, due to a variety of circumstances, we become stuck in patterns of thinking or behaving that make it difficult to achieve our life goals. During these times, a therapeutic relationship can help to reignite passions, bring our best selves back into focus, and inspire forward movement once again.
We all want to be our best selves in life. Sometimes, due to a variety of circumstances, we become stuck in patterns of thinking or behaving that make it difficult to achieve our life goals. During these times, a therapeutic relationship can help to reignite passions, bring our best selves back into focus, and inspire forward movement once again.
(848) 260-4744 View (848) 260-4744
Photo of Tara Griswold, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Tara Griswold
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07042
Perhaps it seems that life feels harder than it should be, or you are unable to manage stress and your emotions in a way that you would like. Maybe you feel isolated or depressed, or are concerned about some of your habits, behaviors or relationships. The challenges and struggles you might be facing, although very painful at times, can actually be an invitation to engage in the journey of becoming a better version of your self. Whether you are dealing with difficult emotions, self-defeating behaviors, relationship/parenting issues, or just a feeling that something is off, attuned and compassionate therapy can help.
Perhaps it seems that life feels harder than it should be, or you are unable to manage stress and your emotions in a way that you would like. Maybe you feel isolated or depressed, or are concerned about some of your habits, behaviors or relationships. The challenges and struggles you might be facing, although very painful at times, can actually be an invitation to engage in the journey of becoming a better version of your self. Whether you are dealing with difficult emotions, self-defeating behaviors, relationship/parenting issues, or just a feeling that something is off, attuned and compassionate therapy can help.
(862) 397-7372 View (862) 397-7372
Photo of Adam Marin, Licensed Professional Counselor in Montclair, NJ
Adam Marin
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07042  (Online Only)
Hello, I'm Adam. Do you feel that your past or present internal and external experiences are holding you back from experiencing positive emotions in your life? Do you feel that you will never be able to live the life you want to live if you continue to let your feelings and thoughts be the narrator of your life? If you answered "Yes" to any of these questions, you may be struggling with managing psychological pain. You may not see it now, but you demonstrate the courage, compassion, and ability to move forward in your life even with the most difficult challenges that life has or is currently bringing to you.
Hello, I'm Adam. Do you feel that your past or present internal and external experiences are holding you back from experiencing positive emotions in your life? Do you feel that you will never be able to live the life you want to live if you continue to let your feelings and thoughts be the narrator of your life? If you answered "Yes" to any of these questions, you may be struggling with managing psychological pain. You may not see it now, but you demonstrate the courage, compassion, and ability to move forward in your life even with the most difficult challenges that life has or is currently bringing to you.
(973) 339-7252 View (973) 339-7252
Photo of Branka Kurta, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Branka Kurta
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
1 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07042
I have more than 20 years of experience in working with individuals from all walks of life. I have helped many people dealing with depression, anxiety, adjustment issues, low self-esteem, and stress. Taking the step to enter therapy can be scary, but is often a very powerful experience. I believe that problematic early relationships can often cause roadblocks to happiness and satisfaction in one's current relationships. I provide a very safe, sensitive, non-judgmental environment where I can offer practical solutions to the problems of life, and offer the hope of positive change and personal growth.
I have more than 20 years of experience in working with individuals from all walks of life. I have helped many people dealing with depression, anxiety, adjustment issues, low self-esteem, and stress. Taking the step to enter therapy can be scary, but is often a very powerful experience. I believe that problematic early relationships can often cause roadblocks to happiness and satisfaction in one's current relationships. I provide a very safe, sensitive, non-judgmental environment where I can offer practical solutions to the problems of life, and offer the hope of positive change and personal growth.
(201) 479-4769 View (201) 479-4769
Photo of Tracey Kayne, Licensed Professional Counselor in Montclair, NJ
Tracey Kayne
Licensed Professional Counselor, SEP, LPC, LMHC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07042
I believe each and every one of us comes from a place of intrinsic goodness. Within each of us, are the internal resources and resilience we need to navigate life. Hello! I'm Tracey, a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) serving children, adolescents, and adults in and around the Montclair area. If you’ve found your way here, you’re probably ready to ask for help. Asking for help is no easy task and I commend you of finding the courage. In a society where we are conditioned to think we can do it all, coming to terms with our humanness is humbling.
I believe each and every one of us comes from a place of intrinsic goodness. Within each of us, are the internal resources and resilience we need to navigate life. Hello! I'm Tracey, a Licensed Professional Counselor (LPC) serving children, adolescents, and adults in and around the Montclair area. If you’ve found your way here, you’re probably ready to ask for help. Asking for help is no easy task and I commend you of finding the courage. In a society where we are conditioned to think we can do it all, coming to terms with our humanness is humbling.
(973) 860-3305 View (973) 860-3305
Photo of Roland P. Romano, Licensed Professional Counselor in Montclair, NJ
Roland P. Romano
Licensed Professional Counselor, MACC, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07042
Deciding to enter therapy can be difficult for some individuals. Sometimes dealing with feelings of depression, anxiety or life's transitions can be overwhelming. When entering a counseling relationship with me I will provide a safe, caring and confidential environment to explore these feelings. It is my goal to build strong minds and strong lives by helping my clients increase their awareness, which will foster new growth and thereby transform their lives. I encourage and teach people how to operate out of their strengths and to make positive changes in their lives.
Deciding to enter therapy can be difficult for some individuals. Sometimes dealing with feelings of depression, anxiety or life's transitions can be overwhelming. When entering a counseling relationship with me I will provide a safe, caring and confidential environment to explore these feelings. It is my goal to build strong minds and strong lives by helping my clients increase their awareness, which will foster new growth and thereby transform their lives. I encourage and teach people how to operate out of their strengths and to make positive changes in their lives.
(973) 814-4690 View (973) 814-4690
Photo of Barbara Reese, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Barbara Reese
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, CEDS-S
Verified
4 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07042
As Eating Disorder and DBT specialists we want to offer you or your loved one, the highest quality of care - Pediatric, Adolescent, and Adult. We understand the challenges that children and parents face today. Our aim is to offer support and guidance to individuals and families seeking expert and early intervention. We are committed to help you return to the path of full health. Barbara Reese is an Intensively Trained DBT Practitioner, Certified Eating Disorder Specialist-Supervisor, and is certified in both CBT-E and in Family- Based Treatment (FBT), for pediatric, adolescent, and adult eating disorders.
As Eating Disorder and DBT specialists we want to offer you or your loved one, the highest quality of care - Pediatric, Adolescent, and Adult. We understand the challenges that children and parents face today. Our aim is to offer support and guidance to individuals and families seeking expert and early intervention. We are committed to help you return to the path of full health. Barbara Reese is an Intensively Trained DBT Practitioner, Certified Eating Disorder Specialist-Supervisor, and is certified in both CBT-E and in Family- Based Treatment (FBT), for pediatric, adolescent, and adult eating disorders.
(973) 783-2292 View (973) 783-2292
Photo of Iyea Brandy, Licensed Professional Counselor in Montclair, NJ
Iyea Brandy
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, EdS, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07042
Are you struggling to find your voice? If you’re ready to take back the wheel and take charge of your life, consider me your co-pilot. I’ll be by your side while you embark on your own unique path.If you’re struggling on your path, you don’t have to go it alone. I specialize in counseling individuals and families who are navigating experiences with ADHD, ASD, and neurodiversity, as well as mother/daughter relationship issues. I also work with clients struggling with anxiety, self-confidence, boundaries issues and imposter syndrome. I utilize an integrative approach including CBT, IFS and mindfulness.
Are you struggling to find your voice? If you’re ready to take back the wheel and take charge of your life, consider me your co-pilot. I’ll be by your side while you embark on your own unique path.If you’re struggling on your path, you don’t have to go it alone. I specialize in counseling individuals and families who are navigating experiences with ADHD, ASD, and neurodiversity, as well as mother/daughter relationship issues. I also work with clients struggling with anxiety, self-confidence, boundaries issues and imposter syndrome. I utilize an integrative approach including CBT, IFS and mindfulness.
(201) 977-1145 View (201) 977-1145
Photo of Karen Crawford, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Karen Crawford
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LSW
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07042
As a Licensed Social Worker, I am dedicated to helping you achieve your goals and resolve problems. I have a positive, warm, and open approach in which you will feel safe and heard. We will work together to set goals, implement change, learn, and grow. Although I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a primary framework, I use a flexible approach tailored to the needs of each client. Approaches include; Mindfulness, Self-Care, Motivational Interviewing, Exposure Therapy, Play Therapy, and Person Centered Therapy.
As a Licensed Social Worker, I am dedicated to helping you achieve your goals and resolve problems. I have a positive, warm, and open approach in which you will feel safe and heard. We will work together to set goals, implement change, learn, and grow. Although I utilize Cognitive Behavioral Therapy as a primary framework, I use a flexible approach tailored to the needs of each client. Approaches include; Mindfulness, Self-Care, Motivational Interviewing, Exposure Therapy, Play Therapy, and Person Centered Therapy.
(973) 240-5526 View (973) 240-5526
Rosemarie Ciccarello
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07042
Not accepting new clients
Since earning her doctorate in Clinical Psychology in 1990, Dr. Ciccarello has worked with a wide variety of clients dealing with issues ranging from chemical dependency, homelessness, and HIV/AIDS to traumatized children and adolescents in foster care and residential treatment. Dr. Ciccarello currently works with individuals, couples, and families, and runs parenting workshops focusing on child development and positive discipline. Her approach to treatment is based on psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral principles. She is particularly interested in working with people struggling with anxiety and depression.
Since earning her doctorate in Clinical Psychology in 1990, Dr. Ciccarello has worked with a wide variety of clients dealing with issues ranging from chemical dependency, homelessness, and HIV/AIDS to traumatized children and adolescents in foster care and residential treatment. Dr. Ciccarello currently works with individuals, couples, and families, and runs parenting workshops focusing on child development and positive discipline. Her approach to treatment is based on psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral principles. She is particularly interested in working with people struggling with anxiety and depression.
(862) 307-9998 x1 View (862) 307-9998 x1
Photo of Dr. Lorena Lopez-Tobia, Psychologist in Montclair, NJ
Dr. Lorena Lopez-Tobia
Psychologist, PhD
Verified
2 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07042
Welcome! I am a Clinical Psychologist with an affinity for working with culturally diverse and professionally ambitious adults, couples, and parents. My approach is rooted in attachment theory research, which means I work with clients looking to improve their relationships. This can mean improving and healing relationships with a parent, partner, child, or oneself. My approach is also focused on neuroscience research. In sessions, we will often explore behaviors, physiological reactions, and the fight, flight, or freeze response to foster exploration, healing, and growth.
Welcome! I am a Clinical Psychologist with an affinity for working with culturally diverse and professionally ambitious adults, couples, and parents. My approach is rooted in attachment theory research, which means I work with clients looking to improve their relationships. This can mean improving and healing relationships with a parent, partner, child, or oneself. My approach is also focused on neuroscience research. In sessions, we will often explore behaviors, physiological reactions, and the fight, flight, or freeze response to foster exploration, healing, and growth.
(973) 281-4710 View (973) 281-4710
Photo of Montserrat Coughlin Kim, Licensed Social Worker in Montclair, NJ
Montserrat Coughlin Kim
Licensed Social Worker, LSW, MSW
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07042
Life is unexpected and at times very hard. I believe that these challenges can make us better, fuller people but it takes work. I want to help you with that work. I offer a welcoming, comfortable environment in which we can identify strengths and challenges and create new tools for you to use in your life.
Life is unexpected and at times very hard. I believe that these challenges can make us better, fuller people but it takes work. I want to help you with that work. I offer a welcoming, comfortable environment in which we can identify strengths and challenges and create new tools for you to use in your life.
(973) 791-8387 View (973) 791-8387
Photo of Christine Peters, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Christine Peters
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07043
Christine has over 10 years of therapy experience, utilizing Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, and other approaches. She received her degree from New York University and is also a Board Certified Behavior Analyst. She has experience working with children, adolescents, and adults for a variety of issues. These include depression, anxiety, phobias, panic, anger, stress, insomnia, ADHD, autism, developmental delays, and work/home/school issues.
Christine has over 10 years of therapy experience, utilizing Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, and other approaches. She received her degree from New York University and is also a Board Certified Behavior Analyst. She has experience working with children, adolescents, and adults for a variety of issues. These include depression, anxiety, phobias, panic, anger, stress, insomnia, ADHD, autism, developmental delays, and work/home/school issues.
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Photo of Lisa Rosenberg, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Lisa Rosenberg
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07042
Not accepting new clients
I have a Masters in Social Work from Hunter College School of Social Work and a Post-Masters Certification in family and couples therapy from the Ackerman Institute for the Family. I specialize in the areas of trauma, adolescence (including self-harm and cyber bullying), adoption-related identity and parenting issues, multicultural individuals, couples and families. I am LGBTQ+ -friendly and work with clients of all genders and orientations. As a therapist, one of my missions is to help you recognize that while your experiences-your fears, your losses, your triumphs-are unique, you are not alone.
I have a Masters in Social Work from Hunter College School of Social Work and a Post-Masters Certification in family and couples therapy from the Ackerman Institute for the Family. I specialize in the areas of trauma, adolescence (including self-harm and cyber bullying), adoption-related identity and parenting issues, multicultural individuals, couples and families. I am LGBTQ+ -friendly and work with clients of all genders and orientations. As a therapist, one of my missions is to help you recognize that while your experiences-your fears, your losses, your triumphs-are unique, you are not alone.
(646) 392-7320 View (646) 392-7320
Photo of Amos H Kamil, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Amos H Kamil
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LSW
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07042
Do you have a sense that you want more out of life but just can't seem to get there? Been there. My practice is dedicated to helping men, women, and couples work through relational, emotional and personal blocks so that they can lead a more meaningful life. I've played many roles in my life: actor, playwright, bio and adoptive father, branding consultant, son, journalist, brother, advocate, and therapist/coach to name a few. I understand and love working with searchers of all stripes in a style that can be warm, fun, and frank.
Do you have a sense that you want more out of life but just can't seem to get there? Been there. My practice is dedicated to helping men, women, and couples work through relational, emotional and personal blocks so that they can lead a more meaningful life. I've played many roles in my life: actor, playwright, bio and adoptive father, branding consultant, son, journalist, brother, advocate, and therapist/coach to name a few. I understand and love working with searchers of all stripes in a style that can be warm, fun, and frank.
(973) 833-5987 View (973) 833-5987
Photo of Carol Ann Cilona, Licensed Professional Counselor in Montclair, NJ
Carol Ann Cilona
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPC, NCC, ACS
Verified
2 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07042
Please Note: I am accepting new clients at this time (However, I Do Not Take Medicaid or Medicare). I have long-term and significant experience working with various ethnic demographics, cultures, religions, including LGBTQIA and Polyamorous clientele. I offer compassion, empathy, and understanding to each and every person, and custom-tailor your treatment plan to your individual issues. Moreover, I practice an egalitarian approach meaning you will be respected as an equal partner in our work together. As my client, you can look forward to my undivided attention, flexibility in scheduling, and a warm and welcoming environment.
Please Note: I am accepting new clients at this time (However, I Do Not Take Medicaid or Medicare). I have long-term and significant experience working with various ethnic demographics, cultures, religions, including LGBTQIA and Polyamorous clientele. I offer compassion, empathy, and understanding to each and every person, and custom-tailor your treatment plan to your individual issues. Moreover, I practice an egalitarian approach meaning you will be respected as an equal partner in our work together. As my client, you can look forward to my undivided attention, flexibility in scheduling, and a warm and welcoming environment.
(973) 620-2276 View (973) 620-2276
Photo of Rebekah Johnson, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Rebekah Johnson
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07042  (Online Only)
Hi, I’m Bekah. I want to start by saying that reaching out for help takes courage. Whether or not we work together, I am glad that you are taking the time find a clinician with whom you feel comfortable. Do you ever find that you are significantly harsher with yourself than you would be to a friend or even a stranger? Life is hard enough on its own, yet sometimes we have a tendency to make it harder for ourselves.
Hi, I’m Bekah. I want to start by saying that reaching out for help takes courage. Whether or not we work together, I am glad that you are taking the time find a clinician with whom you feel comfortable. Do you ever find that you are significantly harsher with yourself than you would be to a friend or even a stranger? Life is hard enough on its own, yet sometimes we have a tendency to make it harder for ourselves.
(973) 381-2647 View (973) 381-2647
Photo of Elana Isser, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Montclair, NJ
Elana Isser
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified
Montclair, NJ 07042  (Online Only)
My name is Elana Isser. I am a licensed clinical social worker. in New Jersey, New York, Maryland, and Florida.
My name is Elana Isser. I am a licensed clinical social worker. in New Jersey, New York, Maryland, and Florida.
(973) 791-8219 View (973) 791-8219
Photo of Rebecca Rowtie, Counselor in Montclair, NJ
Rebecca Rowtie
Counselor, MA, LPC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07042
Whether you are experiencing a specific challenge or a general sense that your life could be better, therapy can help! I believe in fostering an environment built on warmth, acceptance, and support to help individuals explore life’s challenges and effect change. I work collaboratively with clients to determine where life has gone astray, while building on what is going well and increasing self-awareness and insight. My goal is to empower my clients to lead a more satisfying, authentic life, with an enhanced sense of well-being and purpose.
Whether you are experiencing a specific challenge or a general sense that your life could be better, therapy can help! I believe in fostering an environment built on warmth, acceptance, and support to help individuals explore life’s challenges and effect change. I work collaboratively with clients to determine where life has gone astray, while building on what is going well and increasing self-awareness and insight. My goal is to empower my clients to lead a more satisfying, authentic life, with an enhanced sense of well-being and purpose.
(973) 659-4219 View (973) 659-4219
Photo of Lisa M Cassilli, Licensed Professional Counselor in Montclair, NJ
Lisa M Cassilli
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LPC, NCC, SAC, ACS
Verified
1 Endorsed
Montclair, NJ 07043
I specialize in working with adults and adolescents who may be struggling with questions about relationships, families, boundaries, academics, anxiety, depression, self-identity and/or self-esteem. I am also certified to treat clients with substance abuse issues and addiction. My clients receive quality care in a comfortable environment with a holistic approach to wellness. My approach is solution-based and client centered to empower individuals to reach their full potential. I am available to my clients through text, phone and email. I am an Approved Clinical Supervisor mentoring LACs in NJ.
I specialize in working with adults and adolescents who may be struggling with questions about relationships, families, boundaries, academics, anxiety, depression, self-identity and/or self-esteem. I am also certified to treat clients with substance abuse issues and addiction. My clients receive quality care in a comfortable environment with a holistic approach to wellness. My approach is solution-based and client centered to empower individuals to reach their full potential. I am available to my clients through text, phone and email. I am an Approved Clinical Supervisor mentoring LACs in NJ.
(973) 832-0968 View (973) 832-0968

See more therapy options for Montclair

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Montclair, NJ

800+

Average cost per session

$175

Therapists in Montclair, NJ who prioritize treating:

94% Anxiety
90% Depression
81% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
71% Coping Skills
65% Family Conflict
64% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

70% Aetna
65% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
64% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Montclair, NJ see their clients

69% In Person and Online
31% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
19% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Montclair?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.