Therapists in New Mexico

View cities and counties in New Mexico
Photo of JoAnn Mitchell, Counselor in New Mexico
JoAnn Mitchell
Counselor, MEd, EdS, LPCC
Rio Rancho, NM 87124  (Online Only)
JoAnn is committed to providing the highest quality individualized therapy to help improve her client's quality of life by addressing areas of need including depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, relationship issues, academic and career planning, life changes, and life coaching. JoAnn earned her undergraduate degree from Elmira College in elementary education and psychology and earned her M.Ed and Ed.S in School Psychology from Georgia State University. JoAnn has spent over 30 years working in diverse settings including elementary, middle, and high schools, community and private college, juvenile justice facilities, and adult prison.
JoAnn is committed to providing the highest quality individualized therapy to help improve her client's quality of life by addressing areas of need including depression, anxiety, trauma, grief, relationship issues, academic and career planning, life changes, and life coaching. JoAnn earned her undergraduate degree from Elmira College in elementary education and psychology and earned her M.Ed and Ed.S in School Psychology from Georgia State University. JoAnn has spent over 30 years working in diverse settings including elementary, middle, and high schools, community and private college, juvenile justice facilities, and adult prison.
(505) 666-4845 View (505) 666-4845
Photo of Charles K. Schrier, Counselor in New Mexico
Charles K. Schrier
Counselor, MA, LPCC, CVE
Verified
Albuquerque, NM 87122
Everyone has long-standing behavior patterns, habitual perceptions, and irrational beliefs - left unexamined some of these are going to undermine your happiness. As a cognitive-constructivist (wordy way of saying we choose how we make sense of the world) my goal is to help you see things from different perspectives and to respond to life's challenges in new and more rewarding ways. Just as you have taught your body to respond reflexively, your thinking has also become reflexive. When you become aware of your patterned thoughts and emotional reflexes, you can decide what works for you and what works against you.
Everyone has long-standing behavior patterns, habitual perceptions, and irrational beliefs - left unexamined some of these are going to undermine your happiness. As a cognitive-constructivist (wordy way of saying we choose how we make sense of the world) my goal is to help you see things from different perspectives and to respond to life's challenges in new and more rewarding ways. Just as you have taught your body to respond reflexively, your thinking has also become reflexive. When you become aware of your patterned thoughts and emotional reflexes, you can decide what works for you and what works against you.
(505) 819-3655 View (505) 819-3655
Photo of Dr. Jon Katz, Psychologist in New Mexico
Dr. Jon Katz
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
Taos, NM 87571  (Online Only)
Hi, I'm Dr. Jon Katz, a psychologist specializing in working with autistic adults and college students. I offer counseling and autism assessments. My practice is built on a foundation of deep knowledge, sincere empathy, and a deep belief in every individual's unique potential. I strive to make our sessions a safe place for you to express yourself freely, to be understood and accepted. I don't do just dry clinical assessments – think of them as a comprehensive map we can use to navigate your journey of self-discovery and growth.
Hi, I'm Dr. Jon Katz, a psychologist specializing in working with autistic adults and college students. I offer counseling and autism assessments. My practice is built on a foundation of deep knowledge, sincere empathy, and a deep belief in every individual's unique potential. I strive to make our sessions a safe place for you to express yourself freely, to be understood and accepted. I don't do just dry clinical assessments – think of them as a comprehensive map we can use to navigate your journey of self-discovery and growth.
(575) 613-4167 View (575) 613-4167
Photo of Shakaya McFarland, Counselor in New Mexico
Shakaya McFarland
Counselor, LMHC, MEd
Verified
3 Endorsed
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Not accepting new clients
Many times in our lives we are driven by the pain of past events which can sometimes lead us to feel and believe that we have lost our way. Yet, the truth is that we can live within a new paradigm! How are you showing up for yourself today? I have worked with youth and adults in a variety of capacities as well as prenatal and postnatal care. Much of my experience has been working alongside those who are faced with issues of anger, general and acute stress, PTSD, anxiety, and depression. I have a deep understanding of the nuances of trauma and generational trauma & sociocultural contexts and constructs (racism, sexism, xenophobia).
Many times in our lives we are driven by the pain of past events which can sometimes lead us to feel and believe that we have lost our way. Yet, the truth is that we can live within a new paradigm! How are you showing up for yourself today? I have worked with youth and adults in a variety of capacities as well as prenatal and postnatal care. Much of my experience has been working alongside those who are faced with issues of anger, general and acute stress, PTSD, anxiety, and depression. I have a deep understanding of the nuances of trauma and generational trauma & sociocultural contexts and constructs (racism, sexism, xenophobia).
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Photo of DBT Resiliency Center, Licensed Professional Counselor in New Mexico
DBT Resiliency Center
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC
Verified
Santa Fe, NM 87501  (Online Only)
DBT Resiliency Center specializes in DBT for Children. DBT for Children (DBT-C) is a treatment program that focuses on skill development for parents of kids who are emotionally sensitive and highly reactive. DBT-C focuses on changing the environment to meet the needs of the child. For this reason, the family is seen as the “patient". Adults, teens, tweens and children who would like to learn skills for coping with intense emotions and working towards a life worth living. We want to grow and learn how to change certain behaviors. Intense emotions, feelings of hopelessness sometimes make that change difficult to achieve.
DBT Resiliency Center specializes in DBT for Children. DBT for Children (DBT-C) is a treatment program that focuses on skill development for parents of kids who are emotionally sensitive and highly reactive. DBT-C focuses on changing the environment to meet the needs of the child. For this reason, the family is seen as the “patient". Adults, teens, tweens and children who would like to learn skills for coping with intense emotions and working towards a life worth living. We want to grow and learn how to change certain behaviors. Intense emotions, feelings of hopelessness sometimes make that change difficult to achieve.
(520) 636-5018 View (520) 636-5018
Photo of Sylvie Eyral, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Mexico
Sylvie Eyral
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, SEP
Verified
Santa Fe, NM 87501  (Online Only)
Would you like to live life more fully? You can. Together, we will help you discover that there is more to you than states of dys-regulation, depression, stress or anxiety. Stress and trauma come from many sources. You may have lived through - or been witness to -something that occurred too fast or lasted too long (medical interventions, childhood abuse or neglect, grief & loss).
Would you like to live life more fully? You can. Together, we will help you discover that there is more to you than states of dys-regulation, depression, stress or anxiety. Stress and trauma come from many sources. You may have lived through - or been witness to -something that occurred too fast or lasted too long (medical interventions, childhood abuse or neglect, grief & loss).
(505) 369-3940 View (505) 369-3940
Photo of France Sarradon, Counselor in New Mexico
France Sarradon
Counselor, MA , LPCC, LMFT
Verified
France Sarradon's approach is based upon her profound empathy, humanistic principles, the sharing of relationship skills and her 45+ years of experience so that her clients can deepen their exploration and understanding, master and enjoy their lives, strengthen their bond with themselves and others. France counsels individuals and couples, leads workshops for couples and individuals, and training for professionals (therapists, group leaders, managers...). You are invited to begin this journey, to deepen our intimacy with the people we choose and make our interactions with others smoother and more rewarding. I look forward to it.
France Sarradon's approach is based upon her profound empathy, humanistic principles, the sharing of relationship skills and her 45+ years of experience so that her clients can deepen their exploration and understanding, master and enjoy their lives, strengthen their bond with themselves and others. France counsels individuals and couples, leads workshops for couples and individuals, and training for professionals (therapists, group leaders, managers...). You are invited to begin this journey, to deepen our intimacy with the people we choose and make our interactions with others smoother and more rewarding. I look forward to it.
(505) 919-7703 View (505) 919-7703
Photo of Cynthia Sontag, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Mexico
Cynthia Sontag
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSWAC, LCSW
Verified
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Not accepting new clients
As a clinical social worker providing psychotherapy services, I want to provide good customer service and services customized to your individual needs. I want to help you live the life you want to live. Learn how to reduce your anxiety by changing your patterns of thinking or acting. I can work with multiple issues including mood disorders, addictions, and chronic medical conditions. Focusing on the relationship you have with yourself will improve your self-esteem and help you learn how to relate better with others. It's not just therapy; it's your therapy.
As a clinical social worker providing psychotherapy services, I want to provide good customer service and services customized to your individual needs. I want to help you live the life you want to live. Learn how to reduce your anxiety by changing your patterns of thinking or acting. I can work with multiple issues including mood disorders, addictions, and chronic medical conditions. Focusing on the relationship you have with yourself will improve your self-esteem and help you learn how to relate better with others. It's not just therapy; it's your therapy.
(505) 819-3218 View (505) 819-3218
Photo of Alanna Burke-Sindlinger, Art Therapist in New Mexico
Alanna Burke-Sindlinger
Art Therapist, ATR-BC, LPAT, LPCC
Verified
9 Endorsed
Las Vegas, NM 87701
Are you looking to go beyond the surface and deep dive to discover the root of your suffering and struggles that you are facing? Are you needing to integrate pieces of your life story and make sense of something that has left you disjointed, disillusioned or trapped? Perhaps you are ready or feeling a need to create space to unfold some of the painful material that keeps you in perpetuating cycles or patterns that have been difficult to manage and break.
Are you looking to go beyond the surface and deep dive to discover the root of your suffering and struggles that you are facing? Are you needing to integrate pieces of your life story and make sense of something that has left you disjointed, disillusioned or trapped? Perhaps you are ready or feeling a need to create space to unfold some of the painful material that keeps you in perpetuating cycles or patterns that have been difficult to manage and break.
(505) 557-2824 View (505) 557-2824
Photo of Melissa M. Smith, Counselor in New Mexico
Melissa M. Smith
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified
Santa Fe, NM 87505
Whether you feel you have no idea where to start, pooling at an in-between place, or need a supportive boost to get back on track in your life, I offer a holistic approach to therapy. To let the ups and downs be witnessed and heard is a profound experience. To receive the care you need is to let go of the belief that doing it alone is the only way. We will work with the contained emotions of transition, grief, relationships, or trauma, allowing wholeness and self-compassion to emerge. “Wisdom tells me I am nothing. Love tells me I am everything. And between the two my life flows.” ― Nisargadatta Maharaj
Whether you feel you have no idea where to start, pooling at an in-between place, or need a supportive boost to get back on track in your life, I offer a holistic approach to therapy. To let the ups and downs be witnessed and heard is a profound experience. To receive the care you need is to let go of the belief that doing it alone is the only way. We will work with the contained emotions of transition, grief, relationships, or trauma, allowing wholeness and self-compassion to emerge. “Wisdom tells me I am nothing. Love tells me I am everything. And between the two my life flows.” ― Nisargadatta Maharaj
(505) 309-3325 View (505) 309-3325
Photo of Tawn Head, Counselor in New Mexico
Tawn Head
Counselor, LPCC
Verified
2 Endorsed
Albuquerque, NM 87110  (Online Only)
I offer services to women of all ages, and occasionally children, who have had trauma in their background and are seeking to find clarity in who they are now, and where they want to go from here. I offer expressive modalities in addition to talk therapy for an ease in releasing the past, increasing self esteem, and leading to a safer and more joyous future.
I offer services to women of all ages, and occasionally children, who have had trauma in their background and are seeking to find clarity in who they are now, and where they want to go from here. I offer expressive modalities in addition to talk therapy for an ease in releasing the past, increasing self esteem, and leading to a safer and more joyous future.
(505) 395-5195 View (505) 395-5195
Photo of Susan Jane Riley, Counselor in New Mexico
Susan Jane Riley
Counselor, MA
Verified
Santa Fe, NM 87508  (Online Only)
Forty years as a depth psychotherapist, with wisdom gleaned from C.G. Jung and yogic principles, has given me the skills to help people find their own path to meaning, self-awareness, balance and authenticity. Through careful exploration of memory, fears and dreams, I help clients work toward well-being by helping them understand psychic wounds, abandon outmoded patterns of self-protection, and apply useful strategies for handling the inevitable conflicts of daily life.
Forty years as a depth psychotherapist, with wisdom gleaned from C.G. Jung and yogic principles, has given me the skills to help people find their own path to meaning, self-awareness, balance and authenticity. Through careful exploration of memory, fears and dreams, I help clients work toward well-being by helping them understand psychic wounds, abandon outmoded patterns of self-protection, and apply useful strategies for handling the inevitable conflicts of daily life.
(505) 726-4891 View (505) 726-4891
Photo of SKT Counseling LLC, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Mexico
SKT Counseling LLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, BFA, MSW, LCSW
Verified
Albuquerque, NM 87110
If you are in emotional pain, I believe that I have lots of tools that we can utilize to help you overcome whatever it is you are dealing with. You don't have to handle your problems alone. As a psychotherapist I have been trained in numerous trauma informed techniques. My goal is to get you out of pain as soon as possible then we can work together to identify underlying causes contributing to your distress. I'm here to help you sort through the things that are difficult right now, and offer you a safe place without fear of judgment. "We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking that created them" Albert Einstein
If you are in emotional pain, I believe that I have lots of tools that we can utilize to help you overcome whatever it is you are dealing with. You don't have to handle your problems alone. As a psychotherapist I have been trained in numerous trauma informed techniques. My goal is to get you out of pain as soon as possible then we can work together to identify underlying causes contributing to your distress. I'm here to help you sort through the things that are difficult right now, and offer you a safe place without fear of judgment. "We cannot solve our problems with the same thinking that created them" Albert Einstein
(505) 591-4660 View (505) 591-4660
Photo of Katherine Gotis, Mental Health Counselor in New Mexico
Katherine Gotis
Mental Health Counselor, MS, LMHC, RN
Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Fe, NM 87505  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Relationships shape us. The experience of being seen, accepted, and understood by another is a basic human need that when not met can lead to feelings of isolation, loneliness, and other painful emotions. Transformation and healing happen in the moment and in the context of relationships. My approach is open, compassionate, non-pathologizing, relational, & somatic. Rooted in mindfulness, IPNB, & the body/mind connection, our work will also be infused with a healthy dose of humor when appropriate. I support people seeking to heal intergenerational trauma & grief & to weave authentic connections with themselves and with loved ones.
Relationships shape us. The experience of being seen, accepted, and understood by another is a basic human need that when not met can lead to feelings of isolation, loneliness, and other painful emotions. Transformation and healing happen in the moment and in the context of relationships. My approach is open, compassionate, non-pathologizing, relational, & somatic. Rooted in mindfulness, IPNB, & the body/mind connection, our work will also be infused with a healthy dose of humor when appropriate. I support people seeking to heal intergenerational trauma & grief & to weave authentic connections with themselves and with loved ones.
(505) 636-3076 View (505) 636-3076
Photo of Elena Mitchel, Counselor in New Mexico
Elena Mitchel
Counselor, MA, LMHC
Verified
4 Endorsed
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, or feeling overwhelmed? Are there parts of yourself that you wish would just go away? I practice Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy, a somatic, holistic modality. I help you get to know the parts of yourself and make the space for all parts to be heard and healed. I provide you with the tools you need to find relief, truly take care of yourself, have greater choice and gain peace of mind. My mission is to collaborate with you to help you to live a more peaceful, vibrant, connected, pleasure-full, and engaged life.
Are you struggling with anxiety, depression, or feeling overwhelmed? Are there parts of yourself that you wish would just go away? I practice Internal Family Systems (IFS) therapy, a somatic, holistic modality. I help you get to know the parts of yourself and make the space for all parts to be heard and healed. I provide you with the tools you need to find relief, truly take care of yourself, have greater choice and gain peace of mind. My mission is to collaborate with you to help you to live a more peaceful, vibrant, connected, pleasure-full, and engaged life.
(505) 666-4610 View (505) 666-4610
Photo of JoyFULL Therapy, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Mexico
JoyFULL Therapy
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LMSW, MSW, PCS
Verified
Albuquerque, NM 87110  (Online Only)
Navigating life changes? JoyFULL Therapy supports those facing career shifts, breakups, divorces, or losses or in need of a little extra support. We provide specialized counseling for increased support in overcoming challenges and achieving emotional balance. JoyFULL Therapy guides you off the emotional merry-go-round, focusing on mindful thinking, coping skills, and emotional balance.
Navigating life changes? JoyFULL Therapy supports those facing career shifts, breakups, divorces, or losses or in need of a little extra support. We provide specialized counseling for increased support in overcoming challenges and achieving emotional balance. JoyFULL Therapy guides you off the emotional merry-go-round, focusing on mindful thinking, coping skills, and emotional balance.
(505) 421-5452 View (505) 421-5452
Photo of Gina Marie Letizia, Licensed Professional Counselor in New Mexico
Gina Marie Letizia
Licensed Professional Counselor, LPCC, CMHIMP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Fe, NM 87508  (Online Only)
It is a gift to engage in a therapeutic relationship with another human who shows up with vulnerability and courage to ask for support in their life. I am here to meet you where you are on your journey, to support and guide you in living the life you envision.
It is a gift to engage in a therapeutic relationship with another human who shows up with vulnerability and courage to ask for support in their life. I am here to meet you where you are on your journey, to support and guide you in living the life you envision.
(505) 391-2459 View (505) 391-2459
Photo of 32º Genuine, LLC, Counselor in New Mexico
32º Genuine, LLC
Counselor, LPCC, NCC, SEP
Verified
Albuquerque, NM 87113
We do our best to create a welcoming and comfortable environment because sometimes the work can be difficult and uncomfortable. I invite all clients to bring anything that makes them more comfortable to do their work. If you’re not sure of what that is we can work together to find some of those comforts to help in your day to day life.
We do our best to create a welcoming and comfortable environment because sometimes the work can be difficult and uncomfortable. I invite all clients to bring anything that makes them more comfortable to do their work. If you’re not sure of what that is we can work together to find some of those comforts to help in your day to day life.
(505) 806-2073 View (505) 806-2073
Photo of Olivia Summa, Psychologist in New Mexico
Olivia Summa
Psychologist, PsyD
Verified
1 Endorsed
Santa Fe, NM 87507
My goal as a clinician is to deeply understand and be by your side as you explore your life and circumstances. I will always hold compassion for you and help you find it for yourself as you work toward emotional healing and growth. I have a psychodynamic lens and perspective but pull interventions from a wide range of evidence-based practices such as Family Systems Therapy, CBT, ACT, and DBT. My aim as a therapist is to understand where the problems in your life and relationships began, how they are maintained, and from that understanding, how we can make meaningful change.
My goal as a clinician is to deeply understand and be by your side as you explore your life and circumstances. I will always hold compassion for you and help you find it for yourself as you work toward emotional healing and growth. I have a psychodynamic lens and perspective but pull interventions from a wide range of evidence-based practices such as Family Systems Therapy, CBT, ACT, and DBT. My aim as a therapist is to understand where the problems in your life and relationships began, how they are maintained, and from that understanding, how we can make meaningful change.
(505) 605-5371 View (505) 605-5371
Photo of Marcos Peña, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in New Mexico
Marcos Peña
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW , LADAC
Verified
1 Endorsed
Las Cruces, NM 88005
I am a dedicated and compassionate therapist with expertise in various issues that individuals may face. I specialize in helping clients navigate through challenging experiences, offering support, guidance, and evidence-based therapeutic approaches. Whether you're struggling with addiction, alcohol use, anger management, anxiety, codependency, depression, drug abuse, family conflict, grief, life transitions, self-esteem, self-harming behaviors, substance use, or issues related concerns, I am here to provide a safe and non-judgmental space for you to explore, heal, and grow. Together, we can work towards achieving a happier life.
I am a dedicated and compassionate therapist with expertise in various issues that individuals may face. I specialize in helping clients navigate through challenging experiences, offering support, guidance, and evidence-based therapeutic approaches. Whether you're struggling with addiction, alcohol use, anger management, anxiety, codependency, depression, drug abuse, family conflict, grief, life transitions, self-esteem, self-harming behaviors, substance use, or issues related concerns, I am here to provide a safe and non-judgmental space for you to explore, heal, and grow. Together, we can work towards achieving a happier life.
(575) 483-1342 View (575) 483-1342

See more therapy options for New Mexico

How does your Therapist compare?

Average cost per session

$130

Therapists in New Mexico who prioritize treating:

88% Anxiety
84% Depression
76% Trauma and PTSD
75% Relationship Issues
73% Self Esteem
66% Coping Skills
64% Grief

Average years in practice

13 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

78% BlueCross and BlueShield
77% Presbyterian
72% Medicaid

How Therapists in New Mexico see their clients

66% In Person and Online
34% Online Only

Gender breakdown

78% Female
21% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in New Mexico?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.