Dialectical Behavior (DBT) Therapists in Harrisburg, NC

Photo of undefined - Counterstep Counseling & Consulting, PLLC, LCMHC, LCAS, CRC
Counterstep Counseling & Consulting, PLLC
Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, LCMHC, LCAS, CRC
Verified Verified
Harrisburg, NC 28075  (Online Only)
However, I have the capacity to draw upon many techniques from other theoretical approaches that include DBT, Cognitive Processing, and Positive Psychology.
Hello and welcome! I sincerely appreciate your consideration in building a therapeutic relationship. The term Counterstep means a measure taken to correct an action or situation. My goal is to establish a safe, accepting, and comfortable environment, which is essential for you, the client, to grow in self-awareness and self-acceptance. It is also my goal that we collaborate to form a mutually desirable relationship and focus our counseling sessions by setting goals, which we will continue to reevaluate throughout the counseling process.
However, I have the capacity to draw upon many techniques from other theoretical approaches that include DBT, Cognitive Processing, and Positive Psychology.
Hello and welcome! I sincerely appreciate your consideration in building a therapeutic relationship. The term Counterstep means a measure taken to correct an action or situation. My goal is to establish a safe, accepting, and comfortable environment, which is essential for you, the client, to grow in self-awareness and self-acceptance. It is also my goal that we collaborate to form a mutually desirable relationship and focus our counseling sessions by setting goals, which we will continue to reevaluate throughout the counseling process.
(980) 261-3546 View (980) 261-3546
Photo of Kristin Anthony, LMHCA
Kristin Anthony
Lic Clinical Mental Health Counselor Associate, LMHCA
Verified Verified
Harrisburg, NC 28075
Welcome to my profile! My goals are to help clients navigate difficult seasons of life, manage complex emotions, develop healthy coping skills, and live a meaningful life. My therapeutic style is direct, open, and collaborative. I am passionate about respecting diversity, and I provide LGBTQ+, culturally-sensitive, trauma-informed care. In sessions, I like to use a blend of mindfulness-based interventions like DBT and ACT paired with an unstructured use of CBT and solutions-focused therapy. I also like to include activities using art, music, and play.
Welcome to my profile! My goals are to help clients navigate difficult seasons of life, manage complex emotions, develop healthy coping skills, and live a meaningful life. My therapeutic style is direct, open, and collaborative. I am passionate about respecting diversity, and I provide LGBTQ+, culturally-sensitive, trauma-informed care. In sessions, I like to use a blend of mindfulness-based interventions like DBT and ACT paired with an unstructured use of CBT and solutions-focused therapy. I also like to include activities using art, music, and play.
(704) 610-1864 View (704) 610-1864
Photo of Kristen Bumgarner, MA, LCMHCA
Kristen Bumgarner
Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, MA, LCMHCA
Verified Verified
Harrisburg, NC 28075
She draws upon a wide range of theories to meet the needs of each client, including Cognitive Behavioral, Person Centered, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy.
Kristen treats patients starting 4 years old. Kristen is a Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor Associate who received her Master of Arts Degree from Wake Forest University after obtaining her Bachelor of Arts Degree in Psychology from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte in 2015. Kristen is a North Carolina native as is thrilled to be working to serve the needs of clients in her hometown. Kristen has experience working with clients of all ages in a variety of setting, including schools, out-patient clinics, and home-base therapy.
She draws upon a wide range of theories to meet the needs of each client, including Cognitive Behavioral, Person Centered, and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy.
Kristen treats patients starting 4 years old. Kristen is a Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor Associate who received her Master of Arts Degree from Wake Forest University after obtaining her Bachelor of Arts Degree in Psychology from the University of North Carolina at Charlotte in 2015. Kristen is a North Carolina native as is thrilled to be working to serve the needs of clients in her hometown. Kristen has experience working with clients of all ages in a variety of setting, including schools, out-patient clinics, and home-base therapy.
(704) 387-6120 View (704) 387-6120
Photo of Meghann Goddard, LCMHC
Meghann Goddard
Lic Clinical Mental Health Counselor Associate, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Harrisburg, NC 28075  (Online Only)
Meghann holds a BA in Communication from the University of North Carolina at Pembroke and a MA in Communication from Queens University of Charlotte. After 10 years in the marketing and communication field, she made the decision to pursue her passion in counseling. Meghann completed her MA in Counseling at Wake Forest University and is now a Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor Associate. Meghann has aligned her therapeutic approach with a person-focused approach through cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical-behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing.
Meghann holds a BA in Communication from the University of North Carolina at Pembroke and a MA in Communication from Queens University of Charlotte. After 10 years in the marketing and communication field, she made the decision to pursue her passion in counseling. Meghann completed her MA in Counseling at Wake Forest University and is now a Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor Associate. Meghann has aligned her therapeutic approach with a person-focused approach through cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical-behavioral therapy and motivational interviewing.
(704) 766-8361 View (704) 766-8361
Photo of Emily J Materdo, MSW, LCSWA, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Emily J Materdo
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSWA
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
I have an integrative approach to therapy using modalities like CBT, DBT, Self-Compassion, and IFS.
Are you someone who is looking to gain an understanding of why it’s so hard to have a meaningful life? Maybe you have been searching endlessly for an answer to this question but has yet to find it. And coming to therapy feels overwhelming. Look no further because you've come to the right place! My ideal client is you. I help clients to understand their overwhelming emotions and how these emotions can affect our daily lives. When clients come to see me, I also share that most importantly what I offer is a different perspective. Using this approach builds trust with clients and insight of understanding my therapeutic approach.
I have an integrative approach to therapy using modalities like CBT, DBT, Self-Compassion, and IFS.
Are you someone who is looking to gain an understanding of why it’s so hard to have a meaningful life? Maybe you have been searching endlessly for an answer to this question but has yet to find it. And coming to therapy feels overwhelming. Look no further because you've come to the right place! My ideal client is you. I help clients to understand their overwhelming emotions and how these emotions can affect our daily lives. When clients come to see me, I also share that most importantly what I offer is a different perspective. Using this approach builds trust with clients and insight of understanding my therapeutic approach.
(980) 372-8625 View (980) 372-8625
Photo of Daija Prather, MA, LCMHCA, NCC, Counselor
Daija Prather
Counselor, MA, LCMHCA, NCC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
Imagine a space where you're truly heard, understood, and supported, free from judgment. That's what therapy with me offers. Together, we navigate life's challenges, uncovering your strengths and empowering you to achieve your goals. Whether you're seeking relief from anxiety, healing from past traumas, or striving for personal growth, I provide a safe and compassionate environment for your journey towards emotional well-being and resilience. My client is ready to see change in their life and be encouraged and empowered to enjoy life on their terms.
Imagine a space where you're truly heard, understood, and supported, free from judgment. That's what therapy with me offers. Together, we navigate life's challenges, uncovering your strengths and empowering you to achieve your goals. Whether you're seeking relief from anxiety, healing from past traumas, or striving for personal growth, I provide a safe and compassionate environment for your journey towards emotional well-being and resilience. My client is ready to see change in their life and be encouraged and empowered to enjoy life on their terms.
(980) 203-3456 View (980) 203-3456
Photo of Carolyn Souders, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Carolyn Souders
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Harrisburg, NC 28075
There is great potential for positive change within reach. Starting therapy is a courageous step toward that new beginning. I believe that everyone has the ability to make positive changes to bring about a more meaningful, balanced life. I offer a compassionate, nonjudgemental space to process difficult emotions and thought processes that feel heavy and burdensome. We'll work together to identify specific issues causing distress, recognize existing strengths to draw upon and develop new and effective coping strategies to reduce distress.
There is great potential for positive change within reach. Starting therapy is a courageous step toward that new beginning. I believe that everyone has the ability to make positive changes to bring about a more meaningful, balanced life. I offer a compassionate, nonjudgemental space to process difficult emotions and thought processes that feel heavy and burdensome. We'll work together to identify specific issues causing distress, recognize existing strengths to draw upon and develop new and effective coping strategies to reduce distress.
(980) 243-4538 View (980) 243-4538
Photo of Reggie Young, LCSWA, LCAS-A
Reggie Young
LCSW Associate, LCSWA, LCAS-A
Verified Verified
Harrisburg, NC 28075
I believe that the most important factor of successful treatment starts with establishing a genuine therapeutic relationship. I have over 20 years of experience working with children, adults and families with co-occurring disorders, and the expectation is that each client is treated with dignity and respect. There is a higher calling on my life to serve people and this combines with education, training and life experience to better connect with others while assisting in the healing process..
I believe that the most important factor of successful treatment starts with establishing a genuine therapeutic relationship. I have over 20 years of experience working with children, adults and families with co-occurring disorders, and the expectation is that each client is treated with dignity and respect. There is a higher calling on my life to serve people and this combines with education, training and life experience to better connect with others while assisting in the healing process..
(980) 550-4535 View (980) 550-4535
Photo of Amy S Horne, LCMHCQS, NPT-C, CIMHP, CIMNTT, MFT
Amy S Horne
Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, LCMHCQS, NPT-C, CIMHP, CIMNTT, MFT
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075  (Online Only)
Qualified Supervisor, Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, I create a non-judgmental environment where clients feel safe to discuss their issues and improve the quality of their lives. I integrate different approaches with emphasis on EMDR/R-TEP/G-TEP, Gottman, NET, Trauma, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I have experience with soldiers, trauma, abuse and disorders. I treat adolescents and adults using individual, family and/or couples' counseling. I have a direct therapeutic approach. I'm a Certified Integrative Medicine and Nutrition Trauma Treatment provider.
Qualified Supervisor, Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, I create a non-judgmental environment where clients feel safe to discuss their issues and improve the quality of their lives. I integrate different approaches with emphasis on EMDR/R-TEP/G-TEP, Gottman, NET, Trauma, and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. I have experience with soldiers, trauma, abuse and disorders. I treat adolescents and adults using individual, family and/or couples' counseling. I have a direct therapeutic approach. I'm a Certified Integrative Medicine and Nutrition Trauma Treatment provider.
(910) 356-9455 View (910) 356-9455
Photo of undefined - Evolution Counseling Associates PLLC, MA, LCMHC, NCC
Evolution Counseling Associates PLLC
Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, MA, LCMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
Our therapists are skilled in meeting the challenges of all of life’s struggles. We can help you regulate your emotions to better serve your authentic, true self. Creating healthy relationships, increasing self respect, processing past trauma-we will be by your side through it all. Evolution offers proven therapy techniques to get you where you want to be in life. As you move forward with us, our hope is that you will begin to see positive results in yourself and with your loved ones. We are here to help you. Please visit our website to get further information on our Practice and Therapists.
Our therapists are skilled in meeting the challenges of all of life’s struggles. We can help you regulate your emotions to better serve your authentic, true self. Creating healthy relationships, increasing self respect, processing past trauma-we will be by your side through it all. Evolution offers proven therapy techniques to get you where you want to be in life. As you move forward with us, our hope is that you will begin to see positive results in yourself and with your loved ones. We are here to help you. Please visit our website to get further information on our Practice and Therapists.
(704) 870-4991 View (704) 870-4991
Photo of undefined - Chronic Health Counseling, PLLC, MSW, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Chronic Health Counseling, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, MSW, LCSW
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
We are so glad you are here, bravely taking this important first step. We treat individuals living with chronic illness & also specialize in treating a variety of other mental health issues unrelated to chronic illness. Living with either a chronic health condition or mental health concerns can take a toll on our emotional well-being making it even more difficult to navigate our lives. Whether you have been diagnosed with a chronic medical condition or you are struggling with other mental health concerns, our therapists can help you find ways to express difficult emotions and work toward finding a sense of peace and joy!
We are so glad you are here, bravely taking this important first step. We treat individuals living with chronic illness & also specialize in treating a variety of other mental health issues unrelated to chronic illness. Living with either a chronic health condition or mental health concerns can take a toll on our emotional well-being making it even more difficult to navigate our lives. Whether you have been diagnosed with a chronic medical condition or you are struggling with other mental health concerns, our therapists can help you find ways to express difficult emotions and work toward finding a sense of peace and joy!
(704) 842-9915 View (704) 842-9915
Photo of Caitlin Hubbard, LCSWA, EMT-B, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Caitlin Hubbard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSWA, EMT-B
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
Seeking therapy can be a daunting task, but one that takes a lot of courage. I am dedicated to providing a warm, safe, and supportive environment for you. I offer individual counseling services to children and adults between 9-55+. I specialize in working with adolescents who have experienced significant grief and loss. I understand that the pain of loss can be overwhelming. Grief is like a fingerprint – entirely unique to the individual and their journey.
Seeking therapy can be a daunting task, but one that takes a lot of courage. I am dedicated to providing a warm, safe, and supportive environment for you. I offer individual counseling services to children and adults between 9-55+. I specialize in working with adolescents who have experienced significant grief and loss. I understand that the pain of loss can be overwhelming. Grief is like a fingerprint – entirely unique to the individual and their journey.
(980) 946-6199 View (980) 946-6199
Photo of J. Michelle Daley, LCMHCA, Counselor
J. Michelle Daley
Counselor, LCMHCA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
Therapy can feel like a scary step to take. Even more it can be a struggle to just share one's needs/stories. Which is why Diego and I work with each of our Clients in making that fear go away and assisting everyone in feeling comfortable and at ease. One of the first priorities I focus on is working with that fear, that uncomfortable feeling--It Gets Better. Diego is an amazing asset to this team as he will provide comfort to those who experience anxiety during therapy. He can provide decompression for those working through trauma or those experiencing sensory challenges.
Therapy can feel like a scary step to take. Even more it can be a struggle to just share one's needs/stories. Which is why Diego and I work with each of our Clients in making that fear go away and assisting everyone in feeling comfortable and at ease. One of the first priorities I focus on is working with that fear, that uncomfortable feeling--It Gets Better. Diego is an amazing asset to this team as he will provide comfort to those who experience anxiety during therapy. He can provide decompression for those working through trauma or those experiencing sensory challenges.
(980) 270-2140 View (980) 270-2140
Photo of Tova Woullard, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Tova Woullard
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Harrisburg, NC 28075  (Online Only)
Trying to find the right professional to support the emotional and/or behavioral health of your child or teen? Looking for a therapist who can give you and your child immediate online support? Our therapists accept most insurance and can be seen within the week. Schedule a free consultation with a therapist today to learn more about their approach. Need a hand? Our concierge service can help you find the right therapist for your child's needs.
Trying to find the right professional to support the emotional and/or behavioral health of your child or teen? Looking for a therapist who can give you and your child immediate online support? Our therapists accept most insurance and can be seen within the week. Schedule a free consultation with a therapist today to learn more about their approach. Need a hand? Our concierge service can help you find the right therapist for your child's needs.
(704) 389-5473 View (704) 389-5473
Photo of Bradley Blackburn, LCMHCA, MA, Counselor
Bradley Blackburn
Counselor, LCMHCA, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
Ever feel like you're fighting every moment of your life against your own feelings and your own thoughts? A lot goes into being a person and sometimes it can feel overwhelming. You are capable of complex emotions that are not enjoyable such as anxiety, depression, helplessness, anger, and fear to name a few. And you are also capable of courage, compassion for yourself and others, persistence, meaningful activity, and even joy. It takes help sometimes to get to that, and that is the work I want to offer you; to help you engage with your life and your very real feelings in a way that you truly want.
Ever feel like you're fighting every moment of your life against your own feelings and your own thoughts? A lot goes into being a person and sometimes it can feel overwhelming. You are capable of complex emotions that are not enjoyable such as anxiety, depression, helplessness, anger, and fear to name a few. And you are also capable of courage, compassion for yourself and others, persistence, meaningful activity, and even joy. It takes help sometimes to get to that, and that is the work I want to offer you; to help you engage with your life and your very real feelings in a way that you truly want.
(704) 324-8385 View (704) 324-8385
Photo of undefined - SHINE Counseling, PLLC, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
SHINE Counseling, PLLC
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
6 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
Asking for help is an act of strength, courage, and resilience. If you or a loved one suffers from trauma, anxiety, and depression, contact us. For a faster response, please email. Negative thoughts, feelings, and self-defeating behaviors get in the way of us realizing our full potential. We facilitate the healing process needed to recover. We know that with adequate support, compassion, and insight, one can have a new lease on life. We believe in the power we have to transform and overcome minor mistakes to the most significant obstacles to live the life that we want to live, enabling peace to surface and calmness to be present.
Asking for help is an act of strength, courage, and resilience. If you or a loved one suffers from trauma, anxiety, and depression, contact us. For a faster response, please email. Negative thoughts, feelings, and self-defeating behaviors get in the way of us realizing our full potential. We facilitate the healing process needed to recover. We know that with adequate support, compassion, and insight, one can have a new lease on life. We believe in the power we have to transform and overcome minor mistakes to the most significant obstacles to live the life that we want to live, enabling peace to surface and calmness to be present.
(704) 327-0132 View (704) 327-0132
Photo of Lonnie Mullet, MA, LCMHC, Licensed Professional Counselor
Lonnie Mullet
Licensed Professional Counselor, MA, LCMHC
Verified Verified
12 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
Not accepting new clients
Dialectical Behavioral therapy can also help manage emotions, increase awareness, and distress tolerance.
You are tired of being frustrated, angry and anxious. It's hurting your relationships at home and work and more importantly you are unhappy. You have decided to make a change but you're not sure how or what to do. Over the past twelve years I've helped many men and women become more comfortable making lasting changes in their personal lives. With my help, you will learn more about yourself and the direction you want to move. You can gain new understanding to address your relationship struggles and learn to tolerate discomfort for growth.
Dialectical Behavioral therapy can also help manage emotions, increase awareness, and distress tolerance.
You are tired of being frustrated, angry and anxious. It's hurting your relationships at home and work and more importantly you are unhappy. You have decided to make a change but you're not sure how or what to do. Over the past twelve years I've helped many men and women become more comfortable making lasting changes in their personal lives. With my help, you will learn more about yourself and the direction you want to move. You can gain new understanding to address your relationship struggles and learn to tolerate discomfort for growth.
(980) 238-2786 View (980) 238-2786
Photo of Kiera Brown, LCSW, LCAS-A, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Kiera Brown
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LCAS-A
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Harrisburg, NC 28075
Not accepting new clients
Are you feeling stressed and overwhelmed? Are you tired of carrying heavy burdens? Are you struggling with life challenges and transitions? Are you ready to work through past and or current issues that have you stagnate? If the answer is yes to any of these questions, then you're in the right place. Life may seem difficult at this time but you have taken the initial step in seeking support by searching for a therapist.
Are you feeling stressed and overwhelmed? Are you tired of carrying heavy burdens? Are you struggling with life challenges and transitions? Are you ready to work through past and or current issues that have you stagnate? If the answer is yes to any of these questions, then you're in the right place. Life may seem difficult at this time but you have taken the initial step in seeking support by searching for a therapist.
(704) 327-0617 View (704) 327-0617

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Takesha Briggins, LCMHC, Counselor
Takesha Briggins
Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
Charlotte, NC 28215
I utilize a humanistic, non-judgemental approach drawing from CBT, Solution Focused, Person Centered, and DBT frameworks.
Hello! My name is Takesha Briggins and I am a Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor in North Carolina. I have been a professional counselor for 12 years and have worked in a variety of settings with diverse populations. I have worked with adolescents in schools, adults in community settings, and families as an intensive in-home clinician. I am passionate about helping others navigate through issues related to anxiety, depression, stress management, life transitions, interpersonal relationships, mindfulness, self compassion, academia, and career to name a few.
I utilize a humanistic, non-judgemental approach drawing from CBT, Solution Focused, Person Centered, and DBT frameworks.
Hello! My name is Takesha Briggins and I am a Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor in North Carolina. I have been a professional counselor for 12 years and have worked in a variety of settings with diverse populations. I have worked with adolescents in schools, adults in community settings, and families as an intensive in-home clinician. I am passionate about helping others navigate through issues related to anxiety, depression, stress management, life transitions, interpersonal relationships, mindfulness, self compassion, academia, and career to name a few.
(980) 737-9134 View (980) 737-9134
Photo of Jessie Smith, LCSW, Clinical Social Work/Therapist
Jessie Smith
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Charlotte, NC 28215
I incorporate cognitive behavioral, dialectical behavioral, mindfulness, motivational interviewing, and psychotherapy techniques to work with my clients through their struggles, offering them comfort and support to help them overcome the challenges they are facing.
My name is Jessie Smith, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the state of North Carolina. I have experience working with adults, adults with SPMI, adolescents, and families seeking support to overcome trauma, anxiety, depression, life transitions, grief, parenting issues, anger, self-esteem, codependency, and other challenges that arise in life. I earned a Bachelor's and Master of Social Work from The University of North Carolina at Pembroke.
I incorporate cognitive behavioral, dialectical behavioral, mindfulness, motivational interviewing, and psychotherapy techniques to work with my clients through their struggles, offering them comfort and support to help them overcome the challenges they are facing.
My name is Jessie Smith, and I am a Licensed Clinical Social Worker in the state of North Carolina. I have experience working with adults, adults with SPMI, adolescents, and families seeking support to overcome trauma, anxiety, depression, life transitions, grief, parenting issues, anger, self-esteem, codependency, and other challenges that arise in life. I earned a Bachelor's and Master of Social Work from The University of North Carolina at Pembroke.
(980) 409-2597 View (980) 409-2597
Dialectical Behavior (DBT) Therapists

Who is DBT for?

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) is designed for people who experience extreme emotional suffering because they lack the skills of emotion regulation and distress tolerance. The basic affliction can underlie a wide range of conditions, from borderline and other personality disorders to PTSD and treatment-resistant anxiety and depression. The therapy is helpful to those whose emotional reactivity is so intense it is disruptive to everyday functioning and leads to frequent crises.

Why do people need DBT?

The ability to regulate emotions is a core psychological skill that enables people to function in life and pay attention to the world outside themselves; it is consistently associated with well-being. DBT is designed to help people learn how to manage and regulate their emotions. Originally developed to treat people with borderline personality disorder whose extreme emotional suffering led to self-harming behavior and suicide attempts, the therapy is now applied to other conditions involving emotion dysregulation, particularly when other treatments have failed.

What happens in DBT?

Individuals meet weekly with their therapist to discuss their experiences relating to moods, behavior, and skills. Using checklists they maintain, they review emotional experiences and positive practices they engage in. The diaries help individuals discern what led up to a specific problem encountered, this is followed by discussion of the consequences of their actions. In addition, individuals may meet in class-like small groups to learn skills such as mindfulness, emotion regulation and distress tolerance.

How long does DBT last?

Because it is intended to establish long-lasting behavioral change among those with persistent problems, DBT is designed to last six months to a year. DBT includes both weekly sessions of individual therapy and weekly skills-training sessions conducted in small groups. Studies of DBT have documented improvement within a year of treatment, particularly in controlling self-harmful behavior; nevertheless, individuals may require therapy for several years.