Therapists in Catawba County, NC

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Photo of Shavodka Love Nowacki, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Catawba County, NC
Shavodka Love Nowacki
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LISW-CP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Conover, NC 28613
My goal is to be there for you every step of your journey. Working to help others heal, grow, and be empowered to live your best life.
My goal is to be there for you every step of your journey. Working to help others heal, grow, and be empowered to live your best life.
(828) 761-3958 View (828) 761-3958
Photo of Ashley K Ridenour, Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Ashley K Ridenour
Counselor, MA, LCMHCA, NCC
Verified Verified
Hickory, NC 28601
I believe that people heal through connection and relationships. I am passionate about helping clients work towards overall wellness. While using evidence-based practices, I incorporate a therapeutic bond with clients to help them on their healing journey. I strive to be present in each session with you and I believe in empowering you to take control of your life.   Each client is different and has diverse needs, therefore the approach I use for each client is unique to them. Meeting clients where they are and helping them achieve their personal goals is an essential part of healing.
I believe that people heal through connection and relationships. I am passionate about helping clients work towards overall wellness. While using evidence-based practices, I incorporate a therapeutic bond with clients to help them on their healing journey. I strive to be present in each session with you and I believe in empowering you to take control of your life.   Each client is different and has diverse needs, therefore the approach I use for each client is unique to them. Meeting clients where they are and helping them achieve their personal goals is an essential part of healing.
(828) 532-3610 View (828) 532-3610
Photo of Aaron Horn, Marriage & Family Therapist in Catawba County, NC
Aaron Horn
Marriage & Family Therapist, MA, LMFT
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hickory, NC 28601
Everyone has times in their life that they need to talk to someone. Throughout my career, I have worked with a broad range of people-children, individuals, and couples. I understand what it is like to be in search of answers. I recognize that anxiety and stress impact families as well as individuals. My life experiences have taught me to look at each client as an individual with their own needs and strengths. I believe that therapy can help us find specific solutions to our problems- whether those struggles are internal, external, personal, or relationally oriented.
Everyone has times in their life that they need to talk to someone. Throughout my career, I have worked with a broad range of people-children, individuals, and couples. I understand what it is like to be in search of answers. I recognize that anxiety and stress impact families as well as individuals. My life experiences have taught me to look at each client as an individual with their own needs and strengths. I believe that therapy can help us find specific solutions to our problems- whether those struggles are internal, external, personal, or relationally oriented.
(828) 385-5134 View (828) 385-5134
Photo of Karis Pearson-Parham, Psychologist in Catawba County, NC
Karis Pearson-Parham
Psychologist, PhD, LP, HSP-P
Verified Verified
Hickory, NC 28601  (Online Only)
Client's who work best with me are often not the clients who know exactly what they want or need in therapy, though that can be very helpful. Often they are simply people who recognise a need for help and are willing to engage in the process. You can go to any competent clinician and they should be able to support you with basic skills. What I draw out of people is not only what they want and need, but their strengths and special aspects that make them who they are in order to work through to a point where they can make healthy choice and live their "best life."
Client's who work best with me are often not the clients who know exactly what they want or need in therapy, though that can be very helpful. Often they are simply people who recognise a need for help and are willing to engage in the process. You can go to any competent clinician and they should be able to support you with basic skills. What I draw out of people is not only what they want and need, but their strengths and special aspects that make them who they are in order to work through to a point where they can make healthy choice and live their "best life."
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Photo of Travis Shay Glass, Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Travis Shay Glass
Counselor, MS, LCMHC, CBIS
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hickory, NC 28602
I specialize in counseling individuals with neurological conditions, including traumatic brain injury (TBI), post-concussive syndrome, stroke, etc. The brain serves as the central processing organ, influencing nearly every aspect of an individual’s life. The consequences are rarely confined to a specific set of issues. Instead, cognitive, physical, sensory, and emotional challenges can intertwine impacting various components on a person's life. I empower individuals to build resilience and adapt to the changes they may experience. I help individuals reclaim their emotional well-being and adapt to new chapters in their lives.
I specialize in counseling individuals with neurological conditions, including traumatic brain injury (TBI), post-concussive syndrome, stroke, etc. The brain serves as the central processing organ, influencing nearly every aspect of an individual’s life. The consequences are rarely confined to a specific set of issues. Instead, cognitive, physical, sensory, and emotional challenges can intertwine impacting various components on a person's life. I empower individuals to build resilience and adapt to the changes they may experience. I help individuals reclaim their emotional well-being and adapt to new chapters in their lives.
(828) 677-2880 View (828) 677-2880
Photo of Elizabeth Maino, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Catawba County, NC
Elizabeth Maino
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW
Verified Verified
Hickory, NC 28601  (Online Only)
Hi there! I'm Elizabeth and I am now accepting new clients for telehealth therapy in North Carolina! I am very excited about working with you. Do you struggle with anxiety, depression, relationship or parenting issues? I have decades of experience working with adolescents and adults of all ages. I have worked in hospitals, schools, community clinics and as an independent therapist. I have been in similar shoes as the ones you may be wearing right now. Don't be embarrassed because you are needing help. We all need help. Let me join you as you make changes in your life.
Hi there! I'm Elizabeth and I am now accepting new clients for telehealth therapy in North Carolina! I am very excited about working with you. Do you struggle with anxiety, depression, relationship or parenting issues? I have decades of experience working with adolescents and adults of all ages. I have worked in hospitals, schools, community clinics and as an independent therapist. I have been in similar shoes as the ones you may be wearing right now. Don't be embarrassed because you are needing help. We all need help. Let me join you as you make changes in your life.
(828) 373-0748 View (828) 373-0748
Photo of Danielle Cisney, Licensed Professional Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Danielle Cisney
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Hickory, NC 28601  (Online Only)
I help people get their unhelpful thoughts out of their way. Your thoughts keep throwing useless “solutions” at you that never really work and sometimes even make things worse. Your mind may even come up with new problems that do not exist with thousands of “what if” scenarios - as if it’s getting paid by the minute to work against you. It can be frustrating and stressful to go through this same loop day after day. I get why you are ready to try something new. I can help you build the skills you need to respond to difficult thoughts in healthy and effective ways.
I help people get their unhelpful thoughts out of their way. Your thoughts keep throwing useless “solutions” at you that never really work and sometimes even make things worse. Your mind may even come up with new problems that do not exist with thousands of “what if” scenarios - as if it’s getting paid by the minute to work against you. It can be frustrating and stressful to go through this same loop day after day. I get why you are ready to try something new. I can help you build the skills you need to respond to difficult thoughts in healthy and effective ways.
(828) 520-2207 View (828) 520-2207
Photo of Courtney Herrera, Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Courtney Herrera
Counselor, MS, LCMHC, LCASA, NCC, CMCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
I liken my therapeutic approach to the Japanese artform of Kintsugi in which broken pieces of pottery are mended together by precious metals, creating an equally or even more beautiful creation than it was in its original state. As a philosophy, if an object has been damaged then it has more of a history and should, therefore, be celebrated and highlighted, rather than hidden or discarded. Just as the broken sections are embraced in Kintsugi I believe that the broken, flawed, imperfect pieces of our life can come together with the good experiences, to form an even more amazing and beautiful life.
I liken my therapeutic approach to the Japanese artform of Kintsugi in which broken pieces of pottery are mended together by precious metals, creating an equally or even more beautiful creation than it was in its original state. As a philosophy, if an object has been damaged then it has more of a history and should, therefore, be celebrated and highlighted, rather than hidden or discarded. Just as the broken sections are embraced in Kintsugi I believe that the broken, flawed, imperfect pieces of our life can come together with the good experiences, to form an even more amazing and beautiful life.
(828) 593-5440 View (828) 593-5440
Photo of Sara Nafziger-Shelly, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Catawba County, NC
Sara Nafziger-Shelly
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, BCD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hickory, NC 28602
We each have the wisdom within ourselves to guide us on our life journey. However, we often forget to listen when life around us is loud, confusing or perplexing. Additionally, childhood trauma or old baggage interferes with our listening ability. These distractions prevent us from hearing our own inner wisdom. I am a sojourner with my clients as I help them learn to listen to their own internal wisdom. Together, we work to discover inner healing, peace and life balance in their lives.
We each have the wisdom within ourselves to guide us on our life journey. However, we often forget to listen when life around us is loud, confusing or perplexing. Additionally, childhood trauma or old baggage interferes with our listening ability. These distractions prevent us from hearing our own inner wisdom. I am a sojourner with my clients as I help them learn to listen to their own internal wisdom. Together, we work to discover inner healing, peace and life balance in their lives.
(828) 332-5831 View (828) 332-5831
Photo of Emily A Miller, Clinical Social Work/Therapist in Catawba County, NC
Emily A Miller
Clinical Social Work/Therapist, LCSW, LCAS, CSI
Verified Verified
Hickory, NC 28601  (Online Only)
My name is Emily Miller, and I have a passion to help other's improve their overall quality of life. I have a vast array of experience from working with youth, people experiencing homelessness and who struggle with addictions and many other mental health/life challenges. I want to meet each individual where they are at, and create a safe, non-judgmental space for healing.
My name is Emily Miller, and I have a passion to help other's improve their overall quality of life. I have a vast array of experience from working with youth, people experiencing homelessness and who struggle with addictions and many other mental health/life challenges. I want to meet each individual where they are at, and create a safe, non-judgmental space for healing.
(828) 547-9260 View (828) 547-9260
Photo of Liz Sakatos, Licensed Professional Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Liz Sakatos
Licensed Professional Counselor, LCMHC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hickory, NC 28601  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
I specialize in helping clients learn to take control of their anxiety and lives by examining the impact of internal pressure (like unhealthy self-talk) and external triggers (like toxic relationships) and replacing what doesn't work with strategies to feel more empowered. I firmly believe that the way that we speak to ourselves impacts how we handle the pressures we face and let's be honest, we are often our own harshest critics. That is why I use a strengths-based approach to treatment to help clients get rid of hurtful self-talk and learn to embrace their own power!
I specialize in helping clients learn to take control of their anxiety and lives by examining the impact of internal pressure (like unhealthy self-talk) and external triggers (like toxic relationships) and replacing what doesn't work with strategies to feel more empowered. I firmly believe that the way that we speak to ourselves impacts how we handle the pressures we face and let's be honest, we are often our own harshest critics. That is why I use a strengths-based approach to treatment to help clients get rid of hurtful self-talk and learn to embrace their own power!
(828) 634-7201 View (828) 634-7201
Photo of Pamilla G Yount in Catawba County, NC
Pamilla G Yount
CMH, CHT, CHI
Verified Verified
Hickory, NC 28602
Hypnosis works to stop smoking, weight loss, stress, pain management, restructuring and reinventing your life . It also works for creating a positive new way of life.
Hypnosis works to stop smoking, weight loss, stress, pain management, restructuring and reinventing your life . It also works for creating a positive new way of life.
(828) 962-4336 View (828) 962-4336
Photo of Catherine Elizabeth Cochran, Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Catherine Elizabeth Cochran
Counselor, LCMHC, NCC
Verified Verified
Newton, NC 28658
Have you chosen to embrace your wellness, and explore and pursue your goals? Are you ready to address your challenges in a supportive, non-judgmental environment? Depression, anxiety, feeling overwhelmed and unsupported, struggling with anger and relationships can make you feel alone and afraid. You are not alone and you are brave. When you are ready to make a change in your life, counseling can help.
Have you chosen to embrace your wellness, and explore and pursue your goals? Are you ready to address your challenges in a supportive, non-judgmental environment? Depression, anxiety, feeling overwhelmed and unsupported, struggling with anger and relationships can make you feel alone and afraid. You are not alone and you are brave. When you are ready to make a change in your life, counseling can help.
(980) 858-5157 View (980) 858-5157
Photo of Brooke Graniello, Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Brooke Graniello
Counselor, MA, NCC, LCMHCA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hickory, NC 28601
I am an LCMHCA at Solutions of Hickory, PA. I earned a BSc in Psychology and Women & Gender Studies from SUNY Oneonta in 2015, followed by an MSEd in School Counseling from St. John’s University in 2017. With seven years of experience as a School Counselor, I returned to LRU in 2023 to complete my LCMHCA requirements and certification. During my tenure in educational and school settings, I have worked extensively with adolescents and young adults dealing with anxiety, depression, life transitions, growth, future planning, grief, domestic violence, and LGBTQIA+ experiences.
I am an LCMHCA at Solutions of Hickory, PA. I earned a BSc in Psychology and Women & Gender Studies from SUNY Oneonta in 2015, followed by an MSEd in School Counseling from St. John’s University in 2017. With seven years of experience as a School Counselor, I returned to LRU in 2023 to complete my LCMHCA requirements and certification. During my tenure in educational and school settings, I have worked extensively with adolescents and young adults dealing with anxiety, depression, life transitions, growth, future planning, grief, domestic violence, and LGBTQIA+ experiences.
(828) 677-2616 View (828) 677-2616
Photo of Brenton Queen, Marriage & Family Therapist in Catawba County, NC
Brenton Queen
Marriage & Family Therapist, MS, LMFT, LCAS
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Hickory, NC 28601
My ideal client is someone who is ready for new results. I love helping people create what is really important for their life, and I am committed to being someone who can push them to have it. The most successful couples I work with have struggled with infidelity, considered divorce, or lost the fireworks in their marriage. The most successful individuals I work with have struggled with anxiety, addiction, intimacy issues, death/loss, or finding a purpose. All of my clients who succeed are open to exploring new ideas and hungry for change. Our conversations are action-oriented and results driven. Most of our sessions are fun.
My ideal client is someone who is ready for new results. I love helping people create what is really important for their life, and I am committed to being someone who can push them to have it. The most successful couples I work with have struggled with infidelity, considered divorce, or lost the fireworks in their marriage. The most successful individuals I work with have struggled with anxiety, addiction, intimacy issues, death/loss, or finding a purpose. All of my clients who succeed are open to exploring new ideas and hungry for change. Our conversations are action-oriented and results driven. Most of our sessions are fun.
(828) 835-2229 View (828) 835-2229
Photo of Brian S Hissom, Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Brian S Hissom
Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC
Verified Verified
Hickory, NC 28601
I believe that each of us has the potential to achieve most all of the goals that we have. When emotions or behaviors prevent you from reaching your potential, counseling can be very helpful. My goal is to provide quality, effective, confidential evaluation and counseling services while maintaining excellent relationships with physicians and other professionals who may also be helping you. I specialize in working with adolescents and adults with emotional, behavioral, relationship difficulties. I also provide pre-surgical assessments for bariatric and pain management surgeries.
I believe that each of us has the potential to achieve most all of the goals that we have. When emotions or behaviors prevent you from reaching your potential, counseling can be very helpful. My goal is to provide quality, effective, confidential evaluation and counseling services while maintaining excellent relationships with physicians and other professionals who may also be helping you. I specialize in working with adolescents and adults with emotional, behavioral, relationship difficulties. I also provide pre-surgical assessments for bariatric and pain management surgeries.
(828) 348-1898 View (828) 348-1898
Photo of Stacey Chapman, Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Stacey Chapman
Counselor, MA, LCMHCA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hickory, NC 28602
Living with anxiety, OCD, and/or ADHD can be overwhelming, affecting various aspects of your life. Having both personal and professional experience, I understand the unique complexities and struggles that often accompany these conditions. Choosing therapy is an act of self-care and bravery, and I commend you for taking this step towards positive change. Together, we can cultivate your inner strengths, enhance your self-awareness, and empower you to overcome challenges associated with anxiety, OCD, ADHD, and other mental health disorders. I am honored to have the opportunity to support you on your path towards mental wellness.
Living with anxiety, OCD, and/or ADHD can be overwhelming, affecting various aspects of your life. Having both personal and professional experience, I understand the unique complexities and struggles that often accompany these conditions. Choosing therapy is an act of self-care and bravery, and I commend you for taking this step towards positive change. Together, we can cultivate your inner strengths, enhance your self-awareness, and empower you to overcome challenges associated with anxiety, OCD, ADHD, and other mental health disorders. I am honored to have the opportunity to support you on your path towards mental wellness.
(828) 547-3396 View (828) 547-3396
Photo of Leslie Mckenna, Licensed Professional Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Leslie Mckenna
Licensed Professional Counselor, MS, LPC
Verified Verified
Hickory, NC 28601
I have been passionate about the care and wellness of adult women since I began practicing in the early 1990's. I have worked in a variety of settings that have given me helpful experience in treating issues that women commonly face such as body shame, unhealthy eating patterns, unresolved trauma, anxiety, depression, domestic and verbal abuse. I follow the latest research findings related to the neurological basis behind therapeutic change and make it a point to empower my clients by teaching them everything that I have learned about healthy change and skills that have been shown to nurture a sense of peace and wellbeing.
I have been passionate about the care and wellness of adult women since I began practicing in the early 1990's. I have worked in a variety of settings that have given me helpful experience in treating issues that women commonly face such as body shame, unhealthy eating patterns, unresolved trauma, anxiety, depression, domestic and verbal abuse. I follow the latest research findings related to the neurological basis behind therapeutic change and make it a point to empower my clients by teaching them everything that I have learned about healthy change and skills that have been shown to nurture a sense of peace and wellbeing.
(828) 354-4624 View (828) 354-4624
Photo of Karen D. Hernandez, Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Karen D. Hernandez
Licensed Clinical Mental Health Counselor, MA, LCMHC, LCAS, NCC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Newton, NC 28658
Hi! Im Karen, and I am an LCMHC, LCAS, ( 8 years ) in providing therapy for clients. I graduated from Lenoir Rhyne University, Hickory, North Carolina. I currently serve clients from ages 10-99 years old. So just as my slogan says I want to help you recover, rejuvenate, and replenish. Together we can work to build your resilience so that whatever you may be dealing with in life you won't get down and stay down you will learn the skills in sessions and be able to rejuvenate (the act of energizing, revitalizing) yourself and get back up.
Hi! Im Karen, and I am an LCMHC, LCAS, ( 8 years ) in providing therapy for clients. I graduated from Lenoir Rhyne University, Hickory, North Carolina. I currently serve clients from ages 10-99 years old. So just as my slogan says I want to help you recover, rejuvenate, and replenish. Together we can work to build your resilience so that whatever you may be dealing with in life you won't get down and stay down you will learn the skills in sessions and be able to rejuvenate (the act of energizing, revitalizing) yourself and get back up.
(828) 382-8606 View (828) 382-8606
Photo of Katelyn Millinor, Counselor in Catawba County, NC
Katelyn Millinor
Counselor, MA, NCC, LPC, LPCC, LCMHC, BC-TMH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hickory, NC 28601  (Online Only)
I value the mind-body connection and believe we can find healing when we approach our health from a holistic perspective. Counseling requires a lot of effort and can only be truly transformative if you show up as yourself. I will show up as mine and that may include laughing, maybe some crying, and definitely some hard conversations. I am passionate about helping women adjust to motherhood, women experiencing fertility challenges, and those with anxiety and self-esteem issues. My role is to listen, ask questions, guide, and challenge you to shape your own path.
I value the mind-body connection and believe we can find healing when we approach our health from a holistic perspective. Counseling requires a lot of effort and can only be truly transformative if you show up as yourself. I will show up as mine and that may include laughing, maybe some crying, and definitely some hard conversations. I am passionate about helping women adjust to motherhood, women experiencing fertility challenges, and those with anxiety and self-esteem issues. My role is to listen, ask questions, guide, and challenge you to shape your own path.
(828) 761-6609 View (828) 761-6609

See more therapy options for Catawba County

How does your Therapist compare?

Number of Therapists in Catawba County, NC

100+

Average cost per session

$125

Therapists in Catawba County, NC who prioritize treating:

91% Anxiety
90% Depression
74% Self Esteem
72% Relationship Issues
68% Trauma and PTSD
68% Coping Skills
66% Stress

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

84% BlueCross and BlueShield
72% Aetna
66% Cigna and Evernorth

How Therapists in Catawba County, NC see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

84% Female
15% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counseling

How can I find a therapist in Catawba County?

Search for nearby therapists or counselors by inputting your city, town, or suburb; or zip code; or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or zip code into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors.

Many have been licensed by the country or state where they practice; providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some clinicians or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counselor?

Therapists, psychologists, and counselors are all licensed mental health professionals. In the US, psychologists have earned a doctoral degree. The terms “therapist” and “counselor” are used somewhat interchangeably, but generally therapists offer longer-term, mental health care, while counselors offer shorter-term care that may focus on one domain, such as marriage, career, or academic challenges.

Clients should consider factors such as insurance coverage and their primary reason(s) for seeking therapy to determine the type of professional best suited to their needs. Someone struggling with mental health challenges such as depression or anxiety, for example, may wish to seek out a clinical psychologist or therapist, while someone navigating career obstacles or marital upheaval may benefit from seeing a counselor who can offer short-term, targeted support.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the United States could cost between $100 and $200 or more. If you have insurance, the expense of mental health care is typically lower, but it varies based on your insurance plan details and whether you choose an in-network or out-of-network mental healthcare provider.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your zip code.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship. Therapists in the United States are bound by the regulations set out by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), which aims to protect sensitive health information. With very few exceptions, a therapist will only discuss their client with others when the client has given their written permission. The instances in which a therapist would be required to disclose personal information are: if a client poses a danger to themselves or others, if the therapist suspects the abuse of a child or an elderly or otherwise dependent adult, or if they are legally forced to by court order. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed with a client before their first session.